To eliminate the painful symptoms of arthritis, drugs from various clinical and pharmacological groups are used. These are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, muscle relaxants, chondroprotectors. Important in the treatment of inflammatory joint pathology is the strengthening of the body’s defenses. To increase immunity, prevent relapse of arthritis, patients are prescribed balanced complexes of vitamins and minerals. The drugs have a restorative, tonic effect, mobilize the body to fight the disease.
All vitamins are useful for the human body, but there are groups of biologically active substances necessary for the proper functioning of the joints. With their deficiency, regenerative processes slow down, the intensity of inflammation and swelling increases. Recommending vitamins for arthritis to the patient, a rheumatologist or orthopedist takes into account the degree of tissue damage and the stage of the pathology.
Vitamins for Arthritis
Arthritis is a group of diseases accompanied by an acute or sluggish inflammatory process. If untreated, cartilage is destroyed and bone tissue grows. Often, patients seek medical help for severe damage to the joints. In such cases, it is necessary to carry out intensive therapy aimed at improving the well-being of the patient and preventing the progression of pathology. For this, drugs that accelerate metabolism and tissue regeneration are used. Not a single biochemical process goes without vitamins. They act as catalysts or act as starting materials.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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Water-soluble vitamins are involved in cellular metabolism, contribute to the conversion of carbohydrates, fats and proteins into energy. This is the most important group of vitamins prescribed to patients in the diagnosis of arthritis of any inflammatory or degenerative-dystrophic pathology. With a lack of bioactive organic compounds, joint structures experience an acute shortage of nutrients and molecular oxygen. Such vitamins are especially important for cartilage, bones, ligament-tendon apparatus:
- thiamine and riboflavin – reduce the severity of pain, improve trophism, accelerate metabolism, prevent the occurrence of skeletal muscle spasms due to improved innervation;
- nicotinic ac >
Group B vitamins are necessary for the restoration of nerve fibers, which are damaged in severe arthritis by the overgrown edges of bone plates. For pathology at the stage of relapse, compression of the inflammatory endings of the nerve roots with inflammatory edema is also characteristic. Parenteral administration of Milgamma, Combilipen containing B vitamins helps to eliminate pathological exudate and restore the transmission of nerve impulses. After stopping the inflammation, patients are prescribed a course of Combibipen, Pentovit, Neuromultivitis in tablets.
Therapy of arthritis is not complete without prolonged use of vitamin C, which exhibits a pronounced antioxidant activity. It prevents the destruction of free radicals of cells, prevents premature aging of tissues. This is especially appreciated in orthopedics, rheumatology, as arthritis is mainly diagnosed in elderly patients and the elderly. These pathologies have a different origin:
- infectious and allergic;
Regardless of the etiology of arthritis, the progression affects the connective tissue structures – ligaments and tendons. Their recovery is impossible without ascorbic acid. Vitamin C is involved in the biosynthesis of collagen and elastin – the constituent elements of the ligament-tendon apparatus. Deficiency of ascorbic acid provokes microtrauma of connective tissues, making them vulnerable to external and internal negative effects.
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This vitamin is especially important for rheumatoid arthritis, which is an autoimmune disease. Ascorbic acid has the properties of an immunomodulator, strengthens the body’s defenses. It corrects the functioning of the immune system, increases resistance to infectious and allergic agents.
The group of fat-soluble vitamins includes cholecalciferol, ergocalciferol, tocopherol, retinol (vitamins A, E, D). Doctors prescribe them to patients as part of vitamin complexes along with water-soluble bioactive substances, and separately. A high concentration of ergocalciferol, tocopherol, retinol is found in fish oil and vegetable oils, especially linseed. When fatty sea fish are included in the diet, often additional intake of fat-soluble vitamins is not required. What are the pharmacological properties of bioactive substances in the treatment of arthritis:
- retinol. Prevents damage to cells by toxins, free radicals and other aggressive substances. It stimulates the regeneration of tissues affected by inflammation due to the acceleration of metabolic processes. In the treatment of arthritis, the anti-inflammatory effect of retinol is also used;
- tocopherol. It exhibits antiox >
Fish oil is useful for arthritis and due to the polyunsaturated fatty acids contained in it (omega-3, omega-6). They are necessary for the production of adrenal pain mediators – prostaglandins. This leads to an acceleration of the immune response and the rapid healing of damaged joint tissues. Eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids are used in the treatment of arthritis because of their ability to activate subtype 4 free fatty acid receptors. The course of fish oil in capsules or in the form of a thick oil solution helps to remove harmful cholesterol from their blood vessels, increasing the content of beneficial triglycerides. With the normalization of blood circulation, arthritis-affected joints begin to receive nutrients in sufficient quantities.
These biologically active substances are necessary for joints and spine as a building material of bone, cartilage, soft tissues, connective tissue structures. Trace elements are directly included in the composition of hyaline cartilage, are involved in all enzymatic reactions. The following chemical elements are especially important for the proper functioning of the musculoskeletal system:
- copper. Its lack in the body is the reason for the intensification of pain, the spread of the inflammatory process to healthy tissues, the development of infections affecting the joints. The trace element stimulates biochemical reactions, as a result of which the cells are saturated with molecular oxygen;
- magnesium. The trace element is involved in biochemical reactions of metabolism, regulation of transmission of nerve impulses. It has an antispasmodic, antiplatelet effect, relaxing skeletal muscles and improving blood circulation. High concentration of magnesium is part of bischofite, used for compresses and applications for arthritis;
- selenium. Bioactive substance regulates metabolic processes and biochemical redox reactions, is involved in the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Improves the absorption of iodine and fat-soluble vitamin E in the body. Selenium is necessary for the full functioning of the immune system, which is especially important in the treatment of rheumato >
All these trace elements are part of the vitamin complexes used in the treatment of arthritis. Very often, patients try to purchase drugs with a high concentration of calcium, as they have heard about its beneficial properties for bones. This trace element is necessary for reducing bone mass, thinning of tooth enamel, stratification of nail plates. The feasibility of additional calcium intake for arthritis should be discussed with your doctor.
Balanced Vitamin and Trace Complexes
Medicines with vitamins and minerals are recommended for patients with any disease. They have a tonic effect, stimulate regenerative processes, strengthen defenses. Therefore, there are no special vitamin complexes for the treatment of inflammatory joint pathologies. Before buying a medicine, you must check with the pharmacist about its composition. It must necessarily include bioactive substances that improve the functioning of the joints and spine. For arthritis of the knee, ankle, elbow, and shoulder joints, these vitamins have proven themselves well:
Drugs are taken on a tablet at the same time of the day, for example, at breakfast. But the doctor can determine the individual dosage regimen in diagnosing a progressive disease. Some vitamin complexes, such as the Alphabet, consist of tablets of various colors that need to be taken in the morning, afternoon, or evening. So manufacturers warn the mutual weakening of the therapeutic properties of vitamins and minerals.
The cost of medicines depends on their composition, country of manufacture, advertising and transportation costs, customs costs. Hexavit, Revit, Undevit have a low price, but dragees do not contain trace elements necessary for joints. High cost – with vitamin-mineral complexes produced in the USA, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland. This is Supradin, Vitrum, Center. Medications of the middle price category – Complivit, Selmevit, Multitabs. They are not inferior in quality to well-known brands, which saves a significant amount for the family budget.