The patient during exacerbation of gout of the legs should ensure complete rest and bed rest. The affected limb must be laid on a raised platform from a blanket or pillow.
Experts recommend removing acute pain, redness and swelling with painkillers from the NSAID group – a pill of Nise, Ortofen, Indomethacin or Diclofenac, and also apply an ice compress to the inflamed joint.
However, taking medications for an acute attack of gout in the legs may not be enough – the patient needs to not only relieve the manifestations of the disease, but also reduce the concentration of uric acid. A low purine diet will help solve this problem.
- Which doctor treats gout of the legs?
- Folk remedies
- Useful v > If the first symptoms appear, hurry to the doctor, do not delay the treatment
- Relieve inflammation and pain
- Analgesics for ailment
- Ointments and creams against the disease
- The use of uricosynthesis inhibitors
- Uricosuric use
- How to treat gout – basic recommendations
- Diet as a treatment for gout
- Products and dishes that are recommended to be included in diet table No. 6:
- Medication for gout attacks
- The drug is administered according to the scheme:
- Glucocorticosteroid preparations:
- Important signs for starting therapy:
- When gout is used local treatment with drugs:
- Non-drug treatments
- At an early stage of the disease, they use:
- In the interictal period, gout is used:
- Traditional methods of treatment
- Herbal fees:
- How to treat gout on the big toe: a remedy for joint inflammation
- How to treat gout on the legs
- How to treat gout on your legs promptly
- Physiotherapeutic treatment of cones on the big toe
- Folk remedies
- How to treat gout on the legs with a diet
- Symptoms and methods of treating gout on the legs
- Description and causes
- Symptoms and Diagnosis
- Folk methods
- Video “How to treat gout”
Which doctor treats gout of the legs?
Gout is a chronic disease that affects all body systems, so when the first symptoms of malaise appear, it is better to consult a rheumatologist. In addition to him, traumatologist and orthopedist can be involved in the treatment of gout of the legs.
If there are no doctors of these directions in the local clinic, it is recommended to go to the therapist. He is also able to conduct an examination and refer the patient to a narrow specialist.
Diagnosis of gout begins with a survey of the patient and an external examination of the limb. Usually, symptoms of malaise manifest themselves very clearly, but to obtain a true picture of the lesion, additional studies are prescribed to the patient:
- clinical and biochemical analysis of blood and urine;
- radiography in two projections;
- synovial fluid puncture;
A laboratory blood test for gout on the legs gives an idea of how high the level of urate in the body is. The biochemical composition of urine changes only if the pathological process affects the urinary system.
Additional diagnostic measures help to detect the presence of diseases similar in symptoms to gout, if any, are present in the anamnesis.
The joint form of gout on the legs can be treated at home. Therapy begins with the use of medications.
The patient is prescribed:
- anti-inflammatory drugs of the non-steroid group in the form of tablets – Indomethacin, Nise, Diclofenac, Ortofen, Butadion;
- ointments for external use – Capsicam, Voltaren gel, Viprosal, Gevkamen, Phenylbutazone, Vishnevsky liniment;
- preparations for gout – Allopurinol, Urodan, Orotic acid, Febuxostat, Peglothicase, Colchicine.
The last group of drugs directly affects the processes of synthesis and excretion of urates from the body. With their help, you can stop the production of urate and reduce the incidence of gout attacks.
Despite the good therapeutic effect, all of these drugs have a lot of contraindications, so it is not recommended to use them for gout of the legs without a doctor’s prescription. And uricodepressants also require an accurate dosage calculation, which only a specialist can do.
The treatment of foot gout involves the use of physiotherapeutic methods. To improve blood flow in the affected joints and reduce pain, the following procedures are prescribed:
- magnetic therapy;
- electrophoresis with analgesics;
- paraffin baths and ozokerite;
To restore the mobility of the joints with gout, massage and exercise therapy are practiced. Simple exercises activate blood circulation in the legs, reduce swelling and discomfort, strengthen muscles and improve trophic tissue.
Massage relieves muscle spasm and prevents the appearance of joint contracture. As a result, the gouty foot relaxes, normal gait is restored, pain in the back and lower back disappear.
A purine-free diet is recognized as one of the best treatments for gout on the legs. When joints are damaged, red meat, game, offal, acidic vegetables and fruits, sweets and yeast products, alcohol are excluded from food.
Fermented milk products, cereals, cucumbers, sweet peppers, potatoes, cabbage, zucchini and pumpkin are preferred. During remission, you can eat white poultry, rabbit meat and fish. A small amount of delicacies – marmalade or marshmallows – will not hurt.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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Phytotherapists offer tons of recipes for treating foot gout. Among them, the most effective and easiest to prepare is a cream from poplar buds. The raw materials are ground with petroleum jelly and applied to the inflamed joint to reduce pain.
An excellent analgesic effect for gout is given to the foot baths from medicinal herbs or sea salt. Hot water helps dissolve urates and facilitates their removal from the body, soothes pain and relaxes. Performing water procedures is recommended in the evening.
If conservative methods of therapy do not give the expected results and the risk of complications becomes apparent, they resort to surgical treatment of gout of the legs – remove the tofus, open the joint cavities and clear them of pus. In severe cases, endoprosthetics are used.
It is known that gout “loves” the big toe, so you should not wear narrow or stiff shoes that can injure the joint and impair blood circulation.
To protect yourself from gout of the legs, you must reconsider your previous lifestyle and taste preferences. Foods containing a high proportion of purine compounds should be excluded from food, alcohol and smoking should be abandoned. Compliance with a diet for joint health will not only reduce the concentration of sodium monurates, but also lead to a decrease in body weight.
With gout, the small joints of the legs are primarily affected, so you should pay special attention to maintaining them in a healthy condition – perform simple gymnastics for the feet daily, walk more, and engage in a simple sport.
Unfortunately, foot gout cannot be cured, but it can be controlled with diet, medication, and a healthy lifestyle. Exact compliance with the doctor’s prescriptions will minimize the frequency and strength of exacerbations.
Posted by: Elena Medvedeva, Doctor,
specially for Ortopediya.pro
Useful v > If the first symptoms appear, hurry to the doctor, do not delay the treatment
The patient is diagnosed with gout of the big toe if he feels painful symptoms, fever and swelling are observed. The inflammatory process developing in the joints gives the patient a lot of inconvenience and discomfort, so drug treatment is necessary. Therapy for exacerbation of the disease is preferably carried out stationary. If there is a disease, treatment should be carried out comprehensively by several methods. Therapy of a gouty attack has several goals: eliminating inflammation, restoring normal mobility. It is possible to cure gout on the legs if the prescription of drugs is done correctly and the treatment regimen corresponds to the patient’s condition.
Relieve inflammation and pain
Such a disease causes a strong inflammatory process in the joints, because of which the onset of pain begins. After laboratory research methods have confirmed the diagnosis, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to the patient. Painful symptoms also disappear if the disease is treated with NSAIDs. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the first few days after the onset of an acute attack of gout are taken in high dosages in order to stop the expressed symptoms. Then, the dose of medications is gradually reduced so that the pain does not return.
The following non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to patients:
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can quickly stop an attack of gout. They are also used if there are inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, but these drugs can not be abused. This method of treating the joints of the big toe can lead to serious side effects. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs cause nausea, vomiting, ulcers. It is not recommended to treat gout on the legs with Aspirin, since this remedy can change the level of uric acid and aggravate an attack of gout. NSAIDs are intended for internal use, but treatment with drugs is not limited to such, it is possible to use non-steroid drugs externally as ointments and creams.
Analgesics for ailment
Therapy is aimed at stopping painful signs, other symptoms of analgesics are not removed. Gout on the legs begins to pass if the patient follows the recommendations of doctors, follows the pattern of use of drugs. Attacks of pain can last from several days to a week, therefore, analgesics are prescribed to relieve the symptoms of the disease:
- “Ibuprofen” – 2 pills per day;
- “Voltaren” – 24 mg tablets 4 times a day, the duration of use – 14 days.
Treatment with pain medication can last up to 1 month. Medications are prescribed depending on the nature of the pain. It is impossible to treat the disease with analgesics during pregnancy, in childhood, and with individual hypersensitivity to the components of the drug. The painful symptoms of gouty arthritis will begin to pass faster if you observe bed rest, do not lift weights.
Ointments and creams against the disease
To treat the disease in the area of the big toe, elbow or elsewhere should be medications for external use. Ointments and creams can be used in addition to tablets and injections. If there is a disease in the joints, this treatment method helps to prolong remission. However, this method cannot be the only treatment. Ointments and creams prevent a new attack of the disease. Also, these drugs relieve swelling, inflammation, pain. How to cure gout?
For external use, the following drugs are used:
You can treat gout on your feet with Tiger Balm White. Chinese ointment is an excellent medicine for myalgia, which is typical for people who have been diagnosed with this disease. Ointments can be prepared at home. It is also possible to treat disease of the joint of the big toe with folk remedies after visiting a doctor. There are medicinal herbs that are incompatible with some drugs, so consulting a doctor is an integral part of treating a disease.
The use of uricosynthesis inhibitors
Drug treatment for gout is aimed at suppressing the synthesis of uric acid. Uricodepressants help cope with the disease and prevent complications. How to treat gout on the big toe? Acute attacks of the disease are treated with the following medications:
- “Allopurinol” is often used as a medicine for exacerbation of a gouty attack of the joint of the big toe, elbow and knee joints. The duration of joint treatment with this drug is determined by the attending physician. To treat gouty arthritis with Allopurinol, they start with 50 mg tablets per day, then the dosage is gradually increased to 400 mg per day.
- “Orotic acid.” This method of treating gout on the big toe is in the form of granules and tablets. A medicinal drug enhances the excretion of uric acid, therapy with “Orotic acid” lasts 20 days. Compared with this medicine, medicines such as Febuxostat, Allopurinol, Peglotikaza are more effective. Therefore, it is not worth using tablets of “Orotovy acid” for exacerbation of gout. This method of treatment should be used in the initial stages of the development of the disease. Also, therapy with this medication is prescribed if the patient is contraindicated in taking “Allopurinol” or with poor tolerance.
For gout on the legs, Tiopurinol is also used as a medicine. Currently, Ziloric and Hepatocatalase (a medicine from beef liver) are also prescribed for the elimination of uric acid for the treatment of chronic and acute attacks of gout.
Gout of the big toe is also treated with the use of uricosuric medications. Therapy of the disease is necessary with the help of these medicines. These gout medications are used to lower salt levels. Medications remove metabolic products that cause poisoning. Uricosuric drugs excrete uric acid through the kidneys along with urine, intended for internal use.
Treatment of gout with medications – choose effective drugs:
Home treatment is aimed at blocking uric acid crystals from settling in the joint tissues. From gout, “Colchicine” is prescribed most often. The use of such a medication is welcome in the presence of exacerbation of gout. During remission, treatment of the disease with this agent is not carried out. Medical treatment of gout with Colchicine can cause a large number of side effects.
How to treat gout – basic recommendations
Every 100 people suffer from gout, the disease affects mainly men over 40 years old. However, over the past few years, the number of patients with gout among women has increased. This is due to a change in the hormonal background during menopause, which contributes to the accumulation of acid salts in the blood.
Gout is a metabolic disease associated with impaired uric acid metabolism. In the body there is an increase in the concentration of uric acid compounds, which are deposited in the tissues of the joints in the form of sodium salt. The disease is chronic. The clinical picture is characterized by the formation of gouty nodes and manifests itself in the form of acute arthritis.
Most people wonder how to treat gout. The main thing is that the approach to the disease should be comprehensive and the patient responsibly implement all the recommendations of the attending physician.
Important! The treatment of gout depends on the stage of the disease (acute attack, the period between attacks, a chronic process).
Gout therapy is aimed at preventing an attack of arthritis, supporting measures between attacks and preventing repeated exacerbations of joint pain. In the treatment of the disease, 3 main goals are distinguished:
- the need for timely localization of an acute attack;
- prevention of a second attack;
- prevention of chronic gout.
A favorable outcome of the disease is possible with the joint efforts of the patient and the doctor. One of the key components of therapy is patient compliance with diet.
Diet as a treatment for gout
At the first sign of gout, diet is recommended. See also gout symptoms and treatment. Which consists in the exclusion of products that have an increased concentration of urates, it is necessary to limit the amount of salt consumed, as well as reduce the intake of proteins and fats.
The diet provides for abundant drinking of alkaline mineral water up to 2 liters per day to excrete uric acid from the body. It is also recommended to use a liquid in the form of herbal tea, freshly squeezed juice and berry fruit drinks. Vitamins should form the basis of the patient’s diet, so they need to be consumed in large quantities. It is necessary to give preference to fruits and vegetables both in raw and baked form. The food is fractional, in small portions, in the intervals between meals, drinking regimen.
Products and dishes that are recommended to be included in diet table No. 6:
- Bakery products – rye and wheat bread.
- Dietary varieties of poultry and meat (preferably in boiled form, exclude the use of pork and duck).
- Lean fish several times a week.
- Dairy and dairy products.
- Fats (refined and unrefined oil).
- Cereals in unlimited quantities.
- Vegetables in any form.
- Fruits and berries (preferably the use of orange and lemon).
- Drinks (mineral water, tea with lemon, cranberry juice, juices).
With gout, foods that can trigger an arthritis attack are prohibited:
- offal (tongue, liver, brain, kidney);
- smoked meat;
- canned fish;
- spicy and smoked fish;
- chocolate products;
- strong tea and coffee;
Important! Patients are prohibited from starvation, as it can lead to an increase in the concentration of urates in the body.
Medication for gout attacks
To treat an acute attack of gouty attack, colchicine, a colchicine drug, is used. This is an effective tool that inhibits the process of cell division. In diseases of the cardiovascular system, renal failure and impaired liver function, the dosage of colchicine is reduced by half of the initial dose.
The drug is administered according to the scheme:
- 1st day: the drug is administered orally at 0,001 grams.
- 2nd day: the drug is used at 1 mg, then the dose is reduced to 0,001 grams per day.
Colchicine can cause digestive complications: upset stools, nausea, and vomiting. With prolonged treatment, side effects are possible, which manifest themselves in the form of the development of leukopenia and anemia.
Also, for the relief of an attack of arthritis, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used, the list of which is quite wide today. Such drugs as Butadion, Ketazol, Indomethacin, Metindol are used. To prevent an acute attack of arthritis, drugs are used in large doses.
The use of glucocorticosteroids gives a good effect, drugs of this series are considered safer than non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Prednisolone – used for severe pain;
- Triamcyolone – relieves swelling and swelling from the affected joint;
- Fullflex – suppresses the inflammatory process;
- Diprospam, hydrocortisone – used for intraarticular administration.
Important signs for starting therapy:
- the presence of one attack of arthritis;
- reduction of intervals between attacks;
- increased concentration of urate in the blood.
With prolonged drug therapy, the drug Allopurinol is used. The medicine is used to reduce the level of uric acid salts in the body.
When gout is used local treatment with drugs:
- rubbing with anti-inflammatory ointments (Finalgel, Ortofen, Fastum gel, Indovazin, Voltaren);
- compresses with novocaine and dimexide;
- applications with a solution of 50% Dimexidum solution with the addition of Analgin or Novocaine.
During an exacerbation of the disease, it is recommended to limit physiotherapeutic procedures.
At an early stage of the disease, they use:
- phonophoresis with diphenhydramine, calcium;
- iontophoresis with lithium;
- massage of active points;
In the interictal period, gout is used:
Balneotherapy is carried out in patients between gouty attacks. It helps to improve metabolism and microcirculation, improves the structure and functional abilities of tissues, improves the supply of blood to affected joints. Under the influence of balneotherapy, the inflammatory process in the joints decreases, uric acid salts are excreted.
The use of radon baths promotes internal irradiation of the body, which leads to an improvement in the barrier functions of the liver and fat metabolism, and the metabolic processes of uric acid are normalized. Radon baths have anti-inflammatory and sedative effects on affected joints.
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The use of hydrogen sulfide baths inhibits the absorption of sodium salt, improves cartilage nutrition, and promotes regenerative processes in the tissues of the joint.
Sodium chloride baths affect the patient through the skin receptors. The positive effect is to improve the functioning of the urinary system, lowering the level of purines in the blood, contribute to the accelerated excretion of the final metabolic products from the body. Baths are prescribed 5 times a week.
Traditional methods of treatment
How to treat gout at home on the feet with folk methods – for this, decoctions and tinctures of medicinal herbs are used. The most common folk remedies is a decoction of chamomile flowers, a string and black elderberry.
- 2 teaspoons of horsetail poured a glass of boiling water, insist 2 hours. Before use, the infusion must be filtered, taken after meals.
- 2 teaspoons of chamomile flowers, 1 teaspoon of chopped black elderberry pour 250 ml of boiling water, stand for 0,5 hours. Use after meal.
- 1 teaspoon of the string, 1 teaspoon of pharmaceutical chamomile is boiled with boiling water, consumed in the form of tea.
Treatment of the disease with folk remedies will help normalize purine metabolism, reduce pain in the joints.
There are other folk remedies in the treatment of gout, which are available to everyone. A proven tool is tincture of iodine, in which 5 tablets of acetylsalicylic acid are dissolved in advance. The resulting liquid is applied to the affected joints at night, socks are put on top.
Effective folk remedies are the use of ice and lemon. Ice relieves pain in an acute attack of arthritis, reduces inflammation in the joint. It is necessary to apply ice to the affected area, you need to keep no more than 10-15 minutes.
Lemon helps neutralize uric acid, reduces the overall concentration of purine. Lemon juice is consumed 2-3 times a day for 1-2 teaspoons.
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Alternative methods of treatment should be monitored by the attending physician, who will be able to correct them in the absence of a therapeutic effect.
How to treat gout on the big toe: a remedy for joint inflammation
The disease affects the joints and is characterized by the accumulation of crystals of uric acid in cartilage. Often, gout appears as bones (tofuses) on the big toes. The accumulation of salts occurs as a result of a failure in the metabolic processes in the kidneys, so it is important to treat the disease in a comprehensive manner.
How to treat gout on the legs
It is impossible to completely cure the pathology, the only way out is to monitor the level of uric acid in the blood, which will help prevent gouty attacks accompanied by acute pain and other unpleasant symptoms. Drug treatment of the disease is aimed at eliminating the pain syndrome, reducing the production of uric acid and removing its excess from the blood. The doctor who established the diagnosis may prescribe a patient with gout several different drugs for the treatment of the disease.
The use of ointment cannot be the only way to combat the disease. The local medicine is supplemented with tablets or injections containing components that help prolong remission. Such complex therapy helps to eliminate inflammation and pain in the joints. In addition to tablets / injections, the following topical preparations may be used:
- Butadion. This ointment has a quick analgesic effect. In order for the therapeutic effect to appear, a patient with gout should apply Butadion to the big toe several times a day. In addition to reducing pain, the ointment is able to relieve swelling, so that the joint affected by arthritis becomes mobile again.
- Diclofenac. An ointment against gout relieves inflammation as soon as possible if you use it at least twice a day. Apply the product with massage movements, easily rubbing it into the affected area of the big toe.
- Fullflex. The medicine contains exclusively herbal components (herbal extracts), effectively treats inflammation of the joint of the big toe, removing swelling and pain. The main advantage of Fulflex is hypoallergenicity and the ability to use the drug simultaneously with any other medications for gout.
- Voltaren emulsifier. The ointment has a long analgesic effect and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Voltaren in a short time restores joint mobility, returning a person to working capacity. The drug belongs to the number of non-stero >
This disease is one of the chronic and more often develops in men. The first attack of gout occurs, as a rule, after reaching 40 years, while a person develops swelling in the affected joint. Exacerbation of the disease is accompanied by severe pain and redness of the skin. If you do not treat arthritis, the attack lasts from a couple of days to two to three weeks. Fatty foods, alcoholic beverages, caffeine, and other products with a high content of purine substances can provoke exacerbation of gout.
How to treat gout on the big toe? The main component of drug therapy, which is prescribed by the doctor, is taking pills, the choice of which is based on the individual characteristics of the patient and the severity of the disease. The doctor may prescribe to a patient with gout:
- Colchicine. The drug quickly stops gouty attacks and includes mainly plant components. Tablets regulate the solubility and migration of urates, which reduces the concentration of urea in the blood.
- Nemulex. Tablets are among the safest and most sparing drugs of the NSA >
How to treat gout on your legs promptly
If bones (tofuses) occur on the big toes, the patient can resort to surgical treatment of gout. Since no medication can remove the accumulation of urea crystals, some patients decide on a surgical procedure. Nevertheless, the operation is not the best solution to the problem, since tofuses are not rarely formed again after a certain time.
How to treat gout on the big toe with surgery? During the operation, the doctor:
- cuts out bones on the patient’s legs;
- fixes them with plates or screws;
- sutures the skin and after 15-20 days removes the seams.
Modern surgery uses methods that reduce the risk of injury to the patient to a minimum. During the operation, the doctor changes the angle between the phalanges of the thumb, moving the tendons and creating the correct shape of the leg. At the same time, a person is allowed to walk the very next day after the intervention, and after another 2 days he is discharged. Crutches or gypsum after surgery are not required, but the patient should wear special shoes.
Another type of surgical intervention is also gaining popularity – laser bone removal. The advantages of this method of treating gout, localized on the toes, are:
- minimal invasiveness (in contrast to the usual operation, the laser does not cut off the protruding parts, but carefully polishes them);
- high speed of the procedure;
- faster process of restoring joint mobility.
Physiotherapeutic treatment of cones on the big toe
Physiotherapeutic methods are used to improve blood circulation in the area of the joint affected by gout, reduce pain and stimulate the regeneration of damaged tissues. If the joint of the big toe with gout hurts, the following procedures will help:
- Magnetotherapy. Low-frequency magnetic pulses of different durations, shapes and periodicities activate blood circulation, promote lymph flow, improve tissue repair, and reduce pain.
- Electrophoresis Under the influence of current, uric ac >
- Tincture of lingonberry leaves. It is necessary to fill in 20 g of greens with 250 ml of boiling water, and after an hour strain the liqu >
How to treat gout on the legs with a diet
In addition to taking medications, proper nutrition plays an important role in treating the disease. The patient is shown 4-fold eating food in small portions and at equal time intervals (that is, it is highly desirable to observe a diet). People with gout who are overweight need to slowly reduce their daily calorie intake.
An important point is the consumption of a large amount of liquid. The recommended norm for an adult with joint disease is 3 liters, while you can drink in addition to water homemade compote, fruit drinks, kvass, fresh juices, jelly. The following products are excluded from the patient’s diet:
- strong tea;
- oily fish / meat;
- seasonings, especially salt.
Learn how to treat gout with other methods.
Olga, 44 years old. Folk remedies for gout on my toes help me. I consider the most effective baths with soap and sea salt. I do them with an exacerbation of the disease, soaking my feet in soapy water for twenty minutes daily. Another good effect from pain and inflammation is given by medical bile, which needs to lubricate the bones on the legs two to three times a day.
Anatoly, 56 years. If you follow a diet, there are practically no exacerbations. My remissions last for 2-3 years, while I even manage to forget about gout. During relapses, I use painkillers such as Diclofenac, I rarely resort to taking pills – if my body temperature rises and chills begin, but this happens every 5-6 years.
Dmitry, 38 years old I try not to deviate from the diet, I drink Borjomi to alkalize blood, sometimes I take physiotherapy courses to avoid exacerbations of gout. The disease started recently, but it is better not to encounter such severe pains, so I prefer preventative measures to therapeutic ones, but when I need Colchicine, tablets help for 1-2 days.
Symptoms and methods of treating gout on the legs
Description and causes
Gout should be understood as rheumatoid arthrosis. Gout of the big toe affects the corresponding joint, causing severe pain during exacerbations.
This disease is a consequence of metabolic disorders in the body. Arthrosis in this case provokes the accumulation of uric acid in the joint. It is the end product of the vital functions of cells. In the case of an increase in its concentration in the body, uric acid is only partially excreted by the kidneys, accumulating in the joints. Here it crystallizes. The result is inflammation and aching pain. The most common gout of the foot and thumb.
The following factors can lead to the development of the disease:
- the kidneys do not cope with the function of excretion of urine;
- the presence of pathology of the kidneys themselves;
- human abuse of alcohol, meat products and fish. They contain many purines. Uric acid is formed by the breakdown of purines;
- the presence of diabetes;
- genetic predisposition;
- joint injuries;
- excessive physical exertion;
- infectious diseases (e.g. flu).
Gout of the toes and hands has similar symptoms, which you must know in order to start treatment on time. Knowing what gout is, it will make it much easier.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
With gout on the legs or arms, the disease is identified by two main signs:
- gouty node – is formed on the site of the affected joint;
- bouts of pain. These symptoms of the disease appear suddenly. Usually the pain appears at night.
If you do not fight the disease, then the pain progresses. A burgundy swelling appears at the site of the affected joint. Body temperature may also increase.
These symptoms develop both on the leg and on the arm. It is worth noting that the symptoms of a gouty attack can have varying degrees of manifestation.
If the above symptoms are observed, immediate medical advice is needed. Otherwise, it will be much harder to fight gout.
To cure the pathology, a diagnosis of the big toe is performed. Treatment depends on the results of the diagnosis. First, the doctor conducts an examination of the affected limb to make an anamnesis and determine a list of additional tests.
To make an accurate diagnosis, an X-ray of the foot is performed. It allows you to identify growths on the toes. However, in the early stages of the disease, this method is not determined.
Clinical studies are also underway. Urinalysis is especially important, which will reveal an excess of uric acid. In addition, a clinical blood test is taken, uric acid clearance is determined. The average clearance is about 9.1 ml-min.
Based on the diagnostic data and laboratory tests, the attending physician determines the patient’s nutrition with gout, and also prescribes medications to relieve pain and eliminate the inflammatory process near the affected joint. The patient alone cannot decide what to do in the presence of this disease. After all, he can easily inflict additional damage on his health. Only a specialist knows how to cure gout on his feet in each case. After all, often an individual character is characteristic of a disease (for example, body temperature may not increase).
Gout on the legs has a complex treatment that involves the use of a variety of medications. How to treat a gouty attack is determined by the attending physician. Gout is usually treated with the following drugs:
Also, with gout of the thumb, ointments are prescribed that allow you to remove inflammation from the affected joint. How exactly the disease on the legs is treated, only the doctor decides. After all, steroid hormones (Diprospan, etc.), for example, have a lot of side effects and are prescribed only for severe illness. Therefore, an intraarticular route of administration is used here.
Of course, in the network you can easily find the answer to the query “how to get rid of gout.” But the correctness of such an answer is doubtful. After all, medicines often do not combine with each other. Their rash reception can seriously damage health. For example, it is forbidden to take salicylates, since they provoke the synthesis of uric acid.
Another method of treatment involves the use of traditional medicine. But here you also need to know how to treat gout with folk remedies. After all, not all infusions will be effective against the disease.
Alternative treatment involves the use of external and internal use. Usually tinctures from oak bark, chamomile, string, nettle and needles are drunk.
You need to be careful, since folk remedies in the process of their preparation require exact adherence to the recipe. It is also necessary to clearly understand which tincture can be used internally and which to treat the surface of the inflamed joint.
It is worth noting that folk remedies for gout can only eliminate pain. No need to believe the statements “I completely got rid of the disease with tincture of oak bark.” This disease is not treated. Here you can only prevent the appearance of pain in the joint.
Of great importance for the recovery of the patient is his proper nutrition with gout. Therefore, the doctor always prescribes a diet when this ailment is detected. The diet in this case involves the complete exclusion of products that can provoke the accumulation of uric acid in the body: alcohol, meat, fish, smoked meats, pickles, etc.
The gout diet includes eating vegetables and dairy products. You also need to drink plenty of water in order to increase the excretion of uric acid from the body in a natural way.
Gout is a serious illness. Therefore, it is important to know how to treat gout on the big toe so that severe pain does not appear.
Video “How to treat gout”
In this issue, Elena Malysheva will talk about what gout is and how to effectively treat it.