Swelling of the joints on the fingers

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Drug treatment

If the joints of the hands swell and swell, then conservative methods of therapy can be used. Medications eliminate the inflammatory reaction, stop pain and swelling. The table shows the popular drugs that are prescribed for pathological manifestations:

Лекарственная группаНаименование
NSAIDsCelecoxib
Diclofenac
Nimesil
Chondroprotective drugs“Don”
Teraflex
Hypersensitizing drugsSuprastin
Loratadine
Fenkarol
Muscle relaxantsMidokalm
Painkillers“Analgin”
Ketonal
Ketolong

Small edema is best treated with local drugs that have fewer contraindications and less likely to cause adverse reactions. These include creams, ointments, gels, sprays.

Therapeutic gymnastics and massage

If the finger on the arm is swollen, then an exercise therapy complex, which the doctor selects, is required. Such treatment can improve the condition of the interphalangeal joints. Gymnastics is performed carefully, and when pain occurs, it immediately stops. No less important are massage procedures that reduce swelling and muscle spasm.

Physiotherapy

With swelling of the joints on the arm, it is recommended to carry out physiotherapeutic treatment, including such manipulations:

  • phonophoresis
  • electrophoresis with drugs
  • laser treatment
  • magnetic therapy
  • paraffin therapy
  • balneotherapy.

When is surgery required?

If the joint on the finger is swollen and nothing can be done using conservative methods, then surgical intervention is required. Surgery is prescribed in case of severe injuries, with rupture of soft tissues and the accumulation of a large amount of blood fluid. The surgeon performs osteosynthesis, puncture with a cavity washing with an antiseptic, after which the tissues are sutured.

Joints on the fingers swell: causes and what to do

The ability to move fingers is necessary for any person in everyday life. As a young person, few think about the ailments associated with the fingers. However, people after 30-35 years old often have a problem with swollen joints on their fingers.

When the joints lose their mobility or even cease to function, a person can no longer make the usual movements and becomes limited in capabilities. However, the last decade, this problem is increasingly observed in young people. This is due to the constant activity at the computer or playing sports.

There are quite a lot of reasons for this pathology, however, treatment of this disease should be started immediately, since the joints of the fingers are easily deformed and subsequently it will be impossible to fix it.

Causes

There are several causes of swollen joints on the fingers:

  1. Injury. After too much stress on the hands or injuries, swelling of the joints is possible. Edema occurs with such types of injuries as: dislocations, bruises, sprains, rupture of ligaments, fractures. Tumors can appear after falling on the hands or a strong blow of the palm of a hand clenched into a fist. Tumors can also appear after a lot of physical activity using hands, for example, if a person played tennis or badminton. Micro-injuries can occur when typing texts on the keyboard or when writing large texts with a pen.
  2. Rheumato >

Diagnostics

If you see a tumor on the fingers, you should immediately contact a therapist who will refer you to one of the following specialists:

Then, any of these doctors will conduct an examination and ask questions about the time that has passed since the first symptoms appeared and about the pain you are experiencing. These questions will help your doctor determine the severity of the disease. After the examination, the doctor may prescribe the following procedures:

  1. Blood test.
  2. Analysis of urine.
  3. Blood chemistry.
  4. Radiography.
  5. CT scan.
  6. Magnetic resonance imaging.
  7. Electrocardiogram.

If the doctor still has questions, he can hospitalize you for a deeper examination.

Treatment

After receiving data during the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe treatment. When treating, several methods are used at once, namely:

  • Drug treatment.
  • Therapeutic physical training and massage.
  • Physiotherapy.
  • Surgical treatment.

Treatment with medicines

This technique allows you to eliminate pain, stop the development of the disease or even get rid of it. The most commonly used drugs are: Aspirin, Nimesulide, Paracetamol, Memantal, Bepiplan, L-lysine escinate.

After removing the pain, you can replace these drugs with ointments, creams, balms. For serious diseases, drugs such as:

  • Antibiotics are used if the tumor is caused by bacterial infections.
  • Hormonal drugs are used for rheumato >

Before using any drugs, be sure to consult a doctor.

Physiotherapy and massage

To improve the condition of the joints, you can do regular physical exercises after consulting with your doctor. If the pain during exercise is too strong, then various ointments and balms are used. Massage improves the flow of blood to the affected joint, which helps to quickly relieve swelling.

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is used for injuries, gout, or arthrosis. Procedures are applied after the main treatment.

Surgical intervention

Sometimes the only suitable method to completely get rid of the pathology is surgery. With severe injuries or a large accumulation of blood in the affected area, punctures are used (rinsing the cavities with a special solution);

First aid

If you notice a tumor on the fingers, then prepare a solution of Dimexidum or other anti-inflammatory gel and apply a gauze bandage with it on the affected area. Carefully follow the instructions so as not to get a burn.

Why is the joint on the finger swollen, what to do in this case?

Joint diseases are a common pathology among middle-aged and older people. Most of these diseases are accompanied by reduced performance, pain and discomfort, and often cosmetic defects. Moreover, in some cases it is rather difficult to treat these conditions. A particular nuisance is the damage to the joints of the fingers of the hands, in which they swell, become inactive and can hardly cope with their physiological functions.

What to do if swollen finger

First of all, you need to determine the cause of this symptom. An increase in the finger in volume can be a sign of many, including infectious, diseases. Proper diagnosis is the key to competent and timely treatment, which will forget about the problem, if not forever, then for a long time.

Symptoms and signs

If the finger of the brush is swollen, then the presence or absence of other symptoms should be determined before a visit to the doctor.

First of all, you need to assess the degree of damage. In some diseases, only one finger is affected (for example, with panaritium), while in others, both hands are involved (as in rheumatoid arthritis). You should also examine your fingers for the symmetry of the pathological process. If the fingers of both hands are swollen, then this most likely indicates the autoimmune, systemic nature of the disease.

It is important to determine what exactly caused the increase in finger volume. Most often, this is associated with edema resulting from the inflammatory process in the interphalangeal joints. You can establish the presence of edema with a simple test – put a ring of the usual size on your finger. If it turned out to be small, then this reliably indicates the presence of pathological changes in the tissues of the finger.

See if your finger turns red? This is one of the main symptoms of inflammation of the tissues of the joint – arthritis, which can be observed with rheumatological diseases and infectious diseases. The finger can swell without reddening of the skin during deforming osteoarthritis, but the role of autoimmune processes in this case cannot be ruled out.

As a rule, swelling of the finger is accompanied by a violation of its functions. It becomes stiff, often it can not even be bent, not to mention to perform some more complex movements. By the way, diseases of the joints of the fingers are often detected by musicians – not only because their fingers are loaded, but also because they monitor the slightest change in their function.

Finally, the most important symptom, the presence of which must be determined, is pain and other unpleasant sensations in the finger. In most cases, they are available, although they can be of varying degrees of severity and intensity. For some autoimmune diseases, a change in the strength of painful sensations during the day is characteristic: patients experience the most excruciating pain and stiffness in movements in the morning. Typically, by midday, joint mobility improves and pain decreases.

Why do the joints on the fingers hurt and swell

Rheumatoid arthritis

The first thing to think about if your fingers are swollen is rheumatoid arthritis. In this disease, the small joints of the hands and feet are symmetrically affected, but larger joints may also be involved. Typical morning stiffness and pain, which disappears during the day, when patients more or less “developed” the joints. Sometimes small knots form on the fingers, which can become inflamed and even open with the release of pus (nodules of Heberden and Bouchard).

Another common cause of swollen fingers is gout. This disease is caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the tissues of the joint. The disease is characterized by a long course, and its most important feature is gouty attacks, or attacks, with the following symptoms:

  • Suddenly unbearable pain in the joint.
  • The joint area increases in volume, movements in it are significantly reduced or completely impossible.
  • The skin over the joint is tense, glossy, acquires a color from pale pink to intense red, with a bluish tint.

Pyrophosphate Arthropathy

A rare cause of swelling of the fingers is pyrophosphate arthropathy. It is not completely clear why this disease occurs, but it is mainly associated with hemochromatosis, a pathological condition in which iron accumulates in organs and tissues. Pyrophosphate arthropathy can occur acutely in the form of seizures resembling gout (pseudogout), as well as chronically with a picture of protracted arthritis (pseudo-osteoarthritis).

Deforming osteoarthrosis

Degenerative diseases, among which the most important is deforming osteoarthritis, can also lead to an increase in the fingers in the volume. The disease proceeds for a long time and is characterized by symmetrical damage to the joints, the development of stiffness, and a change in their shape. Acute conditions for osteoarthritis are uncharacteristic. With the appearance of sudden pain, swelling and redness of the joint, arthritis should be suspected.

Infectious Arthritis

A large group of joint diseases are infectious arthritis. Any bacterial or viral infection, even a common SARS, if treated incorrectly, can lead to complications from the joints. However, there are several diseases for which arthritis and arthropathy are the leading symptoms:

  • Pseudotuberculosis. A long-running disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia Pseudotuberculosis. It is characterized by a protracted course with abdominal pain, a scarlet fever-like rash, and redness of the skin of the face, neck, hands and feet. Pseudotuberculosis is characterized by the development of symmetrical arthritis of the small joints of the hands, which are manifested by their swelling, redness and decreased mobility. Infection can occur when consuming vegetables from the store if they have had contact with mice or their excrement. Rodents are the reservoir of this disease.
  • Brucellosis. This infectious disease, caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella, is often found in people who work with cattle and small cattle, including veterinarians. The disease proceeds for a long time with high body temperature, damage to the musculoskeletal system (including joints of the hands), leads to infertility and mental disorders. It is quite difficult to treat brucellosis, and even against the background of powerful therapy, it is not always possible to achieve a full recovery.
  • Borreliosis This infectious disease is transmitted by ixodid ticks and manifests itself in a wide variety of symptoms – from meningitis and myocarditis to lesions of the skin and blood vessels. Lyme arthritis is a specific manifestation of borreliosis that develops weeks and months after the bite of an infected tick. It is manifested by chronic arthritis, accompanied by pain in the joints, their edema, redness, progressive stiffness.

This means that each tick removed must also be checked for borreliosis, and if you were told that no encephalitis was detected, it’s too early to calm down.

Medications

The joints of the hands may swell due to the use of certain medications. Numerous cases of palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, a frequent complication that occurs against the background of some chemotherapy regimens, are described. Redness of the palms and soles, swelling of the fingers and a decrease in their mobility are observed. Sensitive disturbances in the form of itching, burning, tingling and numbness in the affected area are characteristic.

Why go to a doctor

If there is swelling of the fingers, you need to contact a rheumatologist or therapist. At the reception, the doctor will clarify the complaints, collect an anamnesis, conduct a thorough examination of the fingers and prescribe the necessary studies:

  • General blood test (with arthritis there is an increase in ESR, sometimes leukocytosis).
  • Biochemical blood test (to determine the severity of the inflammatory process, as well as to search for specific causes of edema).
  • Radiography of the hands (determination of the degree of damage to the joints) and other studies.

Additionally, the doctor can prescribe instrumental methods of research, for example, an ECG to assess the nature of cardiac activity, since many processes, for example, rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis, can occur with myocardial damage.

The prognosis of the disease depends on its stage, cause and timeliness of seeking medical help. With rheumatological diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, gout, pyrophosphate arthropathy), against the background of prolonged conservative treatment, excellent results can be achieved. Full antibiotic therapy for infectious arthritis in most cases provides a complete cure. The sooner you begin to treat the disease, the faster recovery will come.

Why is the joint on the finger swollen, what to do in this case?

Joint diseases are a common pathology among middle-aged and older people. Most of these diseases are accompanied by reduced performance, pain and discomfort, and often cosmetic defects. Moreover, in some cases it is rather difficult to treat these conditions. A particular nuisance is the damage to the joints of the fingers of the hands, in which they swell, become inactive and can hardly cope with their physiological functions.

What to do if swollen finger

First of all, you need to determine the cause of this symptom. An increase in the finger in volume can be a sign of many, including infectious, diseases. Proper diagnosis is the key to competent and timely treatment, which will forget about the problem, if not forever, then for a long time.

Symptoms and signs

If the finger of the brush is swollen, then the presence or absence of other symptoms should be determined before a visit to the doctor.

First of all, you need to assess the degree of damage. In some diseases, only one finger is affected (for example, with panaritium), while in others, both hands are involved (as in rheumatoid arthritis). You should also examine your fingers for the symmetry of the pathological process. If the fingers of both hands are swollen, then this most likely indicates the autoimmune, systemic nature of the disease.

It is important to determine what exactly caused the increase in finger volume. Most often, this is associated with edema resulting from the inflammatory process in the interphalangeal joints. You can establish the presence of edema with a simple test – put a ring of the usual size on your finger. If it turned out to be small, then this reliably indicates the presence of pathological changes in the tissues of the finger.

See if your finger turns red? This is one of the main symptoms of inflammation of the tissues of the joint – arthritis, which can be observed with rheumatological diseases and infectious diseases. The finger can swell without reddening of the skin during deforming osteoarthritis, but the role of autoimmune processes in this case cannot be ruled out.

As a rule, swelling of the finger is accompanied by a violation of its functions. It becomes stiff, often it can not even be bent, not to mention to perform some more complex movements. By the way, diseases of the joints of the fingers are often detected by musicians – not only because their fingers are loaded, but also because they monitor the slightest change in their function.

Finally, the most important symptom, the presence of which must be determined, is pain and other unpleasant sensations in the finger. In most cases, they are available, although they can be of varying degrees of severity and intensity. For some autoimmune diseases, a change in the strength of painful sensations during the day is characteristic: patients experience the most excruciating pain and stiffness in movements in the morning. Typically, by midday, joint mobility improves and pain decreases.

Why do the joints on the fingers hurt and swell

Rheumatoid arthritis

The first thing to think about if your fingers are swollen is rheumatoid arthritis. In this disease, the small joints of the hands and feet are symmetrically affected, but larger joints may also be involved. Typical morning stiffness and pain, which disappears during the day, when patients more or less “developed” the joints. Sometimes small knots form on the fingers, which can become inflamed and even open with the release of pus (nodules of Heberden and Bouchard).

Another common cause of swollen fingers is gout. This disease is caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the tissues of the joint. The disease is characterized by a long course, and its most important feature is gouty attacks, or attacks, with the following symptoms:

  • Suddenly unbearable pain in the joint.
  • The joint area increases in volume, movements in it are significantly reduced or completely impossible.
  • The skin over the joint is tense, glossy, acquires a color from pale pink to intense red, with a bluish tint.

Pyrophosphate Arthropathy

A rare cause of swelling of the fingers is pyrophosphate arthropathy. It is not completely clear why this disease occurs, but it is mainly associated with hemochromatosis, a pathological condition in which iron accumulates in organs and tissues. Pyrophosphate arthropathy can occur acutely in the form of seizures resembling gout (pseudogout), as well as chronically with a picture of protracted arthritis (pseudo-osteoarthritis).

Deforming osteoarthrosis

Degenerative diseases, among which the most important is deforming osteoarthritis, can also lead to an increase in the fingers in the volume. The disease proceeds for a long time and is characterized by symmetrical damage to the joints, the development of stiffness, and a change in their shape. Acute conditions for osteoarthritis are uncharacteristic. With the appearance of sudden pain, swelling and redness of the joint, arthritis should be suspected.

Infectious Arthritis

A large group of joint diseases are infectious arthritis. Any bacterial or viral infection, even a common SARS, if treated incorrectly, can lead to complications from the joints. However, there are several diseases for which arthritis and arthropathy are the leading symptoms:

  • Pseudotuberculosis. A long-running disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia Pseudotuberculosis. It is characterized by a protracted course with abdominal pain, a scarlet fever-like rash, and redness of the skin of the face, neck, hands and feet. Pseudotuberculosis is characterized by the development of symmetrical arthritis of the small joints of the hands, which are manifested by their swelling, redness and decreased mobility. Infection can occur when consuming vegetables from the store if they have had contact with mice or their excrement. Rodents are the reservoir of this disease.
  • Brucellosis. This infectious disease, caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella, is often found in people who work with cattle and small cattle, including veterinarians. The disease proceeds for a long time with high body temperature, damage to the musculoskeletal system (including joints of the hands), leads to infertility and mental disorders. It is quite difficult to treat brucellosis, and even against the background of powerful therapy, it is not always possible to achieve a full recovery.
  • Borreliosis This infectious disease is transmitted by ixodid ticks and manifests itself in a wide variety of symptoms – from meningitis and myocarditis to lesions of the skin and blood vessels. Lyme arthritis is a specific manifestation of borreliosis that develops weeks and months after the bite of an infected tick. It is manifested by chronic arthritis, accompanied by pain in the joints, their edema, redness, progressive stiffness.

This means that each tick removed must also be checked for borreliosis, and if you were told that no encephalitis was detected, it’s too early to calm down.

Medications

The joints of the hands may swell due to the use of certain medications. Numerous cases of palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, a frequent complication that occurs against the background of some chemotherapy regimens, are described. Redness of the palms and soles, swelling of the fingers and a decrease in their mobility are observed. Sensitive disturbances in the form of itching, burning, tingling and numbness in the affected area are characteristic.

Why go to a doctor

If there is swelling of the fingers, you need to contact a rheumatologist or therapist. At the reception, the doctor will clarify the complaints, collect an anamnesis, conduct a thorough examination of the fingers and prescribe the necessary studies:

  • General blood test (with arthritis there is an increase in ESR, sometimes leukocytosis).
  • Biochemical blood test (to determine the severity of the inflammatory process, as well as to search for specific causes of edema).
  • Radiography of the hands (determination of the degree of damage to the joints) and other studies.

Additionally, the doctor can prescribe instrumental methods of research, for example, an ECG to assess the nature of cardiac activity, since many processes, for example, rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis, can occur with myocardial damage.

The prognosis of the disease depends on its stage, cause and timeliness of seeking medical help. With rheumatological diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, gout, pyrophosphate arthropathy), against the background of prolonged conservative treatment, excellent results can be achieved. Full antibiotic therapy for infectious arthritis in most cases provides a complete cure. The sooner you begin to treat the disease, the faster recovery will come.

Joints on the fingers hurt and swell: treatment methods

Joint pathology occupies a leading position among all diseases of the skeleton. This is due to the fact that the mobile joints of the bones are very often subject to various adverse effects, in particular, increased load. Everyday life of a person is not complete without physical activity, which means that the condition of the joints is of paramount importance to everyone.

Often you can meet people who have sore fingers. If such a symptom becomes almost constant, then significant restrictions arise in domestic and professional activities, because the function of the hand plays a special role in human life. Finger problems make patients look for ways to improve their condition. You can only find out what to do in such a situation by contacting a doctor. He will determine the origin of the symptoms and form an optimal treatment program.

Causes

When the finger swells or the joints of the hands hurt, you first need to find out what triggered this phenomenon. The search for reasons must be given priority at the stage of diagnosis, since all other measures will depend on this. Most often, fingers and joints of the hands can be affected in the following conditions:

  • Arthritis (rheumatoid, rheumatic, gouty, with systemic diseases of the connective tissue).
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Injuries (bruises, sprains, fractures).
  • Inflammation of the finger (felon).

Many diseases occur against the background of metabolic and metabolic disorders in the body, which affect the state of the articular apparatus. Quite often, changes in the fingers arise in people engaged in manual labor: computer scientists, pianists, seamstresses, etc. The task of the doctor is to differentiate the possible pathology in order to establish the only correct diagnosis.

If your fingers hurt, then you need to establish the cause of this symptom. This helps the formation of a complete clinical picture of the disease.

Symptoms

To make an assumption about a particular pathology, it is necessary to determine what symptoms a particular patient has. The first step is identifying complaints. Patients, as a rule, indicate those signs that most concern them, sometimes forgetting about other manifestations. Pain comes in first place, acquiring certain features:

  • Aching, stitching, shooting, pulling.
  • Affecting multiple joints or one finger.
  • Permanent or intermittent.
  • Moderate, weak or severe.
  • Long or short term.

Basically, the pain intensifies when performing some kind of manual work, can remain at rest, noted at night. When it comes to a specific disease, other symptoms appear that should be addressed.

Arthritis

Inflammatory changes in the small joints of the hand can have a different origin. Not always they are provoked by infectious agents – much more often metabolic, immune and vascular factors are involved in the process. In this case, there will be phenomena of polyarthritis, when several joints of the hands hurt, and not one finger. If a rheumatoid process is expected, then such characteristic features are observed:

  1. Symmetry of the lesion.
  2. Stiffness in the fingers in the morning for more than half an hour.
  3. Rheumatoid nodules over joints.
  4. Specific deformities of brushes (in the form of walrus fins, buttonholes, button loops).
  5. Sometimes skin rashes appear.

With systemic lupus erythematosus, along with the fingers, larger joints are also affected: knee, ankle, and wrist. Then there is a bright hyperemia on the face or a symptom of a “butterfly”, vascular changes (reticular livedo), kidneys (lupus nephritis), heart (endocarditis) are affected.

The fingers also hurt with gout, when an excess of uric acid accumulates in the body. In this case, the following symptoms are noticeable:

  • Acute arthritis of the big toe.
  • Tofus – deposition of salts under the skin (in the area of ​​the auricles, elbows, hands, eyelids).
  • Urate kidney stones.

At the same time, any arthritis is manifested by local signs of inflammation, which include redness, increased skin temperature, swelling and impaired function. Pain is observed with lateral squeezing of the hand, active and passive movements are limited.

If the fingers are sore, you should consider the possibility of polyarthritis. Its origin can be judged by additional features.

Osteoarthritis

Often the cause of joint pain in the area of ​​the hand becomes arthrosis. This disease has a degenerative nature and affects not only the cartilage, but also the underlying bone, tendons, ligaments and muscles. Although older people are more likely to suffer, even young people are not at risk of joint changes. Osteoarthrosis is manifested by such symptoms:

  1. Crunch and friction in the fingers.
  2. Stiffness in the hand, which lasts no more than 30 minutes.
  3. Joint deformities (Heberden and Bouchard nodules), “spindle-shaped” fingers.
  4. Decreased motor activity.

Therefore, when the joints swell in people whose work is associated with manual labor, this process lasts gradually, but there are no signs of active inflammation, you need to think about osteoarthritis.

Injuries

Fingers of the hands are often subject to traumatic effects, which happens in domestic or sports conditions. Joints can hurt when bruises, dislocations, sprains, muscle breaks or fractures. If one finger is damaged, then the symptoms will be local. Pain in the affected area is noted, abrasions or bruising are noticeable. Dislocations are accompanied by severe joint deformation, forced position of the finger. Sometimes combined injuries with open wounds, bleeding are observed. Then there may be general signs – pallor of the skin, weakness, increased heart rate.

Felon

If the finger turned red and sore, then surgical pathology should be excluded. It may develop due to infection. Then purulent inflammation of the tissues develops, which is called panaritium. There are several varieties of the disease, depending on the affected tissue: cutaneous, near- and subungual, articular, tendon, bone. Most often, the following symptoms appear:

  1. Severe throbbing and pulling pains in the finger.
  2. The skin is red, shiny, tense, its temperature is elevated.
  3. Soft tissues are swollen, painful on palpation.
  4. You can see an accumulation of pus.
  5. The body temperature rises.
  6. There is a general weakness, malaise.

Panaritium needs to be treated in a timely manner, since everything can result in amputation and even a risk to life.

Treatment

Once the correct diagnosis is established, it is necessary to develop the optimal therapeutic tactics. Only a doctor can tell the patient what to do with a particular disease. Do not take any actions yourself – this can lead to complications or other undesirable consequences. Given the clinical situation, conservative or surgical techniques are used.

Medication Therapy

Any disease begins to be treated with the use of medications. Modern drugs are highly effective and well tolerated, with their action they can cover various links of pathology. Based on the diagnosis, patients are recommended to take the following drugs:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (Larfix, Dicloberl).
  • Antibiotics (Augmentin, Cefaxon).
  • Detoxification (Reopoliglyukin, Hemodez).
  • Chondroprotectors (Teraflex, Don).
  • Calcium preparations.

With rheumatoid arthritis or lupus erythematosus, the use of glucocorticoids or cytostatics will be required, in case of an increase in uric acid – antigout preparations. In any case, the doctor will prescribe the specific drug.

Drug therapy is carried out in accordance with generally accepted recommendations and treatment standards.

Physiotherapy

With osteoarthritis and chronic arthritis, a course of physiotherapy is indicated. They improve the condition of tissues, enhance blood circulation, accelerate regeneration. In combination with medications, such methods will contribute to recovery:

  1. Electrophoresis.
  2. Laser therapy
  3. Wave treatment.
  4. Magnetotherapy.
  5. Paraffin treatment.
  6. Balneotherapy.

It should be remembered that with the acute nature of the inflammatory process, especially in the presence of pus, many physiotherapy procedures are contraindicated.

Physiotherapy

Conservative therapy of arthritis and arthrosis is not complete without physiotherapy exercises. It is also indicated in the complex of rehabilitation measures after injuries and joint operations. Use special exercises to develop the brush and individual fingers. They are performed during the period of remission, when there are no acute manifestations of the disease. At the same time, the intensity of gymnastics is gradually increasing, and classes are combined with massage elements.

Operation

Some diseases have to be treated with surgical methods. Surgery is indicated for panaritiums, severe injuries. Depending on the evidence, pus is evacuated, bleeding is stopped, damaged tissue is sutured. For fractures, elements of osteosynthesis and postoperative immobilization may be required.

When the finger on the hand hurts or the joints of the hand are worried, you first need to find out what causes these symptoms. This will require a consultation with a doctor, who will determine what to do with a revealed pathology.

Why is the joint on the finger swollen?

It so happens that the joint on the finger is swollen. How dangerous is this? What consequences can this entail? What to do to eliminate the tumor? There are many questions, and they are all relevant.

Why do joints on the fingers swell?

In addition to the joints of the fingers, other parts of the human skeletal system can also swell: groin, wrist, knees. However, in this case we are talking about the joints of the fingers. The reasons for which the joints of the fingers can swell are not too many, but you need to know about them. It is necessary to treat swollen joints. So, what can cause joint swelling on the fingers?
The first reason is arthritis. Arthritis is acute and chronic. The chronic variant mostly occurs in older people, especially those who have been engaged in hard physical work all their lives, spent a lot of time in the cold, did not take care of their hands, and suffered viral or infectious diseases.
Chronic arthritis does not develop immediately, but over a long time. Fingers gradually become inflexible, lose their shape, hurt, swelling forms, especially when it is cold or the weather changes.
As for acute arthritis, it can be in people of any age, starting from children and ending with older people. The main (and only) reason why acute arthritis, a viral or infectious disease (flu, tonsillitis, etc.) can develop. The mechanism of the appearance of tumors in infectious diseases is quite simple: viruses penetrate the joints of the fingers and infect them.
For the most part, acute arthritis appears 1-2 weeks after the person who caught the flu or tonsillitis, it would seem, has already recovered. Suddenly, and for no apparent reason, the fingers in the joints begin to hurt, and such pain is usually very severe. The finger itself swells, blushes, goes numb, starts to move poorly. The pain becomes stronger when the patient tries to move a finger.
Both chronic and acute arthritis can be accompanied by fever, malaise, weakness, and headache.
The second reason is arthrosis. Previously, people over 50 years old only suffered from arthrosis, but recently, young people suffer from arthrosis. The reasons lie in a hereditary predisposition, finger injuries, metabolic disorders in the body, endocrine diseases.
The mechanism of arthrosis disease in general terms looks like this. The cartilage located between the bones of the fingers begins to break down. Such cartilage is needed so that the joints of the fingers, touching, easily slide and cushion, without touching each other and without causing each other unpleasant sensations. Due to the destruction of this cartilage, a tumor forms in the joints of the fingers. First, the phalanges of the fingers begin to hurt, then the phalanx of the thumb. Then the fingers become almost motionless, they hurt when they are moved, they swell more and more. It happens that sensitivity is lost in the whole hand.
And here it is important to start treatment on time, otherwise the process can develop into a chronic one. Sometimes there is almost complete immobility of the fingers.

What else can be the cause of edema?

Other possible factors:

It so happens that a person received a finger injury while playing sports, at work, at home (this can be a fracture, dislocation or severe injury). An injured finger swells instantly, begins to hurt greatly, swells, hemorrhage in internal tissues may occur.

It happens that the finger swells even when an open wound is formed on it: a cut, a bite, etc. An infection penetrates into the open wound, and the finger swells. And not only swells, but also a purulent abscess forms on it. Such swelling can be dangerous, especially when the wound is deep or a finger has bitten an animal.

  1. Syndrome of “troubled fingers”.

Such a syndrome is most often observed in those people who, due to their professional duties, make the same finger movements for a long time. With long, uniform movements, ligaments and tendons become inflamed. This inflammation then moves to the joints of the fingers, causing them to swell and swell.

This is a rare reason, but it is worth considering. When the joints of the fingers begin to respond to any allergic irritant, not only the joints themselves, but also the entire finger swell, itching occurs in the hands, swelling of the eyelids and the entire face can occur, the skin turns red, a rash appears on it.

It also happens that a person took a walk, did some physical work, noticed towards the evening: he had a swollen joint on his finger. What is the matter? The cause of edema in this case is that there was a malfunction in the work of the heart or kidneys, because the person that day moved a lot and energetically.
However, such edema cannot be considered true. A person accumulates fluid in the joints, and it becomes difficult for him to move his fingers. Usually, such a pseudotumor disappears without a trace during the night.

How to treat a tumor on a finger joint?

It is very important to remember that it is only necessary to treat such tumors under the supervision of a doctor. It is dangerous to self-medicate. The fact is that it is difficult to independently distinguish arthritis from arthrosis, but meanwhile, the methods of treating these diseases are different. However, there are methods that with a swelling of the joints of the fingers need to be applied before consulting a doctor:

  1. If the joint is swollen due to injury, you can make a cold compress and try to move the swollen finger as little as possible, and at the same time with the whole hand.
  2. If the joint is inflamed for reasons other than trauma, it is recommended to lubricate it with an anti-inflammatory ointment: voltaren, nurofen, nimul >You can conduct alternative treatment before applying for medical help.
    For example, prepare a special bath containing eucalyptus, sandalwood or calendula oil, etc. Any essential oil is applicable. Stir a few drops of essential oil in a small amount of warm water and lower the swollen finger there. After 15-20 minutes, the pain will decrease.

You can chop the onion to a pulp condition and attach it to the swollen joint.

For this purpose, you can also apply fresh cabbage leaf, crushed before the formation of juice, to the swollen joint. By the way, such procedures can be done daily. They relieve pain and swelling very well.
Daily rubbing with fir oil is good for tumors of the joints of the fingers.

It must be remembered that all these funds, with all their effectiveness and affordability, can bring only partial relief, and only for a short time. You can be cured of the disease only by contacting a doctor.

Shishkevich Vladimir

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews. It specializes in the treatment of diseases in orthopedic, traumatological, vertebrological profiles

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