Spondylarthrosis, grade 2, what is it

Like other types of arthrosis, spondylarthrosis for several years can be asymptomatic. Soreness and slight stiffness of movements are felt after sleep, but soon pass. Also, after a prolonged stay in one position, aching pains occur, and with a sudden change in position – sharp pains, which are described by the word cross. Usually a person attributes these manifestations to fatigue, hypothermia, an attack of radiculitis. Often spondylarthrosis develops against the background of osteochondrosis – degenerative-dystrophic changes in the articular joints, and the symptoms of these ailments are mixed.

It is customary to distinguish 4 stages of spondylarthrosis, in accordance with the symptoms prevailing at each stage, they are sometimes called asymptomatic, painful, radiculitis and non-extensible. As the name implies, pronounced pains appear in the 2 stages, but the limitation of mobility is still moderate and short.

If you make a diagnosis in time and start complex treatment, spondylarthrosis can be slowed down for a long time at stage 1. But usually the disease progresses and after a few years goes into stage 2, which is manifested by more pronounced symptoms:

  • in the mornings immediately after the patient wakes up, quite intense pains that last a long time do not bother;
  • inclinations, a change in body position is accompanied by acute pain;
  • if arthrosis is accompanied by an inflammatory process, periodic colic-like pains occur;
  • stiffness occurs in the affected spine, most often in the cervical or lumbar, but it can be overcome by performing special exercises;
  • soft tissues in the spine swell.

This condition causes significant discomfort, leads to a decrease in the quality of life and makes you consult a doctor. However, some patients are pulled up to stage 3 spondylarthrosis, when the pain becomes unbearable, the mobility of the spine is severely limited, the patient often takes forced postures, his gait, and the nature of his movements change.

What happens in the body?

Spondylarthrosis begins with a change in the physicochemical characteristics of the articular cartilage. They lose moisture, get insufficient nutrients, become rough, less elastic, begin to thin out. Jointed bones – the upper and lower articular processes of the vertebrae – are pressed closer to each other, friction occurs between them, which is accompanied by pain. To avoid pain, a person reduces the range of motion, tries not to bend the spine in the affected area.

At stage 2, in addition to the cartilage and the (subchondral) bone directly in contact with it, other structures are involved – the joint capsule, ligaments, muscles, nerves, and blood vessels. In case of spondylarthrosis of the 2nd degree, the cartilage is partially destroyed, necrotization of its fragments occurs, the articular surfaces of the vertebral processes are exposed in places, and the friction between them increases. In order to protect against increased load, bone tissue is compacted and forms spike-like growths – osteophytes. Because of this, the vertebrae are displaced, there is an infringement of the spinal roots, which causes constant aching and periodic sharp pains. Also, displacement of the vertebrae (spondylolisthesis) leads to stenosis (narrowing) of the spinal canal and compression of the spinal cord.

The pain in the morning is associated with the pressure of the hard mattress on the spinous processes and through them on the nerve fibers. If the compression of the nerve endings becomes persistent, pain can be eliminated only with medical methods. But at 3 stages, pain relief does not help, decompression is necessary surgically. In cervical spondylarthrosis, displaced vertebrae can partially squeeze the artery. As a result, the blood supply to the brain is disturbed with all the ensuing consequences: dizziness, headaches, fainting, tinnitus, impaired intellectual function.

The ligaments attached to the joints hypertrophy to compensate for the increased mobility of the vertebrae. Spondyloarthrosis is often accompanied by spasm of the tonic muscles. Spasmodic muscle secrets substances, at high concentrations of which pain receptors are activated. Pain syndrome provokes a spasm of neighboring muscles. The components of collapsing cartilage enter the joint capsule, irritate its internal (synovial) membrane, cause its inflammation and change in the composition of the synovial fluid, spondylarthrosis is complicated by synovitis. As a result of contact with a pathologically altered fluid, cartilage is destroyed even faster, inflammation is manifested by acute pain, swelling, and redness of the skin.

X-ray signs

To establish the degree of spondylarthrosis, a specialist rheumatologist, vertebrologist or arthrologist specifies under what circumstances pain occurs, how soon it passes, whether the pain worries at night and how long the morning stiffness lasts. He also examines the patient, feels the spine, asks to perform certain movements. But on the basis of clinical symptoms alone, it is impossible to make an accurate diagnosis, radiography is necessary.

Spondylarthrosis of the 1st degree in the picture can not always be recognized, narrowing of the joint space and a decrease in the height of the joints are practically not traced. Therefore, perform functional radiography in positions when the spine is maximally bent and maximally bent. In this position, it is noticeable that the location of the vertebrae does not correspond to the anatomical norm. White shadows may also be visible on the articular sites, indicating a densification of the subchondral bone.

At stage 2, the radiological signs of spondylarthrosis are more pronounced:

  • a marked decrease in the height of the joint space;
  • visible growths of non-functional connective tissue in the subchondral region, further development of osteosclerosis;
  • marginal bone growths appear, articular processes lengthen;
  • clearance decreases and the shape of the intervertebral foramen changes;
  • vertebral displacement within 5 mm is observed.

In some cases, an x-ray reveals cysts inside the subchondral tissue and foreign bodies in the joint capsule, but these signs are not required. The image also reveals spinal stenosis.

Estimating the height of the gap between the facet joints is much more difficult than between the joints of the limbs. Therefore, with spondylarthrosis (facet syndrome), you need to take a picture in oblique projections. Computed tomography is even more informative. What it is? This diagnostic method also uses penetrating x-rays, but the organ is scanned using a multislice detector. It turns out the image in the form of layer-by-layer slicing, the thickness of the cut can be varied.

Treatment

If spondylarthrosis has reached a pain stage, then treatment begins with the relief of pain. Massage and physiotherapy will not help, the most effective pharmacopuncture is the injection of an anesthetic, anti-inflammatory drug using a syringe with a thin needle directly into the lesion.

Depending on the intensity of the pain, they resort to such methods:

  • oral administration and topical application of NSAIDs (Diclofenac, Indomethacin, Nimesulide);
  • blockade by anesthetics (novocaine, lidocaine);
  • intraarticular injections of hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs (Hydrocortisone, Kenalog);
  • with muscle cramps, muscle relaxants are prescribed.

In parallel with the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, treatment is carried out aimed at protecting cartilage from destruction, improving tissue nutrition, metabolic processes, and the passage of nerve impulses. Assign:

  • chondroprotectors in various forms, tablets and injections are more effective;
  • enzymes;
  • B vitamins

After acute pain has been stopped, massage, manual therapy, and physiotherapeutic procedures are prescribed. Exercise therapy is shown, but the specialist should select a set of exercises individually. Loads should be gentle, but they are necessary to overcome the limitation of mobility and normalize muscle tone.

Spondylarthrosis of the 2nd degree is accompanied by intense pain. They are due to a combination of reasons: friction of the bare bone processes of the vertebrae, compression of the nerve roots, muscle spasm, inflammation of the joint capsule. But the pain at this stage is still amenable to medical relief, and exercises and therapeutic procedures help to overcome the stiffness of movements.

In the absence of adequate treatment, spondylarthrosis quickly passes into the 3-4 stage, when only surgery can relieve excruciating pains.

Symptoms, methods of treatment of spondylarthrosis 1 and 2 degrees

Spinal arthrosis, or spondylarthrosis, is a degenerative disease of the facet joints of the spinal column with the destruction of cartilage. Depending on the clinical picture, specialists distinguish 4 degrees of pathology; it is easy to guess that 1 degree is the most sparing.

Reasons for the development of spondylarthrosis

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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First degree

The first degree of spondylarthrosis can develop due to the action of the following factors:

  • Injuries to the back and spine are the most common cause of the development of the disease.
  • Congenital malformations of the spinal column.
  • Genetic disorders in the synthesis of collagen fibers, which are the main component of cartilage tissue.
  • Constant loads on the spine, sedentary work, poor posture – all these factors lead to chronic microtrauma of the vertebral joints.
  • Age-related changes in the joints.
  • Obesity and overweight, creating a constant load on the spinal column.
  • Diseases leading to the destruction of cartilage (osteochondrosis, rheumatoid arthritis).
  • Diseases of the endocrine system and autoimmune diseases leading to disruption of metabolic processes in the body and, as a result, to the destruction of cartilage tissue (diabetes, thyroid disease, systemic lupus erythematosus).

Second degree

The cause of grade 2 spondylarthrosis is untreated grade 1. Usually, it is possible to diagnose spondylarthrosis in just 2 stages, since at first the disease can be almost asymptomatic.

Especially often the clinical symptoms of spondylarthrosis of the thoracic spine are not manifested. It may not make itself felt even up to the third stage inclusively, and earlier it is most often possible to identify it only by chance, when diagnosing other diseases.

The main symptoms and signs

First degree

With a 1 degree of spondylarthrosis, the symptoms of the disease are expressed implicitly, and sometimes completely invisible.

  • Basically, these are back pains, most often in the mornings: for some time after waking up, a person experiences stiffness in movements due to pain in the affected part of the spine.
  • Also, due to the pain syndrome, there is a limitation of mobility during a long static position – for example, after a long sitting in one position.
  • Another sign of spondylarthrosis may be the so-called “backache” – a sudden sharp pain in the back with bending or abrupt change of position.

All these symptoms are due to the fact that the cartilage tissue of the joints is gradually abraded, and the articular ligaments lose their elasticity.

Second degree

At the 2 stages of the disease, the symptoms become more pronounced:

  • Acute pain with a sharp change in body position or after sleep, which does not stop for a long time.
  • A feeling of stiffness in the affected spine, which can be eliminated by performing physical exercises.
  • Soft tissue edema in the affected area.

Usually, patients go to the doctor at precisely 2 stages, when the symptoms become apparent and begin to cause significant discomfort.

Therapies

First degree

If the disease can be detected at stage 1, two methods will be sufficient for treatment: massage and physiotherapy exercises. Professional massage and a set of exercises individually compiled by a rehabilitologist, performed regularly, will help maintain joint mobility and prevent their further destruction.

In some cases, the doctor prescribes chondroprotectors to protect the cartilage of the joint and maintain its sufficient elasticity.

Second degree

If the disease is detected at 2 stages, when pain and discomfort are much more pronounced – only massage and exercise therapy will not be enough.

In this case, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are added to the treatment program to relieve pain, inflammation and swelling of the tissues. The patient must be prescribed chondroprotectors, physiotherapy courses are recommended. Muscle relaxants are used to relieve muscle spasm.

At stage 2, it is first necessary to remove the pain syndrome and inflammation, and only then can other treatment methods be applied. That is, first, the patient is prescribed a course of medications, and after him the rest of the methods are used.

With both degrees of spondylarthrosis, it is advisable to take a complex of B vitamins to maintain the elasticity of the cartilage tissue and articular ligaments.

Symptoms, methods of treatment of spondylarthrosis 1 and 2 degrees

Spinal arthrosis, or spondylarthrosis, is a degenerative disease of the facet joints of the spinal column with the destruction of cartilage. Depending on the clinical picture, specialists distinguish 4 degrees of pathology; it is easy to guess that 1 degree is the most sparing.

Reasons for the development of spondylarthrosis

First degree

The first degree of spondylarthrosis can develop due to the action of the following factors:

  • Injuries to the back and spine are the most common cause of the development of the disease.
  • Congenital malformations of the spinal column.
  • Genetic disorders in the synthesis of collagen fibers, which are the main component of cartilage tissue.
  • Constant loads on the spine, sedentary work, poor posture – all these factors lead to chronic microtrauma of the vertebral joints.
  • Age-related changes in the joints.
  • Obesity and overweight, creating a constant load on the spinal column.
  • Diseases leading to the destruction of cartilage (osteochondrosis, rheumatoid arthritis).
  • Diseases of the endocrine system and autoimmune diseases leading to disruption of metabolic processes in the body and, as a result, to the destruction of cartilage tissue (diabetes, thyroid disease, systemic lupus erythematosus).

Second degree

The cause of grade 2 spondylarthrosis is untreated grade 1. Usually, it is possible to diagnose spondylarthrosis in just 2 stages, since at first the disease can be almost asymptomatic.

Especially often the clinical symptoms of spondylarthrosis of the thoracic spine are not manifested. It may not make itself felt even up to the third stage inclusively, and earlier it is most often possible to identify it only by chance, when diagnosing other diseases.

The main symptoms and signs

First degree

With a 1 degree of spondylarthrosis, the symptoms of the disease are expressed implicitly, and sometimes completely invisible.

  • Basically, these are back pains, most often in the mornings: for some time after waking up, a person experiences stiffness in movements due to pain in the affected part of the spine.
  • Also, due to the pain syndrome, there is a limitation of mobility during a long static position – for example, after a long sitting in one position.
  • Another sign of spondylarthrosis may be the so-called “backache” – a sudden sharp pain in the back with bending or abrupt change of position.

All these symptoms are due to the fact that the cartilage tissue of the joints is gradually abraded, and the articular ligaments lose their elasticity.

Second degree

At the 2 stages of the disease, the symptoms become more pronounced:

  • Acute pain with a sharp change in body position or after sleep, which does not stop for a long time.
  • A feeling of stiffness in the affected spine, which can be eliminated by performing physical exercises.
  • Soft tissue edema in the affected area.

Usually, patients go to the doctor at precisely 2 stages, when the symptoms become apparent and begin to cause significant discomfort.

Therapies

First degree

If the disease can be detected at stage 1, two methods will be sufficient for treatment: massage and physiotherapy exercises. Professional massage and a set of exercises individually compiled by a rehabilitologist, performed regularly, will help maintain joint mobility and prevent their further destruction.

In some cases, the doctor prescribes chondroprotectors to protect the cartilage of the joint and maintain its sufficient elasticity.

Second degree

If the disease is detected at 2 stages, when pain and discomfort are much more pronounced – only massage and exercise therapy will not be enough.

In this case, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are added to the treatment program to relieve pain, inflammation and swelling of the tissues. The patient must be prescribed chondroprotectors, physiotherapy courses are recommended. Muscle relaxants are used to relieve muscle spasm.

At stage 2, it is first necessary to remove the pain syndrome and inflammation, and only then can other treatment methods be applied. That is, first, the patient is prescribed a course of medications, and after him the rest of the methods are used.

With both degrees of spondylarthrosis, it is advisable to take a complex of B vitamins to maintain the elasticity of the cartilage tissue and articular ligaments.

Symptoms, methods of treatment of spondylarthrosis 1 and 2 degrees

Spondylarthrosis is one of the varieties of osteoarthrosis, in which violations of the joints of the spine are observed. At the initial stage, there is a loss of elasticity of the articular cartilage and its thinning. Subsequently, the lesion passes to adjacent bones, which contributes to the development of spine-shaped growths.

Depending on the affected area of ​​the spine, spondylarthrosis is divided into cervical, thoracic and lumbar.

Symptoms of the disease

Symptoms are divided into 2 degrees.

I degree. At this stage, symptoms may be felt to a small extent or not at all.

The following symptoms are noted:

  • for the most part, these are painful manifestations in the back. Observed in the early morning: after sleep, the patient is a little constrained in movements, this is due to pain in the damaged part of the spine;
  • difficulties in performing movements after a long stay in a stationary state;
  • the occurrence of unexpected acute pain in the back with a rapid change in body position.

Symptoms occur due to cartilage damage and decreased elasticity of the ligaments of the joints.

II degree. By the time the second stage of the disease sets in, there is a clear increase in the signs of pain.

The following symptoms stand out:

  • the occurrence of acute pain during a rapid change in body position or immediately after waking up. Duration is quite long;
  • stiffness in the problematic part of the spine;
  • swelling of soft tissues in the affected area.

According to statistics, patients begin to consult with specialists with distinct manifestations of pain. And this is the second stage of spondylarthrosis.

Treatment of spondylarthrosis

Depending on the degree of the disease, the treatment is different.

First degree. If a disease is detected at the first stage, the course of therapy will include massage and recreational physical education in a light form. Acupressure and a set of physical exercises selected by a specialist can prevent the destruction of the cartilage joint.

As prescribed by the doctor, medications can be used to maintain and protect the joint tissue and its elasticity.

Second degree. If the disease is not detected in the early stages, the onset of deterioration occurs. At this stage, increased pain and a feeling of constant discomfort are manifested.

Enhanced drugs are already being used to treat the patient. Their effect helps to relieve pain, inflammatory reactions and swelling of the tissue.

The main task of the doctor is to reduce the pain attack of the patient. Then proceed to further treatment.

The use of vitamin B is recommended for any degree of spondylarthrosis. This leads to an increase in the elasticity of cartilage and articular ligaments.

Specialists usually apply the following methods:

  • therapy aimed at the focus of the inflammatory process. Used with a clear manifestation of pain;
  • muscle relaxants of central action when observing muscle ailments;
  • chondroprotectors. A remedy that prevents the destruction of cartilage tissue;
  • acupuncture. With this method, the introduction of needles into the body in a certain sequence;
  • traction therapy. This procedure is carried out in order to stretch the spine to a normal position;
  • recreational physical education of light impact;
  • physiotherapy. In most cases, it is prescribed to people of advanced age;
  • as a supplement, therapeutic plasters are used.

In situations where the above methods do not contribute to the improvement of the patient’s condition, it is necessary to carry out surgical intervention.

Home Treatment

Many are self-medicating at home. Sometimes this leads to the proper effect and relieves inflammation. Among the known methods include:

  • the use of various compresses that contribute to the warming of the affected area;
  • applying special plasters;
  • applying various ointments of their own manufacture to the affected area;
  • to warm the inflamed parts of the body, a dog wool belt is used;
  • bathing with turpentine or to relieve stress with various herbal preparations.

Conclusion

Treatment of spondylarthrosis is best started at the first stage of the disease. Then the patient will not experience severe pain and will be able to cope with the disease faster. In the second stage, you need to take all the prescribed medications and follow the doctor’s recommendations with accuracy so as not to bring the condition to surgery.

What is spondylarthrosis of the 2nd degree: symptoms and treatment of the spine

Spondylarthrosis or arthrosis of the spine is a degenerative-dystrophic disease of facet joints in which cartilage tissue is destroyed.

In medical practice, pathology is classified into 4 degrees. This separation is due to the clinical picture of spondylarthrosis.

Spondylarthrosis of the 1st degree – causes and symptoms

The first degree of spondylarthrosis is the easiest and can be triggered by the following factors:

  1. Injuries to the back, or rather the vertebral section – this reason is the most common.
  2. Congenital malformations of the spine.
  3. Age-related changes in the joints.
  4. Genetic disorders in the formation of collagen fibers, which are the main “building material” of cartilage tissue.
  5. Overweight (obesity) – this condition of the body creates an additional constant load on the spine.
  6. Sedentary lifestyle, poor posture, sedentary work – these factors lead to frequent microtrauma of the vertebral joints.
  7. Diseases resulting in the destruction of cartilage (rheumato >Symptoms of spondylarthrosis of the 1st degree are unexpressed, and often completely absent. Most often, back pain occurs in the morning. Immediately after waking up, the patient feels some stiffness in the affected part of the spinal column.

With a long static position (in a sitting position), a pain syndrome also occurs, which limits the mobility of the spine.

“Backache” – such a phenomenon for spondylarthrosis is typical. It manifests itself in a sudden sharp pain in the back, provoked by an inclination or a change in posture.

These symptoms are evidence that a degenerative-dystrophic process develops in the cartilaginous tissue, its abrasion occurs, and the ligamentous apparatus loses its elasticity.

Spondylarthrosis 2 degrees

Spondylarthrosis of the 2nd degree is the result of untreated arthrosis of the spine of the 1st degree. It is at stage 2 that it is already possible to diagnose a disease, since at the beginning of its development, pathology can proceed almost asymptomatically.

The most difficult to detect spondylarthrosis of the thoracic region. This form of the disease makes itself felt only at 3 stages. Early diagnosis of arthrosis of the spine in the thoracic region is possible only by chance, when examined for other diseases.

Spondylarthrosis of the 2nd degree has more pronounced symptoms:

  • sharp, ongoing pain after waking up or with a sharp change in body position;
  • a feeling of stiffness in a certain section of the spinal column, which is eliminated by performing physical exercises;
  • swelling of soft tissues in the affected area.

Spondylarthrosis of the 2nd degree most often forces the patient to consult a doctor. At this stage, the symptoms of pathology become apparent and cause significant discomfort to the person.

How to treat spondylarthrosis

Spondylarthrosis of the 1st degree can be treated with two methods – massage and physiotherapy. Massage performed by a professional, and a complex of exercise therapy, compiled by a rheumatologist, are the main measures that, when performed regularly, guarantee joint mobility. To protect and restore cartilage, the doctor often prescribes a course of chondoprotectors.

Spondylarthrosis of the 2nd degree is characterized by vivid symptoms and in this case massage and a complex of therapeutic exercises for spondylarthrosis is no longer enough. At this stage of the disease, a course of treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is prescribed that will relieve pain, inflammation and swelling of the tissues.

Chondoprotectors, as therapeutic methods, must be present. The patient is shown physiotherapeutic procedures. Taking muscle relaxants will help relieve muscle spasm.

Spondylarthrosis of the 2nd degree initially requires the removal of pain and the inflammatory process. All other therapeutic measures are prescribed only after pain and inflammation have been defeated.

With spondylarthrosis, it is necessary to take a complex of vitamins B. This measure guarantees the preservation of elasticity in the cartilage tissue and in the ligamentous apparatus.

How to determine the degree of spondylarthrosis and when to see a doctor?

In total, there are 4 degrees of spondylarthrosis. The first and second are reversible. They can be slowed down with timely diagnosis. Treatment will take place at minimal cost, if you choose the right physical exercises and massage. At the third stage, surgical intervention is necessary – the pain can not be removed with drugs, it is more difficult to restore the spine.

The fourth stage is irreversible and critical. At this stage, the changes are life-threatening. It leads to processes that cannot be fixed. Even surgery is dangerous.

The disease is divided into such stages:

  • Stage 1 – asymptomatic;
  • Stage 2 – pain;
  • Stage 3 – radiculitis;
  • Stage 4 – non-extensible.

1 degree of spondylarthrosis

The first stage is called asymptomatic because it most often passes unnoticed by humans. To any symptom, pain, back discomfort, tingling, he responds with an excuse: “I just worked too hard.” A person does a light workout, rubs his back muscles, and the pain goes away. Therefore, it is very rare among patients who applied to the clinic, there are people with the first stage.

Spondylarthrosis of the 1st degree has the following main manifestations:

  • discomfort when moving and bending, especially if the patient has been motionless for a long time (often for people with sedentary work – office employees, drivers, etc.);
  • sharp point pain, which is called “backache” (during sharp turns, weight lifting);
  • back pain that appears after getting up from bed or long immobility (the back goes numb and the pain is localized precisely at the site of development of spondylarthrosis).

In the spinal column, the following changes begin:

  • the joints begin to lose moisture and wear out. This is due to a violation in the cartilage of metabolism, it does not receive a sufficient amount of nutrients;
  • movement between the vertebrae is minimized;
  • the elasticity of the ligaments decreases.

If you notice the pathology in time and prescribe medical procedures (massage and exercise therapy), then it will be possible to minimize the intervention, and the disease will not go further than 1 degree for a long time. Even regular morning exercises and gymnastics will help.

2 degree of spondylarthrosis

In most cases, patients seek help only in the second stage, since it acquires severe pain symptoms. For this, the second stage got its name – “pain”.

At this stage, there is a displacement of the vertebrae, which pinch the nerve fibers emerging from the spinal cord. This is accompanied by pain. It is also divided into several types: periodic (against the background of inflammation), aching and sharp (during bends).

Spondylarthrosis of the 2nd degree differs in such symptoms:

  1. Acute pain that occurs after sleep. During sleep, the body relaxes, the muscles lose their tone a little and do not hold the vertebrae. A hard mattress presses on the sick vertebrae, and their displacement occurs. Therefore, in the morning, when a person gets up, he feels a sharp pain where the displacement occurred (nerve fibers are pinched).
  2. Acute pain during exertion after a long state of rest.
  3. In the place of the pathology, soft tissue swelling occurs.
  4. There is a feeling of stiffness, passing after exercise, warming up. But even these methods are short-term – pain and stiffness will soon return, causing a person to feel uncomfortable.

In the cartilage of joints, changes begin at the physical and chemical levels. Nutrients are poorly absorbed, nutrition is disturbed, they actively lose moisture. The surface of the joints becomes dry and rough, elasticity and resilience decrease, they become thinner and wear out. Cartilage also begins to partially collapse. Some parts of the bone tissue of the vertebra are exposed, friction increases and spiky growths – osteophytes – appear.

Due to the appearance of growths, the vertebrae are displaced and pinched by the nerve processes. The spinal canal narrows a little and the spinal cord is compressed.

Therefore, processes are accompanied by various types of pain. Such changes in the spinal column lead to the fact that a person begins to limit his physical activity, tries not to strain his back once again and not to make sudden movements.

Pain at this stage only physical education and massages will not be removed. Only medication will help.

3 degree of spondylarthrosis

It arises if you do not pay due attention to the treatment of the previous two. The pain is caused by spondylolisthesis – a displacement of the vertebrae, continuing from the last stage.

Symptoms of the third stage of the disease are the same as with radiculitis. The patient is forced to be in a certain position, as in other poses there is acute pain.

One of the main characteristics of spondylolisthesis is a constant localized burning pain in the affected area of ​​the spine. Sensations appear as the muscles strain, spasm sets in.

The third stage is very dangerous, leading to serious and serious complications. So, if cervical vertebrae suddenly appear, this will lead to partial compression of the artery. Consequently, the blood supply to the brain will be impaired. The patient appears fainting, dizziness, headaches and persistent tinnitus. Frequent differences in intracranial pressure also occur.

Also, spondylarthrosis of the 3rd degree can cause complications:

  • spasm of adjacent and tonic muscles appearing due to severe pain;
  • hypertrophy of ligaments adjacent to the joint;
  • painful synovitis caused by destroyed cartilage penetrating the joint capsule;
  • acute pain, swelling, inflammation and redness of the skin occur.

At the third stage, pain can no longer be removed with medication, only the intervention of the surgeon will help.

4 degree of spondylarthrosis

This stage is the most neglected and difficult. Complications are irreversible. This stage is called “unbendable” because the vertebrae are fused, the movement stops and the spine freezes in one position. This brings a lot of inconvenience, pain and problems. Often the disease affects the entire vertebral sections.

From each vertebra, in all parts of the spine, nerve fibers exit. They are responsible for the innervation of internal organs, in other words – for their normal performance. And when there is a global infringement of the nerves, their functions are violated, which causes a lot of additional diseases. If spondylarthrosis affects the thoracic region, then there are diseases of the heart (arrhythmia), lungs (respiratory failure, shortness of breath), spasm of the intercostal muscles. The defeat of the lumbar causes a huge number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as the female and male genitourinary system. Separate nerve fibers innervate the limbs. In severe cases, changes lead to paralysis.

The fourth degree of the disease can not always be cured by surgery. Very often, surgery can be dangerous – there is a risk of hurt the spinal cord. The consequences of the fourth degree of the disease are very deplorable. Therefore, it is very important that a person seeks help at the initial stage.

Shishkevich Vladimir

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews. It specializes in the treatment of diseases in orthopedic, traumatological, vertebrological profiles

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