The doctor is responsible for the choice of therapy for deforming arthrosis of the knee based on the severity of the disease. Self-medication for this disease is unacceptable.
Treatment of deforming osteoarthritis of the knee is often medication, but it is effective in combination with therapeutic exercises, massage, and diet. For the treatment period, it is important to ensure complete peace for the deformed joint.
To achieve a therapeutic effect, it is important to eliminate the cause of the disease and provoking factors before therapy.
Treatment of osteoarthrosis of the knee joint of the 2nd degree can be medication, but the last stage is treated only with surgery.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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Preparations for arthrosis:
- NSAIDs. Remedies relieve inflammation and pain. Effective Nimesil, Movalis. You can drink pills, give injections or use ointments with the same names. Drugs should not be used for more than 2 weeks.
- Chondroprotectors. Without these drugs can not be dispensed with in the treatment of deforming arthrosis of the knee joints. Arthron or Chondroitin is suitable.
Some drugs are injected into the joint cavity. In particular, hormonal agents, chondroprotectors and hyaluronic acid are administered as injections.
An important component of effective treatment are physiotherapeutic procedures. Deforming osteoarthritis of the knee joint (DOA) is treated with laser and magnetotherapy, ultrasound, ozokerite and UHF. Knee massage is effective, but it cannot be used in the acute stage.
Physical therapy is carried out in the walls of the hospital or at home. Its goal is to strengthen muscles, restore blood circulation and normal joint mobility.
The loads on the affected joint increase gradually, but the set of exercises should be repeated 2-3 times a day. After gymnastics, lie down for 40 minutes.
Very useful for osteoarthritis swimming.
Deforming osteoarthrosis of the knee joint is a serious disease, so traditional medicine does not always cure it. The likelihood of complications is high. The most effective medications.
- a compress with horseradish at night;
- table salt with honey (1 tbsp. l. of each ingredient) on the knee;
- pork fat in the form of a cream;
- ointment based on mustard, salt (200 g each) and paraffin.
You can make foot baths or lotions with medicinal herbs that have anti-inflammatory effects.
Dietary nutrition involves eating foods high in omega-3 fatty acids and chondroitin. You need to eat a lot of seafood (salmon fish, shrimp, crab), seaweed, lean meat, mainly poultry, as well as fresh vegetables, fruits and herbs.
It is necessary to refuse spicy, salty and fried foods. It is important not to overeat, so as not to gain extra pounds.
Complications of osteoarthritis are severe constant pain in the knee, complete loss of joint mobility, which makes the patient invalid, as well as valgus or varus curvature of the legs. The lower limbs take the form of the letter “O” or “X”.
- reduce physical activity on the limbs;
- daily exercise;
- get rid of excess weight;
- follow a diet;
- to refuse from bad habits;
- avoid knee injuries.
For the prevention of age-related changes in articular joints after 40 years, chondroprotectors should be taken.
Do not despair with a diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee. Treatment should be started immediately, otherwise the consequences will be irreversible.