The disease lends itself well to cure, the main thing is to seek help in time and follow all the doctor’s recommendations.
Can I do sports during treatment? For the period of therapy and rehabilitation, you need to forget about sports, you must avoid any overload of the joint. Treatment for Schlatter’s disease will be effective only if lifestyle changes. Mandatory medical gymnastics and dieting. It is necessary to take multivitamin complexes.
Schlatter’s disease of the knee joint can be treated conservatively or operatively. The last technique is resorted to only in case of complications.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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Schlatter’s disease in children and adolescents can go away on their own, without treatment. Therapy is needed only with the development of complications:
- the transition of the disease to the chronic stage, when the symptoms persist even after the end of skeletal growth;
- the formation of a bump on the knee, which does not absorb and delivers pain during walking;
- significant swelling of the knee joint.
Therapy depends on the degree of development of Schlatter’s disease. Treatment may be limited to using a bandage or elastic bandage to fix the knee. You may need to wear a corset to immobilize your limbs.
With severe pain, it is necessary to use anti-inflammatory and analgesic ointments, for example, Diclofenac.
A good effect in the treatment of the disease is given by physiotherapeutic procedures:
- ultrasound therapy;
- laser therapy;
- thermal procedures – heating with paraffin, ozokerite;
- shock wave therapy;
The course of physiotherapy procedures is 3-6 months.
During treatment, patients need to limit the load on the diseased knee joint. You cannot run, jump, squat or kneel. Swimming is allowed in the pool.
Children under 14 years of age are contraindicated.
Treatment of the disease in adults is similar to that of children. It is necessary to wear a bandage, as well as attend physiotherapy. If there is no effectiveness from conservative therapy, then surgical intervention is indicated.
The operation is performed using an endoscope. In the postoperative period, the patient should wear a bandage, engage in exercise therapy and attend physiotherapeutic procedures.
Therapy with folk remedies can be an addition to the main course, but not the basis of treatment.
You can cure Schlatter at home by wearing a bandage, heating with mud and paraffin, as well as oil compresses. They need to be done at night. You can use sunflower or olive oil, warm it and apply on a cloth. Then apply a compress to the sore spot, wrap in cellophane and wrap it with a warm towel.
Herbal compresses will help get rid of pain and swelling. For cooking, pour boiling water for 5 tbsp. l comfrey and black root roots, insist 12 hours. Put the compress overnight.
To increase the effectiveness of therapy, you need to drink a rosehip broth. It boosts immunity.
Treatment with folk remedies can last from one to several months, depending on the degree of the disease.
Unpleasant consequences persist only with improper or insufficient treatment. The patient may be disturbed by painful sensations that will appear after any physical exertion. There may be a bump on the patella.
Severe complications rarely occur:
- ligament rupture;
- necrosis of the tibial tuberosity;
- osteoarthritis or deformation of the knee joint;
- patella displacement up.
With such pathologies, the functioning of the knee joint is disrupted, mobility is limited.
To avoid Schlatter’s disease in adolescents, the following recommendations must be observed:
- when playing sports, you need to alternate loads with rest, during this period, proper nutrition is very important;
- for injuries or any damage to the knee joint, seek medical help, be sure to undergo a full course of treatment;
- Do not overload the limbs.
Only timely admission to the hospital is the key to the health of a teenager. You need to be attentive to your health, then more serious complications can be avoided.