Meniscus ointment

There are 3 main varieties of creamy drugs that are used directly on the surface of the skin in the affected meniscus. Their advantage lies in the fact that they act without getting into the blood, therefore they are even suitable for injuries in children or women during the gestation period. Types of ointments:

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Warming ointment

Superficial creams with a warming effect are used during the rehabilitation period a few days after receiving a knee injury. Drugs are not suitable for damage just caused due to irritation. Apply in the absence of damage to the skin. It is not excluded the use of warming ointments for prophylactic purposes or to prevent injury to the knee. The warming effect helps to improve hemodynamics at the site of the lesion and thereby helps relieve pain. Creams are able to withstand stiffness, to increase the amplitude of motion of the knee joint. Such ointments include Menovazin, Kapsikam. Poison-based heating liniment should be used carefully, and if an allergic reaction occurs, discontinue use.

Anti-inflammatory drugs

The name of the drugs indicates their main effect on damage. Means relieve inflammation in the affected meniscus. Their properties can have a beneficial effect on the elimination of inflammatory processes in the knee (cartilage tissue). The patient’s condition improves due to the removal of swelling and swelling at the site of damage. Anti-inflammatory ointments help accelerate resorption in the affected area, including bruises, bruises and bruises. Among these drugs, one can distinguish “Fastum gel”, “Dolgit”.

Cooling lines

Ointments of this action have a cooling effect on the knee joint, due to the presence of menthol, eucalyptus or mint in the composition. Due to the lack of tissue irritation, they are used immediately after injury to reduce pain in the knee. The beneficial effect is characterized by an improvement in the condition, reducing the feeling of stiffness and increasing the amplitude, by the method of eliminating pain. Such gels include “Gevkamen”, “Troxevasin.”

Drug List

To enhance the healing effect and accelerate the result, doctors prescribe medications for internal use. The action of chondroprotectors in combination with an external agent can more effectively eliminate pain, as well as accelerate the regeneration of damaged cartilage tissues, improving metabolic processes at the cellular level. With the help of such drugs, the meniscus of the knee recovers faster. There are non-steroidal drugs that counteract inflammation and its manifestations in the form of swelling, pain and hematomas.

In case of serious injuries, the use of steroid drugs is possible, but exclusively by prescription. For the treatment and prevention of cartilage and periarticular tissues, biologically active additives and vitamins are used. Vitamins A, C, E, as well as collagen, glucosamine and chondroitin, which are the building blocks of cartilage cells, are suitable for improving the condition of the musculoskeletal system.

Folk ointments

Often people treat meniscus with home remedies that can improve their condition and speed up recovery. For therapy, they can use honey. It is mixed in half with alcohol and heated. Then the composition is applied to the damaged knee. Such an ointment has an analgesic, anti-inflammatory effect. Its use is recommended only after an allergy test in the wrist or inside of the elbow. In case of an allergic reaction, stop treatment.

If the remedies do not alleviate the condition, you should consult a doctor for therapeutic procedures before exacerbation.

The next version of the ointment is prepared on the basis of vegetable essential oils. To do this, you need clove oil, menthol or eucalyptus, camphor and aloe. It is important to mix this mixture until smooth, sometimes it is necessary to warm up for better mixing of the ingredients. The ointment is also applied to the site of knee damage, relieves pain, swelling and swelling. Sometimes a chalk-based mixture is used to enrich the damaged joint with calcium. It is ground in a coffee grinder and stirred with a sour-milk drink. After placement in a sore spot, cover with cling film on top and wrap it with a scarf or scarf.

Meniscus ointment

A meniscus rupture is accompanied by severe pain and stiffness in the movement of the joint. To get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of an injury without surgery, complex treatment is prescribed, which includes the use of gels and ointments. Their spectrum of action is aimed at improving the patient’s condition in a short time.

Indications and benefits

It is possible to treat a rupture of the meniscus of the knee joint without surgery if the patient was examined by a doctor and, based on the results of X-ray images, came to the conclusion that conservative treatment can be dispensed with. External means should be used in combination with physiotherapeutic procedures, massage and medication. Useful properties of creams and gels:

  • improvement of blood microcirculation;
  • anesthesia;
  • inflammation;
  • resorption of bruises;
  • resumption of mobility.

The independent use of drugs when injured without first consulting a doctor can aggravate the condition of the joint.

Types of Ointments

The choice of external use should be based on the symptoms of the disease and the results of the examination. Meniscus treatment is prescribed comprehensive. But the simultaneous use of ointments of different groups in one damaged area is prohibited. The break should be at least 4-5 hours. The best option is the combination of tablets and gels.

Warming

A group of drugs that is used during the rehabilitation period after surgery, a few days after an injury or for prevention. Warming ointments have a vasodilating effect, due to which the metabolism in the knee is improved and the penetration of drug components into the tissue is accelerated. Beneficial features:

  • cessation of pain;
  • improved mobility;
  • normalization of blood circulation.

Warming ointments include:

Chondroprotectors

A group of drugs that contain the active substances glucosamine, chondroitin and collagen. They contribute to the restoration of cartilage tissue, the normalization of metabolic processes in it, and the improvement of cartilage elasticity and joint motor activity. Additionally relieve pain and swelling. Common representatives of this group are:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

NSAIDs are represented by a group of drugs that are well tolerated by the body, with local use practically do not cause adverse reactions and are non-hormonal. It is used to achieve the following therapeutic effects:

  • relief of pain;
  • inflammation;
  • getting rid of swelling and swelling;
  • increase in range of motion;
  • resorption of bruises and bruises.

Most commonly used:

Dolgit will eliminate the inflammatory process in the joint and its associated symptoms.

Folk remedies

A popular remedy for pain relief when a knee meniscus is damaged is vinegar and egg ointment. To prepare it, you should take vinegar essence and 1 whole egg. It is placed in a vessel and filled with vinegar to cover it from above by 1 centimeter. Next, you should put the container in the cabinet for 5 days. At the end of the period add 200 ml of sunflower oil and expose to light. Insist the drug should also be 5-6 days. At the end of this time, the ointment is ready for use. It should be applied to the injured knee joint with massaging movements, then wrapped with a warm cloth.

The use of alternative medicine in the treatment of meniscus injury is consistent with the doctor.

Application

You should be aware that any ointment or cream is applied to clean, dry skin without damage. The use of external preparations for open wounds is prohibited. The amount of medicine and the intensity of therapy is determined by the doctor in each case individually. As a rule, a strip of ointment 3-4 cm long is applied to the area of ​​the knee joint and rubbed with light massage movements until completely absorbed. Despite the fact that such funds have a low degree of absorption in the blood, they are prescribed with caution for use during pregnancy or breastfeeding. But in addition, each group of drugs has its contraindications. It should not be purchased independently, without the recommendation of a doctor.

What home treatment for the meniscus of the knee prevents surgery?

Does the treatment of the meniscus of the knee help with folk remedies at home, or can I do without surgery in any case? This topic is important for anyone who has damaged the meniscus – the fibrous cartilage located in the knee joint, which is designed to protect the patella during movement. Like all cartilage in the body, the meniscus plays the role of a kind of shock absorber, helping to move and engage in sports without damage.

Causes of meniscus damage

The meniscus can be damaged in the process of playing sports and even when falling. This is a fairly common occurrence. The problem that can arise with the meniscus is a gap or bruise. Damage to the meniscus of the knee joint occurs with a sharp load and rotation of the joint at the same time, as well as with age-related wear of the cartilage tissue. If the damage is not critical, the meniscus is not torn, surgery is not required, treatment at home is quite suitable.

Important! The size of the injury can only be determined by the attending physician.

symptomatology

If a knee injury occurs, a meniscus rupture can be diagnosed by the following symptoms:

  1. Sharp pain from an injury that worsens over time.
  2. Inability to bend or unbend a knee completely. The reason is the torn part of the meniscus, which interferes with the normal movement of the joint. Also, such restrictions on movement can talk about problems with ligaments that could also break.
  3. Swelling in the patella. The knee becomes visually larger, swells, interferes with the movement of the leg.
  4. Subcutaneous hematoma in the area of ​​damage. Occurs from damage to the capillaries in the knee area.
  5. At the site of injury, body temperature can also increase.

The meniscus rupture does not pass by itself; it needs treatment. Hematoma and swelling at the site of a bruise are symptoms in which you should immediately consult a doctor. The help of a doctor is also necessary in case of pinching of the meniscus, which interferes with the free movement of the joint.

Folk remedies for the treatment of meniscus

How to treat a rupture of the knee meniscus will tell folk remedies. All kinds of compresses and ointments are used, aimed at warming and quick restoration of the joint.

How to treat meniscus compresses?

These procedures help to relieve pain, and accelerate the recovery process of the meniscus:

  1. Honey compress. Mix honey and alcohol in a ratio of 1: 1, spread on the knee and leave for a couple of hours. A very useful method, tried by many.
  2. Compress of vegetable leaves. You can use burdock or cabbage. Such a compress helps reduce joint pain and relieve swelling. Attach the vegetable leaf to the sore spot and wind for a period of 6 to 8 hours.
  3. Mud compresses. The method is often used in mud clinics, but it is also possible to purchase dirt at a pharmacy for home use. Spread a small amount of dirt on the knee, insulate, leave for a couple of hours. Wash off with warm water.
  4. Sweet onion compress. Grind the medium onion on a fine grater, mix with a spoon of sugar. Make a compress in the evening, leave until morning.
  5. Natural clay compress. Such a compress will help to quickly get rid of pain and accelerate the healing of the affected parts of the meniscus. Make a thick mixture (add water to the clay), spread on the knee and wrap. Do the procedure at night, rinse with warm water in the morning.
  6. Compress of flowers. We need flowers of lilac and dandelions. Pour flowers with alcohol, insist for about two weeks in a dark place. The composition of the season is recommended to add chestnuts. Apply a bandage moistened with the resulting tincture. Wrap and leave until morning.
  7. With edema, a compress from calendula will help. Boil calendula branches in water, apply them to sore spots and wrap them. Repeat for three days.

All compresses are covered (so as not to wet the upper, warm layers) first with cling film, then fixed with an elastic bandage and wrapped in something warm.

Read how to deal with sprain.

Tinctures for internal use

Such tinctures help the body fight the problem faster, act from the inside and help when meniscus treatment is required with folk remedies:

  1. Prefabricated tincture for internal use. Stir dry nettle with violet grass and birch leaves. Pour boiling water. Insist for about half an hour and take 100 g four times a day every day.
  2. Grind the horseradish root and pour boiling water. Insist half an hour. Take for 20 days a tablespoon twice a day.
  3. Bay leaves (about 50 g) pour boiled chilled water. Bring to a boil slowly. Drink the mixture in four days, divided into equal portions. Repeat no more than six months.
  4. Take willow bark, dry nettle and chopped parsley root. Pour 150 ml of hot water, leave for 70 hours and take warm 100- ml every day.

Do not take tinctures in larger quantities than written in the instructions. Large dosages can harm the body.

Tinctures for external use

Tinctures for external use should be liquid, like water. Be sure to insist before use – this is the basic rule:

  1. Tincture of garlic. Grate a couple of heads of garlic and pour apple cider vinegar in the amount of 300-400 g. Leave for a week in a dark and warm place, then rub the injured knee for 20 minutes.
  2. Tincture of iodine. Take alcohol and iodine in equal proportions, mix. After a day, the tincture will be ready for use, rub your knees, but do not wrap after the procedure.
  3. Tincture of potato flowers. Only clean the collected flowers so that there is no greenery. Pour with alcohol and leave in a cold place for 10 days. You should use the tincture twice a day, finish the procedure after the pain disappears (but use the tincture for no more than a month).

Such tinctures warm the joint, reducing pain. Before rubbing, test the tincture on a small area of ​​the skin, in order to avoid allergies.

Homemade ointments

Contrary to stereotypes, ointments can be prepared at home. Such funds will be effective if you follow the cooking instructions:

  1. Combine honey, salt, mustard powder and water. For 100 g of honey, a teaspoon of the remaining ingredients. The ointment turns out to be warming and analgesic.
  2. To make the product, you need to combine the dried St. John’s wort, nettle and yarrow taken in equal proportions. Add petroleum jelly (in the amount of a tablespoon). Smear before bedtime.
  3. Take a chicken egg, place in a bowl, chopping the shell. Pour vinegar essence so that it completely covers the egg. Insist 4-5 days in a dark place. Add 200 ml of vegetable oil, stir and put in a warm place for a couple of days. After that, store in a cool place.

Such ointments are easy to prepare at home, without spending a lot of time and effort.

In addition to compresses, there are other methods to combat meniscus rupture. Bathtubs:

  1. Coniferous baths. They help improve blood circulation, thus contributing to the treatment of the diseased joint and strengthening it. 500 g of fresh needles (700 g dry) pour water in an amount of 2 liters. Boil for 30 minutes, then add to water. Take a bath 20-30 minutes before bedtime, every other day.
  2. Baths with sea salt. Relieve stress and soothe. Use according to the instructions on the package, depending on the amount of water in the bath.
    Dry sage bathtubs. Prepared by analogy with a coniferous recipe.

The water should be warm, the residence time is not more than 20 minutes.

Gymnastics

Therapeutic exercises for the knees are another part of the restoration of the meniscus and its functions. Exercises are carried out at the healing stage to strengthen the joint, and accelerate healing. You should consult your doctor to tell you about precautions and contraindications.

Exercises at home for the treatment of meniscus:

  1. Sit on a low chair with bent knees. Straighten your left leg, raise as high as possible. After holding it in the air for half a minute, carefully lower it and perform the exercise with the right leg.
  2. Lie on your stomach, legs straighten. Slowly raise your left straight leg and hold it in the air for half a minute. Next, slowly lower your leg into place and relax. Repeat with the right foot. After this exercise, allow the legs to rest and do the same, but holding their legs in the air for a short time.
  3. Change position. Lie on the left side, bend the left leg, keep the right leg straight. Lift the right leg and keep in the air for half a minute. Repeat the exercise with the second leg.

After exercise, you can grind the sore spots with tincture (for example, from garlic) or a warming ointment. A compress is also allowed. After the procedure, hide your legs in warmth and relax.

Fact! Exercise will only help if there is no pinching of the meniscus. If exercises and folk remedies do not help, you need to consult a doctor for advice.

All means will help to cure the meniscus, if there is no large damage and tears. You should not use a large number of methods at the same time. It is enough to do exercises, warm the damaged areas with ointment or compress and take tinctures inside. Thus, treatment will be most effective. In the treatment of meniscus, care should be taken not to strain the knees.

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Meniscus ointment

A meniscus rupture is accompanied by severe pain and stiffness in the movement of the joint. To get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of an injury without surgery, complex treatment is prescribed, which includes the use of gels and ointments. Their spectrum of action is aimed at improving the patient’s condition in a short time.

Indications and benefits

It is possible to treat a rupture of the meniscus of the knee joint without surgery if the patient was examined by a doctor and, based on the results of X-ray images, came to the conclusion that conservative treatment can be dispensed with. External means should be used in combination with physiotherapeutic procedures, massage and medication. Useful properties of creams and gels:

  • improvement of blood microcirculation,
  • anesthesia,
  • removal of inflammation,
  • resorption of bruises,
  • resumption of mobility.

The independent use of drugs when injured without first consulting a doctor can aggravate the condition of the joint.

Types of Ointments

The choice of external use should be based on the symptoms of the disease and the results of the examination. Meniscus treatment is prescribed comprehensive. But the simultaneous use of ointments of different groups in one damaged area is prohibited. The break should be at least 4-5 hours. The best option is the combination of tablets and gels.

Warming

A group of drugs that is used during the rehabilitation period after surgery, a few days after an injury or for prevention. Warming ointments have a vasodilating effect, due to which the metabolism in the knee is improved and the penetration of drug components into the tissue is accelerated. Beneficial features:

  • cessation of pain
  • mobility improvement
  • normalization of blood circulation.

Warming ointments include:

Chondroprotectors

A group of drugs that contain the active substances glucosamine, chondroitin and collagen. They contribute to the restoration of cartilage tissue, the normalization of metabolic processes in it, and the improvement of cartilage elasticity and joint motor activity. Additionally relieve pain and swelling. Common representatives of this group are:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

NSAIDs are represented by a group of drugs that are well tolerated by the body, with local use practically do not cause adverse reactions and are non-hormonal. It is used to achieve the following therapeutic effects:

  • relief of pain
  • removal of inflammation,
  • getting rid of swelling and swelling,
  • increase in the amplitude of movements,
  • resorption of bruises and bruises.

Most commonly used:

Folk remedies

A popular remedy for pain relief when a knee meniscus is damaged is vinegar and egg ointment. To prepare it, you should take vinegar essence and 1 whole egg. It is placed in a vessel and filled with vinegar to cover it from above by 1 centimeter. Next, you should put the container in the cabinet for 5 days. At the end of the period add 200 ml of sunflower oil and expose to light. Insist the drug should also be 5-6 days. At the end of this time, the ointment is ready for use. It should be applied to the injured knee joint with massaging movements, then wrapped with a warm cloth.

The use of alternative medicine in the treatment of meniscus injury is consistent with the doctor.

Application

You should be aware that any ointment or cream is applied to clean, dry skin without damage. The use of external preparations for open wounds is prohibited. The amount of medicine and the intensity of therapy is determined by the doctor in each case individually. As a rule, a strip of ointment 3-4 cm long is applied to the area of ​​the knee joint and rubbed with light massage movements until completely absorbed. Despite the fact that such funds have a low degree of absorption in the blood, they are prescribed with caution for use during pregnancy or breastfeeding. But in addition, each group of drugs has its contraindications. It should not be purchased independently, without the recommendation of a doctor.

Various methods for treating the meniscus of the knee

The content of the article:

The doctor prescribes treatment of the meniscus of the knee based on the results obtained after patients undergoing CT, MRI, arthroscopy or ultrasound (in rare cases). Depending on the location and severity of the injury, the age of the patient are used:

  • conservative treatment – based on the use of medications, the use of hardware, manual traction in combination with therapeutic exercises and massage. It is prescribed for tears (tears), pinching menisci;
  • surgical intervention – is used for detachment of the cartilaginous tissue of the knee joints, the ineffectiveness of the drug treatment method;
  • folk remedies – help reduce pain, eliminate edema in all types of injuries (if only a displacement of the meniscus of the knee joint is detected, treatment with folk methods is not carried out);
  • plasmolifting is a relatively new type of treatment for the meniscus of the knee, the essence of which is the introduction of platelet-rich blood into damaged tissues.

Regardless of the doctor’s further instructions, at the first symptoms of meniscus damage, the patient needs first aid: apply a cold compress to the injured knee, wrap it with an elastic bandage.

Meniscus Injuries: Medication

Pinching or partial tearing of the meniscus is much more common, compared with its other damage – separation. Typically, these types of injuries are well treated and, in most cases, patients do not need surgery. When conservative treatment of meniscus is used:

  1. Painkillers (analgesics) – prescribed in the acute period of the disease. These include: Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Meloxicam.
  2. Chondroprotectors (Don, Arthra, Chondrolon). Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate contained in the preparations of this group normalize metabolic processes in cartilage and connective tissues, improve the properties of intraarticular fluid. The recommended dose of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate is 1000 mg per day.
  3. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – reduce pain, relieve swelling in the damaged knee. For the treatment of meniscus, topical preparations are prescribed: gels, creams and ointments.
  4. Vitamins (A, C, E), biologically active additives (for example, Collagen ultra) – contribute to the restoration of meniscus tissue.

Before treating the meniscus with medications, you need to eliminate the main cause of pain and swelling – pinching (jamming) of the meniscus between the cartilages of the knee. Its release is carried out using manual or hardware traction.

Ointments and gels for meniscus damage

For the treatment of the meniscus of the knee joint, ointments and gels are used:

  1. Warming (Menovazin, Kapsikam) – used during the rehabilitation period, a few days after the injury and for their prevention. Their action is aimed at:
    • improvement of blood circulation in the tissues;
    • resumption of joint mobility;
    • pain reduction.
  2. Anti-inflammatory (Dolgit cream, Fastum gel, Heparin ointment) – act directly on the site of damage. They are:
    • bruises and bruises dissolve;
    • relieve swelling in the knee;
    • reduce inflammation in the cartilage of the knee joint.
  3. Cooling (Venoruton gel) – applied immediately after injury. They are used for:
    • relieving pain;
    • eliminate stiffness in movements.

In a conservative methodology for treating the meniscus of the knee joint, ointments for massage are used, which include bee and snake venom (Apizartron, Viprosal, Virapin). They warm the muscles and ligaments, improve their elasticity and blood circulation in the affected joints. Despite their high effectiveness, such drugs should be used carefully: allergic reactions and inflammations on the skin may appear. After applying them, you need to thoroughly wash your hands with soap.

Before treating the meniscus with topical drugs, you should consult a doctor. He will determine the nature of the damage and prescribe the correct type of ointment.

Meniscus damage: when is surgery needed?

Surgical treatment of the meniscus of the knee joint is not always used (for example, cracks can heal on their own). It is necessary if the patient revealed its displacement, crushing and separation (of the horns and body), hemorrhage in the joint cavity has occurred. As a rule, doctors resort to arthroscopy (minimal surgical intervention). Even with the most complex injuries, it is performed without compromising the integrity of the joint bag. During the operation, only the injured areas of the meniscus are removed, and the defective edges remain.

Different types of meniscus damage

Surgical treatment of the knee meniscus has the following advantages:

  • small size of incisions;
  • ease of use (the leg does not need to be fixed);
  • quick discharge from a medical institution (inpatient treatment lasts only 1-3 days);
  • short rehabilitation period.

In some cases, surgical treatment of the meniscus of the patella implies its restoration or transplantation. The first type of surgery is recommended for people involved in active sports. In this case, damaged tissues are not removed: the integrity of the cartilaginous layers is renewed by suturing them (from the inside to the outside and vice versa) or fastening inside the joint. If you use this method of treatment, the meniscus heals faster.

Transplantation is a rare and expensive operation. Its implementation is inevitable when a knee injury prevents the cartilage from recovering, and the absence of a meniscus significantly impairs the patient’s quality of life. In the presence of diagnosed contraindications, surgery is not performed.

Traditional medicine for meniscus injuries

There are many ways to treat the meniscus of the knee joint with folk remedies. Compresses based on:

  • medical bile. The heated product is applied to the injured knee and insulated. After 2 hours, the compress is removed. The course of treatment is 10 days;
  • honey and alcohol. The ingredients are thoroughly mixed, heated in a water bath. Compress is applied for 2 hours. Duration of use – 2 months;
  • burdock. The leaves of the plant are wrapped around a sick knee, fixed and insulated (with a woolen scarf, blanket). Compress hold 8 hours. It is used until the pain completely disappears.

In order to cure the knee meniscus, decoctions and infusions from medicinal herbs, tinctures and ointments are also used.

An extraordinary technique for treating a meniscus in the knee

In modern medicine, the treatment of the meniscus of the knee joint is carried out by orthoplasm. After injecting the patient’s own plasma, blood vessels begin to form in the affected tissues, metabolism and blood circulation in general are normalized. In addition, the use of body resources allows you to naturally increase the amount of synovial fluid in the joints.

When the meniscus of the knee joint is damaged, treatment by this technique promotes tissue regeneration, restoration of natural metabolism. After the procedures, the pain disappears, the mobility of the joints resumes.

In general, there are many ways to cure a knee meniscus. The choice of treatment method is carried out by the doctor after examining the patient. If the meniscus of the knee joint is injured, treatment should be immediate, but you should not resort to self-medication.

You can watch the process of the meniscus operation in the video:

Inflammation of the meniscus of the knee

The knee is a multicomponent and very loaded part of the leg. It is not surprising that its various parts fail. Quite often, meniscus diseases, its rupture, lead to knee pain. The cartilage tissue that forms this part of the joint is designed to help with cushioning and stabilization. If any damage to the meniscus occurs, then inflammation will be their consequence. The danger of this condition is in the destruction of cartilage.

Why does the meniscus on my knee hurt?

Doctors distinguish several factors leading to pathology:

  • long-standing injuries that have become chronic;
  • age-related changes in cartilage;
  • heavy loads that deplete the meniscus (sometimes can lead to rupture, for example, of the hind or front horn of the meniscus of the knee joint);
  • poor nutrition of knee tissues.

The fact that something happens with the articulation and the meniscus is suggested by symptoms that you cannot attribute to fatigue:

  • swollen knee;
  • crunch, clicks creaks when moving;
  • sharp pain gives way to dull;
  • restriction of joint function;
  • the leg may bend by itself, which is fraught with falls and bruises;
  • local temperature increase;
  • if the meniscus is badly damaged, the knee stops moving;
  • sensation that some object has hit the joint.

Meniscus problems are very similar to other diseases of the knee joint. Therefore, to independently determine what happened, you should not paint a treatment regimen for yourself, because sprains and bruises require a completely different treatment than inflammation of the cartilage. Be sure to see a doctor, otherwise there is a risk of arthrosis and knee deformation.

How to diagnose a disease

Due to the fact that with inflammation of the meniscus of the knee joint, the symptoms resemble various pathologies, the most accurate diagnosis is necessary. The doctor examines the patient, probes the joint, asks questions about lifestyle, injuries and gives direction to hardware tests. Radiography is still in demand. Although it does not show cartilage, it allows you to act by eliminating other ailments, such as tendonitis and bursitis. To get a clear picture, the patient is sent to:

The second method has proven itself particularly well. With the help of a miniature device – an arthroscope – it is possible to “peek” into the middle of a joint and evaluate its condition. But this is not all of his possibilities. Using an arthroscope, drugs are injected and meniscus surgery is performed, removing damage.

Treatment of inflammation of the meniscus of the knee

In modern clinics, this pathology is usually treated in three directions at the same time.
Firstly, medications are attributed. Secondly, the affected meniscus is externally treated with various ointments, lotions, rubbing, gels, compresses. The third area is physiotherapy, designed to restore knee mobility, improve microcirculation of blood and oxygen, which deliver nutrients to tissues.

If the meniscus is significantly damaged, it is removed and artificial. It happens that after surgery on the meniscus the knee is swollen. Such a phenomenon may be a natural reaction of the body to the actions of surgeons or say that the inflammatory process does not subside. In any case, the only thing you can do on your own is to see a doctor. When the meniscus of the knee joint hurts, it is only a doctor – surgeon, traumatologist, orthopedist – who can accurately say what to do and what cannot be done.

When a person enters a clinic with meniscus problems, it may be necessary to apply the following first aid methods:

  1. Remove fluid accumulated in the knee;
  2. Immobilize the leg.

Then therapy comes into play. The most common medications that doctors prescribe for this pathology are:

    nonstero >The name of the medicine, the frequency of use, the duration of the course, the attending specialist appoints individually, based on the specific case. Joint ailments cannot be treated independently – they have an extremely unpleasant property to aggravate and destroy joints and bones. Therefore, only a verified treatment regimen will ensure success.

Physiotherapy, joint development using therapeutic exercises and massage begins after removing the bandage.

To protect the knees and all their parts from diseases, experts give some simple tips. For instance:

  • you need to move – to engage in swimming, walking, active sports, maintaining a balance between relaxation and stress;
  • correct shoes are a passive, but invaluable tool for healthy limbs, because a properly distributed load does not allow cartilage and ligaments to wear out faster than nature intended;
  • protective equipment for sports helps to avoid unwanted injuries;
  • normal weight – a direct path to maintaining healthy joints;
  • should try to move measuredly, abandon sharp turns, jumps, overloads.
Shishkevich Vladimir

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews. It specializes in the treatment of diseases in orthopedic, traumatological, vertebrological profiles

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