Laser joint therapy is a highly effective treatment method that involves the use of an enhanced light stream to the affected tissue area. Treatment is actively used for arthrosis, arthritis and other degenerative joint pathologies.
How to prepare for laser therapy, how it is carried out, to whom is this type of treatment contraindicated?
Features of laser joint treatment
Human joints are joints in the skeleton, which are formed from bone and cartilage. The cavity between them is filled with synovial fluid. The joint itself is located in the so-called articular bag, which is surrounded by vessels, ligaments, muscles and nerve fibers. All these physiological elements protect, nourish, strengthen, give sensitivity to the joints.
Human joints are prone to injuries and illnesses. Main reasons:
- excess weight;
- the impact of severe chronic diseases;
- insufficiently active lifestyle;
- the presence of bad habits (smoking, drinking);
- hereditary predisposition to joint pathologies;
- excessive physical exertion on the body.
As a result of the progression of diseases in the joint area, cartilage tissue is gradually thinning. Very often, inflammatory processes lead to malnutrition of tissues, cramping, soreness and the gradual destruction of bone structures.
In a similar state, degenerative changes in the joint develop, which can lead not only to the loss of physical capabilities: even disability is possible. It is worth paying special attention to joint pathologies and, at the first symptoms of the inflammatory process, consult an experienced doctor (general practitioner, surgeon, orthopedist, traumatologist).
Laser treatment can be practiced both as a primary therapy and interact with other methods. The protective effect is to reduce the risk of complications in the patient after taking corticosteroids. This type of treatment is considered to be very popular in the field of pathologies of the musculoskeletal system.
Laser treatment of the knee joint is part of the entire range of necessary procedures. Most often, this type of therapy is combined with exercise therapy, manual therapy, massage, orthopedic fixatives.
The therapeutic effect of laser therapy
Laser treatment of joints, the contraindications of which include all types of blood diseases, if properly carried out, can have the following therapeutic effects:
- Improving metabolic processes in tissue cells several times.
- Acceleration of chemical reactions (the laser acts as a conductor when using other methods of therapy).
- Effective reduction of pain and swelling of the affected joint.
- Elimination of acute inflammatory process with the progression of pathologies.
- The development of antibodies by the body to suppress allergic reactions, inflammatory foci.
- Acceleration of the tissue repair process after their defeat.
- Improving overall blood supply.
- Impact on the formation of new blood vessels.
- Pronounced immunomodulatory effect on the body as a whole.
- Acceleration of the process of tissue repair and regeneration.
A laser for treating joints at home or in a hospital setting can provide the following additional therapeutic effects:
- Improving the activity of cell structures.
- Stabilization of the protein production process.
- Acceleration of blood flow.
- Removal of spasm in blood vessels and tension in muscle fibers.
- Improving overall functions in the musculoskeletal system.
- Decrease in blood viscosity (antithrombolytic effect).
- Lowering blood cholesterol.
- Resorption of salt deposits.
- Reducing the negative impact of taking drugs.
- Increased need for glucose.
Indications for laser treatment
Laser treatment can be used to identify the following pathologies of the musculoskeletal system:
Arthritis. Laser therapy will be effective for various forms of the disease (rheumato >
Laser treatment is effective in the treatment of joint diseases and other pathologies. It is allowed to be used as adjunctive therapy for trophic ulcers, poor gastrointestinal tract function, and pathologies of the respiratory and nervous systems.
Laser Therapy Methods
Even “neglected” joint problems can be cured at home! Just remember to smear it once a day.
Three methods of laser treatment of pathologies:
|Method name||Principle of procedure||Main results|
|Contact compression treatment||The laser conductor will be pressed against the affected area||Removal of edema, pain, inflammation|
|Contact method||Light touch of LEDs on the inflamed area||Improvement of blood circulation, relief of soreness|
|Remote exposure method||The beam will affect the human body at a certain distance||Tissue repair|
The choice of a specific method for laser therapy is always selected individually by the attending physician for each patient. The specialist must take into account the etiology of the human disease, its neglect, the presence of complications.
After the first laser therapy session, many patients worry that it is the treatment method that does not affect them. And without reason: the introductory course of laser therapy is simply not able to immediately bring the expected improvements.
In order to feel the positive dynamics of the disease, the patient is recommended to undergo a full course of laser therapy, or at least 7-10 sessions.
After laser treatment, 25% of patients experience headaches and slight dizziness. This is due to the activation of metabolic processes, which in the future will help to remove toxic substances from the body. These symptoms after therapy are considered a relative norm. With their frequent appearance, the patient should be observed by a therapist in order to control his condition.
It is possible to completely stabilize your well-being and eliminate the acute inflammatory process in the diseased joint no earlier than five months later, when all stages of treatment have been completed.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
I have been treating joints for many years. I can say with confidence that the joints are always treatable, even in the very ripe old age.
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Each individual joint disease requires the use of different devices for laser therapy. The most effective among them:
- The scanning beam is actively practiced to treat arthrosis. Radiation to the affected area is supplied by specially prescribed coordinates.
- Laser magnetic therapy is used for advanced forms of arthrosis and arthritis. Depth of radiation reaches 90 mm.
- A neon type of laser is used for acute periarthritis. The beam has a pronounced electromagnetic effect.
Some patients fear pain and discomfort during laser treatment. You should not be afraid of the procedure, since it is completely painless: the patient only feels the effect of heat on the affected area.
Principles of therapy
Principles of laser therapy for joint treatment:
- The exposure period at one point should not be longer than seven minutes.
- The duration of the entire session can be up to thirty minutes.
- The minimum course of treatment is ten sessions.
- To prevent re-exacerbation of the disease, the laser treatment should be repeated after six months.
- To eliminate inflammation in the joint tissues, only the infrared type of rays must be used.
- It is better to conduct these sessions in the first half of the day, when the patient’s central nervous system is more active.
- With the transition of the disease into a chronic form, the effect of rays must be increased.
Who is prohibited from laser treatment
Not everyone will be able to treat joints with a laser: this method of therapy has serious contraindications.
It is forbidden to practice laser treatment for such diseases:
- decompensated type of diabetes;
- the presence of large birthmarks in the necessary area for exposure to the beam;
- serious thyro >
Additional contraindications in which it is undesirable to carry out laser therapy:
- period of pregnancy;
- diseases of the central nervous system, in which a person can not easily withstand the course of the session;
- individual intolerance to exposure to rays;
- exacerbation of severe chronic diseases.
Results of treatment
After completing the full course of laser therapy, the following therapy results can be achieved:
- Elimination of soreness.
- Removal of the inflammatory process.
- Improving blood circulation.
- Restoration of the articular joint at the cellular level.
- Elimination of muscle spasm.
- Stopping degenerative processes that destroy joint tissues.
Laser treatment can only be used after a doctor prescribes. Self-medication is strictly prohibited, since these actions can only worsen a person’s condition.