Joint inflammation drugs_1

Let us consider in more detail the representatives of each of the groups of drugs for the treatment of joints, their effect and adverse reactions.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Analgesics

Analgesics are included in the list of essential drugs for the treatment of inflamed joints. They can be divided into the following groups:

  • Non-narcotic analgesics containing acetaminophen (Tylenol).
  • Narcotic anesthetics. Relate to strong painkillers for joint pain. They are prescribed only by the attending physician; they are not released without a prescription.
  • Combined painkillers for joint pain. They are also strong painkillers. Consist of opioid and non-narcotic substance acetaminophen. Recommended for very severe pain.

The following medicines are referred to combined painkillers for pain in the joints of the legs and hands:

Taking medications from this group may be accompanied by undesirable reactions such as:

  • allergy;
  • impaired hepatic and renal function;
  • psychomotor agitation;
  • disorientation;
  • pain in epigastrium;
  • decrease in blood sugar concentration;
  • anemia, a decrease in the number of platelets, white blood cells;
  • oppression of the respiratory, thermoregulatory, cough, vasomotor centers, dependence (when taking narcotic analgesics).

NSAIDs are the most common painkillers for joint pain. The following representatives belong to this group:

  • Diclofenac.
  • Ketoprofen.
  • Nimesil.
  • Aspirin.
  • Acecofenac.
  • Lysinmonoacetylsalicylate.
  • Flurbiprofen.
  • Ibuprofen.
  • Meloxicam.
  • Indomethacin.
  • Etodolac.

The best tablets for pain in joints and muscles from the NSAID group are Ketorolac, Indomethacin, Diclofenac, Ketorol. Ibuprofen and aspirin are inferior to them in analgesic effect.

Undesirable effects of NSAIDs:

  • with prolonged use, which is necessary, for example, with pain in the joints of the knees, ulcers and erosion of the gastrointestinal tract are formed;
  • strokes
  • thromboses;
  • heart attacks;
  • arterial hypertension;
  • impaired renal function;
  • aspirin bronchial asthma.

Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs

These drugs are used in case of arthrosis of the knee and other joints. In addition, BMARP help to cope with arthritis of various origins (rheumatoid, psoriatic, idiopathic). Preparations of this group are used only at the risk of destruction of the joint cavity. They can be taken in courses without any consequences. However, the duration of treatment is a minus – a noticeable effect will appear after a few weeks, sometimes months.

The following drugs are included in the list of tablets from joints from the BMARP group:

Side effects include increased sensitivity to sunlight, increased hair growth, sore throat, diarrhea, a decrease in the number of blood cells.

Chondroprotectors

Chondroprotectors are joint repair pills. Chondroitin and glucosamine, which restore cartilage, over time help to get rid of pain in the joints of the legs. The active substances can be contained in the preparations either in isolation or in combination.

Joint and cartilage repair pills containing glucosamine:

Joint treatment tablets containing chondroitin:

The disadvantage of this group of drugs is the cost and need for long-term use.

Side effects of chondroprotectors include:

  • nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain;
  • flatulence;
  • diarrhea;
  • allergic reactions.

Glucocorticostero >

Glucritocosteroids are used for severe joint pain. These pills for joint inflammation are prescribed when another therapy is ineffective. Corticosteroids can be injected directly into the joint cavity.

Often use the following pills for pain in the legs and joints of a hormonal nature:

For intraarticular injections apply:

“Liquid prostheses” replace joint fluid, improve metabolism in the cartilage. The downside is the high cost.

Prolonged use of glucocorticoids or abrupt withdrawal threatens with the following undesirable effects:

  • peptic ulcer;
  • infection;
  • Cushing’s syndrome;
  • cataract;
  • osteoporosis;
  • bone necrosis;
  • violation of growth and development.

Self-administration of corticosteroids is prohibited! This can have dire consequences.

Joint and cartilage preparations

With the occurrence of articular pathology along the way, not only cartilage is affected, but also ligaments and muscles. Therefore, the ligamentous, muscular apparatus and cartilage need support.

To restore and strengthen cartilage and joint will help:

  • Glucosamine – tablets necessary for cartilage and joints. This is the precursor of glycocsaminoglycan, from which cartilage tissue is built. Glucosamine helps relieve joint pain when moving, especially when treating a knee joint.
  • Chondroitin sulfate – used as tablets for bones and joints, contributing to the deposition of calcium in bone tissue. It is also one of the main components of cartilage. Increasing collagen synthesis strengthens ligaments. Enhances the production of intraarticular flu >

With joint damage, it is necessary to maintain a ligamentous apparatus. For ligaments and joints apply:

  • omega-3 fatty acids;
  • collagen;
  • hyaluronic acid – is part of the ligaments in the form of glycosaminoglycan;
  • Bromelian – proteolytic enzymes used as painkillers for joint pain;
  • vitamins B6, C, E;
  • minerals – magnesium, niacin, selenium, zinc.

How to choose the right drug

When choosing pills for joint treatment, you can not rely solely on reviews and advertising. Not everyone approaches this or that remedy. Therefore, it is imperative to be examined, to take an x-ray of the articular region.

Only on the basis of this study, the doctor will be able to put the stage of the disease and prescribe the necessary treatment.

The choice of drug depends not only on the stage of the disease, but also on age, the type of pathology, the necessary active substance and general health.

The first should be prescribed drugs that stop the pain syndrome. Next, drugs that eliminate the inflammatory process are used. Then – medications to restore cartilage, muscle and ligaments.

At the first stage of the process, tablets are used in tablet form. Damaged cartilage requires injection.

An important criterion for choosing a drug is price. The cost of Russian funds is much lower, but the effect of their use is noticeable only at the first stages of the pathology.

Currently, the pharmaceutical market provides many pills for the treatment of joints. Although many drugs are dispensed without prescription, indications for prescribing the drug should be determined by the doctor after the examination.

This is necessary, since each group of drugs has its own side effects and acts on one or another link in the pathological process. Self-treatment can lead at best to loss of funds, at worst – to serious consequences.

What pills for arthrosis are the most effective and safe in treatment

Arthrosis refers to joint diseases. When it occurs, the destruction of cartilage, degenerative-dystrophic processes in the articulation and adjacent tissues occur. In the process of treatment, they take pills for arthrosis, and also resort to other methods – physiotherapy, drug injections and other therapeutic measures. With severe damage to the tissues of the joint, surgery is performed.

Briefly about arthrosis and its treatment

The disease can develop in any articular joint of the body. The most common are arthrosis of the knee, hip (coxarthrosis) joints, arthrosis of the hands. The causes of the pathology are most often trauma, metabolic disorders in the body, excess weight or excessive physical activity, chronic infections with frequent relapses. When arthrosis occurs pain of varying severity, stiffness, limitation of the amplitude of motion.

In the process of diagnosis, it is required to find out all the causes that provoked the disease. To do this, do an ultrasound of the joint, an X-ray of the affected area, a synovial fluid intake for analysis of the cellular and biochemical composition, and other types of studies.

Conservative treatment is often used, in which drugs of various directions are used. Antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, medications that help restore cartilage (chondroprotectors), painkillers, vasodilators, muscle relaxants are prescribed.

Types of pills

William Upjohn invented the form of medicine and began to produce it in 1880-1886. The main advantage of tablets over powders, granules, tinctures (until they came up with capsules, measuring spoons, other dispensers) was the high accuracy of dosing of active substances.

Get the form by pressing the prepared medicinal mixture. The tablets may be coated with a protective coating that prevents the drug from dissolving ahead of time, for example, in the mouth or esophagus. For the filler take one or more active substances, for example, talc, magnesium stearate, starch, titanium oxide (IV).

Types of tablets according to the dosage and effect of the main substance:

  • forte – a potent agent with a high content of active ingredient;
  • seven – the average dosage and severity of action;
  • mite – the minimum allowable dosage having a clinical effect.

Today, tablets are packaged and stored in hermetically sealed vials (glass, plastic), as well as convolutes – aluminum, plastic or paper blisters with cells.

Always pay attention to the integrity of the packaging and the information on the label. They must necessarily indicate the composition, name, information about the manufacturer, date of manufacture, expiration date.

The drug is stored in a dry place away from light at room temperature no more than + 25 ° C. At the end of the expiration date, the medicine is discarded, since all its medicinal properties disappear. When using expired medications, there is a high probability of poisoning, allergies, and with untimely intake of high-quality active substances into the body, the progression of pathology and the inefficiency of therapy.

List of pills for joint arthrosis

Pharmacotherapy offers many solid (tablet) and liquid forms of medicines for the treatment of arthrosis, however, the attending physician should choose them. First, experts always relieve acute inflammation and eliminate pain with the help of analgesics and non-steroidal drugs, then they conduct a comprehensive examination of the patient, and medications are prescribed for general and local therapy.

Chondroprotectors

Chondroprotectors are intended for the treatment of stage I – II arthrosis. The principle of action of these drugs is the restoration of cartilage and metabolism in the tissues of the damaged articular joint. Compounds of this group include substances such as chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine or hyaluronic ac />

The first results of treatment with chondoprotectors appear after 60-150 days. The full course lasts up to 6 months, then a break is made and a new course of treatment is prescribed. The duration of the drug and the pause between treatment courses is determined by the attending doctor. With arthrosis of the third degree, there is no sense in prescribing chondroprotectors, therefore, they resort to surgery (arthroscopy, osteotomy, endoprosthetics).

Anti-inflammatory drugs

In addition to chondroprotectors, non-stero />

The group includes Aertal, Etodolak, Sulindak, Piroxicam, Rofecoxib, Meloxicam, thiaprofenic acid, and other drugs with a similar type of action. The main purpose of the appointment is symptomatic therapy, including the removal of pain, swelling, lowering the temperature and other manifestations of inflammation.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can not be taken for a long time, because they have strong side effects – irritating effect on the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines, metabolic disorders, blood coagulation mechanism, arterial hypertension, heart and / or kidney failure.

NSAIDs have different degrees of action – in some patients, even aspirin can eliminate inflammation and relieve pain, and for others, even Diclofenac or another potent drug will not immediately bring relief. The reason for this is the individual sensitivity and degree of neglect of the disease.

Chondroprotectors

Effective drugs are chondoprotectors with a combined effect. They have multicomponent compositions and can simultaneously restore cartilage, relieve inflammation, reduce pain and swelling. However, people with individual intolerance to any component of the drug are recommended to use single-component means of targeted action. Before starting the course, people with an allergic mood are recommended to conduct tolerance tests.

Tablets for the treatment of arthrosis:

  • Chondroitin Forte;
  • Source Naturals complex;
  • Arthroprim;
  • Dextanol;
  • Hydroxythene;
  • Chondrosamine;
  • Structin (Chondroitin);
  • Artfish;
  • Boron Boron (capsules);
  • Arthron-Triaktiv Forte;
  • Meloxicam;
  • Osteal;
  • Osteoartisi Max (Osteoarteaze Max capsules);
  • Arthra
  • Nimesulide;
  • Ortofen.

Chondroprotectors and NSAIDs, intended for oral administration, affect all large and small joints of the body. In the pathology of the knee, hip joints, small joints of the hands, feet or other joints, local exposure is required. It is necessary to carry out intra-articular injections of anti-inflammatory drugs, physiotherapy using massage, UHF, exposure to shock waves, laser beams, cold, ozone.

Preparations for the local treatment of arthrosis

Gels, patches, ointments are used externally, less often – solutions of Mumiye tablets or liquids for compresses. Local remedies are used only in combination with essential medicines. They increase their effectiveness, accelerate the disappearance of symptoms.

Effective honey drugs for the treatment of joint arthrosis:

  • Revmalgon (gel balm);
  • Medical bile;
  • Chondroitin ointment;
  • Dimex />

With osteoarthritis, a diet with a predominance of protein products, intake of vitamin and mineral complexes, weight correction, physiotherapy exercises, and physiotherapy are also recommended.

Anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs for mild pain:

You can relieve severe pain with Indomethacin, Diclofenac, Ketoprofen, Phenylbutazone or corticosteroid hormones.

The Best Safe Arthrosis Medications

If you need long-term NSAIDs, pay attention to second-generation drugs – COX-2 inhibitors (selective anti-inflammatory drugs). They are safe, with prolonged use do not give complications to the heart, kidneys, hematopoietic system. The best remedy from the group is tablets or Movalis suppositories. With severe pain, intramuscular injections of the drug are prescribed.

Chondroprotectors, which include only glucosamine, hyaluronic acid or chondroitin sulfate, are also considered safe for the body.

With extreme caution, drugs are used externally, which include substances that irritate the skin (bee or snake venom, bile). They can cause a burn and an allergic reaction.

An alternative treatment for arthrosis is to use Mumiye externally, orally, or as an additive to therapeutic baths. Mumiye is safe, gives good results judging by user reviews on forums in 2015 and 2016. Doctors confirm the feasibility of its use only in combination with essential drugs.

Conclusion

Tablets from arthrosis should be taken only as directed by the doctor, after a thorough examination and examination. The patient himself cannot adjust the dosage or duration of the course. Joint diseases are a very complex pathology that requires long-term treatment. Inadequate therapy, ignoring medical advice, as well as self-medication, may result in surgery at best, and disability at worst. Be mindful of your health.

Joint treatment with the best non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Joint pain is painful and unbearable, it prevents a person from living normally. Many people experience how hard it is to endure this phenomenon. If this problem has touched you too, then non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of joints will come to the rescue. Soon you will know which ones are really capable of relieving painful sensations.

What are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

For short, these drugs are called NSAIDs. With them, the drug treatment of arthrosis begins. Anti-inflammatory drugs are called non-steroidal because they lack hormones. They are safer for the body and give a minimum of side effects. There are selective agents that act directly on the site of inflammation, and non-selective, which also affect the digestive tract. Use the first is preferable.

NSAID joint treatment

Funds must be prescribed by a doctor, based on the intensity of the pain and the manifestation of other symptoms. Diagnoses in which NSAIDs help:

  • infectious, aseptic, autoimmune, gouty, or rheumatoid arthritis;
  • arthrosis, osteoarthritis, deforming osteoarthrosis;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • rheumatoid arthropathies: psoriasis, ankylosing spondylitis, Reiter’s syndrome;
  • bone tumors, metastases;
  • pain after surgery, trauma.

Anti-inflammatory drugs for joints

The assortment has pharmacological agents in the form of:

  • tablets;
  • intramuscular injections;
  • injections into the joint itself;
  • patches;
  • candles;
  • creams, ointments.

In severe forms of joint diseases and a deterioration in the patient’s well-being, the doctor usually prescribes stronger drugs. They help fast. It’s about injections in the joint. Such drugs do not spoil the gastrointestinal tract. In milder forms of the disease, the specialist prescribes the administration of tablets, intramuscular injections. The use of creams and ointments is always recommended, as an addition to the complex of basic therapy.

Pills

There are such effective NSAIDs (funds):

  1. “Indomethacin” (another name is “Metindol”). Tablets for joint pain relieve inflammation, have an antipyretic effect. The drug is drunk twice or thrice a day, 0,25-0,5 g.
  2. Etodolac (Etol Fort). Available in capsules. It quickly anesthetizes. It acts on the focus of inflammation. It should be drunk one tablet 1-3 times after a meal.
  3. “Aceclofenac” (“Aertal”, “Diclotol”, “Zerodol”). Diclofenac analog. The drug is taken on a tablet twice a day. The medicine often causes s >

Joint ointments

  1. With ibuprofen (Dolgit, Nurofen). Anti-inflammatory and analgesic ointment for joints with such a main component will help those with arthritis and trauma. Acts very fast.
  2. With diclofenac (Voltaren, Diklak, Diklofenak, Diklovit). Such medicinal ointments warm up, relieve pain and block inflammatory processes. Quickly help those who are difficult to move.
  3. With ketoprofen (Ketonal, Fastum, Ketoprofen Vramed). Prevent blood clots. If the ointments are used for too long, a rash may appear on the body.
  4. With indomethacin (Indomethacin Sofarma, Indovazin). They act similarly to ketoprofen-based drugs, but less intensively. They warm well, help with rheumato >

Injections

Allocate such NSAIDs for injection:

  1. Diclofenac. Relieves inflammation, pain, is prescribed for severe diseases. Intramuscularly administered 0,75 g of the drug once or twice a day.
  2. Tenoxicam (Texamen L). Soluble powder for injection. 2 ml per day is prescribed for mild pain syndrome. The dose is doubled and a five-day course is prescribed for gouty arthritis.
  3. “Lornoxicam” (“Larfix”, “Lorakam”). 8 mg of the drug is injected into the muscle or vein once or twice a day.

New generation anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs

More modern, and therefore more effective means:

  1. Movalis (Mirlox, Arthrosan). A very effective drug, manufactured in tablets, solution for injections, candles. Virtually no side effects. For injections use 1-2 ml of solution per day. Tablets are taken at 7,5 mg once or twice a day.
  2. “Celecoxib.” It has no fatal effect on the stomach. Take one or two tablets per day, but not more than 0,4 g of the drug per day.
  3. Arcoxia. The drug is in tablets. Dosage is prescribed depending on the severity of the disease.
  4. “Nimesulide.” Available in tablets, dilution bags, in gel form. The dose is determined by the doctor, as are the rules for admission.

Contraindications and side effects

The use of a group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of joints is prohibited with:

  • component intolerance;
  • an ulcer;
  • diseases of the liver, kidneys;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • anemia, high blood pressure;
  • heart disease
  • infections.

When taking medication, the following side effects may occur:

  • digestive system disorders;
  • swelling;
  • pressure increase;
  • impaired blood clotting;
  • bleeding from the nose;
  • impaired kidney function;
  • nausea;
  • allergy.

What medicines will save you from arthritis of the knee joint and speed up the treatment?

For the treatment of arthritis of the knee, doctors prescribe a variety of groups of drugs. These are not only tablets and injections, but also external agents (ointments and gels). The attending physician selects the most optimal option for getting rid of painful symptoms and improving the condition of the cartilage.

Causes and symptoms of knee inflammation

Arthritis of the knee joint is an inflammatory disease. It occurs most often due to increased loads, as well as the effect of infectious diseases on the joints. However, the causes of the development of the disease can also be:

  • regular stress;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • improper diet;
  • unfavorable ecological situation;
  • problems with the lymph nodes.

The combination of several causes, or even one of them, can affect the development of the disease. Arthritis will be a pain. It can occur both night and day. In addition, the following symptoms may occur:

  • swelling of the knee;
  • joint inflammation;
  • redness on the skin at the affected area;
  • stiffness of movements;
  • knee deformity.

Of course, you should not wait until the cartilage deformation begins. At the first sign, you should seek help from a specialist. After the diagnosis, the doctor will decide on the appointment of certain drugs to alleviate the symptoms and treat the disease.

Principles of treatment

How is knee arthritis treated? Treatment can be medication and surgical. The latter is not used too often, only if the drugs can not help. The usual tactic involves the use of such techniques:

  • medications;
  • preventive gymnastics;
  • massage;
  • physiotherapy.

As for exercise therapy and massage, these treatments are optional. Regular massage and gymnastics sessions help improve blood circulation and knee mobility. Physiotherapy is usually carried out simultaneously with the use of drugs. Procedures are designed to remove pain, relieve inflammation. And drugs are the main treatment.

Important! Yoga and folk remedies will also help in the treatment of knee arthritis. The more methods used, the better.

What kind of medicine do patients need?

Various pharmacological agents and dietary supplements are used to treat arthritis.

Oral and parenteral formulations

Anti-inflammatory drugs can quickly relieve pain and relieve swelling. Medicines block the formation of pro-inflammatory substances, so the intensity of inflammation decreases. However, these medicines do not remove the underlying cause of the disease. Drugs that relieve fever and pain also help to reduce symptoms and improve the quality of life of the patient.

Antipyretic and analgesics:

Chondroprotectors – help repair the joint (Rumalon). Chondroprotectors – these drugs do not act on the symptoms, they help restore damaged cartilage, so they are always prescribed for arthritis of the knee joint. Use such drugs for a long time, at least two months. There are many similar drugs, but the main active ingredients are the same. These include glucosamine and chondroitin. Chondrotin strengthens the structure of cartilage and inhibits substances that favor the destruction of this tissue.

Distracting and warming ointments:

Glucosamine is a naturally occurring substance. It stimulates the production of synovial fluid and due to this, the cartilage is restored, and the deformation is inhibited. In addition, if you use drugs with this component, the pain goes away.

As for fortifying agents and vitamins, this is an auxiliary method. Such drugs help strengthen the body, including joints, improve blood circulation.

Interesting! And vitamins C and group B contribute to the nutrition of tissues and bones.

Apply these funds for at least a month, like any vitamin and mineral complexes. Vitamins for arthritis are always prescribed, because they contribute to the speedy regeneration of cartilage tissue and slow down the aging of cells.

Steroid hormones or corticosteroids are very powerful anti-inflammatory drugs. They are used for severe pain, if non-steroidal drugs do not help.

Interesting! Dexamethasone is one of the most powerful corticosteroid drugs. Its properties in activity are 35 times higher than the same effects of cortisone.

These drugs are divided into two groups:

  1. Mineralocorticoids have an effect on water-salt metabolism.
  2. Glucocorticoids – for protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism.

They can be inserted into the joint itself. Their effectiveness is great, however, no more than four injections per year can be done. And they can act only a few weeks or a month. With too frequent injections, the joint can increase even more.

External means

Various ointments are also used. Ointment for arthritis of the knee joint gives a quick result, since it affects the drug locally:

  1. Anti-inflammatory – remove edema.
  2. Capsaicin medication is a substance that blocks neurotransmitters that transmit pain signals to the brain, that is, these drugs anesthetize.
  3. Homeopathic – reduce the intensity of pain and reduce inflammation.
  4. Distracting drugs – they irritate the skin, and a person is distracted from knee pain due to arthritis.
  5. Chondroprotectors – help restore cartilage in the joint.

Medicines that are prescribed in the treatment of this disease, relieve painful symptoms, and also affect the cartilage itself. Usually, drugs are used in combination, that is, ointments and tablets. And in severe cases, injections are also prescribed.

It all depends on the stage of the disease and the condition of the patient. However, in any case, it is necessary to treat arthritis of the knee joint. Treatment will help slow down the process of destruction, especially if you see a doctor at the beginning of the disease. The prognosis for arthritis treatment is usually favorable if the patient follows the doctor’s instructions exactly.

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What pills for arthrosis are the most effective and safe in treatment

Arthrosis refers to joint diseases. When it occurs, the destruction of cartilage, degenerative-dystrophic processes in the articulation and adjacent tissues occur. In the process of treatment, they take pills for arthrosis, and also resort to other methods – physiotherapy, drug injections and other therapeutic measures. With severe damage to the tissues of the joint, surgery is performed.

Briefly about arthrosis and its treatment

The disease can develop in any articular joint of the body. The most common are arthrosis of the knee, hip (coxarthrosis) joints, arthrosis of the hands. The causes of the pathology are most often trauma, metabolic disorders in the body, excess weight or excessive physical activity, chronic infections with frequent relapses. When arthrosis occurs pain of varying severity, stiffness, limitation of the amplitude of motion.

In the process of diagnosis, it is required to find out all the causes that provoked the disease. To do this, do an ultrasound of the joint, an X-ray of the affected area, a synovial fluid intake for analysis of the cellular and biochemical composition, and other types of studies.

Conservative treatment is often used, in which drugs of various directions are used. Antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, medications that help restore cartilage (chondroprotectors), painkillers, vasodilators, muscle relaxants are prescribed.

Types of pills

William Upjohn invented the form of medicine and began to produce it in 1880-1886. The main advantage of tablets over powders, granules, tinctures (until they came up with capsules, measuring spoons, other dispensers) was the high accuracy of dosing of active substances.

Get the form by pressing the prepared medicinal mixture. The tablets may be coated with a protective coating that prevents the drug from dissolving ahead of time, for example, in the mouth or esophagus. For the filler take one or more active substances, for example, talc, magnesium stearate, starch, titanium oxide (IV).

Types of tablets according to the dosage and effect of the main substance:

  • forte – a potent agent with a high content of active ingredient;
  • seven – the average dosage and severity of action;
  • mite – the minimum allowable dosage having a clinical effect.

Today, tablets are packaged and stored in hermetically sealed vials (glass, plastic), as well as convolutes – aluminum, plastic or paper blisters with cells.

Always pay attention to the integrity of the packaging and the information on the label. They must necessarily indicate the composition, name, information about the manufacturer, date of manufacture, expiration date.

The drug is stored in a dry place away from light at room temperature no more than + 25 ° C. At the end of the expiration date, the medicine is discarded, since all its medicinal properties disappear. When using expired medications, there is a high probability of poisoning, allergies, and with untimely intake of high-quality active substances into the body, the progression of pathology and the inefficiency of therapy.

List of pills for joint arthrosis

Pharmacotherapy offers many solid (tablet) and liquid forms of medicines for the treatment of arthrosis, however, the attending physician should choose them. First, experts always relieve acute inflammation and eliminate pain with the help of analgesics and non-steroidal drugs, then they conduct a comprehensive examination of the patient, and medications are prescribed for general and local therapy.

Chondroprotectors

Chondroprotectors are intended for the treatment of stage I – II arthrosis. The principle of action of these drugs is the restoration of cartilage and metabolism in the tissues of the damaged articular joint. Compounds of this group include substances such as chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine or hyaluronic ac />

The first results of treatment with chondoprotectors appear after 60-150 days. The full course lasts up to 6 months, then a break is made and a new course of treatment is prescribed. The duration of the drug and the pause between treatment courses is determined by the attending doctor. With arthrosis of the third degree, there is no sense in prescribing chondroprotectors, therefore, they resort to surgery (arthroscopy, osteotomy, endoprosthetics).

Anti-inflammatory drugs

In addition to chondroprotectors, non-stero />

The group includes Aertal, Etodolak, Sulindak, Piroxicam, Rofecoxib, Meloxicam, thiaprofenic acid, and other drugs with a similar type of action. The main purpose of the appointment is symptomatic therapy, including the removal of pain, swelling, lowering the temperature and other manifestations of inflammation.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can not be taken for a long time, because they have strong side effects – irritating effect on the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines, metabolic disorders, blood coagulation mechanism, arterial hypertension, heart and / or kidney failure.

NSAIDs have different degrees of action – in some patients, even aspirin can eliminate inflammation and relieve pain, and for others, even Diclofenac or another potent drug will not immediately bring relief. The reason for this is the individual sensitivity and degree of neglect of the disease.

Chondroprotectors

Effective drugs are chondoprotectors with a combined effect. They have multicomponent compositions and can simultaneously restore cartilage, relieve inflammation, reduce pain and swelling. However, people with individual intolerance to any component of the drug are recommended to use single-component means of targeted action. Before starting the course, people with an allergic mood are recommended to conduct tolerance tests.

Tablets for the treatment of arthrosis:

  • Chondroitin Forte;
  • Source Naturals complex;
  • Arthroprim;
  • Dextanol;
  • Hydroxythene;
  • Chondrosamine;
  • Structin (Chondroitin);
  • Artfish;
  • Boron Boron (capsules);
  • Arthron-Triaktiv Forte;
  • Meloxicam;
  • Osteal;
  • Osteoartisi Max (Osteoarteaze Max capsules);
  • Arthra
  • Nimesulide;
  • Ortofen.

Chondroprotectors and NSAIDs, intended for oral administration, affect all large and small joints of the body. In the pathology of the knee, hip joints, small joints of the hands, feet or other joints, local exposure is required. It is necessary to carry out intra-articular injections of anti-inflammatory drugs, physiotherapy using massage, UHF, exposure to shock waves, laser beams, cold, ozone.

Preparations for the local treatment of arthrosis

Gels, patches, ointments are used externally, less often – solutions of Mumiye tablets or liquids for compresses. Local remedies are used only in combination with essential medicines. They increase their effectiveness, accelerate the disappearance of symptoms.

Effective honey drugs for the treatment of joint arthrosis:

  • Revmalgon (gel balm);
  • Medical bile;
  • Chondroitin ointment;
  • Dimex />

With osteoarthritis, a diet with a predominance of protein products, intake of vitamin and mineral complexes, weight correction, physiotherapy exercises, and physiotherapy are also recommended.

Anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs for mild pain:

You can relieve severe pain with Indomethacin, Diclofenac, Ketoprofen, Phenylbutazone or corticosteroid hormones.

The Best Safe Arthrosis Medications

If you need long-term NSAIDs, pay attention to second-generation drugs – COX-2 inhibitors (selective anti-inflammatory drugs). They are safe, with prolonged use do not give complications to the heart, kidneys, hematopoietic system. The best remedy from the group is tablets or Movalis suppositories. With severe pain, intramuscular injections of the drug are prescribed.

Chondroprotectors, which include only glucosamine, hyaluronic acid or chondroitin sulfate, are also considered safe for the body.

With extreme caution, drugs are used externally, which include substances that irritate the skin (bee or snake venom, bile). They can cause a burn and an allergic reaction.

An alternative treatment for arthrosis is to use Mumiye externally, orally, or as an additive to therapeutic baths. Mumiye is safe, gives good results judging by user reviews on forums in 2015 and 2016. Doctors confirm the feasibility of its use only in combination with essential drugs.

Conclusion

Tablets from arthrosis should be taken only as directed by the doctor, after a thorough examination and examination. The patient himself cannot adjust the dosage or duration of the course. Joint diseases are a very complex pathology that requires long-term treatment. Inadequate therapy, ignoring medical advice, as well as self-medication, may result in surgery at best, and disability at worst. Be mindful of your health.

Shishkevich Vladimir

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews. It specializes in the treatment of diseases in orthopedic, traumatological, vertebrological profiles

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