Treatment of pathologies of the spine often involves the use of special exercises during the recovery period. Some people wonder if it is possible to ride a bicycle with a hernia of the spine. Any exercises, like the treatment regimen, must be approved by a specialist. Only the doctor knows when and what particular loads are allowed to be used during the development of the pathological process.
Are bike rides allowed?
A bicycle with a hernia of the lumbar spine is not the best activity for the patient, because during the trip there is a large load on the vertebrae. Spinal muscles are used to maintain balance, which does not very well affect their condition. This provokes the formation of a natural muscle corset, which is not justified for everyone.
When a person with similar signs of pathology gets on a bicycle, the load distribution on the body is improperly distributed. Often the patient, trying to increase speed and accelerate, reaches for the steering wheel. Being in this position for a long time can cause compression of the intervertebral cartilage.
This is a rather dangerous reaction, especially when there is a disease of the lumbar segment of the spine, since this part of the skeleton always has an increased load. It is worth noting that a long stay in this position (unnatural) is harmful to a healthy back. Many people, using an exercise bike with a hernia of the lumbar spine, are not even aware of such a danger.
The concussion that occurs when riding a bicycle is also adversely affected.
The natural task of disk cartilage is the depreciation of the vertebrae in the process of changing the position of the body (jumps or other similar situations). When the patient rides on a rough road, shaking begins, elastic cartilage sharply shrinks and straightens.
For a healthy person who does not have any back problems, this is a harmless phenomenon. However, when there are similar diseases, the deformed cartilage is not able to do its job efficiently – because of this, the vertebrae compress the nerve processes and the protruding segment of the disk, causing unpleasant consequences (pain syndrome, and sometimes even progression of the pathology).
When allowed to ride
However, despite the disease, cycling enthusiasts can enjoy cycling, subject to the following recommendations:
- No need to travel with an exacerbation of the inflammatory process;
- During a bike ride, you need to keep your back straight, and since it is not always convenient to control a person’s position in this case, they recommend putting on an orthopedic corset for a sore back area;
- Such products should be selected after consultation with a doctor;
- Keeping your back is required correctly – this will help to mount a comfortable seat with a special back on a bicycle;
- Avoid shaking so as not to provoke vertebral concussion.
In order not to provoke manifestations of unpleasant symptoms, you need to ride on special paths or choose asphalt or concrete pavement without defects. So is it possible to organize bicycle rides if a hernial deformity of the spinal disc is diagnosed? No, this is undesirable.
How to replace cycling
In the stage of calming down, the stage of exacerbation is better to use exercise therapy instead of a bicycle or its simulator (simulator). These procedures are prescribed for each patient individually, without fail given the localization of the hernia.
It is recommended to perform exercises up to 15 times in a supine position, back, or on all fours. You can use the fitball, a small gymnastic ball.
Useful to visit the pool. All classes on the horizontal bar should be carried out only by agreement with the doctor.
Today, there are different methods for restoring mobility. A well-known way to restore the mobility of the ridge is a technique developed by academician Dikul. Special exercises for the back with hernial protrusion, recommended by him, not only help relieve pain attacks, but also increase the period of remission.
The academician specially developed special simulators that can help in the recovery process even for those patients who have severe illnesses provoked by injuries or surgical intervention in the spine. The basis of the whole technique:
- The regularity of exercise;
- Gradual and systematic increase in load;
- Unconditional compliance with the established rules.
Dikul exercises are based on performing strength and stretching exercises. Such movements help strengthen a weakened muscle corset, while they also improve blood circulation. In addition to such gymnastics, the complex contains elements of breathing exercises, yoga, as well as Pilates.
Therefore, the technique contains some unusual movements for most. Dikul convinces that the neurons inside the spine can be restored only with correctly selected physical activities. However, the success of the classes is the patient’s efforts and his positive attitude.
Summing up, we note that we figured out the question of whether the bike and hernia of the lumbar spine are compatible. The answer is no.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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