Many over 45 begin to experience pain in the heart. Such a symptom leads a person to a state of panic, because it is not known what exactly caused this condition.
Often thoughts come to mind that serious heart problems have begun and perhaps emergency assistance from cardiologists is required. Having made a cardiogram and received a quite satisfactory result, the person’s perplexity only increases.
What could cause the pain in the heart? And, most importantly, what to do in such a situation? The answer is actually simple, although not everyone knows the answer to it. Heart pain often occurs due to other ailments. This situation develops in particular with breast osteochondrosis. Is it worth paying attention to pains of this nature?
- How does osteochondrosis appear?
- The main symptoms of osteochondrosis
- What are the differences between osteochondrosis and heart pain
- The nature of pain
- Pain duration
- Pain location
- Associated symptoms
- Why does tachycardia and arrhythmia occur in osteochondrosis?
- Extrasystole due to breast osteochondrosis?
- Hypertension as a result
How does osteochondrosis appear?
The mechanism is quite simple. Throughout life, a person performs a certain physical activity. Most of it “lies” on the spine. To make the vertebrae easier to cope with the tasks assigned to it, there are intervertebral discs between them. The latter, in turn, play the role of shock absorbers, preventing friction of the vertebrae against each other.
Microcracks appear on the surface of the cartilage, the tissues are destroyed, as a result of this process – the vertebrae begin to come into contact. As a result of friction, an inflammatory process occurs that is painfully tolerated.
With thoracic osteochondrosis, there is an active abrasion of the intervertebral discs in the thoracic spine. As a result of pathology, the patient not only loses endurance, he is no longer able to perform physical activity in the same volumes. He begins to torment pains, which become more and more intense each time.
To alleviate the patient’s condition, specialized treatment is required. If the therapeutic course was not carried out on time, the patient may experience a number of health problems. In particular, various pathologies arise from the cardiac system.
The main symptoms of osteochondrosis
There are certain signs that will reveal chest osteochondrosis against other diseases.
- The first thing to understand is exactly where the source of pain is. With thoracic osteochondrosis, the pain mainly comes from the chest. It can be sharp, as if squeezing from all sides. Often there is a feeling of shortness of breath and even shortness of breath with a cough. Sometimes the pain syndrome gives to the area of the shoulder blades, there is a feeling of dull pain. Unpleasant soreness can “roll” after physical exercises, it also makes itself felt after sitting in an uncomfortable position;
- Sometimes thoracic osteochondrosis can appear in the form of numbness in the arms, legs, shoulders and neck. Often limbs freeze even in the summer, when there is no reason for this;
- Headaches and dizziness periodically occur.
These are the main signs of thoracic osteochondrosis, which you need to pay attention to. All these painful conditions are the result of vascular pressure between the affected vertebrae as a result of thoracic osteochondrosis. It is believed that in women all these symptoms are more pronounced.
In addition to these three symptoms, which are considered to be the main ones, it also makes sense to pay attention to the emerging dorsalgia. This is a weak pain syndrome that occurs in the area of damaged vertebrae.
These pains are not intense, sometimes they cause a feeling of stiffness in the muscles. In this case, there is a feeling that the source of pain is in the region of the stomach, liver or pancreas. This is actually a false sensation. Thoracic osteochondrosis has nothing to do with the digestive organs.
What are the differences between osteochondrosis and heart pain
How to distinguish chest osteochondrosis from heart disease, if the symptoms are very similar in many respects? There are a number of signs that you should pay special attention to.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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The nature of pain
First of all, you need to try to analyze the nature of the pain. Many heart diseases also begin with discomfort in the heart. With osteochondrosis, the pain is compressive.
At the same time, it either grows or recedes, but most often it does not let go for a long time and is stable. Often the pulse quickens, which is even more misleading. Sometimes there is a feeling of warmth inside the sternum.
With cervicothoracic osteochondrosis, the patient often complains of pain in the lower cervical vertebrae. Sometimes muscle weakness of the left hand is noted, the use of the little finger is especially problematic. Hand movement does not provide relief, only exacerbating soreness.
With the onset of angina pectoris and heart attack, some pain may be similar in nature. The main difference is that with osteochondrosis, soreness increases with inspiration. A tablet of Nitroglycerin or Validol will relieve pain caused by heart problems. Against osteochondrosis, this method will not help in any case.
But with the introduction of Novocaine solution in the region of the VI, VII vertebrae of the neck and I of the thoracic vertebra, the pain goes away. If distilled water is introduced instead of Novocaine in the chest area, a slight tingling appears. This is a clear sign that the cause of the pain was thoracic osteochondrosis.
This feature also requires a closer look. With heart problems, the pain in his area does not last long, usually a couple of minutes. While the painful sensation caused by thoracic osteochondrosis can last for several days.
But here there is a pitfall, if the pain does not release for several days, while there is a clear weakness in the whole body – consult a doctor immediately.
It is possible that the cause of the malaise was acute myocardial infarction.
Equally important is the place of pain. In the case of heart disease, the source of pain is concentrated on the left side of the chest, sometimes it gives pain to the neck, neck and shoulder. While in osteochondrosis, the pain syndrome affects the chest, lumbar, and cervical spine.
Pay attention to the accompanying symptoms. Heart pain in most cases does not go away without increased heart rate and breathing. Veins on the neck can sometimes swell, for example, with pericarditis.
With osteochondrosis, such a symptom is not observed, but a general stiffness in the movements may well appear.
Why does tachycardia and arrhythmia occur in osteochondrosis?
Arrhythmia is perhaps the most common consequence of disregarded thoracic osteochondrosis. With this ailment, compression of the artery, which runs along the entire spine, often occurs.
Compression can occur as bone growths, and muscles located in hypertonicity. As a result, the pressure inside the vessels increases. The body needs more effort to “push” the blood through the inflection. Against the background of this phenomenon, there is an increase in heart rate.
Arrhythmia can manifest itself in different ways. Alternatively, it can spill over into the sinus tachycardia. But how to find out what exactly caused the tachycardia – a heart disease or thoracic osteochondrosis?
Tachycardia with problems with the spine is a constant phenomenon. The number of strokes is approximately 90 per minute. It is observed even in a state of complete rest, while with diseases of the heart system, a rap >
Extrasystole due to breast osteochondrosis?
This ailment can occur bypassing tachycardia. It occurs much less often than tachycardia and occurs in advanced forms of osteochondrosis. The disease is also a consequence of a disturbed heart rhythm. The cause of it is premature accelerated contraction of the heart muscle, which immediately follows normal.
A person may not feel ailment at all. Sometimes it may feel as if the heart froze for a moment, or, conversely, accelerated. In this case, a very weak pulse is noted. It may not be traceable at all.
If you do not pay timely attention to these symptoms, it is likely that chronic myocardial hypoxia develops – this is one of the most serious diseases characterized by insufficient oxygenation of the heart muscle. And this is already fraught with more serious problems.
For example, insufficient nutrition of the brain with oxygen, which will also entail a number of serious malfunctions in the central nervous system.
The first signs of manifestation of extrasystole are noted only during exercise. At rest, the heart rate returns to normal on its own. What are the signs to determine the presence of extrasystole in osteochondrosis?
- Heart palpitations with a hardly readable pulse;
- The muscles between the shoulder blades are constantly tense;
- A person often feels fainting, weakness and dizziness;
- Often there is a feeling of increased heat, sweating intensifies;
- Does not let go of a feeling of internal discomfort;
- The pulse intensifies periodically, it is unstable and works on the principle of a wave – sometimes amplifying, then almost fading;
- The volume of extrasystolic discharge exceeds the norm – this indicator can be found using a tonometer.
These symptoms can be felt constantly, but most often they intensify at night or at those times when the patient is in a horizontal position. Elementary limb movements enhance symptoms.
This state of health can last for several hours. All attempts to stabilize the work of the heart with the use of cardiac drugs do not give a positive result. An attempt to identify the causes of cardiac malaise by means of an ECG also does not answer the question.
If attempts to administer Novocaine between the sixth and seventh vertebrae of the cervical spine and the first thoracic vertebra gave a positive result, there is no doubt. In this case, the cause of heart ailments was precisely chest osteochondrosis.
Hypertension as a result
Very often, chest osteochondrosis goes hand in hand with high blood pressure. The reason for this duet is squeezing the vertebral artery. This may occur due to muscle spasm, resulting in significant swelling of muscle tissue. Displacement of the vertebrae may also be a reason for compression of the artery – such a violation also occurs in thoracic osteochondrosis.
For the simple reason that it is the vertebral artery that is responsible for the nutrition of the brain with oxygen and other useful components, the missing substances for normal functioning occur. Brain cells are starving.
To provide the brain with the proper amount of nutrition, and to “push” the blood flow through the inflection, the body is forced to increase the speed of blood flow. With this mode of operation, the body begins to automatically release substances that help increase pressure.
This allows you to give proper nutrition to the brain, but leads to hypertension.
If you do not draw a parallel between osteochondrosis and high blood pressure and start the treatment of hypertension as an independent phenomenon, such treatment is unlikely to give a long lasting result. Such experiments can only aggravate the situation, adding further problems in the work of the cardiovascular system.
How to determine the hypertension caused by osteochondrosis?
- Periodically, the patient experiences dizziness, most often at times of overwork;
- Frequent drowsiness, due to insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain, the body is trying to “save” nutrients to maintain vital organs in a healthy state. A state of sleep helps to save strength;
- Permanent weakness is also a consequence of the brain’s lack of oxygen .;
- Violation, confusion;
- The appearance of “flies” in front of the eyes – this symptom is often noted by people with high blood pressure, not knowing that the reason for this pressure is most likely not in the poor condition of the vessels, but in osteochondrosis;
- Periodically, all objects begin to double in the eyes;
- Often there is a deterioration in vision, the same reasons – little oxygen;
- Hearing impairment;
- With significant oxygen starvation, there may be fainting – this is a protective reaction of the body.
Knowing the signs of the disease is good, but only the doctor can make the most accurate diagnosis using modern diagnostic tools. The easiest and most affordable way – an ECG. This study will allow us to establish in a short time whether the cause of pain in the region of the heart is a malfunction of the cardiovascular system or this ailment has a different pathology.
If the ECG confirms that the heart is functioning properly, it makes sense to prescribe an MRI. This method allows you to get a layered image of the entire spine or its departments. These images will allow you to quickly and accurately determine whether a person has problems with the spine.
If suspicion of osteochondrosis is confirmed, treatment should be started immediately.