Heel Spur Treatment Methods

The content of the article
  1. How to effectively heal a heel spur at home and get r >
  2. What is the heel spur
  3. Heel pain causes and symptoms of heel spur
  4. What is a heel spur and what symptoms indicate its occurrence on the sole of the foot
  5. What to do if the heel hurts and this spur formed on the leg?
  6. Spurs on the heels of the cause and treatment with alternative methods
  7. Heel spur treatment with alcohol
  8. Heel Spur Foil Treatment
  9. The first way to treat spurs with foil
  10. The second method of treating the calcaneus with foil
  11. Treatment of calcaneal spur with red pepper
  12. Heel Spur Treatment with Dimexidum
  13. Heel Spur Treatment with Laundry Soap
  14. Conclusion
  15. Quick and effective heel spur treatment
  16. What is the heel spur
  17. The most effective methods of physiotherapy
  18. Shock wave therapy
  19. Ultra High Frequency Therapy
  20. Electrophoresis
  21. Magnetotherapy
  22. Laser therapy
  23. Therapeutic gymnastics and massage
  24. Blockade
  25. Home Treatment Methods
  26. The most effective drugs
  27. Folk recipes that quickly relieve pain and inflammation
  28. Heel Spur Treatment
  29. Causes of heel spurs
  30. Symptoms of the heel spur
  31. Which doctor should I contact with heel spur
  32. Heel Spur Treatment
  33. Heel spur
  34. All about varicose veins: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
  35. How to care for your feet
  36. Calcaneal spur: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment at home
  37. Causes
  38. Symptomatology of the disease
  39. Diagnostics
  40. Heel Spur Treatment Methods
  41. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  42. Local anti-inflammatory drugs
  43. Injection therapy
  44. Application of compresses
  45. Massage at home
  46. Physiotherapy exercises (LFK)
  47. Prevention
  48. Heel Spur Treatment Methods
  49. Calcaneal spur – is treatment required?
  50. Why is there a heel spur?
  51. Effective Heel Spur Treatments
  52. Prevention of plantar fasciitis

How to effectively heal a heel spur at home and get r >

I know firsthand the problem of spurs on the heels. The question arose before me, but how can I heal the heel spur at home, maybe I can cope with the pain in the foot using folk remedies and recipes.

The first symptom was unbearable heel pain when stepping on it, but I did not understand the reason for its appearance. I think that it will probably be useful for everyone to know where the heel spurs on the legs come from and what their causes are.

How to cure an acquired disease with a medical name – plantar fascia. I’ll tell you more about this now, which tips of traditional medicine I used at home when I had this problem.

What is the heel spur

The heel spur in medical language is called plantar fasciitis, this is a disease on the sole of the foot that causes severe pain when walking.

Our foot consists of a huge number of small bones, and the largest of them is the calcaneus. The spur appears in the area of ​​the calcaneal tuber, this is the main place of attachment of almost all that is on the foot and half the weight of a person falls on this zone and there is a huge load on the person’s legs.

Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissue in the lower part of the foot that limits us in normal movement and causes pain in the foot.

Fascia is constantly irritated by the calcaneus and the inflammatory process around the calcaneal tuber begins, this is the basis of plantar fasciitis on the sole of the foot and the so-called spur on the heel and the heel spur.

Not always with a calcaneus disease, a growth is really formed, the main cause of the disease is inflammatory processes in the plantar plantar fascia.

Heel pain causes and symptoms of heel spur

So where do the spurs on my legs come from and prevent me from walking, living quietly? Heel spurs and the causes of this disease are different. Here are some of the most common that cause inflammation:

  • Excess weight is one of the causes of the heel spur, as the load on the foot of the foot increases. Narrow and uncomfortable shoes, as well as shoes with small soles of less than 2-3 centimeters.
  • Calcaneal spur from what else arises? Most often, the heel spur that has arisen is provoked by standing work and various types of injuries, athletes, pregnant women can be at risk.
  • Long walking, although useful for health, can lead to an excessive load of the foot and can contribute to the development of the heel spur.
  • The presence of such a disease as flat feet accelerates the development of the heel spur and correctly selected shoes are an assistant in the fight against it.
  • If the metabolism in the body is impaired and this can contribute to spurs on the legs.
  • Blood flow disorders in the lower extremities, patients with gout and arthritis, can also lead to plantar fasciitis.
  • This disease usually affects middle-aged and elderly people. The acquisition of spurs may be associated with the depletion of a fat pad on the heel and the calcaneus is subjected to shock.

What is a heel spur and what symptoms indicate its occurrence on the sole of the foot

The heel spur and what it arises from, how to treat it, the question arises before us, if suddenly there is pain in the heel when walking and it feels like stepping on a nail.

I repeat that plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissue in the lower part of the foot that causes pain in the leg, it is impossible to walk and brings suffering to a person. The most important symptom is severe heel pain.

  • Getting up in bed in the morning after sleeping, you cannot get on your foot. During the night, the formed micro-tears in the heel spur stick together, and you get up and again there is pain with a load on the heel.
  • During the day, the calcaneus hurts when walking, as again the load on the legs intensifies.
  • The gait of a person with a spur on his leg changes. He tries to step on the toe more so as not to cause more pain.

Appearing pains in the foot of the feet on the side and in the sole during rest and walking, pain in the heel upon the onset, these are symptoms of the occurrence of plantar fasciitis.

What to do if the heel hurts and this spur formed on the leg?

  1. If you are overweight, then try to reduce weight to remove the load on the sole of the foot.
  2. If you have severe pain while walking, then try to limit yourself to walking.
  3. Shoes with low soles below 2-3 centimeters negatively affect the foot. Replace your shoe with a heel of at least 3 centimeters. Surprisingly, so often criticized high heels can help improve blood flow in the legs, and thereby reduce heel pain.
  4. Replace regular insoles with orthopedic and silicone heel cushions to reduce the load on the painful heel bone.
  5. Follow a milk and vegetable diet, these nutritional recommendations will ease and reduce heel pain along with other folk tips.
  6. The presence of such a disease as flat feet accelerates the development of the heel spur and it is necessary to choose the right shoes, free and not narrow.
  7. It is possible that once a former foot injury could lead to spurs.

Spurs on the heels of the cause and treatment with alternative methods

We have already talked about why heel spurs occur. I repeat that they are associated with overweight people, if uncomfortable shoes, there is a risk from standing work to get a heel spur, there may be former injuries.

Now plantar fasciitis is well treated and there are different methods of treatment. Folk methods and numerous reviews of people who have this problem say that these tips help with the treatment of heel spurs, help eliminate pain and inflammation.

Spur on the heel, how to treat and what folk remedies at home help? How to apply all these recommendations and tips yourself at home:

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Heel spur treatment with alcohol

You can treat heel spurs with alcohol and help your heel reduce pain and relieve inflammation.

In a deep frying pan or dishes, we heat the alcohol to 40 degrees or in the microwave. We take great care when heating alcohol to avoid a fire or the likelihood of a burn. Within 2 days, the pain will decrease and it will be easier to walk.

In heated alcohol we lower the foot and soar our legs until our “steam room” cools down. After taking the warming bath, we don’t wipe the legs, put on the socks, then after half an hour we repeat the warming procedure again.

If you heat the heels with alcohol, you can get rid of the heel spur. Reducing the pain of inflammation of plantar fasciitis occurs due to improved blood circulation in the legs.

Heel Spur Foil Treatment

In this case, when we will treat the heel spur with foil, we use food foil. We also need tape, a patch and a gauze bandage. You can treat a spur on the leg in 2 ways using foil.

The first way to treat spurs with foil

Cut a piece of tape on the size of our heels and even a little more. We take a piece of foil slightly smaller than scotch tape, stick a shiny side to the sore heel with a band-aid, wrap the whole foot in a large piece of foil and fix it with a bandage, gradually increasing the treatment process from 20 minutes to 2 hours daily.

To do better treatment of spurs with foil on the heels at night. We do not use the used foil anymore and throw it away.

The second method of treating the calcaneus with foil

If there is a roll of food foil at home for use in the preparation of various delicious dishes, then we take a large piece of foil and a shiny side to the heel, wrap the entire foot with an ordinary medical bandage for greater strengthening.

Foil helps reduce spur pain on the legs and helps stop the inflammatory process, improve blood circulation in the tissues of the foot and heel.

Treatment of calcaneal spur with red pepper

Every housewife has red pepper, which they use to add flavor to various dishes. It can also be useful for the treatment of spurs on the legs.

We take ground red pepper and fall asleep in woolen socks, put on legs. We stand for 8-9 hours and enough for this procedure.

From red pepper, blood circulation in the foot will improve, and thereby a decrease in heel pain will be felt.

Heel Spur Treatment with Dimexidum

In the pharmacy we buy a drug called dimexide and begin treatment of heel spurs.

This is done so, take 1/4 cup of warm water and add 20 mg of Dimexidum there. We mix and in the finished solution we moisten the multilayer swab, you can cosmetic, and apply to the heel. Bandage the foot with a gauze bandage, hold for about 30 minutes and do this for 2 weeks.

Dimexide has anti-inflammatory and disinfecting properties, penetrates deeply under the skin and promotes analgesia.

Heel Spur Treatment with Laundry Soap

We will treat heel spurs with household soap, it should be at least 72 percent, and we also need a gauze bandage.

From the bandage we cut a piece about the size of the heel and in double size, a little more than a heel. Wet the resulting swab in warm water and rub until a soap clot is obtained on a piece of laundry soap. Then we apply to the calcaneus, bandage, put on a warm little sock and leave it overnight.

Folk councils say that you need to do lotions with laundry soap for 2 weeks for the effective treatment of heel spurs ..

Conclusion

How to cure heel spur effectively and get rid of pain and inability to walk without pain, and even independently at home, and this is my note. Spurs on the heels, the causes of their occurrence can be prevented in some cases, knowing their causes.

Treatment at home with folk remedies will also help stop the inflammatory process in the foot, and this is evidenced by the numerous reviews of patients with such a disease as plantar fasciitis, and my personal experience in fighting heel spurs using the recommendations of traditional medicine.

If my note was useful and interesting to you, share it with your friends. I will continue my conversation about the disease of the heel spur, about the methods of treating other diseases at home with the initial signs.

Quick and effective heel spur treatment

Many people around the world suffer from unpleasant sensations in the heel, the cause of which is usually the appearance of an acute bone process. According to statistics, 10% of the world’s population suffers from this ailment, and women suffer more often than men because of the structure of the foot, softer ligaments and a neglect of their own comfort when choosing shoes. The fast and effective treatment of spurs on the heels combines a whole range of measures, including various types of therapy: home, medication, physiotherapy, massage and therapeutic exercises.

What is the heel spur

Plantar fasciitis, or calcaneal spur, is a degenerative disease of the lower extremities, which is characterized by the appearance of an acute bone process (osteophyte) in the heel. Pain sensations arise due to the pressure of the spike on the soft tissues of the foot. Therefore, many suffering from this ailment are interested in the question of how to quickly cure a spur on the leg.

The main symptom is pain, which is usually compared to the sensation of a nail in the heel. She appears:

  • In the morning, immediately after waking up, at the first steps;
  • When resting on the heel;
  • With pressure in the calcaneal tuber.

Osteophyte appears when the load on the arch of the foot is improperly distributed. Most often, the cause of the appearance is flat feet, injuries to the muscles and ligaments of the foot, excess weight, metabolic disorders. The diagnosis is made by a doctor, surgeon or orthopedist. Patient complaints and examinations can clarify the disease; an X-ray or ultrasound may be required to confirm the disease. To eliminate the ailment, complex therapy is used, prescribed by a specialist.

The most effective methods of physiotherapy

Doctors recommend using physiotherapy to eliminate the symptoms of the disease. With its help, it turns out to conduct a faster and more effective treatment of heel spurs, thanks to additional exposure, the patient’s condition will soon begin to improve. If at the initial stage of the development of the disease one does not deal with the solution of the problem, then the patient’s condition will become worse, and at the advanced stage the doctors prescribe surgery.

Shock wave therapy

Still not widespread, but effective technique which is based on the influence of shock acoustic waves. After the first five sessions, the symptoms become less pronounced. The main disadvantage of UVT is a lot of contraindications. This method is forbidden to use by pregnant and lactating women, in the presence of infectious and oncological diseases, with pathologies of the cardiovascular system, violation of blood coagulation, when using pacemakers, as he breaks the rhythm of his work.

Ultra High Frequency Therapy

This is an effective treatment for heel spurs, based on the use of high-frequency electromagnetic fields, which improve tissue regeneration, increase vascular permeability, and stimulate blood and lymph flow. Due to this, pain and inflammation pass. Contraindications are the same as in UVT, and it is also dangerous with low blood pressure.

Electrophoresis

Delivers drugs to the affected area due to electric current. This method helps to relieve pain, eliminate inflammation and enhances tissue regeneration. It cannot be used for cancers, acute infections, asthma, dermatitis, heart failure and high blood pressure.

Magnetotherapy

The technique is based on the action of electromagnetic fields on the human body. Due to the action of the magnet, the vessels of the lower extremities expand, blood circulation and lymph flow improve, tissues are filled with oxygen. This method of therapy eliminates discomfort, removes excess fluid.

Laser therapy

The laser beam acts on the soft tissues in the affected area, so that blood circulation becomes better, pain and swelling are eliminated. This method has proven effective in relieving pain and inflammation, without destroying the osteophyte.

Therapeutic gymnastics and massage

Many patients wonder how to quickly get rid of heel spurs. The answer is simple: it is necessary to supplement the therapy with massage and gymnastics. They help get rid of pain and inflammation. Massage improves blood circulation, relieves swelling, improves cellular metabolism in the skin, thanks to it the osteophyte is destroyed. Physical exercises relieve stress from the foot, trains its muscles and ligaments, preventing the further development of the disease.

Blockade

Blockades help to quickly relieve pain with heel spur. This rather effective method of treatment involves the introduction of injections into the affected areas of the foot. The injections produce a long-lasting effect, sometimes with the help of a blockade it is possible to forget forever about pain in the heel, but they also have a significant drawback – with frequent use they can contribute to the development of bone fragility in the area of ​​drug administration. The procedure is carried out only by a qualified specialist.

Home Treatment Methods

Doctors recommend using traditional prescriptions with conservative therapies to speed up the recovery process. Simple and effective recipes for heel spurs require quite a long time to use, but their effectiveness has been proven for years of use. In addition to medicines and folk recipes, it is recommended to use special orthopedic devices: insoles or arch supports. They help maintain the arch of the foot in a physiological position, relieve the load from the heel, distributing evenly over the entire surface of the foot, so unpleasant sensations recede.

The most effective drugs

The drugs used to eliminate the disease should eliminate inflammation and pain, and can also affect the causes of the disease. With the help of various medicines, you can quickly cure a spur on the heel.

Ointments are applied to the sore spot, only after the doctor has prescribed a course of treatment. There are two types of ointments: hormonal and non-steroidal. Among the first, prednisone and betamethasone are most often used. They are one of the most effective methods of treating calcaneal spurs, but have a number of contraindications, they are forbidden to use for diabetes, obesity, glaucoma and Itszengo-Cushing’s disease.

Non-steroidal ointments can be used with almost no restrictions, but treatment takes a longer period of time: 3 to 8 weeks, depending on the patient’s condition. Usually, doctors prescribe Voltaren and Naproxen, Ibuprofen and Diclofenac. They help relieve inflammation, it is best used as a compress: apply gel under the bandage, apply the bandage overnight, and rinse with warm water in the morning.

Effective treatment of spurs on the heels at home is carried out with the help of Dimexidum, only before that it is necessary to consult a doctor. The tool not only helps relieve inflammation, but also improves the susceptibility of tissues, transports useful medicinal components into the deeper layers of the skin. The drug is most effective when used with other methods of therapy. Dimexide is forbidden to use in concentrated form, it must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 4 or 1: 5, so as not to provoke the appearance of burns.

Folk recipes that quickly relieve pain and inflammation

Simple and affordable methods of traditional medicine necessarily complement the conservative treatment, they affect the affected area, without harming the person. They help relieve swelling, eliminate pain and discomfort, their effectiveness has been proven for years of use. To eliminate the ailment, lotions, tinctures, decoctions and compresses can be used. The most effective folk remedies for heel spurs:

  • It relieves pain and swelling of the bath with salt very well, it is preferable to use sea, but acceptable and cook. Mix salt with tolerably hot water in a ratio of 1: 5. Keep your feet in the bath until the solution cools down. At least 10 procedures are recommended.

  • For a long time, iodine has been called the best remedy for spurs on the heels. It is added to the salt baths or applied in the form of a net on a heel pre-lubricated with camphor oil. Treatment should not last more than 2 weeks.
  • An effective recipe for eliminating pain from cabbage and honey. A teaspoon of honey is applied to the gouge leaf and left in the affected area overnight, wrapped in polyethylene, to enhance the action, it is recommended to put on a sock on top for warmth. In the morning, wash your feet with warm water. The course lasts until the unpleasant symptoms are eliminated.

  • A compress of ammonia will reduce inflammation. The drug must be applied to a bandage or gauze, applied to a heel pre-oiled with baby cream. Wrap your leg and leave the bandage to warm up all night. The course of treatment lasts no more than 7 consecutive days.
  • Simple onions and tar treat pain. Cut the onion head in half and drip tar on it. On half-steamed legs, attach half of the onion and fix. The procedure is recommended to be performed before bedtime, for 1-2 weeks.
  • Lilac tincture is easy to prepare, but very effective in treating osteophyte. To prepare it, you need to fill the flowers with vodka in a ratio of 1:10 and leave for 10 days. After the alcohol solution is ready, it is used as a compress for the whole night or rub the product into the affected heel. With each procedure, the discomfort caused by the disease is reduced.

  • Very effective homemade ointment from the heel spur. Mix baby cream 50 g, one tablespoon of tar birch tar and honey, chopped chili pepper 20 g. Mass is applied 2-3 times a day for a week. Such an ointment eliminates joint pain.

Plantar fasciitis is a disease that no one is safe from, if you notice its first signs, then be sure to consult a doctor, he will tell you a quick and effective treatment of spurs on the heels that is suitable for you. At the first stages of the development of the disease, bone growth can be eliminated even at home, but if you ignore the development of the disease, then surgical intervention may be necessary. Many patients ask how to get rid of calcaneal spurs forever, for this it is necessary not only to conduct complex therapy, but also to pay attention to the prevention of relapses.

Heel Spur Treatment

Heel spur. The disease with such a mysterious name has a medical term – in medicine it is called plantar fasciitis. In this image you can see where the plantar fascia is located, and you can also see the place of formation of the heel spur:

As you see in the figure, the plantar fascia (in other words, the connective tissue plate) is stretched from the tuber (or apex) of the calcaneus over the muscles, and is attached by four rays to the metatarsal bones of the toes. Fascia is in a tight state and is designed to control the load on the leg when walking, as well as to protect the bones and joints of the foot from damage.

Causes of heel spurs

The weakest point is precisely the place of attachment of the fascia to the calcaneus. Due to the heavy load on the plantar fascia, it is traumatized, especially at the site of its attachment to the calcaneus. This happens when using the wrong shoes, flat feet.

In people whose tissue regeneration of the plantar fascia is slowed down, a microbial (or aseptic) inflammation occurs at the site of attachment of the fascia to the calcaneus. This can occur due to the age of the patient, as well as be congenital delayed tissue regeneration.

As a result, swelling and pain occurs at the site of inflammation. But at the time of the onset of pain, the heel spur itself may not yet exist. The more a person loads the foot, the more traumatization of the plantar fascia occurs and the pain, discomfort when walking increases, as there is an increase in inflammation in the surrounding tissues and the destruction of the fascia itself. The bone growth itself – the heel spur itself – often occurs later. That is, there is pain in the heel, but nothing is visible on the X-ray.

And now let’s find out where the heel spur comes from. The thing is that the cells of the plantar fascia are very rich in calcium, and during their massive death, when the fascia is damaged, calcium is deposited, especially in the area of ​​the calcaneal tuber. And so there is a heel spur.

Symptoms of the heel spur

A patient with a heel spur has heel pain, which can give to the toes and muscles of the legs. The pain often intensifies during exertion, long walking, and standing. Over time, pain appears after resting, morning pain may disturb.

Which doctor should I contact with heel spur

An orthopedic trauma surgeon, as well as a surgeon, are involved in this disease.

For the diagnosis of calcaneal spur, it is necessary to examine the patient with palpation of the calcaneus, as well as X-ray diagnostics in order to detect a growth on the calcaneus and ultrasound diagnostics of the calcaneus. It is possible to conduct additional blood tests to exclude other diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Heel Spur Treatment

The so-called non-drug methods of treatment include the wearing of special orthopedic insoles, which reduce the load on the leg, supporting the arch of the foot. For each patient, special orthopedic shoes with a recess for the spur can be made separately. According to the experience of many orthopedists, wearing such an individual insole can completely relieve symptoms of the heel spur even without the use of drugs. The use of orthopedic shoes is a fairly effective method of treating these patients, because removes excess load from the foot.

Effectively reduces pain in the heel spur foot massage, as it reduces tissue stress in the heel. Each patient can carry out self-massage of the foot at home using the most ordinary bottle:

For any disease, heel spur is no exception, do not confuse anesthesia and treatment. Pain is a protective reaction of the body when the process of destruction of the fascia prevails over recovery. The pain occurs quite strong, so often anesthesia is simply necessary, but it does not eliminate the pathological processes in the focus of inflammation, but only blocks pain reactions for a while. After anesthesia, relief occurs, but it is temporary and is not associated with an improvement in the course of the disease – this is important to understand.

Hormonal drugs are used for pain relief, but you need to know that they are dangerous, because they can lead to necrosis of the calcaneus. Anesthetics are also used, which are injected using an injection (blockade), as well as electrophoresis, phonophoresis. Medicines that are used to relieve pain in this disease are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, naproxen, movalis), also used in the form of ointments. Ointment is applied to the heel 2-3 times a day. These drugs, in addition to analgesia, also reduce inflammation in the focus.

Anesthesia is not a cure for the disease, therefore, in the treatment of heel spurs, methods can be used that include cleaning the heel tissues of substances that contribute to the formation of the heel spur. This is the so-called phoning (deep micromassage at the cellular level) at home, or on an outpatient basis, or shock wave therapy in a clinic. Ultrasonic and laser therapy are also used, which well remove inflammation in the heel. A good effect is given by various mineral baths, cryotherapy, special mud applications.

None of the methods gives a % guarantee of cure, therefore, if these treatment methods are ineffective, if bone growths continue to progress, they resort to surgical removal of the heel spur.

It is also necessary to say about alternative methods of conservative treatment. Alternative methods of treatment can be combined with physiotherapy, wearing special shoes, but in no case use only traditional medicine, rejecting other methods of treatment. Otherwise, you can get only the progression of the disease.

Folk remedies for the treatment of heel spurs include treatment with aluminum foil. It warms up the surrounding tissue, reducing inflammation. The body is also saturated with metal and an electrostatic field is created. The foil is glued with tape with the reflecting side on top for 20 minutes – 2 hours a day. Contraindications for the treatment of foil are any tumors that, when heated, can increase in size. As well as skin diseases and allergies to foil.

Cinderella tincture treatment. Dilute one tablespoon in 1/3 cup, take 3 times a day for 3 weeks.

Baths with sea salt relieve pain in the heel spur. For the bath, you need to take 2-3 tablespoons of sea or ordinary salt per liter of water, dilute the salt. The duration of the procedure is 30-40 minutes.

Each orthopedic traumatologist from experience has their own views on the problem of heel spurs. Some of them pay attention to the futility of destroying the bone “spike” without eliminating the root cause of the disease – foot overload. In this case, the spur will return again. Other doctors are skeptical of medication and physiotherapy in this case. The point of view is explained very simply: until the bone spike is bent, the pain with inflammation will not go away. What to do? It is to the bend of the bone outgrowth that another method of alternative medicine is directed, which requires a little exposure. This scheme has helped many patients to completely get rid of pain:

  1. Steam your feet in the most tolerable hot water for about 30 minutes.
  2. Stand on the sore heel, pushing it as much as possible. In this position, remain until the foot cools completely (about 15 minutes).
  3. Repeat 3-4 procedures.

The goal of this method is to bend the bone outgrowth so that it takes a less traumatic position. In this case, heating has a softening effect on the spur. An unpleasant spike bends towards the bone and becomes smaller. However, the patient still needs to monitor what to shoe his feet in, choosing high-quality shoes with a soft insole and a thick sole, as well as using orthopedic appliances.

Heel spur

Calcaneal spur (plantar fasciitis) is the result of permanent trauma to the area of ​​the plantar ligament connecting the calcaneus to the front of the foot. As a result of constant exposure in the calcaneus, a calcified outgrowth is formed – an osteophyte, which, in essence, will be the calcaneal spur.

The calcaneus in the body has strictly defined sizes and shapes, which allows it to distribute body loads. With constant negative impact, the bone can be deformed, while in the area of ​​the tendon attachment, in the foot area, the bone zone grows.

In this case, the heel spur has a non-physiological form and presses on the surrounding tissues of the foot, causing pain.

On average, heel spurs are from 3-5 to 12 mm, with a sharp end, the growth is directed to the area of ​​the toes of the foot and is bent up. For the most part, women over the age of 40-50 suffer from calcaneal spurs.

The main reasons for the formation of a heel spur:

  • all types of flat feet with a sharp increase in load in the heel area, sharp tension and permanent tendon injuries in the arch of the foot
  • significant in strength and intensity physical training, in which large loads fall on the foot area
  • overweight when the body needs to redistribute body weight
  • age-related changes in ligaments and bones
  • consequences of foot injuries, especially in the heel
  • rheumatism
  • vascular disorders
  • lesions of nerves in the zone of the lower extremities.

With uneven or very large loads on the foot and heel, excessive tension of the tendons that are attached to the heel occurs. Overgrown tendons are easily injured and torn, forming an area of ​​inflammation.

In the area of ​​inflammation, tendon fibers are replaced by a scar. Then, in place of the scar, calcium deposits are gradually formed, gradually forming a bone protrusion – the heel spur. This protrusion disrupts normal movement, injuring tissue and causing soreness.

Heel spurs are manifested by fairly typical symptoms: pain in the heels, impaired gait.

With a heel spur, pain can be in the form of:

  • sharp or burning pains when walking with support on the heel,
  • severe pain occurs in the morning when standing up (starting pain),
  • the feeling of “hammered nails” in the heel,
  • as the pain moves
  • with the accumulation of fatigue, in the evening the soreness increases,
  • the pain is localized in the heel area or over the entire surface of the foot,
  • as it progresses, pain also occurs without stress,
  • a painful seal forms in the heel area.

Due to soreness, gait is disturbed in the form of transferring the body to the toe, limping, using a cane to support and unload the sore leg. As a result, transverse flatfoot appears.

With bilateral spur, movement is difficult, patients experience pain and try to walk less, a layer of subcutaneous fat in the heel area, which performs the function of depreciation when walking, is thinning.

Calcaneal spur can be suspected on the basis of typical complaints of pain during walking and examination of the foot with palpation of the calcaneus. But to confirm the diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct:

  • X-ray of the foot with the identification of a typical growth,
  • ultrasound examination
  • blood tests and blood biochemistry to exclude other diseases of the calcaneal region – Reiter’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis.

Diagnostics and treatment of calcaneal spurs are performed by surgeons and orthopedists. All methods of therapy can be divided into conservative and operational.

Conservative methods include:

  • the use of various orthopedic designs in shoes for unloading the foot and relieving pain (insoles, inserts, special shoes),
  • a complex of physiotherapeutic measures (mud therapy, paraffin treatment, ozokerite, mineral baths) are used to alleviate pain and relieve inflammation;
  • medical gymnastics, physical education,
  • electrophoresis with novocaine, novocaine blockade with severe pain,
  • ultrasound therapy on the area of ​​bone outgrowth, shock-wave treatment method (impact on the growth zone with special impulses, with further resorption of deposits),
  • directional focal x-ray irradiation of the spur,
  • low-intensity laser therapy for heel spurs
  • the use of a vibro-acoustic device vitaon,

Also, medications are used to relieve pain and inflammation, they include:

  • the use of local hormonal drugs (hydrocortisone),
  • the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (diclofenac, dimexide),
  • gels with decongestant and anti-inflammatory effect (voltaren, diclogel),
  • the introduction of topically into the affected area of ​​diprospan.

Surgical methods for the treatment of heel spurs are used in advanced and extreme cases, they are resorted to if the conservative measures are ineffective and severe pain is experienced, and the heel spur is completely removed during surgery.

In advanced cases, heel spurs lead to impaired human movement and the limitation of his ability to work and social activity. With an early and timely start of treatment, the prognosis is favorable, you can completely get rid of pain and achieve significant improvement.

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Calcaneal spur: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment at home

Calcaneal spur is also called placental fasciitis.

This disease is characterized by pain in the heel, which occurs as a result of inflammatory and degenerative changes in the fascia.

In other words, the process of bone growth in the heel begins. These growths resemble spikes, which lead to pain during walking or physical exertion.

Calcaneal spur is usually diagnosed at the age of 40 years.

Causes

The reasons for the appearance are varied, mainly they include:

  • violation of water-salt metabolism;
  • flat feet both longitudinal and transverse (an incorrect arch of the foot does not evenly distribute the load when walking);
  • decreased immunity (infectious diseases, skin diseases);
  • injuries or fractures – any injury is the cause of micro damage to the fascia;
  • sports injuries – sprains, strong physical activity;
  • diseases of the endocrine system;
  • large body weight;
  • age changes;
  • violation of the blood supply to the lower extremities;
  • pregnancy;
  • long wearing high-heeled shoes with a rather narrow toe.

Causes of heel spurs

Symptomatology of the disease

The main symptom is the appearance of pain in the heel when walking and an increase in pain with a slight load. This is considered the main symptom. There are also other secondary symptoms, these include:

  • inflammatory processes on the skin in the heel;
  • strong roughening of the skin in the heel;
  • gait change;
  • swelling of the foot.

Heel spur pattern

Diagnostics

To diagnose spurs, you must first consult an orthopedist. The doctor will conduct a survey, examine the foot and prescribe an X-ray and a blood test for biochemistry for an accurate diagnosis.

Heel Spur Treatment Methods

After diagnosis, the doctor prescribes treatment, it may consist of:

  • the use of drugs;
  • ultrasound treatment;
  • a complex of physiotherapeutic procedures;
  • shock wave therapy;
  • laser therapy;
  • surgical intervention.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Preparations of this group are designed to relieve pain, reduce heat / temperature, anti-inflammatory effect. The treatment regimen is usually prescribed:

  • anti-inflammatory pills;
  • painkillers tablets;
  • local anti-inflammatory ointments (gels, compresses);
  • general strengthening drugs (vitamins, immunostimulants).

Popular drugs for treatment:

  • Ibuprofen – an analgesic drug;
  • Fleksen – anti-inflammatory, analgesic drug;
  • Voltaren – able to affect the foci of inflammation, relieves swelling;
  • Indomethacin – has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic effect;
  • Etodolac;
  • Nemisulide;
  • Amidopyrine.

Local anti-inflammatory drugs

These funds include ointments, gels, compresses. Of the most effective are:

  • Dimexidum solution. The drug is able to deeply affect the layers of the epidermis, thereby perfectly removing the inflammatory process. It also has antiseptic properties. It is applied in the form of lotions. To do this, you need: 50 ml of the drug and 200 ml of water, mix everything. Moisten a cotton pad liberally and attach to the heel with a band-aid to fix and wear up to 6 hours.
  • Indomethacin ointment 10% – relieves swelling and inflammation. Apply 2-3 times a day.
  • Capsicam is an ointment of locally irritating effect, warming. Able to improve blood circulation. Apply a fairly thin layer. There are contraindications.
  • Medical bile is an analgesic. This tool helps to relieve pain and helps resorption of thorns. For this it is necessary: ​​to take 40 grams of funds, 20 grams of vodka, in this solution moisten a cotton swab and attach it to the heel. Fasten and leave overnight. There is also a recipe. To do this, grate fresh potatoes, add 20 g of bile. Mix everything thoroughly, attach the resulting mass to the heel, fix and wear during the day.
  • Shark fat – contributes to a significant softening of the spur. Sold in the form of a cream based on shark fat.
  • Cream tiger eye ortho – a cream based on medicinal plants, helps relieve the inflammatory process.
  • Pyatkashpor cream-gel – this tool can destroy the spur, prevent relapse, relieve pain, moisturize the skin, and fight cracks. It can be used both for treatment and for prevention.
  • Medical plasters – pepper, Chinese, cleansing, magnetic, orthopedic, combined plasters are used for treatment.

Injection therapy

This technique consists in injecting directly into the heel spur. This type of treatment helps to quickly relieve pain, relieve the inflammatory process, and restore cell membranes.

The technique has a number of contraindications. Drugs that are used for treatment: Diprospan, Hydrocortisone acetate, Kenalog. The procedure itself is performed directly under the supervision of an ultrasound scan.

Application of compresses

This treatment technique refers to traditional medicine. Before applying compresses, you need to know the rules:

  • do not use hazardous (aggressive) chemicals;
  • Know exactly that there are no allergic reactions;
  • wear a compress for at least one hour;
  • after the compress, it is necessary to apply a cream (for example, Pyatkashpor);
  • a compress is only an addition to the main treatment prescribed by the doctor;
  • A good addition to the treatment with compresses is physiotherapy.
  • Grate 3 pcs. cooked in a potato peel, add three tablespoons of sunflower oil. The resulting mixture is applied to the heel.
  • Mix honey with raw egg yolk. Put the resulting mixture in the refrigerator for 12 hours. Before applying to the heel, heat it (you can use it in the microwave).
  • Grate 3-4 cloves of garlic, put the resulting slurry on the heel. Vaseline oil can be added to avoid irritation.

Massage at home

A great result in the treatment of heel spurs gives massage and exercise therapy. What can be done:

  • Straight-line pinching: soft tweaks must be performed from the longitudinal arch to the bone growth.
  • Rubbing with your fingertips: press the heel as hard as possible and make rubbing movements from top to bottom, left to right.
  • Circular rubbing: the rubbing movements of the heel begin in a circle from the edges and pass gradually to the center.
  • Rib blows: in this case, it is necessary to gently apply small strokes up and down with the palm edge.

Application of massage mat

Massage mat is one of the most popular and useful products usually made of silicone. These mats are capable of:

  • reduce pain;
  • used for the prevention of flat feet;
  • improve blood flow;
  • relieve fatigue;
  • relieve puffiness.

Massage Mat

For prevention and treatment, it is recommended to use manual roller massagers and hardware vibro massagers. They help strengthen the fascia, ligaments, relieve pain, do not allow the growth of a thorn.

Physiotherapy exercises (LFK)

To the main methods of treatment prescribed by the doctor, if you add massage and exercise therapy, the elimination of the heel spur is much faster and protects against relapse. Exercises can take place at home. In this exercise therapy is performed in shoes with special insoles.

  • Stand near the wall, while it is necessary to lean your palms against the wall, legs are on the same level. Begin to do squats, while the leg where the heel is affected must be taken back. Also remember that the legs do not come off the floor. Repeat 10 times.
  • You need to sit on a chair and put a lot of different objects in front of you in shape and size. Toes move objects. The duration of the lesson is 5 minutes.
  • You need to sit on a chair and put a rolling pin (bottle or ball) under your foot, start rolling. The duration of the lesson is 5 minutes.

During treatment, proper nutrition plays a small role. The basic rule during treatment is the exclusion from the diet of foods such as:

  • animal fats (butter);
  • cream;
  • sour cream;
  • alcoholic beverages;
  • chocolate, jam;
  • by-products;
  • meat;
  • mushrooms;
  • coffee;
  • canned food;
  • smoked products;
  • salty foods.

It is recommended to include in your diet:

  • fruits and berries: cherries, watermelon, grapes, cherries, apples, oranges, plums, tomatoes;
  • vegetables: zucchini, carrots, cucumbers, cabbage, pumpkin, potatoes;
  • drink plenty of water.

Prevention

  • diet – remove excess weight;
  • active lifestyle;
  • Do not overload the feet;
  • at the first symptoms, consult a specialist immediately;
  • wearing orthopedic insoles;
  • the choice of only comfortable shoes;
  • the use of cream for the feet;
  • treatment of diseases of the spine;
  • flatfoot treatment;
  • preventive massage courses;
  • balanced diet;
  • implementation of exercise therapy.

Heel Spur Treatment Methods

It is generally accepted that most of the diseases that a modern person faces are caused by an incorrect lifestyle, lack of physical activity, overeating and bad habits. However, there are ailments that are often found in active and hardworking people who are responsible for their health. Such pathological conditions include the heel spur, the symptoms of which, according to statistics, every tenth of us encounters at least once in a lifetime.

Calcaneal spur – is treatment required?

“Heel spur” is a philistine name that often misleads patients. The fact is that this pathology is not accompanied by the appearance of noticeable outgrowths on the back surface of the heel (such a disease is called Haglund deformation). With a calcaneal spur, changes in the structure of the foot may not be observed at all, and if they do, then they can only be seen on x-rays.

In medicine, heel spur is known as plantar fasciitis. The name is associated with the term “plantar fascia.” The latter connects the calcaneus and metatarsal bones. Thanks to this structure, the foot retains its natural shape and properly absorbs shock when it touches the ground when walking. Fasciitis is an inflammation of the fascia, which leads to all the symptoms characteristic of the heel spur.

The feet of a person daily experience serious stress – they not only withstand body weight, but also soften the gait, springing at every step. Normally, the safety margin should be enough for them to be very old, however, in some situations, wear of plantar fascia occurs much earlier. That is why heel spur is more often observed in people aged about 40 years, when all the compensatory mechanisms that work at a young age have already exhausted themselves.

Why is there a heel spur?

  • Due to overweight: the load on the feet of obese people is much higher than people with normal body weight.
  • Due to flat feet: this pathology leads to a redistribution of the load on the arch of the foot, as a result of which the plantar fascia becomes inflamed in the area of ​​attachment to the heel.
  • Because of too intense physical exertion: such a defeat of the feet can be observed among long-distance runners and even among amateur tourists who regularly go on multi-kilometer hikes.
  • Due to other inflammatory, vascular or degenerative diseases of the joints of the lower extremities (such as rheumatoid arthritis, deforming osteoarthritis, diabetic polyneuropathy and others).

These phenomena lead to the fact that in the area where the plantar fascia is attached to the calcaneus, microscopic tears occur. Repeated traumatization leads to a chronic inflammatory process in this area, which, in turn, is accompanied by metabolic disturbances and the formation of pathological bone outgrowth of the calcaneus directed inside the foot, which causes additional discomfort to the patient.

Symptoms of the heel spur, as a rule, first come to light after a tiring day spent on the feet. Patients complain of a burning painful pain in the heel – “as if stepped on a nail.” The intensity of unpleasant sensations in this case does not always depend on the stage of the disease, it is determined by the location of the nerve endings in relation to the pathological focus.

After a period of rest (for example, the morning after a night’s rest), the pain recedes, but the next load provokes its return. If heel spur is not treated, pain will remain even with the slightest movement, affecting the general well-being of the patient and preventing him from leading his usual lifestyle.

Often people suffering from plantar fasciitis begin to involuntarily unload the heel region, trying not to step on the back surface of the foot, walk literally on toes. Especially the gait change is noticeable in patients with bilateral heel spur. As a result of the uneven load on the legs, the disease can be complicated over time by other problems with the joints – ankle, knee and hip.

Since restrictions on walking ability and severe pain cannot be ignored, patients with heel spurs seek to alleviate their condition by any available means. However, not all of them are in a hurry to see a doctor, preferring to take the advice of relatives or solve the problem on their own, using the Internet. Such an approach is fraught with poor treatment results and even aggravation of the condition – after all, only a doctor can establish the true cause of symptoms. Therefore, the best option would be to seek qualified medical help and establish an accurate diagnosis, and then decide on the optimal combination of approaches to the treatment of heel spurs.

Effective Heel Spur Treatments

With most diseases of the musculoskeletal system, there is no universal recipe that allows you to quickly get rid of unpleasant symptoms. Calcaneal spur is a disease that proceeds according to an individual scenario, therefore, each patient should have his own treatment plan, taking into account the presence of concomitant pathology, willingness to actively participate in therapeutic activities and even the nature of professional activity.

The most radical method of getting rid of heel spurs is surgery, but you should not think that such an intervention will bring quick relief, and the disease will never return. On the contrary, the work of the surgeon will require subsequent rehabilitation, and success in treatment is not always achieved. Therefore, if possible, do not bring the disease to the stage where it will not be possible without surgery.

Use of orthopedic insoles and thrust bearings

The simplest method with which it is recommended to start for all patients complaining of chronic heel pain. A correctly selected insole will allow to redistribute the load on the foot and minimize subsequent trauma to the plantar fascia. If the disease has not gone too far, there is a chance that it will recede without additional medical measures.

The use of orthoses

In order for the fascia to recover faster, patients at night are encouraged to use a special “boot” that fixes the foot strictly perpendicular to the lower leg. Walking in such an orthosis is uncomfortable, but while you are sleeping, it will provide rest to the sore foot.

Physiotherapy exercises are not used as an independent method for the treatment of heel spurs, but can be prescribed in addition to other approaches. So, strengthening the muscles of the foot and lower leg will be useful for a patient in whom plantar fasciitis has developed as a result of flat feet.

An experienced chiropractor will relieve pain and improve mobility of a sore foot in just a few sessions. Regular massage courses are especially useful for people with initial manifestations of a heel spur – they allow you to abandon the use of pain medications and physiotherapy.

Topical Corticosteroid Administration

The introduction of corticosteroids is used in cases where the pain syndrome is extremely pronounced and it is required to quickly alleviate the patient’s suffering. This method cannot be used for a long time, since hormones adversely affect the state of bones – calcium is washed out of them, which leads to osteoporosis.

Rubbing with warming oils and ointments helps some patients. Improving blood supply in the affected area accelerates metabolic processes and tissue regeneration, so that fascia recovery is faster.

Warm sulphide-silt healing mud is applied to the sore foot in the form of a sock for 15–20 minutes, which heats the foot and has a therapeutic effect due to the active components of the mixture. The standard course of treatment is 10-15 procedures.

Warm and mineral baths

The effectiveness of balneotherapy in the treatment of diseases of bones and joints has been proven in ancient times. As a rule, such a method of treatment is possible at resorts. In Russia, these are health resorts located in the North Caucasus and Transbaikalia.

Under the influence of ultrasound, soft heating of the superficial and deep tissues of the foot occurs. In combination with the application of therapeutic ointments, this method allows you to relieve inflammation and alleviate pain in just 2-5 sessions.

Low Intensity Laser Therapy

The impact of the laser improves blood circulation in the heel spur, relieves swelling, and accelerates the healing of fascia. Contrary to the opinion of some patients, this method does not remove the already formed bone spur, but significantly improves the patient’s well-being.

The effect of low doses of radiation leads to a decrease in sensitivity in the heel spur, which allows the patient to forget about discomfort in the foot for a long time. This is a safe and painless method that does not require the use of drugs, which is especially important for patients with allergies. It is important to remember that radiotherapy is contraindicated in pregnant women.

Shock wave therapy (UHT) of a calcaneal spur

This method appeared relatively recently – it is based on the ability of acoustic waves to act on calcium deposits in the area of ​​connection of plantar fascia and calcaneus, which ultimately can lead to drying out of the pathological outgrowth. Thus, it is possible to reduce or even completely remove the heel spur in a few sessions, which is a panacea for patients who are not helped by other therapeutic methods. The result of this effect can be seen on the control x-ray or MRI after completing the course of treatment.

During the operation, the surgeon grinds the bone outgrowth on the heel, returning the foot to its natural state. However, this does not solve the problem of fascia trauma, therefore, patients who have undergone such an intervention still need physiotherapy and other medical procedures during the rehabilitation period.

Prevention of plantar fasciitis

Each of us should think about the prevention of calcaneal spurs – after all, this disease can develop in any person with age. The basis of a careful attitude to the feet is the right shoes: do not save on shoes, boots and sneakers, especially if you move a lot during the day. Often walk barefoot, discard slippers in favor of sandals with a fixed back. Regularly do self-massage of feet with a moisturizer and if you are overweight or flat-footed, consult your doctor for recommendations.

Heel spur – hidden from the eyes of others and at first glance a frivolous disease, which ultimately can lead to disability. Be attentive to your well-being, and leg health will be the best reward.

Shishkevich Vladimir

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews. It specializes in the treatment of diseases in orthopedic, traumatological, vertebrological profiles

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