Finger joint treatment

The joints perform an important function in the human body, they provide movement and flexibility of the limbs, spine. The cartilage tissue is quite soft and easily injured with injuries and exposure to the body of various negative factors, for this reason inflammation of the joints of the fingers occurs.

The joints of the fingers become inflamed quite often, especially in people who do small work with their hands, because of the increased load. Pain and inflammation can lead to loss of movement in the affected joint, so it is very important to consult a specialist and start treatment as soon as possible.

The content of the article
  1. Causes of inflammation
  2. Thumb joint inflammation
  3. Inflammation of the ring finger joint
  4. How to treat inflammation of the joints of the fingers
  5. How to relieve inflammation of the joints of the fingers
  6. Prevention
  7. Author: Gilmutdinov Marat Rashatovich
  8. Top 10 Finger Arthritis Treatments
  9. Causes of the disease
  10. Pathogenesis
  11. Degrees and types of illness
  12. clinical picture
  13. Traditional treatment
  14. Medication
  15. Finger Arthritis: Symptoms and Treatment
  16. Arthritis of the fingers: symptoms
  17. Arthritis of the hands: causes of the disease
  18. Stages of Finger Arthritis
  19. Classification of arthritis of the fingers
  20. Diagnosis of arthritis of the fingers
  21. Arthritis of the fingers: treatment
  22. Drug therapy for hand arthritis
  23. Physiotherapy and exercise therapy
  24. Proper nutrition
  25. Finger Arthritis Prevention
  26. Hand Arthritis Treatment at Home – An Overview of Effective Techniques
  27. Home therapy
  28. Ointments and compresses
  29. From mustard, honey and vegetable oil
  30. From carrots, turpentine, vegetable oil
  31. From green potatoes
  32. For oral administration
  33. Features of food
  34. This must be noted.
  35. Inflammation of the joints of the fingers
  36. Causes of inflammation
  37. Thumb joint inflammation
  38. Inflammation of the ring finger joint
  39. How to treat inflammation of the joints of the fingers
  40. How to relieve inflammation of the joints of the fingers
  41. Prevention
  42. Author: Gilmutdinov Marat Rashatovich
  43. Hand Arthritis Treatment at Home – An Overview of Effective Techniques
  44. Home therapy
  45. Ointments and compresses
  46. From mustard, honey and vegetable oil
  47. From carrots, turpentine, vegetable oil
  48. From green potatoes
  49. For oral administration
  50. Features of food
  51. This must be noted.

Causes of inflammation

Inflammation of the joints of the fingers can occur for a variety of reasons, consider common causes:

  • age changes;
  • avitaminosis;
  • hypothermia;
  • increased load on the joints;
  • metabolic disease;
  • endocrine pathologies;
  • hereditary predisposition to articular pathologies.

Most often, older people are affected by the disease, as age-related changes occur in the joints of the whole organism. Salt is deposited in the joints, cartilage nutrition is reduced, as a result, they are gradually destroyed. Large joints are more likely to suffer in young people, as they experience greater physical exertion.

Thumb joint inflammation

Inflammation of the joint of the thumb can occur with the following diseases:

  • bursitis – inflammation of the joint bag;
  • infectious polyarthritis, in which case several joints on the arms and legs may become inflamed;
  • deforming arthrosis – this disease is characterized by degenerative cartilage disorders;
  • gout – inflammation that occurs due to the deposition of uric acid salts in the joints;
  • the joint on the thumb and other fingers may become inflamed due to injury.

Inflammation of the thumb is accompanied by redness of the skin around the joint, swelling and pain. Depending on the type of pathology and stage of the disease, signs can be expressed to a greater or lesser extent.

So with arthritis, the pain is aching, intensifies during movement and becomes constant over time, but with gout, the finger becomes like a sausage, blushes and pains unbearably.

Inflammation of the ring finger joint

Most often, inflammation of the thumb or middle finger occurs, the nameless one suffers less often, this is due to the peculiarities of its structure and low physical activity. So with rheumatoid arthritis, the disease usually affects the middle and forefinger, with deforming arthrosis the thumb.

Inflammation of the ring finger can occur with polyarthritis, in which case the disease affects several joints on both hands at once. Infectious arthritis can also provoke pain, which also causes multiple damage to the joints of the fingers. The ring finger can become inflamed due to a bruise if the joint is injured and its work is disrupted.

How to treat inflammation of the joints of the fingers

Inflammation of the joint of the phalanx of the finger is a serious pathology that requires a mandatory visit to a specialist. The doctor will conduct an examination, appoint an X-ray, take blood tests, and make an accurate diagnosis.

The treatment of inflammation of the joints of the fingers is prescribed differently, it all depends on the diagnosis, but the therapy is always complex and lengthy. The patient is prescribed the necessary drugs, immobilization of a sick finger, physiotherapeutic treatment. After relieving pain and inflammation, it is shown to observe a healthy lifestyle, to engage in physiotherapy exercises.

Consider which drugs are prescribed for inflammation of the fingers:

  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs help relieve pain and inflammation;
  • hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs (glucocorticosteroids) are prescribed for severe pain, for example, with gout;
  • antibiotics, antiviral or antifungal agents are indicated for infectious inflammation;
  • with gout, drugs that promote the excretion of uric acid are indicated;
  • for general strengthening of immunity, vitamins are indicated, and chondroprotectors are prescribed to restore cartilage.

Outwardly, an ointment for inflammation of the fingers with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, for example, Diclofenac, can be used. It will help relieve swelling and pain faster, and also accelerate recovery.

During the period of exacerbation of the disease, it is recommended not to load the sick joints, in severe cases, the doctor may even apply a plaster cast to completely immobilize the joint.

After relieving pain and inflammation, it is necessary to perform special therapeutic exercises for the hands in order to develop joints and improve blood circulation in them. Charging is recommended to perform a lifetime, and not only during treatment, as a prevention of relapse. In parallel with exercise therapy, it is recommended to do finger massage every day.

How to relieve inflammation of the joints of the fingers

It is not recommended to treat joint inflammation at home, but if the disease is taken by surprise, you can try to remove the inflammation using traditional medicine recipes, or pharmacy ointments with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. But it is worth remembering that such treatment is symptomatic, it will not relieve the cause of the disease, but only temporarily ease the condition.

With gout, when the finger is swollen, reddened and unbearably sore, cold must be applied to it. An ice compress will relieve the condition, relieve swelling. For the compress to be effective, you need to put your hand on the pillow just above the shoulder, relax, apply ice on top, wrapped in a clean cloth for 10 minutes. Then take a break of 10 minutes and repeat the procedure.

Warm salt baths, as well as baths with mineral waters, help well from pain in the joints of the hands. At home, you can do simple salt baths every evening, for this you need to dilute sea salt in hot water, pour the solution into a basin and dilute with cold water. Place your hands in the bath for 15 minutes, and after the procedure, hold a light massage of the hands with a nourishing cream.

Compresses with decoctions of herbs, for example, with chamomile, string, sage or comfrey, will help relieve joint inflammation. These plants have an excellent analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. To prepare a compress, the grass is brewed in boiling water and insisted for 2 hours, then filtered. Broth need to soak a clean cloth and wrap it around the diseased hands for 3-4 hours.

Another simple but effective tool that will help reduce joint inflammation overnight is a white cabbage leaf. The sheets need to be washed, rumpled so that they give juice, and wrap them with sore fingers, and fix with a bandage on top, but not too tight. Leave a compress overnight, in the morning the pain will decrease.

Prevention

To prevent inflammation of the fingers, the following recommendations must be observed:

  • annually undergo medical examinations, take tests;
  • eat right and balanced;
  • timely treatment of infectious diseases;
  • wear gloves in the cold season;
  • every day do exercises for the whole body, and do not forget about the brush;
  • with small hands, you need to give your fingers time to relax;
  • It is recommended to give up alcohol, cigarettes and drugs.

A correct lifestyle and timely access to a doctor will help to keep the joints in a healthy state for many years, as well as to avoid serious complications and disabilities.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Author: Gilmutdinov Marat Rashatovich

Children’s orthopedist and surgeon. Diagnoses and treats heel spurs, osteoarthrosis, scoliosis, torticollis, clubfoot, flatfoot, humeroscapular periarthrosis and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system, surgical pathology in children. Experience 16 years / Doctor of the highest category

Top 10 Finger Arthritis Treatments

Finger arthritis is a deforming, inflammatory disease that is localized in the small joints of the hands. Usually these are interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal areas. It is diagnosed more often in women, but the risk group includes all people over 45 years old.

Causes of the disease

The causes are divided into primary and secondary. The primary causes are diseases that directly affect the articular surfaces:

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune degenerative joint disease.
  2. Traumatic lesions (dislocations, fractures).
  3. Diseases associated with metabolic disorders (gout).

Secondary causes are associated with somatic pathology, which in its outcome gave a complication to the joints:

  1. Allergic reactions.
  2. Tuberculosis (atypical course).
  3. Diabetes mellitus I degree (often affects the lower extremities).
  4. Psoriasis (in severe forms).
  5. Infectious diseases (flu, herpes).

There are a number of causes that are concomitant with this disease:

  • elderly age;
  • hypothermia;
  • heredity;
  • mechanical form of labor (seamstresses, office workers).

Arthritis of the thumb is carried out in a separate group. It is associated with wear and tear of the cartilage of the joint, and with aseptic inflammation. The defeat is mainly in the metacarpophalangeal joint. There is a clear violation of motor activity and a marked decrease in labor activity.

Pathogenesis

In the pathogenesis lies the destruction of articular surfaces in small joints and a violation of normal motor ability. The peculiarity of pathogenesis is due to the causes of the disease. So, for example, an infectious agent (bacteria, viruses), getting into the joint cavity, begins to intensively divide. Fluid accumulates in the joints (pathogen waste products, dead white blood cells), which leads to deformation of the fingers of the hand. Bone and cartilage structures themselves are destroyed not under the influence of the pathogen, but due to increased pressure on the articular surfaces.

Degrees and types of illness

The following types of arthritis are distinguished depending on the lesion site:

Classification of the disease depending on the cause that formed the basis of the disease:

  1. Post-traumatic. It arises as a complication of fractures, dislocations. Often occurs in professional athletes.
  2. Infectious. Hematogenous, lymphogenous or contact penetration of the pathogen into the joint.
  3. Reactive. The patient has a history of past infections from the intestinal or genitourinary system (2–4 weeks before joint damage). Arthritis acts as a complication of the underlying disease.
  4. Violation in metabolic processes – gout. Deposition of uric acid salt in the cavity of small joints and, as a result, their inflammation.

clinical picture

Arthritis of the fingers, unlike many other types, has pronounced symptoms from the first days. Chronic and subacute forms with this pathology are less common than acute. Clinical symptoms:

  1. A sharp onset of the disease. High body temperature rises (more than 38 degrees), general weakness, headache.
  2. Local soreness in the affected area. Sometimes several articular surfaces are involved in the lesion at once.
  3. Local hyperemia, edema, marked redness of the joint.
  4. Deterioration of finger mobility (decreased active and passive movements).
  5. Limb deformity. It occurs in chronic forms of the disease.

The disease has pronounced symptoms.

The clinical manifestation of carpal-metacarpal arthritis of the thumb has features. Local manifestations occur on the 4th – 5th day. Up to this point, the main symptom of arthritis of the fingers is pain and limitation of mobility. Hyperemia and edema are localized on the wrist and pain radiates to the forearm. The compression force of the brush decreases sharply, as well as the ability to perform the usual actions.

Traditional treatment

The following specialists are involved in the treatment of the disease:

  • rheumatologist;
  • neurologist;
  • traumatologist;
  • in small towns and villages, a general practitioner or general practitioner.

Depending on the form, degree and clinical manifestations, treatment is carried out:

  • FAP;
  • outpatient level;
  • central district hospitals;
  • republican centers.

If arthritis is caused by concomitant diseases, then you should contact the appropriate specialist and undergo a course of treatment for the main pathology. It can be not only a rheumatologist, but also an infectious disease specialist, an immunologist.

  • restoration of motor activity;
  • inflammation;
  • anesthesia and return to a normal quality of life;
  • restoration of deformed areas of limbs.

Medication

Drug treatment is the main and mandatory component in doctor’s prescriptions. The doctor individually selects a course of treatment. In the absence of visible clinical improvements, the drug is replaced on day 5.

Finger Arthritis: Symptoms and Treatment

Finger arthritis is a disease that women often suffer from. The reasons for this are the features of a number of purely “female” professions and everyday tasks, as well as the fact that the female body as a whole is more prone to osteoarthritis than the male one due to its hormonal background. Most often, inflammatory changes cover interphalangeal joints, and arthritis of the metacarpophalangeal joints is also not uncommon. This disease can lead to disability of a person, depriving him of the possibility of self-care.

Arthritis of the fingers: symptoms

The main symptom is pain. It occurs with literally any movements in the hands, both active and passive. As a rule, in the first stages of the disease, the pain is relatively weak, occurs only after prolonged work or in the morning, and then passes. Gradually, pain increases and becomes permanent. The nature of the pain is aching, patients also complain of burning, aching, tingling in the joints.

Also, the early stages of the disease are characterized by morning stiffness in the joints – a decrease in their mobility in the first half hour after waking up. Patients complain of a feeling of a “tight glove” on the hand. After performing active movements in the joints, stiffness disappears.

Movements in the affected joints are accompanied by crepitus – creaking, clicking – this is also a symptom of inflammation in the tissues of the joint.

Another characteristic sign is weather sensitivity. The joints begin to “respond” to changing weather, pressure drops.

Inflammatory changes in the tissues of the joints with the course of the disease become visually noticeable. So, the joints themselves thicken, swell, the skin above them turns red, becomes hot.

Arthritis of the hands: causes of the disease

  • age-related changes in the tissues of the joint: over the years, the metabolism in them slows down, in addition, in women, hormonal changes associated with menopause and their consequence – disturbances in calcium metabolism play a role;
  • joint injuries;
  • features of the profession, working conditions;
  • hereditary factors;
  • malfunctions of the immune system;
  • a number of infectious diseases (acute respiratory viral infections, streptococcal and staphillococcal infections);
  • metabolic diseases (gout, diabetes);
  • some systemic diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatism);
  • psoriasis;
  • stress.


Stages of Finger Arthritis

The course of finger arthritis can be divided into several stages.

The first stage of arthritis, as a rule, is characterized by minimal symptoms of the disease or their complete absence. Most often, at this stage, the morning stiffness of the joints attracts attention. It becomes difficult to turn on the stove, make coffee, wash, but after a while the stiffness disappears, which is why rarely anyone seeks medical help.

The second stage of arthritis is associated with the appearance of erosion on the articular surfaces of the bones, moderate soreness appears, crunching during movements in the joint, and some actions are difficult to perform.

The third stage of arthritis is characterized by the appearance of joint deformity. The soreness is intense, and painkillers are needed to eliminate it. Visual changes in the joints appear: they are swollen, the skin above them turns red, it becomes hot to the touch.

At the fourth stage of arthritis in the affected joints, adhesions appear – contractures. The pain is extremely intense, requires constant use of analgesics. A person loses the opportunity for self-care, it becomes impossible to habitual professional activity. Arthritis of the fingers of the fourth stage – the basis for disability.

Classification of arthritis of the fingers

The most common types of brush arthritis are:

  • infectious – as a result of getting into the tissues of the joint with a blood stream of pathogens from the foci of infection;
  • metabolic (gouty) – a consequence of metabolic disorders of uric acid;
  • rheumatoid – usually begins with lesions of small joints, then spreads to larger ones;
  • traumatic – is a consequence of traumatic damage to the tissues of the joint.

Depending on which particular joints of the hand are affected, arthritis is divided into proximal (joints of the hand), middle (joints between the metacarpus and fingers) and distal (affects the interphalangeal joints of the fingers).

For arthritic lesions of the joints of the thumb there is a special term “rhizarthritis.”

Primary arthritis is also distinguished, in which joint damage develops independently and initially and secondary, which is characterized by secondary joint damage – for example, due to allergic reactions or pathological immune processes.

Diagnosis of arthritis of the fingers

Diagnosis of finger arthritis is usually not difficult. Diagnosis is based on a patient survey, examination, if necessary, laboratory (clinical, biochemical analysis of blood, urine) and instrumental studies (radiography, computed tomography) are performed.

Arthritis of the fingers: treatment

The basic rule in the treatment of any arthritis, including finger arthritis, is the following: the sooner the treatment procedures are started, the more effective they will be. At the first stage of arthritis, changes in the tissues of the joint are still reversible, while in the treatment of an advanced disease we can’t talk about complete healing, the goal of treatment is to alleviate pain and stop the progression of the disease.

First of all, with suspected arthritis of the fingers, it is necessary to minimize physical activity on the affected joints. If professional activities or domestic work load the hands, such work should be abandoned at least for the period of exacerbation of the disease. Unacceptable weight lifting, sudden movements in the hands.

Drug therapy for hand arthritis

The scope of treatment, the list of drugs used for arthritis of the hands directly depends on what disease led to damage to the joints of the hands. The main task at any stage of arthritis is to relieve pain and inflammation in the tissues of the affected joints. For this, drugs from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used, they eliminate inflammation in the joint, as a result of which the pain subsides. In addition to NSAIDs with severe pain, the patient may need additional painkillers. In the event that the infectious nature of arthritis is established, it is necessary to take antibiotics effective against the pathogen. With the autoimmune nature of arthritis, it is possible to supplement medication with immunosuppressants, which are designed to facilitate the course of the immune response and stop the formation of antibodies to the body’s own tissues. In particular, with a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis of the fingers, treatment also involves the use of immunosuppressive drugs.

In addition to therapy aimed at eliminating inflammation, it is also important to pay attention to the normalization of metabolic processes in the cartilage covering the articular surfaces. For this, the use of chondroprotectors is recommended – this is the name of a group of drugs that normalize metabolic processes in cartilage, normalize its structure and function. In particular, in the treatment of arthritis of the joints of the fingers, the Don-chondroprotector drug has proven itself well. Its active ingredient is crystalline glucosamine sulfate, a natural component of human cartilage. Entering the body as a part of glucosamine sulfate stimulates the synthesis of proteoglycans – proteins that form the structural basis of cartilage. It should be remembered that the indication for the use of chondroprotectors is only osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis). These drugs are contraindicated in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Physiotherapy and exercise therapy

Physiotherapeutic treatment significantly increases the effectiveness of drug therapy for finger arthritis. The list of the most effective physiotherapy procedures for this type of arthritis includes magnetotherapy, ultrasound treatment, electrophoresis, ozone therapy, reflexology. There are special complexes of physiotherapy for the treatment of arthritis of the joints of the hand. Also, with arthritis of the fingers, massage, mud therapy, paraffion therapy, spa treatment are indicated.

The main condition for the application of physiotherapeutic techniques is that such techniques must be used exclusively in remission. In the acute stage of the disease, such treatment can provoke an aggravation of inflammation.

Proper nutrition

The diet, its usefulness and quality play a huge role in the treatment of finger arthritis. So, it is recommended to significantly limit the amount of salt, animal protein and fat consumed. At the same time, it is desirable to enrich the diet with dairy products, fresh fruits and vegetables, herbs, whole grains. During exacerbations, the use of alcohol is unacceptable.

Finger Arthritis Prevention

Among the preventive measures of arthritis of the brush, compliance with the regime of work and rest should be highlighted if professional activities or domestic work are associated with excessive load on the brush. If there are foci of chronic infection in the body, they must be treated in a timely manner, in addition, a rejection of bad habits is shown, especially if there is a hereditary predisposition to the disease.

Timely, from the first symptoms of the disease, going to the doctor, carefully following his recommendations, persistent treatment of finger arthritis, using indications along with anti-inflammatory therapy and physiotherapeutic methods of treatment of chondroprotectors will help stop the progression of the disease and avoid complications.

Hand Arthritis Treatment at Home – An Overview of Effective Techniques

Arthritis is a joint disease in which the inflammatory process slowly but steadily – over many years – covers the cartilage and bone tissue, and if the form is advanced, it affects the muscles, ligaments and internal organs.

With successful therapy, it is possible to stop the inflammatory process and stabilize the patient’s condition.

How to treat finger arthritis at home? If you properly “attack” the disease, you can achieve significant progress in 1-2 months.

Home therapy

The traditional treatment, which is complemented by home activities, quickly gives a positive trend.

  • taking decoctions and infusions from medicinal herbs;
  • the application of plants soaked in hot water to diseased joints (the ground part is used: stems, leaves);
  • rubbing ointments prepared from natural ingredients (based on petroleum jelly, vegetable and butter);
  • massage (used in the chronic course of the disease and prohibited in acute inflammation) – its correct technique is mastered under the supervision of a doctor;
  • special gymnastics (exercises are aimed at restoring the amplitude of movements, reducing soreness, relieving swelling).

Ointments and compresses

Warming compounds restore blood circulation, relieve swelling and have a distracting effect, but they can only be used in the chronic course of the disease.

Soothing and softening ointments soothe, relieve the sensation of heat in the foci of inflammation, remove redness.

From mustard, honey and vegetable oil

Mustard powder, fresh honey, olive oil are mixed in equal amounts (if there is none, any vegetable can be used).

The ointment has a warming and distracting effect, reduces swelling, removes the “gloves” syndrome.

If the disease has reached a severe stage, when the patient cannot hold light objects in his hands, is not able to turn the handle of the crane, this remedy returns the fingers to their previous mobility.

From carrots, turpentine, vegetable oil

Medium-sized carrots are rubbed on a fine grater, a few drops of vegetable oil (preferably olive) and turpentine are added.

The mixture is used for a compress: it is wrapped with brushes, wrapped with a thin natural fabric, then with a film, and fixed with a wide bandage.

From green potatoes

The tool is effective in the initial and middle stages of the disease.

When using it, extreme care is taken – in the tuber, which lay in the sunlight, solanine is formed. The substance is toxic, therefore, such potatoes can only be used as a compress!

It must be grated, lowered into a sieve. Sprinkle potatoes with boiling water from the kettle, wait until its temperature is tolerable for the skin. Make a compress, remove after 2-3 hours.

Another useful recipe for ointment, see this video:

For oral administration

For the preparation of decoctions, it is recommended to use plants:

  • coltsfoot;
  • Hypericum perforatum;
  • calendula;
  • pharmaceutical camomile;
  • birch (buds and leaves);
  • turmeric (add a pinch of seasoning to the broth);
  • lingonberry (leaves and berries).

2 tsp required pour 1 cup of boiling water and insist in a thermos or in a water bath for 10-20 minutes.

Use warmly in 3 divided doses. You can combine herbs, making them fees in which the components are mixed in equal volumes.

A few more recipes for decoctions and infusions:

Features of food

What threatens improper nutrition in the treatment of finger arthritis? Excessive amounts of salt, carcinogens (a large number of them contain fried foods, smoked meats), marinades, spicy seasonings increase tissue swelling, form toxins that contribute to the progression of arthritis.

Recommended for use:

  • buckwheat and oatmeal;
  • vegetables and fruits;
  • a small amount of vegetable oil (they can be seasoned with vegetable salads);
  • low-fat varieties of meat and fish.

In the diet, the principle of moderation must be observed. Meals occur at the same time 5-6 times a day.

This must be noted.

  1. Even with severe pain in the fingers, you can’t start the disease: you need to do gentle massage movements, roll special balls in your palms (sold in pharmacies), train your fingers with the help of exercises.
  2. If the compositions contain irritating substances (mustard powder, pepper), then if you feel a strong burning sensation, immediately rinse off the product. The amount of this component must be reduced or another treatment method selected. Medications that cause an allergic reaction also require urgent withdrawal.
  3. Treatment gives quick results if you “step on” the disease with medications for oral administration and at the same time use topical agents.

Arthritis has to be fought all his life, but this does not mean that the patient is no longer available life joys.

It all depends on the person himself: forming a positive attitude, participating in social events, developing creative abilities – you can not only forget about the disease, but also achieve a stable remission.

Inflammation of the joints of the fingers

The joints perform an important function in the human body, they provide movement and flexibility of the limbs, spine. The cartilage tissue is quite soft and easily injured with injuries and exposure to the body of various negative factors, for this reason inflammation of the joints of the fingers occurs.

The joints of the fingers become inflamed quite often, especially in people who do small work with their hands, because of the increased load. Pain and inflammation can lead to loss of movement in the affected joint, so it is very important to consult a specialist and start treatment as soon as possible.

Causes of inflammation

Inflammation of the joints of the fingers can occur for a variety of reasons, consider common causes:

  • age changes;
  • avitaminosis;
  • hypothermia;
  • increased load on the joints;
  • metabolic disease;
  • endocrine pathologies;
  • hereditary predisposition to articular pathologies.

Most often, older people are affected by the disease, as age-related changes occur in the joints of the whole organism. Salt is deposited in the joints, cartilage nutrition is reduced, as a result, they are gradually destroyed. Large joints are more likely to suffer in young people, as they experience greater physical exertion.

Thumb joint inflammation

Inflammation of the joint of the thumb can occur with the following diseases:

  • bursitis – inflammation of the joint bag;
  • infectious polyarthritis, in which case several joints on the arms and legs may become inflamed;
  • deforming arthrosis – this disease is characterized by degenerative cartilage disorders;
  • gout – inflammation that occurs due to the deposition of uric acid salts in the joints;
  • the joint on the thumb and other fingers may become inflamed due to injury.

Inflammation of the thumb is accompanied by redness of the skin around the joint, swelling and pain. Depending on the type of pathology and stage of the disease, signs can be expressed to a greater or lesser extent.

So with arthritis, the pain is aching, intensifies during movement and becomes constant over time, but with gout, the finger becomes like a sausage, blushes and pains unbearably.

Inflammation of the ring finger joint

Most often, inflammation of the thumb or middle finger occurs, the nameless one suffers less often, this is due to the peculiarities of its structure and low physical activity. So with rheumatoid arthritis, the disease usually affects the middle and forefinger, with deforming arthrosis the thumb.

Inflammation of the ring finger can occur with polyarthritis, in which case the disease affects several joints on both hands at once. Infectious arthritis can also provoke pain, which also causes multiple damage to the joints of the fingers. The ring finger can become inflamed due to a bruise if the joint is injured and its work is disrupted.

How to treat inflammation of the joints of the fingers

Inflammation of the joint of the phalanx of the finger is a serious pathology that requires a mandatory visit to a specialist. The doctor will conduct an examination, appoint an X-ray, take blood tests, and make an accurate diagnosis.

The treatment of inflammation of the joints of the fingers is prescribed differently, it all depends on the diagnosis, but the therapy is always complex and lengthy. The patient is prescribed the necessary drugs, immobilization of a sick finger, physiotherapeutic treatment. After relieving pain and inflammation, it is shown to observe a healthy lifestyle, to engage in physiotherapy exercises.

Consider which drugs are prescribed for inflammation of the fingers:

  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs help relieve pain and inflammation;
  • hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs (glucocorticosteroids) are prescribed for severe pain, for example, with gout;
  • antibiotics, antiviral or antifungal agents are indicated for infectious inflammation;
  • with gout, drugs that promote the excretion of uric acid are indicated;
  • for general strengthening of immunity, vitamins are indicated, and chondroprotectors are prescribed to restore cartilage.

Outwardly, an ointment for inflammation of the fingers with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, for example, Diclofenac, can be used. It will help relieve swelling and pain faster, and also accelerate recovery.

During the period of exacerbation of the disease, it is recommended not to load the sick joints, in severe cases, the doctor may even apply a plaster cast to completely immobilize the joint.

After relieving pain and inflammation, it is necessary to perform special therapeutic exercises for the hands in order to develop joints and improve blood circulation in them. Charging is recommended to perform a lifetime, and not only during treatment, as a prevention of relapse. In parallel with exercise therapy, it is recommended to do finger massage every day.

How to relieve inflammation of the joints of the fingers

It is not recommended to treat joint inflammation at home, but if the disease is taken by surprise, you can try to remove the inflammation using traditional medicine recipes, or pharmacy ointments with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. But it is worth remembering that such treatment is symptomatic, it will not relieve the cause of the disease, but only temporarily ease the condition.

With gout, when the finger is swollen, reddened and unbearably sore, cold must be applied to it. An ice compress will relieve the condition, relieve swelling. For the compress to be effective, you need to put your hand on the pillow just above the shoulder, relax, apply ice on top, wrapped in a clean cloth for 10 minutes. Then take a break of 10 minutes and repeat the procedure.

Warm salt baths, as well as baths with mineral waters, help well from pain in the joints of the hands. At home, you can do simple salt baths every evening, for this you need to dilute sea salt in hot water, pour the solution into a basin and dilute with cold water. Place your hands in the bath for 15 minutes, and after the procedure, hold a light massage of the hands with a nourishing cream.

Compresses with decoctions of herbs, for example, with chamomile, string, sage or comfrey, will help relieve joint inflammation. These plants have an excellent analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. To prepare a compress, the grass is brewed in boiling water and insisted for 2 hours, then filtered. Broth need to soak a clean cloth and wrap it around the diseased hands for 3-4 hours.

Another simple but effective tool that will help reduce joint inflammation overnight is a white cabbage leaf. The sheets need to be washed, rumpled so that they give juice, and wrap them with sore fingers, and fix with a bandage on top, but not too tight. Leave a compress overnight, in the morning the pain will decrease.

Prevention

To prevent inflammation of the fingers, the following recommendations must be observed:

  • annually undergo medical examinations, take tests;
  • eat right and balanced;
  • timely treatment of infectious diseases;
  • wear gloves in the cold season;
  • every day do exercises for the whole body, and do not forget about the brush;
  • with small hands, you need to give your fingers time to relax;
  • It is recommended to give up alcohol, cigarettes and drugs.

A correct lifestyle and timely access to a doctor will help to keep the joints in a healthy state for many years, as well as to avoid serious complications and disabilities.

Author: Gilmutdinov Marat Rashatovich

Children’s orthopedist and surgeon. Diagnoses and treats heel spurs, osteoarthrosis, scoliosis, torticollis, clubfoot, flatfoot, humeroscapular periarthrosis and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system, surgical pathology in children. Experience 16 years / Doctor of the highest category

Hand Arthritis Treatment at Home – An Overview of Effective Techniques

Arthritis is a joint disease in which the inflammatory process slowly but steadily – over many years – covers the cartilage and bone tissue, and if the form is advanced, it affects the muscles, ligaments and internal organs.

With successful therapy, it is possible to stop the inflammatory process and stabilize the patient’s condition.

How to treat finger arthritis at home? If you properly “attack” the disease, you can achieve significant progress in 1-2 months.

Home therapy

The traditional treatment, which is complemented by home activities, quickly gives a positive trend.

  • taking decoctions and infusions from medicinal herbs;
  • the application of plants soaked in hot water to diseased joints (the ground part is used: stems, leaves);
  • rubbing ointments prepared from natural ingredients (based on petroleum jelly, vegetable and butter);
  • massage (used in the chronic course of the disease and prohibited in acute inflammation) – its correct technique is mastered under the supervision of a doctor;
  • special gymnastics (exercises are aimed at restoring the amplitude of movements, reducing soreness, relieving swelling).

Ointments and compresses

Warming compounds restore blood circulation, relieve swelling and have a distracting effect, but they can only be used in the chronic course of the disease.

Soothing and softening ointments soothe, relieve the sensation of heat in the foci of inflammation, remove redness.

From mustard, honey and vegetable oil

Mustard powder, fresh honey, olive oil are mixed in equal amounts (if there is none, any vegetable can be used).

The ointment has a warming and distracting effect, reduces swelling, removes the “gloves” syndrome.

If the disease has reached a severe stage, when the patient cannot hold light objects in his hands, is not able to turn the handle of the crane, this remedy returns the fingers to their previous mobility.

From carrots, turpentine, vegetable oil

Medium-sized carrots are rubbed on a fine grater, a few drops of vegetable oil (preferably olive) and turpentine are added.

The mixture is used for a compress: it is wrapped with brushes, wrapped with a thin natural fabric, then with a film, and fixed with a wide bandage.

From green potatoes

The tool is effective in the initial and middle stages of the disease.

When using it, extreme care is taken – in the tuber, which lay in the sunlight, solanine is formed. The substance is toxic, therefore, such potatoes can only be used as a compress!

It must be grated, lowered into a sieve. Sprinkle potatoes with boiling water from the kettle, wait until its temperature is tolerable for the skin. Make a compress, remove after 2-3 hours.

Another useful recipe for ointment, see this video:

For oral administration

For the preparation of decoctions, it is recommended to use plants:

  • coltsfoot;
  • Hypericum perforatum;
  • calendula;
  • pharmaceutical camomile;
  • birch (buds and leaves);
  • turmeric (add a pinch of seasoning to the broth);
  • lingonberry (leaves and berries).

2 tsp required pour 1 cup of boiling water and insist in a thermos or in a water bath for 10-20 minutes.

Use warmly in 3 divided doses. You can combine herbs, making them fees in which the components are mixed in equal volumes.

A few more recipes for decoctions and infusions:

Features of food

What threatens improper nutrition in the treatment of finger arthritis? Excessive amounts of salt, carcinogens (a large number of them contain fried foods, smoked meats), marinades, spicy seasonings increase tissue swelling, form toxins that contribute to the progression of arthritis.

Recommended for use:

  • buckwheat and oatmeal;
  • vegetables and fruits;
  • a small amount of vegetable oil (they can be seasoned with vegetable salads);
  • low-fat varieties of meat and fish.

In the diet, the principle of moderation must be observed. Meals occur at the same time 5-6 times a day.

This must be noted.

  1. Even with severe pain in the fingers, you can’t start the disease: you need to do gentle massage movements, roll special balls in your palms (sold in pharmacies), train your fingers with the help of exercises.
  2. If the compositions contain irritating substances (mustard powder, pepper), then if you feel a strong burning sensation, immediately rinse off the product. The amount of this component must be reduced or another treatment method selected. Medications that cause an allergic reaction also require urgent withdrawal.
  3. Treatment gives quick results if you “step on” the disease with medications for oral administration and at the same time use topical agents.

Arthritis has to be fought all his life, but this does not mean that the patient is no longer available life joys.

It all depends on the person himself: forming a positive attitude, participating in social events, developing creative abilities – you can not only forget about the disease, but also achieve a stable remission.

Shishkevich Vladimir

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews. It specializes in the treatment of diseases in orthopedic, traumatological, vertebrological profiles

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