One of the most serious diseases are those associated with the functioning of the musculoskeletal system. Not so long ago, they hit people in their ages, but recently the disease has “become younger.” Spinal traction with a hernia of the spine is also necessary for fairly young people who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
Osteochondrosis, arthritis seriously complicate life, the appearance of an intervertebral hernia will be no less problematic. Ailments do not allow you to move freely, and with a heavy course, the quality of life seriously changes. Vertebral hernia is a very common manifestation of changes in the structure of bone tissue. Traction of the spine when diagnosing a hernia is a new direction that helps to cope well with the disease. Apply traction (steel) not so long ago. The impact on the vertebral column, on which the hernia formed, is preferred to be carried out immediately in two directions – mechanically and naturally.
The purpose of the hood for the spine
Vertebral hernia is a rather dangerous disease among other degenerative pathologies occurring in bone tissues. With this pathology, bulging through the microcracks of the fibrous ring of the intervertebral disc is characteristic. A hernia can press on the branches of nerve endings, affect the spinal cord. At first, the pains are not particularly intense, gradually, in the process of developing the ailment, they intensify.
The emerging radicular syndrome, quite painful, is often accompanied by paresis, paralysis. Gradually, with the further development of the disease, susceptibility disorders are noted, problems with the functioning of the pelvic organs appear. If untreated, the risk of developing disability increases.
As a result of a successful procedure, the load on nerve cells decreases, muscle fibers are stretched, and blood circulation improves. Traction helps to restore metabolism.
To perform spinal traction during a hernia, various techniques are used – underwater and dry. Traction of different options is carried out only after the exacerbation of the disease has been removed. The underwater version can be used as the main method for treatment, as well as for normalizing the physical condition of patients with scoliosis, kyphoscoliosis, and other spinal problems.
Possible causes of the disease
The development of intervertebral hernias can occur for the following reasons:
- Previous injuries;
- Strong, regular exercise;
- The development of osteochondrosis;
- Excessive tension of the spinal column;
- Metabolic problems;
- Inflammatory processes of connective tissue;
- Hereditary factor;
- Curvature of the spinal column.
Hernia treatment is a rather complicated and lengthy process. Patients may be prescribed medications with anti-inflammatory, analgesic effects. Subject to the recommendations of the doctor, bed rest, improvement will occur in about 10-15 days, the pain will recede, the patient will be able to move more freely. But it is worth knowing that the patient, even with very good health, should not show excessive activity for another couple of months. Otherwise, there is a risk that the disease will reappear.
It is not always possible to cope with the disease with gentle methods. For about a fifth of patients with this diagnosis, surgical intervention is considered necessary.
Additional methods of working with the disease, which the doctor considers it appropriate to prescribe, can be used. These are acupuncture, massage, water procedures, manual therapy, gymnastics with a therapeutic effect. Extraction of the spine and the traction method began to be widely used not so long ago, despite the fact that this method has been known since ancient years.
Patients who turn to the doctor for problems with the spine may be offered a procedure aimed at stretching the spinal column. It can sometimes be carried out at home, if the disease is not in the acute stage. Traction of the spine with a hernia of the lumbar spine, performed under water, is considered a more effective procedure. During its implementation, it is possible in most cases to eliminate displacement of the vertebrae, to restore the deformation of the spinal column.
“Traction” is a name derived from the Latin word meaning “pull.” There are no unambiguous indications, as well as contraindications, to the implementation of the procedure at this time. When considering the need for the appointment of the procedure will be taken into account:
- Gender and age of the patient;
- What is his condition at the time of the examination;
- How active the patient leads.
Even during the procedure under the supervision of experienced medical personnel, troubles are not excluded. Before deciding to conduct traction, you must try to adequately assess the need for the procedure, its possible pros and cons.
Hoods were used a long time ago – the history of the procedure goes back several hundred years. In eastern medicine, the dry method of traction is used quite actively. In yoga, there is a complex of specially selected postures, the action of which is aimed at solving troubles with the spine.
Spinal traction in the presence of a hernia of the spine can be done in different ways – dry vertical, horizontal, underwater. The choice of the best option is carried out by the doctor.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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When choosing this type of procedure, the patient is placed on a specially prepared surface having an elevation for the head. The arms and legs are fixed using special loops. The essence of the wellness measure is that the stretching of the spine will occur naturally, under the body’s own weight. To enhance the effect, additional devices can be used to increase the load. This method of drawing makes it possible to reduce or increase the degree of stretching effort depending on the condition of the patient and his well-being.
This type of exposure can be used in the initial phase of the disease. Most doctors consider the dry stretching of the spine with a hernia to be ineffective – the process is not easy to control. But this technique has an advantage – it can be implemented without problems at home. For her, you need to equip the horizontal bar.
Such a procedure as water traction of the spine when a hernia is detected is performed exclusively in a clinic. This type of exposure is considered the most sparing. The hoods are carried out in the pool, where there is additional equipment – special handrails, shields and so on. Thanks to water, the procedure is more relaxed, tension is reduced in the patient’s body, nerve endings are relaxed, thus the process of stretching is significantly improved.
An extract made in water helps to significantly reduce the discomfort that is felt by the vertebrae, therefore this method is preferable in case of exacerbation of the disease or in case of pain.
To obtain a greater effect, other procedures that are useful for the spine can be prescribed together.
Benefits of the procedure
There is no general opinion about how useful spinal traction is in case of a lumbar hernia, but there is no evidence that it can cause any harm. Many health workers find it useful that with this procedure it is possible:
- Do without taking medication and surgery;
- Significantly alleviate physical suffering for the patient;
- Reduce muscle tension
- In nerve roots, reduce edema, decompression;
- Reduce stress inside the spinal discs.
But there is another opinion – some doctors consider the technique ineffective for the following reasons:
- Possible relapse of the disease after the procedure;
- Provokes an increase in edema;
- Inflammatory processes intensify;
- In the sections adjacent to the affected areas, microtraumas occur.
In order not to go to undergo an extraction of the spine to specialists, not to visit a physiotherapist, you can take care in advance to observe preventive measures. They are recommended to be carried out immediately, as soon as the sensation of pain in the spine begins.
- Lead an active lifestyle. Pilates and swimming, yoga and gymnastics have beneficial effects on back health. With regular physical exertion, the muscle frame is well strengthened, the spine retains its position.
- Eating foods high in calcium.
- It is worth emphasizing the strengthening of the immune system.
- A multivitamin course helps to strengthen the general state of health, which has a beneficial effect on the processes occurring in it.
- Infectious diseases must be treated promptly.
- Try to avoid hypothermia, stressful situations.
If you have a herniated vertebral column diagnosed, it will be helpful to perform the exercises in the form of a special complex. The purpose of the exercises is to retract the spinal column. The complex is carried out under the supervision of a physician. He will take into account possible contraindications and select the most effective procedures.
A very good effect is given by crawl style swimming. Breaststroke is not recommended – with it, the neck can strain.
Like other therapeutic methods, the one that aims to correct the situation with the spine has some contraindications. They should be taken into account by both specialists and patients, if they practice the procedure at home.
The main contraindications are as follows:
- Severe pain in the spine;
- Oncological diseases of the spinal cord;
- Inflammatory processes developing in the skeletal muscle or bone tissue of the skeleton;
- The presence of osteochondrosis;
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- Past injuries, fractures of the spinal column;
- Problems with the liver and kidneys.
The procedure is not recommended for patients who are overweight and elderly patients. In such cases, the load on the back is significantly increased, attempts to stretch the spine lead in most cases to the appearance of cracks in the segments of the spinal column and its deformation.
As an alternative to improving the situation with the spine, you can use special gymnastics. It includes special exercises designed to strengthen the muscles of the back. Such work on the body helps to reduce the intensity of the pain syndrome, normalize the function of the spinal column.
It should be understood that physical therapy classes do not guarantee to obtain good results in a short time. But there are no special contraindications, besides serious health problems. The procedure does not bring negative consequences. With the approval of a doctor, patients can use this technique, regardless of age.