With gout, the joints of the limbs hurt, a person loses interest in life. All efforts and attention are focused on finding effective treatment. A disease manifests itself with age-related changes in the body. The danger of gout, treatment at home with the help of simple and affordable means, we will consider in more detail.
- Causes and symptoms of the disease
- Methods of therapeutic effect on the disease
- Traditional recipes
- Recipes for external use
- Tincture of Valerian on a triple cologne
- Pork fat compress
- Fish compress
- Contrast baths
- Soda-iodine baths
- Honey pack
- Decoctions and tinctures for internal use
- Broth on bay leaf
- Cone broth
- Onion broth
- Sokolov’s collection
- Alcohol tincture of lilac
- nutritional care
Causes and symptoms of the disease
Gout is a disease in which a large amount of uric acid accumulates in the human body, which destroys the joints. Acid is formed during the breakdown of food and is excreted from the human body through the kidneys. With an increase in the level of uric acid, the kidneys can not cope, and it accumulates inside the body, poisoning and destroying it. Acid forms crystals, which in the form of grains settle on the joints. Swelling develops in the joint, the inflammatory process begins. A person experiences pain when moving with a damaged organ.
At the first stage of the disease, a person feels stiffness and discomfort while moving the joints. As the disease develops, the patient manifests symptoms:
- Pain of an acute nature, when trying to move a joint;
- The skin above the joint turns red;
- The place of localization of pain has a fever, the skin is hot to the touch;
- On the auricles, nodularity is observed;
- The joint loses mobility;
- The pain is even a touch.
Symptoms worsen at night, when a person is inactive. The patient loses sleep, becomes depressed and experiences nervous agitation. The appearance of nocturnal symptoms indicates an exacerbation of gout.
More often gout occurs in people after 45 years. With age, the kidneys weaken and do not have time to remove uric acid from the body, which accumulates and crystallizes on the joints. But not only the elderly are at risk. The disease can occur in people with pathologies:
- Congenital anatomical abnormalities in the urinary system;
- With burdened heredity;
- With acquired or congenital kidney disease;
- In sufferers of an endocrine disorder.
And people with a sedentary lifestyle and having excessive body weight are also susceptible to the disease.
Methods of therapeutic effect on the disease
Since at an early stage gout does not manifest itself in any way and the patient consults a specialist only during an exacerbation of the disease, it will not be possible to completely cure the person.
The following gout treatment regimens are available:
- Medication. With the help of drugs, the pain syndrome is stopped. In parallel with the patient, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. With progressive gout in acute form, antibiotics and corticosteroid drugs are additionally prescribed. After taking, the uric acid index and the motor function of the joints are restored. Drug therapy alleviates the condition for a while. With the advent of the next attack, medicines are prescribed again.
- Physiotherapy: paraffin heating, electrophoresis.
- Home treatment with folk recipes.
A good result gives a complex effect. Alternative methods will not be effective without the use of pain medications, which will help alleviate the condition during an exacerbation.
Folk recipes will not help to quickly get rid of a burning sensation in the joints, but they will gradually relieve pain and restore mobility. Unlike conservative treatment, folk recipes are used every day and prevent the transition of gout to acute form.
At home, two methods of treatment are used:
- With the help of herbs, lotions, compresses, decoctions and baths;
- Using a special diet.
But before using folk recipes, it is recommended to consult with a treating specialist. Some herbs and products cause an allergic reaction and are not suitable for patients with individual intolerance.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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Recipes for external use
For external use are used:
Tincture of Valerian on a triple cologne
The recipe was used from the end. 90s, when triple cologne was available in any store, and it was difficult to get high-quality medications. But the method is effective and, subject to the formulation, quickly helps to normalize blood circulation, relieve swelling and relieve acute pain.
Ingredients needed for cooking:
- 50 ml triple cologne;
- Valerian on alcohol – 2 pcs.
The ingredients are mixed in a separate glass bottle and put in a dark place for three days. A cotton pad is moistened with tincture, which is applied to the affected area. On top, the compress is covered with cling film and wrapped in a warm scarf. If the joint on the leg hurts, then a woolen sock is put on it. Keep the compress for 3 hours, then the skin is lubricated with baby cream. It is done once a day for 2 weeks. Repeat treatment after 4 weeks.
Pork fat compress
The basis of the remedy is pork fat, but beef or goose is also suitable. The fat is cleansed from the skin and melted in a cast-iron skillet. The resulting fat has warming functions and is used in warm form for compresses.
To prepare a compress, you will need the ingredients:
- 200 g of melted fat;
- 500 g of sea salt.
Salt is poured into 1 liter of water. The product must be put on a slow fire, until the water is almost completely boiled away. At the bottom of the pan should remain raw slurry of salt. Fat is laid out in the hot salty gruel. Everything is thoroughly mixed.
The product is applied in a warm form to the sore joint. It’s easier to put warm liquid fat on a gauze. From above, the compress is wrapped with cling film and covered with a warm scarf. Keep the compress overnight. After removal, the skin is wiped with a damp cloth, moisturizer is applied on top.
The course of treatment is 1 month. Repeat once every three months.
Fatty sea fish are suitable for preparing a compress: mackerel, sea tongue, herring. The fish is chopped in a meat grinder or cut into small pieces. Large and sharp bones that can damage the skin are removed before use.
To prepare a compress you will need:
- Shredded fish 100 g;
- 1 teaspoon of tincture of pepper on alcohol.
The ingredients are mixed. The finished mixture is applied evenly to the affected area. From above, the compress is wrapped with cling film and covered with a warm blanket. Hold the compress for 40 minutes. The procedure is done every day before bed for two weeks.
The effectiveness of contrast baths has been proven by Japanese experts. In the control group of patients, contrasting baths were added during the month in addition to the traditional treatment. Exacerbations of gout in patients from the control group were observed in only 20% of patients, and from the usual in 60%.
To prepare the baths you will need:
- Two vessels, their size depends on the location of the diseased joint on the arm or leg;
- Any cereal;
- Ice cubes.
To perform the procedure, ice water is poured into one bathtub and ice is put in, the cereal is placed in the second, which is filled with hot water. Croup does not allow water to cool quickly and keeps the temperature comfortable for human skin.
Within five minutes, the diseased limb alternately descends into the cold, then into the warm bath. It is necessary to detain a sick limb in one container for 5-7 seconds. Baths are made in a course for 1-2 months. Twice a day.
The course consists of 20 procedures. A warming bath is performed once every two days and alternates with any other compress.
A honey compress is not suitable for people suffering from varicose veins, so a specialist consultation is necessary before the procedure.
Ingredients needed for cooking:
- 100 g of honey;
- 100 g dry mustard;
- Xnumx soda.
The ingredients are mixed cold until uniform. The resulting mixture is superimposed on a sore joint, cellophane and a warm scarf are applied on top. Keep the compress 1 hour. If you feel a strong burning sensation, then you should not endure it, the compress is immediately removed. The course is for 2 weeks, every other day.
Decoctions and tinctures for internal use
Decoctions are prepared on the basis of medicinal herbs. Ingredients for decoctions are prepared in advance, since each herb has its own collection time. If you can’t collect herbs yourself, the ingredients are purchased at the pharmacy. We do not recommend using herbs purchased from grandmothers in the market. Where and at what time the herbs were collected is not known. Some plants collect heavy metals. Using such herbs for treatment, the patient will only worsen his condition.
Broth on bay leaf
Bay leaf removes toxins from the body, promotes the breakdown of uric acid crystals, normalizes kidney function.
To prepare the broth you will need the ingredients:
- Bay leaves (not older than 1 year) – 10 pcs.;
- 500 ml water.
The ingredients are placed in a pan, and placed in a water bath. The broth is brought to a boil and put in a warm and dark place for 1 day. After cooling, the broth is filtered and drunk ½ cup 2 times a day, morning and evening. The course is not less than 1 month.
To prepare a decoction of cones, green pine fruits will be required. Cones gather before they ripen. Prepare a decoction of crushed cones, which are poured with water and heated in a water bath.
A hot broth is removed from the fire and poured along with chopped fruits into a thermos. The broth should stand for 2 days.
Onions are washed, the roots are cut off. Together with the peel, four heads are boiled in 1 liter of water over low heat for 1 hour. The pan is tightly closed with a lid so that the liquid does not boil away.
The finished mixture is filtered and drunk 100 ml twice a day for three weeks.
Sokolov’s broth with gout is effective in exacerbating the disease and in remission.
To prepare Sokolov’s broth, you will need the ingredients:
- 4 tablespoons of willow bark;
- 4 tablespoons of horsetail;
- 4 g of birch leaf;
- 2 g black elderberry;
- 2 g nettle sheet;
- 1 g of juniper berries;
- 1 g of buckthorn bark;
- 1 g of peony flowers;
- 1 g of calendula flowers;
- 1 g spoon cornflower.
The ingredients are mixed and poured 1 liter of boiling water. The composition is allowed to infuse for 1 hour. Drink ½ cup every 60 minutes. The course lasts until the pain disappears. As a prevention, a decoction is taken in ⅓ cup three times a day.
Alcohol tincture of lilac
Dark glass bottles are filled with lilac flowers. Lilac of any color is suitable: white, lilac. Flowers are poured with 200 ml of vodka or alcohol. The bottle is put in a dark place for 7 days. Once a day, the container shakes.
An infusion of ½ teaspoon three times a day before meals is taken. The course is from 2 weeks to 1 month.
The diet of a patient with gout should consist of the following products:
- Vegetables and fruits, except bananas. In the diet, they should be 70% of all food.
- Berries: strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries. Preference should be given to wild species, as they have more nutrients and less sugar.
- Meat of low-fat varieties: rabbit meat, turkey meat, chicken breast, veal. You can eat no more than 200 g per day.
- Dairy products with a fat content of up to 1,5%. Do not eat low-fat cottage cheese and kefir. Calcium without fats is not absorbed by the body and food intake will be wasted for the body.
- Wholemeal bread and pasta. On the day no more than 1 piece of bread and 100 g of pasta.
- Chicken, quail eggs, not more than 1 per day.
- Cereals: rice, buckwheat. One serving a day in boiled form.
- In a limited amount, salt and spices are allowed to be added to food. Vegetable oil is allowed no more than 1 tablespoon per day.
Completely excluded from the diet:
- Smoked, salted types of meat, sausages, sausages;
- Potatoes, peas and beans;
- Alcohol and carbonated drinks;
- Fresh tomatoes
Diet with gout should come into life and become a habit. Despite the pain, a person with gout should move. Once a day, walks in the fresh air. Patients without excess weight to effectively do morning runs. In winter, skis will help to supplement the load, in summer a bicycle. No need to try to overcome long distances, just drive a few kilometers at a quiet pace. During exacerbation of physical activity should be abandoned.
You can continue to lead an active lifestyle with gout, most importantly, do not start the disease and turn to specialists in time.