The clinical picture of the described disease has features in different periods of the development of pathology. In the early stages, the patient may not pay attention to discomfort in the calcaneus. However, a progressive tendon lesion worsens a person’s well-being.
Manifestations of heel bursitis deliver a lot of discomfort to the patient. In severe cases, a person becomes disabled.
Symptoms of achillobursitis:
- Pain in the area of attachment of the ligament to the calcaneus.
- Redness of the affected area.
- Edema and deformity of the calcaneus. The patient cannot put on shoes or load the leg.
- Tendon thickening.
A feature of the symptoms with bursitis of the heel remains their increase at the slightest load. Even a regular trip to the toilet gives the patient a lot of trouble.
Which doctor treats heel bursitis?
Depending on the severity of the symptoms of the heel bursitis, doctors of different specialties can treat the pathology. At the initial stages, when the disease is limited to discomfort after physical exertion, a family doctor or a local therapist is engaged in rehabilitation. The appointment of painkillers with the provision of the affected limb of rest guarantees an improvement in human well-being.
In more severe forms of the disease, the help of an orthopedist, surgeon or rheumatologist may be required. In each case, the selection of a therapeutic program is carried out individually.
Diagnosis of the corresponding pathology involves the use of a complex of techniques and procedures.
To verify the cause of symptoms, apply:
- Inspection of the affected area.
- Palpation of the zone of attachment of the tendon to the calcaneus.
- Radiography to rule out fractures.
- Laboratory studies (general and biochemical analysis of blood).
- Ultrasound of the corresponding joint.
In some cases, to clarify the diagnosis, a puncture of the bag may be required to establish the nature of the fluid inside.
Treatment of heel bursitis is aimed at stabilizing joint function with minimizing symptoms. To improve the condition of collagen fibers, the patient needs rest.
It is necessary to reduce any physical activity. To treat Achilles tendon bursitis without taking into account this circumstance is useless.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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The drug approach to healing the patient in this case involves the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs.
In practice, the following groups of funds are assigned:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Paracetamol, Ibuprofen).
- Glucocorticosteroid drugs.
Medications are used both internally and externally for a complex effect on the affected area.
Medication is well complemented by physiotherapeutic procedures. Improvement of the affected tendon is achieved through the following methods:
- The influence of ultrasonic waves.
- Magnetic therapy.
All these methods are aimed at stabilizing microcirculation in the affected area with acceleration of regeneration processes. At the same time, tight dressings should not be forgotten to minimize the mobility of the damaged structure.
Treatment of achillobursitis with folk remedies is effective only in the early stages of the disease. With severe damage to the ligament, no decoctions and infusions will help.
- Black radish compress.
- Dressing soaked in horseradish juice.
- Tendon warming with dry salt.
All of these methods of treating heel bursitis at home are aimed at accelerating blood flow in the affected area. Traditional medicine can only be used as an auxiliary method of healing.
Surgery is performed in advanced cases when the disease is not amenable to medical treatment. The surgeon’s help may consist in suturing the ends of the tendon (if it is torn), excising the bursa or removing its contents. In each case, the approach to a particular patient is individual.
If you ignore the symptoms and lack of timely treatment, the pathology can be complicated.
Options for negative consequences:
- Septic blood infection.
- Severe deformation in the area of attachment of the tendon.
To prevent the development of complications, you need to start treatment as quickly as possible.
Prevention of the described pathology is to minimize the influence of risk factors. In addition, you need to fully eat and lead a healthy lifestyle.
Heel bursitis is a disease that gives the patient a lot of discomfort. To stabilize the condition of the tendon, a whole range of measures is required. It is best to prevent the disease than to fight it. To do this, if you experience discomfort in the heel area, you should consult your doctor.