What does a neurologist treat with what symptoms do an adult treat

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What symptoms should I contact a neurologist with?

It is important to know that disturbances in the functioning of the central nervous system occur slowly and imperceptibly. For this reason, many people are not even aware of the serious danger of developing a particular disease, such as paralysis, psychosis or impaired intelligence. In older people, the risk of developing various kinds of diseases associated with the nervous system increases significantly.

If you notice one of the symptoms listed below, then immediately contact a neurologist:

  • Weekly migraine attacks, accompanied by jumps in blood pressure, nausea and blurred vision
  • Severe dizziness
  • Stiffness of body movement
  • Tremor of arms and legs
  • Short-term loss of vision or consciousness
  • Unconscious seizures with cramps
  • Pain along the spine
  • Increasing muscle weakness
  • Numbness, tingling, or loss of sensation in certain areas
  • Memory impairment
  • Flushing chills or heat
  • Chronic insomnia, or vice versa persistent drowsiness
  • Cardiopalmus
  • Panic attacks and depression
  • Disorder of smell and taste

    To avoid various kinds of diseases of the nervous system, you need to lead a healthy lifestyle and observe elementary rules:

  • Sleep at least 8 hours a day
  • Stop Cigarette and Alcohol Abuse
  • Eat healthy
  • Spend in the open air at least 2 hours a day
  • Do sport

    Diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system

    Diagnosis of diseases of the nervous system implies a neurological examination of the patient, during which his consciousness, spatial orientation, intelligence, sensitivity, reflexes, etc. are analyzed. Sometimes a neurological disease can be identified on the basis of clinical indicators, but most often you have to resort to various medical studies:

  • Computed tomography of the brain and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can detect neoplasms, hemorrhage and other foci of the disease in the patient’s body.
  • Antigraphy and ultrasound can detect vascular disorders in the human body
  • Lumbar puncture, radiography and electroencephalography allow you to diagnose diseases of the nervous system
  • Other diagnostic methods include biopsy and a blood test.
    Make an appointment with a neurologist

    Where to make an appointment with a neurologist in Moscow?

    In the multidisciplinary medical center DoctorStolet you can always make an appointment with a neurologist. Our medical center is located between the metro stations Konkovo ​​and Belyaevo (South-West Administrative District of Moscow in the metro stations Belyaevo, Konkovo, Teply Stan, Chertanovo, Yasenevo, Sevastopolskaya, Novye Cheryomushki “And” Trade Union “). Here you will find highly qualified personnel and the most advanced diagnostic equipment. Pleasantly surprised by our customers and quite affordable prices.

    What a neurologist treats: what symptoms to treat

    The human body is a rather complex mechanism, which is controlled by the nervous system. If it fails, many organs and systems suffer. Disorders of the nervous system are functional and organic, which the neurologist treats. What specific symptoms should I consult with this doctor? This will be discussed in the article.

    What diseases does a neurologist treat?

    It has already been said above that this doctor treats organic and functional disorders of the nervous system. Organic include congenital disorders, as well as acquired as a result of injuries, stroke, infectious diseases or bad habits. Such violations indicate that the brain is damaged. They can also be a consequence of oncology or autoimmune processes.

    Functional disorders appear due to severe stress and anxiety. The brain is working properly. In such cases, not the central, but the parasympathetic nervous system suffers.

    Organic disorders of the nervous system lead to dementia and oligophrenia. Dementia is senile dementia. It occurs with Alzheimer’s disease, after traumatic brain injury, with alcoholism, brain tumors. There are three degrees of dementia. If at the first the patient can still serve himself, then at the last he becomes completely disabled.

    Oligophrenia is congenital mental retardation. It develops in the first years of life. In such children, mental retardation is noted, speech, motor skills, and emotions are poorly developed.

    Functional disorders of the nervous system include: neurosis, nervous tic, convulsions, involuntary muscle contractions, urinary incontinence, etc. These also include: phobias, tremors, anxiety. A psychiatrist or psychotherapist is usually involved in the treatment of such disorders.

    In Soviet times, such a specialist as a neurologist did not exist. His post was held by a neuropathologist. But recently, this specialist began to be called a neurologist.

    So what does a neurologist treat? What symptoms should an adult consult with this specialist? It:

    • encephalitis and myelitis;
    • neuritis;
    • radiculitis;
    • Alzheimer’s disease;
    • Parkinson’s disease;
    • multiple sclerosis;
    • osteochondrosis;
    • stroke;
    • migraine;
    • vegetative-vascular dystonia;
    • myasthenia gravis;
    • Cerebral palsy;
    • neuralgia;
    • epilepsy;
    • skull injuries and their consequences;
    • encephalopathy;
    • paralysis and paresis;
    • brain tumors;
    • neurosis;
    • Meniere’s disease;
    • polymyositis.

    Epilepsy and brain tumors are also treated by special doctors.

    What symptoms require a visit to a neurologist?

    It was said above that a neurologist treats. Now it should be said about what symptoms adults and children should treat. It:

    • various pain (pain in the back, arms, head, legs, face, etc.);
    • dizziness and migraine;
    • gait instability, frequent falls, stresses, disorder of coordination of movement;
    • nervous breakdown, fears, anxiety, phobias, obsessive actions and thoughts;
    • fainting, blurred consciousness;
    • nervous tic; twitching;
    • memory impairment, thinking;
    • spontaneous separation of urine or feces;
    • frequent feeling of numbness and tingling in the arms and legs;
    • convulsions;
    • sleep disturbance;
    • tremor of hands;
    • numbness of the face on the one hand, asymmetry (sign of stroke).

    Now it’s clear what the neurologist is treating, and what symptoms to address with him. The video shows what the doctor does at the appointment. First he listens to the patient’s complaints, then proceeds to an external examination.

    With the help of a special hammer, a neurologist checks the reflexes of the nervous system, tapping them on the nerve endings on the flexion surfaces of the arms and legs. Also checks eye movements when following a hammer.

    The doctor asks the patient to become in Romberg’s position (stretching out his hands forward, spreading his fingers, closing his eyes). It checks the stability and presence of tremors. You also need to touch the tip of the nose of one hand with the index finger without opening your eyes.

    Then the neurologist can schedule an examination. It includes:

    • MRI of the brain and spine;
    • dopplerography of cerebral vessels;
    • Ultrasound of the brain (usually prescribed for infants);
    • echo-encephalogram of the head;
    • x-ray of the skull;
    • CT scan;
    • cerebrospinal fluid analysis.

    Sometimes a neurologist can refer to a psychiatrist or psychologist if it is a neurosis, OCD, phobias, panic attacks.

    According to the results of the examination, the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes treatment. This includes painkillers, antidepressants, tranquilizers, antipsychotics, vasodilators. Widely used massage, physiotherapy, acupuncture. Also, the doctor may advise psychotherapy, aromatherapy, hypnosis, exercise therapy.

    As a rule, treatment initiated on time and following the advice of a neurologist greatly facilitates the patient’s condition.

    Doctor neurologist: what treats?

    Many people wonder, the doctor is a neurologist: what treats, what symptoms to treat? A neurologist or neuropathologist is a doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases of the nervous system of children and adults. Neurologists are divided into children and adults, these are different specializations, since the children’s nervous system is very different from the adult and requires milder treatment methods.

    Neurologist: what treats in adults?

    There are a huge number of diseases of a neurological nature, here are a few of them:

    • headaches and migraines;
    • epilepsy, convulsions;
    • back and neck pains;
    • spinal injuries and their consequences;
    • stroke and its consequences;
    • Parkinson’s disease;
    • Alzheimer’s disease;
    • insomnia;
    • high blood pressure;
    • pain associated with nerve damage;
    • multiple sclerosis.

    What symptoms should immediately visit an adult neurologist?

    Neurological diseases can be very dangerous, so it is important that you see a doctor immediately and have an examination if you experience pain or the following symptoms:

    • headaches more often than once a week;
    • dizziness, weakness, apathy;
    • short-term vision loss;
    • fainting, seizures;
    • trembling in limbs;
    • pain in the back, neck and limbs;
    • memory impairment;
    • insomnia or excessive drowsiness;
    • stiffness in the body, weakness in the muscles;
    • decreased sensitivity of certain parts of the body.

    What diseases does a pediatric neurologist treat?

    Neurologist, what treats children? He not only treats diseases, but also observes children of the first year of life for preventive purposes.

    Below are the diseases that the pediatric neuropathologist specializes in:

    • neurological lesions of a hereditary and infectious nature;
    • consequences of injuries;
    • epilepsy;
    • cerebral palsy;
    • developmental delays;
    • convulsions;
    • polio;
    • hyperactivity and attention deficit symptom;
    • children’s muscle tone;
    • headache;
    • hydrocephalus, etc.

    When should I visit a pediatric neurologist?

    A visit to a pediatric neurologist is mandatory from the first month of life, even if there are no symptoms. Observation by a neurologist is necessary even against the background of complete health every 3 months in the first year of life. In the second year of life, a doctor should be visited at least once every 6 months.

    With the symptoms listed below, it is necessary to immediately show the children to a neurologist, and sometimes it is necessary to immediately call an ambulance without waiting for a specialist appointment.

    Reasons to show the doctor to infants:

    • the child does not sleep well, often wakes up;
    • the child often shakes his chin or arms, especially during excitement and crying;
    • the baby spits abundantly;
    • the child tightens his toes while resting on the foot;
    • cramps appear at high temperature or in a dream;
    • the child hit his head;
    • the baby cries often and for no reason.

    Reasons to refer a teenager and an older child to a neurologist:

    • insomnia or drowsiness;
    • impaired motor or speech development;
    • concussion;
    • bleeding from the nasal passages;
    • motion sickness in transport;
    • deterioration of vision;
    • low concentration of attention, fatigue;
    • headaches and fainting;
    • enuresis.

    Primary reception. What happens in the neurologist’s office?

    At the first appointment, the doctor usually interviews the patient or his parent and makes an anamnesis. Next, a neurologist examines the patient, checks reflexes, vision, muscle strength and coordination. At preventive examinations of children, a pediatric neurologist checks the level of development of the child, gives recommendations for prevention.

    Depending on the condition of the patient, the doctor may prescribe a further examination:

    • ECHO-EG, neurosonography – ultrasound examination of the brain;
    • MRI – magnetic resonance imaging;
    • UZDG – Doppler ultrasound;
    • EEG – a study of the electrical activity of the brain;
    • ENMG – electroneuromyography;
    • UES – Ultrasonic encephaloscopy;
    • CT – computed tomography;
    • Lab tests.

    How to prepare for a pediatric and adult neurologist?

    A correctly drawn up medical history helps the doctor to prescribe a suitable examination, quickly diagnose and cure the patient. Therefore, you should prepare for a neurologist to save your doctor’s time and time.

    If something hurts, then you have to tell your doctor:

    • intensity and duration of pain;
    • what does pain look like, stabbing or aching;
    • in which area pain occurs and how often;
    • which provokes the appearance of pain.

    If the pain is often disturbed, then it will not be amiss to keep a diary of pain, in which it is necessary to note their frequency, intensity and in what situation they appear.

    If the patient experiences seizures, seizures with loss of consciousness, it is advisable to bring a loved one to the doctor’s office who can describe how the patient behaves during the seizure, whether there are convulsions.

    At the doctor’s appointment, you must bring a medical card and documents. If the patient has already been examined by another neuropathologist, it is necessary to collect all his records, test results, discharge from hospitals, prescribing. It is best to put them in chronological order.

    When visiting a pediatric neurologist, the parent needs to remember everything unusual in the behavior of his children. In order not to forget, it is best to record all dubious incidents in order to tell the doctor about them.

    It will be very convenient to write down in advance all the questions that are of concern to be sure to ask the doctor and not to forget anything.

    How does a neurologist treat?

    A neuropathologist may prescribe a different treatment, depending on the condition of the patient. It can be medications in the form of tablets and injections, physiotherapy, physiotherapy and massage. Often the patient is assigned rest and bed rest for the period of exacerbation.

    Visiting a neurologist is necessary when the first signs of the disease appear, because diseases in an advanced form are much more difficult to cure. Regular visits to a pediatrician for preventive purposes can save a child from serious illness in the future. Any appointment should only be done by a doctor, do not self-medicate, especially if the child is sick.

    Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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