What does a neurologist and neurologist treat

A neurologist is studying the nervous system. He analyzes the pathological processes associated with the malfunctioning of the nervous system, and also observes it in a normal state. To give an accurate definition of the profession and answer the question – “what does a neurologist treat in adults”, you need to know that the doctor must have a completed medical education and carry out diagnostics at the highest level.

Neurologist – what kind of doctor is this?

To answer the question – what does a neurologist do, it is important to understand that the human body contains the nervous system, which does a great job and controls almost the entire body. A neurologist is a specialist who studies the work of the nervous system, pathology in its development, and determines a number of preventive measures that can restore the nerves to their original state.

Today, a neurologist and a neuropathologist are doing one thing. Both of them study the features of the nervous system, brain and plexuses.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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What is the difference between a pediatric neurologist and an adult?

The first question that every person asks for an appointment is what does a neurologist do? A neurologist treats diseases that affect the human nervous system. Neurologists are children and adults. In fact, this is one doctor, just a pediatric neurologist is monitoring the child’s nervous system from all sides from birth to adulthood.

A child specialist has the opportunity to prevent the development of progressive pathologies, and if this is not possible, prescribes preventive measures that maintain the stable condition of the child. The sooner the doctor notices the development of the malicious process, the more likely it is that complex treatment will help eradicate the disease and give the child a comfortable, disease-free life.

An adult neurologist works with patients who have reached the age of 18. His responsibilities include examining an already formed nervous system.

  1. The doctor diagnoses the causes of pain in the back, chest, neck, stomach, head.
  2. Among other things, a neurologist treats stuttering in adults.
  3. Since neurology is closely related to the digestive tract, endocrine system and sensory organs, a neurologist studies the brain. With disorders in the brain, all organs and parts of the body are at risk.

What diseases does a neurologist treat in adults?

What a neurologist treats in adults is presented in the following list:

  • any deviations leading to the appearance of headaches (nerve tic, migraine, tremor);
  • Parkinson’s disease;
  • cerebral hemorrhage (stroke);
  • spinal and head injuries;
  • sleep disturbance;
  • Alzheimer’s disease;
  • various cramps;
  • autonomic dysfunction;
  • intervertebral hernia, protrusion, sciatica;
  • multiple sclerosis;
  • hysteria;
  • all types of neuralgia;
  • epilepsy.

And this is only a small part of the diseases affected by the profession of a neurologist. What a neurologist treats in adults is damage to the nervous system by various viral, bacterial and fungal infections. In most cases, complications after a minor illness may have irreversible consequences. Only in rare cases, problems of the peripheral nervous system can be associated with the reaction of the body’s immunity.

When do I need to contact a neurologist as an adult?

There are situations when you should immediately contact a neurologist. Each problem has its own symptoms and, due to the fast pace of life, people often leave it without special attention. With problems with neurology, symptoms may occur once or repeatedly, one symptom or several may appear on their own. The main thing is to consult a specialist in time.

Symptoms, upon the appearance of which, it is necessary to go to an appointment with a specialist and find out what diseases a neurologist treats:

  • persistent headache;
  • muscle weakness;
  • speech disorders;
  • sleep disturbance and insomnia;
  • pain in the neck, back, or head;
  • tinnitus and dizziness;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • tingling or numbness in various parts of the body;
  • violation of coordination of movements;
  • pronounced weakness;
  • significant deterioration in the perception of reality, poor memory, distraction.

How is an adult neurologist taking it?

To find out what a neurologist treats in adults what complaints may arise, you must make an appointment with the doctor. First of all, the doctor should collect an anamnesis of the disease from the words of the patient. After collecting the general picture of what is happening, the doctor directs the patient to additional studies, if necessary. At the reception, the doctor may ask the patient to do a series of physical exercises to determine the degree of violations.

Additional studies you may need:

  1. Electroneuromyography (ENMG) is a study of the state of muscles and the peripheral part of the nervous system.
  2. X-ray of organs.
  3. Ultrasound is an ultrasound examination of certain organs.
  4. Computed tomography (CT) is a study using a tomograph of the brain and spinal cord.
  5. Electroencephalography (EEG) – a study in which the functional state of the human brain is checked by recording its bioelectric activity.
  6. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this case, it may be necessary to study the parts of the back and brain.
  7. Duplex scanning of the main arteries of the head (DS MAG) – checking the vessels of the brain.

How is an adult neurologist examined?

It is possible to answer reliably the question of how the examination is conducted by a neurologist, only after going through the procedure.

  1. Reception begins with a patient examination by a doctor and a conversation. Thus, the specialist finds out the reason for the visit and complaints.
  2. Further, the doctor may ask the patient to do a series of physical exercises to determine the degree of damage to the musculoskeletal system.
  3. The examination necessarily includes examination of the muscles and joints, the doctor can tap the knee cap and elbow with a hammer.
  4. A doctor may palpate some organs to get a complete picture.

The main purpose of the examination is to find out by a specialist what condition the patient’s nervous system is in. Therefore, to do without the accompanying procedures will not work. After the examination, the doctor prescribes a series of tests and additional studies that will help him understand exactly what is happening to the patient. Do not ignore the doctor’s prescription, even if you have to spend a lot of money on it, only in this way you can understand exactly what and how a neurologist treats adults.

What tests does a neurologist prescribe?

Tests for a neurologist play an important role in making a diagnosis. In almost all patients at the first stage, the doctor prescribes 2 main analyzes:

  • general blood analysis;
  • Analysis of urine.

By these indicators, you can understand how the body works and whether there are any deviations from the norm. Further, if necessary, a neurologist can direct specific tests, such as:

  • determination of the level of various hormones in the blood;
  • squirrel.

Often, for testing, a person is taken blood, but in neurology, cerebrospinal fluid is more informative. For her fence, a puncture is done – a puncture of the disk between the vertebrae in the lumbar region. The procedure is painful, and sometimes side effects sometimes appear, but when the risk of developing the disease prevails, you do not have to choose.

What does a neurologist and neurologist treat

Neurology is a field of medical science that studies the causes and develops methods for the recognition, treatment and prevention of diseases of the nervous system. A neurologist specializes in the recognition, treatment and prevention of diseases of the nervous system that are not accompanied by a change in the psyche. He conducts an independent appointment, and also advises doctors of other specialties who turn to him if the patient finds symptoms of these diseases.

Neurological disorders in children often require a special approach to treatment, and treatment methods differ from those used in adulthood. A pediatric neurologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and dysfunctions of the nervous system. Observing a child from the neonatal period to 18 years, the doctor can timely identify various alarming symptoms and prescribe adequate treatment. At each age stage, the child’s nervous system has its own characteristics and the specialist’s task is to recognize the minimum deviations from the norm in time.

Many patients do not know what a neurologist treats in adults and children, and confuse him with a psychiatrist or psychotherapist.

What does a neurologist treat in adults?

The competence of a neurologist includes such diseases and pathological conditions:

  • neuralgia (pain along the nerve);
  • neuritis (inflammation of the nerve);
  • cerebrovascular accident (dizziness, impaired coordination of movements, loss of consciousness, strokes);
  • chronic headache, migraine;
  • consequences of traumatic brain injuries (concussion, brain contusion);
  • osteochondrosis and its consequences (damage and inflammation of the roots of the spinal nerves);
  • scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine) with neurological manifestations;
  • intervertebral hernia with damage to the spinal nerves;
  • chronic fatigue;
  • sleep disorders;
  • panic attacks, etc.

When a neurologist consultation is needed

in which cases you should consult a doctor who treats diseases of the nervous system:

  • numbness, tingling, and periodic pain in the limbs or back;
  • chronic or paroxysmal headaches;
  • sleep disorders;
  • decreased memory and performance;
  • general weakness or in individual limbs;
  • periodic dizziness and tinnitus;
  • loss of consciousness for unknown reasons;
  • recurring bouts of seizures.

The presence of at least one of these signs of the disease indicates that you need to see a doctor.

What diseases do pediatric neurologists work with?

The most common reasons for contacting a pediatric neurologist are violations of sleep and behavior in a child, increased irritability, headaches, and systematic lag in studies. Among the pathologies with which the pediatric neurologist works, diseases such as:

  • epilepsy;
  • birth injuries and their consequences, metabolic disorders;
  • cerebral palsy;
  • hydrocephalus;
  • head injuries and their consequences;
  • general disorders (stuttering, hyperkinetic conditions, enuresis, various neuroses);
  • hereditary pathologies, including chromosomal, as well as diseases of amino acid or carbohydrate metabolism.

Organic diseases of the nervous system are the most common cause of disability in children, but with their early detection it is possible to carry out therapeutic and preventive measures in full. This helps to adapt the child to the social environment, prevent the development of complications and achieve a stable state.

How a neurologist works

At the reception, the doctor examines the patient and listens to his complaints. During the reception, he also conducts several tests to check reflexes and skin sensitivity. After that, for making a final diagnosis, you may need examinations: laboratory diagnostics, ultrasound examination with determination of blood flow velocity in the vessels; if necessary, direct to additional diagnostic methods. For treatment, the doctor uses various pharmaceuticals. The treatment may include massage services.

What does a neurologist treat a doctor and what symptoms should he be treated with

Chronic lack of sleep, severe mental and physical stress, stress, the pursuit of elevation, unfavorable environmental conditions, poor nutrition and bad habits – all this plagues the human nervous system, which ultimately crashes. We live in an age of technology and permissiveness, but, nevertheless, our organisms are weakening, and diseases are getting younger, and becoming more sophisticated.

However, diseases of the nervous system and problems of the brain and spinal cord were encountered even in ancient times, as evidenced by the works of Hippocrates and other scientists of those times. Of course, there were fewer of them, and they happened less frequently, but still they were. That is why there was a need for a separate science that would study in detail the structure of the central nervous system, the functions of its constituent organs and structures, the mechanism for the development of disorders in them, and also suggested solutions to the pathologies that arose. They called it neurology, and doctors called neurologists. In the eighties of the twentieth century, changes occurred in the Ministry of Health, and the neurologist was renamed a neurologist.

Now you will find out what the neurologist is treating, and what symptoms to use with him, but first find out who he is.

Who is a neurologist?

A neurologist is a specialist who has graduated from a medical institute in medical business, is well versed in therapy, and at the same time, has undergone a re-qualification in the neurological direction.

The human nervous system is a complex set of structures, including:

  • Brain;
  • Spinal cord;
  • Nerve plexus;
  • Bunches;
  • Endings and fibers.

They all consist of nerve cells called neurons. When their work fails, inflammation develops in the central nervous system, which is fraught with serious problems for the body as a whole.

The doctor of this profession should be able to find the right approach to patients, conduct a survey to reliably determine the cause of the violation, and select a research plan based on which one can assume a diagnosis. Let’s see what a neurologist does and what he heals.

What does a neurologist treat a doctor?

Its competence extends to any kind of neurological disorder. There are a huge number of them, and for each of them there is a characteristic symptomatology, contributing causes, predisposing factors, and also possible complications.

Often, a disease of the nervous system can be characterized by paralysis, mental breakdowns, convulsions and loss of all sensitivity. The most common conditions to be treated by a neurologist are:

  • Migraine – attacks of severe headache. It is noted that about 70% of the world’s population suffers from this phenomenon to a greater or lesser extent;
  • Nervous tic – muscle contractions on the face, repeated with a certain frequency;
  • Tremor – trembling of fingers and hands;
  • Paralysis – Bell’s most known paralysis, which affects the nerve on one side of the face;
  • Osteochondrosis – against the background of dystrophic changes in the cartilage of the spine, nerve endings can get pinched;
  • Intervertebral hernia – a similar situation associated with the proximity of the vertebral discs with the spinal cord and its processes;
  • Radiculitis is a disease in which nerve roots in the spine become inflamed;
  • Epilepsy – refers to a serious disease of the central nervous system, which is chronic in nature and manifested by seizures, loss of consciousness and convulsions;
  • Stroke – as a result of this acute violation, the brain may not be adequately supplied with blood, which causes paralysis;
  • The consequences of injuries to the skull and back;
  • Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease – occurs due to the active death of neurons, which entails irreversible consequences for the nervous system and psyche.

This is not the entire list of pathologies, but the main list of what a neurologist treats in adults.

What does a neurologist do and what does he do?

An experienced neurologist always tries to hear his patient, learn all about complaints, examine him well, starting with gait and movements, ending with facial features, find out if there were similar cases in his close relatives, and listen to the patient’s assumptions about possible causes of pathological disorders.

Provoking factors can be:

  • Infectious lesions of the main system by fungi, bacteria, viruses or other parasites;
  • Vascular disorders, most often inflammation, blood clots or tears;
  • Chronic diseases affecting the central or peripheral part of the NS;
  • Genetic abnormalities and hereditary mutations;
  • Injuries associated with bruising or damage to the head or back when brain structures are affected;
  • Poor child bearing, when the mother during pregnancy uses alcohol, tobacco and / or narcotic substances, does not monitor her health and does not eat well.

It can be concluded: the first thing a neurologist does is diagnose a patient. If necessary, he resorts to various analyzes and other research methods. Based on their results, he works out a therapeutic course, monitors the patient’s condition at all stages of treatment, helps the body recover, and gives the patient preventive advice.

What symptoms should be treated?

Disturbances in the functioning of the central nervous system occur slowly and imperceptibly. Because of this, a person very often does not suspect a serious danger until he or she develops paralysis, mental disorders, or weak intellect. In older people, the risks of these diseases increase at times.

Even such minor manifestations as tingling and numbness of the fingers should not be ignored, especially if they are combined with frequent dizziness, headaches and loss of consciousness.

What the neurologist treats, and what symptoms to treat:

  • Weekly migraine attacks, accompanied by deterioration of the visual apparatus, irregular blood pressure and nausea;
  • Severe dizziness;
  • Short-term loss of vision or consciousness with their subsequent return;
  • Unconscious seizures with convulsions;
  • Progressive muscle weakness;
  • Stiffness of body movements;
  • Tremor of arms and legs;
  • Pain along the back (spine);
  • Numbness of the tissues, tingling or loss of sensation in certain areas;
  • Memory impairment;
  • Chronic insomnia, or vice versa, around the clock drowsiness;
  • Hot flashes or chills;
  • Heart palpitations;
  • Bouts of panic and depression;
  • Disorders of taste buds and smell.

What treatment methods are used in neurology?

As mentioned earlier, the danger of neurological diseases is that they can be absolutely asymptomatic for a long time. But if you notice any characteristic signs, it is important not to miss the moment, and immediately seek qualified help from a neurologist.

Based on your complaints and diagnostic results, the doctor will be able to prescribe a treatment complex, which must be strictly followed to avoid complications. It is based on:

  • At the reception of medicines;
  • On manual therapy – effectively used for diseases of the spine;
  • On acupuncture – an effective method that positively affects the functionality of the central nervous system;
  • On physiotherapy, as an auxiliary tool on the path to recovery;
  • On psychotherapeutic techniques, for the treatment of neurosis and other mental disorders resulting in a nervous system disease.

Neurologist Tips

The health of the nervous system is a guarantee of normal functioning and conscious old age. The central nervous system is related to all internal organs of the human body, so it must be protected and protected from any kind of disease. If a pathological violation still develops, then do not hesitate in contacting a doctor, otherwise negative consequences can be allowed.

From the article you can understand what the neurologist does, and that the treatment methods give good results. But if you use them out of time, the effect may not be achieved. Therefore, in order not to run into troubles, and not to test your nervous system and body for strength, it is better to avoid the disease.

This can be done only by observing basic rules:

  • Sleep 8 hours a day;
  • Eat healthy foods
  • Refuse alcohol and cigarettes;
  • Spend in the open air for at least 2 hours a day;
  • Go in for sports (at least do basic exercises).

And let you know that a neurologist treats adults, but we wish this to be avoided.

What does a neurologist treat

A neurologist is a doctor who diagnoses, treats and prevents diseases of the nervous system. This is a specialist with a higher medical education, who has passed specialization in neurology. Finding a good neurologist in Moscow is easy.

The neurology clinic of the Yusupov hospital employs candidates and doctors of medical sciences, neurologists of the highest category. They constantly improve their qualifications in leading Russian and European neurological clinics, research institutes of neurology.

Professors working at the Yusupov Hospital are authors of books and scientific articles on neurology, members of the editorial board and scientific editors of many neurological journals that make scientific reports at Russian and international conferences on topical issues of neurology. Scientists are researching the latest drugs, so patients have the opportunity to receive modern, safe, effective drugs.

What diseases does a neurologist treat?

What does a neurologist treat in adults? Neurologists at the Yusupov Hospital are leading experts in the field of diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. They treat patients suffering from the following diseases:

  • arachnoiditis;
  • insomnia and sleep disorders;
  • Parkinson’s disease;
  • Alzheimer’s disease;
  • intracranial hypertension, hydrocephalus;
  • headache.

Neurologist patients are patients with various types of cerebrovascular accidents, including hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke, cerebral palsy, sciatica, lumbago, cluster headaches. Meningitis, myasthenia gravis, migraine, and myelitis are diseases in the presence of which patients turn to a neurologist.

What else does a neurologist treat? The help of a neurologist is necessary for neuralgia, neuritis or polyneuropathy, neoplasms of the brain or spinal cord, multiple sclerosis. Patients with the following syndromes need consultation and supervision by a neurologist:

  • restless legs;
  • attention deficit hyperactivity disorder;
  • chronic fatigue.

Tuberculous meningitis, tunnel syndrome, extrapyramidal disorders, encephalitis and encephalopathy are diseases that require the help of a neurologist. A neurologist-vegetologist studies the autonomic nervous system, its disorders, causes of diseases and prescribes treatment.

Symptoms in which you need to contact a neurologist

Diseases of the nervous system do not appear immediately, but develop slowly and gradually. They lead to dangerous grave and irreversible consequences – paralysis, disability, loss of intelligence. With age, this risk only increases.

With peripheral paralysis, contractility of muscles is lost, a person cannot move independently, he does not control his own. Paresis is a partial loss of muscle activity by muscles. In both conditions, muscle atrophy develops, muscle volume decreases, tendon reflexes are absent, muscle tone is lost.

Central paralysis is manifested by an increase in muscle tone, an increase in the speed of tendon reflexes. With the defeat of the basal ganglia, which are located in the white matter of the brain, there is a violation of the regulation of motor and autonomic function, which affects the motility of movements. They slow down, become involuntary, trembling (tremor) appears, muscle tone changes. In case of damage to the cerebellum, coordination of movements is impaired, speech becomes fuzzy and slow, limbs weaken.

When to contact a neurologist

Diseases of the nervous system are not always manifested by severe symptoms. Neurologist consultation is necessary in cases of:

  • the presence of headaches, which occur more than 1 time per week, are accompanied by visual impairment, changes in blood pressure, nausea, and vomiting;
  • sudden onset of dizziness, insecurity, shakiness in gait;
  • short-term or long-term, for several hours or days, loss of vision with subsequent recovery;
  • loss of consciousness, a single or repeated seizure.

The patient should consult a neurologist if he has slowed down the motor reaction, there is a feeling of stiffness in the body, trembling hands and feet, convulsive muscle contractions. Pain in the back, shoulders, arms and legs, decreased sensitivity in some areas of the skin, numbness and tingling also require examination by a neurologist. With a deterioration in memory, a change in smell, a violation of taste, a good neurologist will help. Consultation of a neurologist is indicated for patients suffering from causeless attacks of fear, panic, palpitations, chills or a feeling of heat in the whole body.

Reception at the neurologist

What does a neurologist do at the reception? The neurologist asks what complaints the patient has, finds out when the first symptoms of the disease appeared, whether they progress. Then the neurologist finds out whether there were similar symptoms in the next of kin of the patient.

He conducts an external examination, determines whether there is an asymmetry of the face or other parts of the body. To study the work of the oculomotor nerve, he suggests that the patient follow the movements of the malleus without turning his head. To test reflexes, he asks the patient to wrinkle his forehead, say “A” or stick his tongue out.

The sensitivity of the face is checked with a needle. To determine muscle tone and muscle strength, the doctor asks the patient to shake his hand, to resist when trying to bend the elbow. The deep reflexes of the arms and legs are checked by blows of the hammer on the tendons. Examines surface reflexes by irritating the skin of the anterior abdominal wall with a needle.

A deep study of the muscles and joints of a patient with eyes closed. The doctor takes the patient’s finger in different directions and asks for an accurate name in which direction he does it. To determine the condition of the paravertebral pain points and spinal nerves, drawing on the skin of the patient’s back helps various figures, numbers or letters.

In order for the doctor to check the coordination of movements, the patient takes the Romberg pose. He stands with his feet together, his arms extended forward and his eyes closed. The neurologist will ask you to slowly bring the index finger of each hand to the nose in turn. In this study, a person should not stagger to the sides. To assess memory, the doctor can ask the person under investigation specific questions about the account or knowledge of dates.

Additional neurological studies

What does a neurologist do after examining a patient? After clarification of complaints, anamnesis of illness and life, general and neurological examination, the doctors of the neurology clinic of the Yusupov hospital draw up a comprehensive examination scheme, which includes:

  • computed tomography – reveals areas of hemorrhages, malformations of arteries or veins, allows you to see tissue changes, their softening or edema with traumatic brain injury or cerebral infarction;
  • magnetic resonance imaging is a modern diagnostic method that provides more detailed information due to the greater resolution of the apparatus;
  • angiography – a contrast radiographic study that detects changes in the blood vessels of the brain;
  • multispiral tomography – a non-invasive method for visualizing brain vessels;
  • ultrasound – allows you to get a detailed image of the large vessels of the neck.

Lumbar puncture and analysis of cerebrospinal fluid is carried out with meningitis, hemorrhages, neoplasms of the meninges. An X-ray study uses contrast. On x-rays, the radiologist can see the intervertebral hernias of the discs, the growths of the vertebral bodies, and tumor processes. The study gives a clear idea of ​​the state of the subarachnoid space of the spinal cord.

Electroencephalography allows you to register brain biopotentials. Using electroneuromyography, the state of peripheral nerves and muscles, the localization of the pathological process, and the degree of damage to nerve fibers are determined. In neurology, diagnostic methods are used, such as a biopsy of muscles and nerve tissue, genetic studies, clinical and biochemical blood tests.

Where to find a good neurologist? Call the Yusupov hospital. Specialists of the clinic’s contact center at any time during the 7 days of the week record patients for an appointment with a neurologist. At a convenient time, a qualified specialist will conduct an inspection and schedule an examination, which will be performed using equipment from leading manufacturers. After receiving the results of a comprehensive examination, the doctor at the re-examination will determine the treatment tactics, prescribe effective drugs that are highly effective and have a minimal spectrum of side effects.

Anatoly Kudravets

Anatoly Kudravets, Orthopedic Traumatologist. He works with severe cases, practices operative methods of treating connective tissues