Osteochondrosis is a chronic pathology, not yet fully curable. The main principles of therapy are to carry out activities that improve the well-being of a person. At the stage of exacerbation for the relief of pain, swelling, inflammation of the soft tissues, the patient is shown taking medications and physiotherapeutic procedures. And what will be the patient’s condition at the stage of remission depends only on him.
If a person adheres to a salt-free diet, is engaged in physical therapy and gymnastics, then he can lead a familiar lifestyle and visit a bathhouse. A positive complex effect on the spine of hot steam, high humidity and healing phytoextracts, released when patted by eucalyptus, juniper, oak brooms, has long been noted.
The impact of thermal procedures
Is it possible to bathe in a bathhouse with osteochondrosis, the attending physician must decide – a vertebrologist, traumatologist, neurologist. It takes into account the stage of the pathology, the degree of destruction of the intervertebral discs and vertebrae, the presence of a history of chronic diseases. With persistent remission and good health, the bath is not only not contraindicated, but also recommended for patients. But during relapses, exposure to hot, humid air will only aggravate the patient’s poor health.
Osteochondrosis occurs due to damage to the cartilage tissue lining the articular surfaces. An X-ray diagnosis of patients with stages 3, 4 of the pathology reveals an extensive lesion of hyaline cartilage and the formation of bone growths. At the stage of exacerbation, the intervertebral disc protrudes into the spinal canal without rupture of the fibrous ring. Osteophytes, when displaced, damage nearby soft tissues, triggering the inflammatory process. If a person at this time visits the steam room in the bathhouse, then the intensity of inflammation will increase significantly, and the likelihood of irreversible complications will increase.
A patient with chronic osteochondrosis quickly learns to distinguish at what stage the pathology is. During relapse, piercing pains (“lumbago”) occur in the spine, and the range of motion decreases. To visit the bath with osteochondrosis, you should choose the stage of remission, in which the symptoms are absent or slightly expressed. For example, sometimes there are dull aching pains with a sharp change in weather or lifting weights. Dosed bath procedures have a multifaceted positive effect on the human body with pathologies of the musculoskeletal system:
- increased capillary blood flow in areas of the vertebrae with degenerative-dystrophic changes;
- spasmodic muscles relax, helping to improve blood supply to the discs and vertebrae with nutrients and bioactive substances;
- skeletal muscle is strengthened, reliably stabilizing the intervertebral discs;
- innervation is normalized, and the condition of the central and peripheral nervous systems improves;
- due to accelerated blood circulation, toxins, toxins, tissue breakdown products are removed from the spinal column, and lactic acid is removed from the muscles.
During a visit to the steam room, a kind of vascular bed training takes place, metabolism is accelerated, starting regenerative processes in damaged vertebrae. Due to the improvement of microcirculation of lymphatic fluid and a significant decrease in the rate of aggregation of red blood cells, swelling quickly dissolves, pathological exudate is removed from the body. Therefore, bath procedures are extremely useful, but only if they are carried out correctly.
Bath with cervical osteochondrosis
Patients are often interested in doctors whether it is possible to visit a bath with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, and whether this will cause a deterioration in health. These questions are logical, because this form of pathology is the most dangerous. Damaged vertebrae are located close to the brain, therefore, in the clinical picture, neurological disorders often prevail in comparison with the symptoms provoked by the destruction of hyaline cartilage. To go or not to go to the bath with cervical osteochondrosis is decided not only by an orthopedist or traumatologist, but also by a neurologist with a cardiologist. It is forbidden to visit the steam room with the following clinical manifestations:
- acute or chronic pain in the collar zone, indicating a strong inflammatory process;
- spasms of skeletal muscles in the neck, excessive tension of the shoulder muscles. The pathological condition usually develops due to compression of the sensitive nerve roots by edema or osteophytes;
- the occurrence of headaches, dizziness, a feeling of tension in the back of the head. These are signs of one of the characteristic clinical manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis – vertebral artery compression syndrome. It is dangerous for frequent arterial hypertension – the main contraindication for visiting a steam room.
Bath procedures are strictly forbidden to patients whose hands periodically go numb, muscle cramps occur, and tingling is felt in the upper part of the head.
Alexander Bonin about the benefits of the bath:
In the absence of symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis, there are no restrictions on visiting the bath. But vertebrologists recommend that patients before leaving home conduct several simple diagnostic measures to assess their health:
- measure your heart rate at rest. With an increase in heart rate from 90 beats per minute or a frequency of less than 60 beats per minute, a visit to the steam room will have to be postponed;
- use a blood pressure monitor to measure blood pressure. Carrying out any water procedure is contraindicated in case of arterial hypertension or hypotension;
- it is strictly forbidden to enter the steam room with hyperthermia, so you need to measure body temperature;
- palpate the back of the head and back of the neck. If pain occurs during palpation, then a visit to the steam room will provoke a deterioration in well-being.
Even the “neglected” OSTEOCHONDROSIS can be cured at home! Just remember to smear it once a day.
Vertebrologists advise patients with cervical osteochondrosis to visit a massage therapist or chiropractor before bath procedures if there are no somatic or vascular disorders. This will help the body prepare for the effects of hot steam.
Bath with thoracic and lumbar osteochondrosis
Thoracic or lumbosacral osteochondrosis is not as dangerous as cervical. Many patients are sure that hot steam in combination with juniper broom is a good tool for the treatment of “lumbago”. Is it possible to go to the bathhouse with osteochondrosis of the thoracic or lumbar region, the doctor decides. “Backache”, or acute pain in the lower back, is a leading symptom of exacerbation of pathology. A visit to the steam room in this state will not only not improve the well-being of the patient, but will also cause movement restrictions. For a full recovery, you will have to spend several days in bed.
Thoracic osteochondrosis is a rarely diagnosed pathology, but damage to the lumbar vertebrae is common. This section of the spine is subjected to severe static and dynamic loads, so the goal of therapy is the prevention of destruction of hyaline cartilage. For this, doctors recommend a comprehensive approach to the treatment of the disease – to strengthen the muscle corset through exercise and take chondroprotectors. A regular visit to the steam room will help achieve a stable remission. But for carrying out water procedures, there are contraindications:
- pain arising from pressure on the lower back;
- pain in the hips or legs, indicating an infringement of the sciatic nerve;
- tension of the lumbar, gluteal, and femoral muscles;
- numbness of the skin in the sacrum and lower back;
- stiffness of movements in the morning.
At the remission stage, a visit to the bath is only welcome. But moderation should be observed. Under the influence of hot steam and essential oils released from brooms, the patient’s condition improves significantly. He feels more confident and can perform actions prohibited for lumbar osteochondrosis. For example, bend over and raise a basin filled with water. Most likely, there will be a displacement of the vertebrae, and treatment will have to start again.
Osteochondrosis is a terminal disease, but it does not threaten human life. After stopping the acute symptoms, the patient seeks and tests methods to accelerate recovery. One of them is a regular visit to the bath, about the healing properties of which everyone has heard. Moreover, even those who have not previously gone to the steam room decide to use this method of treatment. Doctors warn that even many healthy people can become ill after a visit to the bathhouse. Therefore, the first visit should last no more than 5-10 minutes. Then the duration of the procedure gradually increases, as does the number of visits – from 2 to 3-4. It is recommended to adhere to the following rules:
- do not eat food 2-3 hours before leaving the house;
- do not drink a lot of liqu >
Brooms can be used any. But brooms from branches of shrubs of fir species, for example juniper, are especially therapeutically effective. During vigorous patting or rubbing their backs through the expanding skin pores, volatile products, bioflavonoids, essential oils, tannins penetrate well into tissues. These bioactive organic compounds additionally stimulate blood circulation, have a tonic effect on the entire spinal column.
If a patient with osteochondrosis is shown a course intake of systemic drugs or regular use of external funds, then you should discuss with your doctor the possibility of combining them with a visit to the bath. In most cases, this combination is acceptable.
The original Russian methods of healing are strictly prohibited: bathing in the ice hole after the bath, diving into a pool filled with ice water or jumping into a snowdrift. Under the influence of a sharp temperature drop, a muscle spasm will occur, which will provoke the same “backache”. Before leaving the bath, rinse under a warm shower, rub with a towel vigorously and lie down on the bench for a short while. At this stage, you can drink hot tea with healing fragrant herbs (thyme, oregano, lemon balm), a bite with honey. Before leaving the bath in the cold season, you should dress warmer.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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