Arthritis is a generalized concept of inflammatory joint diseases of various etiologies. There are many clinical forms of arthritis. Some are characterized by damage to large joints, while others are small. The disease affects adults and children. The principles of treating arthritis of the feet are not much different from the treatment of other joints, but they have their own characteristics.
- Types of diseases
- Complex therapy
- Non-steroid drugs
- Hormonal preparations
- Concomitant therapy
- Special cases
- Arthritis of the lower extremities
- Causes and types of ailment
- Symptoms of Leg Arthritis Disease
- Diagnostic Methods for Detecting Arthritis
- Joint disease treatment
- Therapeutic diet
- Surgical interventions
- How to warn?
- How to treat foot arthritis?
- Physiotherapy sessions
- Movement and exercise therapy
- Operational measures
- Foot arthritis treatment, symptoms and detailed photos
- Symptoms of foot arthritis
- What does arthritis of the foot look like: photo
- How to treat foot arthritis?
- Additional therapy
- Folk remedies
Types of diseases
With any inflammatory disease, a causal relationship is traced. If we take the cause as the basis for the classification of arthritis, we get the following picture of diseases:
- exchange nature;
- infectious-allergic, they are reactive, nonspecific.
All types of arthritis, regardless of the etiology and location of the lesion, are united by one thing – inflammation, manifested by pain, fever, redness, swelling and impaired joint function.
The final result of a complex of therapeutic measures is always the restoration of the function of a sore leg. Foot arthritis treatment includes:
- the elimination of the inflammatory process (general or local);
- a change in the immunological reactivity of the body;
- restoration of the function of the joints of the foot;
- treatment of the underlying disease (if it is the cause of arthritis).
Given the severity of the disease, treatment can be inpatient or outpatient, but, in any case, lengthy. In the initial stage of the inflammatory process, an important role is played by the protective regime. The joint needs to provide complete peace for some time. General principles of further therapeutic measures are reduced to the appointment:
- pharmacological preparations;
- physiotherapy exercises as an important health factor;
- self-massage and massage;
- sanatorium treatment.
It is not forbidden to supplement medical procedures using safe folk remedies. But first you need to consult your doctor.
The inflammatory process is removed by one of the types of medicinal substances or their combination:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- hormones glucocorticosteroids.
An important place in the treatment of arthritis is taken by antibiotics – antimicrobials, whose action is directed against pathogens. Antibiotics are used for purulent joint inflammation. They are selected taking into account the results of bacteriological tests for sensitivity to the drug.
In non-specific (reactive) arthritis in adults, preference is given to tetracycline antibiotics with a wide spectrum of action. They are effective against many microorganisms.
Along with tetracycline and oletetrin, roletetracycline is of particular interest. The medicine is introduced into the body in different ways: through the mouth, intramuscularly, intravenously. Quickly creates a high concentration of the active substance, eliminates the symptoms of inflammation. Children with reactive arthritis are prescribed more sparing antibiotics from the macrolide group.
Nonsteroidal preparations are derivatives of salicylic, idolacetic, phenylacetic, propionic acids. Derivatives of sulfonamide and oxycamam also belong to the group of nonsteroids. All of them have a combined effect – anti-inflammatory, analgesic, decongestant. Widely used in the treatment of arthritis of the legs of various etiologies in hospitals and at home. Nonsteroidal drugs include:
- acetylsalicylic acid,
- Celoxoxib and dozens of other drugs.
Most drugs are available in various dosage forms: tablets, injections, suppositories, ointments, gels. Available on sale in the pharmacy network. But using drugs is unsystematically dangerous. Too many allergic reactions nowadays. When taking, side effects and contraindications should be taken into account. Only a doctor knows how to treat foot arthritis without harm to health.
The most typical and common representatives of the glucocorticoid group are hydrocortisone and prednisone (the latter is 4-5 times more active). They are widely used in pathological processes characterized by increased body reactivity. These are diseases of the connective tissue (collagenosis), including rheumatoid, infectious, gouty arthritis of the foot. For joint infections, corticosteroids are used simultaneously with antibiotics.
With the localization of inflammation in several joints, intra-articular injections are made. The drugs are active when applied topically, penetrate well through the skin. Therefore, hormonal ointments are used to treat foot arthritis. The healing time of hormones is short. It remains until they are in the body. In chronic diseases, premature unauthorized withdrawal of the drug can cause an undesirable exacerbation.
With prolonged use of corticosteroids, a number of signs of side effects occur:
- excessive and uneven deposition of fat in the subcutaneous tissue;
- hyperglycemia – increased blood sugar;
- glucosuria – the presence of glucose in the urine;
- menstrual irregularities in women;
- excessive growth of hair on the face, trunk;
- the rate of wound healing decreases.
It is undesirable both prolonged use of drugs, and their abrupt cancellation. A “withdrawal syndrome” may develop, it is dangerous to exacerbate the disease, the development of symptoms of acute renal failure.
To activate the treatment process, it is necessary to use a number of other necessary drugs that contribute to eliminating the causes of foot arthritis:
- B vitamins, ascorbic, folic acid, rutin;
- immunomodulators – polyoxidonium, aquitin, lycopid;
- chondroprotectors – preparations based on chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine. They act on the formation, preservation of cartilage and its components – intraarticular fluid, hyaluronic acid, collagen.
Good results are given by physiotherapy – electrophoresis, thermal procedures, dynamic currents. Beyond exacerbation, gentle foot massage helps. Joints are developed gradually using an exercise therapy complex. In sanatoria, the results of treatment of the joints of the feet are fixed, the risk of relapse is reduced, the period of remission in chronic diseases is prolonged.
Folk recipes are another opportunity to alleviate the condition of the patient. Warm baths for feet are useful with decoctions of plants of anti-inflammatory action – birch leaves, pharmacy chamomile grass, St. John’s wort, sage.
The following remedy acts on the cause of the disease. Salts of uric acid with gout are excreted by the use of kidney tea (available in pharmacies) with milk. 2 tablespoons of tea (orthosiphon) are poured into a glass of boiling milk. The container is covered with a lid, infused for 40 minutes, filtered. It is taken three times a day for 3 tbsp. tablespoons half an hour before eating for a week. Then follows a break of 1 month.
Oat broth is the best remedy for weakened immunity. At night, a liter of boiling water is poured into a thermos, 8 tbsp is poured. tablespoons washed oats. In the morning, the broth is ready. After straining, it is used for half a glass 3-4 times a day.
The bones of the foot, not counting the toes, are formed by 12 bones of the tarsus and metatarsus. With gout, psoriasis, arthroso-arthritis, mainly the small joints of the toes are affected. Against the background of other arthritis, the listed diseases are distinguished by special symptoms, course and treatment methods.
Gout, developing as mono-and polyarthritis of the joints of the feet, is associated with impaired purine metabolism. In addition to non-steroidal drugs, medications are shown that remove uric acid from the body and reduce its synthesis – allopurinol, milurate. With exacerbation, starvation, alkaline drinking, and a strict diet are recommended.
Arthroso-arthritis in one disease combines two types of pathologies:
- degenerative dystrophic osteoarthrosis;
- inflammatory arthritis.
With arthrosis-arthritis of the foot, cartilage is destroyed with the formation of bone growths, which cause reactive inflammation of the periarticular tissues. In the interphalangeal joints of the toes of the foot, painful Heberden nodules appear, with time the fingers are deformed.
Arthropatic psoriasis affects the skin, small joints of the foot, nails. In the progressive stage, along with non-steroid drugs, hormonal tablets, ointments, (flucinar, fluorocort), sedatives, a complex of vitamins, diuretics are prescribed. Calcium diet, photochemotherapy helps.
Arthritis of the foot brings the patient not only physical, but also moral suffering. Disability is lost, the habitual way of life is broken. A person can not always affect the course of the disease. But sometimes he can reduce the risk of disease. It is enough not to supercool the legs, reduce the load on the joints by reducing weight, ignoring high heels.
Arthritis of the lower extremities
The inflammatory process in the joints of the lower extremities is called arthritis of the legs. Such a disease can cause severe discomfort. A joint affected by inflammation swells, itches, blushes, and can be very painful. Sometimes the motor activity of the joint decreases. Drug treatment is necessary to prevent complications and even disability.
Causes and types of ailment
Arthritis of the lower extremities can develop against the background of some abnormalities in the human body. Classify the following main types of arthritis of the joints:
- Infectious, developing due to the entry of bacteria and viruses into the joint area.
- Reactive. Occurs after the transfer of infectious diseases.
- Rheumato >The disease occurs against a background of mechanical damage to the joint.
There are many factors provoking inflammation of the joints of the legs, and they are all different. Among the main distinguish:
- surgical interventions;
- heavy exercise;
- infectious diseases;
- problems with the immune system in humans.
And also there is a genetic predisposition to the disease. Often there is a development of the disease in women after the onset of menopause. This is due to endocrine changes in the body. Excessive consumption of foods that increase the excretion of uric acid can also lead to the development of gouty disease.
Symptoms of Leg Arthritis Disease
Arthritis on the legs can occur in a chronic or acute form. Inflammation extends to neighboring tissues, but the main focus is on the cartilage segments of the joint. Symptoms of the lesion appear immediately after the onset of the disease. At the site of localization of the inflammatory process, one can observe swelling, redness of the skin and a local increase in temperature. Symptoms that should alert you first:
- acute joint pain;
- limitation of mobility;
- deformation or thickening of the joint.
Diagnostic Methods for Detecting Arthritis
To establish the correct diagnosis, it is necessary to analyze all the symptoms, collect an anamnesis, make a visual and tactile examination. This should be done by a qualified person. A comprehensive examination includes a biochemical blood test and urinalysis. Often, to identify a disease such as arthritis, you need to take a synovial fluid sample. This analysis will show the amount of protein and changes in electrolyte composition. And also, the study will help determine the causative agent of the infection, which provokes the inflammatory process.
An X-ray machine is used to confirm the diagnosis. The picture clearly shows the characteristic changes in the joint with arthritic disease.
Joint disease treatment
For effective therapy, several methods are used. Arthritis should be treated with internal and external effects. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will help reduce pain and swelling of tissues. They will remove the inflammatory process in the joint. Often during the disease, cartilage tissue is destroyed and chondroprotectors are used to restore it. To cure arthritis of an infectious nature, antibiotic drugs are used. Externally, the disease can be affected by ointments or gels. Such drugs act directly on the focus of inflammation and relieve unpleasant symptoms.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
I have been treating joints for many years. I can say with confidence that the joints are always treatable, even in the very ripe old age.
Hondrostrong is an innovative drug that is created to combat joint diseases. It helps with arthritis, arthrosis and other diseases. Thanks to the use of cream, joint mobility quickly returns. Damaged cartilage tissue is regenerated, which prevents the further development of the problem.
Our medical center was the first to receive certified access to the latest drug for osteochondrosis and joint pain - Hondrostrong. I confess to you when I heard about it for the first time, I just laughed, because I did not believe in its high efficiency.
But I was amazed when we completed testing: 4567 people were completely cured of diseases of the organs of the musculoskeletal system, and this is more than 94% of all subjects. 5.6% felt significant improvement, and only 0.4% did not notice any improvement.
Hondrostrong cream allows you to forget about back and joint pain in the shortest possible time, literally from 4 days, and even very difficult cases can be cured within a couple of months. In addition, the manufacturer of this product is now offering a 50% discount of the full cost of .
Arthritis of the lower extremities is treated with drugs such as:
- “Diclofenac” – tablets that have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.
- “Methotrexate” – capsules of the antimetabolite group. Relieve puffiness.
- “Actovegin” – injections, activate metabolism, promote tissue repair.
- “Voltaren Emulgel.” It has anti-inflammatory effect.
- “Artrex” is an ointment that exhibits an analgesic effect.
- Penicillin is an antibiotic with a wide spectrum of bacteriostatic and bactericidal action.
- “Azithromycin.” Sensitive to gram-positive cocci. Used in the reactive form of the disease.
To alleviate the symptoms and effectively treat the disease, it is recommended that certain nutritional rules be followed. For example, it is necessary to reduce the level of consumption of flour and starch-containing products. Be sure to diversify the diet with raw vegetables and fruits, especially apples, plums, sorrel and asparagus. In chronic arthritis of the joints of the legs, it is recommended to do a fasting week, that is, to eat vegetables for 7 days. To remove salt deposits, you can resort to a rice diet. To begin with, rice is soaked in water for 1 day. Then the cereals need to be boiled and consumed throughout the day. In addition to rice, you need to drink a rosehip broth.
In rare cases, resort to surgical methods of treatment. But sometimes arthritis can deform parts of the joint, and surgery is necessary to restore full motor activity. When drug therapy can not cope with the disease, surgical interventions are also used. The modern technique of operations does not cause a strong traumatic effect on the human body.
To improve the condition with arthritis of the legs, methods of alternative therapy will help. Examples of effective recipes:
- Birch buds need to be poured with boiling water and boil for several minutes. This broth is infused for 1 hour. Consume 250 grams 2 times a day before meals.
- Scale the horsetail (about 50 grams) with boiling water and leave for 45 minutes. Take 1 glass per day.
- Raw potatoes need to be grated and filled with kefir. Drink 10 days daily, then every other day.
- Peel 4 heads of garlic, peel and pour 0,5 l of vodka. Insist the remedy for 10 days and then take 5 grams 3 times a day half an hour before meals.
How to warn?
Preventive measures are always very important. To prevent arthritis, you need to lead an active and healthy lifestyle. Be sure to monitor your weight and give up bad habits. An effective method in the fight against arthritis is hardening of the body, especially the lower extremities. And also you need to pay attention to the composition of the food. It should be dominated by foods rich in vitamins and calcium. Preventive measures include mud baths, massage and therapeutic exercises of the legs.
How to treat foot arthritis?
Begin treatment immediately, do not wait for serious consequences
Arthritis is an inflammatory disease that affects the joints and affects the whole body. The joints, tarsus, metatarsus and, of course, the fingers are most affected. Over time, the joints are more and more destroyed, causing severe pain and making it impossible to move normally. It was previously believed that such a disease is characteristic only of the elderly, but in recent years the disease affects more and more young people and can begin to develop after thirty-five years, and in both sexes. If the treatment of arthritis of the foot is not started in time, the patient as a result will not even be able to move on his own and will greatly depend on those around him.
The sooner a person begins to treat sick feet, the better the result of therapy. After examination and passing the necessary examinations, passing tests to the patient, an individual treatment plan will be drawn up, pursuing the following goals:
- Reduction of pain.
- Cartilage tissue repair.
- Bringing mobility back and restoring lost motor functions.
Only a doctor can decide how to treat foot arthritis, and any self-medication is unacceptable. To relieve pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. They reduce inflammation, reduce pain, relieve swelling, significantly improve the general condition of the patient. You need to take them in strict accordance with what the doctor will say, as these are potent drugs with a long list of adverse side effects. If arthritis of the joints of the foot is caused by an infection of a bacterial nature, then the patient is prescribed a course of the most suitable antibiotics. To stop the destruction and start the restoration of cartilage tissue, preparations from a number of chondroprotectors are intended. They are prescribed in the recovery period of therapy, when it is possible to reduce inflammation and pain. If a lot of fluid has accumulated in the joints, pus is present, it will not be possible to do without a puncture of the affected joints. In sterile conditions, the doctor performs a puncture, cleans the joint of the bones from fluid and pus, and then injects antibiotics into the joint cavity, coupled with steroid hormones. Such a radical measure, as a rule, helps to significantly improve the condition of the joints and accelerate recovery. However, it is hardly possible to cure this disease with medication alone. That is why therapy always includes a number of different measures that affect the joints and help a person recover faster and prevent the return of the disease.
Physiotherapy has long established itself as a successful adjunct to drug treatment. It helps to reduce pain, prolong the remission of the disease, and usually includes electrophoresis, exposure to ultrasound, phonophoresis, the usual UHF. Special baths (with hydrogen sulfide, mud, iodine and bromine, radon baths) bring very good results. With various types of arthritis, the doctor prescribes physiotherapeutic sessions with various medicinal additives, which can enhance the effect of treatment:
- If a person suffers from gouty arthritis, he is shown electrophoresis using novocaine. Sodium salicylate or traditional acetylsalicylic acid also works well.
- In the presence of degenerative changes in the joints of the bones, the addition of standard electrophoresis by lidase, hyaluronidase or ronidase is indicated.
- In cases where arthritis developed after an injury, it is useful to conduct UHF therapy immediately after contacting a doctor. If a lot of time has passed since the injury to the joint, this measure will not give the desired effect.
To reduce edema, magnetotherapy is used. Well-established treatment with paraffin in the form of bathtubs (they need to lower the joints affected by the disease) or special small applications. The convenience of these procedures is that for the sake of them you do not need to go to the physiotherapy room: paraffin can also be heated at home, of course, before consulting a doctor. Heated paraffin alleviates pain, relieves swelling, and allows joints to move better and more freely.
Movement and exercise therapy
If the patient has arthritis very violently, active movements are contraindicated. In especially severe cases, the feet can even be immobilized with a plaster cast or a special brace. When the condition of the joints of the bones improves, the patient is allowed to walk using correctly selected crutches, then move on to the cane. Of course, you will have to wear specialized shoes with orthopedic inserts for a long time, which facilitates movement and protects the feet. Such shoes are quite loose, especially in the area of the fingers, equipped with a convex or simply rigid sole, arch support, lining. When the patient’s condition improves markedly, he is sent to therapeutic exercises. Such a load is necessarily present in the treatment plan, because without movements it is impossible to strengthen the muscles and ligaments, develop joints of bones, improve blood circulation, restore normal mobility and prevent the return of the disease. First, the load should be minimal, all exercises are performed only in a supine position. All exercises are selected only by the doctor, based on the individual characteristics and course of the disease of each patient, however, there are universal movements:
- The patient lies on his back, stretches his arms and legs. Then, in turn or together, raises his legs and tries to stretch his fingers as much as possible, and then, without relaxing, lower his legs. Only then can you relax.
- Roll over on your side. Gently take your straight leg forward and then back.
Later, the patient is allowed to increase the complexity of the movements. The following exercises can be added to the classes:
- Sitting on a chair so that your legs hang in the air, try to reach with your socks to the floor.
- In any position, bend and then slowly extend your fingers.
All exercises are performed carefully, at a calm, slow pace. Repeating each movement is enough 5-7 times, stopping when discomfort or pain occurs. When a person is again able to walk freely, he needs to practice more often when walking riffles from toe to heel and in the opposite direction. This helps strengthen the feet while protecting them. It is better to start classes under medical supervision, so that the specialist shows how all the exercises are performed correctly. This is the only way to protect yourself from increased inflammation.
It happens that none of the above methods worked, and the condition of the joints does not get better. The inflammation is so strong that the tissues of the joint change significantly, ankylosis begins (the articular surfaces simply grow together, and the joints of the bones no longer move at all). Then there is no other choice but to resort to surgery – endoprosthetics. However, implantation of an artificial joint does not negate a long recovery course and the need to take prescribed medications and do therapeutic exercises.
If you find an error, please select a piece of text and press Ctrl + Enter.
Foot arthritis treatment, symptoms and detailed photos
The development of foot arthritis occurs when there is a change in the synovial fluid (the elastic mass that fills the joint cavity and protects the joint from damage), as well as with the development of inflammation in it.
In the event that inflammation is introduced into one of the joints of the foot (subtalar, talus-calcaneo-navicular, calcaneo-cuboid or wedge-navicular), the volume of synovial fluid significantly increases in the articular joint. She begins to squeeze the synovial membrane, and she, in turn, due to the presence of a large number of nerve endings, begins to respond almost instantly with an inflammatory reaction.
The reasons are divided into primary, which arose due to direct damage to the joint, and secondary – from complications of concomitant somatic diseases. The primary causes of foot arthritis include:
- anatomical deformities of the foot, an example is a disease such as flat feet;
- a weakened immune system;
- hard physical work;
The last four reasons are not only the drivers of arthritis. But also factors aggravating its course, contributing to the development of complications. Secondary causes of foot arthritis:
- Infections They can be either specific (tuberculosis, syphilis, gonorrhea), in which damage to the joints is characteristic by microorganisms, or non-specific (streptococcus, pneumococcus), purulent arthritis occurs.
- Rheumatoid arthritis. This type is due to the autoimmune nature. Such a disease is very difficult to treat, as it tends to recur. The struggle of the body with its own cartilage tissue can be triggered by the presence of flat-valgus feet in the patient, excessive alcohol consumption, and excess nicotine.
- Psoriasis lesions. One of the stages of the manifestation of this chronic disease is psoriatic arthritis, the joints of the hands and small joints of the foot are affected.
- Gouty arthritis can cause metabolic disorders, due to which an excess of uric acid salts settles in the joint cavity of the big toe. The disease is characterized by suddenness and acute bouts of pain that block movement and paralyze the usual way of life of the affected person.
Many factors can be avoided by properly treating your health and leading a healthy lifestyle. By promptly contacting a doctor, the development of the disease can be avoided.
Symptoms of foot arthritis
As a rule, patients go to the clinic after the onset of stage 2 arthritis, when the disease begins to affect the quality of life. In this case, the symptoms of foot arthritis can be divided into two main groups specific and nonspecific (see photo).
Specific signs characteristic exclusively of such a disease as arthritis of the joints of the foot:
- stiffness of movements in the morning;
- inflammation is one of the signs of foot arthritis
- severe pain in the foot;
- valgus changes in the feet;
- multiple lesions (with the infectious nature of the disease);
- rash and hyperemia.
Non-specific symptoms are characteristic of a number of heterogeneous conditions, including arthritis:
- impaired joint function;
- a specific, crisp sound when moving;
- sharp pain;
- swelling and redness;
- general intoxication: weakness, chills, fever, lack of appetite.
What does arthritis of the foot look like: photo
The photo below shows how the disease manifests itself in adults.
Diagnosis of arthritis in most cases is not difficult – the characteristic external signs are striking, and the patient’s complaints do not raise any doubts about this.
It is much more difficult to identify the cause of arthritis of the foot and the degree of motor disorders. The severity of inflammation can be indirectly judged by the number and change in white blood cells in a conventional general blood test. In this regard, rheumatic tests and a blood test for C-reactive protein are more informative.
Specific functional tests indicate the severity of motor disorders. Among instrumental methods, computed and magnetic resonance imaging are used. However, radiography of the foot in 3 projections is still effective. Diagnosis of internal organs (heart, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys) is required.
How to treat foot arthritis?
For each type of foot arthritis, specific treatment regimens are used to combat inflammation catalysts. However, there is a standard course of treatment for this disease, including:
- Non-steroid drugs. Ankle joint is subject to constant increased load. Therefore, the inflammatory process immediately affects the patient’s mobility: the leg swells and the slightest movement can cause a severe attack of pain.
- Antibiotics. Acute arthritis begins suddenly, usually with a sharp increase in body temperature. The patient throws into chills, severe fatigue appears, and pain is also observed. It is almost impossible to relieve pain using improvised means. In the acute form, pathology is best amenable to therapy. To begin with, a course of antibiotics is prescribed.
- Heel arthritis is especially painful. With arthritis in the heel, shooting pains are observed that can give out throughout the leg. Arthritis of the heel may appear as a consequence of flat feet. To relieve swelling and swelling, NSAIDs are prescribed. The course of therapy is from 7 to 10 days.
- If after the end of the course the patient is painfully stepping on his leg, corticosteroids are additionally used. Relief occurs after 2-3 injections.
- Specific drugs. Treatment of post-traumatic arthritis of the ankle joint may require a course of medication to restore damaged muscles and tendons.
- Gout requires the use of drugs that promote the withdrawal of uric acid.
- Ointments for rheumatoid arthritis have a local anesthetic effect. Ointments gently warm tissues and help reduce swelling. Use the ointment carefully. Ointment only relieves symptoms, but does not eliminate the cause of inflammation.
- Rheumatoid arthritis of the upper foot and small joints requires the use of drugs that block the functioning of the immune system.
- Chondroprotectors are used as restorative therapy. Chondroprotectors at the initial stage of the development of the disease are especially effective.
With pronounced symptoms, drug blockade may be required. The blockade brings relief from pain after the first injection, provided that the therapist conducting the administration is highly qualified.
In the acute phase of the disease, the application of a gypsum tire is possible. Auxiliary methods of treating the disease are:
- physiotherapeutic procedures;
- special gymnastics;
- mud treatment;
- amplipulse therapy;
- hirudotherapy is used in case of metabolic disorders.
- wearing special shoes also gives positive results.
In the advanced stage of arthritis, surgery may be necessary: arthroplasty or joint replacement. With significant deformation of the thumb, resection is desirable.
In the acute period of the disease, it is necessary to minimize the load on the damaged joint, and apply a fixing bandage to avoid an increase in the inflamed area.
Treatment of foot joint disease is impossible without a set of physical exercises. This item is a prerequisite in any therapeutic regimen of arthritis. For the treatment of joints of the feet, the complex is selected individually.
However, there are several universal exercises that can be performed by everyone without exception:
- It is performed lying on the back with outstretched arms and legs. Then you need to raise your legs and try to stretch your toes as much as possible on weight. After that, lower the legs back, and only after that stop stretching them.
- Sit on a hill, for example, on a table. Lower your legs down and stretch your socks, trying to reach them to the floor.
- Flex and extend your toes.
- Lie on the floor, but on one side. Take the extended leg to the side and return it back.
You need to start exercising during the period of remission of the disease so as not to provoke an increase in inflammation. The first time it is best to train under medical supervision, so that the doctor makes sure that the patient performs all the exercises correctly.
There are a lot of recipes of traditional medicine for the treatment of foot arthritis, but any of them can only be considered as a useful addition to the main therapy prescribed by the doctor.
- Approximately 100 ml of the juice of one lemon is mixed with 50 ml of hot water, moistened with multilayer gauze and applied to the joint overnight, fixing the compress with cling film and putting on a wool sock;
- Mix ground fractions of radish, turnip and horseradish leaves and rub the resulting area with the mixture. Repeat the procedure for 7 days.
- On a joint warmed up in a warm bath, apply a mixture of warm sea salt with a few drops of fir essential oil, wrap the foot with gauze, a film and also insulate with a toe.
- Measure out 100 g of finely chopped sabretnik, fill with 1 liter of vodka and leave to infuse for two weeks. Take the resulting mixture one tablespoon, be sure to dilute with a small amount of water. In addition, you can apply a liquid in the form of a compress to the joints damaged by arthritis. After the tincture is over, take a break of 30 days before the next course.
- Cabbage compress. Cut the washed cabbage leaf to isolate the juice, wrap the painful, inflamed area, and bandage it. Change the cabbage in an hour (or earlier), when the juice is absorbed, the leaf will become dry, warm. Harmless, proven remedy.
The prognosis depends on the degree of neglect of the disease, as well as the correctness of the chosen course of therapy. If it was possible to start treatment in a timely manner, then the prognosis is generally favorable. If the joints are severely inflamed and serious foot deformity has developed, then the treatment will be very painful, it may not lead to the desired effect – there is a risk of lameness, impaired gait and even disability.