How to treat ankle arthrosis at home

Ointments made on the basis of natural products and herbs help reduce inflammation and relieve pain in arthrosis.

Comfrey leaf ointment can be prepared at home. Mix the crushed leaves of the plant with the same volume of vegetable oil, boil the mixture for 30 minutes and cool. Use several times a day, lubricating the skin near the ankle joint.

Honey ointments have a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect and warm the joint well

Honey ointment is prepared on the basis of iodine, medical alcohol and glycerin. Take all four ingredients in equal proportions, mix and leave for three hours. Apply several times a day, easily massaging the skin. It is recommended each time to prepare a new portion of the ointment.

There is also another recipe for honey ointment: stir 3 g of mumiyo in a small amount of water until soft, and then add 80 g of honey. Apply the ointment immediately to the affected joint. Such a tool is suitable for the treatment of any type of arthrosis.

Birch ointment is prepared as follows: lay birch buds and butter in layers in a heat-resistant glassware. Close tightly and place in a preheated oven for 30 minutes. Next, remove, squeeze the mass and combine with camphor alcohol. Use for rubbing the ankle joint. After the procedure, cover your leg with a warm blanket and rest for 2-3 hours.

Compresses

Compresses on the ankle joint quickly relieve pain, bringing relief to the patient, restore mobility and reduce swelling of the foot.

Raw potatoes are used as the basis for the compress: it must be chopped into gruel on a grater or with a blender, and then applied to the sore spot, leaving for 20-30 minutes. Then rinse your leg with warm water.

Burdock leaves, as well as cabbage, are used for compresses in the treatment of arthrosis

Compress from burdock leaves perfectly relieves pain and warms a sore joint. To do this, washed leaves must be greased with natural honey, and then applied to the joint, fixing the compress with a clean bandage and wrapping a scarf. Leave it overnight, it is recommended to repeat the procedure until recovery.

Cabbage juice compresses reduce inflammation and swelling of the ankle joint. Any woolen “prickly” fabric is abundantly wetted with fresh juice, applied to the leg and fixed with a bandage. Over night, the pain will decrease, and in the morning there will be a noticeable improvement.

A night compress can also be made on the basis of ordinary chalk. It must be crushed into powder and mixed with kefir until a thick mass is obtained. Apply a thick layer of the base to the ankle joint and cover with cling film.

The use of infusions and alcohol tinctures

Garlic tincture for the treatment of arthrosis is prepared as follows: 1 part chopped garlic mixed with 10 parts of olive or any other vegetable oil. Insist for three days and take one teaspoon in the morning on an empty stomach.

Gelatin infusion is used to regenerate cartilage in case of ankle arthrosis. In the evening, pour a teaspoon of gelatin 100 ml of hot water. In the morning, add another 150 ml of water and a spoonful of honey. Mix everything thoroughly and drink at a time on an empty stomach.

Tincture of calendula, nettle and birch leaves helps with arthrosis

An infusion based on calendula is prepared with the addition of equal parts of birch leaves and nettles. Place the herbs in a thermos and pour boiling water over it. Close tightly and leave overnight. Take the next day in half a glass four times. Every day it is recommended to prepare a new infusion.

Radish-based alcohol tincture is used to rub the joint. Mix 250 ml of radish juice, 0,5 l of alcohol and a tablespoon of honey, pour into dark dishes and put in the refrigerator for 2 weeks. After use twice a day.

We treat home remedies

River sand is great for treating joint inflammation. It must be calcined in the oven and cool a little. Pour sand into the container, put your foot and sprinkle with sand so that it covers the ankle joint. Keep the sore joint in warm sand for 40-60 minutes. Repeat the procedure every day. Instead of sand, you can also use sea salt, which also retains heat for a long time.

The crushed eggshell will help stop the process of joint destruction. Every day you need to eat a pinch of powdered shell, you can add it to your usual food or mix in a glass of water and drink.

Juniper baths perfectly relieve pain and tension and restore leg mobility. To do this, add a juniper decoction or a few drops of essential oil to the warm bath.

Proper nutrition, which includes several principles, helps to stop the destruction of articular tissue with arthrosis.

  • balance;
  • small portions and the interval between meals (5-6 times a day after 2-2,5 hours);
  • large amounts of water;
  • easy digestion of food;
  • freshness.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Allowed Products

In the diet, it is absolutely necessary to include jelly without sugar and dyes, aspic from lean meat and aspic from fish based on gelatin. It is also worth giving preference to products containing the necessary vitamins and minerals:

  • calcium – dairy products, eggs, liver, nuts and artichokes;
  • B vitamins – bananas, avocados, barley, oats, fish, beef liver;
  • Manganese – beans, liver, heart, seaweed, cheese;
  • magnesium – buckwheat, spinach, avocado, sunflower seeds;
  • sulfur and zinc – seafood and broccoli;
  • phosphorus – soybean pods, salads and bran.

Forbidden food

It is necessary to limit or completely exclude:

  • spicy spices and spices;
  • fried foods;
  • fatty or jerky meats and fish;
  • strong black tea and coffee;
  • canned and salty foods.

Some time ago, it was believed that nightshade (including tomatoes), as well as sea salt, provoke the development of arthrosis. But the results of recent studies confirm that neither one nor the other does not affect the appearance or course of the disease.

Immediate treatment when the first symptoms of the disease appear, as well as proper nutrition with the use of recommended foods and dishes will help to stop the development and avoid severe complications of arthrosis of the ankle joint – destruction of cartilage tissue and limitation of leg mobility.

Ankle Arthrosis: Home Treatment

Osteoarthrosis is characterized by degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the human articular apparatus. This mainly applies to those joints that experience the greatest load in everyday life. These include just the joints of the lower extremities, in particular, the ankle, which carries body weight and is subject to increased wear with age.

The main issue that concerns patients with ankle arthrosis is treatment. Everyone wants to get rid of leg pain and have the opportunity to do the usual things. And the restriction of physical activity in osteoarthritis leads to a significant decrease in the quality of life.

What treatment is suitable for a particular patient, the doctor will say after an appropriate examination. You need to understand that the therapeutic program consists of methods that are applicable only in a medical institution, and those that can be used at home. The latter are of the greatest interest, because they are simple and affordable.

General recommendations

To reduce the severity of pathological processes in the ankle, each patient must pay attention to the general points that accompany treatment. They are quite simple, but require constancy and self-control. Such recommendations are primarily aimed at minimizing risk factors that exacerbate the course of the disease and relate to the lifestyle of patients.

Everyone knows that proper and healthy nutrition favorably affects the body. This is also true for arthrosis of the ankle joint. To maintain cartilage metabolism at an acceptable level, you need quality nutrients in sufficient quantities. And to reduce the risk of exacerbations, you have to adhere to certain restrictions. Therefore, dietary recommendations for arthrosis include the following:

  • Full and regular nutrition.
  • The inclusion of dairy products in the diet: cottage cheese, kefir, sour cream, cheeses.
  • The use of fresh vegetables, fruits, herbs.
  • Adding products containing collagen, gelatin and elastin: jellied meat, jellied dishes, hash, fruit jellies.
  • Exception of spicy, fried, salty dishes.
  • Refusal of the use of alcohol.

The principles of healthy eating should be applied daily. This will be a good basis for the fight against excess weight – an important factor in the occurrence of arthrosis. In this case, you will have to significantly limit the consumption of animal fats and carbohydrate foods.

The diet has not only a positive effect on the joints, but also has a healing effect.

Daily regime

When patients are at home, they must adhere to a specific daily routine. This disciplines and helps improve joint function. It is necessary to maintain a sufficient level of physical activity, which will be the prevention of physical inactivity and a factor stimulating the development of cartilage. Useful walking in the fresh air, morning exercises, swimming. It is recommended to quit smoking.

Orthopedic correction

When the pain in the ankle is disturbing, you need to reduce the load on the joint. This is a necessary moment for exacerbation of arthrosis, eliminating additional trauma to the cartilage. Patients are shown such activities:

  1. Walking with a cane.
  2. Wearing orthopedic shoes.
  3. The use of special orthoses (bandages).

What means are better to use, the orthopedic doctor will prompt. It is better not to make a choice on your own, as this can be not only ineffective, but even harmful to the joint.

Medical events

Therapy of arthrosis consists of a set of measures aimed at suppressing the processes of cartilage degeneration and restoring normal joint function. First, the doctor prescribes the necessary methods, monitors their correct implementation, and only then allows you to conduct something at home.

Medication Therapy

The drugs used for ankle arthrosis have a multidirectional effect: they anesthetize, eliminate inflammation, improve blood flow and normalize metabolic processes in the joint tissues. Therefore, they are designed to eliminate the acute symptoms of the disease, transferring it to the stage of remission. But in addition, medicines affect the mechanisms of the formation of degenerative disorders, due to which the destruction of cartilage is inhibited and its synthesis processes are activated.

Preparations are prescribed by a doctor with the appropriate qualifications. First, medicines are taken under his supervision to avoid adverse effects. Moreover, many medicines are used in injection form – this way a pronounced effect is achieved in a short time. But after inpatient treatment, the patient is transferred to the outpatient stage, when tablets are prescribed. These tools include:

Local drugs that are applied to the affected joint area are very popular with home treatment: ointment, gel, cream, Olfen patch (Diklak, Fastum, Dolobene). As a rule, they contain anti-inflammatory components and substances that locally irritate the skin and thereby enhance blood circulation. There are also remedies with homeopathic properties, for example, Goal T.

Taking medications at home is possible only on the recommendation of a doctor. It is forbidden to independently change the prescribed dosage or course of administration.

Physiotherapy

Of great importance in the treatment is gymnastics with arthrosis of the ankle joint. With the help of exercises, it is possible to strengthen the ligamentous-muscular apparatus, as well as expand the range of movements. But it is possible to engage in physiotherapy exercises when the acute signs of the disease are eliminated, and otherwise, the articular cartilage will be more damaged. For each person, the LFK doctor will offer an individual set of exercises that takes into account the stage of arthrosis and the characteristics of the body.

Gymnastics is performed daily, while sharp movements that can cause pain should be avoided. The load should increase gradually. Mostly used exercises for flexion, extension and rotation in the ankle joint. The movements are carried out with a minimum amplitude. Most often, physical education consists of the following exercises:

  • Lying on your back with bent knees, bend and unbend your legs in the ankle, resting your heels on the floor.
  • Sitting on a chair, imitate walking, rolling from heel to toe.
  • In the supine position with straight legs, pull the feet toward yourself and forward, perform rotation in the joint.
  • Flatten and maximize toes.

Such exercises should be carried out at least 20 times in an hour. The effect of therapeutic exercises will depend on the regularity and duration of classes.

First, physical exercises are carried out under the supervision of a doctor, and after acquiring skills, the patient can do them at home.

Massage

The complex of conservative therapy of ankle arthrosis includes massage. With the help of manual exposure to periarticular tissues, blood circulation is stimulated, which accelerates metabolic processes and helps to restore the affected areas. Patients can use self-massage techniques, which are not much different from classical techniques. Like the latter, they include elements of stroking, rubbing, kneading, pressure. It is necessary to massage not only the joint area, but also the adjacent parts of the limb – the foot and lower leg.

Folk remedies

Recently, popular methods of treating arthrosis are popular. They are based on the effect of the natural components that make up the products for local and general use. Most often you can hear the following recommendations:

It must be remembered that unconventional drugs can lead to allergic reactions and individual intolerance. Therefore, they can be used only after consulting a specialist.

You can treat ankle arthrosis at home. To do this, be patient, show persistence and self-discipline. If you follow all the recommendations of a doctor, then the effect will not take long.

How to treat ankle arthrosis at home?

The treatment of ankle arthrosis at home should be carried out only after consulting a healthcare provider. The specialist will prescribe the patient the required medications that can be taken at home, advise the correct set of exercises, taking into account the physical data of the person. Assign to the patient and massage, which should initially be performed by an experienced masseur. Then the doctor will tell the person how to do self-massage at home.

Indications for therapy

Home treatment of the ankle should be carried out in the following situations:

  • pain in the ankle;
  • powerful pain that occurs during physical activity;
  • articulation crunch;
  • fatigue of the lower extremities;
  • frequent dislocations and sprains of muscle tissue;
  • swelling of the feet;
  • an increase in the temperature of the skin over the affected joints;
  • gait change.

How is the treatment of ankle arthrosis at home?

Effective medicines

First of all, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to patients, which help relieve pain and inflammation. Most often resort to the help of “Diclofenac”, “Aspirin” “Ibuprofen.” It is important to take pharmaceuticals from this group for short courses, until the discomfort leaves the patient. It is impossible to completely cure ankle arthrosis, but with the help of NSAIDs you can relieve symptoms.

Nonsteroidal medications adversely affect the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and can cause gastritis or an ulcer.

No less effective medications for the treatment of arthrosis are chondroprotectors, which can stop the development of the disease. Thanks to medicines from this group, it is possible to accelerate the restoration of affected tissues. Unlike NSAIDs, chondroprotectors have a minimum of adverse reactions, but they should also be taken with accuracy and only after consulting a specialist. Therapy with these medicines takes a fairly long period of time. Patients note positive changes from their use no earlier than a month after the start of treatment. Most often, patients suffering from arthrosis are prescribed Arthru, Don, and Teraflex.

Exercise & Massage

Thanks to medical physical culture, it is possible to restore muscle tissue tone, improve blood circulation in the affected joints, and normalize the activity of movements. A set of exercises is selected by a specialist. Most often, doctors recommend performing Popov’s gymnastics in a sitting position:

  • The lower limbs are on the floor.
  • A person begins to alternately move his shoulders back and forth and gently rotate his waist.
  • The upper limbs are located on the knees and move freely up and down.
  • The patient gradually connects the ankle, raises and lowers the front of the foot.
  • Then he makes trembling movements with his knees, as if his legs were shaking.
  • Hands at this moment are on the hips or lowered.

After these manipulations, a person will need to take a horizontal position and also alternately rotate his shoulders. Then gradually include the lower limbs and feet, tearing the heels off the floor. Slowly, an increasing load will need to be transferred to the ankle. When performing exercises, the patient should not feel pain. If they occur, it is important to immediately stop the workout and inform your doctor.

The procedure will improve blood circulation.

As for massage procedures, it is recommended to combine them with gymnastics. Thanks to the massage, it is possible to warm the tissue reflecting the affected joints, to improve the microcirculation of blood in the affected tissues. At the initial stages of therapy, massage procedures should be performed exclusively by a specialist. The doctor explains to the patient the correct algorithm of movements, and a person can perform self-massage at home.

ethnoscience

If arthrosis has affected the ankle joint, healer recipes will come to the rescue, which will eliminate the pain syndrome and remove the inflammatory process. It is recommended to resort to the help of such folk remedies:

  • Herbs. It will take the root of elecampane and burdock, field horsetail. Plants in the same amount (1 tbsp.spoon) are poured with a liter of boiling water and sent to a warm place to insist for a day. After that, the liquid is filtered with gauze and consumed 200 ml daily until the unpleasant symptoms of arthrosis disappear.
  • Carrot. Squeeze juice from the vegetable, where low-fat cream is added. Drink the drink every day on an empty stomach before eating food.

Dietary food

The diet that the patient will need to follow is set by the doctor. Using a specially selected diet, it is possible to prevent the further development of the disease and reduce the risk of complications. Dietary nutrition allows you to stop pain, relieve swelling. In the menu, a person is allowed to include foods such as:

In addition, gelatin-based foods will be helpful in arthrosis of the ankle joint. Doctors recommend using jelly from lean meats, as well as jelly, which does not contain dyes, flavors or sugar. Patients will also need to pay attention to products that contain a large number of trace elements and vitamins necessary for the normal functioning of the entire musculoskeletal system. To refuse without fail is required from spices and spices, preservation, spicy and fried foods, marinades and pickles. It is forbidden to drink alcohol, strong tea and coffee.

How to treat ankle arthrosis at home?

Arthrosis is a disease in which the joint becomes inflamed and deformed. If treatment is not started in a timely manner, the disease can lead to partial or complete loss of mobility of the limbs. Complex therapy consists of medication, physiiatry, exercise therapy and traditional medicine. Treatment of ankle arthrosis at home will help prevent the rapid development of the disease.

Symptoms

Arthrosis develops from a small inflammatory process in the cartilage, and under favorable conditions extends to the entire joint. At the initial stage of the disease, when a person does not yet associate the symptoms of the disease, he practically does not feel discomfort, only after physical exertion. In a calm state, the leg does not hurt.

If we talk about the general signs of the disease, the following can be distinguished:

  • increased pain, especially during and after physical exertion;
  • the presence of clicks and crunch in the joint;
  • increased pain in the morning;
  • fatigue with the usual daily routine;
  • weakening of muscles located close to the joint;
  • the presence of dislocations due to the fact that muscles and tendons are weakened;
  • edema in the area of ​​localization of the disease;
  • stiffness of movements.

Treatment with folk remedies is effective at any stage of the development of the disease, it allows you to increase the volume of motion of the ankle, relieve swelling and pain, and extend the period of remission.

Advice! Orthopedic surgeons recommend wearing elastic and soft shoes, which allows you to move without stiffness and pain.

Home Treatment

If treated only with folk methods, then the disease can not be quickly eliminated. To achieve complete remission, combine alternative medicine with the usual medications, diet and gymnastics.

Before using homemade recipes, you need to find out which ones are effective for arthrosis:

  • decoctions and infusions of medicinal herbs and fruits;
  • salt massage;
  • baths using natural components (salt, alkali, ash);
  • ointments and creams based on herbs and plants;
  • compresses.

The main advantage of these methods of treatment is the effect on a particular joint, and not the body as a whole.

Tinctures

Herbal tinctures and decoctions improve the well-being of the patient, improve metabolism and help relieve inflammation.

  • Garlic tincture
    Grind one head of garlic until gruel and mix with olive oil, let it brew for three days. Take tincture on an empty stomach before meals 1 time per day.
  • Decoction of calendula, nettle and birch leaves
    Place the dried plant leaves in a thermos and pour boiling water over it. Take a solution of half a cup 3-4 times a day. The drink should be fresh.
  • Laurel leaf decoction
    Boil 10 g of dried leaves for 10 minutes. Take a decoction of one tsp. in a day. The course of treatment is 14-28 days.
  • Decoction of currant leaves, lingonberries and birch buds
    Pour boiling water over all the ingredients and boil for 10 minutes. Take a solution of 1 tbsp. l 3-4 times a day.

Important! Decoctions and tinctures can not get rid of the cause of arthrosis. However, it is possible to strengthen the immune system and get rid of pain.

Compresses

Compresses help get rid of stiffness, severe pain, have a warming effect.

  • Treatment dressing with burdock leaves
    Rinse the leaves of burdock under running water and dry on a paper towel. After that, put honey on them and attach to the problem area. Lock with an elastic bandage. Apply daily at night.
  • Compress with cabbage juice
    Soak clean gauze with cabbage juice and fasten with a bandage to the sore joint. Leave for 1-2 hours. Continue to put a compress until you get rid of the pain.
  • Lotion of potatoes
    Rub the raw potatoes on a grater and attach to the joint for 30-40 minutes, then rinse your leg. This recipe can be used every day.
  • Chalk Compress
    Grind the chalk and mix it with sour cream or kefir. Apply a thick layer on the ankle joint, fix it with cling film and an elastic bandage.
  • Egg Shell Dressing
    Grind the eggshell and mix it with kefir. Wrap the mixture in thin gauze, attach to a sore spot and secure with cling film. Compress can be left overnight.

Other traditional medicine methods

Warming up a sick joint will help to develop it and, for a while, get rid of acute pains.

  1. Sand and salt – are able to retain heat for a long time and have a warming effect. Place your feet in a deep basin daily and cover them with a hot mixture of sand and salt. This procedure can be performed daily.
  2. Baths with juniper branches – relieve stress, swelling and inflammation.
  3. Iodine treatment – has a positive effect on the joint, since this component, penetrating the body, kills pathogenic bacteria. Iodine is smeared with the joint 1 time per day, usually in the evening before bedtime.
  4. Baths with bran – will help prevent another relapse, anesthetize. 5 liters liqu >

If after an exacerbation the patient has come to a stable state, he needs to reduce the load on the joints. To do this, you can use a walking stick, spring insoles and do simple exercises (“scissors” or “bicycle”).

It should be noted that arthrosis can develop not only in people in adulthood, but also in younger patients. To exclude the occurrence of an ailment, do gymnastic exercises, eat foods rich in calcium, magnesium and vitamins.

Anatoly Kudravets

Anatoly Kudravets, Orthopedic Traumatologist. He works with severe cases, practices operative methods of treating connective tissues

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