Finger arthritis is a disease whose development is caused by an inflammatory process in small joints. As a rule, such changes are non-infectious in nature, since it is not individual joints that are affected, but whole groups. Basically, polyarthritis hides metabolic and immune and metabolic disorders in the patient’s body. And the doctor’s task is precisely to identify them. The defeat of several joints on the hands can indicate the following conditions:
The mechanical factor plays a rather insignificant role, since post-traumatic arthritis is most often limited to one or more joints of one arm. Reactive inflammation in the case of infectious diseases (brucellosis, yersiniosis, chlamydia, etc.) is also unlikely, since it affects large joints on the legs, and not the hands.
Determining the cause of polyarthritis will be the main step towards a correct diagnosis.
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- Polyarthritis of the fingers – be careful about yourself
- What is polyarthritis?
- Why does the disease develop?
- clinical picture
- Medication Therapy
- Folk therapy
- Treatment of polyarthritis with herbal decoctions
- Treatment of polyarthritis with compresses
- Treatment for polyarthritis ointments
- nutritional care
When polyarthritis of the fingers is suspected, certain symptoms cannot be overlooked. The inflammatory process, regardless of localization, has quite characteristic signs that make it possible to suspect a disease. If joints are affected, then above them are determined:
- Increased skin temperature.
But the main complaint that bothers patients is pain. It occurs when you move your fingers, do some work, or just at rest. Because of this, the active mobility of the fingers is limited at first, and eventually passive, but for a different reason, contractures develop. However, this does not always happen and not with every disease. Pathology, accompanied by polyarthritis of the hands, has its own characteristics, including general manifestations that must be considered when making a diagnosis.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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Damage to the joints of the hands is a characteristic feature of rheumatoid arthritis. This disease is caused not only by damage to the cartilage tissue, but also other connective tissue structures of the body. Most often, the following symptoms appear:
- Symmetry of the defeat of the hands.
- Morning stiffness for at least an hour.
- Deformation of the fingers in the form of a swan neck, buttonhole, walrus fin.
In addition to the articular syndrome, there may be an increase in lymph nodes, spleen, and an increase in body temperature. The heart, pleura, kidneys, and nervous system are often involved in the process. Rheumatoid nodules, dilated capillaries are visible on the skin.
Active rheumatoid arthritis has a very vivid clinical picture, which is difficult to confuse with other diseases.
Damage to the joints of the hands can also be observed with gout, which develops due to an increase in the level of uric acid in the body. However, polyarthritis is characteristic of the chronic course of the disease, in the acute period there will not be such changes. If to summarize the signs of pathology, then the most characteristic will be:
- Arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint on the foot.
- Urate nephrolithiasis (urolithiasis).
- Subcutaneous salt deposits (tofus).
There are cases when the disease is asymptomatic for a long time, confirmed only by the detection of an increased concentration of uric acid in the blood (hyperuricemia).
Osteoarthritis is traditionally considered a degenerative joint disease, but there is another name in the foreign literature – osteoarthritis.
- Thickening of small joints of the hand.
- Nodules of Heberden and Bouchard (respectively on the distal and proximal phalanges of the fingers).
- Curvature of the axis of the fingers.
- Flexion contractures, often subluxations.
Pain, as a rule, is minimal, but they can significantly increase with the development of synovitis. In this case, all other signs of local inflammation mentioned above will be present.
Osteoarthritis of the hand leads to a significant limitation of the mobility of the fingers, which creates serious difficulties not only in professional activities, but also in everyday life.
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Polyarthritis of the hands may appear in another disease, which is characterized by systemic damage to the connective tissue – lupus erythematosus. Like rheumatoid arthritis, it is of autoimmune origin. The disease is often found in young women and has fairly characteristic symptoms:
- A rash on the skin of the face like a butterfly.
- Arthritis of large and small joints.
- Kidney damage – “lupus nephritis”.
In addition, there are vascular changes in the form of “mesh leado”, a violation of the coagulation properties of blood (antiphospholipid syndrome), the appearance of pleurisy and endocarditis.
Identification of the causes of polyarthritis begins with a medical examination, and ends after an additional study. This is a prerequisite, since the criteria for the diagnosis of many diseases include various laboratory and instrumental indicators. To confirm the doctor’s suggestion, the following procedures can be prescribed:
- General blood and urine tests.
- Biochemical blood test (rheumatic tests, markers of inflammation, uric acid, calcium metabolism, etc.).
- X-ray of brushes.
- Magnetic resonance imaging.
After the study, a consultation with a rheumatologist is mandatory, and if necessary, an orthopedic traumatologist.
Diagnostic methods have high sensitivity and specificity, which leaves no doubt about the accuracy of the conclusion.
After establishing the only correct diagnosis, it is necessary to start considering the question of how to treat polyarthritis of the fingers. The main therapy should be aimed directly at the development of the disease itself, and not at its manifestations. For this, traditional means are used that have repeatedly proven their effectiveness. You can use folk remedies, taking into account certain features of their application.
It is difficult to imagine the treatment of polyarthritis of the fingers without medication. Using certain drugs, it is possible to normalize metabolic and metabolic processes in the body, stabilize the patient’s condition and reduce local manifestations of the disease, transferring chronic pathology to a state of prolonged remission. Given the origin of the disease, the use of such drugs can be recommended:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (Arthrosan, Dicloberl).
- Hormones (Metipred, Diprospan, Kenalog).
- Chondroprotectors (Teraflex, Arthra).
- Cytostatics (methotrexate).
- Monoclonal antibodies (MabThera, Remicade).
- Uricosuric (Magurlit, Purinol).
Local treatment is also indicated, when local forms of drugs can be used – ointment or gel (Dolobene, Deep Rilif, Chondra).
Prescribing drugs is the responsibility of the physician. Taking them yourself, you need to take responsibility for possible unwanted events.
The possibilities of physical methods of treatment, although they are inferior to medical methods, are also able to show good results with polyarthritis of the hands. They improve the flow of metabolic processes in tissues, normalize the biopotentials of cells, which is manifested in a decrease in inflammation, pain and swelling. In most cases, it is recommended to undergo such procedures:
The complex of physiotherapeutic methods of treatment well complements the effect obtained from taking medications.
As an auxiliary method of treating polyarthritis, you can use folk remedies. They consist of natural ingredients, which ensures a mild therapeutic effect and almost complete absence of side effects. Mostly they use recipes for various decoctions, tinctures or infusions, taken orally, make ointment, grind, compresses and lotions on the affected joints.
It should be remembered that even such seemingly harmless methods can be dangerous for the body, especially when an allergic reaction develops. Therefore, they should not be used without first consulting a doctor. And if all the precautions are followed, you can supplement the traditional treatment of arthritis with the following means:
- Cinquefoil tincture.
- Infusion of elderberry flowers.
- A decoction of nettle leaves, parsley root and soapwort grass.
- Tea made from rose hips and blackcurrant leaves.
- Compresses from burdock leaves.
- Grinding of radish juice, vodka, honey and salt.
- Ointment from crushed acorns, pork fat and ground pepper.
- Rubbing mustard or pumpkin oil into the joints.
Treatment of polyarthritis of hands with folk remedies should be carried out only as an addition to traditional therapy, and not instead of it.
The joints of the hand are affected by diseases of various nature. In order for the treatment to be effective, it is necessary to act directly on the cause of the pathology. And which of the medicines to take – injections, pills, ointment – and whether additional methods should be used, only the doctor will say.
Polyarthritis of the fingers – be careful about yourself
Finger polyarthritis is a serious inflammatory disease. Regardless of the cause of the occurrence, finger polyarthritis is difficult and can be treated for a long time; if the patient ignores the first symptoms of the disease, the prognosis is disappointing. Pain, limitation of mobility, deformation of the hand – symptoms that lead to loss of function.
What is polyarthritis?
Polyarthritis is a complicated form of arthritis, which is characterized by the development of the inflammatory process not in one joint, but in several. Most often, pathology occurs in adults who have reached 50 years of age.
The development of pathology occurs gradually:
- At the initial stage, inflammation of the synovial membrane occurs, which provokes joint swelling, the appearance of sharp pain in the hands, and an increase in local body temperature.
- The next stage is the compaction of the synovial membrane, hardening of the cartilage and curvature of the shape of the finger.
- After this, the destruction of the bones of the inflamed joint begins, as a result of which there is a strong and sharp pain that takes on a permanent character, the fingers are deformed and stop moving normally.
Why does the disease develop?
Finger polyarthritis is always caused by a specific cause. Among them, heredity, infection, stress, poisoning, hypothermia or overheating, hormonal failure, etc. are distinguished.
Among the provoking pathologies, ligamentitis, as well as tendovaginitis, can lead to the formation of polyarthritis. These diseases represent the development of the inflammatory process in the ligaments, joints, tendons, formed after a long overstrain or when the hands perform monotonous work.
The development of polyarthritis of the fingers also occurs due to age-related changes. Over time, the articular cartilage of a person begins to deform, collapse, which provokes the occurrence of deforming osteoarthrosis.
Doctors also called other causes of pathology:
- consequences of injury, bruising, or finger surgery;
- Ankylosing spondylitis or Reiter’s disease;
- arthritis reactive or psoriatic;
- tuberculosis and others
The development of finger polyarthritis in most cases occurs according to the classical scheme, which is characterized by the following symptoms:
- On the affected hand on the fingers stiffness is observed. This condition is especially active after a night’s sleep. Typically, the stiffness of the fingers lasts a certain time, and then disappears on its own.
- The formation of dense “nodules” on the phalanges, or rather, the beginning of the deformation of the appearance of the fingers.
- Swelling of the phalanges, their numbness, the appearance of weakness in the limbs.
Symptoms of polyarthritis can simultaneously manifest in both hands. The process of inflammation is characterized by the appearance of redness of the skin near the damaged joint, the formation of effusion in the periarticular cavities.
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When the first signs of the onset of the development of pathology appear, an urgent need to consult a doctor. Timely and proper treatment of the disease is the prevention of serious complications. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe the patient:
- pass a general as well as biochemical blood test;
- undergo immunological examinations;
- make an x-ray of the fingers.
Depending on the root cause of the pathology, the patient is prescribed the appropriate treatment. Drug therapy is primarily aimed at curing a provoking pathology.
How to treat pain with polyarthritis? To relieve pain and edema, the patient is prescribed the following medications:
- NSAIDs – Ortofen, Nise, Ketonal, Movalis.
- Glokosteroidny hormones – Dexamethasone, Prednisolone.
Drug treatment is necessarily carried out under the supervision of a doctor. It is important to remember that all of the listed medicines have many side effects.
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Important! We want to warn against the thoughtless use of drugs, this is fraught with complications. Polyarthritis is a serious pathology that requires constant medical supervision.
In addition to drug therapy, it is advisable to apply treatment with folk remedies. How to treat hand polyarthritis at home?
Treatment of polyarthritis with herbal decoctions
- Infusion of saber-eared bog. To prepare a healing infusion, you can use both the roots and leaves of the plant. 1 tbsp. l dry vegetable raw materials pour 1 tbsp. boiling water, heat in a steam bath for 10 minutes, then wrap with a towel and leave to brew for half an hour. Strain the prepared infusion, pour the cake obtained again with boiling water, strain again. It is necessary to achieve 200 ml. liqu />
- A decoction of bay leaves. 5 gr. Laurel leaves pour 300 ml. plain water, boil for about 5 minutes. Then pour the liquid into a thermos and leave to brew for 3-4 hours. Strain the prepared broth and drink in small portions during the day. It is strictly forbidden to drink a decoction at a time, as this may well lead to internal bleeding. In addition, laurel decoction is forbidden to take with cholecystitis, kidney disease and gallstone disease. In the recommended dosage and in the absence of side effects, the decoction helps to eliminate the inflammatory process, remove salts from the body and fights pathogenic bacteria.
Treatment of polyarthritis with compresses
- Honey compress. Prepare an ointment from vodka and honey in equal proportions, heat in a water bath. Moisten a small tissue in the prepared ointment and wrap it around the affected pathology finger. Leave the compress for several hours. Repeat several times during the day.
- Flax compress. Effective treatment at home with a compress made from flax seeds or leaves. The plant must be placed in a bag, which is applied to a sore finger and fixed with a soft thread. Leave for a few hours, but you can at night.
Treatment for polyarthritis ointments
- Mustard Ointment. Mix 100 gr. mustard powder, coarse salt and kerosene. Rub the prepared ointment into the sore joint.
A therapeutic diet is necessarily included in the complex of therapeutic measures for polyarthritis of the fingers. How to cure the disease with healthy products? The daily menu must include:
- sea fish;
- fresh or steamed vegetables;
- olive or linseed oil;
- lean white meat;
- dairy products.
It is important to exclude from the diet all “harmful” foods that do not have nutritional value, but lead to the appearance of excess weight and accumulation of fluid in the body.
Do not forget about preventive measures – since polyarthritis of the fingers often occurs as a complication of infectious diseases, always “treat” colds. If your relatives have or have ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, other joint diseases, periodically take a biochemical blood test for C – reactive protein and uric acid level.
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