Arthritis of the fingers is expressed in inflammation of the joints. Usually, the inflammatory process affects the carpal-phalangeal and interphalangeal joints. Often, arthritis of the fingers is the cause of infectious diseases and rheumatic disorders.
Inflammation of the joints of the fingers is a very unpleasant ailment that affects the social activity of a person and often leads to disability.
- Symptoms of arthritis of the fingers
- Causes of Arthritis
- Finger Stages of Arthritis
- Types of Finger Arthritis
- Diagnosis of arthritis of the fingers
- Finger Arthritis Treatment
- Medicinal methods for the treatment of finger arthritis
- Physiotherapy for arthritis of the fingers
- Finger arthritis treatment regimen
- Endoprosthetics of the joints of the fingers
- Diet for arthritis of the fingers
- Exercise for arthritis of the fingers
- Alcohol and arthritis of the fingers: is it possible?
Symptoms of arthritis of the fingers
Finger arthritis can be detected by the presence of the following symptoms:
The manifestation of pain in the fingers. Pain may be intermittent. At the initial stage of the development of the disease, pain often occurs in the morning. At first it is expressed in a faint tingling sensation. Patients call such pain pain and often do not attach special importance to this manifestation. Over time, the pain increases and begins to bother more often.
External manifestations of the disease occur. Redness can be seen on the knuckles, flaking occurs, and the skin becomes hot.
As a result of swelling on the joints, the fingers become thick.
When the weather changes, atmospheric pressure drops, there is a sensation of aches in the joints of the hands.
Causes of Arthritis
The causes of finger arthritis are due to the following factors:
- Age-related changes. Joint wear occurs with age. This is due to the fact that the process of supplying beneficial substances to the joints slows down, which slows down the natural processes of cell renewal – the result is arthritis. Often, female representatives experience arthritis of the phalanx of the fingers in connection with a change in the hormonal background during menopause.
- Various hand injuries. Acquired injuries tend to heal, but they lead to manifestations of arthritis. It all depends on the type of injury and the degree of cure.
- Professional activities have a significant impact on the joints of the hands. If the activity is associated with small manual labor, as a result of which the hands are constantly straining, then arthritis becomes an unpleasant consequence.
- Hereditary arthritis diseases.
- Incorrect therapy for diseases such as tonsillitis. Arthritis often develops due to hypothermia of the body.
- Constant stressful situations, depression.
Finger Stages of Arthritis
The development of finger arthritis is a rather unpleasant disease, which does not occur instantly, like SARS, but has several stages. It is customary to distinguish four stages of arthritis:
- First stage. At the very initial stage, there are no signs of the disease. Perhaps a slight appearance of pain in the morning. If the patient focuses on the manifestation of these pains and consults a doctor, he will be able to stop the development. If at the first stage they d />
Types of Finger Arthritis
Arthritis is a very insidious disease. In modern medicine, up to 10 varieties of the disease are distinguished. Most hands are exposed to the following types of arthritis:
- Infectious – this type of disease occurs if the infection enters the joint;
- With the accumulation of salts around the joint, gouty arthritis occurs;
- Rheumatoid arthritis initially affects the hands, and then goes to larger joints;
- If bone tissue is damaged, post-traumatic arthritis can occur. The process of inflammation with this type of arthritis begins to develop a little later;
- By type of localization, arthritis of the fingers can be proximal, middle or distal;
- Rhizarthritis, which is expressed in the defeat of the thumb, is a common occurrence;
- Secondary arthritis is the body’s response to allergies, a malfunction of the immune system.
Diagnosis of arthritis of the fingers
Early diagnosis of arthritis will help the patient get rid of the disease. Recovery is possible in case of early seeking medical help, as well as careful observance of all recommendations.
Finger Arthritis Treatment
The treatment of arthritis of the joints of the hands is a complex and lengthy process. The patient should make a list of the rules that must be observed in order to recover:
- All treatment methods should be agreed with your doctor. The main thing is to completely abandon all possible methods of self-medication;
- Need to reduce the burden on the hands. During an exacerbation of the disease, it is recommended to leave for sick leave, and to postpone worries around the house;
- During periods of remission, the patient is recommended to perform special exercises;
- It is not recommended to lift weights and make sudden movements with your hands;
- Need a good rest. Night rest should be at least 8 hours;
- If arthritis reduces the quality of life, then you can buy special devices that will help the patient;
- It is important to follow a specially designed diet and drink the right amount of water.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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Medicinal methods for the treatment of finger arthritis
In the treatment of arthritis of the hands can not do without special medications. The modern pharmaceutical industry provides a fairly wide range. The selection of drugs will be carried out by the doctor:
- In the active phase of exacerbation, you can not do without such drugs as Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Ketonal, Arthrosilen. These drugs can reduce swelling and inflammation, which ultimately relieves pain.
- To restore the hyaline cartilage of the finger joints, a long-term intake of funds based on chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine is necessary.
- To prov >
Physiotherapy for arthritis of the fingers
Electrophoresis and ultrasound treatment are quite popular. Massage and quartzing also have a positive effect on joint repair. Cartilage tissue begins to recover under the influence of current and ultrasonic radiation. This is achieved by the positive effect of the current, which has a different frequency.
When prescribing physiotherapy, it is important to consider the presence of skin implants and various skin diseases in humans. Electrophoresis is contraindicated in case of fever.
For some patients there are contraindications in the treatment of arthritis of the hands with ultrasound. Despite its effectiveness, ultrasound has some limitations. It should be used when the acute stage of the disease is already behind, since ultrasound reduces vascular permeability. In addition, ultrasound is contraindicated in coronary artery disease, menopause, hypertension, and vegetovascular dystonia.
Undoubtedly, physiotherapy is effective in treating inflammation of the joints of the hands. Subject to precautions, physiotherapy relieves pain, and helps relieve inflammation. However, drug therapy is still considered the basis for the treatment of arthritis, and physiotherapy is considered an auxiliary option.
Finger arthritis treatment regimen
The treatment of arthritis depends on the stage of the disease. Depending on the stage, medications are prescribed. At the very initial stage, ointments and gels can help with pain.
However, if the case is neglected, which is very common, then complex therapy is required to eliminate arthritis and restore the joint, as well as to relieve pain during the treatment period. The pain will occur at first constantly, which significantly affects the quality of life of the patient.
Infectious arthritis is treated with antibiotics. For a quick result, it is better to use injection solutions or capsules, in tablet form. It is important to work on the restoration of immunity and do complex immunotherapy. On the recommendation of a doctor, you can do plasmapheresis (blood purification), carry out laser irradiation of blood.
With arthritis of the fingers, the inflammatory process must be removed. You can use Aspirin or Nurofen. Hormonal injections directly into the joint affected by arthritis bring quick relief. But such a procedure should be carried out only under the supervision of a treating doctor.
Articular cartilage should be returned to normal using chondoprotectors (Chondroitin sulfate, Teraflex, Rumalon, Glucosamine).
With arthritis of the fingers, ointments are often prescribed: Nimesul />
Endoprosthetics of the joints of the fingers
In the treatment of joint diseases, endoprosthetics is very often used now. This treatment method is prescribed when other methods have not given any effect. The main goal of prosthetics is to restore the mobile functions of the joints. In fact, the phalanges of the fingers are removed and prostheses are placed.
With the help of endoprosthetics, the patient gets the opportunity to use his own hands, as before, without limiting himself to anything. Mobile functions are fully restored.
Like drug therapy, endoprosthetics have a number of contraindications, which should be taken into account:
- Skin infections;
- Neurological abnormalities;
- Sinusitis, caries, otitis media, tonsillitis.
Artificial joints are made of high-quality, durable materials that will last a long time. Undoubtedly, this method of treating finger arthritis is effective, but it also has a rather significant drawback: joint replacement surgery is quite expensive, so few can resort to it.
Most people who have undergone arthritis have to be treated for years to live a full life.
Diet for arthritis of the fingers
When determining the list of drugs that will be treated, doctors also develop a special diet, which, if possible, should be followed. The diet must include fresh vegetables and fruits, such as apples, oranges, peaches, carrots and beets. The vitamins contained in these fruits and vegetables will help restore cartilage.
It is important to eat marine fish with a high fat content: salmon, tuna, sardine. To reduce inflammation and reduce pain, it is recommended to eat ginger and turmeric. It is important not to forget about garlic. You need to use it with food. Garlic will help support the immune system. An important source of trace elements are cereals such as millet, buckwheat, pearl barley, and hercules.
With arthritis, you should refrain from drinking alcohol, chocolate, salty and spicy foods. Also, you should not eat foods containing a large amount of fat: meat, lard, fried foods.
Your diet should be calculated so that everything is contained in equal amounts. It is important to drink enough water. You cannot starve and overeat during the day. It is important to control your weight. If you are overweight, then you should go in for sports to get rid of it.
Exercise for arthritis of the fingers
With arthritis, the finger of the hand should also perform special exercises that will contribute to recovery:
- Fist. It is necessary to tighten your fist, and then spread your fingers as much as possible to the sides;
- Beads. You need to alternately touch with your thumb all that remain;
- Fan. You need to place your hands on a flat surface and spread your fingers to the sides as much as possible;
- Pendulum. You need to put your hands on the table and alternately raise your fingers, while slightly moving them in the air.
Alcohol and arthritis of the fingers: is it possible?
Since arthritis of the fingers is accompanied by the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications, alcohol intake is undesirable, and in some cases prohibited. The combined use of medication and alcohol leads to a risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, and also increases the strength of the drug several times.
The medication, while taken with alcohol, can increase the negative effect on the liver, as well as increase the risk of developing ulcers of the gastrointestinal tract. Perhaps the periodic occurrence of severe headaches, noise in the ear canals, a feeling of general weakness. The term of the ban on alcohol can be checked with your doctor.
Alcohol can be consumed:
- 8-14 hours before taking the medicine;
- 18-24 hours after taking the medication.
Health care should be the main component in the life of every person. In order to prevent certain diseases, you can simply prevent their occurrence. It is important to treat all ailments, it does not matter whether it is a sore throat or a simple SARS.
Proper nutrition is the key to health and longevity. You need to supplement your diet with vitamin complexes. Exercise will also help strengthen the immune system.