Umbilical hernia in adults treatment without surgery
The cause of umbilical hernia is a stretching of the connective tissue of the anterior abdominal wall and muscle weakness, which results in an increase in size and deformation of the umbilical ring. Therefore, the effectiveness of conservative treatment in children and adults is significantly different: in older babies, the defect often “goes away by itself,” while in adults, attempts to “tighten” the connective tissue ring are ineffective.
Umbilical hernia in infants up to five years of age is treated with massage and plaster; adult patients are treated promptly.
Further in the article we will talk about three methods of therapy for children, surgical and conservative methods for the treatment of hernia in adults (some of the conservative methods can be used at home).
Conservative methods in adults work extremely poorly.
When choosing alternative treatment options, always remember the possibility of complications, the most dangerous of which is infringement. With such a development of events, an emergency operation is performed.
The good news is that planned surgery in both adults and children is successful in 90–95% of cases. It is very well developed, and sometimes children do not need it at all.
In children under the age of five, hernias are prone to self-healing: in the absence of provoking factors, the umbilical ring contracts, and the intestinal loops can no longer pass through it. The main objective of treatment in this case is reduction and retention of the contents of the abdominal cavity in a normal state and strengthening of the abdominal muscles.
Children are given a massage, a band-aid and pressure dressings are applied, they are laid on the tummy (this is “gymnastics”).
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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1. Tummy massage
Usually a congenital hernia is found in the baby during the first month of life. With the cry of the child and intestinal colic, pressure is formed, which is enough to exit the intestinal loops through the umbilical ring. In this case, the swelling easily sets in the abdominal cavity with normal pressure.
Massage courses should be started only after complete healing of the navel. For tiny children use only stroking techniques, soft and pleasant. There are two main stroking techniques:
Stroking counterclockwise in a circle is a traditional way.
Massaging “IloveU”, in which the letter “I” is held by hand with light pressing movements from top to bottom, and imitate “L” from bottom to top. Such movements relieve the baby of gas in the colon and reduce stress inside the abdomen.
In children over the age of three months, special attention is paid to the navel area, stimulating it as follows: place the thumb and index finger at a distance of 1-2 cm on both sides of the navel and make ten intense squeezing movements. Then change the position of the fingers so that the pressure exerted above and below and repeat the procedure.
2. Adhesive plaster against hernia
Most often, plasters and pressure bandages are applied to children for the treatment of hernia. Manufacturers of children’s products even offer specialized adhesive plasters that are applied around the baby’s tummy so that a skin fold is formed in the navel area.
You can also use a regular patch about 4 cm wide. Start to apply it directly in the navel area by squeezing the navel with your fingers and pushing the contents of the hernial sac into the abdominal cavity. Next, lay the patch around the tummy and close it on the navel. The bandage from the adhesive patch is left for 10 days and is not removed even while swimming.
Usually, 3-4 sessions of plaster treatment are sufficient so that the hernia no longer bothers the baby.
3. Laying on the tummy
Babies in the first months of life can also get rid of a hernia by simply laying it on their tummy on a hard surface 10–20 minutes before feeding. So the hernial contents are displaced into the abdominal cavity, and the abdominal muscles are strengthened.
Treatment of hernia in adults
An umbilical hernia formed in adulthood is stable and can be treated with great difficulty. The most sensible method is surgery.
In modern surgery, two methods are used:
stitching the umbilical ring,
installation of the mesh in the abdominal wall.
1. Ring stitching (hernioplasty)
The reduction of the lumen into which the intestinal loops fall out allows the application of two levels of tightening sutures: on the connective tissue and muscle layers of the abdominal wall. Operational access is through the navel.
Significant disadvantages of the technique are a long rehabilitation period and a high relapse rate.
Since surgical sutures dissolve over time, and the root causes that contribute to ring stretching are not always eliminated – there is a risk of tissue re-stretching. After surgery to narrow the umbilical ring, physical activity and weight lifting are prohibited for a whole year.
2. Installation of mesh implant
Treatment of umbilical hernia by closing the gate with a net is the most effective and simple method. Relapses after such an operation make up no more than 1–2% of cases, and the patient can return to his usual life in a month.
A mesh implant is placed in the abdominal wall under the wide tendon plate of the anterior abdominal wall. If the size of the hernia gate is too large and their reduction is impossible, the mesh is placed directly under the skin.
Conservative treatment of umbilical hernia in adults
Official medicine denies the existence of effective conservative methods, but leaves the patient alone with the problem if he refuses the operation and does not have urgent indications for its implementation.
What can be done at home? Traditional medicine is replete with recipes, many of which involve taking infusions and decoctions inside. It should be understood that no grass is able to pull and close the umbilical ring.
Of the conservative drugs, vacuum massage with banks and therapeutic exercises that strengthen the abdominal muscles are most effective. Constant training of the abdominal press and oblique abdominal muscles keep the connective tissue in good shape, gradually narrowing the umbilical ring. But when using gymnastics, it is important to remember about getting rid of excess weight, which, in contrast to muscles, has an additional load and contributes to the progression of pathology.
Vacuum massage with cans
Conventional cans, which were widely used in Soviet medicine, will help in the treatment of umbilical hernia. Massage oil is applied to the skin of the abdomen, then a jar is taken, a burning splinter is introduced into it (this is necessary for air combustion and the formation of a vacuum in the jar), and immediately apply the jar to the navel area. Further, it is smoothly moved in a circular motion. This massage stimulates the muscles and deeper layers of the abdominal wall.
Such a procedure must be performed by a doctor!
Strengthening the abdominal muscles contributes to the contraction of the umbilical ring. In the classroom, delicacy and the absence of excessive loads are important. Perform the following set of 4 exercises daily:
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Lying on your back, bend your knees
Raise your chest 10-15 cm from the floor. Repeat 10-15 times.
Raise legs alternately, moving them diagonally: right knee to left shoulder and vice versa
Lift the basin as high as possible from the floor
Lie on your side, put one hand under the head, the other along the body
Lift your chest slightly, then lie down and relax. Repeat the exercise at least 5-10 times.
Folk remedies (herbs)
Herbs that can stimulate tissue regeneration processes, according to folk recipes and patient reviews, can also help in the treatment of hernia:
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How to cook a folk remedy
How to apply
Take two tablespoons of dried clover flowers, pour two cups of boiling water and leave in a thermos for 6-8 hours.
Take a decoction of half a glass before meals.
Take 4 tablespoons of drupe leaves and 2 tablespoons of lingonberry leaves, pour a liter of boiling water and put on a small fire. Boil the broth for 10–20 minutes, then remove from heat.
Take this folk remedy in a glass on an empty stomach in the morning, after filtering the decoction from the leaves.
Take 2 tablespoons of oak bark, a handful of acorns and 2 tablespoons of dried oak leaves. Pour a liter of water and put on low heat. After ten minutes, remove the broth from the heat and leave it in a dark place for another day.
Moisten a decoction of gauze or bandage and apply overnight to the navel. It is convenient to fix compresses with a band-aid.
Umbilical hernia in most cases does not cause significant trouble, but neglected non-correctable pathologies, sprouting spikes, can cause intestinal dysfunction, acute abdominal pain and even vomiting with an admixture of blood. In such situations, conservative therapy and initiative are inappropriate – contact your surgeon immediately.
How to treat umbilical hernia in adults without surgery with folk remedies
Umbilical hernia is a fairly common surgical disease. A hole is formed in the navel, through the thickness of the muscles and beyond the abdominal wall go internal organs. Most often this is the intestines or omentum. The cause of umbilical hernia is the weakening of the walls of the peritoneum and the umbilical ring. Under the influence of adverse factors on the umbilical ring, it can expand and thereby further contribute to a hernia.
Umbilical hernia in adults can occur at any age. Of course, a significant factor in countering hernia is the good abdominal muscles, but they can not always save from the onset of this disease. Usually at the first stage the hernia is small in size. In the supine position, an umbilical hernia in adults is easily repaired. Nevertheless, do not reassure yourself that the problem will always be solved in this way. The umbilical ring weakens more and more with time, thereby increasing its diameter. Over time, large organs will fall into such an umbilical ring. The omentum falls out first, and then – loops of the small intestine. In this case, immediate treatment is required. Note that the treatment of umbilical hernia without surgery is impossible. The walls of the muscles should be sutured so that there is no possibility of a relapse of the disease. If you use the methods of traditional medicine, you can drag out the process and lead to more serious consequences (infringement, peritonitis). Usually, hernia is operated quickly and without complications, so you should not be afraid of surgery and delay it.
Umbilical hernia in adults most often occurs due to muscle weakness in the umbilical ring. At the same time, the presence of weak abdominal muscles aggravates the situation. A hernial protrusion can occur when lifting a heavy load, straining when sneezing. A weak umbilical ring may be from birth, due to weak motor activity, also refusal to exercise, pregnancy, overweight, sudden weight loss, the consequences of operations, and trauma to the abdomen also lead to this pathology. All these reasons can provoke the appearance of a hernia in adults.
The hernia itself becomes visible to the naked eye, so it’s rather difficult to miss the signs of an umbilical hernia. Most often there is an elevation in the navel area. In the supine position, this protrusion is significantly reduced or completely disappears. Also, an increase in the umbilical ring indicates a hernia. It is noteworthy that at the first stage the hernia may not give pain, so it is important not to miss the visual symptoms of the disease. If the hernia has passed into an advanced stage, then belching, constipation, nausea, and irregular urination may disturb patients.
Umbilical hernia in adults can lead to infringement of the hernial contents. This happens when patients start the disease and do not go to the doctor. Pinching, in turn, threatens peritonitis, gangrene, adhesions and necrosis of hernial contents. In this case, death can occur if urgent measures are not taken.
At birth, babies can also have hernias – they are called congenital, due to an intrauterine defect in the umbilical ring. Children’s hernias are much easier to treat – the umbilical ring is sealed crosswise with the newborn and in this way after a while the peritoneal muscles get stronger and the hernia does not protrude. However, sometimes such treatment is not enough and subsequently also have to resort to surgery.
Both adults and children with a hernia or suspected hernia must follow preventive measures. During pregnancy, women should wear a bandage, children from an early age should train the abdominal muscles, and adults should observe normal weight and not lift weights. In this case, surgery can be avoided.
The term “umbilical hernia” refers to a pathological condition in which a protrusion of the internal organs occurs through an opening in the anterior abdominal wall. This can be: intestinal loops, stomach, omentum, liver, etc. According to statistics, women are exposed to umbilical hernia (photo below), but men are often diagnosed with pathology. Treatment of the disease involves surgery. In the presence of contraindications, conservative methods are used to stop the development of the pathological process.
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How to remove an umbilical hernia
An umbilical hernia is a fairly common occurrence that can occur not only in adults, but also in children. Until recently, surgery was the only way to treat such a pathology. But today, the treatment of umbilical hernia without surgery is a reality.
What is a disease?
A hernia in the navel is a pathological condition in which parts of the internal organs exit through the abdominal wall. At home, getting rid of it is almost impossible, and such an attempt is fraught with the appearance of serious complications.
Most often, this ailment occurs in women who have crossed the 35-year frontier. Umbilical hernia may be adjustable or non-adjustable. The latter requires immediate surgical intervention, as the tissues of the released internal organs will begin to die.
Causes of the disease
Umbilical hernia appears due to such factors:
Rickets in children. This complex pathology helps to weaken the abdominal muscles.
Weak development of the abdominal wall in sick or premature babies. The strong stress that the child experiences during crying can contribute to the expulsion of internal organs through the umbilical ring.
Pregnancy and childbirth.
Diseases of the endocrine system and excessive weight.
Malignant pathologies, the result of which is the accumulation of a large amount of fluid in the abdomen.
Hard physical work or exhausting workouts.
Congenital defect in the anatomical ring.
Unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle.
Dumb abdominal injury.
These causes of the development of the disease can be completely prevented.
Symptoms and diagnosis of pathology
It is not difficult to determine an umbilical hernia, but you should not do this yourself. The disease has the following symptoms:
protrusion of the umbilical ring, clearly visible at a time when a person is standing;
pain when trying to push the contents of the hernial sac inward;
discoloration of the skin of the umbilical region: it turns red, blue and even gray.
As for the diagnosis, only a visual examination of the patient is not enough. It is impossible to make a diagnosis in this way, because the protrusion can be small or the patient is overweight (in this case, it is almost impossible to feel the hernia). During a conversation with the doctor, the patient must tell as much information as possible: when and how often the protrusion appears, whether it is possible to correct it yourself, what other important symptoms are present.
An additional instrumental method of research is ultrasound (allows you to determine the nature of the hernia), an x-ray of the contents of the hernial sac, gastroduodenoscopy, laboratory blood tests.
In which cases the operation is required
It is not always possible to remove an umbilical hernia without surgery. There are situations when the operation is mandatory:
pain appeared suddenly, and their intensity is constantly increasing;
the patient experienced nausea and vomiting;
in the feces there are streaks of blood;
the hernia cannot be set even in a horizontal position.
All these symptoms indicate an infringement of the hernia, so you need to act immediately.
Traditional methods of treatment
Treatment without surgery involves the use of unconventional time-tested products. However, this should be done only if the protrusion is not restrained, and the hernia has only just begun to develop. Such recipes will be useful:
Finely chopped plantain leaves should be taken half a teaspoon once a day. The composition of this plant contains those substances that favorably affect the connective tissue. The course of therapy is 3 months, after which the hernia will completely disappear.
Red clay, which has a large amount of nutrients, is effective. It must be mixed with water in equal proportions and applied to the navel.
The tincture of oak bark is considered effective. It is necessary to apply such a compress to the navel for 3-4 hours.
You can eliminate the protrusion, as well as prevent its further appearance with the help of such a compress: mix iodine, honey, propolis and butter (in equal proportions), and then apply it for 5-6 hours to the navel. The procedure is repeated daily for two months.
Before going to bed, put a tablespoon of honey on the area around the navel and cover with a clean sheet of paper. A clean cotton cloth is applied on top. The entire compress needs to be fixed. In the morning it is necessary to wash it off with warm water, and after an hour outline the navel with iodine (circle diameter 7-10 cm). The procedure should be repeated daily until the protrusion completely disappears.
Zhivitsa and camphor oil. These components need to be mixed, and put the resulting cake on the navel (in addition, it is fixed with a plaster).
Compression bandage with an old five-copeck coin. In this case, the copper nickel should be wrapped with a soft cloth so that it fits more tightly and fixed with a plaster.
Self-medication can be fatal, therefore, before starting it, a doctor’s consultation is required.
How to treat pathology without surgery
Many patients want to know whether it is possible to treat umbilical hernia in adults without surgery. In principle, this is quite realistic, if only the protrusion is small and not infringed. For treatment, the following methods are used:
The use of orthopedic appliances – bandage. It makes it possible to reliably hold the abdominal wall, so the likelihood of organ loss through the umbilical ring is significantly reduced.
Massage. To begin with, the painful area is stroked clockwise. Next, you need to pinch this part of the body and rub the abdominal muscles.
Physiotherapy. It is shown only if the patient has no temperature, cardiac pathologies. Very effective is lifting the chest, as well as the pelvis in a supine position, turning the body. No less useful is breathing exercises.
Such treatment without surgery helps to strengthen the muscle corset of the abdominal cavity, and prevents the reappearance of hernial protrusion. But all these procedures must be done very carefully so as not to aggravate the situation of the patient even more.
Laparoscopy for hernia repair
This method is the most reliable and common. It does not provide for the use of a scalpel. Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive, and, therefore, non-traumatic operation. It has the following advantages:
short duration (no more than 1 hour);
the absence of complications that may arise due to the action of anesthesia;
no scars will remain on the body after the operation;
reduction of the rehabilitation period (it lasts only 2-3 days);
the exception of relapses, since during the intervention in the abdominal cavity, a synthetic patch is installed.
How to cure an umbilical hernia without surgery is already known. However, it is better not to allow its appearance at all. For this, the following preventive measures should be observed:
Perform simple exercises to train your abdominal muscles.
It is necessary to abandon hard physical work.
It is advisable to use orthopedic bandage for women during pregnancy.
Whatever the case, improper or ineffective treatment will lead to serious complications. Such a pathological condition can even be life threatening. Be healthy!
How to remove an umbilical hernia: 1 comment
I am 92 years old In May 2019, a left inguinal hernia was successfully removed using the laparoscopy method at an Elizabethan hospital in St. Petersburg. In July 2019, an umbilical hernia appeared. In early September I went to the same hospital for an operation, but other doctors gathered to operate on me. On the eve of the operation, he did not sleep all night and when they brought him to the operating room in the morning. then found the upper blood pressure of 200 !. Usually this does not happen, although in the morning I have a pressure before breakfast between 160 – 140, and after breakfast it usually delivers up to 140 – 110 and rises again in the evening (after 19 hours), for which I usually take a pill lowering pressure. On the eve of the operation, she was not accepted. Now I wear a bandage and I expect infringement of this hernia. which is so far almost invisible. Now I have no other choice? They didn’t operate on me that day and were discharged from the hospital.
How to treat an umbilical hernia in adults with folk remedies without surgery
REVIEWS: 5 Heading: HERNIA
An umbilical hernia in adults is a bulging of internal organs (intestines, omentum) beyond the abdominal wall through an opening in the navel – the umbilical ring. This is due to the fact that under certain adverse conditions, the umbilical ring expands; tissues and muscles surrounding it atrophy; resistance to abdominal pressure decreases
First, the umbilical hernia is small, disappears in a supine position, and is easily repaired. But over time, the umbilical ring can expand more and more, hernia grow. Its contents are first an omentum, then the small intestine gets there. Folk remedies can not save an adult from an umbilical hernia, but can stop its growth and avoid complications. If a hernia causes a lot of inconvenience, and the patient’s age is less than 60 years, then it is better to perform an operation to implant a mesh to strengthen the abdominal wall. This operation is highly effective, after it recurrence of hernia is rare and the patient quickly recovers.
Causes of umbilical hernia. In most cases, an umbilical hernia in adults is formed as a result of a weakening of the front wall of the abdomen and the umbilical ring, as well as with a sharp increase in pressure inside the abdomen. A combination of these two factors is especially dangerous. For example, if a heavy load is raised with a weak abdominal wall, then the abdominal organs may protrude under the skin through the navel. Reasons for the weakening of the umbilical ring: 1. Congenital weakness of the connective tissue of the ring 2. Neglect of gymnastics, muscle weakness 3. Pregnancy 4. Obesity 5. Sudden weight loss 6. Postoperative scars, 7. Belly injuries
Causes of increased abdominal pressure 1. Physical stress, hard work; 2. Constipation and straining during bowel movements 3. Prolonged cough 4. Hard birth
Symptoms of umbilical hernia in adults 1. A protrusion in the navel, which decreases in size or disappears in a supine position. This protrusion increases over time and ceases to set. 2. Extension of the umbilical ring 3. Abdominal pain during physical exertion and coughing. In the initial stages of a hernia in adults, there may not be any symptoms in the form of pain. 4. Nausea, belching, constipation, impaired urination – these symptoms appear at later stages of development
Prevention of umbilical hernia. 1. Wearing a bandage during pregnancy; 2. Abdominal muscle training; 3. Normalization of weight.
Complications of umbilical hernia. The main complication of a hernia in adults is its infringement. Injury of the hernia can lead to gangrene of the hernial sac, adhesive intestinal obstruction.
Symptoms of constriction of an umbilical hernia in adults. A sign of an infringement of the umbilical hernia is a sudden pain in the area of hernial protrusion, the hernia also suddenly stops adjusting. Bowel obstruction often occurs
What to do when infringement of umbilical hernia. 1. Immediately call a doctor. 2. Take a warm bath and try to straighten the hernia in the water. 3. If it was not possible to correct it, lie on your back, bending your legs under you and waiting for a doctor 4. In case of severe pain, put ice on the navel area. 5. In case of nausea, swallow a piece of ice. 6. Try not to take painkillers, and in no case do not use laxatives. 7. If you delay the ambulance, you can put an enema out of warm water.
If the umbilical hernia is large and old, then adhesions can form in it, inflammation of the organs located in the hernial sac can occur. Therefore, the main task is to prevent the growth of hernia. This will help folk methods and exercises.
Umbilical hernia treatment in adults Take 50 g of milk to drop there 5-7 drops of turpentine oil. Drink the mixture in the morning and evening on an empty stomach. Lubricate the navel area with this mixture. The course is 10 days. If the disease does not go away, then after a week repeat the treatment. (HLS 2001, No. 6, p. 14)
Umbilical hernia treatment with salt The following folk remedy helps relieve pain with an umbilical hernia: pour 2 tbsp. Into a dense tissue. l salt and tie a walnut-sized knot. Soak a nodule in water and attach to a hernia. The pain will quickly recede. If the salt has dried the nodule can be wet again. (HLS 2004 No. 9, p. 24)
Ash treatment In the treatment of umbilical hernia with folk remedies, ash is used. It is necessary to take in winter and spring the tops of cherry branches 10-15 cm long to dry and burn. 1 hour l boil ash 200 g of boiling water, stir and drink 1/3 cup 3 times a day before meals. The course of treatment is 1 month. This recipe helped to avoid surgery. (2005, No. 17, p. 32) In another recipe, a different dosage of ash infusion is given – 1 tbsp. 3 times a day. An umbilical hernia has passed in a month, and has not bothered for 10 years (2008, No. 14, Article 33)
Larch bark for the treatment of umbilical hernia 6 tbsp. l young crushed bark pour 4 cups boiling water in a thermos, insist night. For the treatment of hernia in adults, take 1 glass 4 times a day 30-40 minutes before eating. The course of treatment is 15 days, then 7 days off. It will take from 2 to 10 such courses. This recipe also helps with inguinal hernia, as well as with adenoma. From the same infusion, it is desirable to make a compress on the hernia 1-2 times a day. (Healthy Lifestyle 2010 №7, p. 37)
Compresses In the treatment of umbilical hernia in adults, daily washing of her zone with cold water and vinegar is very effective (for 1 tbsp of water 1 tbsp. 4% vinegar). After washing, put a warm compress of oak infusion for 30 minutes. Preparation of oak infusion: grind acorns, leaves, oak bark, fill them with 2/3 of the bottle, pour red wine to the top, leave for 21 days in a dark place. It is advisable to alternate these oak compresses with poultices from hernia grass: steam the grass, shake off excess moisture and apply to the area of the hernia. These folk remedies will not allow the disease to progress. It is advisable to combine external treatment with the intake of infusions, the preparation of which is described in the article Herbs for the treatment of inguinal hernia with folk remedies (HLS 2009, No. 13, p. 15)
Umbilical hernia exercises in adults With umbilical hernia, it is useful to massage – stroking, kneading, rubbing and tapping. Exercises: 1. Sagging chest, lying on your back. 2. Lift the pelvis, lying on your back. 3. Turns to the side with alternating bending of the legs at the knees: bent legs are laid to the right of the body, and the left hand stretches to the right side, turning the body to the right side. Then the other way 4. Respiratory gymnastics: breathe deeply, abdomen. The exhalation is jerky, without the participation of the abdominal muscles. During gymnastics, hold the hernia zone with your hand, bandage or bandage. (HLS 2009, No. 13, p. 15)
In the treatment of umbilical hernia in adults with folk remedies, vacuum massage is also used (with a glass jar or clay pot – 5-8 sessions), ingestion of a strong decoction of bony leaves or red clover flowers