The knee joint crunches when bent

Previously, if you consult a doctor with a similar problem, you would be told that the cause of a crunch in the knees is meniscus damage or arthrosis. Currently, doctors, there are other popular causes of this ailment.

The content of the article
  1. Causes
  2. Overweight
  3. High Pressure Pills
  4. Arthrosis of the knee
  5. Meniscus damage
  6. Knees crunch and hurt when squats
  7. Arthritis of the knee joint
  8. Crunches the knee when bent, but does not hurt
  9. Treatment
  10. Amyotrophy
  11. Treatment of crunching and knee pain during flexion and extension
  12. The physiological causes of crunching
  13. Cracking in the knees of a pathological nature
  14. Injuries
  15. What joint pathologies are accompanied by a crunch?
  16. Arthritis
  17. Arthrosis
  18. Knee Hypermobility Syndrome
  19. Incorrect calcium phosphorus metabolism
  20. Bursitis
  21. What to do when a lap crunch appears?
  22. Physiotherapy
  23. Compresses
  24. Baths
  25. Clinical Therapy
  26. Knee Crunch Prevention
  27. When bending, the knees crunch: what to do?
  28. Why do your knees crunch
  29. Drug treatment of knee crunch
  30. Healthy knee exercises
  31. Massage
  32. Folk remedies against a crunch in the knees
  33. Video: how to alkalize the body and remove crunch in the knees
  34. Treatment of crunching and knee pain during flexion and extension
  35. The physiological causes of crunching
  36. Cracking in the knees of a pathological nature
  37. Injuries
  38. What joint pathologies are accompanied by a crunch?
  39. Arthritis
  40. Arthrosis
  41. Knee Hypermobility Syndrome
  42. Incorrect calcium phosphorus metabolism
  43. Bursitis
  44. What to do when a lap crunch appears?
  45. Physiotherapy
  46. Compresses
  47. Baths
  48. Clinical Therapy
  49. Knee Crunch Prevention
  50. Crunching knees when bending and flexing
  51. Why are these symptoms worrying?
  52. Physiological factors
  53. Pathological causes
  54. Other reasons
  55. Concomitant symptoms
  56. Methods of diagnosis
  57. How to cure a problem?
  58. Effective drugs
  59. Exercises
  60. Diet Features
  61. How massage will help?
  62. Treatment with folk remedies
  63. The need for surgical treatment
  64. What to do to prevent pathology?
  65. Clicks the knee when bending and flexing
  66. The main causes of crunching in the knees during flexion and extension
  67. Other root causes
  68. Why is physiological crunching manifested?
  69. Crunch after prosthetics
  70. Causes of Crunch in Teens
  71. Diagnostics
  72. What treatment is prescribed?
  73. Preparations
  74. What to do with food?
  75. Therapeutic exercises
  76. Other methods
  77. Folk remedies
  78. Prevention

Causes

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Overweight

One such reason is overweight. Knees crunch due to being overweight. Look at how the knee joint works:

    tibia; femur; patella.

The joint allows you to perform basic movements: flexion, extension, turns. Between the two bones there is a surface that is covered with hyaline cartilage. Due to this, smoothness and gliding of bones with respect to each other is ensured.

In order for the knees to not crunch, it is necessary to lower the body weight, since it creates an additional load on the muscles and ligaments. Excess load affects the joint, disrupting its work. Subsequently, this causes pain.

In addition, overweight triggers a metabolic syndrome, which will later be associated with hypertension, with the onset of diabetes, metabolic disorders. All this is secondary to the destruction of the joint.

High Pressure Pills

A common cause of crunching is taking drugs for high blood pressure. Many of them cause side effects. And given the fact that people, trying to reduce pressure, take several different drugs at the same time, side effects accumulate and cause pain in the knees.

In addition, taking pressure medications can trigger leg cramps.

To verify this, just open the instructions for a particular drug for pressure and find there side effects such as: arthritis, arthrosis, exacerbation of gout, increased uric acid.

Excess uric acid in the blood, for example, causes joint inflammation. And uric acid itself is a by-product of protein digestion, and is excreted through the kidneys. This is a product that the body does not need to be removed. With diseased kidneys, salts are deposited in joints in a larger amount – joints become inflamed.

Arthrosis of the knee

If you notice that when you bend your knee, a crunch appears that resembles a snow crunch – this is a bad sign. Very bad. Such a crunch speaks of developing arthrosis.

Arthrosis develops slowly, this process can take up to several years: at the beginning, practically nothing happens, there are no severe pains, a person walks calmly – sometimes knees ache.

But at some point, for example, after physical exertion: somewhere they lifted something heavy, overdo it with training, suddenly the pain becomes stronger.

Meniscus damage

Very often meniscus damage is confused with arthrosis. The main difference between this disease is that if arthrosis pain intensifies gradually, then if meniscus is damaged, the pain is instant.

Damage to menisci can occur in any person: he walked, stumbled, somehow put his foot wrong, and suddenly . a sharp pain, in the morning everything was swollen – it hurts.

Athletes are also often affected by meniscus disease. However, this ailment does not bother professional athletes as much as amateur athletes. It’s not hard to guess why.

Professional athletes are most prepared in this regard: they play sports for a long time, have experience in physical training, correctly calculate the load. For amateurs, the situation is exactly the opposite: they do it once, the muscles wean, and then, when new portions of exercises and physical activity are added, the muscles begin to hurt.

Age also affects the disease: a person at 40 decided to exercise, so to speak, to get in shape, but after doing several exercises, maybe even in the process of doing something, something crunched in the knee, and wild pain arose.

Knees crunch and hurt when squats

The most dangerous movements for knees are squats, squatting and other movements involving short-term squats. In this case, in the presence of inflammation, pinching of the menisci occurs, and in people with developing arthrosis, it may aggravate.

Arthritis of the knee joint

Doctors often skip this disease when making a diagnosis. The differences between arthritis and arthrosis or meniscus damage are as follows:

    pain is accompanied by a very strong swelling; redness of the skin is formed; severe pain that occurs at night;

With arthritis, the pain is somewhat similar to toothache, while at night it appears in a state of complete rest, when a person is sleeping, does not roll over. At this moment, severe pain occurs. These are signs of arthritis.

Another difference from arthrosis and meniscus is that with arthritis the pain subsides at the moment of making any movements: the leg became ill, rose, resembled – the pain subsided.

Crunches the knee when bent, but does not hurt

If a person does not experience pain at the moment when a crunch occurs, and at the same time, the leg looks normal, not swollen, the movements are uniform, it does not hamper anything, then there is no obvious reason for concern.

The knee joint, like other joints, is provided with a certain amount of oxygen located in the synovial fluid, which, in turn, lubricates the articular surfaces, acts as their additional shock absorber, and also provides nutrition to the cartilage tissue. With certain movements, oxygen creates a sound effect – a click. This is a light and painless crunch.

Crunching may occur due to leaping of tendons. It happens that menisci cause a sound effect when they do not have time to slip out with a certain movement.

Often the knees snap due to instability of the patella. At first, this does not bother the patient; the clicks themselves are painless. But any doctor will say if you have any strange sensations in the knee joint area, such as pain during flexion and extension, crunching, stiffness, restriction of movement, this is a kind of warning, and therefore it is worthwhile to be examined by a doctor in the near future .

Treatment

Amyotrophy

If your knees hurt and crunch, including flexion, the best solution would be to see a doctor. Do not be surprised if you lead a sedentary lifestyle and, at the same time, your knees crunch. This is normal – the joint does not have enough physical activity, so it atrophies. But at the moment when you make sudden movements, for example, a sharp rise after a squat, the knee crunches.

Often a crunch does not cause pain, it just crunches unpleasantly. But this is not for long. Soon, the crunch will begin to be accompanied by severe pain. In order to prevent a problem, in no case should you try to protect the joint from any movements, as patients often do. On the contrary, you need to start a mobile lifestyle, if you have not done this before.

There are no blood vessels in the cartilage, and the metabolism is due to synovial fluid. If a person does not move enough, metabolic processes decrease, pressure on the cartilaginous surfaces decreases, the fluid disappears, and the hyaline cartilage is destroyed.

At the same time, you should not abuse it, because if you ride on your feet, and your body weight, at the same time, is 1,5-2 times higher than the norm, imagine what will happen to your knees !?

Running is a conditional concept, but certain movements should be. The joint is so arranged, if there is movement in it, then it lives, it means that normal metabolic processes, normal nutrition of the articular cartilage, ligamentous apparatus constantly occur in it. Therefore, if possible, move.

Prevention of knee disease involves proper nutrition. Calcium, protein, and collagen must be ingested in a timely and sufficient amount. Start your day with exercise, do light physical exercises throughout the day, and in general, exercise, lead a healthy lifestyle. If the knee joint is damaged, consult a specialist immediately. Only in this way can the disease be cured or prevented.

Treatment of crunching and knee pain during flexion and extension

Many people, even completely healthy, sometimes heard a crunch in their lap when flexing or flexing, but not everyone understands that sometimes this symptom requires treatment. Its causes may be physiological and pathological in nature. And if the former do not pose a threat to health, the latter signal a number of serious diseases.

The physiological causes of crunching

When the knee crunches in the absence of pain, the reason may be hidden in the physiological features of its work. Gradually, in the process of flexion and extension, the joint bag limiting the joint can stretch and increase. Gas bubbles begin to form in the lubricant filling it. With bending movements of the knee, they burst. There is a loud crunch that resembles a click.

In addition, physiological crunch can be observed in the following cases:

  1. In the process of flexion and extension of the joint in an uncomfortable position, when the articular protrusions are in contact.
  2. When stretching the periarticular ligaments. It can occur due to a long stay of the knee in an extended position.
  3. In a child due to hypermobility of bones or an unformed skeleton.

Physiological crunch in the knee joint is not considered an injury or deviation in the joint.

Also read another article on psychosomatics.

Cracking in the knees of a pathological nature

It is most often possible to determine on your own that the joint crunches and hurts the knee during flexion due to the presence of any pathology, since the following symptoms are present:

  • the knee hurts, causing severe discomfort;
  • there is swelling, swelling near the joint;
  • limited joint mobility;
  • redness of the knee.

Crunching in the knees during flexion and extension requires treatment if it is of a pathological nature, most often characterized by a muffled, soft sound.

Important! If you have these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Many adverse factors can lead to disorders in the joints. As a result of the influence of these factors, certain changes occur in them, due to which joint disease develops and a crunch appears in the knee during extension. These factors include:

  • high physical exertion;
  • excess weight;
  • endocrine system diseases, for example, diabetes mellitus;
  • Wearing high-heeled shoes.

In addition, a sedentary lifestyle and even an improper diet, namely an abundance of salty and sweet food, can lead to pathology.

Injuries

Pain and crunching in the knees during bending can cause damage to elements such as:

The joints crackle and snap in these cases due to the uneven load on them.

What joint pathologies are accompanied by a crunch?

If the knee began to crackle and it is difficult for him to bend and unbend, but injuries are excluded, then most likely the cause is inflammation or other pathological processes in the intraarticular environment.

Arthritis

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joint tissue, which entails changes in the structure of cartilage and the accumulation of inflammatory exudate. There are several types of joint inflammation, the most common are rheumatoid and gouty arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis

The exact causes of its occurrence have not yet been fully studied, but it is known that it is closely interconnected with the immune system and impaired functioning. This disease is characterized by chronic inflammation of the joint and its synovial membrane.

For reference! According to statistics, among one hundred patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 60 patients are women. And he can hit both in adulthood and in old age.

In the initial stages of arthritis, there is practically no discomfort in the knee joint, in the later stages, flexion and extensor movements are almost impossible to perform.

Gouty arthritis

It is characterized by the accumulation of calcium and uric acid crystals on the joint surface, which is associated with their excessive formation or improper excretion from the body. Often the causes are the following phenomena:

  • diseases of the genitourinary system or organs of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • trauma;
  • avitaminosis.

Often the disease occurs in old age. Gout is accompanied by the appearance of tofus on the skin – uric acid crystals accumulate under the skin.

Arthrosis

This is a joint lesion, which is characterized by such phenomena:

  • thinning of the cartilage, dividing it into fibers;
  • an increase in bone processes;
  • reduction in synovial fluid formation.

In old age, arthrosis is attributed to physiological phenomena, and its appearance is associated with a decrease in the amount of protein in the cartilage tissue. In youth, arthrosis can occur due to phenomena such as increased load on the knees (for example, hard physical work) or obesity.

Important! A joint affected by arthrosis is poorly restored, and in the later stages its complete destruction is possible. Therefore, you can not let the disease drift.

Knee Hypermobility Syndrome

This disease is characterized by increased flexibility and excessive mobility of the knee joint. Crunching in the knee is one of the main symptoms of this syndrome. Most often, this pathology arises as a result of genetic disorders, but can also develop due to inflammation in the joint or some disorders in the body (neurological, hormonal).

Incorrect calcium phosphorus metabolism

Calcium and phosphorus are those elements whose deficiency or excess always affects the condition of the bones. The following signs are considered the main signs of improper calcium-phosphorus metabolism:

  • crunch;
  • poor joint mobility;
  • painful sensations;
  • joint deformation.

This pathology develops due to some congenital disorders, as well as malnutrition.

Bursitis

This is called inflammation of the joint bag. A characteristic crisp sound in the joint arises as a result of this inflammation. The causes of its development are most often injuries or severe physical exertion.

What to do when a lap crunch appears?

Why do knees crunch, and what if it stops stretching? The following specialists are studying the causes of crunch in joints:

Therefore, if the knee begins to crunch, you need to visit these specialists first. Based on the results of examination and research, appropriate treatment is prescribed. Of course, it is not necessary to run to the doctor every time, if suddenly the knee is cracked, but you should not attach importance to the unpleasant symptoms that have arisen. How to treat a knee joint if it hurts and crunches, especially bent?

If the characteristic sounds during flexion are not accompanied by pain and are not a consequence of joint disease, then you can try to get rid of them yourself.

Physiotherapy

It is necessary to regularly carry out warm-ups and extensor movements for the knees so that the joint does not cause discomfort during flexion and extension. Elementary morning exercises that are useful to supplement with exercises such as:

Gymnastics should not be done for long, 10-15 minutes is enough. But regularity is a prerequisite.

For reference! Especially good as a warm-up for knees is swimming and water procedures. They are almost always prescribed for patients with diseased joints.

With crunching and discomfort in the knees, you can use ointment with snake or bee venom. It must be applied to the joint area and rub. Then massage your leg for several minutes and wrap it with a warm scarf for half an hour.

Important! After applying such an ointment, you need to wash your hands well. In large quantities, the ointment causes severe irritation. Also, it should not be allowed to get on the mucous membranes.

Compresses

Compresses, such as dairy, will have a positive effect on the knee. You need to mix a few tablespoons of wheat bran with milk until a thick mass is obtained. Put it on your knee, insulate with plastic wrap and a towel and leave for half an hour.

Thanks to the regular use of such compresses, the knees will become less crunchy and the discomfort will pass.

Baths

In the evening, before going to bed, warm baths will be useful for joints. You can just keep your feet in warm water to relax, or you can add a few drops of essential oils, such as eucalyptus.

Important! All ointments, compresses and other means must be approved by the attending physician. Although they are considered folk remedies, the doctor must confirm the absence of contraindications to their use.

Clinical Therapy

The attending physician may prescribe the following therapeutic methods:

  1. Physiotherapy. This includes warming and ultrasound. In addition, magnetic therapy or electrophoresis may be prescribed.
  2. Various non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that relieve inflammation and reduce pain.
  3. Chondoprotective drugs that feed the tissue of cartilage and slow down the degenerative processes in it.
  4. Massage.
  5. Alternative methods (acupuncture, banks, etc.).

Various vitamin and mineral complexes with phosphorus and calcium are also often prescribed.

Read about red spots on the legs here.

Knee Crunch Prevention

Preventing the onset of the disease is always easier than treating it. Therefore, it is very important to adhere to preventive recommendations. Such types of loads as:

Long running and jerking should be avoided.

Why do I need to adjust my diet? It is necessary to exclude too salty and spicy food, be wary of sweets. Include more dairy and sour-milk products, as well as seafood in the diet. It is also necessary to remember that overweight has a negative effect on the blood circulation of the body, and this is the reason for the occurrence of stagnation in the joint tissues.

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When bending, the knees crunch: what to do?

Each of us tries to lead an active lifestyle and move more, regardless of age, the availability of free time and health. We are not looking for excuses, we are looking for opportunities. But what if the joints hurt when moving, do not give normal bend and unbend legs in the knees? This is often observed in older people. What to do? Is it really necessary to abandon all the charms of life, citing old age? Do you really have to spend time only on the couch in front of the TV? No matter how! Crunching in the knees can be dealt with and done really effectively. Today we’ll talk about pain and crunching in the knees, the causes of this phenomenon, as well as the main medical and home methods of solving this problem.

Why do your knees crunch

The knee is the largest joint in the human body. With it, we can walk, bend the leg, move around and stand. Inside the joint is a synovial fluid that protects the joint itself from wear and reduces friction of the bones and cartilage of each other’s forehead. If a person feels a crunch in his knees during movement, flexion and extension, this indicates the destruction of the joint. Crunch in the knees can occur against the background of external minor factors or may be associated with internal diseases of the musculoskeletal system of the patient. So, let’s try to figure out what may cause a crunch in the knees.

  1. Crunching in the knee can be caused by excessive stress on the joint. This happens if a person lifts weights. Very often a similar problem occurs in weightlifters.
  2. Uncomfortable shoes can lead to pain and crunching in the knees. This is especially true for women who wear high heels. The arch of the foot when wearing such shoes changes, the center of gravity moves, the knee joint is forced to work in an unnatural position.
  3. In many cases, the overload creates an overweight patient. With obesity, the pressure on the joint increases several times, it gradually collapses.

To determine the nature of the symptom, you must definitely consult a doctor. As a rule, a traumatologist deals with such problems, you may need the help of a rheumatologist and even a nutritionist to reduce excess body weight. Making the right diagnosis depends on many factors. First of all, the doctor conducts an examination and collects an anamnesis. It is very important to tell a specialist about the conditions of their work, about physical activity and existing sports injuries. You also need to identify the hereditary factor and analyze the concomitant diseases. For a more accurate diagnosis, an x-ray and ultrasound examination of the knee joints, CT and MRI may be necessary. In some cases, even synovial fluid can be taken for analysis.

Drug treatment of knee crunch

The treatment of crunch in the knees is very peculiar and differs significantly depending on the initial diagnosis. Here are some general guidelines to help you relieve pain and improve your knee joint.

  1. Anti-inflammatory drugs. This group of drugs is effective for arthritis and arthrosis. They can be in the form of tablets, but it is much more effective to take drugs by injection. Among them, Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Nimesulide, Indomethacin, etc.
  2. For cartilage. These are drugs of external and internal action that restore the integrity of cartilage tissue, contributing to the production of collagen. This is Chondroxide, Chondroitin, Rumalon.
  3. Warming ointments. To relieve pain and be able to actively move, you can use warming and analgesic ointments. This is Finalgon, Capsicam, Voltaren.
  4. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory ointments. In addition to drugs that need to be taken orally, non-steroidal ointments can be applied to the knee. They relieve inflammation and swelling, relieve pain. Among these drugs, Nise, Ortofen, Ketoprofen can be distinguished.
  5. Corticosteroids. This is a fairly serious group of hormonal drugs, which is prescribed if non-steroidal drugs no longer help. The most effective drugs in this group are Prednisolone, Hydrocartisone.
  6. Vitamins The intake of a multivitamin complex is required. The complex should include calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D3 – they restore the structure of cartilage and bone tissue.

Remember, only a doctor can prescribe a medicine, you should not prescribe these or those drugs yourself. However, any doctor will tell you with confidence that in the fight against crunching in the knees, drug therapy is not in the first place.

Healthy knee exercises

Problems with knees in most cases arise precisely from low motor activity. Therefore, it is necessary to do physiotherapy exercises in order to develop knee joints and strengthen the muscles that support bones and cartilage.

  1. Lying on your back, bend and unbend your knees, smoothly moving your feet on the floor. Do this exercise in the morning and evening of every day, for this you can not even get out of bed.
  2. This exercise is also performed while lying on your back. Make rotational movements with your legs, bending and unbending them at the knees, like a bicycle. All movements should be smooth, slow, measured.
  3. Very useful and effective swimming. In water, the load on the knees decreases, the weight is not felt so acutely. Do not just swim, but aqua aerobics.
  4. Simple squats for the sick knees are contraindicated, as this is a serious burden, due to which the pain can intensify. But to squat, holding on to the back of the chair, you can. You can train not only effectively, but also safely.
  5. It is useful to ride a bicycle – in this case, the load on the joint is minimal, since most of the weight falls on the bicycle itself, and not on the knees.

When doing exercise, you need to listen to your body. The movements should be smooth, should not bring you discomfort or pain. Excessive and intense stress is now useless for you, it will only aggravate your condition.

In addition to physiotherapy exercises, you must definitely go to physiotherapeutic procedures. In the fight against “crispy” knees, it is useful to do electrophoresis. During the procedure, the medicine is injected into the deeper layers of the cartilage joint using electric current. In addition, they use magnetic and laser therapy, warming procedures – paraffin, dirt, etc.

Massage


To overcome knee pain, treatment should be multifaceted and comprehensive. One of the conditions for a quick recovery is massage. It is best to perform a massage with warming ointments and creams. It is very good to use medicinal compositions based on snake and bee venom for massage, one of the effective ointments is Viprosal. Massage should be done carefully, applying moderate effort. Squeeze a small amount of ointment on the knee, distribute it over the skin and begin to perform circular movements. The ointment should be rubbed into the skin and cartilage. Apply the product from the front and back of the knees, and then wrap an elastic bandage on the affected area. Do massage before going to bed so that after the procedure your leg warms up at rest.

Often the destruction of cartilage tissue occurs due to the lack of certain vitamins that reproduce cartilage tissue. A large amount of collagen for joints is found in jelly. Strong rich broth in a cooled form must be consumed every day. It is much better if it is cooked from beef bones. In addition, you need to eat balanced. Eat more vegetables and fruits, lean on dairy products – they have a lot of calcium. Nuts and fresh herbs favorably affect the condition of bones and cartilage. The diet should be meat, sea fish. It is good to eat canned fish, because together with meat we also use soft fish bones. They are also useful for the restoration of cartilage. In addition, nutrition plays a critical role in the fight against obesity. Eat often and in small portions, refuse flour and sweets, do not overdo it at night – this will help you reduce weight and strain on the knee joints.

Folk remedies against a crunch in the knees

In the piggy bank of folk wisdom, there are many useful recipes that will help you organize the production of collagen and cartilage, relieve pain and swelling in the knees.

    Dairy bran. A glass of bran should be poured with boiling milk and allowed to swell. When the mass has cooled slightly, it should be transferred to a bag and a compress made on the sore knees. Dairy bran holds heat for a long time, relieve inflammation and pain.

Remember, to achieve a real result, you need to combine medication with massage, exercises, physiotherapy and folk recipes. Only in this case you can get rid of pain and crunch in the knees once and for all.

Knees often hurt in older people, but do not take this for granted. It is quite possible to protect yourself from knee pain. Firstly, you need to monitor your weight, because it is overweight that creates a serious load on the joints. Secondly, move more, walk, exercise, train and develop joints. Third, keep an eye on nutrition. The diet should be rich and varied, in the spring and winter, drink multivitamin complexes. Eliminate or limit salt intake. Drink a lot of water – because its lack can lead to cellular dehydration and tissue depletion. Refuse high heels – no more than 4 centimeters. If you work actively, look for time to relax. If your profession forces you to constantly sit, you need to take breaks for exercises and warm-ups. If you rest on your knees while working or playing sports, use knee pads – they will protect you from excessive stress.

To prevent your knees from crunching, you need to protect them from hypothermia. Treat concomitant diseases in a timely manner. If you notice that your knees began to ache, immediately apply therapeutic measures – exercise therapy, massage, compresses. Do not wait for the pain to become more pronounced. Watch your health and take treatment in a timely manner. And then the body will answer you with strength and well-being!

Video: how to alkalize the body and remove crunch in the knees

Treatment of crunching and knee pain during flexion and extension

Many people, even completely healthy, sometimes heard a crunch in their lap when flexing or flexing, but not everyone understands that sometimes this symptom requires treatment. Its causes may be physiological and pathological in nature. And if the former do not pose a threat to health, the latter signal a number of serious diseases.

The physiological causes of crunching

When the knee crunches in the absence of pain, the reason may be hidden in the physiological features of its work. Gradually, in the process of flexion and extension, the joint bag limiting the joint can stretch and increase. Gas bubbles begin to form in the lubricant filling it. With bending movements of the knee, they burst. There is a loud crunch that resembles a click.

In addition, physiological crunch can be observed in the following cases:

  1. In the process of flexion and extension of the joint in an uncomfortable position, when the articular protrusions are in contact.
  2. When stretching the periarticular ligaments. It can occur due to a long stay of the knee in an extended position.
  3. In a child due to hypermobility of bones or an unformed skeleton.

Physiological crunch in the knee joint is not considered an injury or deviation in the joint.

Also read another article on psychosomatics.

Cracking in the knees of a pathological nature

It is most often possible to determine on your own that the joint crunches and hurts the knee during flexion due to the presence of any pathology, since the following symptoms are present:

  • the knee hurts, causing severe discomfort;
  • there is swelling, swelling near the joint;
  • limited joint mobility;
  • redness of the knee.

Crunching in the knees during flexion and extension requires treatment if it is of a pathological nature, most often characterized by a muffled, soft sound.

Important! If you have these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Many adverse factors can lead to disorders in the joints. As a result of the influence of these factors, certain changes occur in them, due to which joint disease develops and a crunch appears in the knee during extension. These factors include:

  • high physical exertion;
  • excess weight;
  • endocrine system diseases, for example, diabetes mellitus;
  • Wearing high-heeled shoes.

In addition, a sedentary lifestyle and even an improper diet, namely an abundance of salty and sweet food, can lead to pathology.

Injuries

Pain and crunching in the knees during bending can cause damage to elements such as:

The joints crackle and snap in these cases due to the uneven load on them.

What joint pathologies are accompanied by a crunch?

If the knee began to crackle and it is difficult for him to bend and unbend, but injuries are excluded, then most likely the cause is inflammation or other pathological processes in the intraarticular environment.

Arthritis

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joint tissue, which entails changes in the structure of cartilage and the accumulation of inflammatory exudate. There are several types of joint inflammation, the most common are rheumatoid and gouty arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis

The exact causes of its occurrence have not yet been fully studied, but it is known that it is closely interconnected with the immune system and impaired functioning. This disease is characterized by chronic inflammation of the joint and its synovial membrane.

For reference! According to statistics, among one hundred patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 60 patients are women. And he can hit both in adulthood and in old age.

In the initial stages of arthritis, there is practically no discomfort in the knee joint, in the later stages, flexion and extensor movements are almost impossible to perform.

Gouty arthritis

It is characterized by the accumulation of calcium and uric acid crystals on the joint surface, which is associated with their excessive formation or improper excretion from the body. Often the causes are the following phenomena:

  • diseases of the genitourinary system or organs of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • trauma;
  • avitaminosis.

Often the disease occurs in old age. Gout is accompanied by the appearance of tofus on the skin – uric acid crystals accumulate under the skin.

Arthrosis

This is a joint lesion, which is characterized by such phenomena:

  • thinning of the cartilage, dividing it into fibers;
  • an increase in bone processes;
  • reduction in synovial fluid formation.

In old age, arthrosis is attributed to physiological phenomena, and its appearance is associated with a decrease in the amount of protein in the cartilage tissue. In youth, arthrosis can occur due to phenomena such as increased load on the knees (for example, hard physical work) or obesity.

Important! A joint affected by arthrosis is poorly restored, and in the later stages its complete destruction is possible. Therefore, you can not let the disease drift.

Knee Hypermobility Syndrome

This disease is characterized by increased flexibility and excessive mobility of the knee joint. Crunching in the knee is one of the main symptoms of this syndrome. Most often, this pathology arises as a result of genetic disorders, but can also develop due to inflammation in the joint or some disorders in the body (neurological, hormonal).

Incorrect calcium phosphorus metabolism

Calcium and phosphorus are those elements whose deficiency or excess always affects the condition of the bones. The following signs are considered the main signs of improper calcium-phosphorus metabolism:

  • crunch;
  • poor joint mobility;
  • painful sensations;
  • joint deformation.

This pathology develops due to some congenital disorders, as well as malnutrition.

Bursitis

This is called inflammation of the joint bag. A characteristic crisp sound in the joint arises as a result of this inflammation. The causes of its development are most often injuries or severe physical exertion.

What to do when a lap crunch appears?

Why do knees crunch, and what if it stops stretching? The following specialists are studying the causes of crunch in joints:

Therefore, if the knee begins to crunch, you need to visit these specialists first. Based on the results of examination and research, appropriate treatment is prescribed. Of course, it is not necessary to run to the doctor every time, if suddenly the knee is cracked, but you should not attach importance to the unpleasant symptoms that have arisen. How to treat a knee joint if it hurts and crunches, especially bent?

If the characteristic sounds during flexion are not accompanied by pain and are not a consequence of joint disease, then you can try to get rid of them yourself.

Physiotherapy

It is necessary to regularly carry out warm-ups and extensor movements for the knees so that the joint does not cause discomfort during flexion and extension. Elementary morning exercises that are useful to supplement with exercises such as:

Gymnastics should not be done for long, 10-15 minutes is enough. But regularity is a prerequisite.

For reference! Especially good as a warm-up for knees is swimming and water procedures. They are almost always prescribed for patients with diseased joints.

With crunching and discomfort in the knees, you can use ointment with snake or bee venom. It must be applied to the joint area and rub. Then massage your leg for several minutes and wrap it with a warm scarf for half an hour.

Important! After applying such an ointment, you need to wash your hands well. In large quantities, the ointment causes severe irritation. Also, it should not be allowed to get on the mucous membranes.

Compresses

Compresses, such as dairy, will have a positive effect on the knee. You need to mix a few tablespoons of wheat bran with milk until a thick mass is obtained. Put it on your knee, insulate with plastic wrap and a towel and leave for half an hour.

Thanks to the regular use of such compresses, the knees will become less crunchy and the discomfort will pass.

Baths

In the evening, before going to bed, warm baths will be useful for joints. You can just keep your feet in warm water to relax, or you can add a few drops of essential oils, such as eucalyptus.

Important! All ointments, compresses and other means must be approved by the attending physician. Although they are considered folk remedies, the doctor must confirm the absence of contraindications to their use.

Clinical Therapy

The attending physician may prescribe the following therapeutic methods:

  1. Physiotherapy. This includes warming and ultrasound. In addition, magnetic therapy or electrophoresis may be prescribed.
  2. Various non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that relieve inflammation and reduce pain.
  3. Chondoprotective drugs that feed the tissue of cartilage and slow down the degenerative processes in it.
  4. Massage.
  5. Alternative methods (acupuncture, banks, etc.).

Various vitamin and mineral complexes with phosphorus and calcium are also often prescribed.

Read about red spots on the legs here.

Knee Crunch Prevention

Preventing the onset of the disease is always easier than treating it. Therefore, it is very important to adhere to preventive recommendations. Such types of loads as:

Long running and jerking should be avoided.

Why do I need to adjust my diet? It is necessary to exclude too salty and spicy food, be wary of sweets. Include more dairy and sour-milk products, as well as seafood in the diet. It is also necessary to remember that overweight has a negative effect on the blood circulation of the body, and this is the reason for the occurrence of stagnation in the joint tissues.

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Crunching knees when bending and flexing

Pain and crunch in the knees during flexion and extension indicates any articular disturbance or the development of an inflammatory or degenerative-dystrophic disease. Sometimes similar symptoms develop after an injury, severe bruising, or knee dislocation. Therefore, if your knees constantly crack when walking, you should consult a doctor, undergo a full diagnosis and find out what kind of disease provoked this condition.

Why are these symptoms worrying?

Physiological factors

The knee joint is a complex joint. This structure is due to the high load exerted on the knees during movement. A crunch in the knees does not always indicate any pathology. Often such symptoms occur for physiological reasons. In this situation, during the load, the person is not hurt, he hears only crackling.

Common causes of physiological crunch:

  • accumulation of gas bubbles in the synovial fluid of the knee joint;
  • the location of the limb when moving in an atypical position;
  • prolonged stay in one position;
  • sharp movements of the legs.

Often crunching in the knee during flexion-extension worries adolescents during the period of active growth. This is due to the uneven growth and development of articular and periarticular structures. This condition is also physiological, not requiring special treatment. When a teenager grows up, clicking will disappear on its own.

Pathological causes

Despite the specific structure and endurance of the knee joints, this part of the skeleton is no less prone to developing dangerous joint disorders. In addition to clicking on the knee during flexion-extension, a person complains that the joints are very sore, crepitus appears, the leg aches, swells, and its usual functional mobility is disturbed. These symptoms occur with the progression of such common disorders:

  • Arthrosis A disease of a degenerative-dystrophic nature, during the progression of which the articular cartilages become thinner and damaged. A patient’s knee crunches constantly while walking, his leg hurts when flexing and flexing, and pronounced swelling appears.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis. Pathology of infectious and inflammatory etiology, characterized by inflammation and degenerative changes in the joint structures. As arthritis progresses, the patient notices that the knee is reddened and swollen, the joint is very painful when bent, and when climbing the stairs or during normal walking, it constantly bursts.
  • Gout. Dangerous disease resulting from metabolic disorders in the body. Because of this, uric acid salts accumulate in the joints, including the knees. They with their sharp edges irritate and damage the soft inter-articular structures. The patient is disturbed by pain in the knee joint and a crunch, the temperature rises locally.
  • Osteoporosis. The main cause of the disease is a violation of the body’s absorption of calcium. If the problem is not treated in a timely manner, the bone tissues gradually become thinner, their structure becomes pathologically porous. The joints constantly creak in a person, but there is no strong pain syndrome.

Other reasons

Clicks and cracking in the knee are disturbing if one or more of these conditions are observed in men or women:

  • elderly age;
  • genetic predisposition to articular disorders;
  • endocrine or hormonal disruptions;
  • deficiency of vitamins and elements necessary for the body;
  • increased physical activity;
  • sprain or rupture of the knees;
  • unbalanced nutrition;
  • obesity;
  • systemic diseases.

Concomitant symptoms

If clicks in the knee joint during extension and flexion are accompanied by such symptoms, delaying a visit to the doctor is dangerous:

The doctor should seem if additionally worried about severe pain in the joint.

  • severe pain that does not go away after rest and reducing the load on the joint;
  • the formation of edema, local redness and an increase in skin temperature around the joint;
  • crepitus, which gradually becomes pronounced;
  • impaired mobility of the limb;
  • discomfort when squatting, spinning and trying to maximize leg extension.

Methods of diagnosis

If a person’s knees hurt and crunch, and the condition does not normalize after taking sparing measures, it is urgent to make an appointment with an orthopedist. The doctor will conduct an initial examination, palpation. If the knee is really damaged, the doctor will give directions for such diagnostic procedures:

  • radiological diagnosis;
  • Ultrasound of the knee;
  • CT or MRI;
  • arthroscopy;
  • general analysis of blood, urine;
  • rheumatic tests.

How to cure a problem?

Effective drugs

Pain, swelling and crunching in the knee caused by joint diseases must be treated comprehensively. If the disease is not started, and the inter-articular structures are not badly damaged, the doctor will prescribe drugs for the treatment of clicks and normalization of knee functioning. The treatment regimen includes the following groups of drugs:

    Nonstero >Additionally, Capsicam ointment can be used externally.

To maintain immunity and accelerate recovery, a vitamin-mineral complex is required, where vitamins A, C, D, group B must be present, as well as elements of potassium, calcium, phosphorus. Often, external agents are used, this is an ointment and gel with a warming and analgesic effect. Well-proven drugs:

If pain, crunching and clicking is provoked by articular or other diseases, individual drug therapy is prescribed separately, aimed at eliminating the root cause of the violation of the condition and functioning of the joint.

Exercises

Therapeutic gymnastics is necessarily included in the complex of conservative therapy. All exercises are selected by the doctor individually, they need to be done regularly, without missing a single day. If the knee is severely sore and crunches when bent, training is carried out sitting or lying down. When the condition normalizes, the load, as agreed with the doctor, increases. For the prevention of diseases of the knee joints, it is useful to do the following exercises:

Walking on the heels will help prevent articular pathology.

  • bend-unbend the limb in the knee, while keeping the foot on weight;
  • rotate the limb bent at the knee behind and counterclockwise;
  • raise and lower smooth limbs;
  • walk barefoot on a rough surface, first on toes, then on the lateral outer and inner sides of the foot, and at the end – on the heels.

Diet Features

Food should be balanced. For pathologies affecting the joint structures, it is useful to include such products in the menu:

  • fresh fruits, vegetables, greens;
  • milk and sour-milk drinks;
  • hard cheese, cottage cheese;
  • jellied meat and bone broth;
  • eggs;
  • nuts, dried fruits, honey;
  • seafood;
  • lean meat and fish.

How massage will help?

Manual massage procedures are prescribed during the period when the expressed symptoms cease to bother and the condition normalizes. Massage of the knees is often performed using special creams and gels, which, penetrating through the skin into the tissues of the joint, contribute to their regeneration and recovery. The procedure is recommended to be carried out in a medical institution, as unprofessional massage can cause complications.

Treatment with folk remedies

Self-medication for any articular pathology is prohibited. This means that if the patient wants to use non-traditional methods, first he needs to visit a doctor and consult about the appropriateness of such therapy. If the doctor does not mind, you can use such folk medicines:

  • decoction of fir cones for internal use;
  • tincture on propolis and St. John’s wort for compresses and applications;
  • honey-garlic ointment to lubricate the affected joint.

The need for surgical treatment

If conservative therapy has not brought proper results, surgical treatment is prescribed. To eliminate the damaged areas with a slight destruction of the knee joint, minimally invasive arthroscopy is prescribed. If the joint cannot be restored, an endoprosthesis replacement is performed, in which the damaged joint is replaced by an artificial endoprosthesis. Both operations require rehabilitation.

What to do to prevent pathology?

If a person only crunched or clicked in his knee, this does not mean that the joint is affected by any disease. However, with constant and severe symptoms, you should be wary. It is important to timely treat the diseases under the influence of which the knee clicks, eat properly, control weight, connect physical activity, do not overcool, lead a healthy lifestyle, and do not self-medicate.

Clicks the knee when bending and flexing

If during walking you hear a crunch in the knees during flexion and extension, and when you crouch, it hurts, there is cracking and clicking, do not postpone the visit to the doctor. Often, such symptoms indicate a progression of degenerative pathologies in the structures of the knee joints, which is important to eliminate in a timely manner to prevent the development of complications.

The main causes of crunching in the knees during flexion and extension

Knee joints are considered one of the largest and strongest joints in the structure of the musculoskeletal system of a person. In a normal state, clicks and pain in the knee should be absent, while the movements of the legs are performed smoothly without suspicious sounds and discomfort. But if the pain is disturbing, it constantly clicks in the knee joint during flexion and extension, crepitus is constantly observed, it is important to find out why such signs arose.

There are such common causes, due to which, when moving, it crunches and hurts in the knees:

  • Arthrosis Discomfort during flexion and extension occurs due to deformation and destruction of cartilage structures. In the initial stages, symptoms are disturbing with increased loads, but as the pathology progresses, the symptoms worsen. The knee is very swollen and aching even at rest. If timely treatment is not started, the patient will become disabled.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis. Chronic infectious disease in which degenerative changes are observed in the joint, leading to disruption of its functioning. The skin around the knee joint becomes hot, sharp pain disturbs, and when walking, the joint jerks and clicks.
  • Gout. Crunch in the knee joint occurs due to the accumulation of salts of uric acid in the joint tissues, which causes gouty arthritis in a person.
  • Osteoporosis. If calcium metabolism is disturbed in the body under the influence of negative factors, the bone structures become thinner and become porous. With this disease, the knees crackle, but do not hurt, especially when the squatting and bending of the limb is cracked.

Other root causes

Pain and crunch in the knee can be the result of damage to the meniscus after an injury. Inflammatory bursitis can provoke severe discomfort in the knee. If bone growths-osteophytes form in the knee joints, when the joints move, they crack and hurt, in the advanced stages the functioning of the limbs is completely disrupted. Another reason is joint hypermobility. This is a hereditary pathology in which the ligaments and tendons do not hold the joint in a normal position. The disease also occurs due to inflammation and neurological disorders. When moving, the joints hurt and creak.

To remove a crunch in the knees, it is important to first cure the disease that triggered the disorder. To do this, you need to contact a specialist and find out the exact diagnosis.

Why is physiological crunching manifested?

Crunching and clicking in the knee during extension and flexion does not always mean the development of dangerous pathologies. Often this indicates physiological phenomena that do not require treatment. Often, symptoms result from a sprain or contraction of the ligaments. Gas bubbles formed in the joint fluid also provoke a crack, which is more like clicking. If the knees crackle, but do not hurt, this is probably due to the uncomfortable position of the limb, in which the articular protrusions touch each other, creating characteristic sounds.

Crunch after prosthetics

In the first months after the installation of the endoprosthesis, a person will hear how his knees creak when climbing stairs, walking, and squats. This is not considered a deviation, as the body gets used to the foreign body. Even slight pains in the knee area are possible, however, over time, the discomfort goes away. But when the rehabilitation is over, and the symptom remains, fraying or improper installation of the structure is possible.

Causes of Crunch in Teens

Clicks in the knee often occur in adolescent children. This is not considered a pathology, because it is associated with the uneven growth of bone, muscle and ligamentous structures of the skeleton. In this case, gas bubbles form in the joint fluid, which collapse during movement and cause clicks and cracking. But as they grow older, the condition normalizes and the person will not be bothered by such symptoms. Anxiety should be caused by situations when the knee joints are sore and click during flexion and extension. To find out the cause of such a violation, you need to urgently consult a doctor.

Diagnostics

To determine why knees crack during flexion and extension, you must make an appointment with an orthopedist. After the initial examination and medical history, the patient is given a direction to undergo a series of diagnostic procedures, with which it will be possible to establish an accurate diagnosis. For laboratory testing, you need to pass a blood sample for the presence of rheumatoid factor. Instrumental diagnostics is also carried out using such methods:

What treatment is prescribed?

Preparations

Crunch and knee pain will help eliminate medications that are selected by the doctor strictly on an individual basis. During drug therapy, it is important to reduce the load on the joint, to immobilize it using an orthosis. For treatment, the following groups of drugs are used:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory. Used tablets, injections, ointment. Effectively relieve inflammation, pain symptoms, swelling:
    • Ibuprofen;
    • “Nimesil”;
    • Diclofenac;
    • Niz.
  • Corticosteroids. They are injected directly into the affected joint. Quickly relieve inflammation:
    • “Hydrocortisone”;
    • “Prednisolone”;
    • “Triamcinolone”.
  • Antipodragic. Promote the rapid excretion of uric acid salts from the body, stimulate metabolic processes:
    • Allopurinol;
    • Colchicine.
  • Chondroprotectors. Restore the destroyed cartilaginous structures, prevent their further destruction:
    • “Glucosamine”;
    • Chondroitin.

What to do with food?

If a person has crunchy and sore joints, it is important to adjust the diet and exclude products from it that have a negative effect on the body and contribute to weight gain. For obesity, it is recommended to completely remove sweets, pastries, white bread, smoked meats, animal fats from the menu. To restore cartilage, it is useful to use jellied meat, jelly, meat and bone broths. If gout is diagnosed, protein foods are primarily excluded:

Allowed for moderate use:

  • hard cheese and cottage cheese;
  • mushrooms;
  • eggs;
  • beans;
  • cauliflower.

When diagnosed with osteoporosis, the diet consists mainly of calcium-containing foods and foods, for example, such:

  • meat and fish;
  • seafood;
  • dairy and dairy products;
  • nuts;
  • hard cheeses.

Therapeutic exercises

When knees crunch, gymnastics is indispensable. In order for the training to bring the proper effect, it is important to exercise regularly, without missing a single day. A correctly selected course of exercise therapy helps to restore and prevent further joint deformation. The following basic exercises are recommended:

  • Lying on the surface to raise legs, then bend at the knees, straighten and lower.
  • Bending-unbending limbs in the joints, perform sliding movements with your legs, without taking your feet off the surface.
  • While sitting, imitate cycling.
  • Leaning on the back of a chair, slowly squat.

If the knee is very swollen and sore, it is necessary to refuse training and immediately inform the doctor about the deterioration.

Other methods

With degenerative processes in the cartilage, muscles and ligaments of the knee joint, a course of physiotherapeutic treatment is prescribed. Thanks to this technique, it will be possible to suspend deformation processes and improve the functioning of the joint. It is useful to complete full courses of such physiotherapy:

Acupuncture can be improved by acupuncture.

  • electrophoresis;
  • magnetotherapy;
  • laser therapy;
  • phonophoresis;
  • ozokerite and paraffin baths;
  • acupuncture.

Together with physiotherapeutic procedures, it is recommended to enroll in a course of manual massage. After the procedures, blood supply and nutrition of the affected joint structures are normalized. Manipulations include circular palm strokes, pressing and tapping the fingertips. Self-massage can be done at home, additionally rubbing pharmacy ointments with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.

Folk remedies

Alternative therapy does not affect the cause of crunching and soreness in the knees, but if the methods are used correctly, it will be possible to reduce the accompanying symptoms and speed up recovery. Such remedies will help to remove inflammation, swelling and pain:

  • pepper tincture;
  • ointment with propolis and butter;
  • compress with leaves of cabbage or horseradish;
  • grinding based on herbal extract of St. John’s wort.

Prevention

If a person has clicked or cracked once in the knee, this is not a dangerous sign. However, when the symptoms are pronounced and worried all the time, you need to pay attention to this and visit a doctor. To prevent the progression of articular pathologies, it is important not to get cold, eat right, exercise, drink enough fluids, and give up bad habits. With suspicious signs, do not self-medicate, but go to the doctor.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.

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