Polyarthritis of the foot symptoms and treatment photo

Polyarthritis is a pathological process consisting in inflammation of several (two or more) joints at the same time. In this case, the process mainly affects the joints of the lower extremities, since they have the highest load. Therefore, more than half of cases of polyarthritis are precisely polyarthritis of the legs.

Causes

Polyarthritis of the legs can be caused by:

  1. Some systemic diseases affecting the connective tissue;
  2. Purulent infectious process;
  3. Leg injuries;
  4. Infectious diseases of other parts of the body;
  5. Negative environmental factors – low temperature, high humidity.

Pathogenesis

Due to the above reasons, synovitis occurs (inflammation of the synovial membrane, which lines the joint cavity from the inside). First, the volume of this liquid and its composition change. After this, the nutrition of the cartilage of the joints is disturbed, as a result, their structure and functions are violated.

The mechanisms of inflammation may vary slightly in different cases. The most common causes of leg polyarthritis are rheumatoid arthritis and rheumatism. These diseases belong to the so-called. collagenoses, their course largely coincides, but there are differences. Collagenoses are accompanied by the formation of a pathological immune response, when the immune system, trying to kill the antigens of pathogenic microorganisms, damages its own connective tissue of the articular cartilage, as well as the synovial membranes.

They are able to penetrate into the joint structure directly from the nearest areas in case of osteomyelitis or are delivered by blood from other areas affected by suppuration, if sepsis occurs. Infectious lesions of organs such as the kidneys, lungs, and bladder can be the cause of reactive polyarthritis. But in the latter case, pathogenic microorganisms are absent in the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis (a form of polyarthritis) is caused by an immune response to a microbial pathogen that enters the body.

Due to injuries, which consist in mechanical damage to the joints, there is a violation of blood circulation in the capsules of the joints, the development of local edema, the inflammatory process. A similar picture occurs in the case of a number of occupational diseases arising from constant hypothermia.

Symptoms

The main manifestations of polyarthritis of the legs:

  • Joint pain that aggravates during movement;
  • Swelling caused by fluid in the joints and edema;
  • Redness of the skin located above the diseased joint;
  • An increase in temperature can be local (in the affected joints) and general – throughout the body;
  • Decreased joint mobility.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis methods for polyarthritis:

  1. Blood, synovial fluid, and urine tests
  2. Ultrasound of the joints;
  3. X-ray of the joints;
  4. MRI;
  5. CT scan;
  6. Arthroscopy

In case of suspected rheumatoid causes of the disease, a rheumatoid test is performed. If it is necessary to clarify the diagnosis, the patient is referred for additional consultations with such specialists as an otolaryngologist or endocrinologist.

Treatment

Of the drugs for leg polyarthritis, 3 categories of drugs are used – NSAIDs, glucocorticosteroid hormones, and vitamin preparations.

Before prescribing an antibiotic, a test is performed on the sensitivity of bacteria to it. In the allergic form of polyarthritis, antihistamines are used. The gouty form involves the use of medications that excrete uric acid salts. In rheumatoid arthritis, immunosuppressants are used that suppress autoimmune reactions, as a result of which tissues are destroyed.

Of the physiotherapeutic procedures for polyarthritis are used:

  • Laser therapy, electrophoresis, magnetotherapy;
  • Bathtubs with extracts from plants, essential oils, minerals;
  • Procedures with paraffin, mud, ozokerite and black wax.

Some physiotherapy devices can be purchased for home use to eliminate the need to visit a health facility often. As a result of their use, inflammation decreases, tissue nutrition improves, and capillary circulation increases.

Massage is performed after how to eliminate acute inflammation, reduce the intensity of pain and achieve the elimination of edema. The joint and nearby tissues are massaged with light movements. Circular, linear and spiral movements of the palms and fingers are performed. Spanking and tweaking can aggravate pain, therefore, they can be resorted to only during remission.

Physiotherapy exercises are prescribed at each stage of the disease to maintain joint function. All exercises are consistent with your doctor. The affected joint is developed using movements in different directions and circular rotations. The flexion angles are regulated by the patient himself, since joint pain is unacceptable during gymnastics. To reduce the load on the legs, exercises are performed in a sitting or lying position.

Low-fat meats, raw berries, fruit and vegetable salads are recommended. However, the exclusion of citrus fruits is necessary, as they can lead to allergies. Unwanted pasta, canned foods, fried foods, alcoholic drinks and pastries.

Symptoms and treatment of leg polyarthritis

Polyarthritis of the legs occurs most often due to the fact that the lower limbs carry the greatest functional load. This is a disease in which inflammation of several joints occurs immediately or sequentially. The main cause of polyarthritis is inflammation of the joint tissue, in which there are many blood vessels and nerve endings.

Symptoms of the disease

Joint degeneration, manifested by pain, swelling, change in shape and even ossification, is the basis of this pathology. Healthy cartilage is sufficiently dense, the bones glide freely along each other, the energy from shock during movement is softened. In case of polyarthritis, the cartilage becomes thin, the friction of the bones against each other causes pain, the joints become hard and swollen.

With the further course of the disease, the joint is deformed: small bone growths – bone spurs – form in it. Pieces of cartilage tissue, breaking off, while remaining in the space of the joint, cause unbearable pain, violate its inherent functions.

Polyarthritis of the legs manifests itself with symptoms such as:

  • soreness;
  • swelling of the joint;
  • redness;
  • restriction of movement;
  • redness of the skin;
  • increase in general temperature;
  • the skin is hotter than the surrounding tissues

Do not ignore these signs and treat the disease yourself, otherwise there is a risk of the transition of the acute form of the disease to chronic.

Causes of Polyarthritis

The risk of the disease increases if there is a burden of heredity, that is, polyarthritis is genetically determined and often affects relatives. There are other reasons for the appearance:

    Immunity is the cause of almost half the cases of this disease and its form such as rheumato >The manifestations of the symptoms of polyarthritis of the legs and the causes of its occurrence are so varied that only a doctor (arthrologist, orthopedist, physiotherapist) can prescribe a qualified treatment. Possible diagnostic methods:

  • X-ray of the affected joint in two projections;
  • CT scan;
  • thermography examining changes in heat transfer;
  • laboratory studies of synovial fluid, its cellular composition.

Most likely, the doctor will prescribe painkillers and non-steroidal drugs to reduce pain and signs of inflammation. It is worthwhile to carefully consider their dosage – excess often leads to gastrointestinal problems.

The use of chondroprotectors is effective for the restoration of cartilage tissue, its synthesis, stopping destruction and degeneration of joints. Their side effects are minimal, tolerance while observing the dosage is very good.

The natural substance glucosamine, obtained from the shells of marine crustaceans, supplies the body with substances that restore damaged cartilage. Joint wear is reduced, pain and joint mobility disappear. It is very effective in the treatment of knee polyarthritis, there are no side effects on the gastrointestinal tract such as inflammation, the appearance of ulcers on the mucous membrane.

Perhaps the doctor will suggest losing weight, referring to a nutritionist to develop a weight loss strategy. Keeping the weight normal, you can reduce the load on the joints, relieve pain. And surely the specialist will advise in addition to master and apply the complex of medical gymnastics. A well-balanced daily physical activity will restore flexibility and mobility to muscles and joints.

Most exercises are performed while lying down. They include flexion and extension of the legs, their abduction, raising and lowering in the supine position. Learning exercises, load correction is best done under the supervision of a physiotherapy specialist.

Measures for correction and prevention

You can significantly alleviate the symptoms of this disease if you make some changes to your lifestyle.

An additional intake of vitamins E and D. The progression of polyarthritis is reduced when taking multivitamin complexes with mineral supplements. Vitamin E at a dose of up to 3 mg can reduce pain no worse than aspirin and ibuprofen.

Walking lessons. Paradoxically, in people with osteoarthritis of the knee, moderate walking on flat terrain in properly selected shoes helps to reduce pain. This effect is achieved due to the fact that the muscles warm up, become more flexible, which alleviates pain. Recommended load – slow walks with a gradual increase in speed 3-5 times a week for 30 minutes.

The exclusion of refined foods from your diet: fats and oils, rice, sugar, white flour – all this is prohibited. Tomatoes, peppers, boiled potatoes also go into the category of prohibited.

Salt-free diet. It is in this case that the joke about the “white death” is very close to the truth.

Balanced diet. In the first place among useful and simply necessary products is fish, especially marine. Omega-3 fatty acids have a moderate anti-inflammatory effect, reduce the level of prostaglandins that cause inflammation. Mackerel and salmon, tuna and sardine should be included in the menu at least 2-3 times a week. Carrots, oranges, bananas, dried apricots, apples, rose hips, currants should be on the table daily.

Positive psychological attitude. Optimists carry diseases easier, recover faster than pessimists. In addition, adherents of neuro-linguistic programming are advised to review the character traits that led to the disease. Most often this is inflexible inert thinking, the desire to see reality in gloomy colors. Whether to take this into account, everyone decides for himself.

Traditional methods of treatment

There are a huge number of them, but it’s worth using folk methods only as an addition to the main treatment, not replacing it. Herbal infusions and decoctions are especially popular:

  1. Broth 2 tsp lingonberry leaf on 1 tbsp. water for 15 minutes with daily use will help with pain and inflammation.
  2. An infusion of birch buds in vodka or alcohol in an amount of 40 drops daily will help reduce pain symptoms. The same infusion can rub the diseased joints.
  3. Infusion of 10 g of dried flowers of pharmacy chamomile in a glass of boiling water for 30 minutes should be taken 1 tbsp. 3-4 times a day.
  4. Raw potatoes can be applied to the skin in the area where the swelling and pain occur.

Polyarthritis of the joints of the legs is a very serious disease. It constantly progresses and significantly reduces the quality of life, and in the end can lead to irreversible deformation of the joints.

The easiest way to treat arthritis is when the symptoms only appear and the course of the disease has not affected the structure and function of the joints.

Symptoms and treatment of leg polyarthritis

Polyarthritis of the legs occurs most often due to the fact that the lower limbs carry the greatest functional load. This is a disease in which inflammation of several joints occurs immediately or sequentially. The main cause of polyarthritis is inflammation of the joint tissue, in which there are many blood vessels and nerve endings.

Symptoms of the disease

Joint degeneration, manifested by pain, swelling, change in shape and even ossification, is the basis of this pathology. Healthy cartilage is sufficiently dense, the bones glide freely along each other, the energy from shock during movement is softened. In case of polyarthritis, the cartilage becomes thin, the friction of the bones against each other causes pain, the joints become hard and swollen.

With the further course of the disease, the joint is deformed: small bone growths – bone spurs – form in it. Pieces of cartilage tissue, breaking off, while remaining in the space of the joint, cause unbearable pain, violate its inherent functions.

Polyarthritis of the legs manifests itself with symptoms such as:

  • soreness;
  • swelling of the joint;
  • redness;
  • restriction of movement;
  • redness of the skin;
  • increase in general temperature;
  • the skin is hotter than the surrounding tissues

Do not ignore these signs and treat the disease yourself, otherwise there is a risk of the transition of the acute form of the disease to chronic.

Causes of Polyarthritis

The risk of the disease increases if there is a burden of heredity, that is, polyarthritis is genetically determined and often affects relatives. There are other reasons for the appearance:

    Immunity is the cause of almost half the cases of this disease and its form such as rheumato >The manifestations of the symptoms of polyarthritis of the legs and the causes of its occurrence are so varied that only a doctor (arthrologist, orthopedist, physiotherapist) can prescribe a qualified treatment. Possible diagnostic methods:

  • X-ray of the affected joint in two projections;
  • CT scan;
  • thermography examining changes in heat transfer;
  • laboratory studies of synovial fluid, its cellular composition.

Most likely, the doctor will prescribe painkillers and non-steroidal drugs to reduce pain and signs of inflammation. It is worthwhile to carefully consider their dosage – excess often leads to gastrointestinal problems.

The use of chondroprotectors is effective for the restoration of cartilage tissue, its synthesis, stopping destruction and degeneration of joints. Their side effects are minimal, tolerance while observing the dosage is very good.

The natural substance glucosamine, obtained from the shells of marine crustaceans, supplies the body with substances that restore damaged cartilage. Joint wear is reduced, pain and joint mobility disappear. It is very effective in the treatment of knee polyarthritis, there are no side effects on the gastrointestinal tract such as inflammation, the appearance of ulcers on the mucous membrane.

Perhaps the doctor will suggest losing weight, referring to a nutritionist to develop a weight loss strategy. Keeping the weight normal, you can reduce the load on the joints, relieve pain. And surely the specialist will advise in addition to master and apply the complex of medical gymnastics. A well-balanced daily physical activity will restore flexibility and mobility to muscles and joints.

Most exercises are performed while lying down. They include flexion and extension of the legs, their abduction, raising and lowering in the supine position. Learning exercises, load correction is best done under the supervision of a physiotherapy specialist.

Measures for correction and prevention

You can significantly alleviate the symptoms of this disease if you make some changes to your lifestyle.

An additional intake of vitamins E and D. The progression of polyarthritis is reduced when taking multivitamin complexes with mineral supplements. Vitamin E at a dose of up to 3 mg can reduce pain no worse than aspirin and ibuprofen.

Walking lessons. Paradoxically, in people with osteoarthritis of the knee, moderate walking on flat terrain in properly selected shoes helps to reduce pain. This effect is achieved due to the fact that the muscles warm up, become more flexible, which alleviates pain. Recommended load – slow walks with a gradual increase in speed 3-5 times a week for 30 minutes.

The exclusion of refined foods from your diet: fats and oils, rice, sugar, white flour – all this is prohibited. Tomatoes, peppers, boiled potatoes also go into the category of prohibited.

Salt-free diet. It is in this case that the joke about the “white death” is very close to the truth.

Balanced diet. In the first place among useful and simply necessary products is fish, especially marine. Omega-3 fatty acids have a moderate anti-inflammatory effect, reduce the level of prostaglandins that cause inflammation. Mackerel and salmon, tuna and sardine should be included in the menu at least 2-3 times a week. Carrots, oranges, bananas, dried apricots, apples, rose hips, currants should be on the table daily.

Positive psychological attitude. Optimists carry diseases easier, recover faster than pessimists. In addition, adherents of neuro-linguistic programming are advised to review the character traits that led to the disease. Most often this is inflexible inert thinking, the desire to see reality in gloomy colors. Whether to take this into account, everyone decides for himself.

Traditional methods of treatment

There are a huge number of them, but it’s worth using folk methods only as an addition to the main treatment, not replacing it. Herbal infusions and decoctions are especially popular:

  1. Broth 2 tsp lingonberry leaf on 1 tbsp. water for 15 minutes with daily use will help with pain and inflammation.
  2. An infusion of birch buds in vodka or alcohol in an amount of 40 drops daily will help reduce pain symptoms. The same infusion can rub the diseased joints.
  3. Infusion of 10 g of dried flowers of pharmacy chamomile in a glass of boiling water for 30 minutes should be taken 1 tbsp. 3-4 times a day.
  4. Raw potatoes can be applied to the skin in the area where the swelling and pain occur.

Polyarthritis of the joints of the legs is a very serious disease. It constantly progresses and significantly reduces the quality of life, and in the end can lead to irreversible deformation of the joints.

The easiest way to treat arthritis is when the symptoms only appear and the course of the disease has not affected the structure and function of the joints.

Polyarthritis: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment methods + Photo

What is polyarthritis? Polyarthritis is an inflammation of several joints that occurs as a result of an injury or an infection process in the joint, during which an accumulation of exudative fluid or pus occurs.

What are the main symptoms? How to treat him? Many people are familiar with the disease arthritis, but not everyone knows about its type – polyarthritis.

This pathology occurs quite often, causing great discomfort. It is quite difficult to treat polyarthritis, it will take a lot of time and effort to forget about pathology forever.

Types of Polyarthritis

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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According to the shape of the flow

  • – acute, occurring for the first time;
  • – subacute;
  • – chronic.

According to the pathogen and flow mechanism

Rheumatoid

It is rarely caused by infection, but with the development of this type of polyarthritis, chronic damage to several joints occurs. In addition, rheumatoid polyarthritis can affect other organs, in view of this it is extremely important to diagnose and treat it at an early stage.

There are three stages of the course of the disease:

  1. – there is swelling of the synovial bags, accompanied by an increase in body temperature, swelling and pain in the joint;
  2. – cell division occurs intensely;
  3. – deformation of the joints.
  • – feeling of stiffness after waking up;
  • – a feeling of stiffness in the joints in the second half of the night;
  • – pain in the affected joints;
  • – the disease can begin with any joint, but most often with the fingers or forearm;
  • – feeling of tiredness and weakness;
  • – depressive states;
  • – weight loss;
  • – anemia.

Infectious

  1. brucellosis
  2. gonorrheal
  3. dysenteric,
  4. syphilitic),

With timely treatment, this type of polyarthritis passes as soon as possible.

It occurs in patients who have undergone brucellosis, infection occurs through animals that are carriers of this disease. And also by eating contaminated meat.

  • – flows in the lumbar or sacroiliac joint;
  • – attacks of acute pain;
  • – swelling and swelling in the affected area;
  • – increase in body temperature;
  • – limitation of mobility;
  • – a feeling of weakness;
  • – an increase in the size of the spleen;
  • – neuralgia;
  • – neuritis;
  • – an increase in lymph nodes;
  • – an increase in the liver.

It manifests itself 30 days after a disease has formed in the human body.

  • – a sharp onset of the disease;
  • – severe pain in the joints;
  • – damage to large joints;
  • – body temperature 39 degrees;
  • – feeling of weakness;
  • – weight loss;

Appears in patients with dysentery or in the process of recovery.

  • – increase in body temperature;
  • – increase in ESR;

The remaining symptoms are identical with rheumatoid arthritis.

It occurs in patients with a third stage of syphilis.

  • – the disease proceeds in an acute form;
  • – pain intensifies at night;
  • – the patient feels pain while walking, there are no pain on palpation;
  • – with this type of polyarthritis, large joints are affected;

Crystalline

Occurs due to metabolic disorders in the body. The main reason is the accumulation of salts in the joints;

Psoriatic

It occurs in patients under the age of forty. The disease develops due to psoriatic skin lesions. Typically, this type of polyarthritis appears in the feet.

  • – accompanied by severe pain in the area of ​​damaged joints;
  • – violation of joint mobility;
  • – stiffness in the morning;
  • – a feeling of constant fatigue;
  • – anemia;
  • – inflammation of the tendons.

Reactive

Appears due to the penetration of infection into the body. The focus is in the genitourinary system. Conjunctivitis, polyneuritis, colitis subsequently develops.

  • – fever and chills;
  • – a state of weakness and general malaise;
  • – there is a violation of nail growth;
  • – conjunctivitis;
  • – ulcers.

Diagnosis methods for polyarthritis

To make an accurate diagnosis, a specialist will need to collect an anamnesis and conduct an examination on which the type of polyarthritis is already visible by external signs.

But for a more thorough examination, additional examinations are needed:

  1. – the reaction of Wright and Haddleson;
  2. – Test Burnet;
  3. – tomography;
  4. – The reaction of Berde-Zhangu;
  5. – Wasserman reaction;
  6. – radiography;
  7. – arthrography;
  8. – analysis of blood and joint fluid.

Polyarthritis Treatment

Treatment methods

The treatment method, depending on the type of arthritis, is prescribed by a specialist. Drug treatment consists of taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocortyroids, topical preparations (gels, creams, ointments,), antibacterial drugs, antihistamines, analgesic drugs, as well as antirheumatic drugs.

In addition, resort to physiotherapy:

  • – treated massage;
  • – paraffino – ozocerite applications;
  • – magnetotherapy;
  • – cryotherapy;
  • – physiotherapy;
  • – Ural Federal District.

Traditional medicine in the treatment of polyarthritis

Nettle leaves, horseradish, birch, parsley roots, calendula flowers, put in a pan, pour water and send to a water bath for ten minutes. To receive the tincture, strain and take 0,1 liter half an hour before meals.

Sage leaves, bearberry, calamus roots, put in a container, pour water and keep in a water bath for no more than ten minutes. In the finished broth add one tablespoon of honey. Drink twice a day in a warm form, before meals.

Finely chop the linden flowers, add calendula, elderberry, chestnut seeds, pour boiling water, simmer for 20 minutes. Remove from heat, insist for thirty minutes, take twice a day before meals.

In a dark glass dish, mix nettle juice with alcohol in a 1: 1 ratio. Insist for fourteen days. Take for six months, one tablespoon, once a day., After eating.

Finely chop fresh poplar leaves, buds. Brew and drink three times a day instead of tea. This tool has a pronounced analgesic effect.

Add birch leaves, rose hips, knotweed grass to the pan, pour one liter of water, boil over low heat for twenty minutes, then cool. Add 4-5 tbsp. tablespoons of sea salt, stir, apply the finished mixture to a piece of cotton cloth or gauze and apply in the area of ​​damaged joints. Leave the compress for two hours, then rinse.

Conclusion

Polyarthritis occurs due to various reasons, a specialist can determine the type of disease and prescribe the appropriate treatment after a detailed examination. Do not self-medicate in order to prevent complications.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.

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