Knee Edema Home Treatment

The main cause of swelling in the knee joint is its damage as a result of bruising, falling. In this case, a person can stretch or tear the ligaments, get a bone fracture. The victim’s leg swells quickly, a sharp pain appears in it, which is felt by a person even in a static position. A damaged limb becomes unstable, it is difficult or impossible to step on it, a person loses the ability to move.

Other causes of swelling of the knees may be the following inflammatory processes in them:

  1. Arthritis (a disease affecting the articular cartilage or soft tissues around it and arising from a high load on the knees). A person suffering from arthritis experiences severe pain and heaviness in the lower extremities, moves with difficulty. The affected leg is swollen and becomes spindle-shaped. With rheumatoid arthritis, the pain becomes more intense in the morning, with a septic form of the disease, the leg turns red, the person is in fever.
  2. Bursitis (inflammation of the joint or synovial sac). Pathology is manifested by severe pain when bending the limb.
  3. Tendonitis (an inflammatory process in the knee tendons). In addition to the tumor, he declares himself with sharp pains while running, walking, trying to perform squats.
  4. Gout (deposition of uric acid in the tissues). A person suffering from gout experiences bouts of acute pain in the leg, and the knee not only swells, but also turns red.
  5. Baker’s cyst (increased formation in the cavity of the damaged synovial sac of fluid and its leakage from there to the popliteal fossa). A characteristic sign of the disease is a tumor under the knee, which increases when the leg is extended and decreases when it is bent.
  6. Osteoporosis (bone destruction). Pathology often bothers a person with pain when the weather changes.

Soft tissue tumors can also occur with a displacement of the patella and inflammation of the lymph nodes, causing fluid to accumulate in the popliteal fossa. A blockage (thrombosis) of a large popliteal vessel looks like an edema, but upon palpation the artery pulsates, and a hematoma appears on the skin above it.

First aid

If the tissues above the joint swell as a result of an injury, the victim needs first aid:

  1. First, it is necessary to immobilize the knee by applying a tight bandage or a cotton-gauze bandage on it. If a person fails to move his leg, you can not unbend it. In this case, a bandage should be applied to the bent limb.
  2. To reduce pain in the injured knee, you need to attach ice wrapped in tissue to it. Cold will narrow the vessels through which the blood will run slower and prevent the formation of internal hematomas.

The victim should not step on the injured limb. It is better to wait for the arrival of a doctor who will examine the leg and make a preliminary diagnosis.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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How to remove swelling from the knee joint?

Before the arrival of a specialist, it is possible to alleviate the condition of the victim by smearing the bruised place with anti-inflammatory ointments (Lyoton, Diclofenac). These remedies will reduce knee swelling and relieve pain. In order for the swelling to pass faster, the damaged limb should be slightly raised by placing a blanket or outer clothing under it.


If a person injured his leg, then in the clinic he will be sent for radiography. The picture will help to identify the condition of the knee, the degree of damage to its parts (dislocation, sprain, fracture) and the exact location of the damage.

To identify internal pathologies that entailed changes in the joint, doctors use computed tomography and ultrasound. Using these methods, tendons, muscles, synovial bags and ligaments are examined and abnormalities are detected. Radiography is used to confirm or exclude salt deposition and osteoporosis. The angiography method reveals the condition of the arteries and veins of the damaged area of ​​the limb.

If the disease is caused by an infection, the patient needs to be tested for blood. Sometimes the patient is given a joint puncture to study the composition of the fluid of the synovial bags. For the diagnosis of edema, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is used when other methods are ineffective.

Treatment of knee edema

After making the correct diagnosis, the patient is prescribed treatment methods such as drug therapy or surgery. The knee is also treated with folk remedies, combined with taking medications.


If a person has damaged ligaments, tendons or cartilage, fluid has accumulated in the popliteal fossa, and the joint itself has lost mobility, doctors prescribe the patient a microoperation called arthroscopy. In this method, an arthroscope and other instruments are inserted into the patient through several holes in the tissues, with which they remove excess synovial fluid, cartilage, a cup, sutured torn tissues and excised damaged ones. Due to the invasive procedure, almost no scars remain on the patient’s skin. Recovery after surgery is quick.

If the patient has Baker cysts, deforming arthrosis, accumulation of synovial fluid in the cavity of the bag, a knee joint puncture (arthrocentesis) is performed, which is considered an effective method for the surgical treatment of limb pathologies. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia and allows using a needle to remove (suck) pus and blood, excess synovial fluid.

With purulent inflammation or destruction of the bones, complete or partial resection of the hard tissues of the joint is performed. Then they do endoprosthetics – replacing bones with artificial implants so that the patient can move in the future.


If a person is painful to walk due to inflammation and swelling, but there are no big problems in the bones and tissues, knee pathologies are treated with medications. To eliminate pain and relieve inflammation, patients are prescribed non-steroidal medicines (Ketoprofen, Diclofenac, Celebrex). For the nutrition of cartilage tissue for arthritis, chondroprotectors (Glucosamine, Chondroitin sulfate) are prescribed, which should be taken for more than 12 months daily.

To relieve the condition of a person with arthritis, bursitis, gout, local drugs (Espol ointment, Menovazin, Diclofenac, Nikoflex cream) help. A good effect is achieved with the use of ointments Dimexidum and Bischofite as compresses at night.

With severe pain, intraarticular injections of corticosteroids (Celeston, Diprospana) are prescribed. Hyaluronic acid injections are used to treat arthrosis.

Folk remedies

Pain and swelling can be relieved by traditional medicine, after consulting with a doctor. Compresses with sea salt help people (take 1 kg of salt per 0,5 liter of water). In the solution, the tissue is moistened and, applying it to the joint, bandage overnight. To the sore spot for 5 minutes apply the skin of black radish, daily increasing the compress time by 1 minute. On the last day of the procedure, the skin is kept on the foot for 20 minutes.

Warm slurry of raw potatoes, burdock and plantain leaves, horse chestnut flowers are also applied to the places of edema as a compress, and they wrap the leg with polyethylene and cloth overnight.


Often people with joint damage are advised to bandage their knees or use special bandages and knee pads until the condition improves. The recovery period after surgery and drug therapy can last from several weeks to a year or more. At this time, patients need to move more, perform prescribed exercises to develop bones and muscles, swim, do massage.

You need to eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, olive oil, fish and seafood, legumes and whole grains. You should abandon bad habits and reduce the load on the joints (do not wear heaviness, do not walk in high heels, lose weight).

Edema of the knee joint: causes, treatment

The knee joint is a complex biological structure that can withstand heavy loads. This is a very important area, the defeat of which can limit a person’s movements. Probably most people have ever experienced knee edema; what are the causes of this problem and what treatment will be best, we will cons />

The structure of the knee joint

The knee joint consists of the femur and tibia. The surface connecting them to each other is covered with cartilage, and menisci are located between them. These are important parts of the connective tissue that play a cushioning role. Nature made sure to create a painless sliding motion, like a greased bearing in gear. The joint has cruciform and lateral ligaments that strengthen it.

The joint itself is surrounded by an articular bag, which is attached to the bones. Inside the bag has a synovial membrane that produces synovial fluid, which acts as a lubricant.

Possible causes of edema

Most likely, edema appears due to damage to the cartilage structure of the knee, ligaments or muscles. However, there are other causes of discomfort in the knee joint:

  1. Injury. Fracture and crack of bones, ligaments, tendons are pulled or torn, cartilage joints, menisci or synovial bags are damaged. In case of serious injury, it is difficult or impossible to stand on a damaged leg due to severe pain;
  2. Gonarthrosis. Damage to cartilage, resulting in an excess of articular flu />

Effective treatment of a knee tumor

The doctor should conduct an examination to identify the cause of swelling of the knee joint. The therapeutic program can be based on the following types of treatment: medication, physiotherapy, including exercise therapy and massage, surgical.

In severe injuries, the knee joint must be well fixed and at rest. To reduce the load, the patient is recommended to use crutches.

Methods of treatment:

  1. Drug treatment is used depending on the origin of the pathology. For example, depending on symptoms, analgesics, anti-inflammatory and decongestants may be prescribed. For arthritis, antibiotics, hormones, or cytostatics are prescribed.
  2. Physiotherapy favorably affects the well-being of a patient suffering from osteoarthritis or a knee injury. The physiotherapeutic procedure is combined with the administration of medications prescribed by the attending physician. As a result, blood circulation normalizes, edema passes, pain disappears. There are various physiotherapy courses: electrophoresis, UHF, laser, magnetic, paraffin therapy and mud treatment. However, physiotherapy is contraindicated in arthritis, connective tissue pathology and an allergic reaction.
  3. Physiotherapy exercises and massage can be effective for injuries and osteoarthritis. A diseased joint is gradually developed using physiotherapy exercises. With regular exercise, the range of motion in the joint increases.
  4. Surgical treatment. Surgical intervention occurs in cases when it is necessary to stitch damaged ligaments or tendons, fix bone elements displaced during a fracture.

Important! First aid for a knee injury with severe swelling is a cold compress on the affected area. It is advisable to give the victim an analgesic drug.

Edema of the knee joint: methods of treatment with folk remedies

If you combine treatment with folk remedies with the instructions of your doctor, you can quickly get rid of painful symptoms.

How to remove swelling of the knee joint:

  1. Beetroot and saberfish. The beets finely grated on a small plate are mixed with a teaspoon of saberfish. Apply to a sore spot and apply a bandage.
  2. Cinquefoil and mint. Effectively remove edema warm baths from a decoction of saberfish and mint. Instead of mint, you can use eucalyptus.
  3. Blue clay is smeared on the knee; keep up to 3 hours.
  4. Honey, salt and mustard. In equal proportions, all the ingredients are mixed and a compress is made.
  5. The raw potatoes are rubbed on a plate, then a thick layer of the finished mashed potatoes is applied to the knee, wrapped with a woolen cloth.

Edema with arthrosis

Arthrosis is a deformation of the articular surfaces that are no longer being restored. To prevent exacerbation of the disease, the body must receive nutrients that will mitigate the course of the disease. Vitamin C, which is found in cauliflower, blueberries, raspberries, paprika, citrus fruits, spinach, strawberries, should be fed into the diet. Vitamins B, D and omega 3 fatty acid, which is found in fish, porridge and eggs, help reduce the inflammatory process and swelling.

Now we know the causes and methods of treatment of knee edema. It is important to remember that you can not self-medicate, it is better to entrust this to a qualified specialist who has practical experience. The doctor will identify the cause of the disease and prescribe a phased treatment based on the individual characteristics of the person.

Treatment of joints

Joint site

Knee Edema Home Treatment

The knee is considered a large synovial joint. The knee joint connects the patella, tibia and femur. When fluid outflow from the articular cavity is impaired, edema or swelling of the knee joint occurs. Its cavity is filled with thick fluid, it protects the articular surfaces from friction and wear. In the shell of the joint cavity synovial bags are formed.

Two meniscus cartilage are in the form of half moon and are located between the articular surfaces. Through the knee, in the popliteal fossa, many lymphatic and blood vessels pass.

Causes of Knee Edema

The main causes of the edematous knee are:

  • inflammatory and infectious diseases;
  • surgical intervention;
  • knee injury and trauma;
  • arthrosis, arthritis, bursitis;
  • excessive exercise;
  • metabolic disorder (obesity);
  • hormonal changes;
  • gout;
  • age-related pathology;
  • complications after certain diseases;
  • harmful working conditions;
  • accompanying illnesses.

To find out the reason, you can not do without a specialist examination.

Inside the bone in the knee area, fluid accumulates in some cases:

  • From the rupture of small blood vessels, death of bone tissue or osteonecrosis occurs.
  • With a fracture of two bones.
  • When the cartilage becomes thinner and the bone tissue wears out, bone marrow edema appears.

From the fluid accumulated in the bone, pressure increases, pain appears, the knee will swell. Here the reason is not in the joint, but in the bone tissue.


With a knee injury, you must always consult a doctor for diagnosis. With minor injuries, pain and swelling can be removed in a week with complete rest of the joint. Treatment will depend on the cause of the edema:

  • Acute conditions due to infections or injuries.
  • Chronic pathology.

Removal of edema with arthrosis

Common causes in the knee area are arthritis and arthrosis. Cold and warm compresses reduce stiffness and pain in the joint.

    Cold relieves edema, nerves that conduct pain signals numb. To do this, ice packs and ointments containing menthol in combination with non-stero >The disease is often found, appears from an increase in fluid in the bone tissue. It comes from a pathology that occurs in the focus of the edema or near it. It develops in violation of the integrity of the cartilage of the joint, arises from the high permeability of the capillaries, when water and proteins leak through the extracellular space. They are in contact with the walls of blood vessels. The disease can develop against the background of:

  • cell swelling with a high liquid content;
  • accumulation of water and proteins in the intercellular space.

This process requires accurate diagnosis to make the correct diagnosis and address the causes. Pathological processes are divided by the type of edema:

  • aseptic;
  • femur
  • swelling of the tibia;
  • contusion;
  • perifocal;
  • reactive;
  • subchondral;
  • trabecular.

All species have their own characteristics of manifestation, which can carry complications.

Knee endoprosthetics

Joint surgery is considered complex and unpredictable. The consequences are different: in some cases, surgical intervention is useless, and a person has to endure suffering and expenses.

Endoprosthetics are done on the tibia and femur with bone marrow edema. The operation is prescribed only in emergency cases:

  • unbearable pain occurs in the knee when descending or climbing stairs, walking;
  • the joint rotates and bends heavily;
  • in the x-ray, the last gap between the joints is closed.

Due to osteonecrosis, trauma, arthrosis, the doctor notes a complete loss of joint function and offers endoprosthetics.

Knee swelling after surgery

After surgery, swelling may persist for some time. This is considered the norm, undergoes a physiological process. The knee joint will recover completely after passing through three stages:

  • The first stage is inflammation. The joint after surgery may swell and swell, this condition will last for a week. In the tissues of the joint, shaped elements are synthesized that cleanse and remove rejected necrotic tissue. The process may be accompanied by weakness and fever.
  • The second stage is the restoration (regeneration) of tissues. Connective tissue is synthesized at the site of surgery and the healing process occurs. In the limb, blood circulation is restored, pain is reduced. Tissue regeneration begins one week after surgery.
  • The third stage is scarring. A fresh scar has a red-violet color, gradually it begins to fade, scar tissue is replaced by connective fibers. If the edema does not subs >The factors leading to joint swelling are: arthrosis, arthritis, inflammation, bruises and physical activity – being overweight, playing sports, etc. If you have any unpleasant sensations, you should consult a doctor, it will be difficult to make a diagnosis yourself. Improper treatment will bring the disease to a chronic stage.

You can use traditional methods at home to relieve swelling and reduce pain.

  • Excess salt. Warmer your feet with warm water. Rub honey in the knee joint. To restore normal blood circulation, sick joints are wrapped and bandaged with cling film. Moisten a handkerchief in saline, dry and wrap the knee. Wool warms, and salt draws out excess fluid.
  • Emergency ambulance. Give the legs a complete rest, on the sore knee for fifteen minutes should apply ice or a frozen product. Apply to a sore area or raise from bottom to top.
  • Ointments, balms. Tumors are removed and pain is removed, they should be used until the condition is completely relieved. You can use eucalyptus oil mixed with ammonia in a ratio of 1: 1. This tool helps well in complex treatment, but the smell is very harsh. And you can also apply various compresses and tinctures.
  • Massage. It is carried out from the bottom up, from the foot to the thigh, within a month the tumor subsides.
  • Healthy eating It is necessary to organize proper nutrition, refuse harmful drinks. It is better to drink herbal teas, they will quickly bring the knee joint in order and will have a beneficial effect on overall health.

The main thing is to notice the first symptoms of the disease in time and consult a doctor in time. The disease begins with a pulling pain in the back. With exacerbation, it is forbidden to drink alcohol and you need to stop smoking for this period. Exclude smoked, salted, fried from the diet, you need to eat more vegetables, reduce the consumption of sweets. For a speedy recovery, you should adhere to a diet and follow the recommendations of a specialist.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.