Joints on hands hurt what to do

Why are severe pains in the hands and how to get r >

Pain in the arm may indicate the presence of a serious disease, and treatment is primarily required not by pain, but by the cause of its occurrence.

Rehab centers not only help relieve pain in the arm, but also stabilize the joints and increase motor control.

It is recommended to undergo rehabilitation treatment in specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers specializing in comprehensive rehabilitation and conservative treatment of pain in the hand.

With regular joint pain, a special regimen and special therapy are needed.

Pain in the hands is one of the most common causes leading people to the office of a rheumatologist. The hands are a very delicate mechanism, but at the same time it is able to withstand huge loads. However, some diseases can practically deprive the hands of mobility and cause severe pain in the joints of the hands.

Arthralgia – this is the scientific name for joint pain – does not just impair the quality of life. It deprives a person of the opportunity to work and perform basic household activities. There are a lot of diseases that can cause this symptom. Conditionally, the causes of severe pain in the joints of the hands can be divided into two large groups – inflammatory and mechanical. Pain in the hands caused by the inflammatory process is usually accompanied by stiffness in the affected joint and decreases with movement. As a rule, with inflammation there are other symptoms – swelling or redness of the skin over the joint.

Mechanical causes – degenerative diseases or injuries – cause pain when moving. At rest, the patient feels noticeable relief. Typically, such pain in the joints of the hands is not accompanied by stiffness or numbness.

The most common causes of joint pain

Joint pain is a frequent companion of many diseases. Sometimes it’s the nature of the pain that helps the doctor determine which disease the patient is suffering from.

Rheumatoid arthritis

This is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s defense system fails and begins to perceive its own cells as foreign. As a result, the joint begins to gradually collapse, there is inflammation and severe pain in the affected area. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur in both the elderly and young age – in 25-30 years. Usually it develops symmetrically – that is, the same joints on both hands suffer. Over time, the joints become deformed, which entails the curvature of the fingers and loss of mobility.

The accumulation in the joints of crystals of uric acid and its derivatives can lead to gout, which is also called “carnivore disease”, as it often develops in those who eat too much meat. Gout causes very severe painful pain in the joints of the legs, but as the disease develops, the hands begin to suffer. Around the affected joints, characteristic gouty cones form. Burning throbbing pain with gout, as a rule, is especially severe at night, and by morning it subsides somewhat.


Osteoarthritis occurs as a result of wear of the articular cartilage. As a rule, this disease begins to develop in old age. With osteoarthritis of the joints of the hands, pain is noted in the small joints of the hands, metacarpal-carpal joint of the thumb, in the elbow and shoulder joints. Symptoms of osteoarthritis in the wrist joint include pain during physical exertion, painful sensitivity with pressure in the area of ​​the damaged joint, and limited mobility.


Arthritis, caused by infectious diseases that cause joint inflammation, is very common. There are two forms of arthritis:

  • acute arthritis – characterized by severe soreness, swelling, redness of the skin in the joint area and fever;
  • chronic arthritis – only reminds oneself of pain from time to time.


Fractures, dislocations and sprains are always accompanied by excruciating pain. Depending on the nature of the injury, the pain syndrome can be more or less pronounced. Usually, joint injuries are accompanied by edema, reddening of the skin and limitation of joint mobility.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Joint pain treatment

Severe pain in the joints of the hands is a big problem for a patient who loses the ability to work normally and perform the most simple movements – for example, he cannot fasten buttons or hold a fork.

Therapy, regardless of the cause, should be comprehensive, aimed at solving three problems at once – treatment of the underlying disease, restoration of the functions of the hand and removal of the pain syndrome.

Of course, treatment depends on the nature of the disease. But pain relief and functional development of the hand during rehabilitation are subject to general rules.

The main tool for relieving pain in the joints of the hands is medication. The largest and most commonly used group of drugs that give a pronounced analgesic effect are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They relieve inflammation and pain, but they have many unpleasant side effects, in particular, from the gastrointestinal tract.

To relieve pain caused by autoimmune diseases (for example, with rheumatoid arthritis), glucocorticosteroid hormones are used. They have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect and quickly bring relief.

Strengthen the effect of drugs and therapeutic ointments, which include anti-inflammatory and anesthetic components.

As part of complex therapy – or in cases where treatment with medications is contraindicated – the doctor may prescribe non-pharmacological methods.

Non-surgical treatment for pain in the hands

Pain in the joints of the hands is a symptom that accompanies many diseases, various both due to the onset and the development mechanism. Each disease has its own treatment methods. With a correct diagnosis and adequate treatment, the pain gradually disappears. However, sometimes the healing process is delayed, the pain becomes chronic, and then the doctor’s task is not only to cure the patient, but also to relieve him of pain, and also prescribe a course of rehabilitation therapy.

To quickly relieve pain in the joints of the hands, a comprehensive treatment is required in which some methods complement others.

In the rehabilitation center, this approach has been perfected. In the treatment of such diseases, the principles of Pain Management are used in the rehabilitation center, which means “pain management” in English. The center’s specialists not only help relieve pain, but also teach patients new behavioral models that can remove unnecessary stress from a sore hand. In addition, psychotherapeutic methods are also used in pain management.

As a rule, doctors of various fields are involved in the clinic – rehabilitologists, rheumatologists, neurologists and physiotherapists, as well as nutritionists, masseurs and medical gymnastics specialists. The combination of medicinal and physiotherapeutic methods of treatment, supplemented by measures to restore mobility in damaged limbs, gives a quick and lasting effect. The patient not only gets rid of the underlying disease, but also gets the opportunity to return to normal life as soon as possible.

License of the Ministry of Health of the Moscow Region No. LO-50-01-009095 dated October 12, 2017.

Diseases of the joints of the hands, treatment of pain

One of the most frequent complaints that people come to see a rheumatologist can be expressed with the phrase: hand joints hurt – what should I do? Indeed, arthralgia is often so pronounced that it not only violates a person’s professional activities, but also does not allow him to perform basic everyday activities. For example, some people cannot pick up a mug or comb, fasten buttons, open a door with a key.

If you run the problem, you can get the deformation of the brushes

Joint pain as a symptom

It is worth noting that joint pain is different, and often it is its nature that becomes a determining factor in the correct diagnosis of the disease already at the stage of the initial medical examination.

Rheumatologists divide joint pain into two large groups: mechanical and inflammatory. Mechanical pain is characteristic of degenerative diseases (e.g., osteoarthrosis). Such pains are not accompanied by stiffness in movements in the morning, or stiffness is, but lasts no more than half an hour, at rest, discomfort decreases.

Inflammatory pains, on the contrary: decrease with movement, accompanied by prolonged stiffness in the joints (more than 30 minutes). At the same time, there are almost always other signs of inflammation: swelling, redness, decreased range of motion. With mechanical pain, signs of local inflammation are more often absent or slightly expressed.

Only a specialist will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe adequate treatment.

Causes of joint pain

Before starting to consider methods of treatment, it will not be superfluous to understand why the joints of the hands hurt.

The most common pathology that causes arthralgia is osteoarthritis – a degenerative disease in which the destruction of the articular cartilage and the change in the articular surfaces of the bones occur. It is estimated that about 6-7% of people suffer from osteoarthritis, which is accompanied by pain. Even more people have certain signs and changes in the body that are characteristic of osteoarthritis, but at the time of examination they are not yet experiencing pain.

Another common cause of pain in the hands is rheumatoid arthritis. This disease is considered autoimmune, because with rheumatoid arthritis, antibodies to your own tissues appear in the body. Antibodies damage the joint structures, causing severe inflammation. With this disease, the thumbs and the distal sections of the hands (those closest to the fingertips) are never affected, and all changes (including pain) are symmetrical: i.e. areas of the same name hurt both on the left and on the right hand. A characteristic symptom of rheumatoid arthritis is stiffness in movement, the peak of which occurs in the early morning hours. As a rule, the restriction of mobility lasts from 30 to 120 or more minutes, after which it gradually decreases or passes. It is believed that rheumatoid arthritis affects 1% of the population.

Another disease leading to the development of joint pain is gout. According to various sources, from 0,1 to 0,8% of the world’s population suffers from this disease (in Russia, statistics are unknown), moreover, men are mostly affected. In case of impaired purine metabolism (substances supplied with food, which are necessary for the creation of DNA and RNA cells), the uric acid content in the blood rises, which begins to be deposited in the joint tissues, causing damage. The causes of gout are many. Among the main doctors called heredity, alcohol abuse and an improper diet with excess purines (they are found in the liver, kidneys, yeast, meat). With gout, pain, swelling and redness in the joints of the hands occurs most often in women. The “favorite” place for the defeat of the hands are the phalanges of the fingers and the wrist region. With this pathology, one joint can be affected, as well as several at once.

Inflammation can occur with acute rheumatic fever, and with infectious or traumatic damage to them, and with psoriasis (psoriatic arthritis) .

Thus, arthralgia is a symptom of a disease of the joints of the hands. Each of them requires an individual approach.

Even untreated acute respiratory infection can cause pain.


In order to effectively deal with pain in the joints of the hands, it is necessary to correctly determine the cause of their occurrence. A large number of diseases can lead to the same clinical symptom, which differ both in reason of occurrence and in the mechanism of development. In practice, this means that the same drugs can be highly effective in one case and completely useless and even harmful in another.

However, for pain in the joints of the hands, treatment that could be called universal (effective in most cases) exists. These are medications that belong to the group of symptomatic. They help alleviate painful sensations or even remove them altogether. The most extensive and frequently used group of drugs that cause a pronounced analgesic effect are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. At one time, diclofenac and indomethacin were widely used and known, which are used to this day, since they have a strong anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, and are quite inexpensive. However, these drugs have serious side effects, primarily from the gastrointestinal tract (diclofenac and indomethacin can cause erosion, ulcers, bleeding, hepatitis, etc.).

Currently, modern non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with selective action (the so-called cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors) are used to relieve pain and inflammation in the joints. Unlike the drugs of past generations, they have minimal effects on the intestines, liver, and kidneys, specifically suppressing the production of biologically active substances that cause inflammation in the joint tissues. This group includes nimesil, celecoxib.

To relieve pain caused by autoimmune diseases (for example, rheumatoid arthritis), glucocorticosteroid hormones are used. They have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, therefore, in such patients they lead to a rapid decrease in symptoms. In some cases (for example, to relieve pain and inflammation in acute gouty arthritis or psoriatic arthritis), glucocorticosteroids are also used: dexamethasone, prednisone, metipred and others.

In addition to anti-inflammatory drugs, treatment is needed to eliminate arthralgia, which would directly affect the cause of the disease. In each case, the set of therapeutic agents will be different.

To reduce pain during mild inflammation or in combination with standard therapy, anti-inflammatory ointments (for example, with diclofenac), or creams, ointments and gels with distracting and analgesic effects (finalgon, etc.) are used.

When large joints of the hands are affected, hormonal drugs (glucocorticosteroids) can be injected directly into the joint cavity. Most often in this situation, diprospan and hydrocortisone are used.


In addition to medicines, it helps to reduce discomfort:

  • erythema ultraviolet irradiation (i.e., the dose causing redness);
  • applications of anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, dimexidine diluted 1 to 1 with distilled water);
  • surge currents;
  • use of the UHF electric field (electrophoresis with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, phonophoresis with glucocorticosteroid hormones).

It is important to note that physiotherapeutic methods are in most cases auxiliary, and should be used in combination with medications prescribed orally or in the form of applications.

Traditional medicine

There are countless folk ways to relieve arthralgia. Many patients note a positive effect from the use of the mummy, 0,5 grams of which is recommended to be mixed with 100 grams of honey and used as a compress.

Many recipes of traditional medicine are based on the distracting and local warming effect of certain substances. Such methods include, for example, the use of compresses with a heated leaf of cabbage and honey.

Herbs with anti-inflammatory effect (leaves and roots of dandelion, leaves of lingonberry, nettle, plantain) are also often used as the basis for compresses. Traditional healers believe that active substances, penetrating the joint, suppress inflammation, and thereby reduce pain.

Be that as it may, before you engage in self-medication, you should definitely consult with your doctor about the safety of the components used in traditional medicine recipes. In addition, it is important to understand: diseases of the osteoarticular system require serious comprehensive treatment prescribed by a rheumatologist, and refusal of such treatment can lead to rapid progression of the disease.

Treatment of pain in the joints of the hands: effective drugs, physiotherapy

Mobility of the limbs plays an important role in ensuring a decent quality of life. Often, pain in the hands does not allow a person to not only engage in professional activities, but also to perform basic daily manipulations. In addition, ignoring complaints may result in the patient losing mobility. Treatment of the joints of the hands includes several methods, including the use of traditional medicine.

Causes of Joint Pain

The treatment prescribed by the doctor depends on the factors that led to the onset of pain. Obesity, psoriasis, myositis, cardiovascular pathologies, a monotonous heavy load on the hands, stress, hypothermia can provoke pain. The main pathologies are the following pathologies:

    Rheumato >

Joint pain treatment

Before prescribing specific recommendations for the treatment of pain in the joints of the hands, the doctor should familiarize himself with the patient’s medical history, his possible previous treatment, the characteristics of his work, and conduct a physical examination to determine the localization of the pain site. Sometimes for diagnosis, an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), removal of an arthrogram (x-ray of the joint with the introduction of contrast fluid) is required.

The treatment of pain in the joints of the hands is aimed at eliminating the root cause, relieving pain, relieving inflammation, restoring mobility and functionality. For these purposes, many medications have been developed with different composition and mechanism of action (tablets, powders, solutions for intramuscular and intraarticular injections, ointments, creams).

Chronic joint pain is often the result of a sedentary lifestyle, microtrauma or inflammation. In addition to drugs for relieving inflammation and gymnastic exercises, dietary supplement has proved itself to be good for the Glucosamine-Maximum line from Natur Product, which contains two active components: glucosamine and chondroitin. These substances are natural structural elements of healthy cartilage, directly participate in metabolic processes.

Due to their natural nature, they are well absorbed and stimulate the metabolism in cartilage cells, contribute to the restoration of the structure of cartilage tissue after the inflammatory process.

Depending on what triggered the onset of pain, the doctor may prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to eliminate inflammation and pain relief (Revmoksikam, Celecoxib, Dicloberl), glucocorticosteroid hormones for autoimmune pathologies (Metipred, Hydrocortisone), cytostatics, (cytostatics) drugs (Magurlit, Purinol). Indispensable drugs in the treatment of pain in the joints of the hands are chondroprotectors, restoring the structure of cartilage.

In the absence of contraindications to improve blood circulation, the patient should regularly exercise therapy (physical therapy). Often, massage and physiotherapy are also prescribed, the use of which is effective only together with medical treatment. Nutrition during and after therapy should be balanced, rich in trace elements, vitamins. In addition, there is an opinion that people living in regions with maximum insolation are less likely to suffer from joint diseases than residents of less-lit areas.

How to treat joint pain

The doctor decides on the appointment of certain medications, based on the general condition of the patient, the patient’s previous medical history and diagnostic results, taking into account data on the nature of pain and the characteristics of work. Description of some popular drugs for the effective treatment of joint pain:

Name of the drug, release form

Analogs: Nimesil, Nimesulide

Representative of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of selective action (cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme inhibitor). It is prescribed for periarthrosis, gout, intervertebral hernia, humeroscapular periarthritis, pain of various origins.

Allergy, nausea, diarrhea, loss of appetite, headache

Gastrointestinal hemorrhage, dermatitis, asthma, renal, liver failure, pregnancy, lactation

(powder, tablets, capsules, injection)

Analogs: Teraflex, Dona

Refers to chondroprotectors (active ingredients – chondroitin and glucosamine), relieves inflammation, relieves pain. It is prescribed for bone fractures, joint damage, degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the spine.

Drowsiness, nausea, intestinal upsets, allergies

Phenylketonuria, pregnancy, lactation

(tablets, injection, ointment, eye drops)

Refers to corticosteroids of weak activity, has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic effect. It is prescribed for allergies, autoimmune pathologies, joint inflammation, hepatitis, etc.

Digestive disorders, mental disorders and many others

Herpes, tuberculosis, peptic ulcer, myocardial infarction, mental disorders, etc.

(tablets, injection, eye drops)

The representative of hormonal drugs, has anti-shock, anti-inflammatory effect. It is prescribed for allergies, rheumatic pathologies, osteomyelitis, cerebral edema.

Hallucinations, arterial hypertension, skin diseases, etc.

Bacterial and viral diseases, immunodeficiency conditions, gastrointestinal tract pathologies, diabetes mellitus, psychosis

On fingers

The structure of the finger joints has distinctive features – a small articular surface and a relatively thin connective membrane. In addition, the fingers perform complex mechanical manipulations daily, therefore, they are more often prone to injuries and pathologies. High-quality treatment of finger joints is especially important for patients engaged in professional activities for which fine motor skills are important – musicians, surgeons, programmers.

If there are complaints of joint pain, patients often wonder which doctor treats the joints of the fingers – rheumatologist, traumatologist, orthopedist, surgeon, arthrologist are involved in these pathologies, depending on the causes of the pain syndrome. With moderate signs of inflammation, it is recommended to treat the joints of the fingers with ointments and creams that have the ability to anesthetize the affected area, dilate blood vessels, and stop inflammation (Apizartron, Viprosal).

Joints of hands

Most pathologies of the articular tissues of the hands develop as a result of injuries and microtraumas arising from constant heavy loads. Often, treatment includes the use of antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Ketorol), injections are used extremely rarely due to the risk of complications.

Pain in the elbow

Due to injuries, gout, neuritis of the ulnar nerve, pain in the elbow can occur. Often, discomfort appears due to epicondylitis – a degenerative inflammation of the elbow joint. With pathologies of large joints of the hands (elbow, shoulder), intra-articular injections of hormonal drugs (Hydrocortisone, Diprospan) can be used. In this case, the drug is injected into the joint cavity. This method is called blockade, it is used if other drug therapy does not bring relief to the patient.

Physiotherapy of joint pain

For some pathologies, drug treatment is not enough, so the patient is prescribed physiotherapeutic procedures. The following methods are used to relieve pain and relieve inflammation:

    application of drugs that relieve inflammation (for example, Dimex >

Folk remedies for joint pain

In the absence of contraindications, it is recommended to treat the joints of the hands at home with the use of traditional medicine. These methods are effective when used in conjunction with drug therapy and physiotherapy. Folk remedies for pain in the joints of the hands include recipes for rubbing, compresses, ointments based on natural components:

  1. Mix 1 tablespoon of honey and salt, attach to a sore spot, wrap with a natural dense cloth. For maximum effectiveness, use compresses in the evenings for 1-2 weeks.
  2. Mix 1 tablespoon of honey and mustard with 3 tablespoons of camphor oil, put on the affected area, cover with a cabbage leaf, hold for 4 hours.
  3. Prepare a mixture of triple cologne (1 bottle), 10 powdered tablets of aspirin and 10 ml of iodine; insist remedy for 4 days. It is necessary to rub the medicine into the joints, after which the sore spots should be wrapped with a warm cloth.


There are contraindications. Before use, consult a specialist.

Joint pain: causes, treatment and what to do

Pain in the joints of the hands can be different, as a rule, it is the nature of the pain that is the determining factor in the diagnosis of the disease.

Types of pain

Doctors rheumatologists painful joint discomfort is divided into groups such as inflammatory and mechanical.

The inflammatory group is accompanied by stiffness for a long time, redness and swelling are also present.

The mechanical group is characterized by the absence of stiffness of movement, and if stiffness is still present, then it lasts no more than half an hour. In the absence of physical activity, painful discomfort is significantly reduced. Also, for pain belonging to the mechanical group, there are no signs of local inflammation or they are slightly expressed.

What is dangerous pain in the joints of the hands?

If you do not treat diseases associated with the joints of the hands, there will be serious disastrous consequences. They can be manifested in stiffness of movements, then in partial or complete loss of mobility of the hands. With the complication of some diseases, there is the possibility of amputation of a limb.

Timely contacting a doctor at the first manifestation of painful discomfort will save you from a long and expensive treatment.

Symptoms and causes of pain in the joints of the hands

The most common cause of painful discomfort in the joints of the hands is osteoarthritis. With this disease, articular cartilage is destroyed and the surface of the bones changes.

Rheumatoid arthritis can also cause pain. Antibodies appear in the body with arthritis, which damage the structure of the joints, resulting in inflammation. With this disease, the thumbs and distal parts of the hands, that is, those closer to the fingertips, are not damaged. Often, with rheumatoid arthritis, the pain is symmetrical.

Another disease that can cause pain is gout. Due to impaired purine metabolism, the level of uric acid begins to increase in the blood, in the future it is deposited in the joints, thereby damaging the joint tissue. The main symptoms of gout are acute pain, inflammation and swelling of the joints.

If pain in the joints of the hands is accompanied by numbness of the thumb, index or middle fingers, this indicates the presence of violations in the cervical spine, or in pinching of the nerves or displacement of the vertebrae. With a lack of vitamins A and B in the body, pain in the joints of the hands can be accompanied by numbness of the fingertips.

During work associated with a constant load on the tendon muscles, pain occurs in the joints of the hands. It is usually characterized by bright and sharp pain during movement, inflammation and swelling in the joints. Timely treatment at an early stage will help get rid of the disease.

Diagnosis of painful hand discomfort

To determine the disease, the doctor will ask questions about the initial manifestation of pain, about the symptoms and the nature of the discomfort.

As diagnostic examinations, hand radiography, tomography, ultrasound, blood and urine tests will be prescribed. Tests will help identify the inflammatory process and the presence of infection in the body. Other examinations will help to get the condition of bone tissues and joints.


Treatment should be comprehensive, the only way to achieve the desired effect. First of all, treatment from the inside of the body with the help of medications is necessary.

Shock wave therapy will help treat inflammation of the tendons and elbow joint. To relieve pain, it is worth resorting to the use of compresses. To remove inflammation and edema, external agents will help.

The methods of treatment depend on the causes of the painful discomfort.

Traditional methods of treatment

  1. A common way to remove salts from the body is bay leaf. In order to prepare a decoction, 30 pieces of bay leaves must be boiled in two liters of water for 10 minutes. Then you should insist in a thermos for 5 hours. Use the broth during the day for three consecutive days, then take a week break and repeat the course. Such treatment should be carried out at least twice every six months.
  2. To improve blood circulation, it is necessary to mix natural honey and vodka in the same ratio to the state of liquid gruel. In such a composition, it is necessary to moisten a sterile dressing with plenty and wrap the painful joints of the hands, fix it on top with a plastic film and a warm cloth, such as wool mittens. It is recommended to apply within 4-6 hours.
  3. To prepare an effective ointment, salt, baking soda, mustard from dry raw materials and natural honey are needed. Thoroughly mix all the components of the ointment in equal proportions. Apply ointment on hands and leave overnight. The duration of treatment is one week, then a break should be taken.
  4. To relieve painful discomfort, it is recommended to attach a sheet of white cabbage, previously softened and letting juice out, to the painful joint for a short period of time. After there is no juice left in the leaf of cabbage, the leaf can be removed.
  5. To remove inflammation, an excellent assistant are baths with sage, chamomile or a series of. 5 teaspoons of the main component are used per liter of boiling water. It is necessary to insist for three hours. Then add boiling water to adjust the optimum temperature of the water. A bath is recommended to be taken daily for half an hour.
  6. A useful remedy for joints is gelatin infusion. To prepare it, you need to pour two teaspoons of gelatin raw materials into 150 ml of hot water, leave to infuse for 8-10 hours. After the raw material swells, add half a glass of hot water. You should take a gelatin infusion every night before bedtime. The course of treatment is 10 days, excessive consumption is fraught with negative consequences for the gastrointestinal tract.

Prevention of diseases of the joints of the hands

To prevent diseases associated with the joints of the hands, physical activity should be maintained. In no case should physical exertion be excessive; this will only lead to the development of joint diseases. When working regarding physical activity, it is necessary to take breaks and give rest to hands.

Overcooling of the joints and the body as a whole should be avoided. When exposed to cold, the immune system weakens for a long time, this contributes to the inflammatory process.

Keep a good night’s sleep and avoid prolonged exposure to stress on the body.

Regularly undergo a comprehensive examination to identify the development of diseases, because the disease noticed on time will receive timely treatment.

Why do the joints of the fingers hurt?

The pain of the joints of the fingers and the violation of their mobility can cause many inconveniences: it becomes difficult to hold a fork or spoon, lace up shoes, type texts on a PC and perform many other actions necessary in everyday life. Unfortunately, this malaise is very common. About one in ten people older than 40 years and one in three after 60 years suffer from diseases of small articular joints.

What causes pain in the joint of the finger during flexion?

Finger pain can occur for various reasons. The most obvious of these are injuries. In addition, a number of pathologies can lead to discomfort: inflammatory processes, autoimmune diseases, hormonal imbalance and many other disorders.

The most common causes of pain:

1. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune pathology in which small, and subsequently large, articular joints suffer. In case of this violation:

  • joints of the index and middle fingers on the hand hurt;
  • the skin of the fingers turns red and swells;
  • at night and in the morning there is a feeling of stiffness in the hands;
  • often the joints are affected symmetrically.

2. Psoriatic arthritis – joint inflammation in the presence of psoriasis. Characteristic:

  • pain in the distal (nail) digital phalanx;
  • severe swelling;
  • redness of the skin with slight blueness;
  • difficulty trying to straighten bent thumbs or hands.

3. Infectious arthritis – inflammation of the articular joints due to the penetration of pathogens into them. Signs:

  • acute pain (short or long – up to several days);
  • fever (usually local, sometimes general), chills.

4. Gouty arthritis (gout) is a joint pathology that develops due to too many uric acid compounds in the body. Features:

  • burning pain in the fingers;
  • redness up to cyanosis, swelling;
  • violation of motor functions;
  • abrupt onset of the attack (often at night).

5. Osteoarthrosis is a non-inflammatory disease accompanied by destruction of intraarticular cartilage. It appears in the form of:

  • pain in the joints of the hand;
  • finger deformities: thickening, the formation of subcutaneous nodules, swelling.

6. Rhizarthrosis is a pathology in which the joint of the thumb hurts as a result of overload, as well as an infection or injury. Signs:

  • increased pain at the slightest load (hereinafter and at rest);
  • articular deformity;
  • lack of mobility.

7. Stenosing ligamentitis – damage to the tendons and ligaments of the fingers. Signs:

  • characteristic click when bending the finger;
  • “Jamming” of a squeezed palm;
  • pain when moving with a brush.

8. Tunnel syndrome – a consequence of injury or infringement of the median nerve passing through the wrist. It usually develops with prolonged and constant work at the computer. The joint of the index finger most often hurts, there can also be painful sensations in the other fingers, except the little finger. Other signs:

  • decreased sensitivity, numbness of the fingers;
  • worsening mobility of the hand;
  • pallor of the skin on the hands.

9. Rheumatism is a systemic disease in which connective tissue is affected. It usually develops due to infectious diseases. If the joints of the fingers are swollen and sore after a sore throat, this may be a symptom of rheumatic fever. Also may be observed:

  • redness of the skin, rash;
  • elevated temperature;
  • decreased mobility of the brush.

Factors predisposing to damage to the finger joints:

  • problems with the immune system;
  • hormonal changes;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • hereditary tendency to articular pathologies;
  • chronic infections;
  • injuries, frequent microtraumas;
  • prolonged exposure to harmful environments: very cold or hot water, chemicals, etc.

Treatment for inflammation of the joints of the fingers should be prescribed only by a doctor: therapist, orthopedic traumatologist, neurologist or rheumatologist. Self-medication attempts can lead to further deterioration of the condition: deformation of the fingers and a decrease in their mobility.

Diagnostic features

To understand how to relieve joint inflammation, it is necessary to correctly determine the diagnosis. In case of intense pain or discomfort during flexion / extension of the hand, be sure to get medical advice and go through the examination prescribed by your doctor, which may include:

  • laboratory tests (general and biochemical blood tests, rheumatic tests, urinalysis);
  • radiography;
  • MRI
  • CT

How to treat when joints on the fingers hurt?

Therapy with this ailment helps to eliminate both the unpleasant sensations themselves and the causes of their appearance. So, in inflammatory processes, non-steroidal or hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed, as well as antibiotics in case of infection. In dystrophic lesions, the goal of treatment is to restore cartilage with chondroprotectors, physiotherapy and massage. To restore the mobility of the fingers helps and the implementation of special exercises.

The most effective way to restore the health of small joints is physiotherapy: magnetic resonance therapy, electrophoresis with novocaine, electrosleep and some other procedures. During the period of remission, sanatorium-resort treatment at hydrogen sulfide and radon sources is recommended.

Clinical nutrition for joint pathologies:

  • seafood and fish – contain calcium, iron and phosphorus;
  • apple cider vinegar – helps rid the body of toxins;
  • linseed oil, fish oil – contain fatty acids, contribute to the restoration of fat metabolism.

In addition, it is advisable to include leaf lettuce, radishes, nuts, currants, pomegranates, figs, ginger in the diet. Limit your intake of fatty dairy products, mayonnaise, sweets, pastries, spicy foods and smoked meats.

Prevention of joint diseases

The following recommendations will help protect against joint diseases:

  • try not to freeze your hands;
  • quit smoking and consuming large amounts of alcohol;
  • eat more fresh fruits and vegetables and as little canned and spicy foods as possible;
  • with SARS, be sure to be treated, do not try to transfer the disease “on your feet”;
  • keep track of weight;
  • do not “snap” your fingers.

So that you don’t have to ask yourself: “How to treat if your thumbs hurt?”, Periodically perform a simple exercise to prevent tunnel syndrome, especially if your activity involves a lot of work on the PC: raise your thumbs and squeeze the rest into a fist (gesture of approval). Rotate your thumbs clockwise and against it.

To establish the exact cause of the discomfort, the specialists of the network of clinics “Hello!” Will help. Trying to figure out what to do if the joint on the finger hurts or is swollen? Make an appointment with us – experienced doctors will perform an examination on the latest diagnostic equipment and prescribe the most effective course of treatment using modern non-pharmacological methods.

Who has joint pain? Joint pain: causes and treatment

Pain in the shoulder joint, joints of the fingers hurt. How to relieve pain at home?

It is believed that joint pain is a sign of old age, but the joints of the hands of young people are increasingly sore. If you want to compensate for the sedentary work at the computer with active sports training, be especially careful, advises Alexander Shelepov, traumatologist-orthopedist at the Clinic Medicine, and tells where the joint pain comes from and what modern medicine can offer for its treatment.

Most often, pain in the joints of the hands arise as a result of a forced position when working at a computer, when interacting with a tablet or phone. So, for example, using a smartphone with one hand, a person performs actions on the screen with the thumb of a brush – this contributes to overloading the ligamentous-joint apparatus of the finger and individual elements of the wrist joint.

Also, the joints of the hands of car drivers often hurt for a long time, which are forced to keep their hands on the steering wheel, while overloading both the shoulder and elbow and wrist joints.

Another cause of joint pain is injuries and diseases of professional athletes associated with chronic transcendental load.

– How can those who work at the computer reduce the load on the joints of the hands?

– Significantly improve the situation, firstly, ergonomic keyboards and “mice”, and secondly, convenient workstations. And thirdly, it is important to prevent a long stay in one position – take a break every 15-20 minutes: get up and spend 2-3 minutes to warm up.

If you experience pain in the joints of the hands, it is not recommended to perform actions that provoke this pain. Do not try to “develop a stiff joint”, do not self-medicate and, of course, do not postpone a visit to the doctor.

– In what other cases do joint pains occur?

– If you notice pain in the small joints of the hand, while they swell, the skin turns red over the joint, there is a feeling of stiffness in the joints, especially in the mornings – it may be polyarthritis, a systemic inflammation of the joints caused by changes in the blood or internal organs.

Also, joint pain can develop after injuries that were not immediately noticed – or neglected by going to a medical facility. So, the consequences of an undetected bone fracture, rupture of a ligament or tendon can be very significant and adversely affect the function of the hand in the future. Therefore, if after a fall, shock, bruise you experience severe pain, swelling has occurred – consult a doctor to clarify the diagnosis.

– How to relieve pain at home? With pain in the joints of the hands, is it necessary to apply ice or, conversely, heat?

– With a fresh injury, if there is no open wound, you can apply cold before you see a doctor. Any item from the freezer wrapped in several layers of cotton fabric will do. Apply it several times for 5-7 minutes at intervals of 10-15 minutes – this will reduce pain, reduce hematoma. It is also recommended to fix the affected segment of the limb with improvised means. See your doctor as soon as possible.

With multiple damage to the joints, for example, with rheumatoid arthritis without exacerbation, warming with warm sand or salt, baths, and physiotherapy are effective.

Acute polyarthritis is manifested not only by articular changes – with this disease, overall health worsens, fever, weakness, and fatigue develop. This condition is a reason for urgent medical attention, especially if this happened to you for the first time.

– What can be the treatment of joint joints?

– In the treatment of diseases and injuries of the upper limbs, methods are used to restore the anatomical integrity, relieve inflammation, increase the range of motion in the joints. In some cases, surgical treatment may be required – these are, first of all, injuries accompanied by a fracture, rupture of a ligament or tendon. Also, surgery will be needed if treatment of the disease with conservative methods is ineffective.

Existing conservative methods of treating joints can be divided into medicinal and all others. To drug therapy, we can include drugs that stop inflammation and swelling, drugs that affect the metabolism of connective tissue, increase blood circulation and accelerate healing.

Drug-free therapy is much more diverse – here are all kinds of methods of physiotherapeutic effects, and physiotherapy, massage, gymnastics, and deep x-ray therapy, and very popular shock wave therapy.

The principle of shock-wave therapy is a highly effective effect directly on the problem area, in which local microdestruction of tissues at the cellular level is simulated. This activates the body’s own resources and promotes early healing.

To achieve the most lasting and lasting effect, combination therapy is usually carried out, which usually includes physiotherapy – such as a magnet, laser, ultrasound, electrophoresis, hyperbaric oxygenation and others.

– Is it possible to prevent joint pain?

– As with other musculoskeletal diseases, the prevention of joint pain is accessible and understandable, but often difficult in everyday life due to the fact that a person cannot organize himself. Firstly, it is regular systemic moderate physical activity involving the joints of the upper extremities. Secondly, it is important to avoid professional or everyday daily loads of the same type.

And thirdly – this applies more to young and active people – to avoid professional sports loads. Before giving yourself sports loads, you must be sure that the body is ready for them! Alas, professional sports and health often cannot exist together. But a reasonable approach to sports loads, regularity, orderliness, good equipment and control of a trainer are ways to maintain joint health.

– Can I crunch my fingers? Or is this habit bad?

– This question is asked by many patients. You can answer this way: in the absence of pain, as well as any other changes in the joints that can be detected by contacting a doctor, this condition should not be regarded as a pathology. Often such sound effects occur due to the development of connective tissue and do not require special treatment. If the crunch is accompanied by pain, swelling, a feeling of stiffness, etc., be sure to consult a doctor.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.