Joint of the big toe hurts

Almost every person from time to time complains of discomfort in the feet when walking. In this case, the joint of the big toe most often hurts. To determine how and how to treat an ailment, it is necessary to establish its cause. Soreness can be caused by a simple bruise of the finger or uncomfortable shoes, as well as serious articular pathology. If the symptom is constantly ignored or pain relief with analgesics, then the disease will not only destroy the joint, but also lead to impaired functions of the entire musculoskeletal system.

The content of the article
  1. The main causes of pain in the joint of the big toe
  2. Physiological causes
  3. Injuries
  4. Characteristic diseases
  5. Pain in the joints of the big toes – treatment methods
  6. Arthritis therapy
  7. Osteoarthritis Therapy
  8. Treatment of gout
  9. General recommendations for joint treatment
  10. Conclusion
  11. Why does the big toe joint hurt?
  12. Clinical manifestations
  13. Causes and their consequences
  14. External (physiological) factors
  15. Traumatic factors
  16. Pathological changes
  17. Preventive measures
  18. The big toe hurts – what to do and how to treat
  19. Possible causes of pain in the big toe
  20. What diseases can trigger pain
  21. If a bone hurts near the thumb
  22. Joint of the big toe hurts
  23. Severe pain near the nail when pressed or walking
  24. If the big toe is swollen and sore
  25. What to do and what treatment to take
  26. With deforming osteoporosis
  27. With nail fungus
  28. Ingrown Nail Treatment
  29. Which doctor should i contact for diagnosis of the disease
  30. Why does the big toe joint hurt?
  31. Clinical manifestations
  32. Causes and their consequences
  33. External (physiological) factors
  34. Traumatic factors
  35. Pathological changes
  36. Preventive measures
  37. The big toe hurts – what to do and how to treat
  38. Possible causes of pain in the big toe
  39. What diseases can trigger pain
  40. If a bone hurts near the thumb
  41. Joint of the big toe hurts
  42. Severe pain near the nail when pressed or walking
  43. If the big toe is swollen and sore
  44. What to do and what treatment to take
  45. With deforming osteoporosis
  46. With nail fungus
  47. Ingrown Nail Treatment
  48. Which doctor should i contact for diagnosis of the disease
  49. Joint of the big toe hurts
  50. Why does pain appear?
  51. Injuries and minor injuries
  52. Diseases as causes of pain
  53. Arthritis and its types
  54. Gout – “the disease of the kings”
  55. Dystrophic arthrosis
  56. Articular bursitis
  57. Additional symptoms
  58. Methods of diagnosis
  59. Which treatment is appropriate?
  60. Medicines and Surgery
  61. Folk remedies
  62. Prevention of pain in the joints of the big toe

The main causes of pain in the joint of the big toe

An insignificant, at first glance, feeling of discomfort in the area of ​​the big toe can later turn into serious problems. The reasons why the joint joints in the big toes hurt and become inflamed are very numerous and varied. Let us dwell on the main causes of inflammation.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Physiological causes

Pain in the foot area is not always a sign of ailment. In some cases, this is how the body reacts to excessive load on the lower extremities:

  • long walking in uncomfortable shoes (small size, high heel, narrow toe, squeezing fingers);
  • overweight;
  • flat feet;
  • sports loads;
  • dry corn in the area of ​​contact of the joint and shoes;
  • prolonged standing, for example, at your workplace.

If the finger is swollen, reddened and this is accompanied by severe pain, then the physiological causes can be safely ruled out.

Injuries

The moment of receiving microtrauma may not be noticed. Minor damage occurs much more often than it seems to us. It is enough to stumble or stumble so that there is swelling and inflammation due to the injury. The most common cause of pain is:

  • joint dislocation;
  • sprain;
  • bruised foot;
  • bone crack or fracture.

With a finger injury, usually pronounced external symptoms appear, according to which it is not difficult to determine the nature of the damage yourself. However, only a traumatologist can identify the degree of damage, make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment.

In addition to the reasons discussed, pain in the big toe can occur with many diseases. These are mainly various joint diseases. Most often, they are the cause of inflammation and swelling of the joints and surrounding tissues.

Characteristic diseases

The joint on the big toe is most often affected by the following ailments:

  1. Arthritis.
  2. Arthrosis and osteoarthrosis.
  3. Rheumato >

All of these diseases have similar symptoms. The patient suffers from severe pain, especially during movement, his gait changes and difficulties arise in choosing comfortable shoes. Having paid attention to the accompanying symptoms, having examined the patient, the specialist will identify the cause of the malaise and draw up a treatment regimen.

Pain in the joints of the big toes – treatment methods

Treatment of articular ailments of any etiology is prescribed only after a thorough history and a complete medical examination. In this case, the main objective of the measures taken is the removal of pain.

With severe pain and inflammation in the metatarsal joint, it is extremely undesirable for a long time to take analgesics on your own, postponing a visit to the doctor.

The treatment should be comprehensive, its goal is to restore the function of the joint and the health of nearby tissues.

Arthritis therapy

If the disease is infectious, antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action are prescribed, including Azithromycin, Doxycycline. For pain and severe inflammation, the doctor will prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in tablets or intramuscular injections. In advanced cases, intramuscular administration of corticosteroid hormones by a short course is possible.

Often with arthritis of an autoimmune etiology, a patient is cleansed with a certain amount of blood plasma, which is called plasmapheresis.

It is considered advisable to include in the treatment regimen for arthritis of any origin drugs that protect and restore cartilage. The following chondroprotectors are most commonly used:

  1. 1st generation drugs – Alflutop, Rumalon. They contain an extract from the cartilage and ligaments of animals, fish. Well absorbed, but sometimes cause allergies.
  2. Chondroprotectors of the 2nd generation are based on easily digestible forms of glucosamine and chondroitin: Mucosate, Structum.
  3. Medicines of 3 generations contain a complex of vitamins, minerals, anti-inflammatory components, chondroitin and glucosamine – Teraflex, Movex.

Chondroprotectors, like other medicines, are prescribed by a specialist. The treatment regimen and dosage are determined by the doctor based on the examination data and the patient’s condition. The duration of the course is at least 4-6 months.

In addition to chondroprotectors, intra-articular administration of hyaluronic acid derivatives (Ostenil, Sinvisk, Hyastat) is often used to alleviate the condition of the patient.

During the treatment of joint diseases, the prevention of osteoporosis based on increased calcium intake is necessary. For this, a diet rich in milk, fish and cottage cheese is used.

Osteoarthritis Therapy

The disease is characterized by the destruction of cartilage. To stop this process, chondroprotectors and intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid are used. To relieve pain and inflammation, analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed, including in the form of ointments, gels (Gialgel, Traumeel, Zell-T, Voltaren in the form of a gel, indomethacin ointment).

During therapy, it is necessary to reduce the physical load on the affected joint. With an exacerbation of articular pathology, a bandage is applied to the diseased joint, which fixes the finger and eliminates its overload. Physiotherapy is prescribed to the patient, adjustments are made to the diet (a diet enriched with foods containing calcium is recommended).

The main task of the recovery period is to prevent the formation of contracture and develop a damaged joint.

Treatment of gout

A patient with an exacerbation of this disease should be treated in a hospital. The period of intensive care is 1-2 weeks. During this time, with the help of properly selected treatment, it is possible to localize the pain syndrome, relieve swelling and inflammation. After discharge, the patient continues to be observed by a therapist and rheumatologist.

Medicines for gout are selected by the attending specialist based on the individual characteristics of the patient and the severity of the pathology. Often, a doctor has to combine various methods using complex treatment regimens.

In the initial stage of the disease, the patient is prescribed colchicine. The tool affects the metabolism of uric acid in the body and has a pronounced analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect in an acute attack of gout.

The main drug for the treatment of gout at all stages is Allopurinol. The tool prevents the formation and accumulation of urate deposits in the joint tissues and contributes to their dissolution and excretion from the body.

General recommendations for joint treatment

With any joint pathologies of the big toes, there are several tips, following which you can reduce the intensity of pain attacks:

  1. If pain and inflammation in the joints occur, the finger should be fixed in a fixed position until the causes of malaise are clarified.
  2. To minimize any load on the diseased joint – do not walk, give up “standing” work, stop playing sports.
  3. Wear comfortable or specially selected orthopedic shoes.
  4. To relieve discomfort, relieve swelling and inflammation will help warm foot baths with medicinal herbs or essential oils.
  5. To reduce the load on the sore joint, you can use orthopedic pads, which are sold in any pharmacy.

The treatment of the big toe should be comprehensive. In addition to tablets and injections, anti-inflammatory and analgesic ointments should be applied to the affected joint daily, physiotherapy should be done: magnetotherapy, applications of ozokerite and healing mud, and laser exposure.

With arthritis and osteoarthritis of the first toe, lotions with medical bile and Bischofite help well.

In unreleased cases, you can try to return (reposition) the damaged joint to its place. If the articular deformity is severe, the only treatment will be surgery.

Conclusion

Pain in the joint of the big toe is a sign of many, sometimes dangerous diseases. Each case deserves the closest attention and expert advice. Only a doctor can establish the correct diagnosis and advise how to treat joint pathology.

Why does the big toe joint hurt?

Human legs are under a lot of stress, because they fix the weight of the body. Especially “gets” in this regard, the feet and toes. It is in this part of the leg that people experience uncomfortable, and sometimes painful sensations.

Why the joint of the big toe hurts, what factors provoke this condition, you will learn from our article.

Clinical manifestations

The big toes have phalanges, joints located between them, and the metatarsal bone. They also consist of soft tissues, vascular network and nails. If any component finger is damaged, the person experiences pain.

Pain can be of varying degrees of intensity and nature.

If pain appears in this area, and there are no provoking factors for its appearance (bruise, nail that has grown into the skin), you should immediately consult a doctor. Such a pain syndrome is a signal about the developing processes of inflammation in the body.

Diagnosis and treatment of such diseases are carried out by rheumatologists or neurologists. Sometimes you need the help of a surgeon.

To make a correct diagnosis, the doctor conducts a visual examination, interviews the patient and, if necessary, prescribes an X-ray examination.

Several factors are important for diagnosis:

  • The presence or absence of a burning sensation of the foot, the manifestation of itching;
  • The color of the skin;
  • The presence of numbness or obvious changes in the temperature indicators of the skin;
  • Restriction of movement of the joints or their complete immobilization.

Attention is drawn to other important points:

  • What time does the pain syndrome manifest: at night or in the afternoon;
  • What precedes pain: it occurs after exertion or at rest;
  • Nature of pain;
  • Duration and frequency of manifestation;
  • The presence of concomitant symptoms.

Causes and their consequences

The reasons why the big toe hurts are many. The occurrence of pain can be associated with both external factors and internal pathologies.

The main external factors include the following reasons:

  • Injuries: bruise, dislocation or fracture;
  • Dry corns;
  • Ingrown nails under the skin.

Also, the occurrence of pain can be associated with pathological processes in the body:

The localization of the pain syndrome will help determine the initial diagnosis:

  • Pads – calluses, splinters or hematomas caused by injury;
  • Tumor – ingrown nail, accumulation of pus;
  • Joint pain – trauma to the soft tissues or joints themselves, excessive physical exertion, the use of shoes of the wrong size.

Let us consider in detail the manifestations of the most common reasons why the big toes hurt.

External (physiological) factors

Given the heavy load on the foot, often pain in the big toe occurs under the influence of external factors. These discomforts are not associated with disease. However, ignoring such causes can lead to serious consequences and prolonged treatment.

The provoking factors of this plan include:

  • A sedentary lifestyle, when a person spends a lot of time lying down;
  • Long-term physical effects on the legs (long walking or running);
  • A toe of a shoe not matching the size, having a narrow toe, high heel.

If you are haunted by pains in your toes, first of all you need to exclude the effects of the above factors. It is impossible to ignore such a pain syndrome: it is the root cause of the development of deforming osteoarthrosis.

Traumatic factors

The second most common reason why the thumbs hurt is injury.

Not only soft tissues can be injured. Joints and bones may be damaged after a strong blow or a heavy object falls.

There are several forms of thumb injuries:

  • Injury;
  • Injury of the nail plate;
  • Dislocation;
  • Ligamentous sprain;
  • Bone fracture.

Symptoms of injury toes are as follows:

  • During a bruise, a severe pain syndrome occurs, which after a while becomes moderate;
  • Edema envelops the pillow under the thumb;
  • Perhaps the appearance of hematomas;
  • Finger functionality limited;
  • In case of dislocation or fracture, the finger takes an unnatural appearance.

The symptomatology of all injuries is very similar. Therefore, after trauma to the big toe, it is imperative to seek medical help in order to exclude the possibility of dislocation or fracture with the help of an X-ray.

Pathological changes

Pain in the thumbs on the lower extremities may be the result of pathological changes in the joint and bone tissue, as well as the result of the development of some endocrine diseases.

The disease occurs due to such reasons:

  1. Chronic injury;
  2. The specifics of the anatomy of the foot (too wide);
  3. Flat feet;
  4. Frequent use of a narrow, with a heel that does not match the size of the shoes;
  5. Overweight;
  6. Excessive and regular stress on the joints of the thumbs.

The disease affects the fair sex 3 times more often than men.

A disease that causes metabolic disorders in the body. It is characterized by excessive production of uric acid, which “collects” in the tissues of the peripheral system, including the joints of the toes, causing severe inflammation.

The development of pathology is rapid. Pain syndrome most often occurs at night against the background of a general well-being. It is so strong that a person cannot step on a foot or touch it.

In addition to pain, there are other pronounced symptoms:

  1. Swelling;
  2. Discoloration of the skin;
  3. An increase in skin temperature.
  • Arthritis

With this pathology, the joint tissue undergoes severe inflammation, and the pain syndrome spreads to all toes, affecting even the little finger.

Until now, the causes of the disease have not been fully identified. However, it is believed that it is provoked by pathogenic microorganisms that have penetrated the bone tissue, or a sharp decrease in the body’s defenses.

This pathology is also associated with inflammatory processes in the joint tissue. Its main difference from arthritis is the progression of joint deformation.

Due to the change in the shape of the joint tissue, the mobility of the finger is limited, and an increase in connective tissue occurs.

If you do not start timely treatment of arthrosis under the thumb, deformational changes of the entire foot area will occur.

Manifested due to prolonged hypothermia of the legs or excessive physical exertion.

It occurs due to clogging of arteries with plaques of an atherosclerotic type.

The disease caused by metabolic disorders in the body provokes not only pain in the toes, but also a change in the color of their skin. The foot becomes whitish, becomes dry, small cracks appear on it, causing pain.

At the same time, the toe of the big toe often begins to hurt, its numbness is felt.

Patients call such changes “bulging bone”.

The disease is manifested by the slow growth of bone tissue at the base of the first toe. Deformation of the finger causes not only aesthetic discomfort, but also the pain that appears during movement.

Uncomfortable shoes, which affect the protruding bone, exacerbate the symptoms.

This problem is not a consequence of the disease, however, a nail ingrown into the skin causes swelling of the soft tissues, in which suppuration can begin.

The process begins due to improperly performed cosmetic procedures, when the nails are cut off not parallel to the finger. At the first appearance of an ingrown nail, you need to seek help from a surgeon, since it will be difficult to remove it yourself.

Preventive measures

All causes that cause pain in the big toe area require treatment. Most often, complex therapy is prescribed, which includes taking local and systemic medications, physiotherapy, and therapeutic exercises.

In order to prevent these serious problems from touching your fingers, you need to follow simple preventative measures:

  • Use comfortable shoes made of natural materials that match your size;
  • Limit wearing shoes with heels 3 hours a day;
  • Balance diet, limit alcohol consumption, smoking;
  • Provide proper cosmetic care for feet and nails;
  • Control weight.

It is difficult to avoid injury to the legs, but it is injuries that often cause irreversible effects in bone and articular tissue. Therefore, it is important to exercise caution in everyday life and professional activities.

Pain of any type in the area of ​​the fingers of the lower extremities requires consultation with a specialist. It is difficult to make a diagnosis on your own, therefore, you should not risk your health and without the help of doctors prescribe yourself treatment with folk remedies and medications.

The big toe hurts – what to do and how to treat

Edema, pain, heaviness in the legs, which most people periodically experience, introduces disharmony and violates the usual rhythm of life. Inconvenient shoes, a special mode of operation, sports loads, injuries can cause discomfort. The heel or arch of the foot, ankle joint, toes – under the gun of various diseases. Why does the big toe hurt and how to deal with it is one of the burning issues of the modern rhythm of life.

Possible causes of pain in the big toe

Inconvenient shoes, improper nutrition, excess weight, injuries and bumps during sports bring pain, numbness to the lower extremities. The presence of cones on the side of the foot, discomfort during bending, swelling of the nail zones or pads of the foot can be caused by the following reasons:

  • Household Injuries. The fall of heavy objects on the foot, dislocations and sprains often become the source of the fact that the big toe is swollen and sore.
  • Strengthened physical activity with insufficient sports training. A sedentary lifestyle, extra pounds of weight give an extra load.
  • Professional sports. Dislocations of the joints of the thumb on both the right foot and the left foot of athletes of athletes are often associated with increased load during the push.
  • “Wrong” shoes.
  • Features of work. An eight-hour working day without the opportunity to sit down threatens with heaviness from the bottom of the foot, swelling of the thumbs.
  • Poor pedicure.
  • Congenital or acquired diseases.

What diseases can trigger pain

Inflammation of any joint in the human body is called arthritis. If your big toe hurts, redness or swelling of this area appears, mobility of the metatarsal phalanx has decreased, you should definitely consult a doctor. Arthritis happens:

  1. Infectious. Untreated viral diseases reduce general immunity. Streptococci penetrate into the joint, destroying the cartilaginous tissue. It begins asymptomatically, gradually turning into aching, stitching pain. The attacks are stronger at night, gradually subside in the morning.
  2. Deficit (excess). The lack, as well as an overabundance of minerals, vitamins, and salts, leads to metabolic disturbances. The result is the accumulation of harmful deposits in the area of ​​the big toe, which often hurts when exerted.

The causes of changes in the structure and action of the joints of the thumb are diseases such as:

  • Arthrosis These are soft tissue disorders and negative changes in cartilage.

  • Osteoporosis. A decrease in bone tissue that enhances bone fragility. Caused by a deficiency of calcium and phosphorus.

  • Big toe bursitis. Inflammation of the inter-articular sac – bags. Reasons: excess salts in the body, deformity of the feet, immune disorders.

  • Flat valgus deformity of the foot. A disease called gout, a bone on the foot. This is the displacement of the big toes inward, while they dramatically lose mobility, hurt.

  • Morton’s neuroma. Pinched nerves, resulting in a thickening of the soft tissues around them. Burning limbs, cramps and tingling are symptoms of the disease.

  • Damage to the ankle joint. Tearing of ligaments, dislocations, sprains disturb the blood circulation of the foot, big toes are numb, swollen.

  • Diabetes. With such diseases, any pain in the limbs is an occasion to consult a specialist. Violation of the blood circulation of the foot without surgical treatment leads to gangrene and amputation.

If a bone hurts near the thumb

The formation of swelling at the beginning of the phalanx of the thumb often becomes the beginning of big trouble. It is necessary to find out the cause of bone formation:

  • Gout. It occurs as a result of the accumulation of uric acid salts in the joint. They are gradually calcified, causing the growth of the lateral cone on the legs.
  • Hallux valgus – thumb deformity. Physiological reasons are the internal inclination of the foot, which causes significant bone growth on the side and displacement (deviation) to the side. It is considered a “female disease.”
  • Bursitis promotes the growth of a painfully red, swollen cone in the phalanx of the first finger due to proliferation and untimely disposal of joint fluid in the “bag”.

Joint of the big toe hurts

Pain in the joint of the thumb is caused by arthrosis or arthritis. A timely visit to a specialist will help get rid of discomfort. Otherwise, the joint will gradually “wear out”, surgical intervention will be required. The cause of burning, aching pain at the base of the big toe is damage to the ankle ligaments as a result of significant physical activity or weight.

Severe pain near the nail when pressed or walking

What hurts the area around the toenail at rest or when walking? Unsuccessful pedicures, damage to the cuticle of the nail plate, fungal lesions, unsanitary conditions, ingrown corners of nails often become the impetus for the appearance of redness, swelling and pain of a different nature. If purulent infection has occurred, it is preferable to consult a surgeon to avoid joint damage.

Uncomfortable shoes with a sharp toe, a mismatch in the size of the shoes and feet cause a mechanical impact on the thumb, squeezing it; walking in heels increases pressure on the pads, infringing on the nerve endings.

If the big toe is swollen and sore

To understand what to do if the big toe is swollen and sore, you need to find out the cause. Often the basis of pain is physical trauma, when edema occurs at the site of a bruise, shock, sprain. Provide the foot with rest for several days, to relieve symptoms, use anesthetics, vaso-healing ointments.

An ingrown nail that festers causes a sharp, jerking pain inside the joint and the appearance of a tumor. Warm baths of saline, antiseptics, folk remedies – celandine, chamomile – will help get rid of inflammation. Inconvenient shoes, high heels combined with work on the feet are a frequent cause of swelling of both the foot pads and the big toes.

What to do and what treatment to take

For pain in the toes, it is advisable to consult a specialist. General recommendations for prevention will be as follows:

  • wearing comfortable shoes with a heel of 3-5 cm;
  • purchase of orthopedic shoes;
  • adherence to a salt-free diet, a minimum of fatty, spicy, sweet;
  • weight loss;
  • selection of proven nail salons;
  • wearing special shoes in common areas: swimming pools, on beaches, sports clubs.

With deforming osteoporosis

The destruction of the cartilage around the joint as a result of rapid aging, wear leads to cracks, and even complete destruction. As a result, articular tissue is deformed and the bone is exposed. If the big toe hurts, you should reduce physical activity during exacerbation. Physiotherapy procedures – electrophoresis, UHF, magnetic therapy – help relieve pain. Chondroprotective ointments, anti-inflammatory drugs, painkillers are constant companions for the treatment of deforming osteoarthrosis.

The deposition of salts of urolithic acids is fraught with painful inflammation and the growth of a cone on the side of the foot. An acute attack of pain is removed at home by applying ice. For the duration of your recovery, sharply limit your intake of protein foods. Turning to a rheumatologist will help determine the degree of development of gout. To stop the attack, the doctor will select anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs, drugs that quickly remove uric acid from the body. The most important means of combating the disease will be a strict salt-free diet with a limited intake of protein.

With nail fungus

Mycotic lesions are difficult to cure on their own. Advertised generic drugs often remove symptoms but do not cure the disease. Swelling, inflammation around the nail plate, redness can be effectively eliminated after passing tests and consulting a mycologist. Having determined the type of the afflicting fungus, the area of ​​infection, the severity, the specialist prescribes antimycotic drugs, immunostimulants, ointments and creams. Soap and soda baths, herbal decoctions will be a good help at home.

Ingrown Nail Treatment

The ingrowth of the nail plate is the reason why the toenails hurt. Acute bouts of pain are eliminated by surgical intervention. The initial stage of this disease is treatable at home:

  • Softening salt baths help relieve stress. Soft skin, cuticle “release” the ingrown toenail.
  • The length of the nail plate should reach the tip of the finger. Avoid short pedicures and regular varnishes.
  • The shape of the nail is straight. Attached with sharp scissors. Sharp files remove sharp corners.
  • Herbal infusions act as an antiseptic, relieve swelling and inflammation.

Which doctor should i contact for diagnosis of the disease

If the big toe hurts for a long time, the pain is acute, it hardly calms down – this is an occasion to consult a specialist. The therapist will conduct an initial examination, and if necessary, will refer you to a narrow-profile doctor. A visit to a cardiologist and rheumatologist will help eliminate heart disease. Hormonal disorders are administered by the endocrinologist. An orthopedic surgeon will fight arthritis, arthrosis and other foot disorders. A traumatologist will tell you how to get rid of pain in the big toes due to sprains, bruises, dislocations.

Why does the big toe joint hurt?

Human legs are under a lot of stress, because they fix the weight of the body. Especially “gets” in this regard, the feet and toes. It is in this part of the leg that people experience uncomfortable, and sometimes painful sensations.

Why the joint of the big toe hurts, what factors provoke this condition, you will learn from our article.

Clinical manifestations

The big toes have phalanges, joints located between them, and the metatarsal bone. They also consist of soft tissues, vascular network and nails. If any component finger is damaged, the person experiences pain.

Pain can be of varying degrees of intensity and nature.

If pain appears in this area, and there are no provoking factors for its appearance (bruise, nail that has grown into the skin), you should immediately consult a doctor. Such a pain syndrome is a signal about the developing processes of inflammation in the body.

Diagnosis and treatment of such diseases are carried out by rheumatologists or neurologists. Sometimes you need the help of a surgeon.

To make a correct diagnosis, the doctor conducts a visual examination, interviews the patient and, if necessary, prescribes an X-ray examination.

Several factors are important for diagnosis:

  • The presence or absence of a burning sensation of the foot, the manifestation of itching;
  • The color of the skin;
  • The presence of numbness or obvious changes in the temperature indicators of the skin;
  • Restriction of movement of the joints or their complete immobilization.

Attention is drawn to other important points:

  • What time does the pain syndrome manifest: at night or in the afternoon;
  • What precedes pain: it occurs after exertion or at rest;
  • Nature of pain;
  • Duration and frequency of manifestation;
  • The presence of concomitant symptoms.

Causes and their consequences

The reasons why the big toe hurts are many. The occurrence of pain can be associated with both external factors and internal pathologies.

The main external factors include the following reasons:

  • Injuries: bruise, dislocation or fracture;
  • Dry corns;
  • Ingrown nails under the skin.

Also, the occurrence of pain can be associated with pathological processes in the body:

The localization of the pain syndrome will help determine the initial diagnosis:

  • Pads – calluses, splinters or hematomas caused by injury;
  • Tumor – ingrown nail, accumulation of pus;
  • Joint pain – trauma to the soft tissues or joints themselves, excessive physical exertion, the use of shoes of the wrong size.

Let us consider in detail the manifestations of the most common reasons why the big toes hurt.

External (physiological) factors

Given the heavy load on the foot, often pain in the big toe occurs under the influence of external factors. These discomforts are not associated with disease. However, ignoring such causes can lead to serious consequences and prolonged treatment.

The provoking factors of this plan include:

  • A sedentary lifestyle, when a person spends a lot of time lying down;
  • Long-term physical effects on the legs (long walking or running);
  • A toe of a shoe not matching the size, having a narrow toe, high heel.

If you are haunted by pains in your toes, first of all you need to exclude the effects of the above factors. It is impossible to ignore such a pain syndrome: it is the root cause of the development of deforming osteoarthrosis.

Traumatic factors

The second most common reason why the thumbs hurt is injury.

Not only soft tissues can be injured. Joints and bones may be damaged after a strong blow or a heavy object falls.

There are several forms of thumb injuries:

  • Injury;
  • Injury of the nail plate;
  • Dislocation;
  • Ligamentous sprain;
  • Bone fracture.

Symptoms of injury toes are as follows:

  • During a bruise, a severe pain syndrome occurs, which after a while becomes moderate;
  • Edema envelops the pillow under the thumb;
  • Perhaps the appearance of hematomas;
  • Finger functionality limited;
  • In case of dislocation or fracture, the finger takes an unnatural appearance.

The symptomatology of all injuries is very similar. Therefore, after trauma to the big toe, it is imperative to seek medical help in order to exclude the possibility of dislocation or fracture with the help of an X-ray.

Pathological changes

Pain in the thumbs on the lower extremities may be the result of pathological changes in the joint and bone tissue, as well as the result of the development of some endocrine diseases.

The disease occurs due to such reasons:

  1. Chronic injury;
  2. The specifics of the anatomy of the foot (too wide);
  3. Flat feet;
  4. Frequent use of a narrow, with a heel that does not match the size of the shoes;
  5. Overweight;
  6. Excessive and regular stress on the joints of the thumbs.

The disease affects the fair sex 3 times more often than men.

A disease that causes metabolic disorders in the body. It is characterized by excessive production of uric acid, which “collects” in the tissues of the peripheral system, including the joints of the toes, causing severe inflammation.

The development of pathology is rapid. Pain syndrome most often occurs at night against the background of a general well-being. It is so strong that a person cannot step on a foot or touch it.

In addition to pain, there are other pronounced symptoms:

  1. Swelling;
  2. Discoloration of the skin;
  3. An increase in skin temperature.
  • Arthritis

With this pathology, the joint tissue undergoes severe inflammation, and the pain syndrome spreads to all toes, affecting even the little finger.

Until now, the causes of the disease have not been fully identified. However, it is believed that it is provoked by pathogenic microorganisms that have penetrated the bone tissue, or a sharp decrease in the body’s defenses.

This pathology is also associated with inflammatory processes in the joint tissue. Its main difference from arthritis is the progression of joint deformation.

Due to the change in the shape of the joint tissue, the mobility of the finger is limited, and an increase in connective tissue occurs.

If you do not start timely treatment of arthrosis under the thumb, deformational changes of the entire foot area will occur.

Manifested due to prolonged hypothermia of the legs or excessive physical exertion.

It occurs due to clogging of arteries with plaques of an atherosclerotic type.

The disease caused by metabolic disorders in the body provokes not only pain in the toes, but also a change in the color of their skin. The foot becomes whitish, becomes dry, small cracks appear on it, causing pain.

At the same time, the toe of the big toe often begins to hurt, its numbness is felt.

Patients call such changes “bulging bone”.

The disease is manifested by the slow growth of bone tissue at the base of the first toe. Deformation of the finger causes not only aesthetic discomfort, but also the pain that appears during movement.

Uncomfortable shoes, which affect the protruding bone, exacerbate the symptoms.

This problem is not a consequence of the disease, however, a nail ingrown into the skin causes swelling of the soft tissues, in which suppuration can begin.

The process begins due to improperly performed cosmetic procedures, when the nails are cut off not parallel to the finger. At the first appearance of an ingrown nail, you need to seek help from a surgeon, since it will be difficult to remove it yourself.

Preventive measures

All causes that cause pain in the big toe area require treatment. Most often, complex therapy is prescribed, which includes taking local and systemic medications, physiotherapy, and therapeutic exercises.

In order to prevent these serious problems from touching your fingers, you need to follow simple preventative measures:

  • Use comfortable shoes made of natural materials that match your size;
  • Limit wearing shoes with heels 3 hours a day;
  • Balance diet, limit alcohol consumption, smoking;
  • Provide proper cosmetic care for feet and nails;
  • Control weight.

It is difficult to avoid injury to the legs, but it is injuries that often cause irreversible effects in bone and articular tissue. Therefore, it is important to exercise caution in everyday life and professional activities.

Pain of any type in the area of ​​the fingers of the lower extremities requires consultation with a specialist. It is difficult to make a diagnosis on your own, therefore, you should not risk your health and without the help of doctors prescribe yourself treatment with folk remedies and medications.

The big toe hurts – what to do and how to treat

Edema, pain, heaviness in the legs, which most people periodically experience, introduces disharmony and violates the usual rhythm of life. Inconvenient shoes, a special mode of operation, sports loads, injuries can cause discomfort. The heel or arch of the foot, ankle joint, toes – under the gun of various diseases. Why does the big toe hurt and how to deal with it is one of the burning issues of the modern rhythm of life.

Possible causes of pain in the big toe

Inconvenient shoes, improper nutrition, excess weight, injuries and bumps during sports bring pain, numbness to the lower extremities. The presence of cones on the side of the foot, discomfort during bending, swelling of the nail zones or pads of the foot can be caused by the following reasons:

  • Household Injuries. The fall of heavy objects on the foot, dislocations and sprains often become the source of the fact that the big toe is swollen and sore.
  • Strengthened physical activity with insufficient sports training. A sedentary lifestyle, extra pounds of weight give an extra load.
  • Professional sports. Dislocations of the joints of the thumb on both the right foot and the left foot of athletes of athletes are often associated with increased load during the push.
  • “Wrong” shoes.
  • Features of work. An eight-hour working day without the opportunity to sit down threatens with heaviness from the bottom of the foot, swelling of the thumbs.
  • Poor pedicure.
  • Congenital or acquired diseases.

What diseases can trigger pain

Inflammation of any joint in the human body is called arthritis. If your big toe hurts, redness or swelling of this area appears, mobility of the metatarsal phalanx has decreased, you should definitely consult a doctor. Arthritis happens:

  1. Infectious. Untreated viral diseases reduce general immunity. Streptococci penetrate into the joint, destroying the cartilaginous tissue. It begins asymptomatically, gradually turning into aching, stitching pain. The attacks are stronger at night, gradually subside in the morning.
  2. Deficit (excess). The lack, as well as an overabundance of minerals, vitamins, and salts, leads to metabolic disturbances. The result is the accumulation of harmful deposits in the area of ​​the big toe, which often hurts when exerted.

The causes of changes in the structure and action of the joints of the thumb are diseases such as:

  • Arthrosis These are soft tissue disorders and negative changes in cartilage.

  • Osteoporosis. A decrease in bone tissue that enhances bone fragility. Caused by a deficiency of calcium and phosphorus.

  • Big toe bursitis. Inflammation of the inter-articular sac – bags. Reasons: excess salts in the body, deformity of the feet, immune disorders.

  • Flat valgus deformity of the foot. A disease called gout, a bone on the foot. This is the displacement of the big toes inward, while they dramatically lose mobility, hurt.

  • Morton’s neuroma. Pinched nerves, resulting in a thickening of the soft tissues around them. Burning limbs, cramps and tingling are symptoms of the disease.

  • Damage to the ankle joint. Tearing of ligaments, dislocations, sprains disturb the blood circulation of the foot, big toes are numb, swollen.

  • Diabetes. With such diseases, any pain in the limbs is an occasion to consult a specialist. Violation of the blood circulation of the foot without surgical treatment leads to gangrene and amputation.

If a bone hurts near the thumb

The formation of swelling at the beginning of the phalanx of the thumb often becomes the beginning of big trouble. It is necessary to find out the cause of bone formation:

  • Gout. It occurs as a result of the accumulation of uric acid salts in the joint. They are gradually calcified, causing the growth of the lateral cone on the legs.
  • Hallux valgus – thumb deformity. Physiological reasons are the internal inclination of the foot, which causes significant bone growth on the side and displacement (deviation) to the side. It is considered a “female disease.”
  • Bursitis promotes the growth of a painfully red, swollen cone in the phalanx of the first finger due to proliferation and untimely disposal of joint fluid in the “bag”.

Joint of the big toe hurts

Pain in the joint of the thumb is caused by arthrosis or arthritis. A timely visit to a specialist will help get rid of discomfort. Otherwise, the joint will gradually “wear out”, surgical intervention will be required. The cause of burning, aching pain at the base of the big toe is damage to the ankle ligaments as a result of significant physical activity or weight.

Severe pain near the nail when pressed or walking

What hurts the area around the toenail at rest or when walking? Unsuccessful pedicures, damage to the cuticle of the nail plate, fungal lesions, unsanitary conditions, ingrown corners of nails often become the impetus for the appearance of redness, swelling and pain of a different nature. If purulent infection has occurred, it is preferable to consult a surgeon to avoid joint damage.

Uncomfortable shoes with a sharp toe, a mismatch in the size of the shoes and feet cause a mechanical impact on the thumb, squeezing it; walking in heels increases pressure on the pads, infringing on the nerve endings.

If the big toe is swollen and sore

To understand what to do if the big toe is swollen and sore, you need to find out the cause. Often the basis of pain is physical trauma, when edema occurs at the site of a bruise, shock, sprain. Provide the foot with rest for several days, to relieve symptoms, use anesthetics, vaso-healing ointments.

An ingrown nail that festers causes a sharp, jerking pain inside the joint and the appearance of a tumor. Warm baths of saline, antiseptics, folk remedies – celandine, chamomile – will help get rid of inflammation. Inconvenient shoes, high heels combined with work on the feet are a frequent cause of swelling of both the foot pads and the big toes.

What to do and what treatment to take

For pain in the toes, it is advisable to consult a specialist. General recommendations for prevention will be as follows:

  • wearing comfortable shoes with a heel of 3-5 cm;
  • purchase of orthopedic shoes;
  • adherence to a salt-free diet, a minimum of fatty, spicy, sweet;
  • weight loss;
  • selection of proven nail salons;
  • wearing special shoes in common areas: swimming pools, on beaches, sports clubs.

With deforming osteoporosis

The destruction of the cartilage around the joint as a result of rapid aging, wear leads to cracks, and even complete destruction. As a result, articular tissue is deformed and the bone is exposed. If the big toe hurts, you should reduce physical activity during exacerbation. Physiotherapy procedures – electrophoresis, UHF, magnetic therapy – help relieve pain. Chondroprotective ointments, anti-inflammatory drugs, painkillers are constant companions for the treatment of deforming osteoarthrosis.

The deposition of salts of urolithic acids is fraught with painful inflammation and the growth of a cone on the side of the foot. An acute attack of pain is removed at home by applying ice. For the duration of your recovery, sharply limit your intake of protein foods. Turning to a rheumatologist will help determine the degree of development of gout. To stop the attack, the doctor will select anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs, drugs that quickly remove uric acid from the body. The most important means of combating the disease will be a strict salt-free diet with a limited intake of protein.

With nail fungus

Mycotic lesions are difficult to cure on their own. Advertised generic drugs often remove symptoms but do not cure the disease. Swelling, inflammation around the nail plate, redness can be effectively eliminated after passing tests and consulting a mycologist. Having determined the type of the afflicting fungus, the area of ​​infection, the severity, the specialist prescribes antimycotic drugs, immunostimulants, ointments and creams. Soap and soda baths, herbal decoctions will be a good help at home.

Ingrown Nail Treatment

The ingrowth of the nail plate is the reason why the toenails hurt. Acute bouts of pain are eliminated by surgical intervention. The initial stage of this disease is treatable at home:

  • Softening salt baths help relieve stress. Soft skin, cuticle “release” the ingrown toenail.
  • The length of the nail plate should reach the tip of the finger. Avoid short pedicures and regular varnishes.
  • The shape of the nail is straight. Attached with sharp scissors. Sharp files remove sharp corners.
  • Herbal infusions act as an antiseptic, relieve swelling and inflammation.

Which doctor should i contact for diagnosis of the disease

If the big toe hurts for a long time, the pain is acute, it hardly calms down – this is an occasion to consult a specialist. The therapist will conduct an initial examination, and if necessary, will refer you to a narrow-profile doctor. A visit to a cardiologist and rheumatologist will help eliminate heart disease. Hormonal disorders are administered by the endocrinologist. An orthopedic surgeon will fight arthritis, arthrosis and other foot disorders. A traumatologist will tell you how to get rid of pain in the big toes due to sprains, bruises, dislocations.

Joint of the big toe hurts

Toes carry a considerable load, so unpleasant sensations appear repeatedly. The joint of the big toe hurts more often than the rest of the phalanges. This is due to the fact that he is more susceptible to injuries, bruises and pathological effects more than others. When a pain syndrome appears, it is difficult not to pay attention to it, so you can not do without the help of a doctor.

Why does pain appear?

In the area of ​​the big toe, a feeling of numbness may occur, the cause of which is excess weight, uncomfortable shoes, bruises. Pain near the nail plate or when bent appears under the influence of the following physiological reasons:

  • Sport. Dislocations at the base of the thumb are a characteristic damage for athletes due to increased load during exercise or inadequate preparation.
  • Inconvenient shoes.
  • Work specifics. Prolonged standing causes swelling of the foot and fingers.
  • Excess weight. Excess kilograms add extra load to the feet.

If a toe sore, it turns red and difficult to bend, the temperature of the soft tissues is high, you should immediately consult a doctor.

Injuries and minor injuries

Microtraumas go unnoticed, but they can be received more often than serious bodily disorders. Damage due to external factors immediately causes pain in the big toe and the following symptoms:

  • the fingertip is numb
  • soft tissues swell
  • bruising appears.

Common damages include:

  • Household injury. It is immediately noticeable that the finger hit on the subject has increased in size, it starts to hurt.
  • Ingrown nail. Poorly executed cleaning, trimming leads to the fact that the corner of the nail deepens into a soft tissue. Near this place, the skin swells, an inflammatory process develops.
  • Partial bone integrity or fracture.

Diseases as causes of pain

Arthritis and its types

Recognizing joint inflammation is easy. The pain in the joint is symmetrical, tugging at the same time in the joints of the fingers of both the left foot and the right. The big toes next to the nail sometimes hurt. It hurts all the time: at rest, while moving. Redness, an increase in the temperature of the tissues around the joints are noted, they swell.

Arthritis is divided into types:

  • Allergic. The inflammatory process appears as an immune response to allergens.
  • Infectious. Not fully cured streptococcal infection penetrates the cartilage tissue, destroys them.
  • Reactive arthritis. The reaction of an organism to a pathology in any organ or system. It may appear even in a child. You need to treat the underlying disease, then the result of therapy will be favorable.
  • Psoriatic This species is caused by autoimmune disorders, accompanied by psoriasis.

Gout – “the disease of the kings”

The disease develops due to a violation of protein metabolism in the body. The uric acid content increases, it is deposited in mobile compounds. Pathology is characterized by an acute onset, with no apparent reason. The pain appears suddenly, usually at night. It is so strong and sharp that it is impossible to touch the edge of the phalanx. There is no symmetrical damage to the joint of the fingers of the left and right legs.

Dystrophic arthrosis

The pathological process leads to the destruction of cartilage. In women, the disease is more common than in men. The pain is intermittent, aggravated by walking and exertion, passes at rest. Pathology develops in stages:

  1. The pain is slight, aching closer to the night or after exercise. A lump near the thumb becomes noticeable.
  2. Acute pain, is permanent after exertion. The bulge becomes more noticeable, obviously the displacement of one finger to another.
  3. The big toe hurts. He completely goes below the second. The size of the bulge on the foot increases.

Articular bursitis

If the thumb is not just sore, but swollen and red, most likely, an inflammatory process develops in the mucous bag of the joint. Swelling is characterized by mobility, when pressed, it responds with pain and is visually noticeable. The disease can be treated with folk remedies, but only under the clear guidance of a doctor.

Additional symptoms

Throbbing pain is a signal for the development of inflammation, but not the only sign or indicator of the severity of the pathology. The intensity of sensations can vary, in addition, redness and swelling appear in parallel. Other characteristic symptoms also develop:

  • Motor activity is disturbed, the thumb does not bend.
  • Pain sensations intensify after exercise.
  • An increase in the temperature of the soft tissues near the affected joint is noted.
  • The general state of health worsens, the protective and compensatory function of the body is turned on.

Methods of diagnosis

If the big toe is ill and other signs of pathology develop, you need to determine the cause of the disease and undergo the necessary treatment course.

The first person you need to contact is a therapist. Having collected an anamnesis, he will decide how the patient should proceed: to take tests or go to a consultation with another specialist. In connection with the similarity of symptoms of pathologies, it will be necessary to undergo an X-ray examination. It will help to identify the presence and nature of bone disorders. In the absence of such, the next step will be an ultrasound, with which the joints, ligaments and muscles are studied. A biochemical blood test is taken if gout and arthritis are suspected.

Which treatment is appropriate?

Treatment of the disease is important at the beginning of its development, untimely provision of medical care can lead to irreversible processes in the joint. At an early stage, drugs can be dispensed with to relieve inflammation and reduce pain. It is enough to do compresses, physiotherapy and injections to relieve pain. With an advanced disease, an integrated approach will be required.

Medicines and Surgery

The following drugs are used as drug therapy:

  • non-steroidal or steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,
  • painkillers injections
  • chondoprotectors.

To reduce the load on the joint, a special fixing bandage is used. To improve blood circulation, reduce muscle tension and remove toxic substances from the focus of inflammation, the doctor prescribes massage. But in severe cases, the only correct method of therapy to restore the functions of the finger is surgery.

Folk remedies

Recipes of traditional medicine are better in combination with the therapy of the underlying disease, because they are not considered the primary method, but secondary. As a supportive treatment, the following folk remedies are used:

  • shabby onion compress
  • pounded chalk with kefir,
  • decoctions of hypericum, lingonberry leaves,
  • fir oil.

Prevention of pain in the joints of the big toe

When wearing comfortable shoes, there are far fewer problems with the legs. In addition, the joints do not tolerate excess weight and cold. It is important that when unpleasant sensations appear, immediately pay attention to them and consult a doctor. Timely diagnosis of the disease is the key to a speedy recovery and preservation of the motor function of the foot.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.

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