Fluid in the patella

Excessive synovial fluid is formed in the knee joint after an injury or due to the progression of inflammatory joint disease. Such a disease has a name – synovitis, it can occur in adults and in children. If the pathology is diagnosed in a timely manner, it will be possible to get rid of it conservatively. But when a lot of exudate accumulates in the joint cavity, a bacterial infection joins, and it is not possible to eliminate the disease with conservative methods, it will only be possible to cure the problem surgically.

The content of the article
  1. The role of joint fluid
  2. Reasons for increasing
  3. What causes a lack of fluid?
  4. Symptoms of Violation
  5. Diagnosis of flu >
  6. What treatment is prescribed?
  7. Medication
  8. When does the need for surgery arise?
  9. Exercises
  10. Folk remedies
  11. Complications
  12. What to do to prevent pathology?
  13. Fluid in the knee joint: what to do with congestion under the cup
  14. Etiological factors of synovitis
  15. Clinical manifestations
  16. Help with fluid buildup in the knee joint bag
  17. How to remove fluid at home
  18. The use of comfrey ointment
  19. Decoction made from rye grain
  20. Bay oil
  21. Turpentine ointment
  22. Lemon juice
  23. Fluid in the knee joint: what to do
  24. Synovial fluid functions
  25. Causes of fluid accumulation in the knee
  26. symptomatology
  27. Diagnostic measures
  28. Operative therapy
  29. Pathogenetic therapy
  30. Physiotherapy
  31. Folk treatment
  32. Fluid in the knee joint – treatment
  33. The main causes and risk factors for flu >The following conditions can cause fluid to appear: • Injury to the knee: bumps, bruises, dislocations, sprains and tears of the ligaments, fractures. • Joint diseases: arthritis and arthrosis. • Other diseases: neoplasms, blood flow disorders.
  34. Symptoms and diagnosis of effusion in the knee joint
  35. Treatment of flu >Regardless of the diagnosis of the causes of the appearance of water in the knee, the treatment at the first stage will consist of drainage of the knee and administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The fluid pumping procedure is performed without anesthesia or under local anesthesia. Using a syringe and a special needle, excess fluid is removed, and antibiotics are injected into the joint cavity to prevent infection. After the knee joint is immobilized with a knee pad or orthopedic dressing. In the future, the complex for treating fluid in the knee joint may vary. But an approximate scheme is as follows: • Pain medications (Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Nimesil); • Acceptance of broad-spectrum antibiotics. • Injections of glucocorticosteroid hormones (Dexamethasone, Prednisol). • Operation. Treatment of fluid in the knee can be performed with surgery (arthroscopy, arthrocentesis, or endoprosthetics).
  36. Folk recipes against water in the knee
  37. All about joints
  38. Description of the state
  39. Symptoms of fluid accumulation in the knee joint
  40. Treatment
  41. The basic principles of treatment
  42. Medication Therapy
  43. Surgical intervention
  44. Folk remedies
  45. Fluid in the knee
  46. How to understand that the knee began to accumulate fluid? What are the symptoms?
  47. What injuries and diseases does fluid accumulate in the knee?
  48. How is the doctor diagnosed the cause of fluid in the knee?
  49. Which doctor should I go to and what will he do? Treatment
  50. Should I continue to play sports? In which sport is the knee most injured?
  51. Folk techniques from the accumulation of exudate in the knee
  52. What can the accumulation of fluid in the knee lead to if measures are not taken?
  53. What exercises will help remove fluid from the knee?

The role of joint fluid

Inter-articular fluid is a lubricant that prevents friction of bone and cartilage articular structures with each other during movement. The formation of exudate occurs in the synovial membrane surrounding the joint. Thanks to this bag, the joint is protected from damage, and when walking the load on the legs is evenly distributed. For the joint to properly fulfill its physiological purpose, 2-3 ml of exudate is enough. The largest bursa is the patella, located in the patella, in its upper pole. This bag is called the top inversion. In case of injuries and damage to the joint, pus with blood and serous fluid accumulate in twists.

A lack or excess of joint fluid inside the knee is considered a serious pathology, which is important to treat in a timely manner. The accumulation of exudate and the formation of effusion leads to dangerous consequences that disrupt the normal functioning of the limbs and cause characteristic symptoms.

Most often, fluid accumulates in the knee joints, because they are more prone to injuries and diseases of all kinds. Synovitis of the elbow, wrist, ankle joint is much less often diagnosed.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Reasons for increasing

The accumulation of fluid in the knee joint provokes inflammation localized in the synovial bags. This pathology is called synovitis. The factors that provoke such a violation are diverse, but the most common are:

  • injury, dislocation, subluxation, fracture, knee injury,
  • rupture of the meniscus or capsule-ligamentous apparatus,
  • progression of articular degenerative-dystrophic disease,
  • the formation of tumors of various etiologies,
  • complicated infectious disease
  • allergic reaction,
  • hemophilia.

Water in the knee is formed in people with congenital pathologies of the structure of the musculoskeletal system. Also, the joint often swells in men and women whose work is associated with a constant load on the lower limbs. Athletes involved in traumatic sports are susceptible to the disease. After a stroke, there is a high risk of damage to the synovial bag, resulting in a knee tumor that needs to be properly treated.

What causes a lack of fluid?

A small amount of exudate or its complete absence in the knee is also not the norm. Most often, this condition is observed in older people, it is associated with age-related physiological changes in the body, as a result of which the production of hyaluronic acid decreases. Little synovia stands out for other reasons:

  • decreased immune defense,
  • the progression of complicated infectious pathologies, in which the volume of exudate in the body decreases,
  • non-compliance with the drinking regime,
  • helminthiasis
  • poor nutrition containing few essential substances
  • excessive physical exertion, due to which the fluid in the knee does not have time to be produced in the required volume.

Symptoms of Violation

When there is not enough synovia in the joint area, the patient feels a crunch and creak when moving with his knee. If the norm of exudate production is not restored, the person will begin to worry about pain while walking, in advanced cases, negative consequences develop in the form of articular degenerative-dystrophic diseases, leading to the destruction of joint structures. This condition is dangerous, as it can cause disability of the patient.

If an excessive amount of fluid collects in the knee joint under the cup, swelling, redness and a local increase in temperature appear. The person begins to worry about acute pain, in advanced cases, a purulent effusion forms, which is important to urgently pump out in order to avoid dangerous complications. It is impossible to determine independently, due to which a large amount of liquid was formed. So that the pathology does not progress further, it is necessary to find out the diagnosis and, if necessary, pump out the pathological exudate.

Diagnosis of flu >

If articular fluid is accumulated in the upper inversion or it is produced in deficiency, it is painful for a person to move around, and edema has formed on the cup, it is forbidden to make diagnoses to yourself. It is urgent to visit a doctor who will be able to understand, because of which fluid appears in an abnormal amount in the knee joint. The patient will be referred for such diagnostic tests:

  • clinical and biochemical blood test,
  • puncture of articular exudate,
  • radiography
  • arthroscopy
  • CT or MRI
  • Ultrasound of the joint.

What treatment is prescribed?


A lack of synovia restores a drug that contains hyaluronic acid in sufficient quantities. To get the proper effect of therapy, it is necessary to be treated with courses. The doctor should prescribe the scheme, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient’s body.

If the resulting joint fluid contains pus, it is necessary to eliminate the inflammatory signs with the help of antibiotics. Often, broad-spectrum drugs are prescribed. So that the synovia can resolve faster without pumping, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. They quickly eliminate inflammation, swelling, and pain. Effective drugs of this group:

If the inflammation is immunocomplex, corticosteroids are prescribed, which are introduced into the affected knee. For treatment, apply:

Anti-inflammatory ointments and gels will help remove fluid under the skin and relieve pain:

Autoimmune pathologies such as rheumatoid arthritis can increase fluid production. In this case, antihistamines are prescribed to eliminate the cause of the violation:

When does the need for surgery arise?

If, after conservative treatment, the free fluid does not go away and the risk of bacterial infection is high, pathological exudate is pumped out by puncture. Pumping is carried out by a special needle, which is inserted directly into the joint cavity. After all the fluid has drained, corticosteroid drugs, NSAIDs, and antibiotics are introduced into the joint to help prevent complications.

Sometimes pumping out pathological exudate does not bring an effect, then the doctor decides to conduct diagnostic and therapeutic arthroscopy. During the procedure, fluid is pumped out, after which the synovial membrane is completely or partially removed. After arthroscopy, rehabilitation and restorative therapy are carried out. If synovitis provoked deformation of the joint structures and the functionality of the legs is impaired, prosthetics are performed. The procedure is complicated, in order to avoid complications after knee replacement, it is important to strictly follow all the doctor’s recommendations.


Dr. Bubnovsky has developed a special training package for diseased joints, with which you can quickly get rid of the problem and restore the functioning of the limbs. It is recommended to perform such exercises daily:

  • When lying or sitting, pull the socks of both legs towards you as much as possible.
  • Lie on your back, lift your legs at right angles to the floor. Try to stretch your socks as high as possible, tensing the muscles of the knee and hips.
  • Extremities to be placed shoulder width apart. Make a semi-squat, linger in this position for 15-20 seconds.

Folk remedies

In order for the excess fluid to come out faster, you can use unconventional recipes, having previously agreed on the method of their use with the doctor. Such funds will help relieve swelling:

  • Grind aloe leaf, mix with honey. It turns out a thick slurry, which should lubricate the diseased joint.
  • Pour 4 liters of water 1 kg horseradish root, boil, boil for 5-7 minutes. Insist 1,5 hours, take 1 tbsp. in a day.

Jellied meat, dishes containing jelly will help increase the volume of synovia.


If the removal of fluid from the knee joint was untimely, the disease flows into a chronic form, in which exudate will need to be pumped out constantly. There is also a high risk of bacterial infection and inflammation of the surrounding structures. After the operation, it is important to undergo a full course of antibacterial therapy, otherwise the functioning of the knee will be impaired.

What to do to prevent pathology?

In order for the joint fluid to be released in normal volumes, it is important to treat joint diseases in a timely manner, avoid injuries, protect the limbs and normalize the load on them. It is important to eat right, drink enough fluids, take vitamin-mineral complexes and preparations based on hyaluronic acid. With suspicious symptoms, self-medication is unacceptable.

Fluid in the knee joint: what to do with congestion under the cup

The knee joint is the largest joint in the human body. A significant load falls on it daily and it is in this area that quite often various traumatic processes occur. One of the signs of such pathological conditions is the accumulation of fluid in the knee joint. In addition, the presence of fluid can be suspected if a swelling is detected in this area, as well as if the patient has complaints about swelling and the presence of pain. See here the treatment according to the Bubnovsky method at home.

The fluid in the knee can be of different types, they produce a clear, cloudy and bloody fluid. It is from the variety of the appearance of the liquid that the severity of pain that the patient will experience will depend.

Joint fluid that builds up in the knee joint is also called synovial. They got this name due to the fact that it accumulates precisely within the synovial membrane. And the disease itself, the main sign of which is the presence of excess fluid, is indicated by the term “synovitis”.

Etiological factors of synovitis

Fluid accumulation in the knee joint is most often associated with the chronic effects of increased stress and the development of the traumatic process.

The following main factors that can lead to the appearance of a liquid are distinguished:

  • Acute damage to the knee meniscus.
  • Hemorrhage in the joint area (also called hemarthrosis).
  • Damage to the joint.
  • Complete rupture or partial tear of the ligaments.
  • Fractures of the bones that form the knee joint (here include the condyles of the femur and patella; fractures most often occur as a result of an unsuccessful fall on the legs or a strong knee hit).
  • The inflammatory process of infectious genesis in the knee region.
  • Hemophilia
  • Manifestations of allergic reactions.

Clinical manifestations

Clinical symptomatology, indicating the presence of fluid in the knee joint, does not occur immediately, but only over time. After the injury, hours or even days may elapse before the initial clinical manifestations appear.

The primary symptoms of synovitis include severe swelling in the area of ​​the damaged joint, the appearance of swelling, an increase in the joint in volume, and a severe pain syndrome. When conducting an ultrasound examination of the knee zone, hemorrhage in the synovial bag can be detected.

Fluid accumulating in the joint dramatically increases its size and limits mobility. A sick person begins to spare the limb due to the appearance of sharp pain in any, even the most insignificant movement. The pain is, as a rule, a dull, constant character, with sharp attacks during attempts to move the limb in the knee joint. The skin in the knee area becomes very hot to the touch, and the patient reacts very sharply to palpation of this area.

Over time, without adequate treatment, the amount of fluid in the joint increases, and along with this, the severity of the pain syndrome increases. Simultaneously with these two processes, the general condition of the sick person worsens, a temperature rises to febrile values ​​(the temperature in this case can be equal to 38-39 degrees).

If the process of fluid accumulation becomes chronic, then a kind of adaptation of the joint to this condition occurs, and the pain becomes less pronounced. The fluid begins to accumulate at a slower rate, and the patient develops deforming arthrosis.

Help with fluid buildup in the knee joint bag

What to do with the accumulation of fluid in the knee joint should be decided by a qualified specialist after carrying out all the necessary diagnostic procedures. Treatment of fluid in the knee joint most often involves removing an excess of this substance from the knee joint.

The attending physician performs a procedure to remove fluid under aseptic conditions of a small operating room without performing general anesthesia. Most often, for this manipulation, a local variety of anesthesia is enough.

Pumping fluid from the knee occurs by inserting a thin needle into the synovial bag cavity through which the collected fluid is evacuated from the joint. After the procedure is completed, instead of the pumped-out liquid, a solution of an antibacterial drug is introduced, which prevents the development of a postoperative infectious process. Moreover, the antibiotic is administered regardless of the nature of the fluid removed from the knee.

At the end of the operation, a pressure bandage or retainer is applied to the joint to ensure complete immobility to accelerate the recovery of knee functions.

If the focus of inflammation persists in the knee joint after surgery, then the fluid may collect in the cavity again, which requires a second surgical intervention, on which the doctor will again remove it. To prevent this, the patient is usually prescribed a course of anti-inflammatory drugs, for example, Voltaren.

In patients with severe knee injuries, doctors pump out the fluid several times until the underlying disease that leads to synovitis is resolved.

How to remove fluid at home

Treatment at home is possible only when the fluid collects in the knee joint slowly and there is no severe comorbidity.

There are several effective folk recipes that allow you to remove fluid from the cavity of the knee without surgery.

The use of comfrey ointment

To prepare this product, you need to mix one glass of finely chopped fresh comfrey grass with 250 grams of fat (preferably pork). This mixture should be placed for a week in a cold and dark place, and then used as an ointment, rubbing the composition into the affected joint. It is recommended to rub daily, twice a day (in the morning and immediately before falling asleep). On top of the ointment, the knee is tightly fixed with an ordinary elastic bandage, which can be bought at any pharmacy.

Decoction made from rye grain

To prepare this effective product, you need to boil one liter of water and pour half a glass of ground rye grain into it. Cooking is recommended for at least half an hour. After filtering, barberry should be added to the liquid in the amount of two tablespoons, a pound of flower honey and two hundred grams of medical alcohol or vodka. The product should be well infused for four weeks, after which it becomes ready to use. It is recommended to take it orally in two spoons three times a day for two to three weeks.

Bay oil

This tool very well helps to reduce the amount of fluid in the knee joint. To prepare it, you need to take two large tablespoons of dried leaves of laurel and pour them with one glass of olive or vegetable oil. The infusion should stand in a dark place for at least seven to ten days. Upon completion of the insistence, the product should be thoroughly rubbed into the damaged joint area three five times a day at regular intervals.

Turpentine ointment

For production, one yolk of a chicken egg is taken, which is mixed with one spoon of turpentine. There is added apple cider vinegar in the amount of one spoon, all the ingredients must be thoroughly mixed. The ointment should be infused for several days, after which it is recommended to rub it into the area of ​​the diseased knee joint.

Lemon juice

If fluid accumulates in the knee joint, then with regular rubbing with lemon juice of the affected area, the amount of pathological intraarticular fluid decreases and the severity of the inflammatory process decreases.However, despite the availability of effective folk remedies, a qualified doctor should deal with the cause and treatment of fluid in the knee joint with the aim prevent the development of unwanted complications.

Fluid in the knee joint: what to do

At a physiological norm, fluid in the knee joint is produced in small quantities. Viscous elastic substance is produced by cells of the synovial membrane. Under the influence of internal or external factors, the production of synovia increases, leading to the formation of effusion, swelling of the articulation and loss of full range of motion. In this condition, it is important to worry not only how to get rid of the fluid, but also to identify the true cause of the pathological deviation.

Synovial fluid functions

The knee joint withstands a tremendous load on a regular basis. But while the connection is healthy, the person does not attach any importance to this. But in the comfortable movement and weight retention, many anatomical components are involved. Joint fluid plays a leading role.

The knee joint refers to the synovial type, in which the bone surfaces are covered with hyaline cartilage and wrapped around a connective tissue membrane, strengthened by ligaments. The inner surface of the capsule secretes synovial fluid into the joint cavity.

With the norm maintained, the biological environment has unique biophysical and chemical properties. It acts as a lubricant for the smooth movement of bone ends relative to each other. Delivers nutrients to cartilage fibers. Prevents premature thinning and destruction of articular elements.

Causes of fluid accumulation in the knee

In medicine, fluid accumulation in the knee joint is not isolated into a separate disease. An unusual situation called synovitis develops against the background of general or local pathological disorders leading to inflammation of the synovial membrane. And then, according to the domino principle: a knocked-out joint element aggravates the underlying disease, causing serious changes in other intraarticular structures and underlying tissues.

The inflammatory process and, as a consequence, increased production of synovial fluid provoke:

    closed traumatic injuries of menisci, cartilage and bone tissue; congenital pathologies of the knee joint and periarticular tissues; the body’s immune response to an allergen; metabolic disease; malfunction of the endocrine system; autoimmune diseases; hemophilia; arthrosis; arthritis; bursitis; rheumatism.

There is an idiopathic variant of the disease in which it is not possible to establish the cause of development.

In the course of clinical studies, factors predisposing to the onset of pathological disorders were identified:

    excessive physical activity, including engaging in active sports; long standing, sitting; increased body weight; hypothermia; prolonged stressful situations.

Inflammation can be aseptic or infectious. Bacteriophage pathogens enter the joint with open injuries, infected wounds, with lymph and blood flow from distant foci. The penetration of specific microorganisms into the knee with syphilis and tuberculosis is not ruled out.


The synovitis clinic is associated with the form of the course and the etiology of development.

The accumulation of fluid caused by the settlement of pyogenic microflora is manifested:

    a significant increase in the knee joint in volume; sharp pain syndrome; local hyperthermia; severe redness of the focus of inflammation; restriction of motor activity in the knee or its complete absence due to acute pain; intolerable pain during palpation of the joint; deterioration of the general condition – an increase in body temperature to critical values, weakness, nausea, fever, confusion.

With aseptic inflammation, the severity of symptomatic manifestations depends on the amount of synovial fluid.

A large accumulation of effusion in the knee joint is accompanied by:

    bursting pain; significant swelling of the soft tissues; smoothing anatomical landmarks; instability of the patella; tension and unnatural gloss of the skin; a slight increase in temperature.

Aseptic synovitis in a chronic form occurs when alternating acute phases with periods of remission. In a sluggish state, the clinic is less pronounced. Most often these are dull aching pains and fleeting tiredness while walking. With exacerbations, fluid accumulates in small quantities. Painful sensations and limitation of range of motion are determined by the level of thickening of the synovial membrane.

When asked what to do if fluid has accumulated in the knee, there is only one answer – immediately seek qualified help.

Diagnostic measures

For successful treatment, it is necessary to accurately determine the cause of the increased production of joint fluid in the knee joint. Given the multiplicity of etiological factors, an extended diagnosis is carried out, which includes laboratory and instrumental methods of research.

Particular attention is paid to puncture of the knee joint and its subsequent study:

    transparency, color change; the presence of impurities; pH, viscosity; cell composition; the presence of immunoglobulins.

In order to select effective therapy, bacteriological culture of the liquid is carried out on microorganisms and their sensitivity to antibiotics. If diagnosis is difficult, resort to a synovial biopsy.

After identifying the underlying disease, they go directly to the treatment process with the involvement of narrow specialists: a rheumatologist, endocrinologist, surgeon, allergist, traumatologist, infectious disease specialist, hematologist.

Operative therapy

One of the points of complex treatment is pumping fluid from the knee joint. Manipulations are carried out in several ways, which are used both for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

Arthrocentesis. Excess fluid is removed with a thin long needle inserted into the cavity of the knee joint. Minimally invasive intervention is performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia.

Arthroscopy Through small punctures, optical equipment (arthroscope) and special devices are introduced into the knee joint. The fluid is pumped out using a trocar. The articulation visualized on the screen is carefully examined, the detected foreign bodies are removed.

Synovectomy The procedure in which the fluid accumulated in the knee is evacuated and part or all of the tissue of the synovial membrane is excised.

Joint lavage is indicated to remove free intraarticular bodies and reduce the intensity of the inflammatory process. The cavity is washed with sterile substances and antibacterial agents, corticosteroids, chondroprotectors are delivered inside.

At the end of surgical procedures, the joint is immobilized. To avoid the development of contractures, the period of limitation of mobility is limited to 5-7 days.

Pathogenetic therapy

After the fluid is pumped out of the knee, what to do next depends on the results of the diagnostic tests. If severe pathological lesions are detected, the patient is hospitalized. According to indications, reconstructive measures are taken to eliminate traumatic injuries.

    metabolism; endocrine disorders; hormonal changes; body immune responses.

Residual effects of the inflammatory process are eliminated using drugs from the NSAID group. Medicines are used in the form of topical preparations (ointments, creams, gels) and in tablet forms. With infectious synovitis, antibacterial and antimicrobial agents are connected, with allergic synovitis – antihistamines.


In the exacerbation phase, with recurrent forms of the disease, electrophoresis with anti-inflammatory and glucocorticosteroid substances is performed.

To eliminate metabolic disorders in the focus of inflammation are shown:

    applications of paraffin and ozokerite; magnetotherapy; UHF; mud therapy; balneotherapy procedures.

To restore the lost functions of the knee, they turn to a complex of physiotherapy exercises. At the initial stage, classes are carried out by the efforts of a physiotherapist or with the help of mechanotherapy. Gradually, the patient switches to independent active movements.

Folk treatment

If there is a terrible fear of surgical interventions, you can try treatment with folk remedies. But in any case, it is impossible to warm the knee with the accumulation of synovial fluid. A compression bandage or special orthopedic patella is useful. Throughout the day, the device is periodically removed, completely removed at night.

The recipes below will not replace qualified help, but will not cause harm.

Finely chopped horseradish roots, collected in late autumn or early spring, in the amount of 500 g. Pour 2 liters. cold water, bring to a boil, simmer over low heat for 5 – 7 minutes. After cooling, add 1 cup of natural honey, mix thoroughly. Ingest 100 g daily.

Horseradish and beets are suitable as compresses. Grind root vegetables in a blender or on a grater, put on a gauze napkin, a piece of cotton cloth. Attach the application to the knee joint, cover with cling film, fix with a woolen bandage, leave overnight.

Grind the bay leaf to get 2 – 3 tablespoons. shredded product. Pour 250 g of high-quality olive or linseed oil. Insist for a week in a dark place. Filter, rub lightly into the affected joint area 2 times a day.

If the root of evil is not eliminated – the main disease and the influence of negative factors, the fluid in the knee will accumulate again and again. Frequent malfunctions of the knee joint in case of chronic inflammation entail serious consequences, from the deformation of the movable joint to the invalid of the patient.

Fluid in the knee joint – treatment

Inside the synovial membrane is a small amount of fluid (effusion), which lubricates the cartilage and prevents its erasure. Due to disturbances in the normal functioning of the body, a liquid can change its nature (become thicker or thinner), accumulate or dry out. Any deviation from the norm leads to cartilage deformation and is considered a pathology.

The liquid begins to accumulate in the synovial membrane due to the inflammatory process, doctors call this accumulation synovitis. This is due to shock, bruising, concomitant joint disease, metabolic problems or overwork.

The main causes and risk factors for flu >The following conditions can cause fluid to appear:
• Injury to the knee: bumps, bruises, dislocations, sprains and tears of the ligaments, fractures.
• Joint diseases: arthritis and arthrosis.
• Other diseases: neoplasms, blood flow disorders.

Among the risk factors are the following:
• Natural aging. More often elderly people are exposed to synovitis, as their joints are already very susceptible to various diseases.
• Professional sports. Football players and basketball players more often turn to the doctor with similar complaints. Indeed, the load on the knees to which their legs are subjected is much higher than normal.
• Overweight. Extra pounds give an additional overload and serve as a prerequisite for the mass of various diseases.

Symptoms and diagnosis of effusion in the knee joint

The fluid in the knee joint, the treatment of which depends on the symptomatology, has manifestations characteristic of most joint diseases. These may be symptoms of fluid in the knee joint: swollen knee, inability to perform most leg movements, severe pain, redness and fever of the skin.

Fluid in the knee in itself is a symptom that indicates the presence of joint health problems.

To make a diagnosis, it is not enough just to examine the patient and collect an anamnesis, so a whole list of tests will be assigned:
• Radiography. It is the picture that makes it possible to determine the deformation of the joint.
• Ultrasound and MRI. Both methods have the same efficiency, differ only in cost.
• Urine and blood tests. They help identify infections, inflammation, changes in the composition of the blood.
• Puncture from the joint. The effusion sample is checked for foreign inclusions.
• Arthroscopy. The method consists in examining the knee joint with an arthroscope, which is inserted directly into the tissue through an incision.

Treatment of flu >Regardless of the diagnosis of the causes of the appearance of water in the knee, the treatment at the first stage will consist of drainage of the knee and administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The fluid pumping procedure is performed without anesthesia or under local anesthesia. Using a syringe and a special needle, excess fluid is removed, and antibiotics are injected into the joint cavity to prevent infection. After the knee joint is immobilized with a knee pad or orthopedic dressing.
In the future, the complex for treating fluid in the knee joint may vary. But an approximate scheme is as follows:
• Pain medications (Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Nimesil);
• Acceptance of broad-spectrum antibiotics.
• Injections of glucocorticosteroid hormones (Dexamethasone, Prednisol).
• Operation. Treatment of fluid in the knee can be performed with surgery (arthroscopy, arthrocentesis, or endoprosthetics).

In addition to the above list, you can recommend several simple activities to alleviate the general condition:
• Relax a sore joint, limit stress, and avoid overwork.
• A cold compress will help relieve pain and reduce swelling.
• You need to know the position so that the affected leg is above body level. You can use a pillow or roller.
• Without a prescription in a pharmacy you can buy the simplest pain medication (Ibuprofen, Analgin). But their reception also needs to be controlled, because addiction quickly appears.
In order not to wait until the fluid in the knee begins to accumulate, the treatment of which is a laborious and expensive process, you need to stop neglecting your health, because chronic diseases and joint damage directly contribute to the accumulation of effusion. Regular visits to the doctor and impeccably following his recommendations will help to avoid undesirable consequences. A light charge will strengthen muscles, improve blood flow and reduce the possibility of extra pounds.

Folk recipes against water in the knee

Bay oil. But 100 grams of any vegetable oil needs a tablespoon of chopped bay leaf. Insist a week in a dark place, then rub into a sore joint 3 times a day.
Rye tincture. In a half-liter of boiling water add a quarter cup of rye beans, boil for 15-20 minutes. In a cold and filtered broth, add a teaspoon of barberry, 200 grams of honey and a glass of vodka. Insist in a dark place for at least 3 weeks, drink 40 ml before each meal.
Comfrey ointment. Add 100 grams of grass to melted lard (also 100 gr.), Pour the mixture into a glass dish and keep in the refrigerator for about a week. Use for easy self-massage in the morning and evening.

All about joints

It is on the knee that has a huge load. Despite the fact that it has a rather complex structure, it is a very strong part of the skeleton. However, he can still suffer, and cease to fully perform his functions. Often this is facilitated by fluid in the knee joint of the cause and the treatment of which will be discussed below.

Description of the state

Before you learn how to remove fluid from the knee joint, you should understand what it is and what causes this symptom.

The knee mechanism itself also includes connective tissue and tendons. Internal epithelial cells produce a special secret, this is the synovial fluid in the knee joint. Initially, it is designed to lubricate contact surfaces so that there is no friction. It also serves as protection against injury.

Excessive accumulation of fluid in the knee joint (synovia), or, conversely, its lack promises the appearance of a pathology, which has the same name – synovitis. This leads to limb dysfunction, severe pain, and also causes other unpleasant symptoms.

The fluid in the knee joint has a similar chemical composition with blood plasma, but differs in several parameters:

  • Hyaluronic acid content;
  • Does not secrete fibrinogen;
  • Contains three times less protein.

It is worth noting immediately that the joint fluid in the knee joint begins to accumulate only against the background of other diseases or injuries, this is not an individual ailment.

Symptoms of fluid accumulation in the knee joint

Naturally, excessively collected fluid in the knee joint has its own symptoms. However, they do not begin to appear immediately, but only after some time (from a couple of hours to 2-3 days). Symptoms themselves include:

  1. Pain sensations of a different nature. If pus began to collect, then this is a throbbing pain, in a chronic course it will be constant and aching, but not so strong, but it can become noticeable after exerting stress on the legs and changing climatic conditions;
  2. Directly swelling of the affected area. The size depends on the cause, the amount of accumulated synovia. So, after a mechanical type injury, swelling forms almost immediately and is noticeable;
  3. Fever;
  4. With a considerable accumulation of knee fluid, it becomes not only problematic to move the knee, but it is sometimes impossible at all. The inflammatory process in this regard also greatly affects the mechanics of the knee;
  5. Redness of the skin;
  6. From the fluid in the knee joint, a seal forms under the skin;
  7. In addition, do not forget that certain symptoms of the disease will be observed, which depends directly on the cause of fluid accumulation in the knee, such as sneezing with allergies or chills and headache with infections.

In addition to these common symptoms, the knee fluid also accumulates, which accumulates.

Depending on this, it looks different:

  • With an admixture of blood. The most common cause is hemarthrosis;
  • Transparent (serous). It is caused by closed injuries, without getting into the exudate of blood or other particles;
  • The accumulating purulent mass will also stand out;
  • Fibrinous (an admixture of fibrin flakes).

If we talk about any consequences of the fact that fluid accumulates in the knee joint, then we can highlight the fact of danger for both a child and an adult. Regardless of the cause that caused this ailment, if you ignore it, then over time, cartilage tissue and other elements in the joint are deformed (deforming arthrosis). In addition, the development of sepsis is not ruled out if purulent inflammation is the cause of the formation. Therefore, it is important, in case of any suspicion of such a problem, consult a doctor to establish an accurate diagnosis.

Causes of synovial fluid accumulation

As mentioned earlier, if there is fluid in the knee, then the causes can not only be very diverse, the course of the disease, symptoms and, of course, treatment will also depend on them. If intraarticular fluid has accumulated, then the reason for this may be:

  • Arthrosis Human joints, alas, tend to wear out. This can be both a consequence of physical injuries and the age of the patient. With this disease, initially in the knee, the fluid is present in a volume less than normal, which is accompanied by severe pain. And after that, swelling appears on the background of the fact that the fluid in the knee began to accumulate more and more;
  • Most often, the cause of this ailment is physical injury. These include:
  1. Falls;
  2. Meniscus rupture;
  3. Ligament damage;
  4. Fracture of the tibia or femur (the patella and the junction area are more vulnerable);
  5. Hemarthrosis. Internal bleeding. Caused by physical damage (bruise, fracture, etc.).
  • Arthritis. Such inflammation is provoked by a variety of diseases and ailments:
  1. Impaired functioning of the immune system;
  2. Allergic reaction;
  3. Infection of any kind;
  4. Mental trauma
  5. Constant loads;
  6. Joint Injury

In addition, overweight people are at risk.

  • Bursitis can also cause not only the accumulation of synovia, but also inflammation of the synovial bag. It affects the joints throughout the body (so football players and hockey players often damage the calyx and other parts of the legs);
  • Blunt itself. This is an inflammation of the synovial membrane, after which excess fluid appears, the reasons for this are:
  1. The consequence of serious diseases and allergic reactions;
  2. Injuries
  3. Viral and bacterial infections;
  4. Hypothermia;
  5. Ingestion of pathogenic microorganisms.

If fluid collects in the knee joint, the cause may also be:

  • Rheumatism;
  • Gout;
  • Ankylosing spondylitis;
  • Lupus erythematosus (red);
  • Koenig’s disease;
  • Cyst Baker;
  • Neoplasms of various etiologies;
  • Hemophilia and others

Before embarking on a wellness course, the attending specialist must establish the exact reason why the fluid accumulates. If it was quite quickly eliminated, then they use not only medication, but also some folk remedies to get rid of unpleasant symptoms (they often resort to them so that swelling can resolve).


Before the removal of fluid from the knee joint, it is important to establish the root of the problem and get rid of the main ailment. This may help:

  • Limb examination;
  • Anamnesis;
  • MRI or CT;
  • X-ray.
  • Ultrasound (ultrasound);
  • General blood analysis;
  • Before completely removing the fluid in the knee, first take a small part of it to determine its composition (aspiration). It is not always carried out and is sometimes quite problematic when it comes to children.

The basic principles of treatment

First of all, I should be interested in the question of how to get rid of fluid in the knee. For its suction, a special needle is used (it is very thin), and the accumulated liquid is removed with a syringe. After it is completely pumped out, antibiotics are injected into the joint (in any case, even when there was no external infection). If water has re-formed, then, most often, this liquid is fought with conservative treatment.

Important! Pumping fluid from the knee joint takes place in the surgeon’s office without local anesthesia or anesthesia.

One-time pumping will not help if the root cause itself has not been eliminated. Sometimes the procedure is repeated (the collected synovia is removed during the course of treatment).

Medication Therapy

These include taking certain medications and physiotherapy:

  • Broad-spectrum antibiotics (if the cause of the disease is an infection).
  • Anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs: Nimid, Fastum-gel or Voltaren-gel;
  • Corticosteroids. Dexamethasone, Triamcinolone, Prednisolone;
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Often used Ibuprofen, Diclofenac in combination with ointments

Surgical intervention

Serious fractures, illness, and the inefficiency of conventional therapy sometimes require prompt action. In this case, the question of how to remove fluid from the knee, the answer will be arthrocentesis – this is the procedure for opening the bursa. Such an operation is performed under local anesthesia.

Folk remedies

What to do if now it is not possible to visit a doctor, how to treat such an ailment? Alas, this is impossible. However, if you have fluid in the knee joint, treatment with folk remedies is real, in parallel with taking medication. The edema will resolve better, and the course of treatment as a whole will take place, if you use:

  1. Grated beets for the night;
  2. Salt solution (2 tbsp. In a glass of boiling water) hold for 12 hours;
  3. Grated potatoes;
  4. Pumpkin pulp;
  5. Comfrey grass.
  • Infusions based on:
  1. Lingonberries. 2 tsp 200 ml of water, boil for 15 minutes, drink throughout the day;
  2. Beans 20 pods per 1 liter of water, boil for 40 minutes on low heat, drink 100 ml 4 times a day;
  3. Echinacea, tansy, thyme and yarrow. Mix 1: 1: 1: 1, insist 1-2 hours in 250 ml of boiling water.
  • Also used are bay leaf oil, lemon juice and horseradish broth.

Questions such as removing the fluid in the knee joint, causes and treatment, the possible consequences in your case, can only be answered with accuracy by a doctor.

Fluid in the knee

In the human body, the knee is considered the largest joint. During walking, the entire body weight affects the knee.

For this reason, injuries in the knee joint are one of the most common in traumatology.

As a rule, all diseases of the knee joint are the result of all kinds of falls, injuries or heavy load. One of them is considered fluid in the knee joint or synovitis.

How to understand that the knee began to accumulate fluid? What are the symptoms?

Fluid in the knee is a fairly common and unpleasant phenomenon that brings discomfort and degrades the quality of life. The main symptoms of accumulation can be attributed to acute painful sensations, which can increase during movement or when touched.

If the process is accompanied by the accumulation of pus, the pain begins to acquire a pulsating character, in addition, the patient may feel a feeling of fullness in the affected area. If the process has become chronic, the painful sensations become constant, while they are not too pronounced, sometimes they can arise, sometimes disappear. In a chronic inflammatory process, many patients complain of pain after intense physical exertion, as well as with a sharp change in climatic conditions. In this case, the pain is often aching in nature.

Another symptom is swelling of the skin, their swelling. If the lesion is acute, the knee completely changes its normal shape, while standing up on a sore foot will simply be impossible.

With an active inflammatory process, the skin turns red, becomes hot in the affected area. Due to the accumulation of fluid, the patient loses motor activity, cannot completely unbend the limb.

If timely treatment is not started with such symptoms, deformation of the limb may occur, a purulent process that will lead to complete disability of the patient.

What injuries and diseases does fluid accumulate in the knee?

The most common cause of fluid in the knee is injury. This can be a gap in the meniscus, fractures of those bones that are responsible for the formation of the joint, rupture of ligaments, damage to the joint capsule. Such injuries can occur when performing intense physical exercises (for example, during training of athletes), and after hard physical work, lifting heavy objects. Chronic diseases are another cause of fluid formation.

Fluid in the knee is formed in the following diseases:

  1. Rheumatism.
  2. Arthritis of the rheumatoid type.
  3. Gonarthrosis disease.
  4. Arthritis is reactive type.
  5. Gout.
  6. Lupus erythematosus.
  7. Bechterew’s disease.
  8. Purulent inflammation with the formation of bursitis.
  9. An allergic reaction to anything.

How is the doctor diagnosed the cause of fluid in the knee?

Diagnosis of fluid in this area is complex and includes the following methods:

  1. Visual inspection (often an accumulation of a substance can be noticed already at the first examination by a doctor).
  2. General blood test, blood test for rheumatic factor.
  3. Ultrasound examination (allows you to identify the amount of accumulated fluid and its location).
  4. X-ray.

Based on the data obtained, it is easy to establish the exact cause of this phenomenon and direct all efforts to eliminate the underlying disease. It is worth noting that modern diagnostic methods are highly accurate, safe and reliable.

Which doctor should I go to and what will he do? Treatment

If you experience pain and swelling of the knee, you should contact a professional rheumatologist or surgeon as soon as possible. First of all, the specialist anesthetizes the affected area, after which it removes exudate from the joint. After this, the main treatment is prescribed, which can be conservative or surgical in nature.

Drug therapy consists in the appointment of non-steroidal drugs with anti-inflammatory effect (for example, the drug Diclofenac helps a lot). Such drugs well eliminate the symptoms, relieve inflammation and pain. They can be taken in the form of tablets, injections or ointments.

Anti-inflammatory drugs are taken for several days, remember that they can not be used constantly, since they adversely affect the digestive system. In addition, such drugs eliminate only the symptoms, and not the cause of the pathology.

If the process has acquired a purulent character, a course of antibiotics is prescribed to the patient. Often prescribed and corticosteroids (for example, prednisone). Such drugs have many side effects, so they should be taken under the supervision of a specialist.

To eliminate fluid use a special pumping procedure from the joint cavity. In this case, an ordinary syringe is taken, with which you can effectively eliminate swelling and pain. After the aspiration has been carried out, the surgeon can introduce an antibacterial agent into the cavity to eliminate the inflammatory process.

Should I continue to play sports? In which sport is the knee most injured?

Many people who are used to playing sports are interested in the question of whether it is possible to continue their physical activity with fluid in the knee joint. During the period of therapy, any physical activity is prohibited, only short walking is allowed, and in acute inflammatory process a strict bed rest is indicated.

If the disease has not acquired an advanced stage, and after the injury the athlete managed to completely restore the joint, the patient can go in for sports after some time, but in this case it is necessary to take precautions so that the fluid does not accumulate again: it is a significant reduction in physical activity on the legs, choosing the right athletic shoes and running cover.

The most dangerous for the knee joints are those types of physical activity that directly affect the lower limbs. Running on a treadmill or on a surface with irregularities with an illiterate technique and poorly selected sports shoes is a direct path to rheumatic diseases and sports injuries. The same can be said about those sports in which frequent kicks are provided (for example, in football).

Folk techniques from the accumulation of exudate in the knee

The following are common folk methods that can be used simultaneously with traditional treatment:

  • Compress from ointment with comfrey grass. Mix a glass of chopped comfrey grass with a glass of natural lard and put in a cool place for five days. After that, apply ointment under cellophane in the morning and evening.
  • Laurel oil is another effective way to remove flu >

  • Black walnut tincture is a remedy for helminths, since a small number of these organisms can lead to swelling and immobility of the knee joint. Infusion should be taken every day, one teaspoon before meals.
  • Rye broth. Another effective tool, for the preparation of which you need to take half a glass of rye and running water, the broth must be brought to a boil, and then add 150 ml of vodka and a small amount of natural honey to it. After this, the medicine should be left to infuse for three weeks. The tool is taken several times a day before eating food, it is enough to drink three large spoons.

What can the accumulation of fluid in the knee lead to if measures are not taken?

If you do not consult a specialist in a timely manner, fluid in the knee joint will continue to accumulate, which will lead to severe pain, bloating and swelling. Subsequently, under the influence of exudate, the knee will be deformed, which will lead to the need for surgical intervention.

Without surgery, the limb can completely lose mobility, so the patient will become disabled. If you do not start treatment of the purulent process in time, this can lead to general infection of the body and even death.

What exercises will help remove fluid from the knee?

If the inflammatory process has passed, as well as in the chronic course of the disease, the patient may be prescribed a course of physiotherapy exercises. Special exercises with a small load on the lower limb will improve the well-being of the patient and restore the former flexibility of the joints.

Exercises can consist in bending and bending the knee, making rotational movements. At the same time, they can be performed from a lying or standing position, depending on the well-being of the patient. Please note that the course of physiotherapy exercises should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist, if pain occurs, it is important to immediately stop physical activity.

Thus, the accumulation of exudate in the knee joint is a common and unpleasant phenomenon that can occur with rheumatic diseases, as well as after injuries. To prevent this phenomenon, the patient is recommended to maintain a normal level of physical activity without excessive load on the joints, as well as lead a healthy lifestyle in general.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.