Finger arthrosis treatment folk remedies

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common types of joint disease, in which the phalanges of the fingers and joints in the hands become inflamed, as a result of which the patient is unable to bend the fingers normally, and to do work that requires the use of good motor skills of the hands and fingers.

The causes of arthrosis

To date, several main causes of osteoarthritis have been identified, and all of them lead to the development of degeneration of the cartilaginous tissues of the joints, which subsequently leads to arthrosis. Inflammation of the hands and fingers occurs due to such factors:

  • unbalanced food – fast foods, fried, fatty, smoked foods, convenience foods, alcohol and coffee;
  • genetic predisposition, as well as diseases of the hands from birth;
  • disease of the endocrine system;
  • genetic changes in the structure of brushes, bones and bone tissue;
  • disorders in the tissues of the joints and cartilage associated with age;
  • heavy and constant physical labor in which hands are involved.

Symptoms and stages of the disease

Inflammation of the fingers and hands can be determined by the following symptoms:

  • characteristic crunch in joints and cartilage during flexion and movement of the fingers;
  • aching or sharp pains with any movement of the fingers;
  • swelling or swelling in the area of ​​the inflamed area of ​​the brush;
  • sensitivity to weather changes at the site of inflammation (pain when the weather changes);
  • change in the length of the fingers;
  • a change in the shape of the fingers, curvature, thickening, the appearance of Heberden nodules, which appear due to the growth of bone tissue at the site of inflammation.

There are three stages in the development of osteoarthrosis:

  1. At the first stage, there is a violation of the mobility of the wrists and fingers. Mild pain often occurs before a change in weather or at night.
  2. In the second stage, the mobility of the wrists and fingers is significantly impaired, crunching and aching pains appear.
  3. In the third stage of the disease, the movement of the hands and fingers is significantly difficult, and is accompanied by severe pain. At this stage, the flexibility and motor skills of the fingers is practically absent. To reduce pain, the patient has to look for a comfortable position of the hand.

Traditional Arthrosis Treatment

Osteoarthrosis can be completely cured only at the initial stage of the disease. In the later stages of the disease, treatment is aimed at relieving pain, reducing inflammation and normalizing the patient’s condition. The treatment of the joints of the fingers and hands should be comprehensive, consistent and take a certain amount of time to obtain the desired result. Treatment objectives include:

  1. elimination of pain;
  2. slowing down the destruction of joints and cartilage;
  3. improved blood and lymph flow;
  4. removal of inflammation.

Treatment of joints of the hands and fingers with medication includes such methods:

1. Treatment of arthrosis with medicines. After diagnosing the disease, the doctor prescribes drugs that relieve inflammation – muscle relaxants, chondroprotectors. These medicines are also prescribed by your doctor for other types of osteoarthrosis.

2. Therapeutic exercises (exercise therapy). Exercise contributes to a good blood flow to the site of inflammation, which contributes to the nutrition of cartilage and joint tissues with all the necessary components, this allows you to relieve pain and improve the mobility of the hands and fingers.

3. Physiotherapy. Methods such as magnetotherapy, electrophoresis and laser therapy are aimed at significantly reducing inflammation and pain, as well as improving blood circulation.

4. Diet. A properly balanced diet can saturate the body with the components necessary to restore bone, cartilage and articular tissue.

Treatment of arthrosis with folk remedies

Treatment of arthrosis with folk remedies involves solving the same problems that traditional medicine solves: reducing inflammation, relieving pain, restoring cartilage and tissue of fingers and hands at home.

  1. Pork fat. A very effective folk remedy in the fight against osteoarthritis is pork fat. This product can treat and relieve inflammation, improves the elasticity of joints and cartilage. It is necessary to smear the inflamed area with pork fat, close this place with cellophane and tie it with a towel. Do not remove a few days. This procedure can be done several times a month at home.
  2. Onions and vodka. It is necessary to grind the onion to a pasty state and add vodka. Let it brew for several weeks, after which strain the resulting tincture. This infusion can be rubbed into the inflamed areas, or apply compresses.
  3. Lilac and vodka. It is necessary to mix 65 g of lilac and 300 ml of vodka, and let it brew for several weeks. Take the medicine 3 times a day for 30 drops. This tool improves blood circulation and helps saturate the inflamed areas with useful, missing components.
  4. Ointment from St. John’s wort, hop cones, clover flowers. All components, 2 tablespoons each, grind and mix with 60 g of homemade butter. We smear the resulting ointment on the area, which we then cover with cellophane and wrap it with a towel for several hours. This remedy helps relieve pain and inflammation.
  5. A compress of honey, mustard, and vegetable oil. We take all these components in 1 tablespoon, mix well and boil. From the resulting mixture we make a compress on the sore spot. This remedy allows you to treat joint tissues by improving blood circulation and helps relieve pain.
  6. Needles and water. It is necessary to add 2 tbsp. l needles in 100 ml of water and boil for 40 minutes. Filter the broth and apply in the form of a compress on the inflamed place for several hours, wrapping it with cellophane and a towel.
  7. Lilac, gum and olive oil. This tool is very effective for restoring cartilage tissue and relieving pain. It is necessary to collect lilac flowers, dry, grind, and grind with gum and olive oil.
  8. Walnuts and vodka. A very effective way to relieve pain is tincture of partitions of nuts and vodka. To do this, fill in 100 g of partitions with 300 g of vodka and insist for several weeks, then apply in the form of a compress.

Exercises for osteoarthritis

One of the factors contributing to the prevention of the development of osteoarthritis, relieving pain and inflammation are correctly selected complex exercises at home. For fingers and hands. Thanks to such exercises, blood circulation improves, the elasticity of joints and cartilage increases, tissues receive the necessary nutrition, and pain is reduced.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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1. Finger Warmup Exercise

It is necessary to gently squeeze the palm of your hand into a fist, after which we fix the hand in a compressed position for 30-40 seconds, and then open it so that the fingers are wide apart. This exercise can be done with each hand 5-8 times every day at home.

2. Exercise called “Eagle’s Claw”

It is aimed at stretching the wrist and wrist joint. You need to turn your palm towards yourself, and bend your fingers as if you were imitating an eagle’s paw. We fix this position for 30-40 seconds and unbend it to its normal position. This exercise is repeated 4-5 times with the left and right hand every day at home. This exercise is aimed at relieving pain and inflammation in arthrosis.

How to treat finger arthrosis

People often experience pain in the joints of the fingers, and in most cases this is the development of arthrosis. When the disease progresses, this leads to a limitation of the motor capabilities of the hand, therefore, with the appearance of the first symptoms, you should consult a doctor. What is arthrosis? This is an inflammatory process in the joints, leading to their degeneration and accompanied by pain during exertion. How to treat finger arthrosis should be known to all people after 40 years, especially women, since according to statistics men suffer from functional disorders of the hands much less often.

Methods of treating fingers with arthrosis

Finger arthrosis treatment is carried out immediately after diagnosis and, as a rule, is carried out comprehensively. It is aimed at the regeneration of cartilaginous tissue of the hands, increasing joint mobility, enhancing blood microcirculation in the vessels, relieving edema and pain syndromes. Some tablets will not be able to cope with such a difficult task, so the treatment of finger arthrosis should be carried out comprehensively. It lasts several months, and recovery occurs only if the patient strictly fulfills all the doctor’s prescriptions.

It should be remembered that the ailment is not formed in one week or a month. Arthrosis is a chronic disease that has been increasing for years. Finger disease is treated in several ways, each of which we will consider separately:

  • medication;
  • physiotherapeutic;
  • medical gymnastics;
  • special massage;
  • manual therapy;
  • folk remedies;
  • surgical intervention.

Medication

The official medicine recognizes the medical method as the most important treatment for arthrosis of the fingers. The disease occurs due to stress, trauma, poor ecology, unbalanced nutrition, joint inflammation, systematic hypothermia. The disease can also develop against the background of immune disorders and diseases such as arthritis, lupus erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, tuberculosis.

To relieve a pain symptom, doctors use several groups of drugs:

  1. NSAIDs and NSAIDs are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Their goal is to quickly relieve severe pain. Medicines are used in the form of tablets, injections, ointments and rubbing. The duration of the injection course should not exceed 10 injections, otherwise the gastrointestinal mucosa is destroyed. The most famous: “Diclofenac”, “Voltaren”, “Fastum gel”, “Piroxicam”, “Ibuprofen”, “Movalis”.
  2. Steroid drugs. These are anti-inflammatory drugs that have a fast analgesic and are used for intramuscular injection. These are drugs such as Prednisone, Cortisone, Dexamethasone.
  3. Analgesics and glucocorticoids are designed to prevent inflammatory processes in the joints of the fingers and to enhance blood circulation. Available in tablets, ointments, solutions for intramuscular and intravenous administration. Popular drugs: Spazmalgon, Nurofen, Hydrocortisone, Sinaflan.
  4. Chondroprotectors that can treat the source of the disease are destroyed cartilage. Their composition is identical to the structure of cartilage. But these drugs are effective at the initial stage of the disease, and it is useless to treat an advanced disease with them. Famous: Trental, Chondroxid, Teraflex.
  5. Muscle relaxants also help to quickly deal with pain. They dilate blood vessels during cramping. Popular: Midokalm, Baclofen, Sirdalud.

Physiotherapy

It is impossible to achieve a sustainable effect with medications alone, therefore physiotherapeutic measures come to the aid of the patient. They not only enhance the positive effect of drug treatment, but also contribute to the regeneration of articular cartilage, stimulating the body’s defenses. Physiotherapy is carried out both at home and on an outpatient basis.

The treatment includes:

  1. Ultrasound. Shock wave therapy is aimed at blocking pain with the help of special equipment. The principle of ultrasound is the impact on certain parts of the body of a shock sound wave, which stimulates tissue repair, which contributes to the patient’s quick recovery.
  2. Magnetotherapy. This treatment is based on decongestant, anti-inflammatory and sedative effects. A low frequency magnetic field acts on the articular cartilages of the fingers, prov >

Therapeutic gymnastics (LFK)

Therapeutic exercises for fingers with arthrosis will help increase the range of motion, strengthen the ligamentous apparatus. The exercises should be performed not to pain, but as far as possible stretching your fingers daily several times with each hand.

  1. Warm up fists. Lock your hands in your fist for 30 seconds, then unclench it, spreading your fingers wide apart.
  2. Stretching the palm. Place your palm on the surface so that your wrist and fingers touch it and the middle is raised. Then straighten your palm sharply to make it flat.
  3. Tiger claw. Turn your palm towards your face, squeeze your fingers to resemble the claws of a predator and lock for 30 seconds, then return to the starting position.

Hand massage and manual therapy

For joint diseases, manual therapy and massage are effective. These procedures are used as part of a comprehensive rehabilitation treatment, combining well with physiotherapy and physiotherapy. For the treatment of arthrosis, acupressure and segmental-reflex massage are used, in which an impact on the reflex zones is performed. With the help of manual therapy, it is effective to treat arthrosis of the thumb and arthrosis of the index finger, even without drug therapy.

Folk remedies

  1. Applications with paraffin. Immerse your hands in melted paraffin for 10 minutes, and then hold them in any herbal broth for 15-20 minutes. Do not be afraid to burn yourself – paraffin melts at a temperature of +52, very slowly giving off heat. Perform the procedure 2-3 times a week.
  2. Medicines of natural origin “Ozokerite” and “Bischofite”. These are natural materials in which there are many trace elements that contribute to the rapid regeneration of tissues. Apply drugs in the form of a compress on the fingers. Apply the heated preparation to 35-50 degrees on gauze, put it on the brush, fix it with an elastic bandage, leave it overnight. Compresses should be done every other day until pain is reduced.
  3. Effective internal remedies include rye grain infusion, which is prepared as follows: take 1 kg of grain, pour 7 liters. water, bring to a boil and let it brew for a couple of hours. Then strain, add 1 kg of honey, 200 g of alcohol and store for 3 weeks in a dark place. Use tincture daily for 3 tbsp. tablespoons before meals until it runs out.

Operative intervention

Surgical treatment of finger arthrosis consists in removing all growths and a damaged joint, after which it is replaced with a prosthesis. But such surgery is carried out in the most advanced cases. More often in the second stage, if drug treatment does not give tangible results, an arthroscopic operation is indicated, in which there is minimal intervention with several punctures. An optical device examines the joint from the inside, and the surgeon removes even the smallest violations of the anatomical structure of the finger.

Patients diagnosed with arthrosis are shown a diet with a lot of protein foods, because proteins help restore cartilage. They are found in dairy products, cottage cheese, hard cheeses, fish, and legumes. B vitamins are no less important, so you need to eat more potatoes, lentils, eggs, bananas. Fatty meat should be completely excluded from the diet: pork, lamb, goose. You can not overeat with arthrosis – you should eat in small portions 4-5 times a day.

Prevention

To reduce the likelihood of arthrosis of the fingers, motor loads that enhance blood flow are needed. They supply cartilage with oxygen and nutrients. In winter, overcooling should be avoided, and in cold weather, be sure to wear gloves or mittens. Constant control over weight, protecting fingers from injuries, balanced nutrition will keep fingers moving until they are very old.

Which doctor treats arthrosis of the joints of the fingers

If you notice pain or suspicious creaks in the fingers that did not occur against the background of an injury, you should immediately consult a doctor. All diseases associated with the joints are treated by a rheumatologist, who, after a thorough examination and examination of the test results, will make an unmistakable diagnosis, and then prescribe a complex therapy. The key to the successful treatment of arthrosis of the fingers is its timely detection.

Videos

With developing arthrosis, cracking of the cartilage tissue occurs, which over time will lead to big problems in everyday life. Therefore, self-medication is not worth it, but in the process of treatment, which is under the supervision of a doctor, you can help yourself to alleviate pain with the help of baths, lotions, massage and therapeutic exercises. Watch the video on how to do therapeutic exercises at home in the treatment of finger arthrosis:

Found a mistake in the text?
Select it, press Ctrl + Enter and we will fix it!

How to treat finger arthrosis

People often experience pain in the joints of the fingers, and in most cases this is the development of arthrosis. When the disease progresses, this leads to a limitation of the motor capabilities of the hand, therefore, with the appearance of the first symptoms, you should consult a doctor. What is arthrosis? This is an inflammatory process in the joints, leading to their degeneration and accompanied by pain during exertion. How to treat finger arthrosis should be known to all people after 40 years, especially women, since according to statistics men suffer from functional disorders of the hands much less often.

Methods of treating fingers with arthrosis

Finger arthrosis treatment is carried out immediately after diagnosis and, as a rule, is carried out comprehensively. It is aimed at the regeneration of cartilaginous tissue of the hands, increasing joint mobility, enhancing blood microcirculation in the vessels, relieving edema and pain syndromes. Some tablets will not be able to cope with such a difficult task, so the treatment of finger arthrosis should be carried out comprehensively. It lasts several months, and recovery occurs only if the patient strictly fulfills all the doctor’s prescriptions.

It should be remembered that the ailment is not formed in one week or a month. Arthrosis is a chronic disease that has been increasing for years. Finger disease is treated in several ways, each of which we will consider separately:

  • medication;
  • physiotherapeutic;
  • medical gymnastics;
  • special massage;
  • manual therapy;
  • folk remedies;
  • surgical intervention.

Medication

The official medicine recognizes the medical method as the most important treatment for arthrosis of the fingers. The disease occurs due to stress, trauma, poor ecology, unbalanced nutrition, joint inflammation, systematic hypothermia. The disease can also develop against the background of immune disorders and diseases such as arthritis, lupus erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, tuberculosis.

To relieve a pain symptom, doctors use several groups of drugs:

  1. NSAIDs and NSAIDs are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Their goal is to quickly relieve severe pain. Medicines are used in the form of tablets, injections, ointments and rubbing. The duration of the injection course should not exceed 10 injections, otherwise the gastrointestinal mucosa is destroyed. The most famous: “Diclofenac”, “Voltaren”, “Fastum gel”, “Piroxicam”, “Ibuprofen”, “Movalis”.
  2. Steroid drugs. These are anti-inflammatory drugs that have a fast analgesic and are used for intramuscular injection. These are drugs such as Prednisone, Cortisone, Dexamethasone.
  3. Analgesics and glucocorticoids are designed to prevent inflammatory processes in the joints of the fingers and to enhance blood circulation. Available in tablets, ointments, solutions for intramuscular and intravenous administration. Popular drugs: Spazmalgon, Nurofen, Hydrocortisone, Sinaflan.
  4. Chondroprotectors that can treat the source of the disease are destroyed cartilage. Their composition is identical to the structure of cartilage. But these drugs are effective at the initial stage of the disease, and it is useless to treat an advanced disease with them. Famous: Trental, Chondroxid, Teraflex.
  5. Muscle relaxants also help to quickly deal with pain. They dilate blood vessels during cramping. Popular: Midokalm, Baclofen, Sirdalud.

Physiotherapy

It is impossible to achieve a sustainable effect with medications alone, therefore physiotherapeutic measures come to the aid of the patient. They not only enhance the positive effect of drug treatment, but also contribute to the regeneration of articular cartilage, stimulating the body’s defenses. Physiotherapy is carried out both at home and on an outpatient basis.

The treatment includes:

  1. Ultrasound. Shock wave therapy is aimed at blocking pain with the help of special equipment. The principle of ultrasound is the impact on certain parts of the body of a shock sound wave, which stimulates tissue repair, which contributes to the patient’s quick recovery.
  2. Magnetotherapy. This treatment is based on decongestant, anti-inflammatory and sedative effects. A low frequency magnetic field acts on the articular cartilages of the fingers, prov >

Therapeutic gymnastics (LFK)

Therapeutic exercises for fingers with arthrosis will help increase the range of motion, strengthen the ligamentous apparatus. The exercises should be performed not to pain, but as far as possible stretching your fingers daily several times with each hand.

  1. Warm up fists. Lock your hands in your fist for 30 seconds, then unclench it, spreading your fingers wide apart.
  2. Stretching the palm. Place your palm on the surface so that your wrist and fingers touch it and the middle is raised. Then straighten your palm sharply to make it flat.
  3. Tiger claw. Turn your palm towards your face, squeeze your fingers to resemble the claws of a predator and lock for 30 seconds, then return to the starting position.

Hand massage and manual therapy

For joint diseases, manual therapy and massage are effective. These procedures are used as part of a comprehensive rehabilitation treatment, combining well with physiotherapy and physiotherapy. For the treatment of arthrosis, acupressure and segmental-reflex massage are used, in which an impact on the reflex zones is performed. With the help of manual therapy, it is effective to treat arthrosis of the thumb and arthrosis of the index finger, even without drug therapy.

Folk remedies

  1. Applications with paraffin. Immerse your hands in melted paraffin for 10 minutes, and then hold them in any herbal broth for 15-20 minutes. Do not be afraid to burn yourself – paraffin melts at a temperature of +52, very slowly giving off heat. Perform the procedure 2-3 times a week.
  2. Medicines of natural origin “Ozokerite” and “Bischofite”. These are natural materials in which there are many trace elements that contribute to the rapid regeneration of tissues. Apply drugs in the form of a compress on the fingers. Apply the heated preparation to 35-50 degrees on gauze, put it on the brush, fix it with an elastic bandage, leave it overnight. Compresses should be done every other day until pain is reduced.
  3. Effective internal remedies include rye grain infusion, which is prepared as follows: take 1 kg of grain, pour 7 liters. water, bring to a boil and let it brew for a couple of hours. Then strain, add 1 kg of honey, 200 g of alcohol and store for 3 weeks in a dark place. Use tincture daily for 3 tbsp. tablespoons before meals until it runs out.

Operative intervention

Surgical treatment of finger arthrosis consists in removing all growths and a damaged joint, after which it is replaced with a prosthesis. But such surgery is carried out in the most advanced cases. More often in the second stage, if drug treatment does not give tangible results, an arthroscopic operation is indicated, in which there is minimal intervention with several punctures. An optical device examines the joint from the inside, and the surgeon removes even the smallest violations of the anatomical structure of the finger.

Patients diagnosed with arthrosis are shown a diet with a lot of protein foods, because proteins help restore cartilage. They are found in dairy products, cottage cheese, hard cheeses, fish, and legumes. B vitamins are no less important, so you need to eat more potatoes, lentils, eggs, bananas. Fatty meat should be completely excluded from the diet: pork, lamb, goose. You can not overeat with arthrosis – you should eat in small portions 4-5 times a day.

Prevention

To reduce the likelihood of arthrosis of the fingers, motor loads that enhance blood flow are needed. They supply cartilage with oxygen and nutrients. In winter, overcooling should be avoided, and in cold weather, be sure to wear gloves or mittens. Constant control over weight, protecting fingers from injuries, balanced nutrition will keep fingers moving until they are very old.

Which doctor treats arthrosis of the joints of the fingers

If you notice pain or suspicious creaks in the fingers that did not occur against the background of an injury, you should immediately consult a doctor. All diseases associated with the joints are treated by a rheumatologist, who, after a thorough examination and examination of the test results, will make an unmistakable diagnosis, and then prescribe a complex therapy. The key to the successful treatment of arthrosis of the fingers is its timely detection.

Videos

With developing arthrosis, cracking of the cartilage tissue occurs, which over time will lead to big problems in everyday life. Therefore, self-medication is not worth it, but in the process of treatment, which is under the supervision of a doctor, you can help yourself to alleviate pain with the help of baths, lotions, massage and therapeutic exercises. Watch the video on how to do therapeutic exercises at home in the treatment of finger arthrosis:

Found a mistake in the text?
Select it, press Ctrl + Enter and we will fix it!

Modern methods of treating arthrosis of the fingers

Finger arthrosis, the symptoms and treatment of which will be described in detail below, is an urgent problem for millions of people. Especially often, this pathology affects women who have to do many household chores, overloading their hands. The defeat of small joints of the upper extremities is a common occurrence, but arthritis and arthrosis of the fingers should be distinguished, since their nature is different, then the treatment is different. The similarity of the manifestations complicates the diagnosis, but in any case, when there are signs of the disease, pain should not be tolerated, effective treatment must be started in a timely manner.

Essence of the disease

Any arthrosis is a joint pathology of a degenerative-dystrophic nature, when joint tissues are destroyed as a result of a long chronic process, which is often accompanied by an inflammatory effect. The progression of the disease leads to tissue destruction, loss of elasticity of the cartilage with their gradual ossification and destruction, the occurrence of violations in the form of cracks, proliferation of connective tissue and tissue tightening.

It should be noted that the destructive destructive process does not go beyond the boundaries of the affected joint, but the joint itself undergoes significant deformation. Biochemical changes occur in it, osteophytes (bone growths) form, which causes a decrease in articular mobility. The basis of arthrosis (unlike arthritis) is the degenerative mechanism of destruction, however, cartilage changes often give rise to inflammatory processes in nearby soft tissue, which exacerbates the pathology.

Thus, finger arthrosis (the photo is illustrative enough) is a chronic pathology caused by degenerative destruction of small joints with the addition of an inflammatory reaction of nearby tissues. The most characteristic localization of the lesion: interphalangeal joints of the distal type and the base of the thumb. The disease, as a rule, develops according to the primary mechanism, and its course obeys the specifics of the pronounced chronic process: periods of exacerbation are replaced by periods of remission. When arthrosis of the fingers develops, the symptoms and treatment correspond to the period of the pathology.

Features of the onset of the disease

The complete etiological mechanism of arthrosis remains a mystery to date, but it is clear that its basis is a violation of the blood supply to the joints and metabolic processes, in particular, the process of collagen synthesis and maturation changes. Cartilage begins to lose proteoglycans, which leads to loss of elasticity.

One of the leading reasons is considered the age factor. The most active pathology develops in women during menopause, which is facilitated by hormonal changes. That is why the peak incidence in women refers to 44-58 years. Over the age of 62 years, the incidence among men, caused by the natural aging of tissues, is also sharply increasing.

As the provoking causes of the pathology, the following are distinguished: frequent physical overload caused by the wearing of heavy loads and the load on the fingers during work; brush injuries; overly frequent infection by respiratory pathogens; weakened immunity; allergic sensitization; work on a vibrating table and with vibrators; frostbite; some diseases (rheumatism, diabetes, gout); malnutrition; congenital pathologies associated with insufficient development of the fingers and hand.

Features of the manifestation of pathology

With the onset of arthrosis of the fingers, the symptoms depend on the nature of the development of the pathology.

There are 2 main varieties of the disease:

  1. Nodular type. Pathology can develop on the interphalangeal distal (Heberden nodules) and proximal (Bouchard’s nodules) joints. The main feature of this form is the appearance of nodule thickenings with ossification.
  2. Rhizarthrosis. The main lesion is located at the base of the thumb of the hand. The defeat is caused by damage to the carpal, metacarpal, and metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb.

When arthrosis of the fingers progresses, symptoms and treatment depend on the characteristic stages of the pathology. In the clinical picture of the disease, 3 stages are clearly visible:

  1. First stage. At the initial stage, a periodic pain syndrome of aching nature appears (usually at night), muscle tension occurs, swelling appears in the lesion. At the same time, articular mobility has not yet been impaired.
  2. Second stage. Muscular atrophy and an increase in articular volume begin. The mobility of the joints decreases, and with the movement of the fingers a specific crunch appears. Pain syndrome manifests itself with any strain on the fingers, but worsens at night.
  3. Third stage. The disease passes into the deforming stage. Cartilage tissue is destroyed with the transition of the process to bone elements, which leads to a significant limitation of mobility and the appearance of characteristic nodules. Heberden’s nodules are accompanied by redness, burning, and sensitive pain. Bouchard’s nodules on the median finger joints are slowly progressing. Deformation of the fingers becomes noticeable. As a result of a violation of blood supply and nutrition with necessary microelements, brittle bones are significantly increased.

Principles of treating a disease

How to treat finger arthrosis? Treatment depends on the stage of the disease and is carried out comprehensively.

The following methods may be used:

  • drug therapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • massotherapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • the use of folk remedies.

In advanced cases, surgical treatment is performed.

Treatment of finger arthrosis with a conservative medication is carried out with the appointment of drugs that ensure the elimination of inflammatory reactions, the cessation of destruction and regeneration of cartilage tissue, the normalization of metabolic processes and tissue nutrition, the overall strengthening of the body. The most characteristic use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Nimesulide, Ketanov, Diclofenac, Aceclofenac, Indomethacin, Ortofen), chondroprotectors (Chondroxide, Glucosamine, Arthra, Structum), vitamin and mineral complexes, including with a high content of calcium and vitamin complexes (Vitrum, Centrum, Theravit).

To stop the process of tissue destruction, injections can be carried out directly into the affected joint with the use of Alflutop, Chondrogard preparations. The healing effect is achieved by the appointment of Gilgan, Fermatron. With arthrosis of the thumb, treatment is also carried out by external means in the form of painkillers and anti-inflammatory ointments Menovazin, Viprosal, Nikoflex, Ungapiven.

Physiotherapy is based on the use of electrophoresis with drugs, exposure to laser radiation, paraffin and ozocerite baths, baths with therapeutic composition, magnetotherapy.

In the case of electrophoresis or phonophoresis, preference is given to drugs fortified with calcium.

An important element of the comprehensive treatment is considered to be therapeutic exercises for the hands. Such exercises include simple, but quite effective exercises aimed at strengthening muscle tissue. Such exercises are often recommended: imitation of playing the piano; spreading fingers, simulate the “walking” of the brush on the table; quick connection of fingers alternately – thumb with index finger, and then middle with thumb, etc.

Do not forget about such medical procedures as a light massage to enhance blood circulation, compresses with medicinal herbs. With the development of arthrosis, it is recommended to optimize nutrition. Sauerkraut, whey, wild berries, bone broth, rye bread, dairy products should be added to the menu. Reduce the consumption of salt and spices. As a folk remedy, homemade ointments based on propolis, flaxseed, wax are allocated; infusions and decoctions of medicinal plants (fern, saberfish, birch leaves).

Arthrosis of the joints of the fingers requires treatment, since it is a very unpleasant disease that disrupts the usual performance and tormenting painful manifestations. When the first signs appear, you should consult a doctor and begin effective treatment.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.

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