Inflammatory diseases of the joints are one of the most common pathologies of the musculoskeletal system. They affect people of any age and often cause serious complications. Severe joint pain leads to limited mobility and disability. Arthritis of the fingers is especially difficult to tolerate. Small joints of the hand become inflamed for various reasons, and this quickly leads to the loss of self-care skills. It is noticed that women are more susceptible to this pathology, moreover, during menopause. Inflammation can gradually lead to complete immobility of the hand. Only timely, correct treatment for finger arthritis can save the patient from disability.
- Development mechanism
- Finger Arthritis Symptoms Treatment
- Arthritis of the fingers: treatment, symptoms and photos
- Symptoms of the disease
- The causes of the disease
- Drug treatment of arthritis of the joints of the fingers
- Physiotherapy for arthritis
- Hand arthritis treatment folk remedies
- How to determine the stage and treat arthritis of the fingers
- Video “Causes of arthritis and its treatment”
- Arthritis of the fingers
- Main reasons
- Degrees of disease
- Effective treatment
- Therapeutic exercise
- Do I need a diet?
- Folk remedies
- Complications of Finger Arthritis
Arthritis is an inflammatory disease of the joints. First, the inflammatory process develops in their synovial membrane. It can be provoked by an infection that got there with a blood stream, injury or increased stress. Due to inflammation in the cavity of the joint bag, exudate accumulates. It interferes with the normal nutrition of joint tissues, worsens venous outflow and metabolic processes.
As a result of this, all tissues become inflamed: cartilage, bones, ligaments and tendons. The disease progresses gradually. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the small joints of the hand are constantly exposed to stress, as the hands work during any movement of a person.
Arthritis can even develop in children. Moreover, they most often have a reactive or rheumatoid form of this pathology. The reason for this may be a genetic predisposition, abnormalities of intrauterine development, as well as injuries or infectious diseases. But juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, which is most common, rarely affects the joints of the fingers.
Arthritis of the hands occurs at any age, in contrast to arthrosis, which is most affected by older people. The cause of this can be infection, trauma, chronic metabolic or allergic diseases. According to statistics, manual workers are most prone to finger arthritis. Indeed, with increased loads on small joints, frequent flexion-extensor movements or constant tension, the risk of their inflammation increases. Therefore, this disease is considered professional among jewelers, tailors, hairdressers, artists. It also occurs due to prolonged hypothermia, when working in conditions of high humidity.
A fairly common cause of the disease is infection. Any bacterial or viral disease can cause joint complications. Especially often, herpes, influenza, measles, scarlet fever, tuberculosis, dysentery become the cause of it. Arthritis may develop during illness or some time after recovery. Fungal nail diseases with improper treatment can also lead to the development of an inflammatory process.
Also, inflammation of the joints of the fingers can occur as a secondary symptom in autoimmune, rheumatic, allergic or metabolic pathologies. In accordance with this, different types of arthritis are distinguished: gouty, rheumatic, reactive, psoriatic. Hormonal malfunctions during pregnancy, but especially with menopause, as well as stress, increased stress, decreased immunity, lack of nutrients, metabolic disorders, can become an impetus for the development of the inflammatory process.
The joint on the finger is often inflamed after an injury or surgery. This can be a professional injury when playing sports or manual labor or ordinary household. Bruising, dislocation, sprains, or rupture of tendons can lead to inflammation. Moreover, even a small injury that quickly healed can leave a mark on the joint, which will eventually develop into arthritis.
Signs of finger arthritis are almost no different from manifestations of other articular pathologies. This is severe pain, swelling of the joint, discoloration of the skin above it, limitation of mobility.
But there are specific symptoms of finger arthritis:
- severe pain appears not only when moving, but also at rest, especially at night;
- stiffness in the joints in the morning or after prolonged immobility, feeling as if gloves were tight on the hands;
- joints react with pain to weather changes;
- they are painful when touched;
- creaking may occur during movement in the joint;
- usually several joints become inflamed, often the lesion is symmetrical on both hands;
- the skin over the affected joint is red, hot, stretched;
- sometimes tingling in the fingers, numbness;
- possibly a general deterioration in performance, headaches, weakness;
- body temperature may rise, signs of intoxication appear.
Often inflammation of the joint of the hand appears sharply, immediately with severe pain and fever. But with some diseases, for example, with psoriasis or metabolic disorders, arthritis develops gradually. However, it can be difficult to recognize at the initial stage. There are no severe pains at this time, there is only a crunch during movement and a slight limitation of mobility after sleep. In the second stage of arthritis, the joints swell, pain when moving. Stage 3 is characterized by severe pain even at rest, joints are deformed, self-care skills are lost. At the 4th stage of the disease, a complete fusion of the articular cartilage occurs, the fingers become motionless, severely deformed. These changes are already irreversible.
Since arthritis of the brush can occur for various reasons and each person has its own characteristics, there are many varieties of it. It can be acute, chronic, reactive, post-traumatic.
In addition to the classification according to the severity of the course, as well as the rate of development of the inflammatory process, several types of this pathology are distinguished.
- Infectious arthritis develops due to bacteria or viruses entering the joint cavity. This does not always happen with an open injury or surgery. Most often, the infection enters the joint with a blood stream. This happens with flu, tonsillitis, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, dysentery. If bacteria penetrated the skin during injury, purulent arthritis may develop.
- Psoriatic arthritis develops in people with psoriasis. Its characteristic feature is that the lesion is asymmetric, but all joints on one finger become inflamed.
- Gouty arthritis occurs with metabolic disorders caused by an increase in the number of uric acid salts. This disease affects mainly the joints of the toes, but in severe cases, salt deposition occurs on the joints of the hands.
- The most severe form of pathology is deforming arthritis. It is characterized by the fact that inflammation quickly leads to joint deformation, curvature of the fingers and loss of mobility. Most often, this kind of disease develops due to a long-standing injury.
- Rheumatoid arthritis affects the fingers, most often the middle and index. The joints of the thumbs and little fingers are very rarely affected. This is an autoimmune disease characterized by the fact that the body’s immune system perceives joint tissues as foreign tissue and attacks them. Because of this, pain occurs, especially at night, stiffness in movements. Fingers swell, gradually deform. Dry skin, muscle atrophy develops.
- Post-traumatic arthritis rarely develops immediately after an injury. Typically, damage to the cartilage or bone parts of the joint leads to inflammation after some time.
- In reactive arthritis, inflammation is a reaction to common infectious or allergic diseases, metabolic pathologies or immune disorders.
- Rhizarthritis is sometimes found – it is inflammation of only the joint of the thumb.
Arthritis quickly leads to joint deformities and other complications. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a doctor as soon as the first symptoms of inflammation appear. After examination and conversation with the patient, the doctor makes a preliminary diagnosis. To confirm it, it is necessary to conduct an instrumental and laboratory examination.
Most often, an x-ray, ultrasound or MRI is done to diagnose arthritis of the joints. Sometimes arthroscopy is done to detect the presence of infection. Blood tests for rheumatoid factor and antibodies, determination of uric acid level are also prescribed. The patient needs consultations of a rheumatologist, immunologist and other doctors, depending on the cause of the inflammation.
Finger Arthritis Symptoms Treatment
Arthritis of the fingers: treatment, symptoms and photos
Arthritis of the joints of the fingers: symptoms and treatment of the disease
Finger arthritis is an inflammatory process that affects small joints on the fingers. The development of the disease gradually leads to disfiguration of the fingers, which is expressed in their curvature, as well as in an increase in joints. Arthritis occurs in two forms: acute and chronic. In the acute form, the disease appears unexpectedly: the joints of the fingers swell, acute pain is felt, general malaise. Surgical treatment: removal of tumors and pain. The situation is worse with chronic arthritis: it develops slowly, often for several years, and this period passes almost imperceptibly for the patient.
Such ailment can lead to such unpleasant consequences.
World statistics in the field of arthritis of the fingers states the following facts:
- women suffer from this disease more often than men (about three times). One explanation: women spend a lot of time on manual labor (especially in rural areas and often in the cold), so there is a risk of an inflammatory process
- approximately every seventh citizen of the planet feels arthritic pain and all the accompanying symptoms.
Often, the development of an ailment leads to disability: a person can’t do anything with his own hands, even serve himself (hold a spoon in his hands, fasten a button, etc.), not to mention the loss of professional skills. That is why an early diagnosis of arthritis and the provision of qualified medical care will lead to a complete cure for the disease.
Symptoms of the disease
Arthritis is a disease that proceeds according to the principle of polyarthritis, which means simultaneous damage to several joints. In arthritis, the small metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints are affected symmetrically.
What symptoms indicate the presence of this unpleasant ailment?
- constant aching pain in the joints (especially when changing weather or after exercise)
- tingling and numbness
- swelling, swelling and redness of the skin in the joint affected by arthritis
- affected areas have fever
- perhaps a feeling of “crunch” in the joints
- symmetry of lesions
- manifestation of a violation of the functions of flexion-extension (contracture)
- joint deformation S-shaped
- muscle atrophy occurs in the affected area
- bone growths are formed between the nail and middle phalanges of the fingers (Heberden nodules).
The development of all these symptoms is preceded by the following manifestations: weakness, weight loss, malaise, periodic unexplained rises in body temperature. But, unfortunately, arthritis is an insidious disease and is not limited to disorders in the joints: the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, and especially the gastrointestinal tract, also suffer.
The neglected form of arthritis of the phalanx of the fingers, which is caused by an infection, is complicated by a purulent inflammatory process.
The causes of the disease
- various injuries of the hands, bruises, surgical operations
- constant and systematic influence of unfavorable factors: cold, humidity
- an important role is played by heredity, genetic predisposition
- metabolic disorders: the presence of diseases of gout, diabetes
- the presence of diseases: tuberculosis, dysentery, syphilis (contribute to the development of arthritis)
Drug treatment of arthritis of the joints of the fingers
The result of arthritis treatment depends entirely on the degree of joint damage. Treatment is carried out using medications of three groups:
- NSAIDs are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs can interrupt a complex chain of biochemical processes that lead to the release of active biological substances that stop inflammation. These medications include acetylsalicylic acid, ibuprofen, diclofenac, indomethacin. All these tools are used in combination: by injection, by mouth, externally in the form of gels and ointments. Unfortunately, these drugs are used carefully, in the strom according to the instructions, as they have a lot of undesirable side effects.
- Glucocorticoids. Very powerful anti-inflammatory group. Kenalog, hydrocortisone, diprosan are, if necessary, injected directly into the area of the inflamed joint.
- Immunosuppressants. Relate to the so-called basic, or basic medicines, with which you can get rid of arthritis. These are chrysan, d-penicillamine, methotrexate, imuran.
The use of the above medications will be effective if the treatment is accompanied by proper nutrition. The diet completely eliminates alcohol, limits the intake of salt, animal fats, hot spices, carbohydrates. Food should be enriched with protein, and these are products such as fish, legumes, seafood, eggs, cheese (joints really need calcium contained in it). Also shown in large quantities is the use of juices, compotes, decoctions, etc.
Physiotherapy for arthritis
- Cryotherapy. The procedure is very effective, but it has a minus – it costs a lot. Focal “-freezing” – has no contraindications, it is recommended to use to relieve pain during exacerbation.
- Electrophoresis Local exposure with the participation of electric current (a therapeutic agent is applied to the electrodes)
- Diadynamic therapy – impact on affected areas with low-frequency pulse currents
- Mud therapy.
The last four procedures are used during remission.
For the treatment and prevention of arthritis of the joints of the fingers, it is necessary to strengthen the joints using physical therapy methods.
Hand arthritis treatment folk remedies
Arthritis has long been treated with various folk methods, some of which are discussed below.
- Pain in acute arthritis is relieved by a honey compress. Method of preparation: 1 tablespoon of honey is mixed with 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil and 1 tablespoon of dry mustard. After heating, the mixture is applied to the joint for 1 hour. repeat the procedure daily until the pain disappears.
- Lay the pine buds and sugar in layers in a small jar. Put the jar with the contents in a dark place for a week. Take 2 teaspoons inside, you can rub the joint with a liquid mass
- Pour a half-liter jar of fresh Kalanchoe leaves with vodka. Put in a dark place for insisting, periodically shake. After 7 days, the miracle remedy is ready. Joints can be lubricated once a day.
- An excellent remedy for arthritis is tincture from the bark of a bird cherry tree. It is prepared as follows: 50 grams of bark (pre-crushed) is poured with 250 grams of vodka. 7 days – and you can rub joints
- Relieve arthritic pain applied to a diseased joint cabbage leaves
It is possible to cure such an unpleasant disease as arthritis of the fingers. The main thing is to consult a doctor on time and, if possible, lead a healthy lifestyle.
How to determine the stage and treat arthritis of the fingers
Arthritis of the joints of the fingers is an inflammation that affects not only the joints themselves, but also the cartilage around them. The disease is considered quite common: according to statistics, every seventh inhabitant of our planet suffers from it to one degree or another. Moreover, signs of arthritis in women are manifested much more often – about 5 times more than in men.
Official medicine explains this fact by the fact that usually a woman in working and living conditions performs more manipulations associated with fine manual motility. Arthritis of the joints of the hands mainly affects the interphalangeal joints on the hand or the patient develops arthritis of the thumb.
Symptoms of arthritis of the hands are often somewhat different, depending on what caused it to develop. But there are general points characteristic of all varieties of the disease:
- severe pain accompanying any movement of the fingers. At the initial stage of the disease, the pains are barely noticeable, but as the pathological processes worsen, they constantly intensify;
- the joints on the hands react sharply and painfully to changing weather conditions, and even to changes in atmospheric pressure;
- feeling of stiffness, difficulty in moving hands. Such symptoms of finger arthritis are especially acute in the morning, immediately after waking up;
- arthritis on the fingers makes the skin change color, become inflamed and stretch;
- the affected areas swell, and the fingers themselves seem to become thicker;
- arthritis of the joints of the fingers develops symmetrically on the limbs: if the problem is on the right limb, it is guaranteed to be on the left;
- sometimes while moving with your fingers you can hear a characteristic creak;
- patients note a slight increase in temperature, a state of general weakness and drowsiness.
Arthritis of the joints of the fingers is caused by many reasons:
- patient age. In an elderly person, all organs and systems of the body gradually wear out, joints are no exception. Another point is age-related metabolic disorders, as a result of which cartilaginous articular tissues do not receive a sufficient amount of nutrients;
- injuries. Another common reason why arthritis of the joints of the fingers develops. An old fracture or bruise can lead to the need for special treatment for an ins >
The process of development of the disease proceeds in certain phases:
- at the initial stage, the disease does not openly manifest itself, so many do not attach importance to short-term morning discomfort (mobility of the hands is worsened, it is difficult for the patient to hold the cup in his hands), which quickly passes and therefore do not seek treatment;
- at the next stage, the pathological process is aggravated: the pain begins to bother the patient not only in the morning, deforming changes in the joints become noticeable, and the skin around it swells and reddens;
- the third stage is characterized by the fact that the disease deforms the joints even more (as always, symmetrically), a person experiences severe pain, feels the stiffness of movements;
- and the last phase is the most difficult – now the cartilage tissue has completely grown together, and it becomes too late to treat arthritis of the joints of the fingers of the fingers, as the motor function is completely lost.
As the main complications of the disease, curvature of the fingers is distinguished, which negatively affects the patient’s ability to perform elementary actions. Ultimately, in the absence of therapy, this leads to disability: a person completely loses the ability to serve himself independently.
The chronic form is no less dangerous – in this case, the destruction of cartilage tissue and joints occurs imperceptibly for the patient.
Given the fact that the disease is systemic in nature, the treatment of arthritis of the joints of the hands must necessarily be medication. In this case, it is better to abandon the prospect of self-medication and folk remedies immediately. The treatment of finger arthritis with medications will bring minimal side effects if the patient adheres to all the recommendations of the attending physician. Drug treatment measures are reduced to taking the following drugs:
- medicines of the analgesic group – are used when the disease is in the acute phase. Of course, they will not be able to cure the root cause of the ailment, but they can completely ease the pain and slightly remove the inflammation;
- medicines based on chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine;
- vasodilator drugs;
- treatment of hand arthritis may involve antibiotics if infectious arthritis occurs;
- ointments for external use with the content of anti-inflammatory and analgesic components are actively used.
When dealing with a problem such as arthritis of the hands, treatment, like the disease itself, should be systemic. Accordingly, it will not be possible to cure arthritis without physical procedures. Therapies such as electrophoresis, ultrasound, massages, acupuncture and even quartzization are widespread.
Fighting arthritis of the fingers with this method of treatment is advisable when the symptoms of the disease have been present for a long time, and other methods will not bring the expected effect. How to treat finger arthritis in this way? Very simple: a damaged joint is simply replaced with an appropriate prosthesis. The method is widely used for rheumatoid arthritis in a neglected state. The procedure is carried out in order to restore motor activity, however, before it, the patient must undergo a full examination.
A diet for arthritis of the fingers involves the use of a number of products that can alleviate symptoms, and treatment will be more effective. These include oily sea fish, fresh vegetables and fruits, seeds, nuts, garlic, turmeric. Before treating arthritis in the acute phase, be sure to exclude animal products for at least a week. In principle, this is where the recommendations regarding diet go.
Another option for treating rheumatoid arthritis is with gymnastic exercises. Of course, they need to be performed only after the inflammation has been removed in order to restore motor function. But you can engage in such exercises exclusively during remission and very carefully so that you do not inadvertently harm your own health.
Is it possible to protect yourself from such trouble as rheumatoid arthritis of the fingers? Of course no. The causes leading to the development of the disease are often independent of us. The only thing we can do is prevent fingers arthritis. It consists in observing the following tips:
- no disease of an infectious nature can be left untreated;
- regularly take vitamin complexes;
- play sports reasonably;
- to keep body weight within reasonable limits – a recommendation is especially relevant for those who fear manifestations of arthritis in the knees;
- refrain from drinking alcohol, give up tobacco;
- adhere to the rules of proper nutrition.
Hand arthritis is an ailment whose symptoms are difficult to recognize at first. But when the disease progresses and there is a noticeable damage to the joints of the fingers, treatment with folk remedies is unlikely to help. It is better to seek qualified help immediately so as not to aggravate the situation and not risk your own health.
After all, the problem is very formidable and insidious: by the time when the manifestations of the disease become noticeable, the situation will already be quite serious. Be attentive to yourself and your health, because it is the most precious treasure for each of us. Health to you!
Video “Causes of arthritis and its treatment”
In this video, you will learn about the causes of arthritis and how to treat it.
Arthritis of the fingers
Often, rheumatoid arthritis of the fingers of a child or adult is manifested as a complication in the progression of diseases such as rheumatism, infectious damage to the joints of the hand, metabolic disorders in the body. The disease most often affects the structures of the interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints. If you ignore the symptoms of arthritis and do not treat the problem in a timely manner, a strong curvature of the fingers appears, due to which the person is no longer able to service himself.
Arthritis of the joints of the fingers is a degenerative-dystrophic disease in which the inflammation is localized in the corresponding joints. Deformation is most often observed in the elderly. This is due to the fact that the metabolic process in an aging organism is slowed down and the joint structures lack the necessary elements for normal functioning. Also, the metacarpal and interphalangeal joint of the fingers on the hands can become inflamed under the influence of such factors:
- decreased immune properties;
- ingestion of an infectious pathogen, for example, streptococcus or staphylococcus;
- constant hard manual labor;
- congenital malformations of the upper limbs;
- systemic diseases such as lupus erythematosus, diabetes;
- chronic stress, overwork, depression.
A cold of an infectious nature can cause joint inflammation in a child.
In children, arthritis of the fingers is also often diagnosed. An ordinary infectious cold, hypothermia, lack of vitamins, and a malfunction of the immune system can provoke pathology. To successfully cure the problem and get rid of it forever, it is important to find out what exactly influenced the progression of the pathology and eliminate the root cause.
Degrees of disease
The disease has 4 stages characterized by distinctive features. As you progress, the symptoms become more pronounced:
- The initial or 1st stage often does not manifest itself in any way, so novice arthritis of the phalanges of the fingers is rarely diagnosed at this stage. But still, the condition differs from the norm in that in the mornings there is a stiffness and stiffness of the thumb, index and middle finger.
- At 2 degrees, the interphalangeal or metacarpal joint hurts and looks swollen. A crunch appears during movement, deformation begins in the inter-articular structures.
- At the 3rd stage, pains in the hands and phalanges of the index, middle and thumb fingers become unbearable, swelling interferes with any movement, because of which the patient is no longer able to do the usual manipulations with his hands. Intra-articular osteophytes increase in size, the temperature rises locally. Acute syndrome can be relieved for a short time by taking painkillers.
- By 4 degrees, the joints are inflamed and enlarged so that it becomes impossible to move them. Hands look deformed and sore all the time. Familiar painkillers do not help. If at this stage you do not seek medical help, the patient runs the risk of permanently losing the functionality of his fingers and remain disabled.
Arthritis of the joints of the hands is of the following types:
- infectious arthritis.
By the type of affected joints, they distinguish:
Beginning arthritis of the hands is characterized by a slight morning stiffness, which passes through 1-1,5. But as the disorder progresses, the symptoms become more pronounced. The hands swell and become wide, localized pain appears, the temperature of the skin of the finger rises, and crunching and clicks are heard during movement. Painful nodules form under the skin. In the acute course, a person begins to lose weight, because due to inflammation the condition worsens, and the body can no longer function normally.
To avoid negative consequences, it is recommended that you go to the doctor immediately as soon as the initial signs of arthritis of the fingers begin to appear. A rheumatologist is involved in the treatment of the problem, he will conduct an initial examination of the patient and try to find out the cause of the development of the pathology. Consultation with an allergist, immunologist, and traumatologist is also necessary. Next, the patient needs to undergo a series of diagnostic studies:
- biochemical analysis of blood for uric acid, CRP, rheumatoid factor, sialic acid, seromucoid;
- synovial fluid puncture.
- X-ray examination of the fingers and toes;
- Ultrasound of the joints;
- CT or MRI of the upper and lower extremities.
If the diagnosis confirms that the patient is progressing arthritis on the fingers, conservative medication and adjunctive therapy methods are prescribed. The effectiveness of the treatment will be monitored by the doctor, if necessary, making adjustments to the scheme.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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The disease is successfully treated with medication if it is not started. Often the treatment of hand arthritis is based on the use of such groups of drugs:
Nonstero >For the treatment of joint pathology, vitamins with calcium are additionally prescribed.
If infectious arthritis of the large, middle, index finger or little finger is diagnosed, penicillin antibiotics are prescribed. It is also recommended to take vitamins containing calcium. In addition to the defeat of the phalanges of the fingers, the arthritis of the big toe can be diagnosed, in this case the treatment regimen does not differ from the previous one.
The medical treatment of arthritis is necessarily supplemented by auxiliary physiotherapeutic procedures that improve blood supply and nutrition of diseased joints, and contribute to the removal of edema and pain. The following procedures are prescribed:
- laser heating;
- electrophoresis with painkillers;
Special exercises aimed at developing arthritic fingers of the hands will help restore the functionality of the joints and restore their previous mobility. It is recommended to perform such training:
For joints, it is useful to sort out the rosary.
- forcefully clench-unclench your fist;
- spread your fingers wide;
- fingering the rosary;
- simulate playing the piano;
- raise and lower your fingers alternately on a flat surface;
- squeeze a small ball sandwiched between the palms.
Do I need a diet?
So that arthritis of the hands can be cured as soon as possible, it is important to adjust your diet and review the diet. There are products with which you can accelerate the restoration and regeneration of damaged joint structures. These include:
- red meat and fish;
- fruits vegetables;
- nuts, seeds;
- buckwheat, rice, “Hercules”.
During treatment, it is worth abandoning alcoholic beverages, sweets, fatty and spicy dishes. It is important to eat fractionally, in small portions, drink plenty of fluids.
As adjuvant therapy, you can use the recipes of healers, after consulting with your doctor. Treatment with folk remedies will be effective if warming vodka compresses are applied to the diseased joints. Gadgets with cabbage leaf also help, which helps to remove swelling and inflammation. To improve immunity, it is recommended to drink an infusion of rose hips with honey and lemon every day. To relieve swelling and reduce pain, it is recommended to take relaxing baths for the hands:
- Pour a glass of boiling water 2 tbsp. l birch buds, insist 1,5-2 hours.
- In warm bath water, dilute a handful of sea salt, then add the infusion.
- Take the procedure in the evening before going to bed. After baths, it is recommended to lubricate the joint with anti-inflammatory ointment.
Replacing the joints with endoprostheses is carried out in the case when conservative therapy was ineffective, and the joint structures continue to collapse further. Prosthetics are performed according to the following scheme:
- Resection of the dorsum-lateral side of the carpal surface is performed, after which the joint capsule is released.
- The surgeon examines the phalanges and removes the destroyed structures in whole or in part.
- A suitable prosthesis is selected and installed.
Complications of Finger Arthritis
If the diagnosis and treatment of the disease was untimely, irreversible deforming processes develop in the joints of the fingers, due to which a person is no longer able to perform the usual manipulations with them. This situation threatens to end with disability. The most dangerous consequences of arthritis are necrosis of the articular structures, osteomyelitis, arthrosis of the fingers, osteolysis. If the nature of the disease is infectious, the risk of purulent-septic complications is high.
To prevent such a disease, it is important to carefully monitor your health, completely treat colds and viral pathologies, take vitamins and boost immunity. It is important to lead a healthy lifestyle, exercise, eat right. Also, the prevention of finger arthritis includes stabbing and eliminating bad habits.