Facial neuritis symptoms and treatment at home

Treatment of facial neuritis at home helps protect the eye of the affected area of ​​the face, reduce inflammatory and painful processes.

Causes and symptoms of the disease

Symptoms of the disease often occur suddenly or develop within a few days. Often the first, the problem is discovered by friends or family members, noticing the curvature of the nasolabial folds of a loved one, or his slurred speech. Usually, the disease is more acute in the morning.

  • asymmetry of the face;
  • omission of the angle of the mouth;
  • incomplete closing of the eye;
  • smoothing wrinkles on the forehead;
  • lacrimation, or dryness in the eye.

Sometimes the disease manifests itself with additional signs:

  • headache;
  • taste change;
  • numbness of one side of the face;
  • hypersensitivity to loud sounds.

What is the cause of this disease is not yet exactly established. The pathogenesis of the disease is caused by compression of the facial nerve, circulatory disorders, malfunctioning of the immune system, and viral etiology.

The disease can develop for the following reasons:

  • diabetes;
  • during pregnancy;
  • after SARS or hypothermia.

The triggers of the disease are often:

The most common form of facial nerve damage is Bell palsy. This idiopathic (having an unknown cause) neuritis occurs in 70% of cases.

In another 20% of cases, neuritis has an otogenic (due to some processes in the ear area) character, and in 6% of cases it has a traumatic basis.

Neuritis develops in 25 out of 100 thousand people worldwide. In newborns, the disease occurs in 2 cases out of a thousand and is usually associated with birth injury. However, this neuritis can be congenital.

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Diagnosis of the disease

The disease is diagnosed by clinical manifestations:

  • weakness of the facial nerve branches;
  • omission of the angle of the mouth;
  • drooping eyebrows;
  • dry eyes;
  • pain around the ear;
  • violation of taste;
  • violation of the closure of the mouth;
  • incomplete closure of the eyelid;
  • improper perception of sounds (hyperacusis).

If the eye closure is incomplete, Bell’s paralysis is usually diagnosed. With Bell’s paralysis, a neurologist, otorhinolaryngologist and ophthalmologist examines with the minimum possible delay after the onset of paralysis. Although optimal treatment for Bell’s acute paralysis cannot always be offered on time, protection against secondary eye damage should be ensured if the eyelid closure is insufficient or there is a change in lacrimation.

With facial neuritis, a study of nerve conduction is also carried out using electromyography, which can detect:

  • prolonged delay in muscle response;
  • decrease in total muscle action potential.

Electromyography can provide useful information about the severity of the disease and the nature of the lesions.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is able to localize the site of damage to the facial nerve inside the fallopian canal. Evaluation of the ear area usually includes pneumatic otoscopy, examination with tuning forks, and audiometry.

Additional studies may also include electron-histagmography (changing the biopotentials of the eyeball) and nystagmography (graphical recording of eye movements).

Research may show:

  • increase or decrease in blood glucose;
  • antibodies against DNA and RNA viruses;
  • a slight increase in the amount of protein in the blood;
  • borreliosis (an infectious disease caused by bacteria);
  • pleocytosis (an abnormally large number of lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid).

Treatment of facial neuritis at home

At night, it is best to use special soft pads on the eye so that it remains closed during sleep. You may also need a small piece of a slightly sticky surgical tape glued to the eyelid itself.

It is recommended that you wear an eye patch to prevent corneal erosion or other eye damage throughout the day. If the dressing is inconvenient, although this is not recommended by doctors, the eyelid of the eye can be closed by hand or with several blinks. It is best to close your eyes gently with a soft and clean cloth.

Eye protection from dust and dirt can be ensured by wearing suitable glasses, but in this case there is still a risk of wind and dust getting into the eyes. In the daytime, it is best to combine the eye patch and sunglasses, this can protect it from getting injured and scratched.

Eating, and especially drinking, can be quite uncomfortable with Bell’s palsy. The only effective way to ensure that food or liquid remains in the mouth is to physically keep the corner of the mouth on the affected part of the face closed. To do this, hold both lips between the thumb and forefinger on the affected side of the face until food is swallowed.

Taking over-the-counter pain medications, such as Aspirin, Ibuprofen, or Tylenol, can relieve pain. Applying napkins moistened with warm water to the face several times a day also helps in reducing pain.

Physical activity and massage of the affected side of the face, on the recommendation of a physiotherapist, can relax the facial muscles. Relaxation methods may include relaxing therapies using meditation and yoga, which can relieve muscle tension and chronic pain.

Acupuncture also helps stimulate the nerves and muscles of the facial area, which gives some relief of pain symptoms.

Learning how to use your mind to control your body can help you better manage your facial muscles and reduce pain.

How to treat facial neuritis folk remedies?

Carrot juice and spinach. These products are very valuable in the treatment of neuritis caused by health problems. You should drink two glasses of raw juice from carrots and spinach every day.

Soy milk (vegetable milk made from soybeans) is considered the most effective home remedy for treating neuritis. You must prepare the mixture by adding one teaspoon of honey or nectar to soy milk. It is best to take the mixture at night.

Barley has anti-inflammatory properties and helps the immune system, as it contains a wide range of active biological enzymes and vitamins. It is necessary within 5-6 hours to insist a tablespoon of barley grains in 250 ml of cold water. Then boil the tincture for 10 minutes and strain. Mix the resulting broth with kefir or juice and drink 15 minutes before meals every day.

Nutrition for facial neuritis should include many red and orange natural foods, such as pineapples, carrots, oranges, beets, and apples.

Soil-grown foods provide important healing minerals to the body. An ideal dietary regimen should also include organic foods, seedlings, milk, yogurt and cottage cheese.

Combined therapy with vitamins B1, B2, B5, B6, B12 with zinc helps the growth of affected nerve cells and early healing.

Complete recovery of the facial muscles after facial neuritis during timely treatment occurs in 65% of cases.

How to treat facial paresis? Read about other ways in this article.

In most cases, facial neuritis goes away completely within a few weeks or months. Sometimes after a disease, symptoms of long-term changes in taste, muscle cramps or eyelids, weakness of the facial muscles, or other complications of the disease may persist. Excessive drainage of the surface of the eye often leads to eye ulcers or infections.

If all functions of the facial nerve have not been lost, and the symptoms of the disease began to improve within 3 weeks, then most likely, most or all of the strength of the facial muscles will be restored.

How to treat trigeminal neuralgia?

Facial neuralgia is a pathological condition in which the patient has a weakening or paralysis of the facial muscles, against which there is a violation of facial functions. According to medical statistics, this ailment is most often diagnosed in middle-aged patients, as well as in senior citizens.

What it is?

With the progression of the disease, the trigeminal nerve becomes inflamed, which is why people experience more painful sensations. Initially, the pain focus is localized in the region of the skull, but it can move to the area of ​​the nose, mouth, any part of the face.

symptomatology

With the development of this ailment, patients have characteristic symptoms:

  1. A sudden and very intense pain syndrome occurs. Soreness spreads from the skull throughout the face.
  2. There is a contraction of the muscle tissue responsible for facial expressions on only one side of the face.
  3. Pain lesions can be localized in any one part of the face, for example, in the mouth, forehead, nose, etc.
  4. The frequency of seizures depends on the severity of the pathology. In some people, discomfort occurs every few weeks.
  5. There are changes in the face, for example, there is a skew.

It is worth noting that eating, prolonged conversation, hypothermia can provoke a painful attack.

Causes

The following factors can provoke a pathological condition:

  • previous stroke;
  • herpes;
  • various neoplasms, in particular cysts;
  • reduction of gaps in the bone canals;
  • hypothermia, drafts;
  • neuritis developed against the background of trauma;
  • syndromes: “Reichart”, “Tolosa-Hunt”, “Hunt”;
  • failures in the endocrine system;
  • expansion of arteries;
  • pathological changes in the glossopharyngeal nerve;
  • disorders of the nervous system, for example, hysteria, neurosis, depression.

This ailment develops against the background of compression of the root of the facial nerve by the cerebellar artery.

Physical pressure is carried out at the site of the passage of the brain stem, and provokes the destruction of the membranes of nerve fibers.

How to treat?

For each patient, specialists individually develop a scheme of drug therapy, since the age group of a person, the severity of the pathology, and the presence of concomitant ailments affect the choice of methodology.

As a rule, this category of patients are prescribed:

  • pain medication;
  • Aspirin tablets, or its analogues;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • antipsychotics;
  • vitamin and mineral complexes;
  • physiotherapeutic procedures;
  • it affects the lesion by heat or cold, rubbing the skin with alcohol.

Medication

When carrying out drug therapy for this disease, specialists use various drugs.

In particular, problems are solved by:

Treatment of facial neuralgia at home

On their own, people can conduct therapy at home, which was prescribed by their doctors.

But, before starting to use the “grandfathering” methods, patients should get advice from specialists, as they may have any contraindications.

Folk remedies

With home treatment for this ailment, herbal decoctions and infusions can be used.

Healing fluids should be taken both orally and used as solutions for compresses and lotions.

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Can I use painkillers?

This category of patients prescribes drugs that can stop pain. A feature of this ailment is constant pain, the intensity of which can be varied.

Some people who failed to cope with the pathology will have to drink pills throughout their lives to eliminate the pain syndrome.

Experts refer to this ailment as:

  • Fottergil syndrome;
  • neuritis;
  • neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve;
  • tic of the face (painful);
  • facial neurosis.

Postherpetic neuralgia

One of the most frequent complications arising against the background of severe severe shingles is postherpetic neuralgia.

It is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms:

  • sleep is disturbed;
  • operability is lost;
  • depression develops;
  • there is anxiety, anxiety, irritability and other nervous disorders;
  • pain in the lower back appears;
  • the quality of life is rapidly declining.

A pathological condition in a person can be observed for a year or several years.

To get rid of him, he will have to take various medications, in particular anticonvulsants.

Will massage help?

Massage is prescribed after the relief of acute manifestations of the disease, in the second week of therapy.

Thanks to the massage, it will be possible to improve local blood circulation, as well as bring muscle tissue into tone.

Complications

In 30% of the total number of patients, the functionality of facial muscle tissues is not fully restored, and such complications may also develop:

  • muscle contractures begin to form;
  • systematic spasm occurs;
  • involuntary twitching begins;
  • pain is constantly present.

Also, the disease will adversely affect the psychological and social aspects of the lives of patients. A disfigured person will cause mental suffering and depression.

Possible consequences

Of the total number of inhabitants of the planet, only a small percentage have encountered single outbreaks of facial neuralgia. There is also a category of people who experience pain from this ailment periodically.

In the event that patients do not undergo a timely course of drug therapy, then unpleasant symptoms, in particular soreness, will begin to build up quite quickly.

Some patients even quit work, cease to observe personal hygiene, and begin to eat improperly.

In medical practice, cases of suicide committed by patients with such a pathology were recorded.

But, if people undergo complex treatment in a timely manner, they will be able to completely defeat the ailment and return to their usual way of life.

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disease prevention

To prevent the development of this ailment, people at risk should promptly start the following prophylaxis:

  1. It is necessary to timely treat diseases of infectious etiology.
  2. Experts recommend hardening and fortifying several times a year.
  3. It is necessary to raise immunity.
  4. Stressful situations should be avoided.
  5. In the cold season, people should wear hats.
  6. Do not overcool and be in the drafts.
  7. In a timely manner, people should treat such pathologies as sinusitis, sinusitis, and diseases of the dental plan.

How to treat the ternary facial nerve at home

Most often, peripheral nerve diseases are accompanied by severe painful sensations: neuralgia, neuropathic pain, and sensitivity disorders. The facial nerve is an exception, since it is a motor nerve, and its damage is completely painless, unlike the damage to the trigeminal nerve.

Since movement disorder is called paralysis, and incomplete violation is called paresis, inflammation of the facial nerve is also called paresis. Inflammation of the nerves is neuritis, and a diagnosis of facial neuritis is also often used. All these terms mean the same condition, as well as the same symptoms. This disease must be treated urgently.

Facial nerve function

The task of the facial nerve is to give impulses to the facial muscles of the face. Like most other nerves, in a person they are located in pairs, there is a right and left facial nerves. It is on him that the entire manifestation of emotions depends, his bilateral defeat turns the face into a motionless mask. Many of the functions that we perform are disrupted, we don’t think: drinking water, whistling, squinting our eyes. In addition, the facial nerve, in some part, conducts taste from the front two-thirds of the tongue.

The interaction of the facial nerve with the surrounding pathways, if they are disturbed, can lead to symptoms such as dry eyes. Hyperacusia (excessive, painful disturbed perception of sound) may develop, therefore, similar manifestations have to be treated along the way.

Causes of facial neuritis

Anatomically, the nerve is located so that it passes through a narrow bony canal in the temporal bone.

It is because of the “bottleneck” in the depths that it is so difficult to treat neuritis locally, with the help of ointments, creams

In case of inflammation, edema develops, and in the bone canal, edema leads to compression of the nerve, or to its compression. Most often, this condition develops with a cold, walking in the winter without a hat, and being in the wind.
The cause of edema is most often an ordinary cold sore, or “cold on the lips,” which appeared inside the bony canal and affected the nerve. In this case, rashes will be noticeable in the external auditory canal. The fact is that the herpes virus “sleeps” precisely in the nervous system, and is activated with a decrease in immunity.

Symptoms of defeat

As a rule, everything is detected in the morning, after waking up.

Before the mirror it turns out that:

  • the face is asymmetric and skewed when trying to make any movement, because the muscles on the healthy half “pull the face towards themselves”, and the sick half is paralyzed, there are no folds (nasolabial, frontal);
  • on the side of the lesion, the eye is more widely open – these symptoms may not be very pronounced;
  • lower lip sagging, mouth ajar;
  • on the same half, the palpebral fissure is widened (the circular muscle of the eye has stopped working);
  • the lower lip is pulled down, opening his mouth;
  • the eyebrow does not rise on the side;
  • when squinting, the eye does not close. He “mows”, and this attribute is called lagophthalmos, or “hare eye”;
  • disturbed functions: when drinking, eating, liquid food spills out. The whistle is impossible;
  • since the muscles of the cheek do not take part in mixing the food, it gets stuck behind the cheek, which is often “bite”.

In addition to these basic signs, taste is disturbed, salivation and tears on the affected side are reduced, and sound is perceived as rude and unpleasant.

Treatment of neuritis at home

The sooner treatment is started, the more likely it is that the nerve will recover completely. If we hope that “everything will pass by itself”, then we can remain crooked until the end of our days. At the first signs, it is necessary to consult a doctor – a neurologist, so as not to lose time in lines at the therapist. In the event that a competent therapist meets, he will immediately prescribe treatment, and still send to a neurologist. If the therapist is illiterate, then you can go to the neurologist a week later, when the nerve is irreversibly damaged. Therefore, it is better to immediately contact a paid medical center, since the time factor is very important.

On the first day, specific antiviral treatment should be started, before any visit to a neurologist.

  • This measure is absolutely inevitable, leading to a decrease in edema and restoration of nervous trophism, and the termination of virus replication in the nervous tissue. For this, drugs such as Valtrex (Valaciclovir), Zovirax (Acyclovir) are used. Valtrex is more active, as it represents the next generation after acyclovir.
  • Be sure to prescribe the drug inside, and in the form of an ointment or cream, lubricate the external auditory canal, as well as deep in the ear, after a few days of taking, the symptoms of paresis are reduced. We remind you that it is mandatory to treat inflammation with antiviral drugs.

Thermal procedures are strictly prohibited: a bath, applying a heating pad, heating the ear with a blue lamp, and so on.

  • In the acute period of inflammation, edema exists, and heat increases blood flow to the edema area, while outflow is difficult. These manipulations can only worsen the condition, the nerve can die. If the nerve remains alive, the symptoms may progress.
  • It is possible to independently begin to treat yourself at home with the help of B vitamins, for example, Milgamma Compositum, a drug such as dibazole, which improves trophic nerve tissue, reducing the symptoms of neuritis.
  • It is possible to start taking diuretics on your own, which are mild: veroshpiron (spironolactone). By reducing the total amount of fluid in the body, it eliminates edema without loss of potassium and magnesium, and reduces inflammation. If you use furosemide (lasix), then you should not take more than 40 mg (1 tablet) in order to avoid the development of seizures of the calf muscles, due to the loss of potassium. In addition, it is necessary to take measures to replenish it: take panangin, aspark, dried fruit compote, or eat baked potatoes in their uniforms.

About folk remedies

Treatment of neuritis at home with folk remedies involves eliminating symptoms such as swelling and “metabolic therapy”, so treatment with mummy and propolis (ingestion) can be used. Local application of all kinds of irritating substances (grated horseradish, radish) is absolutely ineffective, because unlike, for example, sciatic nerve neuralgia, edema occurs deep in the bone tissue.

You also need to be very careful with warming up (applying flaxseed, a bag of hot salt). This can be done only a week later, after the start of restoration of nerve function, in order to avoid swelling and inflammation.

In conclusion, it should be said that

treatment with folk remedies at home can be used in parallel with the implementation of medical appointments.

Tightening bandages from the patch are used so that the muscles do not “loose” until they have a decreased tone, electrophoresis with thiamine and dibazole, massage, and treatment with physiotherapeutic drugs. Timely initiated treatment of facial neuritis allows in the vast majority of cases to completely restore the range of movements in the facial muscles. Usually the symptoms of the disease disappear within a month.

Neuritis of the facial nerve: treatment at home

Facial neuritis is an inflammation of the seventh pair of cranial nerves. When this disease occurs, the patient is no longer able to control the facial muscles and express their emotions with facial expressions. A person in this condition most often looks skewed. Since the bone channels through which the nerve passes are very narrow, even slight inflammation leads to its compression and the development of neuritis. In most cases, a unilateral lesion of the nerve occurs, although bilateral neuritis is possible, although it is still much less common. According to medical statistics, 25 people per 1000 population face this ailment. The disease affects men and women equally. The peak incidence occurs in cold weather. Most often, facial neuritis affects residents of the northern latitudes. This disease is usually treated in a hospital for 1 month. Therapy at home is possible only if the disease is not very pronounced and significant facial paralysis has not occurred. It takes up to six months to fully restore muscle function. Despite the fact that today medicine is very effective in coping with this disease, in 5% of patients, facial muscle mobility is not restored. In addition, in 10% of patients, the disease after treatment gives relapse. The severity of neuritis of the facial nerve and the rate of recovery directly depends on how timely therapy was started. To combat the disease, you can use not only medications, but also alternative drugs.

Causes of facial neuritis

Many factors can cause facial neuritis. It is for this reason that it refers to fairly common diseases of the nervous system. In order for this ailment to develop, one of the following provoking moments must be present:

  • herpes virus infection;
  • hypothermia (local exposure to cold is especially dangerous);
  • drinking alcohol for a long time and in large doses;
  • high blood pressure for a long time;
  • stroke;
  • period of pregnancy (at this moment the nerves can be affected due to rapid hormonal changes in the body of a woman);
  • tumor formation in the brain;
  • closed head injuries;
  • open head injuries;
  • ear injuries;
  • low-quality work of the dentist;
  • diabetes;
  • multiple sclerosis;
  • depression;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • severe chronic stress.

Regardless of what caused the disease, it requires immediate and competent treatment under the supervision of a doctor. Folk remedies can be used only by agreement with the attending physician and not as a medical treatment.

Symptoms of facial neuritis

The disease is always acute, therefore, if the symptoms increase gradually, you should look for another reason for its origin. The manifestations of neuritis of the facial nerve include:

  • pain behind the ear – the pain syndrome is strong enough and protruding into the back of the head, eyes and face;
  • face asymmetry – the patient has a skewed face on the affected side, and it begins to resemble a mask;
  • inability to close the eye on the affected side – the patient is not able to close his eyelids, and an eyeball is visible in the gap between them;
  • lowering of the corner of the mouth – the motor function of the jaw is preserved, but the mobility of the lips is impaired: it is impossible to completely close them, the corner of the mouth is lowered on one side, when eating liquid food, its leakage is observed;
  • lack of control of the muscles of the cheek – while eating, the patient regularly injures the cheek from the inside, biting it, in addition, there is a constant hit of food on the cheek;
  • constant dry mouth – this condition is associated with impaired functioning of the salivary glands;
  • slurred speech;
  • dry eyeball (in some patients, lacrimation may develop on the contrary);
  • violation of the perception of taste in one half of the tongue;
  • increased susceptibility to ear sounds from the affected side.

All these symptoms develop within one to two days. In the event that the development of the disease takes a longer time, we can say with confidence that we are not talking about neuritis of the facial nerve.

Complications of facial neuritis

If the patient postpones treatment, then there is a great risk that the disease will lead to serious consequences. In most cases, doctors diagnose the following complications of the disease:

  • atrophy of the muscles of the face from the side of the lesion – this process is irreversible and occurs about a year after the onset of the disease, and only timely treatment can prevent its development;
  • constriction of the facial muscles from the side of the lesion;
  • twitching of the facial muscles;
  • inflammation of the eye from the side of the lesion.

All the consequences of the disease are very unpleasant, and therefore it is important to immediately begin its treatment.

Folk remedies for the treatment of facial neuritis

Folk remedies for the treatment of this ailment have proven themselves as additional therapy that accelerates the healing process.

Prevention of neuritis of the facial nerve

Particularly important is prevention for those who have already suffered facial neuritis. In this case, it is aimed at preventing a relapse of the disease. As a preventative measure, doctors recommend the following:

  • prevention of hypothermia – a person should definitely dress according to the season and try to avoid drafts. With prolonged exposure to cold, it is advisable to cover the area of ​​the facial nerve with your hands;
  • timely and complete treatment of viral diseases;
  • reducing the likelihood of getting into a stressful situation;
  • annual visit to sea resorts;
  • proper nutrition – to maintain the health of nerve fibers, it is very important to get a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals;
  • scheduled hardening of the body;
  • nightly self-massage of the facial nerve region in the colder season using 3 drops of fir oil.

All these preventive measures are quite simple to implement and can prevent not only facial neuritis, but also many colds of the upper respiratory tract and trigeminal nerve. Only if a person with sufficient attention to his health, he can not be afraid of the development of this dangerous ailment.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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