Obvious deformation occurs at later stages of the development of the disease, but the clinical symptoms are felt by the patient almost immediately. An ointment from arthrosis of the knee joint primarily helps to cope with pain. It is also used for the following purposes:
- Increase the mobility of the joint;
- Stop the active inflammatory process;
- Remove discomfort in the affected joint.
A good ointment for knee joints with arthrosis should have a quick effect without damaging the skin over the joint. The pharmaceutical composition should be non-toxic, as this will allow its use for a long time. It is important that the drug creates a minimum number of negative reactions for the patient.
- Different types of ointments
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
- Ointments Chondroprotectors
- Warming and vasodilating
- Combined ointments
- How to smear knees with arthrosis
- List of the best ointments
- Heparin ointment
- The best ointments and gels for arthrosis of the knee joint
- The role of ointments in the treatment of gonarthrosis
- The best ointments, gels and creams
- Vasodilating and warming
- Combined ointments
- What ointments are prescribed for arthrosis of the knee joint?
- What are ointments for arthrosis used for?
- Types of Ointments
- Nonstero >
- Diclofenac Acre
- Fastum Gel
- Voltaren Emulsifier
- Warming ointment
- Ointments Chondroprotectors
- Arthro Asset
- Ointments for the knee
- The most effective ointments
- Vasodilator and warming agents
- Often used ointments, creams, gels and indications for their use.
- Ointments for arthrosis of the knee, hip, elbow and others, types and indications for use
- The role of ointments as a remedy for arthrosis
- Classification of ointments for the treatment of arthrosis
- Commonly used ointments and indications for their use
- Ointment for arthrosis of the knee
- The benefits of ointments
- Types of Ointments
- Indications for use
- Pharmacy drugs
Different types of ointments
The main disadvantage of preparations in the form of an ointment is a greasy base. The product is absorbed by the skin for a long time, therefore, it can stain clothing. You can avoid this problem using a cream that has similar properties. Creams are usually absorbed much faster. You can also apply some ointments under the bandage.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.
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Non-hormonal drug NSAIDs help to remove pain and relieve inflammation in the joints. Medicines do not treat, but relieve the uncomfortable symptoms of arthrosis of the knee joint.
The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory compounds for a long time is not recommended.
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Ointments for arthrosis of the knee in the form of chondroprotectors are rarely used to combat pain. Such drugs help stop the development of the inflammatory process.
The main task that chondroprotectors perform is to stimulate the production of chondroitin. This substance is involved in the regeneration and structure of cartilage. Chondroitin also neutralizes the activity of enzymes that contribute to the destruction of hyaluronic acid and collagen.
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Warming and vasodilating
Warming ointments for the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint are effective. Such preparations after application cause a sensation of heat in the treatment area, have a vasodilating effect.
Ointments improve blood flow, normalize bone and cartilage tissue nutrition. It is recommended to use such medicines in combination with other pharmaceutical formulations that will enhance their effect.
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Combination ointments for the knee with arthrosis are effective agents made on the basis of capsaicin and salicylic acid. The composition of such medicines also contains animal and plant extracts, including essential oils, bee and snake venoms, turpentine.
The combination of active ingredients contributes to the accelerated relief of uncomfortable signs of arthrosis of the knee joint, reducing the activity of foci of inflammation. Combined ointments for gonarthrosis provide vasodilation, normalize blood circulation, eliminate swelling, heat periarticular tissues, resume metabolic processes and microcirculation, relieve muscle cramps, reduce the intensity of the inflammatory process, and significantly reduce pain.
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Combined ointments combine the beneficial properties of two categories of drugs at once, which makes them universal medicines in the fight against inflammatory joint diseases.
How to smear knees with arthrosis
Apply all ointments, gels and creams in approximately the same way: take a small amount of the composition and rub into the affected area. All movements should be careful, soft and light. It is possible to massage the joint during application, but only a little, without strong pressure.
The dosage and duration of the therapeutic course is selected individually. If the product is packaged in tubes, about 1-2 cm is usually consumed per joint. If the dosage is calculated in grams, then at one time it is advised to use no more than 3-4 g. You can apply medicinal ointments 2-4 times a day.
List of the best ointments
There are many drugs for treatment, the doctor will help you choose the most effective ointment for arthrosis of the knee joint for each specific case. Many pharmaceutical formulations are interchangeable because they contain approximately the same active ingredients and have a similar effect.
The drug belongs to anti-inflammatory drugs, a group of nonsteroids. The composition contains the active substance diclofenac. The use of the drug for knee arthrosis is to apply the gel in a thin layer on the surface of the skin 3-4 times a day. With regular use of the composition, it will be possible to achieve:
- Decreased activity of the inflammatory process;
- Elimination of pain;
- Stopping swelling and redness;
- Moderate antirheumatic effect.
Adverse reactions rarely occur. You can not use Diclofenac during pregnancy, in the case of peptic ulcer, as well as allergies to its constituent components.
The medication belongs to the group of NSAIDs, has pronounced anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. The composition blocks the production of prostaglandins, which cause pain impulses and interfere with thermoregulation.
Ketorol fights well with pain, but does not have a therapeutic effect on the causes of arthrosis. Use it 3-4 times a day, applying to clean skin over the joints of the knee.
Ketorol is available in the pharmaceutical market in the form of an injectable formulation. Such a medication is injected into the joint for the purpose of pain relief. It is prescribed in extreme cases when you need to get an instant result.
Ortofen ointment contains diclofenac sodium in its composition. Thanks to this, the drug is capable of:
- Relieve pain and eliminate stiffness of the legs;
- Fight morning stiffness;
- Increase range of motion;
- Stop swelling and swelling of the knees.
As a result of prolonged use of Ortophen, protein metabolism in the cartilage tissue is triggered, and an anti-allergic effect on the body occurs. It is recommended to use the drug for 2 weeks, applying about 4 g of ointment 3 times a day to the area of the affected joint.
It is strictly forbidden to use Ortofen for children and pregnant women, as well as people suffering from asthma and erosive diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The combined drug, manufactured in India, is available in gel form. Contains nimesulide, menthol, capsaicin and methyl salicylate.
Nise refers to non-steroidal drugs, it is a strong analgesic, anti-inflammatory drug, it fights well with edema. It has a local irritating effect, increases local blood circulation. It is recommended for use by adult patients, it is forbidden to use against children.
Heparin ointment effectively fights swelling, infiltrates, has a vasodilator and anti-inflammatory effect. The drug is used to relieve pain. Apply 3-5 cm of the product, rub into the affected areas with light circular movements. Can be used under a blindfold.
You can also stop the inflammatory process with arthrosis of the knee joint with the help of ointments, prepared independently, according to folk recipes. But the most effective is traditional treatment. Ointments for arthrosis in a short time eliminate uncomfortable symptoms, which improves the overall well-being of the patient. You need to choose a medicine in consultation with your doctor.
The best ointments and gels for arthrosis of the knee joint
Inflammatory diseases of the joints require a systematic, integrated approach, combining the use of various groups of medicines, physiotherapy. One of the important components is funds for external use: they contribute to enhancing the overall therapeutic effect and eliminating negative symptoms. How to choose an ointment for arthrosis of the knee joint and what are the advantages and disadvantages of various drugs?
The role of ointments in the treatment of gonarthrosis
Arthrosis gels and ointments are not an independent treatment
In the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint, ointments are one of the components of complex therapy, which includes taking medications, physiotherapeutic procedures, and physiotherapy exercises. They are used as a local medicine for local reduction of inflammation, elimination of pain and stiffness, but they will not take the desired effect as an independent remedy.
Therapeutic gels and ointments for arthrosis have a number of positive effects:
- relieve pain and spasm;
- have a warming effect, normalizing blood circulation in the periarticular region;
- normalize joint nutrition;
- have an antibacterial effect;
- limit and reduce the inflammatory process;
- enhance the therapeutic effect of other drugs.
Almost all external preparations used for inflammation of the joints are identical in composition to oral preparations that are dispensed without a prescription; however, it is recommended to choose which ointment in a particular clinical case together with the attending physician. Some drugs are best used on large articular joints like the knee, ankle or hip, while others are designed to treat small joints, such as feet or hands. The type and intensity of pain also plays an important role in choosing a remedy.
The best ointments, gels and creams
The list of effective ointments includes many drugs
There is a list of effective ointments that are most often used for arthrosis of the knee joint:
- Ibuprofen. Effectively fights inflammation in large joints. In addition to arthrosis, the list of indications for use includes rheumatoid polyarthritis, tendonitis, bursitis, as well as damage to the ligaments of the knee and shoulder joints.
- Diclofenac. It is recommended for use in inflammation of small joints.
- Ketroprofen. The tool is used for closed joint injuries and deforming osteoarthrosis.
- Indomethacin. It is part of indomethacin ointment, successfully combats the inflammatory process, significantly reducing it. It is prescribed for arthrosis of large joints, as well as for osteochondrosis, gout, myositis and rheumatoid polyarthritis.
- Naproxen. A good pain medication that is used to relieve pain with exacerbations of inflammatory joint diseases.
- Nimesulide. A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is part of Nise, Nimulide and Nimesil. It is used for polyarthritis of various origins, gonarthrosis and polyarthritis of large joints.
The best ointments for arthrosis of the knee include homeopathic Dimexide, salicyl ointments – Bom-beng and Viprosal, gels containing capsaicin – Capsicam and Finalgon, as well as NSAIDs – Ketonal, Finalgel and Nise.
Anti-inflammatory non-steroidal ointments help to reduce the focus of inflammation and relieve pain. Most often, they are prescribed in the early stages of the disease or during exacerbations with short limited courses. NSAIDs, even in the form of topical preparations, have systemic side effects, and prolonged use of the ointment can provoke their occurrence.
The composition of anti-inflammatory ointments and gels includes the following funds:
Vasodilating and warming
Vasodilating and warming agents improve blood circulation in the areas around the affected joints, relieving muscle cramps and alleviating pain. They enhance the effect of other drugs, drugs, making them more effective. The composition of such funds includes natural biologically active components:
- bee venom;
- snake poison;
- eucalyptus and clove essential oils;
- pepper extract.
The most popular drugs from this group are Gevkamen, Voltaren, Espol, Menovazin, Niklofleks and Apizartron. They are prescribed for long-term treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint, but like anti-inflammatory ointments, they are used in short courses: ointments containing poisons with prolonged use negatively affect the ligaments of the fingers. Warming agents are applied once a day at night. At the same time, they should not be allowed to get into open wounds or on damaged skin.
Ointments chondroprotectors help relieve or alleviate negative symptoms with arthrosis of the knee joint. The topical form is the most optimal in terms of the frequency of occurrence of negative side effects: they develop much less often than after injection or oral administration. Ointments have an exclusively local effect, not absorbed into the blood. Therefore, they are well suited to people suffering from chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. However, precisely because of the lack of absorption, ointments are less effective than oral preparations or injections.
Among the chondroprotectors offered by the pharmaceutical market, the following are most popular:
Chondroprotectors for arthrosis of the knee joint help restore damaged tissue only in the initial stages of the disease. With advanced arthrosis, these drugs, especially in the form of ointments, can no longer stop degenerative processes. The only effective treatment in this case is endoprosthetics.
Chondroprotectors in the form of an ointment have a weaker effect than oral preparations
Combined ointments are effective agents based on salicylic acid and capsaicin. The composition of such ointments also includes many plant and animal extracts: turpentine, essential oils, snake and bee venoms. This combination of active substances contributes to the accelerated removal of unpleasant symptoms of arthrosis and the reduction of inflammatory foci. Combined agents act on the affected areas as follows:
- promote vasodilation, normalizing blood flow
- reduce swelling;
- warm the areas around the joints, restoring microcirculation and metabolic processes;
- eliminate muscle cramps;
- reduce the intensity of inflammation;
- eliminate or significantly reduce pain.
List of effective combination drugs:
- Bom Beng. The composition of the drug contains methylsalylacylate and menthol. These biologically active substances have a local irritating effect, normalizing blood circulation, stopping the inflammatory process, eliminating pain in the joints and adjacent tissues. It is recommended to use the drug for 1-2 weeks up to 3 times a day;
- Nikoflex. A combination drug used to treat inflammatory diseases that provoke pain, but without acute inflammation. Also used to treat closed injuries. 50 g of the preparation contains 4,5 g of hydroxyethyl salicylate, 7,5 mg of red pepper extract and 1 g of ethyl nicotinate, which has a resolving and locally irritating effect;
- Viprosal B. A preparation containing viper venom, camphor, turpentine and salicylic ac >
Home-made ointments cannot replace full-fledged therapy
In the complex treatment of arthrosis, you can include traditional medicine. They can not be compared in effectiveness with traditional drugs, but they can significantly reduce the negative symptoms, enhance the overall therapeutic effect and speed up the recovery process.
With arthrosis of the knee, it is best to use compresses that are easy to do at home:
- Spread fresh cabbage leaf with honey, lay it on the affected joint, cover with a polyethylene film, wrap it with a warm cloth and leave it overnight.
- Take white clay and dilute it in water to obtain a thick, sour cream-like substance. The mixture is applied to several times folded cheesecloth and applied to the affected area for an hour. The procedure is repeated daily for two weeks.
- Powdered egg shells are mixed with greasy. The gauze soaked with the mixture is applied to the diseased joint for 1-2 hours, fixing with a bandage.
- Apply fresh fern leaves to a sore spot, well fixing them with gauze.
- Mix homemade yogurt with chopped chalk. The substance is applied to gauze and pinned to the affected joint overnight.
- You need to mix aloe juice and honey and dilute the mixture with vodka or alcohol. A bandage soaked in a liquid is applied to the sore spot for an hour.
What ointments are prescribed for arthrosis of the knee joint?
Ointments for arthrosis of the knee joint are prescribed to all patients, without exception, they help to cope with all the symptoms of the pathology. Properly selected ointment will help not only slow down the lesion process, but also restore the structure of connective tissue.
What are ointments for arthrosis used for?
It is worth remembering that arthrosis of the knee joint is a degenerative – dystrophic disease that affects cartilage, is chronic. Therefore, everyone who has encountered this problem knows what knee pain is. Treatment usually occurs in a complex and an important role is played by ointments that fight against such symptoms:
- Pain syndrome. Most ointments can relieve this symptom, sometimes even faster than pills and injections.
- Swelling of the knees occurs due to circulatory disorders in the tissues. Ointments and gels normalize blood flow and help remove excess fluid.
- The inflammatory process is the main symptom that accompanies arthrosis, with which liquid and semi-liquid preparations for external use perfectly fight.
In addition, they are often used during the rehabilitation period for massages, as well as for the prevention of this unpleasant disease.
Important! Ointments alone for the treatment of arthrosis will not be enough, so you need to consult a doctor about surgery, injections or taking pills and physiotherapy.
Types of Ointments
Like all medications, ointments are divided as intended. They are used at a certain stage and for the treatment of individual symptoms. Most often, such funds are dispensed without a prescription, and they can be used without a doctor’s prescription, so patients who suffer from knee joint disease are recommended to store them in a home medicine cabinet, both for prevention and treatment.
Such drugs are used first after the diagnosis of the disease. Their ability to inhibit the synthesis of inflammatory substances greatly facilitates further therapy. Drugs reduce the production of the following substances:
- lysosomal enzymes;
They suspend the disease processes, which makes them the main drug in the fight against arthrosis.
The active components of this tool are as follows:
They fight pain and inflammation. This synthetic medicine is very safe and has a small list of side effects.
This tool based on indoleacetic acid will have an analgesic and decongestant effect. It inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandins, which suppresses the exudative phase, which means it will help to avoid the ingress of fluid into the knee cavity.
The active substance of this ointment, diclofenac sodium, a derivative of phenylacetic acid, reduces the number of enzymes in the focus of inflammation and has a local anesthetic effect. It is actively used for arthrosis of varying degrees to combat pain and hypothermia.
Ketoprofen ointment, thanks to a light gel base, penetrates deep into the tissue and acts directly on the focus of inflammation. It has a cooling property, gently reduces hypothermia and removes redness.
It stops the energy supply of inflammatory processes and reduces their intensity. Improves blood microcirculation and restores tissue nutrition, which leads to the regeneration of cartilage with arthrosis.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that effectively suppresses enzymes, which leads to a decrease in pain. It has a long period of action, about 12 hours. Therefore, it can be used only 2 times a day.
In addition to the fact that this ointment has analgesic and antipyretic properties, it reduces the likelihood of blood clots. It dilutes the blood and improves its movement, which greatly speeds up the recovery process.
The price of NSAIDs varies from budget to very expensive, but basically the properties of the drugs do not change. Therefore, when choosing an effective anti-inflammatory drug, you do not have to pay more.
Important! Each drug has contraindications and side effects. It is necessary to carefully study the instructions before use.
Vasodilators stimulate blood circulation in the affected joint. They perfectly warm the knee, which helps relieve pain and fatigue. But you should be careful with such drugs. They have a large number of contraindications and if applied incorrectly, they can leave burns. Here’s what you need to know before using them:
- Do not use warming ointments if there are wounds, damage or rashes on the skin.
- You can not use them with inflammatory exacerbations of arthrosis. This can make the situation worse.
- To apply is a small amount of funds. With severe discomfort or if the area of the skin on which the drug was applied is unbearably burning, it is better to wash it off.
- You need a doctor’s consultation if there are other inflammatory processes or skin diseases in the body.
The main active components of such drugs are usually substances of natural origin:
- poisons of snakes and bees;
- Red pepper;
- camphor and others.
The most effective warming agents:
For a vasodilating effect, it is not necessary to buy an ointment. You can find cheap counterparts that also perfectly warm and relieve pain. Such pharmacy drugs can be used for chronic arthrosis:
- turpentine ointment;
- camphor alcohol;
- eucalyptus balm;
- balm Asterisk.
For the best effect, it is recommended to apply such funds at night and apply a bandage.
Such funds are used after the first signs of arthrosis have been stopped. Ointments of this group rarely fight pain, but are still able to stop inflammatory processes. Their main task is to stimulate the synthesis of chondroitin, which is involved in the structure and regeneration of cartilage tissue. They also neutralize the action of enzymes that contribute to the destruction of collagen and hyalouranic acid.
It helps to reduce degenerative processes and stimulates the production of intraarticular fluid, which plays an important role in the restoration of cartilage and the functioning of the joint as a whole.
Restores the cartilaginous surfaces of joints and increases the activity of chondrocytes in the connective tissue.
Significantly slows down the development of arthrosis, helps to restore the articular bag and stimulates biosynthesis, which affects the metabolism in cartilage.
Do not forget about the existence of homeopathic ointments:
They will contribute to the restoration of tissue, while virtually no side effects and contraindications. But it is worth remembering that treatment only with homeopathy will not be effective.
Arthrosis is a very unpleasant disease, and ointments are one of the main types of treatment. Do not forget about physiotherapy and taking pills, otherwise the situation will require surgical intervention.
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Arthrosis is one of the diseases that must be treated over a long period of time. What means and methods can be used in this case depends on the degree of damage to the joint disease and the characteristics of the patient’s body. But always in the complex therapy there are various ointments for the treatment of arthrosis.
The role of local effects on the affected area cannot be overestimated. Ointments for arthrosis of the knee joint help reduce inflammation, relieve pain. In addition, they increase the effectiveness of other methods of treatment, which can also be used in combination with creams.
Ointments for the knee
The knee joints are usually quite heavily loaded, so the disease is often localized here. In pharmacological products, there is a huge number of ointments for arthrosis for the effect on the knee joint.
The advantages of such drugs:
- Relieve swelling.
- Affect not only the joint, but also on the muscles surrounding it.
- Destroy pathogens on the surface of the skin.
- They warm the knee.
- Improve blood circulation, as a result of which tissues receive more nutrients and recover faster.
- Anesthetizing ointments with arthrosis significantly suppress pain, which makes it possible to move more freely during the day and sleep better at night.
The disadvantage is that they are able to act on the joint only from the outside. Their influence on the internal inflammatory process is indirect. Therefore, local drugs for the treatment of arthrosis are prescribed only in combination with other therapy, especially if the patient has a severe form of the disease.
The most effective ointments
Ointments for arthrosis of the knee joint are used in treatment very widely, so now there are a lot of varieties. It is simply impossible to try everything. Therefore, every person who has encountered this disease is trying to find out what should be the best ointment for arthrosis, as they say.
It is difficult to name one name. Among the pain relievers for the treatment of arthrosis, Diclofenac (containing a non-stero />
Vasodilator and warming agents
Many ointments from arthritis and arthrosis have a vasodilating and warming effect. They usually contain substances that irritate skin receptors. This leads to increased blood circulation, which is very important for arthrosis of the knee joint. Some ingredients are able to penetrate the skin and act on the walls of blood vessels, relaxing them.
Here are a few examples:
- Apizatran. The main active ingredient is bee venom. Which greatly increases the permeability of the capillary shells. Small vessels expand, blood circulation improves, other therapeutic ointments are absorbed faster.
- Espol. The active substance is red pepper extract. This plant is very burning, so even in small doses it irritates the skin receptors and strengthens its blood supply. When applied to the knee, this effect is on the entire joint.
- Gevkamen – menthol and essential oils (cloves, eucalyptus, camphor) are included in the composition. The effect is softer than the previous remedy. After applying the ointment, a feeling of pleasant warmth caused by the expansion of blood vessels gradually appears and intensifies.
Such drugs are very effective in combating the symptoms of the disease, including pain with arthrosis of the knee joint. They go well with anti-inflammatory ointments, which are easier to get into the bloodstream and penetrate the joint if the vessels are dilated.
Often used ointments, creams, gels and indications for their use.
For local effects on the knee joint affected by arthrosis, many varieties of agents for external use are used. These are all kinds of ointments, gels, creams. It is worth learning more about the most popular of them:
- Virapin The basis is bee venom.
- Voltaren – based on snake venom.
- Dolobene. The active substance is dimethyl sulfoxide. Indication for use is a pronounced inflammatory process.
The first two ointments from arthrosis act very strongly on blood vessels, so their effect is quickly noticeable. But they can not be used for a long time to avoid the toxic effect of poisons on the body. Anesthetizing ointments for arthritis, like Dolobene, should be used strictly according to the instructions.
- Arthropant. It is made on an extract from deer antlers with the addition of substances that increase its biological activity. Experts note its effectiveness in several areas: analgesia, stimulation of recovery processes, anti-inflammatory effect. There are a lot of positive reviews about this cream. The advantages also include the fact that he has practically no contraindications.
- Niklofeks. The basis is chemically active substances such as capsacin, salicylate and ethyl nicotinate. It affects the permeability of blood vessels, but not as much as ointments based on poisons. It is used if necessary to strengthen the blood supply to the joint.
- It’s long. Consists of ibuprofen and excipients. It is indicated for swelling of the joint, soreness, morning stiffness.
- Ketonal. Contain Ketoprofen. Assign with severe pain.
- Nise. It is made on nimesul >Traditional medicine offers a huge number of recipes, according to which you can prepare a therapeutic ointment even at home. Below are a few examples that are used often enough to treat a knee.
With a diagnosis of arthrosis, ointments for the treatment of the disease can be made according to such recipes:
- Against inflammation. Take 10 g of St. John’s wort, hops and sweet clover, add 50 g of petroleum jelly, mix. It is necessary to rub into a sore joint.
- Therapeutic warming mixture. Mix 100 g of mustard, powdered, 200 g of ordinary salt and paraffin, insist 10-12 hours. Apply at night.
- Comfrey based anti-inflammatory arthrosis cream. It consists of leaves (a glass) and roots (2 glasses) of this plant, olive oil and honey (a glass).
- Treatment cream based on a golden mustache. The juice or gruel from the plant is mixed with petroleum jelly, animal fat or baby cream in the same ratio.
A variety of creams and ointments for arthrosis can prevent you from quickly choosing the most suitable remedy for treatment. Therefore, you can not try to do it yourself. If you suspect arthrosis, consult a highly qualified doctor. Only he, based on the results of the examination and his vast experience, will be able to choose an effective ointment for arthritis, which will definitely help, and not harm.
Ointments for arthrosis of the knee, hip, elbow and others, types and indications for use
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint, or gonarthrosis, is a degenerative disease of the cartilaginous joint tissues, leading to the destruction of cartilage, the loss of its elasticity and impaired joint function. Pathology has a complex of causes and can affect not only the knee joint, but also other joints of the limbs, including small joints of the fingers and toes.
The role of ointments as a remedy for arthrosis
A complex of measures is used in the treatment of arthrosis – courses of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, chondroprotectors for the restoration of cartilage joints, physiotherapy exercises, physiotherapeutic methods, and also local agents are important. Ointments for arthrosis of the knee joint are a popular means of relieving pain and inflammation.
Alone in the treatment of knee arthrosis, like other joints, ointments are not prescribed, they are mainly used as a local and affordable means to relieve pain and relieve symptoms at home.
- Relieving pain and cramping.
- Reduction of inflammation.
- A warming effect that stimulates blood flow in the tissues of the periarticular region.
- By improving blood circulation, the nutrition of joint tissues is stimulated.
- Antibacterial action.
- Increase the therapeutic effect of other drugs.
Before starting the use of ointments, several aspects must be considered:
most of them are made on the basis of OTC drugs, however, it is recommended that you consult a doctor before using – for aching and acute pain in the knee joint, different drugs can be used. It is also worth cons >
- penetration and availability of the active substance is improved if the drug is used in conjunction with electrophoresis;
- this type of external agent is not recommended for arthrosis, if the patient has a history of gastrointestinal ulcer, liver and k >
Classification of ointments for the treatment of arthrosis
These funds are divided into the following main groups.
Anti-inflammatory with analgesic effect is an ointment with the presence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – ibuprofen, diclofenac, indomethacin, ketoprofen, nimesulide, naproxen and other similar compounds. Among the famous representatives of ointments are Diclofenac, Dolgit, Fastum gel, Nise gel, Ketonal gel, Dolobene.
Treatment of arthrosis with this group is prescribed in a limited course under the supervision of a doctor to avoid side effects caused by NSAIDs. They help during periods of exacerbation and at the onset of the disease.
Vasodilating and warming
Vasodilating and warming ointments contain biologically active substances: snake venom and bee venom, pepper extract, essential oils of cloves and eucalyptus, camphor, menthol. Among the widely known means of this group are Voltaren, Espol, Apizartron, Gevkamen. The principle of action is based on the stimulation of blood flow in the tissues of the affected joint, which reduces cramping and pain. Also, their use improves trophism of cartilage of joints and soft tissues, enhances the effect of other drugs.
Given the composition, these ointments for arthrosis should be used, remembering some points:
- They can not be rubbed in the presence of damage to the skin.
- It is also contraindicated for use in allergies to the components of the drug.
- Ointments with poisons are not used for a long time, since a negative effect on the ligaments of the fingers and toes is likely.
- Warming ointments are applied at night.
Even “neglected” joint problems can be cured at home! Just remember to smear it once a day.
This group is prescribed for a long course of arthrosis.
Separately, ointments with the presence of chondroprotectors, substances that regenerate cartilage of the joint, are noted. The list of chondroprotectors is quite extensive, but currently the following drugs are most often used:
Commonly used ointments and indications for their use
Names of ointments and indications for their use:
Diclofenac and analogues – Voltaren, Ortofen and others. Relieves inflammation. It is optimal for arthrosis, rheumato >
- Ibuprofen. It is prescribed for the same indications as indomethacin, also the drug has proven itself in the local treatment of sprains, dislocations, ruptures of the ligaments of the knee and shoulder joints, bursitis, tendonitis, and shoulder-shoulder polyatritis. Ibuprofen and indomethacin ointments are used with caution in case of hypersensitivity of the skin, diagnosed with eczema, canceling the use in case of peeling and rash;
- Nimesulide is another NSAID that is included in Nise, Nimulide, Nimesil, etc. Indications include knee gonarthrosis, arthrosis of the hip, shoulder and other joints, polyarthritis of various etiologies.
The following drugs are directly effective in the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint:
Chondroprotectors are also used in the treatment of gonarthrosis of the knee joint – agents that promote the regeneration of cartilage tissue, prescribed only by a doctor. It can be both drugs for internal use, and Chondroxide ointment.
Inflammation and pain with arthrosis of the knee joint can also be removed using gels and ointments based on alternative recipes, such as:
- Propolis ointment – propolis, linseed oil and turpentine are mixed in a ratio of 4: 1: 1. The mass is applied to the joint twice a day, warmed up. The ointment is stored in a cool place;
- ointment with bee venom and wax – propolis, wax, horseradish roots and bee venom are crushed and mixed in a ratio of 10: 3: 2: 0,5 to a mushy state, after which the mixture is applied to the affected area twice a day;
- herbal ointment – grind 10 g of St. John’s wort, sweet clover and hops, mix with 50 g of pharmaceutical vaseline, insist in a glass container for 2 hours. With a mixture, rub the joints twice a day;
- Ural ointment – 100 g of mustard powder is mixed with paraffin and 200 g of table salt in a glass bowl, until a paste, insist under the lid for 12 hours. It is applied at night, washed off in the morning with warm water. It is stored in a dark place;
- a compress with Vishnevsky ointment – a well-known remedy that is also used to treat the symptoms of arthrosis – is applied to a sore knee and covered with a cloth moistened with vodka, alcohol or a pharmaceutical lead lotion, the knee is wrapped with a bandage and left for 2-3 days. Vishnevsky ointment relieves pain. You can use such a compress in the treatment of not only the knees, but also the shoulder, hip, elbow and other joints.
Ointments for gonarthrosis of the knee joint and lesions of the remaining large joints of the musculoskeletal system, as well as pathologies of the small joints of the fingers and toes, are an additional therapy that relieves joint pain, swelling and other inflammatory phenomena. It is ineffective to use them in isolation, and before use it is necessary to consult an orthopedic surgeon.
Ointment for arthrosis of the knee
Osteoarthritis of the knee affects not only the elderly, but also the young. This is a very common disease, which is accompanied by pain, limited mobility of the joint, significantly worsens the quality of life and without treatment can cause disability. Unfortunately, pathological changes cannot be completely cured, but joint destruction can be slowed down. The use of various ointments is widespread, the benefit is a great choice and everyone can find an effective remedy.
The benefits of ointments
Despite the fact that ointments can be bought in pharmacies without a doctor’s prescription, their use must always be agreed with a specialist. In order for the doctor to choose the optimal composition, it is necessary to undergo a thorough diagnosis.
Arthrosis is a rather diverse disease, and there are a number of nuances in the treatment of each individual case. It is necessary to select the ointment in accordance with the stage of the pathology, take into account the nature and cause of the disease, the severity of the pain syndrome and much more.
Important! The duration of use and the frequency of use of a particular drug should be selected only by a doctor.
Properly selected ointment has the following effects:
- relief of pain;
- reduction of the inflammatory process;
- antiseptic effect;
- increasing the effectiveness of other medical procedures;
- elimination of puffiness and redness;
- relief of muscle hypertonicity;
- activation of metabolic processes in tissues;
- slowing down the destruction of cartilage;
- warming effect;
- Improving blood circulation in the joint, which ensures nutrition and oxygen supply to the joint cells.
Finalgon has an analgesic effect. It has the effect of vasodilatation.
Important! Ointments have a local effect, which is their significant disadvantage compared to systemic drugs.
But at the same time, there are pluses to using local funds:
- penetration directly into the affected area;
- minimum number of side effects and contraindications;
- no harmful effects on internal organs;
- ambulance for severe pain;
- availability in pharmacies;
- ease of application.
Types of Ointments
There is no universal ointment that is used for arthrosis of the knee joint. The choice depends on the stage of the disease and the clinical picture.
The following types of ointments:
- Anti-inflammatory – relieve the intensity of the inflammatory process, which is very important in the acute period of arthrosis, relieve pain, eliminate swelling, redness, fever. This group of drugs includes Ortofen, Diclofenac, Indomethacin, Dolobene, Nise, Ketorol.
- Warming – these ointments improve the cellular nutrition of cartilage by normalizing blood circulation, stimulate blood flow in tissues, relieve spasms and pain, and play the role of a distracting agent. These include Apizartron, Viprosal, Gevkamen, Espol.
- Chondroprotectors – restore damaged cartilage structures, trigger regenerative processes in the joint. This group of ointments includes Chondroitin, Arthro-Active, Teraflex, Kondronova, Shark fat and others.
- Combined funds – dilate blood vessels and normalize blood flow, relieve swelling and muscle cramps, reduce inflammation and pain. For example, Bom-beng, Nikofleks, Apizartron.
The composition of ointments also varies, in pharmacies you can purchase funds based on:
- Non-hormonal anti-inflammatory components – Nimulide, Dolgit, Fastum, Ketonal.
- Salicylic acid and its derivatives – Camphart, Efcamon, Doloxen Fast,
- Capsicum alkaloid – Capsin, Espol.
- Glucosamine and chondroitin – Chondrolone, Chondroxide, Teraflex.
- Natural plant, mineral or animal components – Alflutop, Traumeel-S, Ungapiven, Viprosal V.
Indications for use
Ointments for arthrosis of the knee joint are prescribed for the following symptoms:
- decrease in motor activity;
- swelling of the joint;
- increase in local and general temperature;
- crunch in the joint during movement;
- joint inflammation;
- joint deformation.
Inflammatory process in the knee joint. The use of ointments to relieve the inflammatory process is recommended.
Particular attention is required to the selection of ointments during pregnancy. Most anti-inflammatory drugs are contraindicated for expectant mothers, even with external use they can harm the health and development of the fetus.
Do not just be suitable for ointments and people prone to allergic reactions. It is necessary to know for sure that the components of a particular remedy do not exactly provoke a negative reaction of the body.
Ointments with anti-inflammatory action, which are used for arthrosis, are the most numerous category. At the core there is a non-steroidal component that suppresses local inflammation and has an analgesic effect:
- Bom-beng – a combined ointment based on derivatives of salicylic acid – menthol and methyl salicylate. This product is used twice a day for no more than 10 days. Since methyl salicylate is absorbed into the bloodstream and can have some systemic effect, patients with erosive and ulcerative pathologies in the stomach should avoid this ointment.
- Long – its active ingredient is ibuprofen. It is applied twice a day for 10 days.
- Final gel is an active substance in piroxicam. Used twice a day.
Anti-inflammatory drugs relieve inflammation and pain, but they cannot repair a damaged joint. Therefore, with arthrosis, regenerative ointments are also prescribed that have a chondroprotective effect:
- Chondroxide – based on the natural component of chondroitin sulfate. It has a moderate anti-inflammatory effect, but well restores cartilage tissue. It is recommended to apply the drug three times a day, the course of therapy is long – up to several months.
- Kondronova – the composition includes two active components – chondroitin and glucosamine. Used twice a day for 2 weeks
- Chondrogluxide is an analogue of the previous ointment, but comes in the form of a gel that penetrates better into deeper tissues. Used 2 times a day, the course of treatment – up to a month.
REFERENCE. All chondroprotective ointments are non-toxic and can be used without age restrictions, nor are they contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation.
Warming drugs do not have a therapeutic effect, they only irritate the nerve endings and thereby distract the patient from pain. These ointments act only locally, and are not absorbed into the general bloodstream:
- Capsicam is the basis of the drug turpentine oil and camphor. Apply twice a day. As soon as the pain syndrome is stopped by another drug or method, the use of Capsicam can be discontinued.
- Finalgon – contains nonivamide and nicoboxyl. The drug has a distracting and vasodilating effect. It is applied three times a day.
- Efcamon is a herbal preparation, but methyl salicylate, which has an analgesic effect, is additionally included in the composition. Used three times a day.
The ointments based on bee venom also have an irritating effect. However, these agents often cause an allergic reaction, so using them, you must be sure of the absence of individual intolerance to their components:
As for homemade ointments, there are a lot of recipes, but the advantages of pharmaceutical preparations are as follows:
- Pharmacy ointments can be bought ready-made, and not waste time searching and mixing the ingredients yourself. In addition, some homemade ointments should be infused for a while, and pharmacy can be used immediately.
- The effectiveness of the finished products is confirmed by clinical trials, and the “grandmother” recipes, although tested over the years, have not been tested in laboratories.
- As for the price, home-made products are not always much cheaper than pharmacy.
It is difficult to improve the condition of a patient with arthritis of the knee joint only with the help of ointments.
Arthritis is a disease that needs an integrated approach to therapy, which implies a revision of lifestyle, proper nutrition, the use of medications and physiotherapeutic techniques. The effectiveness of ointments is high only at stages 1 and 2 of the development of pathology, in the future they are used more as an ambulance to relieve acute pain. Stage 3 and 4 of arthrosis are not treated locally.
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