Arthrosis of the shoulder joint gymnastics video

Arthrosis of the shoulder joint is a degenerative-dystrophic disease with damage to the articular surface of the humerus, collarbone, scapula and surrounding neurovascular bundle. The gradual destruction of the articular surfaces leads to a loss of functionality and the formation of contractures. The development of pathology, possibly at any age.

Description of pathology

Brachial arthrosis has a tendency to develop in certain population groups:

  1. Professional athletes. Increased load occurs during gymnastics, tennis and throwing.
  2. Age-related changes in the joints. In people older than 45 years, the growth of the cartilaginous surfaces of the joint and a decrease in the joint gap begin.
  3. Genetic predisposition. A defect in the DNA gene responsible for the formation and development of cartilage.
  4. Chronic or inflammatory diseases of the bones and joints.

Most often, pathology develops in certain populations

The development of the pathological process leads to a loss of elasticity of the cartilage surfaces. The capsule and synovial membrane thickens in response to constant irritation. The longer the disease is left untreated, the more degeneration of the cartilage elastic structures into fibrous tissue occurs. The volume of active and passive movements in the shoulder is reduced. The neurovascular bundle is also involved in the process. This is the cause of numbness and pain in the limb.

The benefits of exercise therapy

Exercise therapy for arthrosis is the final stage of an integrated approach to the problem of arthritis. Gymnastic events bring undeniable benefits:

  • restoration of metabolic processes in tissues;
  • prevents the appearance of complications;
  • strengthens the musculo-ligamentous component of the joint;
  • reduces pain;
  • returns the entire volume of active and passive movements.

Exercise therapy for arthrosis is able to relieve pain

When deciding on a set of procedures, several rules must be considered:

  1. Start with light exercises and add stress if necessary.
  2. Avoid intense pain during exercise.
  3. Observe the regularity of training.
  4. Monitor the quality and complete implementation of the task.
  5. The specific set of necessary exercises is individually selected by the doctor.

Physical exercises in exercise therapy are divided into three groups: gymnastic, general strengthening, special. The first group acts on the muscular-articular apparatus. The second group strengthens the general condition of the body. The third group is selected taking into account the clinical picture, laboratory and instrumental studies.

Indications and contraindications for therapeutic exercises

Indications for the appointment of this treatment option:

  1. Persistent remission. Arthritis pain is characterized as acute, paroxysmal, and increasing with physical exertion. This reason is to abstain from exercise in the acute phase of the disease.
  2. With somatic well-being, that is, in the absence of concomitant diseases.

Some contraindications for performing exercises:

  • acute phase;
  • 3-4th stage of the disease;
  • hypertonic disease;
  • osteoporosis;
  • inflammatory diseases of bones and joints;
  • mental disorders.

Gymnastics with shoulder arthrosis can be done at home. But there are several main points that you should pay attention to before starting physical therapy:

  1. Exercise for arthrosis of the shoulder joint at home should be done only with a second course of treatment. In this case, the first detected diseases and physical exercises for them are carried out in a medical institution.
  2. It is forb >Therapeutic gymnastics can also be carried out at home.

Classical exercise therapy options are practically useless for this population group. For children, physical education should be carried out exclusively in a playful way. The effectiveness of treatment will be directly related to compliance with some rules:

  • interest of the child;
  • the use of toys, pictures;
  • emphasis on restorative rather than specialized therapy;
  • carry out only in the presence of a specialist;
  • carrying out exercises in the pool is allowed.
Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Massage

Along with exercise therapy, therapeutic massage helps to restore tone and strengthen muscle tissue. For arthritis, one of two massage techniques is more often performed: classic or acupressure. Techniques used by a massage therapist:

  • point pressure with the fingertips on the shoulder joint and collar zone;
  • grinding and kneading;
  • tapping;
  • zigzag and ring impressions.

Session duration 1 hour. The course of treatment is 2 weeks.

Physiotherapy

At the moment, there are a huge number of training videos with gymnastic exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joint. Together with a specialist, the patient can pick up a set of elements from these videos to perform at home.

Exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joints are carried out while standing, sitting or lying down. Some possible gymnastic elements for the shoulder:

    Most of the exercises are performed with the feet shoulder-w >

A set of exercises for shoulder arthrosis

All exercises for shoulder arthrosis can be divided:

When a lesion in the shoulder-shoulder area is often prescribed, a set of exercises according to the Popov method. It includes:

  1. In a sitting position, emit walking, that is, make movements as a step. Do not take your hands off your hips, but move them along.
  2. Continue the “walking” movements of the lower extremities and add circular movements of the upper extremities 5 times in each direction.
  3. Standing trying to reach the upper limbs to the opposite lower.
  4. Standing with your back to the wall, to carry away the movement of the diseased limb from the body and return to its original position.
  5. In any position convenient for the patient, the shoulder girdle is lifted upward. In this position for 2-3 seconds.
  6. Lying on the back of the patient raises his arms above his head and stretches up.

Lesson time is about an hour. After each exercise, you need to take a break of 30 seconds.

Any movements should be combined with elements of respiratory gymnastics. Highlights on execution:

  • while breathing in the exercise; while exhaling, the starting position;
  • when breathing, the chest and abdominal walls are involved;
  • the correct breath begins with the raising of the clavicles, then the chest and then the abdomen;
  • exhale is the opposite of inspiration with the inclusion of all structures in the work.

The most effective exercise

Exercise therapy for arthrosis of the shoulder joint can slow the progression of the disease. Therapeutic exercises for arthrosis most often include:

  1. Shoulder exercises with a towel. Take a piece of cloth with two hands at a distance of 20 cm from each other. Raise the limbs above your head and bring them behind your back as far as possible. Lock for a few seconds. Lower your arms back to their original position. The number of movements is 5–7.
  2. The next exercise is called the pendulum. We rest our healthy hand against the wall and tilt the case down. The diseased limb hangs freely. We begin to do pendulum exercises increasing the amplitude of movements. The number of movements 5.
  3. Starting position is sitting. Put your elbows on the table (distance 20 cm) and clasp your hands in the lock. The exercise is performed as armwrestling. With a healthy hand it is necessary to resist, and the patient try to touch the table.
  4. Slopes with support. To perform it is necessary to stand in front of a chair or table at a distance of 50 cm. Feet shoulder w >

Exercise therapy to eliminate pain in arthrosis

Exercise therapy allows you to remove the main symptom of the disease, since it slows down the degeneration of cartilage into fibrous tissue. In this case, the affected areas of the cartilage begin to recover due to the improvement of local and metabolism in the soft tissues.

Continuous exercise therapy gives a stable remission.

Bubnovsky gymnastics

Another set of exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joint there are exercises Bubnovsky.

Gymnastics with brachial arthrosis begins with the following preparation:

  • Perform under the supervision of a rehabilitologist.
  • Begin by warming up the muscles. For this, any easy exercises are suitable at will.
  • At the discretion of a specialist, the length of the training can be changed. As a rule, each session is increased by 5-10 minutes.
  • Mandatory compliance with the technique of breathing exercises to enhance the effectiveness of exercises.

The complex of exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joint is the following set of elements:

  1. hands moving up and down;
  2. scissor type exercises;
  3. breeding hands and circular hand swings;
  4. squeeze and unclench hands.
  1. lying on your back raise your hands up and slowly lower;
  2. to put your hands in the torso to the sides;
  3. place palms under the nape and slowly bring the elbow joints in front of the face.

Physiotherapy exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joint

Keeping of

Various joint diseases are now increasingly common. This is due to lifestyle, malnutrition, ecology, sometimes heredity. One of the common pathologies is arthrosis of the shoulder joint. It is observed in people older than 55 years, by 70 years the number of patients reaches 70%. Men are more likely to suffer from arthrosis, since one of the causes of occurrence is considered to be heavy physical labor.

The essence of the problem

The shoulder is a complex element that provides movement in almost all planes. It is because of its mobility that the shoulder joints are highly susceptible to damage and rapid wear.

Dystrophic and degenerative processes in cartilage and bone surfaces without pronounced inflammatory signs are called arthrosis. The disease is chronic progressive in nature and is accompanied by increasing pain. Without timely measures, a person runs the risk of becoming disabled.

Causes of

Cartilage nutrition impairment is a major cause of arthrosis. It is due to the following factors:

  • injuries – at risk are athletes, people dealing with heavy loads, the elderly;
  • physical activity – efforts in which the shoulder joint is directly involved, provoke sprain and muscle strain, the joint works in a mode of deficiency of necessary substances and gradually becomes thinner;
  • infectious diseases;
  • vascular diseases – cardiovascular, varicose veins cause a slowdown in blood flow;
  • genetic predisposition – a high probability of manifestation of pathology in those whose parents and immediate relatives have arthrosis. This is due to the inheritance of articular tissue weakness and structural features of the skeleton;
  • age-related changes – with age, the likelihood of finding all kinds of diseases increases significantly, the metabolism worsens, the hormonal background changes. All this is exacerbated by inactivity, and as a result leads to irreversible changes in the joint-forming surfaces;
  • birth defects – dysplasia, insufficiency of the ligamentous apparatus limit the functionality of the shoulder, which is why muscle dystrophy begins to progress, disrupting the normal conductivity of the surrounding tissues and reducing the nutrition of the joint itself;
  • overweight – may be the result of metabolic disorders or malnutrition, but, nevertheless, leads to endocrine problems and cartilage depletion;
  • concomitant diseases – rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, psoriasis, gout;
  • a change in the hormonal background – observed in women during menopause and entails metabolic disorders, and even during this period, due to a sharp decrease in estrogen levels, calcium is washed out of the bones, making them fragile.

Symptoms of the disease

Pathology develops slowly, and its onset is almost asymptomatic. Implicit pains, a passing feeling of discomfort – all this is attributed to the weather, an uncomfortable posture, and much more.

Strong painful sensations can express themselves sharply and suddenly – this behavior is due to the fact that the cartilage lacks nerves and blood vessels, and pain appears when changes affect the periarticular tissues.

Signs of arthrosis of the shoulder joint:

  • pain in the shoulder area, aggravated by movement;
  • crunching and clicking, which indicate salt deposits forming osteophytes at the joints;
  • restriction of motor function, increasing with each subsequent stage of the disease.

Stages of arthrosis

The stages of the pathology of the shoulder joint vary depending on the degree of damage to the cartilage and bone tissue, as well as the overall clinical picture. Classification allows the doctor to prescribe the correct set of measures, which should show a positive result.

  1. At the initial stage, morphological tissues of the joint undergo minor transformations. Pain usually appears after lifting weights, significant physical exertion, monotonous shoulder movements. Cartilage is gradually losing flexibility and elasticity. After sleep, numbness is observed. If you already consult a specialist at the first symptoms, it is quite possible to get by with a light treatment of the shoulder joint and treatment with gymnastics.
  2. Signs that occur initially are more pronounced. Cartilage tissue is rapidly changing, becoming thinner, as a result of which defects are formed – osteophytes, giving a characteristic crunch. These processes are often accompanied by synovitis – inflammation of the synovial bag. Grade 2 arthrosis has a detrimental effect not only on the joint itself, but also on the menisci and intraarticular ligaments, and also causes muscle atrophy.
  3. In the third stage, the joint is already thoroughly deformed and becomes almost motionless due to the lack of friction between the joints. It is very important to quickly slow down the destruction of cartilage and bone tissue, otherwise complete immobilization will occur.

Diagnosing

To determine the exact diagnosis and degree of damage to the shoulder joint, it is necessary to undergo a full examination by a doctor. At the beginning of the disease, you can contact the therapist. He will prescribe medications, massages, physical procedures. More complicated cases are considered by a rheumatologist and an orthopedic traumatologist.

In addition to examination and palpation, the patient will receive an X-ray direction, with which you can detect the first signs. The most effective way is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which gives a three-dimensional image of the joint itself and the surrounding soft tissues. To detect the presence or absence of inflammation, you need to pass laboratory and biochemical tests.

Therapies

Treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder joint is carried out by conservative methods. In some cases, recipes from traditional medicine are appropriate, but they are effective only in the early stages of the disease. Conservative methods:

  • medication;
  • physiotherapy;
  • massage;
  • acupuncture;
  • physiotherapy;
  • diet.

Medicines are designed to relieve pain and inflammatory syndromes and restore cartilage. It:

  • analgesics;
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • corticosteroids;
  • chondroprotectors;
  • ointments for external use.

In situations where the pain becomes intense, blockades are prescribed – hormonal injections of diprospan, phlosterone, hydrocortisone.

Physiotherapeutic procedures are carried out by the following means:

They are designed to enhance the effect of drugs and accelerate the healing process. A positive effect on tissue regeneration, the state of blood vessels, blood flow and lymph flow was noted. As a result, metabolism is normalized, the joint begins to receive good nutrition and strengthen.

Massage can be performed only after the decline of the acute phase. It is indicated for all types of arthrosis. Massage restores motor function, removes muscle seals, stabilizes cartilage nutrition.

Treatment and elimination of the symptoms of arthrosis of the shoulder joint by gymnastics is an effective way that has preventive and rehabilitative significance. It is prescribed for patients who have undergone a medical course and have stepped over a severe stage. A set of exercises is recommended by a doctor, you can do it at home or in a group. Contraindications to training:

  • heat;
  • cardiovascular diseases;
  • increased intracranial and blood pressure.

Exercises

  1. Stand near the wall with your toes touching it. Spread your feet shoulder w >

Sitting position with a stick.

  1. Sit on a chair, spread your legs slightly wider than your shoulders. Grasp the ends of the stick. Lift it vertically with a sick and healthy hand.
  2. Put the stick on the floor, with a healthy limb, grasp it at the top, and the patient a little lower. Make a circle to the side, while the body should repeat the movement.
  3. Grasp the middle of the stick, hold it in front of you horizontally. Make turns ends to the sides.

Prevention

Problems with the joints of the shoulders can be avoided by removing all the prerequisites – heavy physical exertion, an unhealthy lifestyle, and lack of mobility. Compliance with medical recommendations, sleep and rest and proper nutrition is the key to a successful treatment for arthrosis.

Exercise therapy and exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joint

Arthrosis of the shoulder joint is a degenerative-dystrophic disease with damage to the articular surface of the humerus, collarbone, scapula and surrounding neurovascular bundle. The gradual destruction of the articular surfaces leads to a loss of functionality and the formation of contractures. The development of pathology, possibly at any age.

Description of pathology

Brachial arthrosis has a tendency to develop in certain population groups:

  1. Professional athletes. Increased load occurs during gymnastics, tennis and throwing.
  2. Age-related changes in the joints. In people older than 45 years, the growth of the cartilaginous surfaces of the joint and a decrease in the joint gap begin.
  3. Genetic predisposition. A defect in the DNA gene responsible for the formation and development of cartilage.
  4. Chronic or inflammatory diseases of the bones and joints.

Most often, pathology develops in certain populations

The development of the pathological process leads to a loss of elasticity of the cartilage surfaces. The capsule and synovial membrane thickens in response to constant irritation. The longer the disease is left untreated, the more degeneration of the cartilage elastic structures into fibrous tissue occurs. The volume of active and passive movements in the shoulder is reduced. The neurovascular bundle is also involved in the process. This is the cause of numbness and pain in the limb.

The benefits of exercise therapy

Exercise therapy for arthrosis is the final stage of an integrated approach to the problem of arthritis. Gymnastic events bring undeniable benefits:

  • restoration of metabolic processes in tissues;
  • prevents the appearance of complications;
  • strengthens the musculo-ligamentous component of the joint;
  • reduces pain;
  • returns the entire volume of active and passive movements.

Exercise therapy for arthrosis is able to relieve pain

When deciding on a set of procedures, several rules must be considered:

  1. Start with light exercises and add stress if necessary.
  2. Avoid intense pain during exercise.
  3. Observe the regularity of training.
  4. Monitor the quality and complete implementation of the task.
  5. The specific set of necessary exercises is individually selected by the doctor.

Physical exercises in exercise therapy are divided into three groups: gymnastic, general strengthening, special. The first group acts on the muscular-articular apparatus. The second group strengthens the general condition of the body. The third group is selected taking into account the clinical picture, laboratory and instrumental studies.

Indications and contraindications for therapeutic exercises

Indications for the appointment of this treatment option:

  1. Persistent remission. Arthritis pain is characterized as acute, paroxysmal, and increasing with physical exertion. This reason is to abstain from exercise in the acute phase of the disease.
  2. With somatic well-being, that is, in the absence of concomitant diseases.

Some contraindications for performing exercises:

  • acute phase;
  • 3-4th stage of the disease;
  • hypertonic disease;
  • osteoporosis;
  • inflammatory diseases of bones and joints;
  • mental disorders.

Gymnastics with shoulder arthrosis can be done at home. But there are several main points that you should pay attention to before starting physical therapy:

  1. Exercise for arthrosis of the shoulder joint at home should be done only with a second course of treatment. In this case, the first detected diseases and physical exercises for them are carried out in a medical institution.
  2. It is forb >Therapeutic gymnastics can also be carried out at home.

Classical exercise therapy options are practically useless for this population group. For children, physical education should be carried out exclusively in a playful way. The effectiveness of treatment will be directly related to compliance with some rules:

  • interest of the child;
  • the use of toys, pictures;
  • emphasis on restorative rather than specialized therapy;
  • carry out only in the presence of a specialist;
  • carrying out exercises in the pool is allowed.

Massage

Along with exercise therapy, therapeutic massage helps to restore tone and strengthen muscle tissue. For arthritis, one of two massage techniques is more often performed: classic or acupressure. Techniques used by a massage therapist:

  • point pressure with the fingertips on the shoulder joint and collar zone;
  • grinding and kneading;
  • tapping;
  • zigzag and ring impressions.

Session duration 1 hour. The course of treatment is 2 weeks.

Physiotherapy

At the moment, there are a huge number of training videos with gymnastic exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joint. Together with a specialist, the patient can pick up a set of elements from these videos to perform at home.

Exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joints are carried out while standing, sitting or lying down. Some possible gymnastic elements for the shoulder:

    Most of the exercises are performed with the feet shoulder-w >

A set of exercises for shoulder arthrosis

All exercises for shoulder arthrosis can be divided:

When a lesion in the shoulder-shoulder area is often prescribed, a set of exercises according to the Popov method. It includes:

  1. In a sitting position, emit walking, that is, make movements as a step. Do not take your hands off your hips, but move them along.
  2. Continue the “walking” movements of the lower extremities and add circular movements of the upper extremities 5 times in each direction.
  3. Standing trying to reach the upper limbs to the opposite lower.
  4. Standing with your back to the wall, to carry away the movement of the diseased limb from the body and return to its original position.
  5. In any position convenient for the patient, the shoulder girdle is lifted upward. In this position for 2-3 seconds.
  6. Lying on the back of the patient raises his arms above his head and stretches up.

Lesson time is about an hour. After each exercise, you need to take a break of 30 seconds.

Any movements should be combined with elements of respiratory gymnastics. Highlights on execution:

  • while breathing in the exercise; while exhaling, the starting position;
  • when breathing, the chest and abdominal walls are involved;
  • the correct breath begins with the raising of the clavicles, then the chest and then the abdomen;
  • exhale is the opposite of inspiration with the inclusion of all structures in the work.

The most effective exercise

Exercise therapy for arthrosis of the shoulder joint can slow the progression of the disease. Therapeutic exercises for arthrosis most often include:

  1. Shoulder exercises with a towel. Take a piece of cloth with two hands at a distance of 20 cm from each other. Raise the limbs above your head and bring them behind your back as far as possible. Lock for a few seconds. Lower your arms back to their original position. The number of movements is 5–7.
  2. The next exercise is called the pendulum. We rest our healthy hand against the wall and tilt the case down. The diseased limb hangs freely. We begin to do pendulum exercises increasing the amplitude of movements. The number of movements 5.
  3. Starting position is sitting. Put your elbows on the table (distance 20 cm) and clasp your hands in the lock. The exercise is performed as armwrestling. With a healthy hand it is necessary to resist, and the patient try to touch the table.
  4. Slopes with support. To perform it is necessary to stand in front of a chair or table at a distance of 50 cm. Feet shoulder w >

Exercise therapy to eliminate pain in arthrosis

Exercise therapy allows you to remove the main symptom of the disease, since it slows down the degeneration of cartilage into fibrous tissue. In this case, the affected areas of the cartilage begin to recover due to the improvement of local and metabolism in the soft tissues.

Continuous exercise therapy gives a stable remission.

Bubnovsky gymnastics

Another set of exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joint there are exercises Bubnovsky.

Gymnastics with brachial arthrosis begins with the following preparation:

  • Perform under the supervision of a rehabilitologist.
  • Begin by warming up the muscles. For this, any easy exercises are suitable at will.
  • At the discretion of a specialist, the length of the training can be changed. As a rule, each session is increased by 5-10 minutes.
  • Mandatory compliance with the technique of breathing exercises to enhance the effectiveness of exercises.

The complex of exercises for arthrosis of the shoulder joint is the following set of elements:

  1. hands moving up and down;
  2. scissor type exercises;
  3. breeding hands and circular hand swings;
  4. squeeze and unclench hands.
  1. lying on your back raise your hands up and slowly lower;
  2. to put your hands in the torso to the s >Gymnastics with arthrosis of the shoulder joint is an integral part of treatment, along with medication and physiotherapy, without which it will not be easy to cure the disease. But do not wait for an instant result: the treatment of arthrosis is very long and thorough.

    You should never diagnose yourself or turn to traditional medicine, ignoring traditional methods of treatment. Perforation leads to surgery and the replacement of the joint with a prosthesis, after which it will be necessary to carry out an expensive operation every 10-15 years. Do not forget that any intervention is stress for the body. With an unfavorable outcome of the operation, you can lose mobility of the hand. Remember that any strange and atypical pain for you is a signal for going to the doctor and the need for examination.

    Arthrosis of the shoulder: what is this disease

    Arthrosis is a chronic disease in which the cartilage and adjacent tissue wear out and collapse. The reason is simple – it is inflammation, which can begin for the following reasons:

    1. A long or recent shoulder injury. At risk are athletes who often receive microtrauma.
    2. Vascular diseases that disrupt blood circulation and thereby lead to insufficient blood supply to the joint.
    3. Strong shoulder load. Arthritis is especially dangerous to loaders, builders.
    4. Hormonal, autoimmune disorders (psoriasis, etc.).
    5. Bad heredity. Children whose parents suffer from arthrosis have a higher chance of getting sick. This group also includes people with similar congenital pathologies.
    6. Failures in metabolic processes and the endocrine system, in which the joints do not receive the nutrition they need.
    7. Other diseases, such as arthritis.
    8. When you reach the age of 50, the risk of getting sick increases several times due to tissue wear.

    There are a number of signs by which you can determine the presence of the disease in yourself. If you notice similar symptoms, you should consult a doctor, and as soon as possible:

    1. Aching pain that appears most often in the morning, sometimes due to a sharp change in weather. When lifting something heavy, the shoulder also makes itself felt. Gradually, pain begins to appear when feeling the shoulder. In subsequent stages, the pain comes just like that, arising in the elbow, back.
    2. Restriction of motor function. Because of the pain, it becomes difficult even to simply raise your hand to straighten your hair, rotational movements or an attempt to pull the limb back is also painful.
    3. Crunch and creaks, at first weak, but in later stages they are heard even from a distance.
    4. Swelling, fever of the whole body or locally at the site of the affected joint.
    5. The total hardness of the joint.

    Arthrosis Treatment

    In addition to exercise therapy, there are several treatment methods that can be skillfully combined to cure arthrosis. First of all, any doctor must prescribe a complex of drugs, which may include chondroprotectors (drugs to restore cartilage), vitamins, dietary supplements and minerals. In addition to the above, analgesics, muscle relaxants and anesthetics are used to reduce pain. But all this is fraught with side effects. In order to avoid this, physiotherapy is used, which will help reduce the dosage of drugs, enhance their effect and remove some of the side effects.
    Such treatment is carried out in courses, usually once a year, and the type is chosen by a specialist in the absence of contraindications. There are several types of physiotherapy suitable for the treatment of arthrosis:

    • electrophoresis;
    • cryotherapy;
    • laser therapy;
    • acupuncture;
    • exposure to ultrasound;
    • exposure by magnetic field;
    • infrared, ultraviolet and laser radiation.

    Separately, it is worth considering a massage. An experienced specialist will help with arthrosis, but an independent massage will also not be superfluous. It must be remembered that massage should be carried out only at the final stage of treatment, and if you have undergone surgery, then it is better to consult your doctor. Self-massage is not difficult, for example, one of the exercises is working with muscles, stroking, “squeezing” with the edge of the palm or fist, repeated 3-4 times, circular impact on the joint, rubbing. Charging is also not harmful – active flexion-extension of the limb, etc. Typically, massage is combined with therapeutic baths.
    Of great importance in the treatment of arthrosis is the diet. With this diagnosis, it is necessary to reduce the salt content in food, increase the amount of fluid. Do not eat tomatoes, spinach, spicy seasonings. Instead, it is worth increasing the consumption of collagen, which is found in meat and fish (especially in offal – bones and cartilage), oranges, gelatin, cashew nuts, blueberries, poultry.

    Rules for performing exercises for osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint

    It is worth remembering that therapeutic gymnastics is not available to everyone. It can only be practiced during remission, as with exacerbation, motor activity is strictly prohibited.
    Before starting the exercises, you need to consult a specialist, show him the complex that you have chosen for yourself.
    If you have a high fever or have a disease in which physical activity is prohibited, exercise is not recommended. Excluded exercises that cause pain.
    During exercise therapy, a number of rules must be followed:

    1. Take your time and enjoy even small results: high rates are fraught with consequences.
    2. Never bear the pain.
    3. Exercises need to be performed lying or sitting, slowly.
    4. No intense or traumatic movements.
    5. It is better to do it all day for several minutes.

    Gymnastics with arthrosis of the shoulder joint is very simple. The complex described below contains 4 stages, following each other in the process of improving the condition. Moreover, the first stage does not include any exercises for osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint, implying exclusively medical treatment.
    The second stage consists of 6 exercises:

    1. Strain and relax the brachial muscle 5 times.
    2. Squeeze an object with a sick hand.
    3. Develop the wrist area in a circular motion 8 times.
    4. Squeeze and unclench fingers 12 times.
    5. Helping with a healthy hand, bend the patient 6 times.
    6. In the same way, take your hand to the side 6 times.

    The third stage is performed while sitting, while your hands are on your knees. Perform each exercise 5 times. Raise the limb forward, then up. Dilute bent arms in different directions. Raise and tighten your shoulders. Get limbs behind your back. The fourth stage is best performed with a light load 10 times. Turn by hand. Bend and unbend them. Shake hands back and forth.

    Disease prevention

    Prevention of arthrosis should not be in last place. Overweight is one of the reasons for the early development of arthrosis, as the load on the joints increases several times. It is worth moving more, not leading a sedentary lifestyle. If possible, visit the pool. Physical therapy will be of great help.

    No matter how strange it may sound, the daily routine also affects the risk of developing arthrosis.

    You need to sleep at least 7-8 hours, go to bed early and get up, be in nature and, if possible, eliminate negative emotions. Proper nutrition, lack of hypothermia – the key to health, including with arthrosis.
    Arthrosis is a long, stubborn and slowly healing disease, often accompanied by pain. And therapeutic gymnastics will help overcome it.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.

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