Arthritis Symptoms and Treatment in Adults

Arthritis of the joints: symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, prevention.

A widespread disease that has no tendency, the incidence has always been high.

Complications are critical, disabling joint mobility and leading to disability.

Due to tolerable primary symptoms, periodically appearing and not dominant, the disease is diagnosed late and begins to be treated.

Mostly the lower limbs are affected, which explains the greater load and small joints in connection with a wide range of movements: knee, elbow, ankle and interphalangeal.

More often women suffer from arthritis.

Arthritis is a generalized concept of the inflammatory process in all elements of the joint: bone elements, articular bags and cartilaginous disc surrounding the ligamentous apparatus.

Causes of Arthritis

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Etiological factors have a local and general predisposing effect on the development of the disease:

  • Infectious damage – with specific infections: tuberculosis, gonorrhea, brucellosis, borelliosis, hepatitis. Bacterial infection with postoperative complications. With frequent colds, viral diseases – tonsillitis, adenoiditis and tonsillitis, cystitis.
  • Metabolic disorders – gout (deposition of uric acid salts), overweight (consequences of impaired digestion and absorption of nutrients).
  • Acute or chronic injuries – habitual subluxations and dislocations, bruises and open wounds. The consequences of domestic and sports damage.
  • Autoimmune processes – connective tissue diseases: rheumatism, psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus.
  • Blood diseases – cellular disorders – hemochromatosis, granulomatosis, purpura (coagulation disorder).
  • Chronic general and local hypothermia – freezing tendency, inappropriate clothing for the season, staying in a cold room during work, sports conditions (figure skating, hockey, speed skating).
  • Immunosuppressive conditions that do not allow defensive forces to maintain the health of peripheral organs and tissues are long-term debilitating chronic diseases.
  • Endocrine disorders – diabetes, premenopausal and menopausal period.
  • Allergic arthritis – in response to local exposure to an allergen or as a result of ingestion.
  • Disturbance of peripheral blood circulation and impaired lymphatic drainage.
  • Diseases of the central nervous system that violate the adequate innervation and proper transmission of the impulse to the organs are post-stroke disorders of proprioceptive sensitivity.
  • Occupational hazards – among masseurs, seamstresses, hairdressers, athletes (gymnastics) and builders.
  • The effect of age affects thinning and loss of tissue elasticity, impaired absorption of mineral components and a lack of vitamins.
  • Imbalance of water-salt balance – swelling of the body and limbs.

Arthritis Classification

There are several classifications.

By the number of affected joints:

  • monoarthritis;
  • polyarthritis.

On the side of the lesion:

  • symmetric;
  • asymmetric.

By time of occurrence:

  1. primary – osteoarthrosis, spondylitis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Still’s disease;
  2. secondary – due to adherence to the underlying disease.

By nosological importance: as the main independent disease and reactive arthritis (as a manifestation of another disease).

Symptoms of Arthritis

Symptoms of arthritis are characteristic at all stages of inflammation:

  1. Pain is a periodic aching, at rest and intensifying with movement, the intensity of which depends on the stage and severity of the process.
  2. Redness of the skin from pink to burgundy.
  3. Increased local temperature in the joint. The skin is tense, dry macerated.
  4. Perifocal (surrounding the area of ​​inflammation) edema of varying intensity.
  5. Impairment of joint function: inflammatory contracture of the surrounding soft tissues and a degenerative destructive process in the articular elements.
  6. Morning stiffness, heaviness and stiffness, which in the process of “walking” turns into soreness.
  7. Weakness in legs, uncontrollability when walking, technical difficulties when trying to get out of a sitting position.
  8. Often there is a violation of the general condition – subfebrile temperature, weakness and chills.

Arthritis Diagnosis

To make a diagnosis, a laboratory test is necessary: ​​a general and biochemical blood test for various specific factors and indicators of the state of the body, a general urinalysis.

Instrumental methods: ultrasound examination computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

arthritis treatment

Arthritis treatment at home

  • Reducing the load on the joint – the use of auxiliary immobilization elements – dressings, bandages, sticks, tires, heels and kneecaps, orthoses.
  • Therapeutic gymnastics and self-massage after professional coaching.
  • Traditional medicine methods – compresses, lotions, rubbing, ointments and gels on a natural basis: mummy, clay, medicinal herbs.
  • Weight loss, normalization of water-salt balance and metabolism.
  • Correction of the diet – the exclusion of alcohol, a decrease in the consumption of salty spicy foods, an abundance of protein products.
  • Juice therapy – such freshly squeezed juices in the morning are recommended: spinach with carrots, salad and cabbage leaves with carrots, and optimal trio-carrots, cucumber and beets.
  • Dry heat – put on knitted socks or gloves soaked in concentrated salt solution (200 ml of water and so many grams of table salt) on the hands or feet.
  • Self-massage with essential oils – the first composition: to 15-20 g of grape seed oil add 4 drops of eucalyptus and lavender, and 5 drops of lemon oil. The second composition: in 15-25 g of any neutral oil (sunflower, olive or sweet almond oil) squeeze 3 drops of lemon and lavender oil, and 5 drops of pine. After the massage, dry heat is required, for example, woolen mittens for the whole night.

Arthritis Medication

It consists in the appointment of conservative treatment, which involves several main areas:

  • Elimination of the cause – treatment of the underlying disease (with specific drugs or antibiotics), which led to the development of arthritis.
  • Reception of multivitamins and minerals.
  • Reducing pain with various painkillers: solpodein, analgin, aspirin, paracetamol.
  • Elimination of the local inflammatory process with non-stero >

They develop in stages and slowly, with each stage becoming less reversible:

  • Dystrophic contracture of ligaments and joint capsules.
  • Joint deformation and irreversible violation of its function.
  • Arthrosis and ankylosis leading to disability.
  • Degenerative atrophy of the muscle apparatus, due to which constant dislocation of the articular head from the joint is possible.
  • When suppuration occurs, inflammatory exudate accumulates in the articular bag itself and surrounding tissues, there is a symptom of fluctuation – “swelling”, confirming the presence of effusion in the interstitial spaces, a sharp pulsating pain, blueness of the skin, the formation of an abscess and further phlegmon, which can lead to septic necrosis limbs, osteomyelitis or sepsis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis has its own specific consequences – the formation of nodules on small joints, looseness of the joint bag with chronic subluxations, osteoporosis and ostearthrosis. Concomitant skin lesions in the form of rash, pericarditis and myocarditis, conjunctivitis, atherosclerosis also join.

Arthritis Prevention

It is easier, with the aim of prevention, to prevent the development of arthritis, knowing a predisposition to it.

Arthritis: types, causes and treatment of arthritis

Arthritis – symptomatology, diagnosis, types and treatment of joints

Arthritis is called inflammatory joint disease. The statistics are depressing – more than 3% of patients become disabled. The disease is not spared either young or old. Among schoolchildren, for every 1000 students, one is ill.

arthritis

Types and causes of arthritis

There are more than one and a half hundred arthritis of different etiology and localization. It can be affected as one joint (monoarthritis), or several (polyarthritis).

Independent nosological forms of diseases are allocated in a separate group:

• rheumatoid arthritis or Sokolsky’s disease – Buino;

• ankylosing spondylitis (ankylosing spondylitis);

Joint inflammation is often associated with infection. Septic or infectious arthritis develops in patients with tuberculosis, brucellosis, syphilis, lacunar, follicular tonsillitis. The causative agents are pathogenic microbes: Koch’s tubercle bacillus, pale treponema (spirochete), gonococci, streptococci, staphylococci and other microorganisms. Conditionally pathogenic microflora can provoke inflammation.

Arthritis accompanies some noncommunicable diseases:

• Diseases of the digestive tract – Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis.

• Hypersensitive reactions – Shenlein-Genoch purple.

• Systemic lesions of connective tissue – hypogammaglobulinoma, ochronosis.

• Neoplasms – multiple myeloma, leukemia, malignant histiocytosis.

• Neuropathic arthropathies – Charcot, diabetic.

• Gout, its types – medicinal, lead and others.

Arthritis Risks

In the spread of diseases, heredity plays a significant role. If arthritis was diagnosed in parents, the likelihood of a disease in the heirs increases significantly. The number of patients with complaints of joint pain increases sharply in the off-season – in spring and autumn. More often people are sick, hardened, with weakened immunity.

Joints temporarily hurt with flu, SARS. They can be infected in people with untreated carious teeth, chronic diseases of the nasopharynx. Microbes penetrate into the joint cavity with the flow of blood, lymph.

At risk are also:

• older people after 65 years, more often women are sick;

• people of manual labor – builders, movers;

• people whose profession is associated with hypothermia – builders, lumberjacks, railway workers, janitors.

Often, the disease itself contributes to the person himself. Overeating, little movement. As a result, extra pounds are gained, and the load on the joints of the back, lower limbs increases.

Diagnostics

Before making a preliminary diagnosis, the doctor listens to the patient’s complaints, examines the diseased organ. Depending on the situation, prescribes one or more clinical, instrumental studies:

• bacterial analysis of intraarticular fluid to identify the causative agent of infection;

• MRI, CT (magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography).

Arthroscopy is used to diagnose large joints – a minimally invasive method for examining the intraarticular cavity with an arthroscope.

Symptoms of Arthritis

Symptoms of arthritis of various etiologies are largely similar. Signs of joint inflammation have been known since Hippocrates and Galen, these are:

• pain in the joint and nearby tissues;

• swelling of tissues in the joint;

• limited mobility of varying degrees.

During arthritis, 3 stages are distinguished: acute, subacute, chronic. Acute arthritis is characterized by severe pain. Joint mobility is severely limited. The pain does not go away at rest, it grows in the second half of the night and in the morning. The joint is edematous. The skin above it turns red, it feels hot to the touch.

In severe forms of the disease, almost all articular structures are involved in the inflammatory process – ligaments, tendons, cartilage, bones, synovial membrane, fluid. Changes occur not only in the joint and surrounding tissues. The overall reactivity of the body decreases. The patient’s body temperature rises, the blood picture changes. With subacute arthritis, the symptoms are similar, but less pronounced.

In chronic pathology, the disease progresses gradually. Remissions of various durations are replaced by exacerbations. Pain occurs during exertion, prolonged walking. Joints “breaks”, “twists” with a sharp change in weather. Inflammatory changes occurring in the joint capsule, tendons, periarticular tissues lead to the development of contractures, subluxations. The joints are deformed, their mobility decreases sharply.

arthritis treatment

Arthritis treatment is complex, mostly conservative. Surgical intervention is possible in exceptional cases. Inflammatory diseases of the joints, the etiology of which is known or insufficiently studied, is treated according to the standard (allopathic) scheme, including:

• analgesics – for the relief of pain;

• NSAIDs – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to eliminate edema, inflammation;

• glucocorticosteroids – in severe forms of the disease;

• antibiotics – for infection of the joints.

Each drug from the listed group has contraindications, a lot of side effects. For example, non-steroidal agents exacerbate the course of diseases of the stomach and intestines. Therefore, self-medication is dangerous. Reduce the dosage or cancel the medicine after temporary relief should not be, the disease may return.

Severe pain is relieved by blockade. In a hospital or on an outpatient basis, chipping of a sore spot is done with painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs of prolonged (long) action. Medicines in the form of a gel or ointment can be injected deep into the tissues completely painlessly using modern ultrasonic, laser devices.

The complex of therapeutic measures includes physiotherapy exercises (physical therapy), physiotherapeutic procedures, massage. Sanatorium treatment is indicated. Orthopedic bandages, belts, corsets are used to correct the joint. Pain during walking relieve canes, crutches. The treatment of secondary arthritis caused by other diseases is aimed at eliminating the underlying pathology. Along with the disease, pain and inflammation of the joints will go away.

First aid

Chronic patients know well what to do with an exacerbation of the disease. What to do if the pain first appeared. The mobility of the diseased organ should be limited. With tolerable pain and an apparently unchanged joint, heat can help:

• hot heating pad wrapped in cloth to prevent burns;

• ointments based on PNVP – orthophene, indomethacin, diclofenac and others;

• light rubbing propolis oil, propolis has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.

If the joint is hot to the touch and swollen, you need a cold – a bubble, a heating pad with ice. In the absence of ice, a towel folded several times moistened with cold water is suitable. Cool the sore spot for no more than 15 minutes with a break of 2-3 hours for 2 days. Then thermal procedures follow.

Symptoms and methods of treatment of arthritis of the joints

Arthritis of the joints: symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, prevention.

A widespread disease that has no tendency, the incidence has always been high.

Complications are critical, disabling joint mobility and leading to disability.

Due to tolerable primary symptoms, periodically appearing and not dominant, the disease is diagnosed late and begins to be treated.

Mostly the lower limbs are affected, which explains the greater load and small joints in connection with a wide range of movements: knee, elbow, ankle and interphalangeal.

More often women suffer from arthritis.

Arthritis is a generalized concept of the inflammatory process in all elements of the joint: bone elements, articular bags and cartilaginous disc surrounding the ligamentous apparatus.

Causes of Arthritis

Etiological factors have a local and general predisposing effect on the development of the disease:

  • Infectious damage – with specific infections: tuberculosis, gonorrhea, brucellosis, borelliosis, hepatitis. Bacterial infection with postoperative complications. With frequent colds, viral diseases – tonsillitis, adenoiditis and tonsillitis, cystitis.
  • Metabolic disorders – gout (deposition of uric acid salts), overweight (consequences of impaired digestion and absorption of nutrients).
  • Acute or chronic injuries – habitual subluxations and dislocations, bruises and open wounds. The consequences of domestic and sports damage.
  • Autoimmune processes – connective tissue diseases: rheumatism, psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus.
  • Blood diseases – cellular disorders – hemochromatosis, granulomatosis, purpura (coagulation disorder).
  • Chronic general and local hypothermia – freezing tendency, inappropriate clothing for the season, staying in a cold room during work, sports conditions (figure skating, hockey, speed skating).
  • Immunosuppressive conditions that do not allow defensive forces to maintain the health of peripheral organs and tissues are long-term debilitating chronic diseases.
  • Endocrine disorders – diabetes, premenopausal and menopausal period.
  • Allergic arthritis – in response to local exposure to an allergen or as a result of ingestion.
  • Disturbance of peripheral blood circulation and impaired lymphatic drainage.
  • Diseases of the central nervous system that violate the adequate innervation and proper transmission of the impulse to the organs are post-stroke disorders of proprioceptive sensitivity.
  • Occupational hazards – among masseurs, seamstresses, hairdressers, athletes (gymnastics) and builders.
  • The effect of age affects thinning and loss of tissue elasticity, impaired absorption of mineral components and a lack of vitamins.
  • Imbalance of water-salt balance – swelling of the body and limbs.

Arthritis Classification

There are several classifications.

By the number of affected joints:

  • monoarthritis;
  • polyarthritis.

On the side of the lesion:

  • symmetric;
  • asymmetric.

By time of occurrence:

  1. primary – osteoarthrosis, spondylitis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Still’s disease;
  2. secondary – due to adherence to the underlying disease.

By nosological importance: as the main independent disease and reactive arthritis (as a manifestation of another disease).

Symptoms of Arthritis

Symptoms of arthritis are characteristic at all stages of inflammation:

  1. Pain is a periodic aching, at rest and intensifying with movement, the intensity of which depends on the stage and severity of the process.
  2. Redness of the skin from pink to burgundy.
  3. Increased local temperature in the joint. The skin is tense, dry macerated.
  4. Perifocal (surrounding the area of ​​inflammation) edema of varying intensity.
  5. Impairment of joint function: inflammatory contracture of the surrounding soft tissues and a degenerative destructive process in the articular elements.
  6. Morning stiffness, heaviness and stiffness, which in the process of “walking” turns into soreness.
  7. Weakness in legs, uncontrollability when walking, technical difficulties when trying to get out of a sitting position.
  8. Often there is a violation of the general condition – subfebrile temperature, weakness and chills.

Arthritis Diagnosis

To make a diagnosis, a laboratory test is necessary: ​​a general and biochemical blood test for various specific factors and indicators of the state of the body, a general urinalysis.

Instrumental methods: ultrasound examination computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

arthritis treatment

Arthritis treatment at home

  • Reducing the load on the joint – the use of auxiliary immobilization elements – dressings, bandages, sticks, tires, heels and kneecaps, orthoses.
  • Therapeutic gymnastics and self-massage after professional coaching.
  • Traditional medicine methods – compresses, lotions, rubbing, ointments and gels on a natural basis: mummy, clay, medicinal herbs.
  • Weight loss, normalization of water-salt balance and metabolism.
  • Correction of the diet – the exclusion of alcohol, a decrease in the consumption of salty spicy foods, an abundance of protein products.
  • Juice therapy – such freshly squeezed juices in the morning are recommended: spinach with carrots, salad and cabbage leaves with carrots, and optimal trio-carrots, cucumber and beets.
  • Dry heat – put on knitted socks or gloves soaked in concentrated salt solution (200 ml of water and so many grams of table salt) on the hands or feet.
  • Self-massage with essential oils – the first composition: to 15-20 g of grape seed oil add 4 drops of eucalyptus and lavender, and 5 drops of lemon oil. The second composition: in 15-25 g of any neutral oil (sunflower, olive or sweet almond oil) squeeze 3 drops of lemon and lavender oil, and 5 drops of pine. After the massage, dry heat is required, for example, woolen mittens for the whole night.

Arthritis Medication

It consists in the appointment of conservative treatment, which involves several main areas:

  • Elimination of the cause – treatment of the underlying disease (with specific drugs or antibiotics), which led to the development of arthritis.
  • Reception of multivitamins and minerals.
  • Reducing pain with various painkillers: solpodein, analgin, aspirin, paracetamol.
  • Elimination of the local inflammatory process with non-stero >

They develop in stages and slowly, with each stage becoming less reversible:

  • Dystrophic contracture of ligaments and joint capsules.
  • Joint deformation and irreversible violation of its function.
  • Arthrosis and ankylosis leading to disability.
  • Degenerative atrophy of the muscle apparatus, due to which constant dislocation of the articular head from the joint is possible.
  • When suppuration occurs, inflammatory exudate accumulates in the articular bag itself and surrounding tissues, there is a symptom of fluctuation – “swelling”, confirming the presence of effusion in the interstitial spaces, a sharp pulsating pain, blueness of the skin, the formation of an abscess and further phlegmon, which can lead to septic necrosis limbs, osteomyelitis or sepsis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis has its own specific consequences – the formation of nodules on small joints, looseness of the joint bag with chronic subluxations, osteoporosis and ostearthrosis. Concomitant skin lesions in the form of rash, pericarditis and myocarditis, conjunctivitis, atherosclerosis also join.

Arthritis Prevention

It is easier, with the aim of prevention, to prevent the development of arthritis, knowing a predisposition to it.

The most common signs of arthritis are arthritis symptoms.

In this chapter, I will tell you about special “alarming” symptoms that are uncharacteristic for arthrosis, but typical for arthritis. These symptoms can serve as a hint and direct your diagnostic search in the right direction.

Signs of arthritis.

1. You feel increased pain in the joints at night, between three and five in the morning – increased pain at this time often indicates their rheumatic, inflammatory origin, and may be a symptom of some kind of arthritis. You should especially be wary if the pains are so severe that they wake a person in the middle of the night amid complete rest. But if the pain occurred in the middle of the night from movement, when you roll over from side to side or stand in the toilet, then such pain is not an indicator of inflammation. It can be a symptom of any disease – from arthrosis to tendon inflammation.

2. You should be wary if you feel stiffness in the whole body and joints in the mornings, immediately after waking up, which disappears within an hour or during the first half of the day — such stiffness is characteristic of inflammatory joint diseases, especially rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatic polymyalgia. A very alarming sign is the morning stiffness of the hands, the feeling that tight gloves are put on the hands. The symptom of “tight gloves” is one of the manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis. However, the same sensations occur with some non-inflammatory diseases of the hands – in particular, with carpal tunnel syndrome.

3. You should be wary if you have inflammation and swelling of the metacarpophalangeal joints, that is, the joints located at the base of the fingers (bulging bones of a clenched fist). Swelling and inflammation of these joints are most often a sign of rheumatoid arthritis, less often a sign of psoriatic arthritis. Unless, of course, it arose as a result of an injury or a punch against the wall.

4. You should be wary if your wrist joints are inflamed and swollen. Inflammation of the wrist joints is most often a sign of rheumatoid arthritis, less often a sign of reactive or psoriatic arthritis, rheumatism, or a peripheral form of ankylosing spondylitis. Particularly alarming is the inflammation of two wrist joints at once. Such inflammation in 99% of cases is a sign of arthritis.

5. You should be wary if at least one of your fingers or toes is red and swollen from the base to the very tip and looks like a sausage. This “sausage-like configuration” of the fingers is most often a symptom of psoriatic arthritis, sometimes reactive arthritis. Less commonly, a similar deformation of the fingers, with redness and swelling, occurs with gout – but then it is combined with inconceivable acute pain in the affected finger. Whereas with psoriatic arthritis, the pain can be quite bearable.

6. One should be wary if inflammation of the joints is “volatile” – when one joint swells at first, then after a few days its inflammation passes without a trace, but immediately after that the other joint becomes inflamed, then the third, etc. Such alternate “flare-up” of the joints with their complete subsequent recovery is most often the result of articular rheumatism. Or a sign of gouty arthritis – but then joint inflammation is almost always combined with inconceivable acute pain and redness of an inflamed joint. With articular rheumatism, reddening of the joints is almost non-existent.

7. You should be wary if you experience bouts of severe pain in the joints of the big toes, or in the knee joints or ankle joints, accompanied by their swelling and obvious redness, which occur for no reason and also suddenly disappear after 3–7 days, and then again regularly repeated at approximately the same intervals. Such attacks are 90% a sign of gouty arthritis. With gout, the pain is usually so severe that the patient is ready to “climb the wall” because of them.

8. One should be wary if joint pain is clearly reduced by active, energetic movements. Most often, joint pain from vigorous movements decreases precisely with arthritis. But with arthrosis and other non-inflammatory joint diseases, too energetic movements often lead, on the contrary, to increased pain in the damaged joint.

9. One should be wary if joint pain is quickly and almost completely eliminated by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Such a tangible effect of taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs occurs only with certain types of arthritis: most often with ankylosing spondylitis, and less often with gout. In these diseases, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs sometimes reduce pain by almost 90-100%. With arthrosis and other non-inflammatory joint diseases, such a pronounced effect from taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is rare, pain decreases only by 50-60 percent. With arthrosis, it almost never happens that the pain in the affected joints from anti-inflammatory drugs goes away completely.

10. You should be wary if for several months or years you feel a clear stiffness in the lower back and sacrum, and a severe restriction of mobility in the lumbar spine or in the entire spine. This limitation of spinal mobility may be a sign of ankylosing spondylitis. With ankylosing spondylitis, the ability to turn in both directions, to the right or left, and to lean forward, backward or sideways is sharply reduced. A sick person usually turns or leans with his whole body, with a “straight back.”

11. You should be wary if dense pea-sized nodules appear under the skin of joints in the elbow area under your skin – they may be the result of rheumatoid arthritis. Sometimes gouty tofuses also form in the elbow area.

12. You should be wary if the inflammation of your joints is combined with a prolonged increase in temperature to 37 ° C or higher (for more than 4 weeks). A combination of prolonged fever and joint inflammation can be a sign of rheumatoid or reactive arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or articular rheumatism.

13. You should be wary if inflammation of your joints is combined with prolonged inflammation of the eyes, a sensation of itching or “sand” in the eyes. Such phenomena are often an additional symptom of reactive arthritis, or, less commonly, ankylosing spondylitis.

14. You should be wary if your joint inflammation is combined with your skin disease – psoriasis. Or if your next of kin gets psoriasis. In this case, joint inflammation may be due to psoriatic arthritis.

15. You should be wary if you have a clear weakness during your illness. Especially if, in addition, you have dramatically lost weight, despite the fact that your diet has not changed. Or if you have a sharp decrease in appetite or a clear change in eating habits during your illness. Such symptoms, coupled with severe weakness, are often a symptom of polymyalgia rheumatism or a complication of rheumatoid arthritis.

16. You should be wary if inflammation of the joints has been combined for a long time with chills or frequent “torrential sweat” – this combination is often the result of reactive or rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis or articular rheumatism (unless “torrential sweat” and chills are a consequence of menopause body restructuring).

17. You should be wary if inflammation of the joints is combined with abnormal discharge from the genital tract, or if the onset of the disease was preceded by a prolonged violation of the intestines (we are talking only about loose stools). Or if your joint damage is combined with inflammation of the skin of the feet, without itching, but with the formation of blisters and redness on the skin (of course, we are not talking about fungal infections of the feet – it is most often present with fungal infections). All of these symptoms can be a manifestation of reactive arthritis.

An article by Dr. Evdokimenko © for the book Arthritis, published in 2003.
Edited in 2011.
Все права защищены.

Arthrosis and arthritis – what is it. What is the difference between arthrosis and arthritis. Arthrosis and arthritis are diseases in which joint damage occurs. That is why, and also because of the consonance of the names, many people do not understand the difference between arthrosis and arthritis, and perceive them as something similar in nature. Meanwhile, arthrosis and arthritis are far from the same thing.

Signs of arthrosis (symptoms of arthrosis). Osteoarthritis most often affects the knee and hip joints, as well as the joints of the big toe. A little less often – the ankle joints and those joints of the fingers that are closer to the nails (distal interphalangeal joints).

Examinations required for differential diagnosis between arthritis and arthrosis. Clinical blood test, biochemical blood test and analysis for rheumatic tests, joint x-rays, X-rays of the sacroiliac joints, in some cases, spinal X-rays, radioisotope skeleton scans, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (CT or MRI).

Other causes of joint pain. Sore tendon pain. Pain with blockade or pinching of the joint. Joint pain due to circulatory disorders.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.

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