Arthritis Joints Hand Treatment

Arthritis can be treated in the initial stages, in order to avoid complications, you should immediately consult a doctor. The treatment of arthritis is complex, the appointment depends on the type, duration of the course, the presence of concomitant diseases.

Medication

Among the first appointments are painkillers. With severe pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed instead of the usual analgesics. To stop the destructive processes in the tissues of the joint, they are treated with antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs.

Pain and inflammation are reduced with the use of non-steroidal ointments, such as ibuprofen, diclofenac, voltaren. At the same time, chondroprotective drugs are prescribed to restore cartilage.

Self massage

It is useful to massage the brush, you can do the massage yourself.

  1. First, relax the hand, and then rub it well with the other hand.
  2. The hand being massaged lies motionless, completely not responding to the movements of the working hand.
  3. With a working hand they take a relaxed hand and make passive rotational movements with it in different directions.

Blockade

Medical blockade is a local injection of drugs into an inflamed joint. For the treatment of infectious arthritis, they resort to antibiotics, antiseptics, these drugs are injected directly into the affected joint. In most cases, the administration of drugs permanently reduces pain in the limb.

Physiotherapy

  • Infrared radiation
  • ultraviolet irradiation –
  • laser action
  • shock wave therapy method
  • electrophoresis of novocaine, antibiotics –
  • mud therapy
  • hydrotherapy-
  • magnetotherapy.

Physiotherapy

Physical therapy is resorted to after removing the acute form of arthritis. We recommend classes in the pool, the implementation of special complexes for the hands.

Surgery

Endoprosthetics – an operation to replace a destroyed joint, performed in cases of inconclusive treatment by other methods.

As a prophylaxis for this diagnosis, foods rich in vitamin E and antioxidants are recommended. Recommended vegetables, fruits, walnuts, salmon, liver, herring. A good remedy for arthritis is considered daily therapeutic exercises for the hands.

The course and characteristics of the disease depend on the state of the immune system, the severity of the deformation of the fingers. Possible circulatory disorders with destruction of the joint, the formation of osteoarthritis. On the other hand, there are cases of complete recovery.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Clinical picture of the disease

Wrist arthritis is a group of diseases of the hands, accompanied by inflammation, pain, changes in the appearance of the hands. Unlike arthrosis, the inflammatory process in arthritis is not localized only in the compound, but covers the entire body.

Reasons for the development of the disease

Based on the causes of the disease, several types of arthritis of the wrist joint are distinguished:

  1. Specific (caused by bacterial pathogens).
  2. Nonspecific (arising as a concomitant disease).
  3. Infectious-allergic (proceeds as an infectious disease in the stage of complication).
  4. Autoimmune (rheumatoid arthritis).
  5. Arthritis, developing due to metabolic disorders in the body.

In addition, arthritis can occur due to injuries, hypothermia of the compounds. Often becomes an occupational disease of builders, athletes, office workers. Due to overload of the wrist joint, microtraumas occur that contribute to the development of the disease.

With prolonged use of the computer, inflammation of the wrist joint may occur due to improper position of the hand. To avoid this, it is recommended that you use a silicone pad to support your wrists in the bend area.

The degrees of manifestation and the main symptoms of the disease

The development of arthritis is acute or chronic. Pain is the main symptom. Based on the expressed pain, 3 degrees of the development of the disease are distinguished:

I degree – easy. At this stage, the disease does not cause severe discomfort, the pain manifests itself in the morning, after long work, overload of the wrist joint.

II degree – medium. There are noticeable signs of inflammation, mobility is difficult, the pain becomes more permanent than with grade I.

III degree – heavy. The complete lack of mobility of the hands, pain and inflammation affects not only the wrist joint, but also other joints and internal organs. The same manifestations are observed in the acute stage, or during periods of exacerbation of the chronic.

For all stages of the disease, there are common, main symptoms of arthritis:

  • Wrist pain;
  • Inflammation, redness of the hands;
  • Swelling, swelling;
  • Limited movement;
  • Increase in internal body temperature;
  • Symptoms of other inflammatory diseases (conjunctivitis, cystitis).

Diagnosis of carpal arthritis

Depending on the etiology of the disease (causes), various examination methods are performed. After the initial examination and questioning of the patient, the doctor prescribes the necessary diagnostic methods:

  1. Ultrasound.
  2. Radiography.
  3. Blood test (general, biochemical).
  4. Arthroscopy

Magnetic resonance imaging of the wrist.

The main signs of arthritis (regardless of type) on an ultrasound scan:

  • Roughness of the synovial membrane of the articular cartilage;
  • The presence of inflammatory exudate (fluid);
  • The presence of cartilage degradation residues in the intraarticular fluid.

X-ray shows a narrowing of the joint space, a change in the bone structures of the joint.

The blood test contains all the signs of the inflammatory process throughout the body – an increase in ESR, an increase in globulin proteins, the appearance of immune protein complexes and C-reactive protein. With gouty arthritis, uric acid and its salts are found in the blood.

Rules for the treatment of wrist arthritis

Hand arthritis should be treated comprehensively. The doctor has several tasks at once:

  1. Removing inflammation and reducing pain.
  2. Restoration and protection of articular cartilage tissue.
  3. The return of mobility to the hands.

During treatment, the cause of the disease, the degree of development of arthritis of the wrist joint should be taken into account.

Effective Hand Arthritis Therapies

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin) are prescribed to relieve the inflammatory process and pain in the joints of the hands. Depending on the pathogen (virus, bacteria, fungus), specific treatment with antiviral, antifungal drugs and antibiotics is prescribed. The courses of treatment last no more than 10 days.

You can also see detailed information about the treatment of arthritis in this video:

After removing the inflammation and pain, chondroprotective courses are prescribed. Such preparations contain the necessary for the synthesis, regeneration of cartilage. They increase blood circulation in the area of ​​the affected arm, triggers metabolic processes in the tissue, thereby protecting and preventing the degradation of the cartilage of the joint.

Read the article:  Heel Diseases and Their Symptoms

In addition to drug treatment, physiotherapy, massage, physiotherapy exercises are conducted.

Treatment of an acute attack.

Strong, unbearable pain and a complete lack of mobility in the joint are the main manifestations of an acute attack of the disease. In this case, it is necessary to remove painful sensations as soon as possible. Cold compresses are applied to the hands, injections of corticostero />

A diseased compound is subject to immobilization – it is necessary to wear bandages and fixatives. At the time of the exacerbation of the disease, therapeutic exercises, massages, and physiotherapeutic procedures are stopped.

Treatment during remission.

After the relief of exacerbation and the onset of remission, courses of procedures and physiotherapy exercises continue. Massages with therapeutic ointments, mud and salt baths are carried out. A special diet is set containing all the substances necessary to stabilize the cartilage tissue. It is supposed to use vitamin and mineral complexes containing vitamins A, groups B, C, E, calcium, magnesium.

Compliance with all the rules prescribed by a doctor allows you to extend the periods of remission in the chronic course of the disease.

Traditional medicine

At home, it is possible to cook some folk recipes that are used to treat wrists affected by arthritis.

Recipe No. 1: Cabbage Juice Compress

Helps relieve inflammation and pain with arthritis, relieves limitation in the movement of the wrists. Warm, woolen cloth must be moistened in fresh cabbage juice and applied to the sore joint, insulated. It is necessary to keep such a compress from 4 to 6 hours, you can leave it overnight.

Recipe number 2: “Ural ointment”

To relieve pain in diseases of the hands using “Ural ointment”. It is not difficult to prepare it – mix 200 g of salt (not iodized) with 100 g of mustard powder, add the required amount of paraffin to obtain a creamy mass. Lubricate the wrist joint to relieve pain.

Recipe number 3: A decoction of herbs

As an aid in the treatment of arthritis, a decoction of herbs is used. In equal quantities, mix chamomile flowers, calendula, elderberry, nettle leaves and willow bark, pour hot water, bring to a boil. After strain and pour into a thermos. Such a decoction can be consumed 3-4 times a day, 1-2 glasses before a meal.

Recipe number 4: Tincture from the root of a fighter

Relieves inflammation and improves blood circulation in the wrist joint. Pour 100 g of dried fighter root into 1 liter of vodka, insist in a dark, warm place for 3 days. After the tincture becomes dark, you can use it to rub the sick compounds.

The root of a wrestler is a good painkiller. But do not forget that the wrestler’s poison is a very toxic alkaloids. Doctors do not recommend exceeding the prescribed dosage of drugs based on this herb.

Wrist Arthritis Prevention

Often, wrist arthritis develops in young people who spend a lot of time at the computer. With the first degree of the disease, the symptoms are mild, gradually develop and intensify at the age of 40-50 years.

Prevention of arthritis is much simpler than treatment, and consists of a few simple rules:

  1. Proper, balanced nutrition, containing all the necessary substances to maintain healthy joints (vitamins A, B, C, E, calcium, magnesium, hyaluronic acid, chondroitin).
  2. Periodic breaks for gymnastics and warm-up of the wrist joints during work (rotation, stretching, rubbing the hands).
  3. Protection of hands from hypothermia, injuries and damage (mittens, bandages).
  4. Timely treatment and prevention of colds, inflammatory diseases, which can cause the development of arthritis, as complications.

Conclusion

Arthritis of the wrist joint can be a serious problem in the life of any person. It becomes a cause of discomfort, reduces the quality of life, can cause concomitant diseases and cause a loss of working capacity. Proper and prompt treatment helps to quickly get rid of the symptoms and causes of the disease, restore health to hands.

Arthritis of the hand: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Arthritis is any inflammatory or degenerative lesion of the joints or joint. The most common rheumatoid, padagric, traumatic, bacterial arthritis, osteoarthritis, as well as arthritis caused by hormonal disorders or exposure to chemicals.

Hand Arthritis Concept

Arthritis of the hand refers to the type of rheumatoid arthritis that affects people and occurs 3 times more often in women than in males. The disease is characterized by varying degrees of pain, inflammation, swelling, as well as destruction of joint tissues.

The course of the disease is chronic with alternating periods of remission of exacerbation. In the absence of proper treatment, the disease progresses, and destruction can occur that deforms the joint, with a further loss of its function.

With rheumatoid arthritis, the joints of the fingers of the hands, knee, wrist, ankle and spine are most often affected. Pathogenesis consists in the circulation of immune complexes in the blood and the development of vasculitis of the synovial membrane and other organs in this regard. This leads to the development of persistent arthritis and joint destruction, the occurrence of systemic lesions of the connective tissue of blood vessels. Antigens are antigens of bacterial, viral, parasitic origin.

Causes

The main causes of arthritis include the following:

  1. Infectious diseases that have not been treated or have not been cured.
  2. Hand injury preceding the disease.
  3. Various types of overload caused by the costs of the profession.
  4. Various metabolic disorders caused by age-related changes or increased body weight.
  5. Strong constriction of blood vessels caused by hypothermia, in which there is a slowdown in blood speed and the development of inflammation of the synovial articular membrane.
  6. Low immunity.
  7. Hereditary predisposition.

Symptoms of the disease

There are several forms of the process: acute and chronic.

In the chronic form, the disease manifests itself with the involvement of the wrist, proximal interphalangeal joints of the hands. Any joints of the limbs can be affected.

The following symptoms are characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis:

  • Loss of full movement in the joints then most often manifests itself in the morning.
  • Pain, swelling of joints, hyperthermia of tissues with unchanged skin color.

A typical development of the disease begins with wave-like fluctuations in the severity of symptoms, a slow progression with the involvement of other joints. There are cases when rheumatoid arthritis begins with arthritis of a large joint, such as the knee.

In the acute onset of the disease, in addition to the above symptoms, high fever is observed in parallel with extra-articular manifestations – serositis, lymphadenopathy, carditis.

Diagnostics

A thorough diagnosis is the main guarantee for the effective treatment of arthritis of the hand. After examining the patient and establishing symptoms typical of the disease, the patient is assigned an X-ray examination of the joints and blood, urine and synovial fluid tests.

Blood undergoes a general analysis or biochemical (if necessary) to identify certain antibodies and rheumatoid factor. A urinalysis is also common, but to check the gouty form of arthritis, it is also checked for uric acid. Fluid inside the joint (synovial) is tested for infectious inclusions.

Treatment

Arthritis treatment measures include rational relaxation, switching to proper nutrition, and the absence of stressful situations and emotional stress.

Therapeutic exercise, local physiotherapy (baths of affected joints) are important. The patient needs to maintain maximum joint mobility and maintain muscle mass.

If infection is suspected, the patient is recommended to undergo antibiotic therapy. If necessary, cortisone or other steroid drugs are introduced into the most affected areas. Cortisone is not a panacea, its use is based on preventing the spread of inflammation, thereby reducing pain, swelling, and contributing to better joint control. A significant minus of the drug is the lack of influence on the process of inflammation. Improvements last as long as the drug is taken.

Salicyl sodium (salicylates) and aspirin are also used to relieve pain. The latter has found wider application due to its high efficiency, however, its excessive use leads to the development of adverse reactions.

Prevention

A preventive measure of negative effects on the joints of the hands is the following recommendations:

  1. Compliance with hygiene standards.
  2. Performing simple physical exercises for about 15 minutes.
  3. Joint protection against infectious inflammation.
  4. Increased attention to body temperature.
  5. Switching to a proper balanced diet (salt-free diet).

In the case of the slightest suspicion of arthritis or the occurrence of severe pain in the fingers, you should immediately contact a rheumatologist.

Consequences and complications

Due to chronic arthritis, serious complications may develop:

  • Violation of the integrity of the bones with subsequent destruction.
  • The development of amyloidosis.
  • Problems with blood formation.
Read the article:  Reactive arthritis - disease criteria, causes, symptoms and treatment

Frolic inflammatory process reduces bone density, contributing to their destruction, as well as permanent fractures with minor loads. The recovery process is very long, the formation of a false joint is possible.

Amyloidosis is a disease that occurs when a large amount of insoluble amyloid protein is deposited in the kidneys. This situation is not treatable and leads to renal failure.

In patients with arthritis, a failure in the hematopoietic system is observed over time, which is caused by the replacement of bone marrow with scar tissue. As a result, the concentration of blood cells decreases, which leads to irreversible consequences.

Clinical picture of the disease

Wrist arthritis is a group of diseases of the hands, accompanied by inflammation, pain, changes in the appearance of the hands. Unlike arthrosis, the inflammatory process in arthritis is not localized only in the compound, but covers the entire body.

Reasons for the development of the disease

Based on the causes of the disease, several types of arthritis of the wrist joint are distinguished:

  1. Specific (caused by bacterial pathogens).
  2. Nonspecific (arising as a concomitant disease).
  3. Infectious-allergic (proceeds as an infectious disease in the stage of complication).
  4. Autoimmune (rheumatoid arthritis).
  5. Arthritis, developing due to metabolic disorders in the body.

In addition, arthritis can occur due to injuries, hypothermia of the compounds. Often becomes an occupational disease of builders, athletes, office workers. Due to overload of the wrist joint, microtraumas occur that contribute to the development of the disease.

With prolonged use of the computer, inflammation of the wrist joint may occur due to improper position of the hand. To avoid this, it is recommended that you use a silicone pad to support your wrists in the bend area.

The degrees of manifestation and the main symptoms of the disease

The development of arthritis is acute or chronic. Pain is the main symptom. Based on the expressed pain, 3 degrees of the development of the disease are distinguished:

I degree – easy. At this stage, the disease does not cause severe discomfort, the pain manifests itself in the morning, after long work, overload of the wrist joint.

II degree – medium. There are noticeable signs of inflammation, mobility is difficult, the pain becomes more permanent than with grade I.

III degree – heavy. The complete lack of mobility of the hands, pain and inflammation affects not only the wrist joint, but also other joints and internal organs. The same manifestations are observed in the acute stage, or during periods of exacerbation of the chronic.

For all stages of the disease, there are common, main symptoms of arthritis:

  • Wrist pain;
  • Inflammation, redness of the hands;
  • Swelling, swelling;
  • Limited movement;
  • Increase in internal body temperature;
  • Symptoms of other inflammatory diseases (conjunctivitis, cystitis).

Diagnosis of carpal arthritis

Depending on the etiology of the disease (causes), various examination methods are performed. After the initial examination and questioning of the patient, the doctor prescribes the necessary diagnostic methods:

  1. Ultrasound.
  2. Radiography.
  3. Blood test (general, biochemical).
  4. Arthroscopy

Magnetic resonance imaging of the wrist.

The main signs of arthritis (regardless of type) on an ultrasound scan:

  • Roughness of the synovial membrane of the articular cartilage;
  • The presence of inflammatory exudate (fluid);
  • The presence of cartilage degradation residues in the intraarticular fluid.

X-ray shows a narrowing of the joint space, a change in the bone structures of the joint.

The blood test contains all the signs of the inflammatory process throughout the body – an increase in ESR, an increase in globulin proteins, the appearance of immune protein complexes and C-reactive protein. With gouty arthritis, uric acid and its salts are found in the blood.

Rules for the treatment of wrist arthritis

Hand arthritis should be treated comprehensively. The doctor has several tasks at once:

  1. Removing inflammation and reducing pain.
  2. Restoration and protection of articular cartilage tissue.
  3. The return of mobility to the hands.

During treatment, the cause of the disease, the degree of development of arthritis of the wrist joint should be taken into account.

Effective Hand Arthritis Therapies

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin) are prescribed to relieve the inflammatory process and pain in the joints of the hands. Depending on the pathogen (virus, bacteria, fungus), specific treatment with antiviral, antifungal drugs and antibiotics is prescribed. The courses of treatment last no more than 10 days.

You can also see detailed information about the treatment of arthritis in this video:

After removing the inflammation and pain, chondroprotective courses are prescribed. Such preparations contain the necessary for the synthesis, regeneration of cartilage. They increase blood circulation in the area of ​​the affected arm, triggers metabolic processes in the tissue, thereby protecting and preventing the degradation of the cartilage of the joint.

In addition to drug treatment, physiotherapy, massage, physiotherapy exercises are conducted.

Treatment of an acute attack.

Strong, unbearable pain and a complete lack of mobility in the joint are the main manifestations of an acute attack of the disease. In this case, it is necessary to remove painful sensations as soon as possible. Cold compresses are applied to the hands, injections of corticostero />

A diseased compound is subject to immobilization – it is necessary to wear bandages and fixatives. At the time of the exacerbation of the disease, therapeutic exercises, massages, and physiotherapeutic procedures are stopped.

Treatment during remission.

After the relief of exacerbation and the onset of remission, courses of procedures and physiotherapy exercises continue. Massages with therapeutic ointments, mud and salt baths are carried out. A special diet is set containing all the substances necessary to stabilize the cartilage tissue. It is supposed to use vitamin and mineral complexes containing vitamins A, groups B, C, E, calcium, magnesium.

Compliance with all the rules prescribed by a doctor allows you to extend the periods of remission in the chronic course of the disease.

Traditional medicine

At home, it is possible to cook some folk recipes that are used to treat wrists affected by arthritis.

Recipe No. 1: Cabbage Juice Compress

Helps relieve inflammation and pain with arthritis, relieves limitation in the movement of the wrists. Warm, woolen cloth must be moistened in fresh cabbage juice and applied to the sore joint, insulated. It is necessary to keep such a compress from 4 to 6 hours, you can leave it overnight.

Recipe number 2: “Ural ointment”

To relieve pain in diseases of the hands using “Ural ointment”. It is not difficult to prepare it – mix 200 g of salt (not iodized) with 100 g of mustard powder, add the required amount of paraffin to obtain a creamy mass. Lubricate the wrist joint to relieve pain.

Recipe number 3: A decoction of herbs

As an aid in the treatment of arthritis, a decoction of herbs is used. In equal quantities, mix chamomile flowers, calendula, elderberry, nettle leaves and willow bark, pour hot water, bring to a boil. After strain and pour into a thermos. Such a decoction can be consumed 3-4 times a day, 1-2 glasses before a meal.

Recipe number 4: Tincture from the root of a fighter

Relieves inflammation and improves blood circulation in the wrist joint. Pour 100 g of dried fighter root into 1 liter of vodka, insist in a dark, warm place for 3 days. After the tincture becomes dark, you can use it to rub the sick compounds.

The root of a wrestler is a good painkiller. But do not forget that the wrestler’s poison is a very toxic alkaloids. Doctors do not recommend exceeding the prescribed dosage of drugs based on this herb.

Wrist Arthritis Prevention

Often, wrist arthritis develops in young people who spend a lot of time at the computer. With the first degree of the disease, the symptoms are mild, gradually develop and intensify at the age of 40-50 years.

Prevention of arthritis is much simpler than treatment, and consists of a few simple rules:

  1. Proper, balanced nutrition, containing all the necessary substances to maintain healthy joints (vitamins A, B, C, E, calcium, magnesium, hyaluronic acid, chondroitin).
  2. Periodic breaks for gymnastics and warm-up of the wrist joints during work (rotation, stretching, rubbing the hands).
  3. Protection of hands from hypothermia, injuries and damage (mittens, bandages).
  4. Timely treatment and prevention of colds, inflammatory diseases, which can cause the development of arthritis, as complications.

Conclusion

Arthritis of the wrist joint can be a serious problem in the life of any person. It becomes a cause of discomfort, reduces the quality of life, can cause concomitant diseases and cause a loss of working capacity. Proper and prompt treatment helps to quickly get rid of the symptoms and causes of the disease, restore health to hands.

Morozov Georgiy

Rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases. Specialization: diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases and deformations of the musculoskeletal system.

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