Arthritis Ankle Symptoms Treatment

Arthritis is a disease of the joints of an inflammatory nature, which leads to their destruction and deformation, which is accompanied by pain, redness of the skin, swelling, limitation of mobility. Often affects small articular joints and ankles. The sooner treatment of ankle arthritis begins, the greater the chances of maintaining its function and avoiding disability.

Methods of therapy

Treatment is always carried out comprehensively and is aimed at relieving pain, inflammation, restoring cartilage and improving the quality of synovial fluid.

Therapy for ankle arthritis includes:

  • drug therapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • massage;
  • Exercise therapy;
  • diet therapy.

Folk remedies complement treatment and help speed up the rehabilitation process. If conservative measures do not give a positive result, surgical intervention is indicated.

On a note. Arthritis is diagnosed by a rheumatologist. He selects the optimal treatment regimen.

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Medication

In the acute period, the soft tissues of the joint are inflamed, a person feels severe pain that limits the mobility of the foot. Medicines eliminate the infection, relieve swelling, reduce pain. The doctor prescribes medications depending on the course of the disease, its nature (infectious or immune) and the clinical picture.

For treatment use the following tools:

  • antibacterial;
  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory;
  • cytostatics;
  • chondroprotectors;
  • muscle relaxants.

If the cause of ankle arthritis is an infection, antibiotics are prescribed. In the treatment of using:

  • tetracyclines (doxycycline);
  • macrolides (clarithromycin);
  • fluoroquinolones (Ofloxacin).

NSAIDs are used regardless of the cause of the disease. They are designed to eliminate the inflammatory process. Nonsteroidal drugs block the formation of prostaglandins, reduce swelling and eliminate pain.


NSAIDs are released in tablets, injectable solutions, ointments, suppositories. The best effect is achieved with intramuscular administration of the drug.

Cytostatics – drugs that suppress the immune activity of cells. They are the basis for the treatment of arthritis. These include: Methotrexate, Leflunomide, Cyclosporin.

The disease affects not only the soft tissues, the entire joint suffers. To restore cartilage, chondroprotectors are prescribed that stimulate their regeneration. (Arthra, Don, Alflutop, Teraflex).

Muscle relaxants relieve spasms of smooth muscles, improve blood circulation, reduce pain. They complement complex therapy. Doctors prescribe Midokalm, Sirdalud.

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy helps to speed up the healing process. They are prescribed in the subacute period, when pain is reduced and body temperature is normalized.

When arthritis is carried out:

  1. Magnetotherapy – the impact on the joint with a magnetic field. In this case, metabolic processes are launched and blood circulation improves.
  2. Laser therapy – the use of a ray of light that reduces swelling, starts the process of tissue regeneration.
  3. Ultraviolet irradiation – carried out using special lamps. Light destroys pathogenic microflora and bacteria, increases the body’s resistance to viruses.
  4. Electrophoresis – the impact on the joint with electrical impulses. The procedure is often combined with drugs that increase the therapeutic effect.
  5. Shock wave therapy (UHT) – the action of acoustic pulses. Treatment is carried out outs >
    The course of physiotherapy depends on the stage of the disease and ranges from 5 to 10 sessions. Physiotherapy can reduce the intake of NSAIDs, which negatively affect the gastrointestinal tract.

Massage

Doing massage treatments for exacerbation of arthritis is not recommended. Mechanical actions on inflamed tissues cause unbearable pain and aggravate the course of the disease.

Massage has a positive effect in remission:

  • improves blood circulation and trophic tissue;
  • strengthens smooth muscles;
  • speeds up the metabolism;
  • improves joint mobility.

Massaging begins with the calf muscles and gradually moves to the ankle joint. Then the toes, feet and only then the sore spot are worked out.

During massage use the following techniques:

  • stroking – soft and gentle action;
  • squeezing – stimulates blood circulation;
  • kneading – improves trophic tissue;
  • rubbing – has a warming effect, dilates blood vessels, removes toxic substances;
  • vibration – contributes to the outflow of venous blood, normalizes lymph circulation.

On a note. Massage can be combined with movements of small amplitude, while the patient is completely relaxed, and the massage therapist smoothly bends and extends the ankle joint.

Therapeutic exercise

Gymnastics helps restore joint mobility, strengthens muscles, improves blood flow. Charging is done during the rehabilitation period, when the inflammation is stopped by drugs.

There are many methods of therapeutic exercises. Bubnovsky’s training is very popular. According to the doctor, you can restore the joint by performing daily physical exercises. For these purposes, the doctor has developed special simulators.

Gymnastics can be done at home. Simple movements can be performed by any person, regardless of age.

  • rotate the foot clockwise and counterclockwise;
  • bend and unbend the joint, pull the socks towards you and in the opposite direction;
  • spread and squeeze toes;
  • sitting on a chair, tear your heels off the floor, resting on your fingers;
  • standing, do heel to toe rolls.

Perform each movement for 2-3 minutes. Over time, you can complicate the exercises, gradually increasing the load on the joint. Positive dynamics will appear in 2-3 weeks.

Treatment with folk remedies

Folk remedies complement the main therapy. For treatment, herbal infusions, compresses, rubbing and lotion are used. Anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects have:

  • Decoction of Hypericum herb. To prepare, take 40 grams of crushed raw materials and brew a glass of boiling water, after 3 hours strain and drink a tablespoon three times a day.
  • Tincture of calendula. A tablespoon of flowers pour 250 ml of boiling water, cool, strain. Drink a tablespoon before meals.
  • Yarrow tincture. To prepare it, pour 30 grams of herb with a glass of vodka. Place the container in a dark place for 2 weeks. After this, strain and take 20 drops before meals.
  • Decoction of Echinacea. Pour 50 grams of crushed roots with half a liter of hot water. Hold in a water bath for 30 minutes and cool. Take 2 tablespoons before meals.

Compresses help relieve inflammation and pain. For these purposes, you can use leaves of white cabbage, coltsfoot, nettle, burdock. Fresh and juicy plants are twisted in a meat grinder, applied to gauze, applied to the ankle joint and wrapped with a film.


Warming up the ankle in the acute stage is strictly prohibited. Heat improves blood microcirculation, spreads the infection throughout the body, and contributes to the progression of the inflammatory process. After elimination of edema and antibacterial treatment, hot compresses improve metabolic processes, help tissue regeneration and joint restoration. You can apply sifted sand or salt, heated in a pan to 50 degrees, make applications of wax and ozokerite.

On a note. Fir oil has a good effect on arthritis, which is rubbed with massage movements into a heated joint (before applying, attach a bag of warm salt).

The treatment of ankle arthritis depends on the severity of damage to the soft tissues, bone joints and cartilage. The higher the degree of the disease, the longer and more difficult the treatment takes. Arthritis provokes the development of arthrosis. If the process is started and conservative measures do not bring results, an operation to replace the joint is performed. It is important to recognize the symptoms of the disease in time, go through the diagnosis and begin complex treatment.

Symptoms and features of the treatment of ankle arthritis

Causes of appearance

The main reasons for the development of pathology include traumatic injuries in combination with unfavorable bacterial microflora. An improper nutrition of the patient also has an important role in the development of the disease – deposits of uric acid salts only aggravate the situation.

Certain autoimmune diseases can also cause the disease:

  • rheumatoid, in which antibodies are synthesized that destroy inter-articular tissues;
  • gout – due to deposition of urea salts;
  • infectious diseases of the intestine and reproductive system, which gradually spread to interarticular tissues;
  • flat feet – in this case, the load on the lower leg and foot is distributed unevenly, which inevitably leads to inflammation.

The main types of ankle arthritis

With arthritis of the ankle joint, patients have one of the following forms of the disease:

    gouty arthritis of the foot – as a result of metabolic disturbances in the ankle, uric ac >

Symptoms and signs

One of the first signs of starting acute arthritis of the ankle joint is swelling: the patient’s ankle is swollen, it hurts a lot, after pressing the fingers there is a noticeable deepening on the surface of the skin. Later, the temperature of the skin in the region of the ankle rises, the pain sensations noticeably increase. Remarkably, such arthritis causes pain only in the ankle joint area.

Symptoms of arthritis are most pronounced in the attack stage:

  • the patient complains of constant acute pain, which also intensifies with movement;
  • the skin at the site of inflammation reddens and swells;
  • ankle mobility is impaired.

If the treatment of arthritis of the ankle joint is not carried out, the symptoms gradually disappear, and treatment, as such, does not seem to be necessary. In fact, the ailment simply goes into a chronic form, the danger of which is that after a few years the cartilage tissue will completely collapse.

Forecast

Provided that the patient adheres to all the doctor’s recommendations regarding drug treatment, diet for arthritis and physical procedures, the prognosis for him is usually always favorable. It will be possible to cure arthritis of the ankle joint if the doctor prescribes treatment correctly, and the ankle itself is completely immobilized in order to minimize the load.

Another important point for the successful treatment of arthritis or arthrosis of the ankle joint is the selection and wearing of the right orthopedic shoes, which correctly distributes the load when walking.

Treatment

The choice of how to treat ankle arthritis will depend entirely on what form of the disease is diagnosed in the patient. To relieve the patient of arthritis, for starters it is important to provide the ankle with complete rest.

Arthritis of the ankle joint – no matter what symptoms prevail – requires complex treatment, including medicinal ointments, warming creams, dieting and moderate exercise.

Medical methods

When the diagnosis is final, the doctor prescribes the patient a complex of anti-inflammatory drugs, antipyretic and painkillers, vitamin complex formulations. In addition, physical procedures, taking chondroprotectors, and taking healing compresses are shown to patients.

Folk methods

Medicinal decoctions are actively used from folk remedies: 3 teaspoons of dried elderberry leaves are poured with one glass of boiling water, and kept in a water bath for about twenty minutes. The cooled composition is taken orally in small sips, at least eight times a day.

It is important to remember that our health is wholly and completely in our hands. No matter how diligent your attending physician may be, if the patient himself is frivolous about therapy, success becomes unlikely. Carefully follow the signals that the body sends you, react to the slightest change in your condition, and then any problem will be nothing to you. After all, everyone knows that the success of therapeutic measures depends largely on the timeliness of treatment. Be healthy!

Video “Symptoms and treatment of arthritis”

From this video you will learn about the symptoms that arthritis has and how to treat it.

Symptoms and treatment of ankle arthritis. Chronic form

Joint joints of the lower limb are constantly exposed to increased stress and are under pressure from body mass. The foot of a person makes numerous movements during the day. These factors predispose to a disease called arthritis of the ankle joint, the symptoms and treatment of which we will consider in more detail.

The cause of the pathology is the inflammatory process, it is certainly accompanied by pain, sometimes strong and constant, sometimes periodic.

The process is acute and chronic. If the treatment of arthritis of the ankle joint is carried out untimely or ineffectively, this can lead to difficulties with walking, deformation and a change in the shape of the foot. A neglected disease becomes not only a medical, but also a social problem, leading to disability.

If arthritis of the ankle occurs, treatment should not be delayed for a long time. Otherwise, there is a destruction of the articular surfaces, and the patient is threatened with ankylosis – the immobility of the diseased joint. The adjacent muscles undergo atrophy, and walking becomes a difficult process.

Causes of Ankle Arthritis

Among the reasons, the following can be distinguished:

  • Infectious diseases. This includes bacterial and viral infections, as well as rheumato />symptoms and treatment are in the department of the infectious disease specialist. Often, joint damage appears after the flu, sore throat, then the disease is called non-specific arthritis.
  • Dystrophic disorders caused by menopause, osteochondrosis. Recently, it is believed that this joint pathology should be classified as arthrosis, since inflammation is not the basis for the development of an ailment.
  • Injuries to the joint or adjacent tissues.
  • Autoimmune processes, when antibody production occurs against the joint’s own tissues, this occurs in ankylosing spondylitis, scleroderma.
  • Exchange disorders (psoriasis, gout).

Acute arthritis often begins with a lesion of the synovial membranes – synovitis, which by the nature of the effusion can be serous, fibrinous and purulent (or putrid). Subsequently, inflammation spreads to all elements of the joint – cartilage, membranes, articular ligaments.

The provoking factors in the development of arthritis are:

  • Hypothermia of the body;
  • women’s love for high heels;
  • hormonal changes;
  • flat feet;
  • obesity.

Symptoms

The primary signs of ankle arthritis can be recognized as follows:

  • It becomes difficult for a person to bend and unbend a leg in a joint. You can try a simple test: with your hand, pull your foot towards the lower leg, then try to bend your leg harder in the opposite direction. Soreness suggests that it is time to begin treatment of ankle arthritis, the treatment is prescribed by a doctor individually, depending on the type and causes of the disease.
  • Discomfort when putting on shoes. Symptom suggests that there is swelling in the ankle. Visually determined thickening in the ankle joint, deformation of the foot.

In acute inflammation, signs certainly appear:

  • Soreness in the lower part of one or both ankles;
  • Swelling of the joint. If you press your finger on this area, a small depression in the skin will appear.
  • Redness of the skin and local increase in temperature – the area of ​​inflammation becomes hot to the touch.
  • Disturbance of health, hyperthermia.

Arthritis pain is more worrying for a person at night and in the morning. After several active movements, the intensity of pain decreases (the so-called inflammatory nature of pain).

Chronic arthritis

Consider the chronic form of the disease “arthritis of the ankle joint”, symptoms and treatment of the disease.

The photo shows the concavity of the Achilles tendon with arthritis

If acute arthritis is reversible and most often, with adequate treatment, joint function is restored, then the chronic process tends to constantly progress. It is accompanied by changes in the ankle, deformation, contractures, subluxations appear.

First, a person spares a sore leg and tries not to step on the foot. In the advanced stage, ankylosis of the joint occurs, that is, complete immobility and it is associated with proliferative and fibrous overlays in the joint cavity. Occasionally, pathological joint mobility associated with the destruction of bone tissue is found.

The course of the chronic process is very variable, a prolonged development of the disease is possible. In this case, arthritis gradually turns into arthrosis. Sometimes walking difficulties are so severe that they lead to disability.

Treatment

When ankle arthritis is diagnosed, treatment begins with conservative methods. First of all, the patient is provided with complete rest and a minimum load on the foot. The application of an elastic bandage, dry heat on the affected area is recommended. Benefits will come from a diet that restricts salted, smoked, canned, and nightshade crops. When moving, use a cane to reduce the load on the leg.

If ankle arthritis is detected, treatment is aimed at relieving pain and reducing inflammation. For this, the following drugs are used:

  1. Anti-inflammatory non-selective medicines (NSAIDs). Non-selective drugs of this group include Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen, Naproxen. Although the drugs of this group have a quick analgesic effect, patients should be carefully monitored – blood tests, gastroscopy to prevent damage to the digestive tract. When they are used, drugs that protect the mucous membrane – Omeprazole, are used.
  2. Selective NSAIDs are milder and do not have such strong side effects. These include meloxicam, celecoxib. They have a strong analgesic and anti-inflammatory property, but less injure the digestive system. When treating ankle arthritis, it is better to start drug treatment with selective NSAIDs.
  3. Hormonal drugs are used for the autoimmune nature of the disease. It is allowed to use them with severe inflammation, in this case, medications are prescribed for a short course in combination with NSAIDs. Hormones are also used for intraarticular administration.
  4. Antibiotics. Their appointment for arthritis is justified if the disease is caused by bacterial flora, both banal and specific. Treatment is carried out after determining the sensitivity to a particular medication.
  5. Muscle relaxants are drugs that relieve painful muscle spasm. It is known that any pain is accompanied by a protective reaction from the muscles. This helps to avoid excessive pressure on the affected area and protect the joint from destruction. Muscle relaxants relax skeletal muscles, reduce pain and improve blood circulation in the affected area.
  6. Chondroprotectors are agents that help restore damaged cartilage tissue and prevent further destruction of the joints. The effect will be noticeable after a few months of taking them.
  7. Vitamins help the production of collagen and regulate the metabolism in the joint cavity.

You have already received basic knowledge about a disease such as arthritis of the ankle joint, its symptoms and treatment, photos of patients will help complete the picture.

Symptoms and features of the treatment of ankle arthritis

Causes of appearance

The main reasons for the development of pathology include traumatic injuries in combination with unfavorable bacterial microflora. An improper nutrition of the patient also has an important role in the development of the disease – deposits of uric acid salts only aggravate the situation.

Certain autoimmune diseases can also cause the disease:

  • rheumatoid, in which antibodies are synthesized that destroy inter-articular tissues;
  • gout – due to deposition of urea salts;
  • infectious diseases of the intestine and reproductive system, which gradually spread to interarticular tissues;
  • flat feet – in this case, the load on the lower leg and foot is distributed unevenly, which inevitably leads to inflammation.

The main types of ankle arthritis

With arthritis of the ankle joint, patients have one of the following forms of the disease:

    gouty arthritis of the foot – as a result of metabolic disturbances in the ankle, uric ac >

Symptoms and signs

One of the first signs of starting acute arthritis of the ankle joint is swelling: the patient’s ankle is swollen, it hurts a lot, after pressing the fingers there is a noticeable deepening on the surface of the skin. Later, the temperature of the skin in the region of the ankle rises, the pain sensations noticeably increase. Remarkably, such arthritis causes pain only in the ankle joint area.

Symptoms of arthritis are most pronounced in the attack stage:

  • the patient complains of constant acute pain, which also intensifies with movement;
  • the skin at the site of inflammation reddens and swells;
  • ankle mobility is impaired.

If the treatment of arthritis of the ankle joint is not carried out, the symptoms gradually disappear, and treatment, as such, does not seem to be necessary. In fact, the ailment simply goes into a chronic form, the danger of which is that after a few years the cartilage tissue will completely collapse.

Forecast

Provided that the patient adheres to all the doctor’s recommendations regarding drug treatment, diet for arthritis and physical procedures, the prognosis for him is usually always favorable. It will be possible to cure arthritis of the ankle joint if the doctor prescribes treatment correctly, and the ankle itself is completely immobilized in order to minimize the load.

Another important point for the successful treatment of arthritis or arthrosis of the ankle joint is the selection and wearing of the right orthopedic shoes, which correctly distributes the load when walking.

Treatment

The choice of how to treat ankle arthritis will depend entirely on what form of the disease is diagnosed in the patient. To relieve the patient of arthritis, for starters it is important to provide the ankle with complete rest.

Arthritis of the ankle joint – no matter what symptoms prevail – requires complex treatment, including medicinal ointments, warming creams, dieting and moderate exercise.

Medical methods

When the diagnosis is final, the doctor prescribes the patient a complex of anti-inflammatory drugs, antipyretic and painkillers, vitamin complex formulations. In addition, physical procedures, taking chondroprotectors, and taking healing compresses are shown to patients.

Folk methods

Medicinal decoctions are actively used from folk remedies: 3 teaspoons of dried elderberry leaves are poured with one glass of boiling water, and kept in a water bath for about twenty minutes. The cooled composition is taken orally in small sips, at least eight times a day.

It is important to remember that our health is wholly and completely in our hands. No matter how diligent your attending physician may be, if the patient himself is frivolous about therapy, success becomes unlikely. Carefully follow the signals that the body sends you, react to the slightest change in your condition, and then any problem will be nothing to you. After all, everyone knows that the success of therapeutic measures depends largely on the timeliness of treatment. Be healthy!

Video “Symptoms and treatment of arthritis”

From this video you will learn about the symptoms that arthritis has and how to treat it.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.

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