Ankle sprain compresses

Compresses when stretching the ankle improve blood circulation and tissue trophism at the lesion site, accelerate the regeneration of damaged ligament microfibres.

The content of the article:
  1. With clay powder
  2. With garlic
  3. With potatoes
  4. With lemon juice
  5. With barberry
  6. With cabbage leaf and vodka
  7. Useful video
  8. Trays for rupture of muscles of the ligamentous apparatus
  9. Ointment treatment with ointments
  10. With propolis
  11. With hop cones
  12. Useful video
  13. Results
  14. How to make an compress on the ankle with stretching and dislocation of the leg
  15. Ligament structure
  16. Signs of ankle sprain
  17. Alcohol compresses
  18. Dry compresses
  19. Types of treatment for ankle sprain
  20. How to treat ankle sprain at home
  21. Symptoms and consequences of damage to the ankle ligaments
  22. Conservative treatment
  23. Stillness and peace
  24. Cold exposure
  25. Dimexidum treatment
  26. Ointment
  27. How to bandage the ankle joint
  28. Actions in the presence of a hematoma
  29. Traditional medicine
  30. Cabbage treatment
  31. Clay powder treatment
  32. Vodka treatment
  33. Potato treatment
  34. Propolis treatment
  35. Therapeutic exercises for injuries of the ankle
  36. Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
  37. What can not be done with an ankle injury
  38. Healing time
  39. How to anesthetize
  40. Laundry soap
  41. Types of treatment for ankle sprain
  42. Signs of ankle sprain
  43. Treatment of sprains with folk remedies
  44. First aid
  45. Home Treatment
  46. Badyaga
  47. Onion
  48. Potatoes
  49. Garlic
  50. Elder
  51. Laundry soap
  52. How to treat ankle sprain at home?
  53. Main indications
  54. First aid
  55. What kind of home treatment is needed for sprained ankles?
  56. Effective ointments
  57. Firming baths
  58. Compresses and lotions
  59. Preparations
  60. Exercise Exercise and Massage
  61. How to treat ankle sprain at home?
  62. Causes of damage
  63. Treatment of pathology
  64. Ligament restoration using traditional medicine recipes
  65. Inadmissible errors in the treatment of pathology

With clay powder

Clay is an effective traditional medicine for the treatment of diseases of the muscles and joints. With regular application of compresses with clay powder, the patient is diagnosed with a decrease in inflammation in the ankle, the disappearance of swelling and hematomas.

Blue, blue, green or red clay is applied to the sprain, diluted with water to the consistency of thick sour cream. Doctors also recommend using massage oil instead of water. The mixture must be applied to the ankle, wrapped with compress paper and wrapped in a warm blanket. Clay compresses are recommended to be changed every 2,5 to 3 hours. With the systematic use of clay compresses, the pain disappears after 12 hours, and the tumor subsides by 4 days. It is possible to reduce the number of compresses applied only after the swelling has resorbed in the ankle area. After 7 – 12 days, it is recommended to start the procedures for warming the ankle in warm clay baths.

To improve blood circulation and accelerate the rehabilitation process, you need to use a compress based on clay, vinegar and garlic. Clay powder in an amount of 50 gr. dilute in a liter of water. Stir the mixture until a homogeneous consistency is obtained. Add 5 tablespoons of table vinegar (preferably apple) and 1 clove of chopped garlic. Dampen a bandage folded in several layers in the resulting solution and fix it on the stretch area. Keep compress for at least 3 hours. The course of treatment is 5 days.

With garlic

Garlic is a folk remedy for combating ankle sprain, pain and inflammation. The combination of garlic with eucalyptus oil provides a pronounced analgesic effect. To make a compress, you need to mix 1 tablespoon of garlic juice and 5 drops of eucalyptus essential oil. Soak gauze with this solution and apply to the place of stretching. Repeat the procedure after drying the gauze. The course of treatment 3-4 times a day, duration – 7 days.

To effectively eliminate pain and heal microfibres of the ankle ligaments, you can use a folk remedy based on garlic, vodka and apple cider vinegar. Please note that this type of compress is used only in the absence of microtrauma, cuts and abrasions on the skin. To prepare the product, it is necessary to pour 0,5 whole heads of garlic in apple cider vinegar (2 l.). Add a glass of vodka and leave to infuse for 2 weeks. Periodically, the product must be shaken. Store in a cool place. After the specified period, add 5-6 drops of eucalyptus essential oil to the tincture and shake thoroughly. Moisten the prepared bandage in the resulting mixture and attach to the ankle. It is recommended to change the dressing immediately after partial drying. The course of treatment is 7 days.

With potatoes

In the treatment of ankle sprains, folk remedies based on potato are effective. Put gruel from raw grated potatoes onto gauze and attach to a sore spot. The application is fixed on the joint with a gauze bandage. The bandage can be left overnight. To speed up the regeneration of muscle fibers, chopped potatoes need to add 2 teaspoons of cabbage leaf juice, onion juice and 1 teaspoon of granulated sugar. Mix the mixture and apply to the affected ligament of the ankle.

With lemon juice

Lemon juice is a folk remedy that improves blood circulation, which leads to a rapid decrease in inflammation in the tissues after sprain. To prepare a compress, squeeze the juice of one lemon onto a dressing made of several layers of gauze. Fix the compress on the damaged joint. Keep no more than 1 hour. The course of repetition is daily for 5 days.

With barberry

It is necessary to dry and grind the branches, bark and root of barberry in advance. Tannins, alkaloids and vitamins contained in barberry have a pronounced anti-inflammatory and decongestant effect. Pour a glass of fresh milk into a small saucepan (you can use spring water) and 200 gr. crushed raw barberry. Bring the mixture to a boil and simmer for 20 minutes. Cool to room temperature. Blot the prepared bandage in the resulting solution and apply to the place of stretching. This folk remedy can be filtered and taken orally by 1 tablespoon before eating. The combination of external and internal reception will speed up the rehabilitation process.

With cabbage leaf and vodka

Alcohol improves blood circulation, accelerating tissue repair processes. Cabbage leaf eliminates swelling of the tissues and reduces pain during stretching of the leg ligament. For cooking, you need to soak the cabbage leaf in 300 ml. vodka. Leave on for 15 minutes and attach to the ankle. Wrap the leg with foil and wrap a towel or blanket. Keep the product for no more than 1 hour. Repeat once a day. The course of treatment is 1 days.

Useful video

From the video you will learn the rules for making a compress from soap, water and egg yolk. Features of the use of folk remedies with hot milk and the rules for applying iodine mesh.

Trays for rupture of muscles of the ligamentous apparatus

Foot baths have a pronounced analgesic, soothing and anti-inflammatory effect. To restore the health of the injured leg after sprain, you can use the raw materials of chamomile, plantain, peppermint, calendula and a string of raw materials. First you need to prepare a decoction of healing herbs and add it to warm water (in the ratio of 1 part of the decoction and 3 parts of water). Warm up the ankle for 20–25 minutes. After the procedure, it is recommended to wipe the leg dry and wrap it with a towel or woolen blanket.

What can be added to the foot bath when stretching the ankle:

  • a decoction of black elderberry with the addition of soda in the proportions of 1 part elderberry and 3 parts of water;
  • essential oils of orange, geranium, juniper, lemon, rose, chamomile, bergamot;
  • a decoction of geranium leaves (3 tablespoons of water per 6 liters of water).

Ointment treatment with ointments

With propolis

To quickly restore the functionality of the damaged leg, eliminate hematomas and pain, you can use a folk remedy in the form of an ointment based on propolis. Grind 15 gr. propolis and mix it with 100 gr. petroleum jelly. Constantly stirring to warm the mixture in a water bath for 15 minutes. Cool the resulting folk remedy to room temperature. Apply 2-3 mm. on the affected joint 5-6 times a day.

Please note that when completely cooled, the ointment hardens. Before applying, it is necessary to heat the ointment in a microwave.

With hop cones

Hops have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Folk remedy from hops can be used for sprains of the ankle, which is accompanied by trauma to the skin. With regular application of ointment to the injured leg, the patient notes a pronounced analgesic property, restoration of leg mobility after 6-7 procedures. To prepare the ointment, grind 200 gr. hop cones until a homogeneous powdery consistency is obtained. Grind the powder with 1 tablespoon of butter (not ghee). Apply at least 3 times a day to the affected area. Store ointment in the refrigerator.

Useful video

From the video you will learn the recipe for a compress of flour and salt, the basic rules and features of fixing this folk remedy on the affected joint.


With the wrong approach to alternative treatment of ligaments with ankle sprain, the patient aggravates the inflammatory process, exacerbates the pain syndrome and prolongs the rehabilitation period.

What can not be done:

  • apply pure alcohol to the injured ankle with open wounds or ulcers;
  • use dry warming with salt or hot baths in the first 3 days after sprain;
  • intensively massage or rub the ligamentous apparatus of the ankle;
  • use folk remedies for tearing ligaments of the 3rd degree.

It is recommended to use folk remedies for sprains of the ankle only in combination with medication. You can read more about the treatment of the ankle joint in the article “Sprains and torn ligaments of the lower leg – treatment methods from a practitioner.

The optimal treatment regimen:

  1. taking anti-inflammatory drugs in tablet form 1-2 times a day;
  2. applying compresses or ointments of alternative medicine;
  3. 4 days after stretching, warm the ankle in the baths with the addition of anti-inflammatory components;
  4. 5-6 days after the start of treatment with folk remedies, proceed to massage the ankle.

How to make an compress on the ankle with stretching and dislocation of the leg

Almost every person once stumbled, twisted his leg or hit hard with his foot. Injuries received through negligence do not cause a turbulent clinical picture, therefore, with rare injuries of the ankle joint, they rarely seek medical help. They can be treated independently. Ointments and special compresses will quickly cure ankle sprains at home.

Most often, local anti-inflammatory drugs are used to treat soft tissue injuries of the ankle. If you apply this type of treatment for a fracture or rupture of a ligament, rehabilitation will last tens of times longer.

That is why understanding the pathogenesis of trauma and adequate timely diagnosis is the key to a quick recovery.

Ligament structure

From a histological point of view, a tendon is a bundle of collagen fibers that are located close to each other. Between them, single fibroblasts, a small number of fibrocytes and an amorphous substance are visible.

The ligament or tendon has a clear structure, consisting of bundles of different orders:

  1. The first is only collagen fiber.
  2. The second – several bundles of collagen fibers surrounded by a thin layer of endothelium (loose connective tissue).
  3. Third – several second-order bundles surrounded by a thick endothelium.

With sprain, the histological structure of the third order is injured. In this case, the integrity of the cells themselves is disturbed minimally. That is, the fibers of the first and partial second order are preserved, which allows you to restore the integrity of the fibers of the third.

The basis of treatment for ankle sprain is rest for an injured leg for full rehabilitation and restoration of foot function.

Signs of ankle sprain

In the diagnosis of ankle injury, the main role is played by objective examination and instrumental research methods. An objective examination is carried out by a traumatologist or surgeon, who, if necessary, prescribes instrumental studies.

Data of an objective examination of the patient:

  • The leg is painful only with movement, exertion or pressure.
  • The skin is hot at the site of injury.
  • Redness is noted.
  • Ankle joint is edematous (edema is “hard”, palpation does not leave dimples).
  • Impaired function in the ankle joint in one of the planes (horizontal or vertical).

In the presence of three of the five signs, you can safely make a preliminary diagnosis and prescribe an additional examination:

  • X-ray.
  • CT or MRI.
  • Ultrasound, if you need to evaluate the quality of blood circulation in the vessels of the foot and lower leg.
  • Consult a neurologist to >

Compresses while stretching the ankle ligaments help in restoring the integrity of collagen fibers. Some of them have a reflex effect, some are exclusively anti-inflammatory.

Of course, preference is given to complex fees, but here you should be very careful.

Important! Compresses aimed at warming and improving blood circulation at the site of injury are strictly contraindicated during the first 3 days after an injury.

In the early days, rest and anti-inflammatory compresses are needed.

Compresses in the first three days after an injury:

  • Apply an aqueous 75% Diclofenac solution to the skin at the site of injury. Cover the skin with gauze and polyethylene. Leave for 2 hours.
  • In an aqueous solution of Analgin, Dimexide and Prednisolone, moisten gauze and apply to the site of injury until dry.

If there is damage to the skin, it is necessary to apply a local antiseptic and antimicrobial drug.

The drug Iodinol is very popular. This drug has not only an antimicrobial effect, but also, when in contact with blood, turns into foam, pushing pollution out of the wound.

Alcohol compresses

A compress of vodka during ankle sprain can be done only 72 hours after the injury. It is advisable not to apply this type of treatment in the presence of open wounds at the site of damage.

You can use moonshine as the basis of an alcohol compress on the ankle. Fusel oils, which are part of homemade alcohol, perfectly affect the recovery of collagen fibers.

  • Moisten gauze folded 10-16 times with alcohol. Attach to the site of injury and leave to dry.
  • Soak the cabbage leaf in alcohol for 10-15 minutes. Attach the sheet to the injury site, secure with polyethylene and hold for 4-5 hours. Cabbage has an anti-inflammatory agent, and alcohol only enhances the penetration of the active substance into the tissues.

Alcohol compresses for the ankle have an excellent analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. They can be used for rheumatoid arthritis, arthrosis, dislocations, various tears and tears of muscles and ligaments. Due to the expansion of small vessels, cells receive nutrition and begin to recover faster.

Dry compresses

Salt treatment of the ankle joints is effective for chronic inflammatory diseases of a non-specific etiology. Typically, such conditions occur after untreated injury, bruise, and surgery to remove the tumor (hygroma).

To make a dry compress, you need to heat the salt and pour it into a bag or towel collected in a knot. Apply to a painful place until the salt cools.

It is immediately worth noting that the use of exclusively compresses for the treatment of ankle sprain is absolutely ineffective. An adequate treatment requires an integrated approach.

Types of treatment for ankle sprain

There are 2 treatments for sprain:

The basis of the general method of treatment of the ankle is the use of:

  • Common anti-inflammatory drugs (Diclofenac, Ibuprofen or Nimesil).
  • The use of drugs Glucosamine, Chondroitin and Collagen in the form of tablets.
  • The use of folk remedies.

Local ankle treatment:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs, external use (Indovazin gel, Indomethacin ointment, Diclofenac gel).
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs (v / m Diclofenac, s / c solution of prednisolone).
  • Compresses on a sore foot.
  • Local traditional medicine.

An important role in the full restoration of foot function is played by adequate physical activity. Without it, rehabilitation will be long and ineffective.

Only following all the doctor’s recommendations and an integrated approach to the treatment of sprains will help to quickly restore his mobility and lead an active lifestyle.

How to treat ankle sprain at home

Stretching the ankle joint can frustrate all plans and cause the patient to spend several days in bed. But this period can be significantly reduced if you begin to take measures to recover as soon as possible.

Symptoms and consequences of damage to the ankle ligaments

With an ankle injury, there is both a common symptom and characteristic for a certain type of injury:

  • Sharp pain;
  • Swelling of the joint;
  • Instability of the ankle;
  • Bruising.
  • Inability to step on an injured leg (characteristic of tearing ligaments);
  • The appearance of a hematoma.

If the injury turned out to be minor, then its consequences will not be so serious. This can lead to a tendency of the joint to new injuries. A more serious injury can subsequently lead to constant pain, impaired mobility, and even arthritis or arthrosis.

degree of sprain

Conservative treatment

Stillness and peace

This is the first thing that needs to be provided to the patient after receiving an injury. If possible, lay or simply seat the person. Fix the lower leg with an elastic bandage. These measures must be observed in the next few days until a person can move independently.

Cold exposure

During the first 2-3 days, you can use cold compresses. The sooner you start to do this, the greater the chances of not only relieving acute pain about the edema, but also avoiding the unpleasant consequences of an injury like hemarthrosis (joint hemorrhage).

As cold compresses, you can use a heating pad filled with ice, vegetables from the freezer, wrapped in a towel or a hypothermic package for first aid.

One procedure should last 15-20 minutes and can be repeated every 2 hours.

Cold exposure

Dimexidum treatment

When you can no longer use the cold, you can go to dimexidum. This medicine has an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. But you cannot use it in its pure form. This will lead to an ankle burn. Therefore, prepare a 30% solution using 3 parts of the medicine and 7 parts of water.

Add diclofenac to the compress. This non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug will enhance the effect of Dimexidum.

For the compress you will need:

  • 50 ml 30% solution of dimixide;
  • 3 ml diclofenac (1 ampoule).

Before using the compress, test for an allergic reaction by dropping a little solution on your wrist or elbow. If within 30 minutes there is no bruising or redness, the product can be used.

Take cheesecloth, folded 4 times, and soak it with the prepared solution. Press the tissue to the affected area and wrap everything with cling film. It is advisable to add a warm blanket on top. Leave the compress for 20-30 minutes.

Repeat the procedure up to 2 times a day. The course of treatment should not exceed 10 days.


There are 4 types of ointments that are used for injuries: cooling, warming, painkillers and anti-inflammatory. At different stages of recovery, a different ointment is required, only the doctor will help to choose the right one.

Effective ointments for sprains
Cooling Efkamon. Sosav: menthol, eucalyptus oil, camphor, methyl salicylate. Apply in the first 2 days.

Gevkamen. Ingredients: menthol, eucalyptus oil and clove flower extract. Apply in the first 2 days.

Warming up Finalgon. A two-component drug based on nicoboxyl and nonivamide. The effect lasts up to 5 hours.

Apizartron. Active substances: bee venom extract, methyl salicylate and alisothiocyanate. The effect occurs a minute after application and lasts up to 2 hours.

Painkillers Ketonal. Made on the basis of ketoprofen. Effectively eliminates even severe pain.

Diclofenac. Made on the basis of diclofenac sodium. Cope with severe pain. Partially eliminates puffiness.

Anti-inflammatory It’s long. Made on the basis of ibuprofen. The effect of the application occurs quickly enough and lasts up to 4 hours.

Voltaren. Made on the basis of diclofenac diethylamine. Compatible with other anti-inflammatory drugs.

How to bandage the ankle joint

In order to apply a bandage, you need to take a bandage or a scarf, if nothing else is at hand. It is better to use the eight-shaped winding technique, it will fix the joint well and will not slip.

Take a 7 cm wide bandage and wrap it several times over your ankle. Now grasp them on the back of the foot and the sole. Then the bandage is placed on the rise of the foot, again wraps the back side of the leg and again goes to the rise and under the sole. Thus, you should get a few eights around the ankle joint.

bandage on the ankle

Actions in the presence of a hematoma

If a hematoma appears after an ankle joint injury, it is also worth using cooling compresses, rest and ointments. But when more than 48 hours pass, the compress can be made warm so that accelerated blood flow can reduce inflammation. In addition, it also relieves pain.

In addition, after a couple of days, you can add light isotonic exercises. This means that you can briefly and slightly reduce muscle at the site of injury. It also contributes to increased blood flow and a speedy recovery.

Traditional medicine

Treatment at home allows the use of not only conservative, but also folk methods. In addition, they, unlike drugs, do not have any side effects.

Cabbage treatment

Cabbage compress helps relieve swelling and pain quickly. Making it is quite simple: take a few sheets of vegetable, lay them on a wide bandage and wrap everything around the injured leg area.

Cabbage can be left all night. If the compress is done during the day, the sheets need to be changed every 2 hours.

Clay powder treatment

A clay compress relieves swelling and inflammation. To do this, you can use blue, blue, green or red clay, after diluting it with water to the consistency of thick sour cream.

Put the finished mixture on your leg and wrap it with compress paper and a blanket. Change after 2-3 hours.

Vodka treatment

Alcohol improves blood circulation in tissues and helps them recover faster. For the compress you will need: vodka or diluted alcohol, a small piece of cloth, a cling film and a plaid.

Soak the cloth with vodka, put it on your leg, wrap it with a film and a blanket on top. Leave the compress overnight.

Potato treatment

This vegetable improves blood flow and metabolism in an injured joint, which contributes to a speedy recovery. For a compress, one small potato, gauze, cling film and plaid are enough.

Grate potatoes on a fine grater, put on cheesecloth and place on foot. Next, wrap everything with film and a blanket, and leave it all night.

Propolis treatment

Propolis helps relieve pain, inflammation and increase metabolism. For the treatment of an injured ankle, you can use it in its pure form. To do this, propolis is pre-cut into thin pieces, warmed up a little in a pan and applied to a sore spot, wrapped with a bandage.

Therapeutic exercises for injuries of the ankle

Therapeutic exercises help improve blood circulation and strengthen ligaments. If you refuse to perform the exercise, the joint will recover longer, or will not heal completely. You can do gymnastic exercises starting from 3-5 days after the injury.

The gymnastic complex is divided into two parts: preparatory and basic. The first helps to stretch the joint, and the second helps to improve blood circulation.

  1. I.P. (starting position) – sitting on a chair. Lift your right leg and pull the sock towards you, then away from you. Repeat with your left foot. Make 4-6 movements on each leg.
  2. I.P. – sitting on the floor. Put the shin of the right leg on the thigh of the left. Grasp the right foot with your left hand and make 5 rotations clockwise, and the same counterclockwise. Repeat with the other leg.
  3. I.P. – sitting on a chair. Put your hands on your knees. Now try to get on your toe while your hands should provide a slight resistance. Repeat 6-10 times.

The second part:

  1. I.P. lying on his back against the wall. Lift the legs bent at the knees and place them on the wall. Get on your toes and push against the wall at the same time. Do 5-10 reps.
  2. I.P. – sitting. Bend the right leg at the knee and put a small rubber ball under the foot. Pressing lightly, roll the ball back and forth, straightening and bending the leg. Repeat with the other leg. 6-8 movements per leg.
  3. I.P. – standing facing the wall. Leaning your hands on the wall, gently rise on your toes. Repeat 6-10 times.

All exercises must be performed smoothly. If any movement caused pain, reduce the amplitude or do not do it at all.

Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

What can not be done with an ankle injury

The most important thing when injuring the ankle joint is not to ignore the visit to the traumatologist. This can lead to serious consequences, since you can incorrectly assess the situation yourself and miss a break in the ligaments or a fracture. In addition, only a doctor can prescribe a treatment appropriate to the injury.

It is also a mistake to use a hot compress and warming ointments in the first 48 hours after injury.

Healing time

The healing period depends not only on the chosen method of treatment, but also on the severity of the injury. Slight stretching can go away after 1.5 weeks with proper patient care. With a more severe injury, the recovery period may increase up to 3-4 weeks.

How to anesthetize

At the very beginning, it is necessary to use cold and analgesic ointments. Starting from the second day, a variety of compresses are applied. In some cases, it is permissible to use additional painkillers in the form of tablets or injections.

Laundry soap

Types of treatment for ankle sprain

The basis of the general method of treatment of the ankle is the use of:

  • General anti-inflammatory drugs (IM Diclofenac, inside Ibuprofen or Nimesil inside).
  • The use of drugs Glucosamine, Chondroitin and Collagen in the form of tablets.
  • The use of folk remedies.

Local ankle treatment:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs, external use (Indovazin gel, Indomethacin ointment, Diclofenac gel).
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs (v / m Diclofenac, s / c solution of prednisolone).
  • Compresses on a sore foot.
  • Local traditional medicine.

An important role in the full restoration of foot function is played by adequate physical activity. Without it, rehabilitation will be long and ineffective.

Only following all the doctor’s recommendations and an integrated approach to the treatment of ankle sprains will help to quickly restore his mobility and lead an active lifestyle.

Signs of ankle sprain

In the diagnosis of ankle injury, the main role is played by objective examination and instrumental research methods. An objective examination is carried out by a traumatologist or surgeon, who, if necessary, prescribes instrumental studies.

Data of an objective examination of the patient:

  • The leg is painful only with movement, exertion or pressure.
  • The skin is hot at the site of injury.
  • Redness is noted.
  • Ankle joint is edematous (edema is “hard”, palpation does not leave dimples).
  • Impaired function in the ankle joint in one of the planes (horizontal or vertical).

If you have three of the five signs, you can safely put a preliminary diagnosis of “Ankle sprain” and assign an additional examination:

  • X-ray.
  • CT or MRI.
  • Ultrasound, if you need to evaluate the quality of blood circulation in the vessels of the foot and lower leg.
  • Consult a neurologist to identify possible traumatic damage to nerve fibers.

Treatment of sprains with folk remedies

Home treatment: recipes.

The most common type of injury to muscles, joints, or tendons is their sprains.

With this pathology, to accelerate the process of tissue restoration and the functions of injured limbs, traditional treatment must be combined with alternative methods.

Stretching is damage to the tissues of the musculoskeletal system as a result of their strong tension caused by heavy lifting, falling, dislocation, sudden uncomfortable movement, excessive load when playing sports or other similar reasons.

For sprains, the following symptoms are characteristic:

  • Severe pain while moving;
  • Moderate or severe swelling of the injured area;
  • Difficulty in movement;
  • Sensitivity increase during touch;
  • The appearance of redness or hematoma.

Clinically, this type of damage is divided into three types – sprains (tendons), muscles and joints. However, depending on the injured places, the ankle, foot, hamstring, back, thigh muscles, neck, wrists, shoulder or forearm and other parts of the body are stretched.

The difference between muscle stretching and sprain is that in the first case, the tissues that connect the muscles to the tendons and bone are damaged, and in the second case, the fibers that connect the bone to the bone are damaged.

Treatment of sprain of folk remedies Folk remedies for the treatment of sprain Treatment of sprain of folk remedies Folk recipes for the treatment of sprain

First aid

First, the damaged foot should be immobilized with a special fixing bandage or elastic bandage, which will help to relieve pain and swelling. In addition, the bandage protects the foot from secondary injury during treatment.

It is important that the bandage is not too tight, otherwise blood circulation may be impaired. The dressing should be on the foot until the pain completely disappears.

The leg should be raised slightly to improve blood outflow, and to relieve pain it is recommended to take drugs belonging to the NSAID group (Nimesil, Diclogen) and external funds in the form of ointments and gels (Ortofen, Fastum-gel, etc.). A cold compress can be applied to the damaged area for 20-30 minutes.

Injured foot, especially in the first 2-3 days, it is necessary to ensure peace, as any movement can enhance pain symptoms, which significantly lengthens the recovery time of the damaged joint. As the pain decreases, you can start light gymnastics and walking to prevent atrophy of the ligaments. Gradual load on the foot after a course of treatment.

In the first few days after sprain, massage is not recommended, as this can increase swelling and soreness of the damaged area. Massage procedures are allowed only at the rehabilitation stage of treatment.

In addition, movements, thermal procedures (baths, saunas, baths), warming compresses and taking alcoholic beverages, which slow down the regeneration of damaged tissues and increase foot swelling, are excluded.

Home Treatment

With mild sprains of the ligamentous apparatus, recipes for traditional healers that can be used in home treatment are quite effective. The herbal components of these recipes, in the absence of complications, accelerate healing and quickly relieve pain symptoms. Alternative recipes can help with dislocations, but only after consultation with your doctor.


In any pharmacy network, you can buy powder of badiagi, which is diluted with warm water to a thick sour cream and rubbed into the damaged area, not washed off for 2-3 hours.

The benefits of the badiaga include the possibility of its use even with external damage to the skin (wounds, abrasions, cuts), since the drug has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and regenerative effects;


A compress made from 1-2 heads of chopped onions and 1 tbsp. Has a good effect. tablespoons of sea salt. The prepared mass is thoroughly mixed, applied to a gauze napkin (or any clean cotton cloth), and then applied to the ankle (best at night, but not less than 4-5 hours).

Onion is a natural antiseptic that prevents the development of the inflammatory process, and the salt added to it promotes the outflow of excess fluid from the soft tissues, reducing swelling of the joint, which makes this compress universal.


1-2 purely washed and peeled potato tubers are crushed to a puree state, after which the mass is slightly wrung out and applied to the damaged joint in the form of an application (for 2-3 hours). To enhance the effectiveness of the potatoes, you can add mashed fresh cabbage or 1-2 tbsp. tablespoons of clay.


For acute pain, it is recommended to soak a clean gauze napkin with chilled garlic juice, which is mixed with fresh lemon juice in a 1: 1 ratio, and then attach it to the inflamed area. Compress changes as it acquires body temperature.


To reduce swelling and pain in the ankle joint, you can use fresh elderberry leaves, which are thoroughly washed, dried and crushed. 1-2 teaspoons of olive oil are added to the leaves, after which they are applied to the sore joint, and on top are fixed with a tight bandage.

Laundry soap

Traditional medicine makes extensive use of laundry soap, including for various diseases of the joints. An ointment is prepared from soap chips (1 part), warm water (2 parts) and 1 egg yolk, which is thoroughly mixed, applied to a soft cloth, applied to the foot and fixed with an elastic bandage on top.

This procedure must be done before bedtime, until the pain in the joint is completely relieved.

Clay is often used in the treatment of sprains of the ligamentous apparatus in the form of compresses and applications. In order to prepare a compress, it is recommended to dilute 1⁄2 cup of clay in 1 liter of water and add 5 tbsp to this mixture. tablespoons of apple cider vinegar.

With external damage to the skin, it is recommended to add 2 minced cloves of garlic to the mass, which will speed healing and prevent infection of the damaged area.

Joint strains can be treated with milk compresses, which are quite simple and quick to prepare. Fresh milk is slightly warmed up, after which gauze is moistened in it and applied to the area of ​​inflammation for 1-2 hours.

A milk compress can reduce pain symptoms, relieve swelling and accelerate the regeneration of damaged tissue. It should be borne in mind that milk compresses are applied only to intact areas of the body.

If cuts or wounds are present at the site of inflammation, it is undesirable to use such a compress.

To relieve pain and reduce swelling of the surrounding tissue when the ligamentous apparatus is stretched, you can use a compress of freshly brewed tea, in which a napkin is moistened and applied to the ankle joint.

The fabric is covered with wax paper on top and secured with a fixing bandage. After 2 hours, the compress is removed and replaced by another, until the patient feels a significant relief.

Important! Despite the fact that in most cases sprains are not considered serious injuries, it is necessary to be extremely careful about any damage to the ankle joint, since it is he who takes the brunt of the human body.

Even in the absence of a forced restriction of joint mobility, leg sprain can be accompanied by significant discomfort for the patient, therefore it is recommended to seek medical help. This will allow you to more accurately diagnose the cause of the damage, as well as to avoid undesirable consequences in the future.

With stretch marks of 1 and 2 degrees, it is completely acceptable to engage in the treatment of damaged ligaments at home. There is no particular difficulty if the patient follows certain recommendations.

The duration of the rehabilitation period depends on the degree of joint damage. In some cases, a full restoration of functionality is observed after 1-2 weeks, and sometimes it takes from 1 to 1,5 months.

In most cases, the prognosis for a full recovery is favorable.

How to treat ankle sprain at home?

Restoration and treatment of ankle sprain at home is allowed if the injury is not severe and is not accompanied by a fracture of bone structures. But before you begin to treat a violation at home, it is important to first visit a doctor, undergo a diagnostic study, and coordinate other points. And also the doctor will prescribe painkillers and local remedies that will help relieve swelling.

If, after an injury, the victim has a fever, treatment with folk remedies can cause complications, so in such a situation a visit to the doctor is necessary.

Main indications

Sprain of the ligaments and muscles of the foot can occur with everyone, because it is the ankle joint that takes on all the load and body weight during movements. If a person tucked up his leg, and a tumor formed on the arch of the foot, you should immediately go to the hospital, take an X-ray. Indications for the appointment of treatment at home will be such signs:

  • lack of fractures and tears of soft tissues;
  • ankle extension stage 1-2;
  • moderate pains that a mild drug will cope with;
  • lack of extensive internal hemorrhage, edema.

First aid

Adequately and correctly provided first aid for sprain of the foot affects the further treatment and the success of the restoration of the leg joint. Therefore, if an ankle injury occurs, before the arrival of the team of doctors it is important to carry out such manipulations:

To prevent swelling, a cold compress is applied to the damaged area.

  • Free the limb from the shoes, remove the socks, inspect the leg and make sure that it is not broken.
  • Immobilize the joint by applying a retaining bandage.
  • Apply a cold compress to the sore spot.
  • With severe pain, give an anesthetic.
  • If soft tissues are damaged, treat them with peroxide and brilliant green.
  • It is forbidden to do it yourself when stretching, or try to palpate a limb. Such manipulations can stretch the soft tissues even more, because of which tearing of the ligaments can occur.

What kind of home treatment is needed for sprained ankles?

Treatment of ligaments at home will be effective when, in the first day after the injury, it was possible to at least partially relieve swelling and eliminate pain. After this, ointments, compresses, restorative baths can be used. If you strictly follow the formulation agreed with the doctor, then side effects and worsening should not happen.

Effective ointments

Ointments prepared at home will help to quickly cure the sprain and anesthetize, with which it is important to smear the damaged areas daily until the symptoms disappear completely. A bruise disappears and swelling decreases when using the product, the recipe for which is presented below:

Treatment of edema will be more effective if you use this recipe:

  1. In a water bath melt 2 tbsp. l petroleum jelly.
  2. Add 1 large spoon of chopped propolis to the resulting mass.
  3. Allow the product to stand for another 15-20 minutes in a water bath.
  4. Every night before bedtime, apply ointment to a sore joint.

Firming baths

Such procedures are also effective in the rehabilitation period when the ligaments are broken, when the limb swells for a long time and hurts. For the preparation of baths, such folk remedies have worked well for sprained ankles:

Infusion of burdock leaves can be used for medicinal baths.

  • A mixture of aloe and sea salt. In equal proportions, mix both ingredients and add to water heated to 37 ° C. To soar your feet for 15-20 minutes, adding warm water if it cools down.
  • A decoction of budra. In 2 tbsp. l raw materials pour 1 liter of water. Insist 1-1,5 hours, add half the finished product to the bath water, and when the water in it begins to cool, add the remaining, heated mixture.
  • Infusion of burdock leaves. Wash burdock, chop and pour boiling water. Let it brew for 2-3 hours, then strain, heat the finished liquid and add to warm water for foot baths.

Compresses and lotions

They will help strengthen the ligaments, remove the hematoma and puffiness. But rubbing is important to be careful not to injure soft tissue. It is recommended to use such recipes:

  • Gruel from gruel. The powder purchased at the pharmacy is diluted with water to a state of thick sour cream. Add to the gruel 1 tsp. honey, then distribute the finished mixture evenly on a cloth or bandage, then attach to the damaged area, putting on top of cotton socks.
  • Shredded aloe leaves. From this plant, compresses and ointments are effective for treating sprains. Grind a large sheet to a mushy state, put on a bandage that attaches to a sore spot. When such an application heats up, remove it and apply a new cool portion. The tool helps to relieve pain and swelling in the first hours after an injury.

It is not recommended to make a vodka or vinegar compress when stretching or tearing the ankle ligaments. Alcohol or acetic acid through the pores penetrate the body and cause poisoning, which will worsen the condition of the victim.


With a sprain, the doctor will prescribe a medication regimen at home. If the injury is accompanied by severe pain, you can not do without painkillers. “Nurofen” will help reduce pain when sprained. Anti-inflammatory and normalizing blood supply property have tablets “Flebodia”. They prevent the formation of stagnant processes in the veins, stimulate their tone, increase elasticity, which is important during the recovery period after sprains. The drug “Phlebodia” is not recommended for children under 18 years of age. Pharmacy anti-inflammatory ointments and gels will help relieve swelling and accelerate tissue regeneration:

Exercise Exercise and Massage

Drug therapy and folk remedies when stretching the ankle will not bring effect if the victim does not perform strengthening and restoring exercises, thanks to which it will be possible to train the muscular corset of the limb. In the first days after the injury, the damaged leg is not allowed to be strained once again, as a result of which muscle weakness develops, which should be gradually eliminated. Therefore, it is recommended to perform such training:

  • rotate the foot clockwise and counterclockwise;
  • move the foot back and forth;
  • develop the entire lower leg and knee joint;
  • squat.

The course of massage procedures also helps to accelerate the recovery of stretched ligaments, but it is important to sign up not for a regular massage, but for a manual one. It will be performed by a trained massage therapist who knows what points to act on in order to get the proper effect. Thanks to stimulation, blood circulation in the damaged areas is normalized, and the nutrition of soft tissues and ligaments is also restored. Due to this effect, damage is restored faster, pain, swelling, and hematoma resolve. Improvement is observed after the first sessions.

How to treat ankle sprain at home?

The ankle joint is constantly exposed to severe mechanical stress. Treatment of rupture of ankle ligaments is carried out after an injury. The ligamentous apparatus, which consists of several ligaments, plays a retaining role in each joint. Each tendon stabilizes the position of one of the joints. If you lose functionality with at least one tendon, the dynamic balance within the entire apparatus is disturbed.

The foot and lower leg support body weight and are most susceptible to adverse factors – bruises, dislocations and other injuries. Among the most common pathologies include extension of the calf muscle and rupture of the tendons that form the ligamentous apparatus. Ligaments located in the ankle are not too elastic. Injuries usually result in partial or complete rupture of tendon fibers with impaired integrity of nerve endings and blood vessels.

The diagnosis of ankle sprain implies immediate treatment because it indicates the presence of significant damage to the connective tissue.

Stretching the ankle muscles is accompanied by severe pain, loss of stability, limited physical activity. Ankle sprain treatment can be carried out at home using safe and effective folk remedies.

Causes of damage

The most common causes that lead to ankle sprain are associated with excessive physical exertion. Patients who are at increased risk of injury are those who:

  • Go in for sports, dance, run a lot or walk (especially in a bumpy terrain). In this regard, the most dangerous types are skiing and cycling, football, weightlifting and athletics;
  • wear shoes with too high heels;
  • subject the joints to excessive weight and rotational loads (carrying weights, arching and turning the foot in an unusual, non-physiological way, for example, tucking in or out).

A strong blow to the foot also often leads to damage to the connective tissue. There are factors that increase the susceptibility to injuries in this part of the body. These include:

  • abnormal development of the musculoskeletal system;
  • flat feet or clubfoot;
  • playing sports at a professional level;
  • pathology of connective tissue;
  • arthrosis in the joints of the lower extremities;
  • increased body weight;
  • injuries of ligaments and joints received in the past.

With an ankle sprain, characteristic symptoms appear. The level of manifestation of characteristic signs depends on the amount of damage. In medical practice, there are three degrees of functional disorders of the ligamentous apparatus:

  • 1 degree. Slight tear of tendon tissue, fibers are damaged at the microscopic level. The limb remains mobile, the pain is weak, during the examination of the patient, the trauma doctor freely palpates. The patient independently relies on the leg, reducing the load time and transferring it to a healthy limb;
  • 2 degree. The number of damaged tendon fibers is increased, pain is pronounced, palpation is difficult, the patient relies with difficulty on the injured limb, remaining in this position for a minimum period of time. This degree of damage leads to disability for 5-7 days;
  • 3 degree. Complete rupture of one or several tendons at once. Signs of pathology are similar to symptoms of a bone fracture (edema, tissue discoloration caused by subcutaneous hemorrhage, severe pain, post-traumatic inflammatory processes, impaired foot functionality).

Due to the similarity of symptoms during tendon stretching and ankle fracture, it is not recommended to make a diagnosis on your own. An experienced traumatologist will be able to qualify the pathology after a visual examination and additional studies (radiography, MRI in difficult cases when the question of the need for surgical intervention is decided).

After making a diagnosis, the attending physician will tell you how to treat ankle sprain. Usually, traditional drugs and folk remedies are used in complex therapy, which are equally effective as therapeutic procedures for restoring ankle functions at home.

Treatment of pathology

Many patients are interested in the question of what to do with stretching. This is especially true of professional athletes and active people who regularly engage in jogging, fitness, yoga and other types of health gymnastics. If you thoroughly understand the topic of how to treat ankle sprain, it is important to study the procedure in case of injury. Timely and competent help promotes rapid tissue repair and a speedy recovery. An effective treatment for sprain of the ankle joint returns the patient mobility and well-being after 10-14 days.

There are several rules for first aid.

  • A cold compress helps to cope with swelling and pain. Experts recommend applying ice to the injury site, which is pre-wrapped in a towel, or a plastic bottle filled with cold water. Duration of exposure 10-15 minutes.
  • Exclude any load on the sore leg. It is better to take a horizontal position and ensure the limbs are completely at rest before being examined by a doctor and making an accurate diagnosis. You can independently apply a splint to the injured area and fix the leg in one position with elastic bandages.
  • Raise a limb by placing a roller coiled from a blanket under it.
  • Take an analgesic to eliminate pain.

When significant damage to the ligaments and surrounding tissues has occurred as a result of the injury, surgery is required. In this case, the problem of how to treat sprain is solved using an operation during which the surgeon restores the integrity of tendons, blood vessels and other tissues. During the rehabilitation period, which lasts, as a rule, a month, the patient wears a longeth and additionally takes drugs with an angioprotective effect. These medications (Venorutinol, Detralek “, Tivortin) strengthen the walls of blood vessels and prevent the development of venous insufficiency. Medications are also prescribed that reduce postoperative tissue swelling.

With minor damage to the ligaments, treatment at home is indicated. The patient must adhere to the prescription of the doctor to achieve the desired therapeutic result. The treatment program usually includes:

  • applying ice to the surface of damaged tissue on the first day after injury. It is recommended to apply a cooling agent up to six times;
  • treatment of skin in the area of ​​damage with anti-inflammatory drugs. First of all, these are ointments Diclofenac, Dolobene, Dolgit, which eliminate the signs of inflammation and reduce painful sensitivity;
  • fixing the legs in one position. For these purposes, a removable bandage, an elastic bandage or, in case of severe damage to the tendons, a plaster bandage is used. Traumatologists do not recommend wearing a plaster cast for longer than seven days, as this can subsequently affect the stability of the joints. To restore the functionality of the ligament, it is necessary to maintain its tone, which prov >

With prolonged preservation of the hematoma, it is advisable to use local agents to improve blood circulation (Heparin, Indovazin). To learn how to quickly cure ankle sprain, you need to study proven and effective methods of alternative medicine.

Ligament restoration using traditional medicine recipes

Treatment with folk remedies involves the use of compresses and lotions that activate the regeneration processes, prevent the development of inflammation, relieve swelling, and eliminate pain. Popular and effective recipes:

  1. Compress from warm natural milk. Gauze or fabric folded in several layers is impregnated with warm (not hot) milk, applied to the site of damage, covered with plastic wrap and fixed with an elastic bandage.
  2. Lotions from onions. Two onions are passed through a meat grinder, a tablespoon of salt is added to the mass. The mixture is placed between layers of bandage or gauze and applied to the painful area.
  3. Leaves of aloe or white cabbage. Fresh leaves are thoroughly kneaded and applied to the leg at the site of damage, fixed with a bandage.
  4. Grated potato compress. Two root vegetables are rubbed on a grater, onions and cabbage leaves, crushed to a consistency of slurry are added, leaves are mixed, mixed, laid on the ankle joint area.
  5. Trampoline (a drug from a river or sea sponge) effectively eliminates pain, has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. This tool in the shortest possible time will relieve hematoma and edema. Badyagi powder is mixed with vegetable or butter and applied to the skin surface at the site of injury.

Inadmissible errors in the treatment of pathology

Erroneous actions often lead to an aggravation of the situation, the development of inflammation in injured tissues and other complications that make the process of regeneration and recovery more difficult. Patients who want to quickly cure sprain are strictly prohibited:

  • use alcohol to rub the damaged areas;
  • take thermal procedures, including hot baths and dry heating;
  • Massage or load the injured leg in the first week of treatment.

To speed up the rehabilitation process, as a rule, a course of physiotherapy is prescribed. 7-10 days after the injury, it is advisable to apply ultrasound therapy (UST), which improves blood circulation and lymphatic fluid. Other types of physiotherapy are also indicated, including UHF, paraffin therapy and magnetotherapy.

Shishkevich Vladimir
Shishkevich Vladimir
Orthopedic doctor, traumatologist
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I have been treating joints for many years. I can say with confidence that the joints are always treatable, even in the very ripe old age.

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Rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases. Specialization: diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases and deformations of the musculoskeletal system.