All symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

The content of the article
  1. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms and treatment
  2. What is the cause of cervical osteochondrosis
  3. What are the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
  4. Variety and inconsistency of symptoms
  5. Three sets of signs of dysfunction of the nervous system
  6. How to treat this ailment
  7. Cervical osteochondrosis – symptoms, sensations
  8. Classification of symptoms in cervical osteochondrosis
  9. Nausea
  10. Neurological symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
  11. Vestibular signs
  12. Lump in the throat
  13. Visual signs of cervical osteochondrosis
  14. Arterial symptoms
  15. Dizziness
  16. Temperature for osteochondrosis
  17. Cervical osteochondrosis: an overview of all possible symptoms
  18. Who is at risk
  19. How does the disease develop?
  20. Features of symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
  21. Syndromes
  22. Periarthritis of the shoulder blade
  23. Radicular syndromes
  24. Irritative-reflex syndrome
  25. Cardiac syndrome
  26. Syndrome of the vertebral artery
  27. This is important to know! The main symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
  28. What are the symptoms of this disease in order of frequency
  29. Cervical Radiculopathy
  30. Periarthrosis of the shoulder blade
  31. Anterior scalene syndrome
  32. Spinal nerve syndrome
  33. Symptoms of a disorder of the vertebrobasilar system
  34. Discogenic cervical myelopathy
  35. Hypothalamic syndrome
  36. Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
  37. Features of the disease
  38. Clinic depending on the stage
  39. Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
  40. Syndromes
  41. Radicular syndrome
  42. Irritative-reflex syndrome
  43. Syndrome of the vertebral artery
  44. Cardiac syndrome
  45. Exacerbation of the disease
  46. Osteochondrosis and vegetovascular dystonia
  47. Video about signs of cervical osteochondrosis
  48. How is the disease diagnosed
  49. Symptoms and treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
  50. Content of the material
  51. Nature of the disease
  52. We recommend to study:
  53. Stages of the disease
  54. In addition, we recommend:
  55. Causes of the disease
  56. Manifestation of the disease
  57. Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
  58. Treatment
  59. The consequences of osteochondrosis of the cervical spinal canal
Parkinson’s disease symptoms and signs, fasting

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms and treatment at home

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms and treatment

What is the cause of cervical osteochondrosis

With osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the symptoms and treatment will be different depending on the type of deformation in the cervical vertebrae resulting from a prolonged physical, inflammatory or mental impact on them.

The disease is often chronic, manifested by many clinical symptoms caused by compression of the nerve roots and blood vessels leaving the vertebrae. Their compression occurs due to wear or deformation of the intervertebral discs (a decrease in their height, loss of elasticity, deformation of the fibrous ring or its rupture).

Cervical osteochondrosis is a common ailment that occurs at any age after 20 years.

The cause of the pathology is in destructive changes in the spine. First of all, changes in the intervertebral discs occur: their elasticity, strength and height decrease, their fibrous ring is deformed, protrusions appear (the initial stage of the intervertebral hernia), and hernias. All these changes provoke bone growths on the vertebrae (osteophytes), lead to displacement, and later to loss of mobility of the cervical vertebrae.

Since the spine is a flexible protective “case” for the spinal cord, destructive changes in the intervertebral discs and the loss of flexibility of the neck vertebrae have a detrimental effect on the nervous and vascular structures of the spinal cord. They undergo compression, displacement, which disrupts cerebral circulation and innervation not only of the cervical and shoulder zones, but also of internal organs, lower extremities.

The older the patient, the stronger the intervertebral discs are affected by age-related muscle weakness, prolonged stress on the spine, injuries, slow physical activity, the formation of incorrect posture, stressful situations and increased tension in the neck, shoulder girdle, inflammatory diseases of the spine, etc.

Due to its anatomical structure, the cervical spine is more susceptible to pathology, since its vertebrae are the most mobile and very densely located in relation to each other. In addition, the cervical vertebrae have weak muscle protection.

Most often, degenerative changes develop in the intervertebral discs of the most mobile 5,6, 7 cervical vertebrae.

What are the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Shishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologistShishkevich Vladimir, orthopedic and traumatologist, project editor-in-chief ExpertNews.

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Variety and inconsistency of symptoms

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms and treatment should be considered comprehensively and in relation to the type and severity of degeneration of the intervertebral discs.

Signs of cervical osteochondrosis are diverse and contradictory, because they depend on the localization and strength of the manifestation of the process of deformation of the intervertebral discs, the features of compression or compression of the nerve roots and blood vessels, as well as the location of the muscles and organs they innervate and are supplied with blood.

Therefore, often the complaints of patients are not directed to a neurologist, but to other specialists: a cardiologist, general practitioner, otolaryngologist, ophthalmologist, rheumatologist, etc.

For example, complaints of dizziness, pain in the shoulder joint or tinnitus, darkening in the eyes, patients do not associate with pathology in the cervical vertebrae.

At the same time, a neuropathologist can make a diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis based on the results of MRI of the brain and spine, ultrasound of the vessels of the brain, ECG, etc.

Three sets of signs of dysfunction of the nervous system

Experienced specialists are aware of about thirty different options for combining symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis. It will not be possible to describe all the signs of the manifestation of this common disease, so we will dwell on three complexes of the main symptoms that characterize a certain violation of the functions of the central nervous system.

  • The first set of main symptoms relates to impaired functions of the peripheral nervous system. This department is represented by nerves and other elements extending from the brain and spinal cord, and is divided into somatic and autonomic systems.

In short, the first set of symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis is presented in the form of various localization of pain. This does not mean that the signs are only painful, often the pain is combined with other disorders of the body’s functions.

But mainly – these are constant or periodically occurring pains in the neck, the appearance of which the patient associates with hypothermia, prolonged tension or being in an uncomfortable position, lifting weights, and a sharp turn of the head.

The pains are aching, boring, shooting, or similar to an electric shock. Their localization depends on the tension of certain muscles associated with specific roots of nerves squeezed by the vertebrae. Therefore, pain can spread to the neck, back of the head, shoulder, one or both hands, radiating to the chest – to the heart, liver.

In addition, there are complaints of a crunch or crack in the vertebrae of the cervical region when moving the head, as well as stiffness of the rotational movements of the head.

In the acute onset of the disease, pain and spasm of the neck muscles force the patient to be in a pose with his head tilted and turned to the side.

Burning pains between the shoulder blades may appear if the cervical vegetative formations are compressed and their blood supply is disturbed. Such pains usually increase with physical and emotional stress.

Often there is swelling, pallor and cooling of the hands, numbness, palpitations, pain in the heart, narrowing or dilated pupils, etc.

Due to a violation of the innervation of the shoulder and scapular region, symptoms of dystrophic changes in the shoulder joint may occur. Patients complain of pain, inability to raise and take the arm to the side, stiffness of the shoulder joint.

  • The second set of symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis occurs due to dysfunction of the spinal cord, and is manifested by motor disorders.

Spinal cord dysfunctions occur due to compression of the spinal cord as a result of prolapse of the pulpous nucleus from the disc or trauma to hard disks and growths (osteophytes).

Depending on the mechanism of action on the spinal cord, the following complex of motor disorders is noted: stiff neck and neck muscles, weakness of the arms and legs, with increased muscle tone of the legs and decreased muscle tone and weight loss; loss of temperature and pain sensitivity; severe leg fatigue, impaired coordination.

  • The third set of symptoms characterizes blood circulation disorders in the vessels of the brain and pathology of the cranial nerves arising from deformations in the cervical vertebrae. Symptoms of vascular pathology are manifested.

Characteristic symptoms of vascular disorders:

  1. neurotic conditions (irritability, longing, anxiety, fatigue, sleep disorders);
  2. fainting headache and dizziness; nausea and vomiting;
  3. noise and ringing in the ears, hearing loss;
  4. visual disturbances (darkening in the eyes, fog, flickering of dots, swimming specks, blurred vision);
  5. pharyngeal-laryngeal syndrome (sore throat, feeling of a foreign object, dryness, difficulty swallowing).

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are ambiguous, and should be considered in combination and depending on the pathological processes in the spine.

Only a qualified specialist can deal with the clinical manifestations of this disease, make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment for the causes of the revealed violations.

How to treat this ailment

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms and treatment depend on the condition of the patient, the severity of the disease, the nature of the lesion of the cervical vertebrae.

  • In the acute period, hospitalization and drug treatment may be required.

Analgesics, novocaine muscle blockade, muscle relaxants that relieve muscle spasm are usually used; chondroprotectors for feeding cartilage; sedatives, soothing the nervous system, B vitamins, enhancing neuromuscular conduction.

Treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is always long, and it should be comprehensive.

  • In periods of remission, when there are no acute symptoms, physiotherapy methods (electrophoresis, ultrasound, etc.) are widely used, physiotherapy exercises, massage, and alternative procedures, such as acupuncture, are prescribed.

Many conservative treatments for osteochondrosis are known that can stop the progression of the disease. However, each patient needs an individual course of treatment taking into account the stage of the disease, the characteristics of the body, gender and age.

The goal of the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is:

  1. Elimination of pain and swelling at the site of inflammation.
  2. Relaxing neck muscles.
  3. Release of pinched nerve roots.
  4. Increased blood circulation.
  5. Activation of metabolism.
  6. Improving the nutrition of intervertebral discs.

Targeted comprehensive treatment can prevent the occurrence of protrusions and intervertebral hernias.

In order for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine to not start symptoms and treatment, and to avoid severe complications of the disease, timely treatment should be started.

Cervical osteochondrosis – symptoms, sensations

Another name for this disease is degenerative-destructive damage to the spine, affects the vertebral body, ligamentous and articular apparatus, and intervertebral discs. Equally often diagnosed in men and women, it usually develops after 30 years. According to statistics, from 50 to 80% of the population suffer from this disease.

Classification of symptoms in cervical osteochondrosis

The development of this ailment sometimes occurs before 30-35 years, so signs of the disease can occur even in adolescence. Signs of cervical osteochondrosis are discussed in detail below, the disease has become a real problem in the modern world. Sedentary work, a long stay in front of a computer adversely affect the state of health, well-being of a person. All symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are associated with malfunctioning of several systems:

  1. In advanced cases, there are signs of compression, the integrity of the spinal cord located in the spinal canal is impaired.
  2. The pathological process is able to affect the peripheral nervous system. Roots of the spinal cord located next to the foci of deformation of the bone-cartilage tissue are adversely affected.
  3. In some cases, pinched vertebral arteries. These blood vessels supply brain cells with nutrients, oxygen. Violation of these processes leads to a sharp deterioration in human well-being.

It is known that one of the first signs of the development of the disease is pain in the cervical spine. At first it passes quickly, is periodic, but then goes into a chronic form. The main places of localization of pain are:

  • occipital muscles (intensified by turning the neck, tilting the head);
  • shoulder area;
  • neck.

It can hurt differently depending on the location of the lesion, the discomfort can be sharp, shooting, periodically subside, be aching and permanent. Over time, head movements are difficult, due to neck muscle tension. If pinching of the artery occurs, cervical migraine is sometimes observed (with a weakening of the blood supply, lack of oxygen, a headache appears).


In some cases, blood vessels of the circulatory system are compressed, which provide the supply of oxygen, nutrients to the human brain, inner ear. Because of this, nausea occurs with osteochondrosis. This symptomatology is accompanied, as a rule, by loss of appetite, which becomes the reason for weight loss, deficiency of necessary nutrients. In the later stages, the disease can provoke vomiting when turning the head, walking or bending. This is due to the lack of blood flow to the middle ear, where the center of equilibrium is located.

Neurological symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Some manifestations of the disease can not immediately be attributed to characteristic signs. You should know what symptoms with cervical osteochondrosis can not be ignored, for example, lack of air. With the defeat of this department, a diaphragmatic nerve irritation syndrome may develop. The patient has difficulty breathing, there is a lack of oxygen, which provokes shortness of breath and even severe suffocation.

This manifestation of the pathology is often accompanied by snoring, it intensifies if you take an uncomfortable position during sleep. This leads to the fact that a person does not rest at night, wakes up with a feeling of general malaise, weakness, feels tired and overwhelmed. This condition, if untreated, can lead to memory impairment, decreased concentration, and irreversible changes in brain tissue.

Vestibular signs

Another direction in which osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is manifested is vestibular signs. The supply of all necessary nutrients to the brain occurs through the vertebral arteries. If cervical chondrosis develops, in which the work of the inner ear is disrupted, the patient experiences tinnitus and ringing. In certain cases, hearing impairment or hearing loss is added to these symptoms.

Lump in the throat

In some cases, the disease manifests itself only in one symptom – pharyngeal. There is a feeling that a lump has formed in the throat with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, there is soreness, itching, dryness, swallowing is difficult. These manifestations are associated with impaired conduction of neurovascular trunks emanating from the spinal cord. A lump in the throat is not a specific symptom of chondrosis; it may indicate a tumor or inflammatory process. If this symptom appears, you should definitely consult a doctor.

Visual signs of cervical osteochondrosis

Symptoms of chondrosis of the cervical spine can be different, but visual acuity disorders are the most common. The supply of visual analyzers occurs through the carotid and vertebral arteries. If a decrease in blood circulation occurs due to compression of the latter, a decrease in vision begins, which does not improve when wearing glasses. Cervical osteochondrosis – symptoms:

  • low pressure;
  • “Floating”, flickering points;
  • arteriosclerosis of the arteries in the brain;
  • violation of focus on the subject;
  • veil, fog before the eyes.

A characteristic sign that a decrease in vision occurs due to a pinched vertebra of a blood vessel, circulatory disorders, will be the lack of improvement when wearing glasses, performing special exercises. Only timely treatment of the underlying disease will help to change the condition (before the occurrence of irreversible tissue damage).

Arterial symptoms

The spine plays an important role in the human body, therefore, any of its diseases affect many systems. There are certain arterial signs of cervical osteochondrosis that indicate this disease. These include sudden loss of consciousness. This is the most unpleasant, dangerous symptom that is inherent in this disease. This happens due to circulatory disorders, when blood ceases to flow through the cerebral arteries.

A pronounced spasm of the arteries is due to the response of the deformed bone processes to irritation of the nerve endings. If your friend has osteochondrosis of the cervical spine and he faints, you need to put him down, raise his legs to a small height to increase the outflow of blood from the limbs and increase the flow to the brain. After this, people tend to quickly recover.

Blood pressure instability is another symptom of the disease from this group. Doctors can diagnose spasmodic indicators if blood supply is disturbed. This is not a specific symptom of chondrosis, but fits into the overall picture of the disease. Blood pressure can drop sharply or rise. A person feels a deterioration, so he needs to ensure peace.


It was previously described that in this disease, loss of consciousness sometimes occurs. This applies to cases where blood flow to the brain was very difficult. More often, patients feel dizzy with cervical osteochondrosis. This is a common symptom that accompanies all patients with this disease. This phenomenon has a spontaneous manifestation. The cause of this condition is a decrease in the amount of oxygen entering the inner ear. It is located in the human brain, is responsible for a sense of balance. Dizziness occurs when:

  • turning the head, neck;
  • if abruptly get out of bed.

Temperature for osteochondrosis

In some cases, pathological processes spread among the structures of the cervical segment of the spinal cord. This happens with protrusions of the disc, stenosis of the channel. Temperature in osteochondrosis is the body’s response to these pathologies. The same reaction is possible with vertebral artery syndrome. This is a common occurrence with osteochondrosis in the last stages of the development of the disease. Therefore, fever refers to non-specific symptoms of the disease.

This symptom will not necessarily be present; body thermoregulation may be normal. If you feel constant pain in the back of the head, shoulders, neck, and when you turn or tilt your head, an aggravation occurs – you should consult a specialist, undergo an examination. The absence of treatment will necessarily lead to the fact that the condition worsens, the level of comfort of life decreases.

Learn more about what to do with the diagnosis of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.

Cervical osteochondrosis: an overview of all possible symptoms

The first signs of cervical osteochondrosis are difficult to notice. Often they cause so little discomfort that a person does not pay attention to them and is in no hurry to consult a doctor. In other cases, the symptoms are confused with simple fatigue or a mild cold:

  • growing pain in the neck;
  • a feeling of heaviness in the neck;
  • slight tingling in the hands.

These signs appear daily in thousands of people, but few can recognize developing cervical osteochondrosis in them.

Who is at risk

Osteochondrosis develops not only in those who lead a sedentary life. Athletes from such fields as classical wrestling, judo, freestyle wrestling, sambo also suffer from this disease. The disease develops due to critical loads on the spine in the cervical region (constant falls and bumps, high neck mobility). It is important to consider that osteochondrosis is often diagnosed before the age of 35 years – over 86% of cases.

How does the disease develop?

Currently, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is much more common than other pathologies of the spine. This is due to greater neck mobility. With the development of the disease, severe pain appears that worsen a person’s life. Osteochondrosis progresses slowly, but surely leads to degenerative changes in the bone tissue of the spine. There are four degrees of disease development:

    The first stage is characterized by an almost complete absence of symptoms. Diagnosis of the disease is possible only during a routine examination. Mild pain can sometimes occur, which many >

The figure shows a hernia of the intervertebral disc:
a) the spinal cord; b) the spinal nerve; c) a hernia of the intervertebral disc.

Prevention of cervical osteochondrosis is an important process that will help restrain the degradation of the cervical vertebrae, relieve complications and maintain the quality of your life. But to identify the pathology, you need not only to monitor the symptoms, but at least once a year to diagnose and take the necessary tests.

Features of symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Even minor changes in the vertebrae, ligaments and intervertebral discs lead to impaired functioning of the nerve endings. Blood vessels also suffer. All of them are directly connected to the brain and other organs, hence unpleasant symptoms arise.

The clinical symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are divided into three groups:

  • the first group is characterized by neurological manifestations of the pathology that arise due to the effects of inflammatory processes and changes in tissues on the peripheral part of the nervous system;
  • the second group is associated with the effects of processes on the spinal cord;
  • the third group includes signs that depend on the disturbance of processes in the nerve endings that lead to the brain.

As soon as disturbances in the peripheral nervous system occur, a person begins to experience pain. They do not always start abruptly and last a long time, but they all start from one place – inside the neck. The pains are not like muscle pains, when kneading, relaxation does not occur.

Peripheral nervous system
a) the brain; b) the spinal cord; c) ganglion (nerve node, accumulation of nerve cells); d) nerves.

In most cases, damage to the peripheral system causes a feeling of shortness of breath. It seems to patients that they have a “lump” in their throat, it becomes difficult to breathe. The pains are characterized as unexpressed, dull, a constant tension in the muscles is felt. Sometimes after a night’s sleep, the pain intensifies.

The development of the disease leads to the spread of symptoms. Following the head and neck, the hands begin to suffer:

  • weakness is felt;
  • there is numbness of one or more fingers;
  • then the large parts of the hands go numb.

With a sensation of pain and compression in the heart, we can talk about the development of cervicothoracic osteochondrosis. Osteochondrosis is often mistakenly identified as angina pectoris or neuralgia. Basically, it is characterized by symptoms such as:

As soon as the vertebral artery is connected to the destructive process (it feeds the brain with oxygen), symptoms of the brain begin to appear. With the development of the disease, it is pinched and cannot function normally. This is how dizziness develops, vision deteriorates, and tinnitus occurs.

Exacerbation of the pathology can be caused by physical exertion and frequent nerve stress. Symptoms of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis:

  • increasing irritation;
  • sensitive and intermittent sleep;
  • fast fatiguability.

If a person is diagnosed with vegetative-vascular dystonia, then the symptoms intensify: neurosis develops, blood pressure jumps. Diagnosis can also indicate the development of cervical osteochondrosis, so you need to take all the tests, undergo an MRI and take other pictures of the cervical spine.

It is almost impossible to diagnose cervical osteochondrosis by symptoms alone. Given that the first stage proceeds with almost no obvious signs, it is necessary to regularly undergo a preventive examination. At the first signs of the disease, treatment should begin, following the recommendations of the doctor. Even if the disease has not yet “played out” and does not cause tangible problems.


For an accurate diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis, the correct justification of the symptoms is necessary. Based on analyzes, images and examinations, the doctor must accurately determine the causes of the onset of symptoms. All of them are associated with certain syndromes.

Periarthritis of the shoulder blade

The syndrome is characterized by severe pain and muscle contracture in the area of ​​one of the shoulder joints. Left-handed people usually suffer from the left joint of the shoulder, and right-handed people suffer from the right. Features of the pain syndrome:

In most cases, pain intensifies at night. If you take your hand to the side or lay it behind your back, then the pain will also intensify. Sometimes pain is felt throughout the arm, in the occipital and scapular region.

During the examination, the doctor often notices tension in the joint, during palpation the patient feels severe pain in the muscles. In some cases, the doctor notices seals and small nodules on palpation, there is a slight swelling of the affected shoulder.

Radicular syndromes

The syndrome can develop with damage to the spinal root. It manifests itself, as a rule, a few years after the occurrence of osteochondrosis. Irreversible destruction occurs in the vertebrae and discs: a cavity consisting of nerves and blood vessels decreases, as cartilage becomes thinner or an intervertebral hernia forms. For osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome, certain symptoms are characteristic:

  • pain is observed in the forearm, in the area of ​​the scapula, passes to the front of the chest;
  • it becomes difficult to move the neck, pain and stiffness are felt;
  • the sensitivity of the skin on the hands worsens, it goes numb, a feeling of “goosebumps” appears;
  • a person cannot raise his hand from the affected sections.

Intervertebral hernia presses on the roots of the spinal cord

Irritative-reflex syndrome

The syndrome is characterized by a somewhat burning, sharp pain in the back of the head and neck. It appears during head movement after a long stationary state, for example, when working at a computer. Discomfort is felt in the shoulder joints, as well as in the chest area.

Cardiac syndrome

The syndrome is often confused with angina pectoris, as the symptoms of the diseases are almost identical. This happens because pain and contraction of muscle tissue in the region of the heart occur due to compression of the roots in the lower compartments of the cervical spine. Hence the similarity of diseases.

The syndrome is characterized by pain, rolling attacks, they can last from 10-15 minutes to several hours. Significantly amplified by sudden movements (turns, coughing, sneezing). Often for the cardinal syndrome, the development of tachycardia is characteristic, and coronary-expanding drugs can not cope with the elimination of pain. On the cardiogram there are also no signs that are characteristic of a violation of the circulatory processes.

Syndrome of the vertebral artery

The role of the vertebral artery is to nourish the brain and spinal cord. With the syndrome, the work of the periarterial sympathetic plexus is disrupted. The picture of the syndromes is as follows:

  • headaches of varying intensity;
  • disturbances of the vestibular apparatus (staggering, loss of balance);
  • weak and severe dizziness;
  • nausea, vomiting;
  • pharyngeal-laryngeal and ocular symptoms (visual impairment, the appearance of a veil in front of the eyes).

Thus, in order to make an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to determine which syndrome underlies cervical osteochondrosis. An experienced doctor for specific symptoms, test results, images and with the help of palpation will be able to accurately determine the features of the pathology, prescribe the correct treatment.

This is important to know! The main symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a dystrophic-degenerative disease of the intervertebral discs, followed by damage to the bodies of nearby vertebrae, processes, spinal nerve roots, sympathetic plexuses, muscles and fascia of the neck, blood vessels supplying the brain stem region, and shoulder girdle.

This disease can cause narrowing of the spinal canal, compression of the spinal cord. The intervertebral discs are incapable of regeneration, with age due to impaired metabolic processes, physical overload, inadequate motor stereotype prematurely “wear out”. After 25 years, the pulpous nucleus located inside the fibrous ring begins involution, being replaced by fibro-cartilaginous tissue, and this occurs most quickly in the cervical region. Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are caused by a violation of the integrity of the disc, prolapse of the pulp nucleus, the presence of Schmorl’s hernias, osteophytes, and irritation of the nerve plexuses and vessels of the neck region.

What are the symptoms of this disease in order of frequency

Cervical Radiculopathy

Shooting pain in the neck and arms associated with compression of a particular nerve root of the spinal cord. With damage to the 5th cervical root (Cv), sharp pain in the neck, clavicle, external side of the shoulder, weakness of the deltoid muscle, hyperesthesia of the external surface of the shoulder are observed.

Compression of the CVI root causes pain in the neck, shoulder blade, on the outer surface of the shoulder, the inner part of the forearm, and thumb. The pain sensitivity of this part of the body decreases. The tendon reflex from the biceps is weakened. Lesions of the 7th spinal root (СvII) cause pain in the neck, scapula, posterior-outer surface of the shoulder and forearm, index and middle fingers, with impaired sensitivity of these same zones.

Reduced reflex from the triceps muscle. Pain, a violation of sensitivity during compression of the root of CVIII occurs in the neck, on the radial side of the forearm, little finger. The instep reflex is reduced.

Periarthrosis of the shoulder blade

Pain reflex syndrome of exacerbation of cervical osteochondrosis that occurs after hypothermia, trauma, and weight lifting. Complaints of pulling, burning, choking pain in the back, front of the chest, between the shoulder blades, neck, shoulder joint, shoulder. As a result of painful impulses, a protective contracture of the affected shoulder muscles appears, most often of external rotators and biceps.

The pain intensifies at night, with the abduction of the arm, laying it under the back. With a prolonged course of the disease, atrophy of the deltoid, supra- and subclinical, subscapularis muscle can be observed.

Hypoalgesia of the external surface of the shoulder. Over time, painful manifestations of neuroosteofibrosis appear in the pectoralis major muscle. However, not all movements in the shoulder joint are painful. Swinging your hand back and forth does not cause discomfort. Violation of vegetation is manifested by edema, an increase in blueness of the hand (Steybrokker symptom).

Anterior scalene syndrome

The reflex contracture of this muscle causes compression (compression) of the subclavian arteries and brachial plexus. There is soreness of the neck, especially when turning the head to the healthy side, which extends to the inner surface of the shoulder, forearm, hand to the 4th, 5th fingers. People with this syndrome keep their head slightly tilted forward towards the sore side. With a long course, atrophy of the muscles of the hand, paresthesia with subsequent loss of sensitivity on the radial surface, weakening of the pulse on the radial artery are observed. A deep breath exacerbates the pain.

Spinal nerve syndrome

Back cervical sympathetic syndrome (“cervical migraine”). Its occurrence is associated with the presence of bone growths (osteophytes) of the processes of the hook-shaped joints of the cervical vertebrae. A person develops paroxysmal localized pain in the back of the head, spreading to other parts of the skull. Symptoms typically occur in one half of the head.

Symptoms of a disorder of the vertebrobasilar system

It develops mainly in people with atherosclerotic lesions of the vertebral arteries, a chronic increase in blood pressure. Dizziness, a feeling of lack of air, general weakness appear. With a sharp tilt or rotation of the head, a short-term loss of consciousness, derealization, impaired orientation, and stuffy ears may occur. If the stem sections of the brain suffer due to circulatory disorders, tingling, burning of the tongue, and pharynx appear.

Symptom of the vertebral artery – vestibular disturbances in statics, coordination, gait. Intolerance of noise and bright light, nausea, palpitations, heart pain. Visual, oculomotor disorders – deterioration in visual acuity, narrowing and loss of visual fields, diplopia.

Discogenic cervical myelopathy

Schmorl’s hernia reduces the sagittal diameter of the spinal canal. Spinal cord compression occurs. It manifests itself as slowly growing weakness and a feeling of “stiffness” in the legs, numbness, muscle atrophy and weakness of the hands, fascicular jerking, tremor of the head, pyramidal disorders (a significant increase in tendon and periosteal reflexes, the presence of pathological reflexes).

Hypothalamic syndrome

Violation of the blood supply to the ancient stem structures causes a clinic of damage to the hypothalamus with vegetative-vascular disorders. Patients complain of spleen, depression and panic attacks, sharp weakness in the hands, bouts of pain in the heart, chilliness of the limbs, marbling of the skin.

They are often treated by a cardiologist, psychiatrist, although cervical osteochondrosis is the true root cause of the disease. A typical symptom of Erben is a decrease in the temperature of the feet, rear of the hand, and forearm.

The presence of the syndrome can be easily checked with a Bogolepov test. Raise your hands to eye level, assess the color of the skin and pulse on both hands, then raise one limb up and lower the other down. After 30 seconds, return the hands to their original position. Normally, the color of the nails evens out after 30 seconds.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis can be masked by various diseases. For proper diagnosis, consultation with a qualified specialist, modern methods of radiation diagnosis. Manual therapy of the cervical spine is dangerous by the appearance of complications incompatible with life. published by

PS And remember, just changing our consciousness – together we change the world! © econet

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Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Cervical osteochondrosis is a lesion of the cervical vertebra discs, as a result of which they undergo degenerative-dystrophic changes. The main reason for its development is a violation of the normal course of metabolic processes, which leads to a distortion of the structure of vertebral bodies and cartilage discs. In the case of localization in the neck, the symptoms of pathology are largely determined by squeezing large vessels. Methods of treatment are selected depending on the stage, the specifics of the course, severity, and main symptoms.

Features of the disease

The cervical form is the most dangerous type of osteochondrosis: it leads to a deterioration of cerebral circulation, because the vertebral artery passes through this area – one of the largest vessels supplying the brain with necessary substances and oxygen.

Displacement of the vertebrae, abnormal change and proliferation of bone and fibrous tissue disrupt the normal functioning of the vessel.
The specificity of the symptoms of osteochondrosis in this part is determined, including one of the structural features of the cervical vertebrae, which consists in their more tight fit to one another. As a result, any change in one segment provokes the failure of the entire department.

Clinic depending on the stage

In the process of its development, cervical osteochondrosis goes through four stages. How does it manifest on each of them?

  1. Stage 1. It is characterized by the appearance of initial disturbances in the stability of the intervertebral discs. Symptoms are mild or none at all. Not very pronounced pain and local muscle tension are possible.
  2. Stage 2. The protrusion of the discs begins, the cracks between the vertebrae are reduced, the fibrous ring is destroyed. In many cases, as a result of compression of the nerve endings, pain appears – mainly of a point nature. They intensify when turning, tilting the neck. The tone decreases, often weakness appears.
  3. Stage 3. The process of the final destruction of the fiber ring leads to the formation of hernias. This stage is characterized by a significant deformation of the spine. Increased pain and fatigue occur against the background of sensitive disorders and limited mobility in the affected area.
  4. Stage 4 is the hardest. Intense pain syndrome manifests itself in any attempt to move, which entails a significant limitation of the mobility of this department. At times the pain subsides, but this does not show an improvement, but only indicates an increase in the size of bone growths, which significantly restrict movement. Often they lead to disability of patients.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

When located in the cervical spine, the prevailing symptoms of osteochondrosis are:

Pain is the main symptom

  • pain in the cervical, occipital part, shoulder, arms;
  • restriction of movements, crunching at various turns, tilting the neck;
  • weakness in the hands;
  • pulling pain in the left half of the chest, radiating to the corresponding arm;
  • burning in the interscapular area;
  • recurrent headaches;
  • weakness;
  • dizziness (in severe cervical osteochondrosis can reach a loss of consciousness);
  • impaired coordination of movements, which mainly affects the gait;
  • hearing loss, ringing in the ears;
  • decreased vision;
  • sore throat;
  • poor tooth condition;
  • weakening of the voice or its hoarseness;
  • snoring – is a consequence of tension in the cervical muscles.

With the cervicothoracic type, the symptoms are almost similar to those of cervical osteochondrosis. It:

  • asthenic syndrome;
  • dizziness and headaches;
  • periodic pressure fluctuations;
  • flashing flies before the eyes;
  • pain in the shoulder girdle and arms;
  • muscle weakness;
  • numbness, tingling, coldness of the fingers;
  • pain in the chest, heart area;
  • nausea;
  • numbness of the tongue, face;
  • problems with teeth;
  • sensation of current passing along the arms when trying to bend the neck.


Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are not considered typical. Which of them are most pronounced, largely depends on the specific object of destruction. Many of the manifestations can be mistakenly associated with other pathological conditions. Therefore, there are frequent cases when the wrong treatment is prescribed.
The complex of symptoms is divided into the following groups:

  • radicular;
  • vertebral artery syndrome;
  • irritative-reflex syndrome.

Radicular syndrome

Its second name is cervical sciatica. The syndrome develops as a result of pinching of the nerve endings in the cervical part. Pain is transmitted down from the neck, is given to the shoulder blades, and falls along the shoulder along the outside of the forearm to the fingers. In this case, often appear:

  • sensation of “goosebumps”;
  • tingling of the hand, forearm, fingers;
  • pastiness.

Manifestations also vary depending on the site of the lesion. If the endings of the central nerve are affected, pastiness extends to the thumb, middle, and index fingers. When pinching the ends of the brachial nerve, the little finger and ring finger suffer.

Irritative-reflex syndrome

Its sign is a burning sharp pain in the cervical-occipital region, which appears during movement after a static state: after sleep, when sneezing, and a sharp turn of the head. Often the pain radiates to the shoulder and chest.

Syndrome of the vertebral artery

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis with it are:

  • a pulsating or burning headache (it is paroxysmal or lasting), extending to the temporal region, dark, occiput, superciliary arches;
  • increased discomfort during certain movements or after a prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position;
  • general weakness;
  • nausea;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • hearing problems;
  • disruption of the vestibular apparatus;
  • eye pain
  • deterioration of vision.

Cardiac syndrome

When this set of symptoms of osteochondrosis of the neck appears, a picture almost similar to angina develops, which often leads to erroneous treatment.
Muscle contractions and cramping in the heart region are most likely a reflex response to compression of the nerve endings in the lower cervical region. Cardiac syndrome is the result of irritation of the phrenic nerve (its fibers lead to the pericardium) or the pectoralis major muscle:

  • pains appear suddenly, last a long time;
  • intensified with a sharp movement of the neck, coughing, sneezing;
  • tachycardia and extrasystole are possible;
  • pain does not stop after taking corona-expanding drugs;
  • There are no signs of impaired circulation on the ECG.

Exacerbation of the disease

In the acute stage, symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are:

  • increased pain and its irradiation into the shoulder blades, interscapular area, arms, shoulders;
  • difficulty in moving the shoulders, torso, arms, sometimes breathing (inhale and exhale);
  • pain often resembles a heart attack or intercostal neuralgia;
  • when pain appears in the right hypochondrium or iliac region, the clinic is similar to manifestations of gastritis or cholecystitis;
  • headaches are continuous, imbalance occurs, visual and auditory functions;
  • in the innervation zone, trophic skin is disturbed, tingling, numbness, dryness, pallor, burning, chilliness appear;
  • increased tone of the cervical muscles;
  • weakness, lethargy, nervous tension, anxiety, emotional instability appear;
  • possible disturbances of sleep, memory, difficulty concentrating.

Osteochondrosis and vegetovascular dystonia

Cervical osteochondrosis can lead to a subluxation of the first cervical vertebra with a shift to the right or left, which provokes the development of VVD (vegetative-vascular dystonia). It is quite difficult to identify, since often there are no symptoms or they are weakly expressed. In this case, it is possible:

  • squeezing of the sympathetic nerve plexuses, leading to the appearance of neurological signs or VSD;
  • compression of arteries and deterioration of cerebral circulation;
  • squeezing veins, provoking a violation of the outflow of blood and a subsequent jump in intracranial pressure;
  • squeezing of the spinal cord, causing a deterioration in the movement of the cerebrospinal fluid, which also results in high pressure inside the skull;
  • muscle spasm, enhancing symptoms as a result of severe compression of blood vessels and nerves.

The result of the described processes are:

  • headache;
  • darkening of the eyes;
  • dizziness;
  • visual impairment;
  • double vision (diplopia);
  • flickering before the eyes of “flies”;
  • high or low pressure;
  • nausea, sometimes with vomiting;
  • loss of consciousness.

Subluxation of the vertebra is detected by x-ray. Its reduction is a rather complicated procedure, usually carried out under general anesthesia.

Video about signs of cervical osteochondrosis

How is the disease diagnosed

The leading methods for the diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis are:

  • radiography;
  • Magnetic resonance imaging;
  • CT scan;
  • Doppler ultrasound;
  • duplex scanning.

The last two methods are used to check the condition of the vessels of the neck.

Symptoms and treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a dangerous disease, and if left untreated, you can become an invalid. Faced with this ailment, many are thinking about how to cope with it. Let’s understand the intricacies of the disease.

Content of the material

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a disease that has its symptoms, stages, causes and treatment.

Nature of the disease

Osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra is a progressive disease that is characterized by degenerative as well as degenerative changes in the discs between the vertebrae.

The cervical region is represented by seven vertebrae and is the most mobile, but the muscle corset is poorly developed. He is responsible for tilting the head to the sides and its turns.

The picture shows the place of manifestation of cervical osteochondrosis of the spinal canal

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Stages of the disease

The development of the disease takes place in four stages, and the degrees are distinguished:

  • 1 degree. The stage is characterized by instability, manifested in the initial destruction of the disks.
  • 2 degrees. At this stage, protrusion of the discs is manifested. The distance between the vertebrae is reduced, the destruction of the fibrous ring begins, and pain occurs due to pinching of the nerve.
  • 3 degrees. The ring is finally destroyed, and hernias are formed between the vertebrae. The spine is severely deformed.
  • 4 degrees. She is the hardest. Each movement causes severe pain. With a strong proliferation of bone tissue, the disease leads to disability.

Read about hypermobility of the cervical vertebrae to know all the features of this disease.

The picture illustrates the developmental stages of osteochondrosis of the cervical spinal canal

Important! At each stage, there are different symptoms and different treatment methods are used. Doctors take measures regardless of the stage of the disease, as this helps to improve the quality of life of the patient.

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Causes of the disease

To date, there has been a strong increase in patients aged 18 to 30 years. Previously, this ailment was found only in the elderly and occasionally in people under 40 years of age. The causes of cervical osteochondrosis are various.

Among the main stand out:

  • excess weight;
  • change in posture;
  • scoliosis of the spinal canal in the neck;
  • injuries of the cervical spinal canal;
  • disruptions in the metabolism;
  • constant weight lifting;
  • poor physical fitness;
  • stress;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • the presence of infectious diseases;
  • frequent hypothermia.

We advise you to study the material on the degrees of breast osteochondrosis on our portal.

If regular back pain appears, then this may signal disturbances in the spine. One of the diseases may be instability of the cervical vertebrae. What are the causes of the disease and the main symptoms? What can be the complications if you do not start timely treatment?

Osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra is closely associated with muscle spasms that limit the mobility of the vertebrae. As a result, the circulatory process, posture is disturbed. All these factors trigger the dystrophic process in the disks located between the vertebrae. As a result, there is a pinched nerve.

Improper sleeping position can lead to the development of osteochondrosis of the cervical spinal canal

Manifestation of the disease

Most often, signs of manifestation of cervical osteochondrosis are associated with a malfunction of the blood circulation of the brain.

  • dizziness, in which loss of consciousness is possible;
  • frequent headaches;
  • failure in coordination of movements. Most often, the disease manifests itself in gait disorders;
  • often manifested tinnitus, as well as hearing impairment;
  • the appearance of snoring;
  • decreased vision;
  • the appearance of hoarseness, hoarseness of the voice;
  • loss of sensation in the fingers.

Important! If several symptoms occur, you should consult a doctor for advice. Do not self-medicate.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Intervertebral osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • radicular. The patient feels pain that is given to the shoulder blade or shoulder. He also feels a tingling sensation in the fingers, hands, forearms. These symptoms are directly related to pinched nerve;

With cervical osteochondrosis of the spinal canal, the pain is given to the shoulder

  • compression of the back brain;
  • vertebral artery;
  • Irritatively reflexive. They are expressed in acute and severe pain in the neck and occipital region, which manifests itself when sneezing, as well as after sleep or sharp turns to the right or left of the head;
  • cardinal syndrome. This symptomatology is similar to angina pectoris. The pain is paroxysmal and prolonged. Strengthening occurs if a cough appears, a person sneezes, and also with sharp turns of the head.

Important! If inflammation of the cervical osteochondrosis occurs, then the symptoms are expressed in a more vivid form.


Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is treated, but it takes a lot of time. In addition, it should take place in a hospital and comprehensively.

Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis of the spinal canal – an integrated approach

Doctors use a range of measures and tools in the fight against the disease. Among them:

  • Khivamat is an electrostatic vibration massage procedure on a specialized apparatus. It anesthetizes, has an anti-inflammatory effect, and relieves swelling and muscle tension. According to statistics, two sessions are enough to relieve pain.
  • Laser therapy MLS. The procedure is aimed at analgesia, relieving inflammation, as well as soft tissue regeneration. The method is innovative, but successfully used to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical and other parts of the spinal canal.
  • Electrophoresis This is a procedure in which drugs are injected under the skin using electric current pulses. It has an analgesic, anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Application of ozokerite. Mountain wax and paraffin treatment. After applying the composition, the sore spot is covered with a film. It does not cause discomfort and gives a positive effect.

We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the technique of self-massage with cervical osteochondrosis in addition to this material.

Exercises for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Simplicity and efficiency. Requires a systematic approach on a daily basis

Important! All procedures are prescribed by a doctor depending on the degree of the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient. Always selected individually.

The cervical spine in the human body is an important part, and problems in its work provoke negative consequences. In addition, the launch of diseases associated with the neck can gradually affect the thoracic region. Exercises for the cervical spine will help maintain health and resume mobility in this area of ​​the musculoskeletal system.

In addition, the procedures are supplemented by:

  • analgesics, antispasmodics and anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • the use of gels, creams, ointments for tissue repair;
  • therapeutic exercise;
  • reflexology;
  • hirudotherapy;
  • massage sessions;
  • dry stretch.

We advise you to read about acupuncture with cervical osteochondrosis, its pros and cons.

The video shows a simple and effective set of exercises for cervical osteochondrosis

Important! Most often conservative methods are used, but, unfortunately, surgical intervention can be prescribed in difficult situations.

Dry traction is an effective method in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis of the spinal column

The consequences of osteochondrosis of the cervical spinal canal

A disease can cause serious consequences, such as:

  • protrusion. This complication is characterized by protrusion of the pulpous nucleus of the intervertebral disc, in which the ring does not break;
  • hernia of the intervertebral disc. It occurs when the fibrous ring is destroyed;
  • bone growths of the vertebrae;
  • salt deposits;
  • the appearance of sclerotic plaques inside the vessels and other disorders.

Important! Any vascular disorders are the most dangerous consequences, as the supply of blood to the brain is disrupted, which can lead to serious illnesses.

One of the consequences of cervical osteochondrosis is a disc herniation, which in this case led to compression of the nerve

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine requires treatment. It takes a lot of time, so you need to be patient and strictly follow the recommendations and advice of a doctor.

Morozov Georgiy

Georgy Morozov, rheumatologist. For more than 20 years, he has been involved in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of joint diseases.