About 30% of people over the age of 35 suffer from joint pain. Joint pain is perhaps one of the most painful manifestations of diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
According to statistics from the Ministry of Health, people aged 40 and over show joint problems in 50% of cases. And in older people over the age of 70 years – in 90% of cases.
Joint pains can have a very different nature: they can be long or short-term, dull-aching or strong-sharp. But in all cases, they cause a person discomfort, worsen the quality of life, and in some cases can lead to disability.
To understand the cause of joint pain, it is important to know what the joint is like.
- What is a joint?
- Types of joint disease
- Causes of joint pain
- Joint pain treats the right way of life
- Treatments for joint pain
- Joints ache. Reasons and what to do?
- Arthritis: a night visitor
- How does it manifest:
- What is the reason?
- What are the treatment options?
- Arthrosis: gradual destruction
- How does it manifest:
- What is the reason?
- What are the treatment options?
- Why joints throughout the body hurt
- Causes of pain throughout the body
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Autoimmune pathologies
- Physical overwork
- Infectious diseases or chronic toxicity poisoning
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Blood cancer
- Joint pain treatment
- Treatment with folk remedies
- Why joints hurt and ache, causes and symptoms
- Joints hurt – causes
- Joint pains – how are they manifested?
- Joint pains are the most common diseases
- Rheumato >
- Inflammation of surrounding tissues
What is a joint?
A joint is a mobile connection of bones. These bones are separated by a gap. In this gap are: the synovial membrane and articular bag.
The synovial membrane is the inner layer of the joint bag and covers the entire joint cavity and ligaments that are located in the joint, except for the cartilage.
The joint bag is a small cavity in the joint, which is covered with a synovial membrane, it is separated from other tissues by a capsule filled with joint fluid.
Joint fluid not only feeds the cartilage, but is also a lubricant for the joint, it does not allow the parts of the joint to come into contact with each other.
Types of joint disease
Over time, the joint ages, the cartilage tissue collapses, and the joint becomes inflamed. If one joint becomes inflamed, then this condition is called arthritis. Polyarthritis is when several joints are inflamed at the same time.
Another joint disease is bursitis (from the Latin “bursa” – bag). This disease occurs with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the articular bag. Bursitis can be triggered by injuries and bruises (often found in athletes).
Joint disease associated with metabolic disorders is arthrosis (osteoarthrosis). This disease is characterized by irreversible changes in the tissues of the joint.
It must also be said that one of the common joint diseases is rheumatoid arthritis (rheumatism). With this disease, inflammation of the connective tissue (cartilage) occurs.
There are a huge number of varieties of each of these diseases. There are also many reasons for their occurrence. Let’s look at a few of them.
Causes of joint pain
- Infectious diseases. The main causative agents of specific infectious arthritis are: tuberculous mycobacterium, gonococcus, streptococcus, chlamydia, etc.
- Allergy. Scientists have noticed that people prone to allergic reactions often have inflammatory joint diseases, for example, in the form of infectious non-specific arthritis. Often the cause of pain in the joints can be both infections and a tendency to allergic reactions.
- Endocrine system failure. Endocrine arthritis can be caused by disruption of the endocrine glands. An endocrinologist treats these types of diseases.
- Diseases of the nervous system. Violations of the autonomic nervous system can cause some joint diseases.
- Disruption of blood vessels (blood supply). Such disorders provoke many joint diseases. Violation of the permeability of the walls of the vessels is one of the reasons for the onset of inflammatory reactions in the joints. A violation of capillary blood supply causes a violation of the nutrition of the cartilage and leads to its destruction.
- Metabolic disease. Violation of metabolic processes, according to scientists, is the main factor in the occurrence of pain in the joints, but it remains poorly understood.
- Inherited diseases. Although there is no unequivocal opinion on the heredity of joint diseases, experts noted that relatives of people suffering from polyarthritis and rheumatism, these diseases are 2-3 times more common than other people. Experts in this regard are not talking about heredity, but about a predisposition to this type of disease.
- Gender. Both men and women are equally susceptible to joint diseases. But it is noted that in men the back (spine) is more often affected, and in women – peripheral joints (fingers, elbows, knees, etc.)
- Damp and cold. These two phenomena can also cause joint pain.
Joint pain treats the right way of life
If you are struggling with joint pain, it is important to know that it is worth starting with a change in lifestyle in general and a change in diet in particular.
The menu for joint diseases should be designed in such a way as to avoid the risk zone (overweight, obesity). You need to monitor the calorie content of your daily diet. It should have as few fatty and sweet foods as possible and as many vegetables, fruits, seafood, fish as possible. From meat it is better to give priority to lean beef.
Reduce salt intake to half a teaspoon per day, and fluid intake should be increased to 1,5 – 2 liters per day (if there are no contraindications).
Such food should not be a ten-day diet, but should be permanent.
Speaking of a change in lifestyle, we are talking, first of all, about giving up all bad habits, as they can provoke an exacerbation of the disease.
No less important role in the fight against pain in the joints is played by moderate physical activity (under the supervision of a specialist), since joint diseases can be caused by physical inactivity.
Many are mistaken in thinking that drug treatment for joint pain is the main one. Medications only help relieve the exacerbation of the disease.
In the treatment of joint diseases, a lot of different drugs are used.
Treatments for joint pain
For each type of joint pain in medical practice there is a different approach. Consider the main ones:
- Anti-inflammatory and painkillers. This is perhaps the main group of medicines that are used in the treatment of joint diseases. They can be performed in different forms: tablets, gels, ointments, various injections, plasters. These medicines have anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effects.
Typically, drugs based on the following active substances are used: nimesulide, indomethacin, ibuprofen, ketorolac, ketoprofen, diclofenac, etc. All of them belong to the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. I want to remind you that any drugs should be taken only on the recommendation of a doctor.
- Chondroprotectors. These are drugs that can stop destructive processes and restore cartilage.
If you are not inclined to trust synthetic drugs, you can replace them with herbal preparations, for example, a medicinal plant dandelion. Dandelion root is a natural chondroprotector, as it enhances blood circulation around the joint and as a result nourishes the joint. Medicinal dandelion exists in tablet form – “Dandelion P”
- Drugs that improve capillary blood circulation and microcirculation, and vitamins.
These funds are also necessarily used in the complex treatment of joint pain. They restore the nutrition of damaged joint tissue and improve microcirculation. For this purpose, drugs such as: “Dihydroquercetin Plus” and “Apitonus P” can be prescribed.
The composition of the drug “Dihydroquercetin Plus” includes a powerful natural antioxidant and vitamin C, which also has an antioxidant effect. “Dihydroquercetin Plus” has a beneficial effect on the walls of blood vessels, and also restores blood microcirculation.
Apitonus P, in addition to the natural antioxidant dihydroquercetin, includes vitamins C, E, as well as bee pollen – flower pollen treated with a bee enzyme. Bee pollen is a complex of natural natural B vitamins, as well as vitamins A, C, D3, H (biotin), folic acid and trace elements.
- Physiotherapy. Physiotherapeutic procedures are prescribed during the period of remission (when there is no exacerbation). Apply: laser treatment, UHF, magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, ultrasound.
- Surgical intervention. Only in extreme cases with joint diseases resort to surgical intervention. Joint surgery is divided into two groups:
In the first case, any pathological formations are removed from the joint. In the second case, the entire joint is removed, and an endoprosthesis is inserted instead.
Joints ache. Reasons and what to do?
Many are familiar with the condition when joints ache. Most often, this unpleasant sensation occurs in the fall or during a change in weather. So most patients talk about ailments, not understanding the differences between arthritis, arthrosis and other joint damage. Some are firmly convinced that “the bones are sore due to old age,” while others are doing everything to wash salts out of the body.
A visit to the doctor is postponed – everyone is self-medicating. Having learned, for example, that a neighbor has coped with joint pain by warming up, a woman hurries to use the same method and . gets into a hospital bed with exacerbation and worsening. And the thing is, they have different diseases .
Arthritis and arthrosis are far from the same thing and therefore require completely different approaches. But only a physician can make a correct diagnosis of why joints are aching, moreover, after an examination, x-ray, ultrasound, and blood analysis.
Arthritis: a night visitor
How does it manifest:
The patient says that at first she did not even pay attention to the pain that occurs in the phalanges of the fingers and toes. She considered it signs of a cold or fatigue. However, the pain did not go away. A few months later, hands and knees were already swollen and even swollen . At night the pain intensified, worsened like a toothache, and kept me awake.
The woman intensively took analgesics, used folk remedies, but the situation did not get any better, the joints became inactive, they became difficult to unbend, and it became more difficult to move. An older woman, with horror, realized that if she did not seek medical help, she could turn into a helpless disabled person. According to the results of the examination, the diagnosis was made: arthritis.
What is the reason?
Arthritis is called inflammation of the tissues of the joints (with the defeat of several joints, this disease is called polyarthritis). The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis has not yet been established. It is only known that chronic infections trigger this process. And this becomes the cause of autoimmune damage – the human immunity seems to attack the tissues of their own joints.
At the same time, metabolic disorders play a role here. Damage to the joints acts symmetrically on both sides (for example, both elbows or both knees). The intensification of pain is observed at rest, so in the morning the patient should first “diverge” to reduce discomfort. But without treatment, the joints continue to collapse.
What are the treatment options?
Often the logic of patients is as follows: What is the point of treating if rheumatoid arthritis cannot be cured? But this does not take into account an important factor: The faster the inflammatory process is suppressed, the less affected the joints. Yes, indeed, it will not be possible to eradicate the cause. But modern medicines are successfully fighting the inflammation itself.
The next stage is the restoration of joint mobility using special gymnastics and massage. As for spa treatment, it can be useful, although caution should be exercised. Mud therapy, for example, is absolutely contraindicated!
But all kinds of baths (radon, sulfide, iodine-bromine) are highly recommended. Phonophoresis has also been shown to be very effective (i.e., the administration of drugs using ultrasound).
Other types of arthritis are also known. In addition to the actual autoimmune inflammation, rheumatic and purulent arthritis are also distinguished. Rheumatic fever occurs as a result of streptococcus activity. You should know that rheumatism always affects the heart besides joints.
Its presence can be suspected of “flying pains”: these pains are severe, but pass relatively quickly (at the same time, one joint bothers a maximum of 2 days). So, let’s say, today “grabbed” the knee, tomorrow – the elbow on the other hand. But only a specific biochemical blood test (rheumatic test) can detect the disease. This disease can be defeated, but for this, long-term treatment with various anti-rheumatic drugs is necessary.
As for purulent arthritis, it begins with the joint being attacked by microbes (they get there due to trauma, blood flow, etc.) Suppuration is accompanied by fever, temperature, acute pain in the affected area, and the pain intensifies with any movement.
And this condition already poses a danger to life (sepsis may develop) – urgent surgical intervention and antibiotic treatment are necessary.
More on arthritis prevention can be found here.
Arthrosis: gradual destruction
How does it manifest:
The patient is a former dancer. I got used to not paying attention to fatigue and pain in my legs. However, aching and dull joint pain was causing more and more concern. With movement, physical exertion, it intensified, an unpleasant crunch appeared in the elbows and knees.
At first, in order for the problems to be released, it was enough to take a break. However, from the former mobility, only memories remained. An orthopedic doctor revealed arthrosis in a woman, i.e. gradual degeneration of cartilage joints.
What is the reason?
The work of any joint depends on the coordination of the work of the muscles, and the muscles themselves also on the general condition of the nervous system. Failure of the muscles leads to minimal damage – after operations, injuries, brain diseases, mental and neurotic diseases, overload.
Microtraumas tend to accumulate over the years, cartilage tissue is destroyed, pain occurs and mobility is limited. The cartilage does not have nerve endings, so at first the destruction goes unnoticed, without pain. There are frequent cases when a person goes to the doctor when the cartilage tissue no longer remains at all. In young people, the joint fluid covering the cartilage works like a lubricant, protecting them from excessive friction and injury.
Over the years, sticky grease gradually loses its viscosity. The result is that the bones in those places where they were covered with joints begin to come into contact with each other, roughness and roughness appear on them. Their mutual friction increases, and movement relative to each other is accompanied by an unpleasant specific crunch.
This disease occurs in most people over 60 years of age, but its appearance is quite possible to delay. However, arthrosis is observed in very young people (due to congenital underdevelopment of the joints), and in young people who are not yet 30, and those who overload the joints due to the specifics of the profession and work characteristics (ballerinas, movers, athletes or masseurs) . In addition, arthrosis of the legs is very common in people who are overweight (increased load on the joints).
What are the treatment options?
The diseased joint, as a rule, increases in size. Therefore, it is not difficult to detect external changes: you need to take turns measuring both joints with a centimeter tape, and then compare the results obtained (limb with a diseased joint is wider and larger in diameter).
It is very important to consult an orthopedist as soon as possible, who will determine the treatment aimed at improving blood supply and restoring joint vitality and mobility. And salt has nothing to do with it. Of course, that there may be calcifications (deposits of calcium salts) in the ligaments and places of attachment of tendons – in all areas where elasticity should be maintained.
But these deposits are not the cause of arthrosis. A good effect is achieved by mud therapy, magnetotherapy, laser therapy. Seawater also has a good effect.
With arthritis and arthrosis, it is very important to eat right. About what you can eat and what you can’t read here
Watch a video on how to get rid of joint pain.
You can express your opinion about the article in the comments.
Why joints throughout the body hurt
Discomfort in the joints is a sign of excessive physical fatigue. Also, such a malaise can be observed with various joint diseases. Most often, elderly people complain about them. Why all joints of the body hurt, the causes of this symptom, as well as treatment methods, will be examined in more detail.
Causes of pain throughout the body
It is almost impossible to independently determine the cause of this unpleasant symptom. Especially when it comes to the development of a certain disease. The diagnosis in such pathological processes can only be determined by a specialist after a thorough examination of the patient. Which doctor should you seek help in this situation?
A rheumatologist can establish an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment. Consider the possible causes of pain in all joints.
This disease is characterized by inflammation of the joints of the joint. If the lesion occurs in several joints, then the person feels acute pain throughout the body, and rheumatism is also characterized by swelling in the affected area. Most often, discomfort does not appear immediately in all joints, they disturb the patient in turn in different parts of the body.
Usually, inflammatory processes with rheumatism are observed in large joints. The feet and fingers are rarely affected.
Extensive joint pain may indicate the development of rheumatoid arthritis. Most often, the disease begins to progress from the upper and lower extremities. In addition to aching pain, the affected parts of the body swell, stiffness of movements and limitation of mobility are observed, especially immediately the field of awakening.
If with such a diagnosis a person is concerned about pain in all joints, then this means that he is actively developing an aggressive form of rheumatoid arthritis, which requires immediate treatment to avoid dangerous consequences.
This pathology is a degenerative-dystrophic change in the articular tissues. Damage can be observed in several parts of the body, which is accompanied by severe pain in all joints during the period of exacerbation. With the active development of osteoarthrosis in a patient, destruction of cartilage tissues gradually occurs. In addition to pain, this disease causes deformation and asymmetry of the upper and lower extremities.
This is a pathological process that is characterized by the production of antibodies to articular and cartilage tissues. As a result of this process, a gradual destruction of connective tissue occurs. With exacerbations of human autoimmune diseases, anxiety is unbearable, which spreads throughout the body when several parts of the body are affected.
One of the causes of pain in the joints of the whole body can be physical overstrain. This ailment is prone to people who regularly experience heavy physical labor. If it was overfatigue that caused discomfort in all joints, then medication and other types of treatment are not carried out in such situations. The pain will go away in about a week. But for this, one should rest more and not expose oneself to exhausting loads.
Infectious diseases or chronic toxicity poisoning
The active development of pathogenic microorganisms in the early stages of any infectious disease causes pain in the joint tissues, body aches and fever are also observed. Discomfort at the same time in all joints is one of the first symptoms of toxic poisoning. A little later, nausea with vomiting, dizziness, and loss of consciousness are observed. Toxins that enter the body with blood flow also settle in all joints.
This disease develops against the background of a neglected form of such a dermatological disease as psoriasis. At the same time, a strong and extensive lesion of the skin extends to the joint tissue. The main symptom of psoriatic arthritis is causeless pain throughout the body.
This disease develops as a result of a significant accumulation of uric acid in the blood. As a result of this pathological process, urate deposits in articular tissues. Attacks of gout are accompanied by unbearable pain in the affected joints, which can give along the whole body.
This is perhaps the most terrible reason for the appearance of pain in all joints and bone tissues, as well as aches. The danger of leukemia lies in the fact that it is quite difficult to diagnose in the early stages, since the symptoms are not pronounced.
Important to remember! Timely determination of the cause of the appearance of such an unpleasant symptom as pain in all joints will help get rid of possible consequences in the future! Therefore, at the first ailments, you need to see a doctor for an examination.
Joint pain treatment
Experts suggest getting rid of this unpleasant symptom, first of all, through the use of medications. They have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and sedative effects. For these purposes, the following drugs should be used:
Important to remember! In order to start drug treatment for pain in the joints, you need to consult a specialist! Medicines are prescribed in accordance with the cause of this ailment.
Treatment with folk remedies
The prepared medicines at home according to the recipes of traditional medicine help relieve inflammation and pain. Therefore, they should be used as adjunctive therapy. The most effective non-traditional methods of treatment are:
- Bay leaf. To prepare an anti-inflammatory broth, you will need about 30 bay leaves, pour 0,5 liters of water. Put on fire, bring to a boil, then hold on low heat for about 5 minutes. Leave to infuse warm for 4 hours. After this time, take the finished broth in small sips throughout the day.
- Sunflower. To remove harmful substances from the body, you can use this recipe. You should take 100 g of chopped sunflower root, pour 1 liter of water. Put on the fire to boil for 10 minutes. After this, cook the prepared broth. This tool has no contraindications, so you can drink it instead of water or tea throughout the day.
- Eggshell. For the treatment of joint pain, an egg shell is required, which is better to boil for about 5 minutes. Before each meal, you need to eat the shell crushed to a powder state, 1 tbsp. l
In order to choose the most effective prescription, it is better to consult with your doctor. Such drugs can replace some prescribed medications, which have many side effects, unlike alternative medicines.
Why joints hurt and ache, causes and symptoms
Good day, dear friends. Today the article for you was prepared by therapist Anastasia V. Shabalina. I ask you to love and favor, now in the section “Beauty and Health” the doctor will write about health, diseases and treatment. I pass the floor to Anastasia Valerievna. Let’s talk about why joints hurt.
Any ailment unsettles, disrupting the usual way of life. For example, when joints hurt, normal activities become inaccessible, you have to come up with something to cope with everyday duties. And it’s not always clear what to do with the fallen misfortune. Be patient? Which doctor should I go to?
Joints hurt – causes
To understand the causes of pathology, you first need to find out how everything works.
A joint is a mobile connection of bones. It consists of several elements:
- connectable bones covered with cartilage, which provides good glide relative to each other;
- connective tissue bag;
- ligaments and tendons hold the bones in place.
The defeat of any of these details leads to the onset of the disease.
- Mechanical overload, sprain or capsule.
- Violation of blood circulation due to muscle spasm or venous stasis;
- Any inflammatory phenomena.
- Degenerative changes in cartilage.
Joint pains – how are they manifested?
Basically, pain is noteworthy. It is different, by its nature there are three types:
- appears at night or in the morning;
- passes about half an hour after the start of movement, you need to “disperse” in order to feel in order;
- It is combined with stiffness when it is difficult to bend a limb due to edema.
- appear during exercise, pass after rest;
- amplified at the end of the working day;
- combine features of both types.
In addition, they may be bothered by:
- redness and fever above the sore spot is a sign of inflammation;
- an increase in its volume – due to fluid in the cavity between the bones or swelling;
- shape change – due to bone deformation, for example, with dislocation;
- immobility – with the fusion of bone surfaces.
Joint pains are the most common diseases
There are many diseases that manifest such symptoms. The most common are listed below.
This is an autoimmune disease, that is, with it, the body rebels against the host and begins to produce antibodies to its own cells. Most often, this disease is the reason why the joints of the hands hurt.
It begins gradually, gradually, it is characterized by inflammatory pain. Complaints appear in the morning, after waking up, it is impossible to completely bend both hands into a fist due to swelling and pain, but after half an hour of movement everything returns to normal.
Over time, the duration of morning stiffness increases and does not pass completely. Symptoms are also worrying during the day, because of this brush is easier to keep in a bent state.
If you do not consult a doctor in a timely manner, then the changes will become irreversible, they will deform and cease to fulfill their functions. With such a defeat, it is difficult for people even in everyday life, for example, it is impossible to unfasten buttons, since small movements suffer in the first place.
With these symptoms, you need to go to a therapist who will clarify the cause of the disease and send it to a rheumatologist.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, so its symptoms will not go away completely. You will have to constantly be observed by a doctor and follow the recommendations, this will save the joints for as long as possible.
This is not an inflammatory disease, when the cartilage covering the bones is damaged, it can no longer perform a protective function. Bone sections are in contact with each other, there is no normal smooth glide. Why do knees hurt? Most often, due to osteoarthritis, any other area can also suffer.
Manifested by mechanical pain that occurs when walking or other stress. The so-called starting pains are also characteristic, when at the beginning of the movement the unpleasant sensations sharply increase, their intensity decreases with continued walking.
This occurs for the following reasons: the cartilage crumbles and gathers in a connective tissue bag, which prevents it from working normally. When moving gradually, the pathological contents of the capsule are pushed along the edges, the severity of sensations decreases.
Blockade may develop when a piece of cartilage falls between the connecting surfaces of the bones. Because of this, severe pain occurs, which prevents the movement of the limb. After displacement of the fragment, everything returns to normal.
With the active course of the process, the inflammatory component also joins. Then the joints ache not only after exercise, but also at rest.
If such symptoms appear, you need to contact the therapist, he will prescribe the appropriate treatment. In addition to pills, you will also need a lifestyle change. For example, dosing of physical activity, weight loss.
Inflammation of surrounding tissues
Stretched ligaments, stiff muscles, neuritis – all this can cause pain. This often answers the question: why shoulder joints hurt? As the most mobile in the body, they are overloaded most often.
In this case, the moment of the onset of pain is usually clear. For example, when lifting weights or a sharp uncomfortable movement.
This rarely becomes the reason for contacting a specialist, sometimes a warming ointment and fixation in a fixed position are enough. Symptoms go away in two to three days.
However, self-diagnosis is not always accurate. If the situation does not change or gets worse, you need to go to the therapist. You may need to connect a surgeon or a neurologist.
Joint pain, even if mild, is sometimes a sign of a serious illness. If it lasts more than a week, this is an occasion to go to an appointment. It is better not to procrastinate with this, since an early start of treatment increases the likelihood of success. I wish you all good health and good mood!
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